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1 



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AT 

OlLf 



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AME 



HOMEOPATH 



A MONTHL 



DEVOTED TO 



HOMCEOPATK 



-v 



VOLU 



I DETROIT, 

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED AT DK. E. 

I 6 1 WAYNE STREET, BETWEEV LAI 



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Entered aocording to Act of Congress In the year 1866, by 
1 EDWIN A. LODGE, 

In the Office of the Clerk of the District Court of the United States for the District 
of Michigan. 



) 



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COLLABORATORS. 



Prof. H. 0. Aun, Prof, T. 0. Comstocx, Prof. 0. J. Hum, 

Prof. 8.B. Bakiow, Prof. Join Ellis, Prof. B. L. Hill, 

Prof. A. 0. Blaib, Prof. B. 0. Fravzl», Prof. Jonra Hoofer, 

Prof, J. Biakut, Prof. H. P. Gatcrkll, Prof. 8. B, Kikbt, 

Prof. H. P. BioflAS, Prof. W. Tod Hkludtb, Prof. B. Lddlam, 

Prof. OowaTAirmra Hebixo, Prof. John 0. Moboam. 

8. LOienthsl, M. D. 

John 8. Linsley, M. D. 
D. J. V. Long, M. b. 

Lewit G. Lowe, M. D. 

M. B. Lukens, M. D. 

8. 8. Lungren, M. D. 
D. J. G. Malcolm, M. D. 

O. P. Hnnn, H. D. 
I. D. A. V. Marshall, M. D. 

J. H. Handen, M. D. 

H. N. Martin, M. D. 

8, A. Morrill, M. D. 

J. F. Merritt, M. D. 

L. 8. Morgan, M. D. 

C.E.M0TM, 

i. £. P. Mosman, " 

P.J.McCort, " 

A. J. March, «« 
>. O. V. Newcombe," 

Thomas Nichol. M 
0. C. Olmsted, " 
P. H. Orme, " 
H. M. Paine, '• 
Geo, B, PalnMT, " 
G.H. Parkhurst," 
G. M. Pease, " 
J. R. Piper, " 

B. Potter, •• 
H Reynolds, " 
GW Roberts, " 
Thomas Bowser, " 

, CESanford, M 

EDWIN A. LODGE, M. D., Editor. 

EDWIN M, HALE, M. D., Editor of Materia Mbdlca Department, 
BTSHROD W. JAMES, M. D., Editor of $x*pjfAj* .Dspartkekt. 



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The fifth volume of the '■ American Homoeopathic Observer '' 
is commenced under the most favorable auspices. The support 
which the profession has extended so liberally will enable us to 
add one hundred pages for the year without increasing the price. 
We have determined to devote the profits of the publication to 
its improvement, and if our friends work to increase its sub- 
scription during the year 1868 as they have done heretofore, we 
shall be able to add to its interest and value in many particu- 
lars. Nearly all our readers are physicians in active prac- 
tice, and we shall always have in view their needs, and give the 
preference to articles which are practical in their character. 

The Department of Materia Medica, under the editorship 
of Prof. Edwin M. Hale, will be diligently kept up, With- 
out neglect of the old remedies, he will doubtless point out the 
proper sphere of the new. The present number contains an 
admirable pathogenesis of Myrica cerifera from his pen. 

We have given charge of the Department of Surgery to 
Bushrod W. James, M. D., of Philadelphia. Dr. J. is young, 
talented and ambitious, and we know that he can make this 
part of the Journal much more valuable than it has been here- 
tofore. 

New contributors will be welcomed, and we hope that all our 
old ones will continue to send us their favors. We wish to 
make up the present volume with original matter of value to 
the profession, and to accomplish this, rely very much upon our 
correspondents. If MSS. are wrapped up with open ends, only 
pamphlet postage need be prepaid, (two cents on each four oz.) 

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VI INTRODUCTORY. 

We expect to issue our journal so promptly that every sub- 
scriber will receive it by the 1st of each month. On their part 
we hope they will favor us, as before, with advance subscriptions. 
Each subscriber who does so will receive from us, free, a copy 
of " Homoeopathy : What it is, £c." by F. H. Orme, M. D., or 
" Asiatic Cholera? by the Editor. Those who prefer to do 
so, can pay $3 at end of the year, instead of $2 in advance. 
We send the present number to all our old subscribers ; should 
any one desire to discontinue, he will please to return it, 
with his name and address written upon it, that it may be 
taken off the mail list. 

The price, per year, $2, for 600 pages, is lower than a small 
edition could be published at, yet we are willing to take one 
dollar, which is less than the cost, for the subscription of 
unprofessional persons, if sent by any physician at the same time 
he remits his awn subscription of $2. Notwithstanding we shall 
preserve the professional character of the Observer, we know 
that many who do not practice medicine take quite an interest 
in it, and we desire that the number of such may be greatly 
increased. 

We hope that the New Tear will be fraught with blessings 
to the whole brotherhood ; that there will be more of harmony ; 
greater disposition to conciliation ; to cooperation in all things 
calculated to extend our cause ; that our forces may not be dis- 
sipated by contentions within the camp ; that we shall see large 
accessions to our ranks from our opponents ; that our Colleges 
may prosper, sending out the best-qualified practitioners ; that 
a large number of new dispensaries may be opened in our cities ; 
that our State and National Societies may be sustained ; that 
our literature may be supported with liberality, and that this 
journal may have an influence for good in all these directions. 

E.A.L. 



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MYRICA CERIFERA. 

{Bayberry.) 



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jJataia jfeta -Bepartmeui 



PROP. EDWIN M. HALE, Editor. 



PATHOGENESIS OF MYRICA [CEBXFERA. 

x BTE.M. BALE, M. D. 



Analogues. — Asarum canadensis, Acidum benzoic, Berberis 
vulgaris, Bromine, Ohimaphila, Corntis circinata, Oubeba, 
Eryngium aquaticum, Eupatorium aromaticum, Hydrastis can,, 
Hepar vulphur, Kali bichromicum, Lachesis, Mercurius iodatus, 
Spongia. 

The Myrica belongs to a group ~of remedies of which Hepar 
sulphur is the typical member. It has many points of analogy 
with other medicines belonging to that group, while it holds 
relationship to members of others. A close study of its symp- 
toms will show these points of resemblance. 

The Bayberry has been in common use in the practice of the 
people, and the so-called " Botanic " physicians, ever since the 
settlement of New England. The Eclectic school hold it in 
high estimation in many diseases. 

It remained for the Homoeopathic School to investigate its 
powers and uses in a rational manner. The first notice of this 
medicine in our literature was in the second edition of "New 
Remedies/' where its botanical description and medical history 
was given, and two extended provings by Dr. L, Walker. 

The next public mention of the Myrica was made in the 
second volume of " Publications of the Massachusetts Homoeo- 
pathicMedical Society." This consisted of a "Report of the 
Committee on Materia Medica/' made to that Society in 1864. 
This report consists of provings made by Dr. H. L. Chase, Dr. 
Charles Cullis, Dr. 0. Wesselhceeft, Dr. F, H. Krebs, Dr. J. 
E. Linnell, and two women. Some of these provings were made 
with the mother tincture, others with finely-pulverized bark. 
Eight provings have been made of the Myrica. The following 

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10 PATHOGENESIS OF MYRIOA CERIFERA. 

pathogenesis is composed of the symptoms thus obtained, also 
from a few fragmentary provings, and accidental symptoms, 
observed by Dr, H. P. Hale and Mr. Chapman (Chemist). All 
the symptoms recorded appear to be reliable and trustworthy. 

The curative symptoms were obtained from reliable persons, 
and from the results of my own observation and use of the 
remedy. 

This pathogenesis, although not as complete as could be 
desired, is full enough and sufficiently suggestive to be the 
basis of its use in the selection of the remedy. That it will 
prove a valuable medicine, we do not doubt, if it is carefully 
selected and used in proper doses. The cures made with the 
Myrica have, up to this time, been made with the crude drug 
and the lower attenuations ; no experience of its use in the 
higher potencies has yet come under my notice. 

Without attempting to theorize in relation to its special 
affinities, the Myrica appears to me to act principally upon the 
mucom membranes. This is a general action, and seems to 
extend to its remotest and minutest ramifications. I believe 
that nearly all its symptoms arise directly or indirectly from 
this action. 

Explanation of Signs. — A symptom in italic indicates its 
apparent importance, or prominence in the provings. The 
words "in" "when," "with" " it, ,J etc,, italicised, indicate the 
special relation of two or more symptoms. The sign "." indicates 
a simple pathogenetic symptom. The sign u ° " indicates that 
the symptom has been verified by a cure. The letters (v) or 
(vvv) indicate that the symptom has been verified by one or 
more provers. The sign " ° " is prefixed to a curative symptom 
or group of symptoms not found in the pathogenesis. The 
letter (t) indicates that the cure was made by the topical appli- 
cation. The pathogenetic symptoms are all numbered after the 
usual plan. 

MIND AND DISPOSITION. 

1 .Deficient concentration of mind on any subject, (v) 

2 .Gloomy, terribly depressed, despondent (w). 

3 .Indifference to everything— even to friends. 

4 .Condemned himself for imaginary faults. 

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PATHOGENESIS OF MYRICA CERIFERA. 11 

5 .Irritably with constant desire to find fault. He thinks 

himself better than any one else.(v) 

HEAD. 

6 .Dull, heavy aching in the forehead and temples, on waking 

in morning, (vv) 

7 .Pain in the head, worse when stooping or moving about. 

8 .Headache, with pain and stiffness in the nape of neck.(y) 

9 .Headache, with throbbing in the temples, (v) 

10 .Headache in morning, with aching in small of the back.(v) 

11 .Dull, heavy feeling over the eyes, followed by stricture 

across the nose. 

12 .Soreness of the scalp to the touch. 

13 .Pain in back part of head, right side. 

14 .Heaviness in back of head, with pressure in nose. 

15 .In the top of the head a sensation like foam rising in any- 

thing fermenting. 

16 .Chills running over the top of the head, with tightness 

of the scalp. 

17 .Empty feeling in the head. 

18 .Headache, with drowsiness, also with ringing in the ears. 

19 .Pressure and dull pain in forehead and vertex, with throb- 

bing, synchronous with the pulse. 

SENSORIUM. 

20 . Vertigo, with drowsiness. 

21 .Vertigo, with rush of blood to the head, on stooping, fol- 

lowed by full, oppressive headache in right side. 

22 .Vertigo with nausea, and with yawning, 

EYES. 

23 .Dull pain in the eyes and head. 

24 .Smarting in the left eye.(v) 

25 .Eyes feel swollen. 

26 .Yellowness of the sclerotica, with congested appearance. 

27 .Eyelids heavy and swollen. (v) 

28 .Both eyes feel sore, with flushed face. 

29 .Sharp pain in the left eye. 

30 .Left eye sore and looked inflamed, in morninj. 

31 .Heaviness in the eyes. 



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IS PATHOGENESIS OF MTRICA CERIPERA. 

32 .Aching in right eyeball, with quivering in the eyelids. 

33 .Smarting in both eyes, with feeling as of sand in them, 

and difficulty of closing the lids.(v) 

34 .Hot feeling in the eyes, they tire easily on reading. 

EARS. 

35 .Ringing in the left ear.(v) 

36 .Ringing in both ears, with slight vertigo ; also with press- 

ure about the head.(v) 

NOSE. 

37 . Sensation in the nose, as if he had catarrh. 

38 .One painful pimple on the nose. 

39 .Pressure in the left side of the nose.[v] 

40 .Constrictive feeling across the nose. 

41 .Severe coryza, in the morning. [v] 

42 .Aching, excruciating feeling in the posterior nares. 

43 .Tenacious, offensive mucus in the nose. 
°Fcetid, bloody ozcena. 

FACE. 

44 .Pressure in the malar bones. 

45 .Yellowness of the face (jaundice). 

46 .Itching and stinging in right side of face. 

47 .Burning in the face, with sensation of fullness, [v] 

48 .Creeping sensation, as of crawling insects on the face. 

49 .Fullness about the face and head, with throbbing. 

MOUTH, TEETH, ETC. 

50 .Tongue furred, with bad taste in mouth and nausea, [v] 

51 .Tongue thickly coated, dirty white or yellowish, [v] 

52 .Saliva increased, with heartburn. 

53 .Dryness of the mouth and fauces. 

54 .Darting pain in the articulation of jaw, right side. 

55 .The whole buccal cavity, even the roof of the mouth, was 

coated with an adhesive coating, difficult to detach, with 

offensive breath and foul taste. 
°ApthaB of the mouth, [t] 
°Tender, spongy and bleeding gums. 
^Follicular stomatitis. 



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PATHOGENESIS OF MTRICA CERIPERA. IS 

THROAT. 

56 .Soreness of the throat in the morning. 

57 .Sensation as of a foreign substance in the throat, requiring 

it to be frequently cleared, with painful deglutition, in 
the afternoon, [v] 

58 .Constricted and rough feeling in the throat, it feels 

swollen, [v] 

59 .Constant desire to swallow, from a sense of constriction in 

throat, [v] 

60 .Stringy mucus in the the throat, detached with difficulty. 

61 .Throat and nasal organs filled with an offensive, tenacious 

mucus, detached with difficulty. 

62 .Dryness of the throat. 

63 .Dry, sore feeling in the pharynx, as when one has taken 

cold, succeeded by difficult deglutition. 

64 .Semi-lancinating pain in right side of the throat, near the 

tonsil. 
°Ulceration of the fauces. 
°Aphthous tonsillitis. 

TASTE AND APPETITE. 

65 .Taste bitter and nauseous. 

66 .Taste foul, with offensive breath. 

67 .Feeling of fullness in the digestive organs, as if food was 

slowly digested. 

68 . Craving r , unnatural appetite, with feeling of fullness in the 

stomach, as after a hearty meal.[vv\ [primary] 

69 .Appetite for breakfast impaired. 

70 .Complete loss of appetite, but with a feeling of fullness 

and repletion in the abdomen, [v] [secondary] 

71 .Strong desire for acids. 

GASTRIC DERANGEMENTS. 

72 .Nauaea, followed by heavy headache. 

73 .Empty eructations, relieving the pressure in the stomach 

for a short time only. 

74 .Heartburn, with water-brash. 

HEPATIC SYMPTOMS. 

75 .Dull pain in the region of the liver. 



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14 PATHOGENESIS OF MYRICA CERIFEBA. 

76 .Complete jaundice, with bronze-yellow skin, loss of appe- 

tite ; fullness in the stomach and abdomen ; scanty, 
yellow, frothy urine ; loose, mushy, clay-colored (or 
straw-colored) stools, destitute of bile, much debility, 

• and drowsiness almost amounting to stupor. 

[This jaundice was not relieved by Podophyllum, Leptan- 
dra, Nux vomica, Arsenicum, or Mercurius dulcis, but 
was speedily removed by Digitalis ^th dil.] 
*" Black jaundice." 

STOMACH AND ABDOMEN. 

77 .Distress in the stomach after dinner. 

78 .Acidity of the stomach. 

79 .Severe pain in the stomach. 

80 .Weak, sinking, feeling in the epigastrium, approaching nau- 

sea, increased after eating, relieved by rapid walking, [v] 

81 .Vomiting, with heat in the stomach. 

82 .Severe griping pains about the stomach, followed by 

83 .Empty eructations, [v] 

84 .Stinging, cramp-like sensation in left prae-cardial region, 

under the ribs. 

85 .Griping pressure in stomach, extending to a place to the 

left of the navel. 

86 .Grumbling pain in the bowels, in afternoon. 

87 .Griping pain in bowels, ai night, followed, in the morning 

by loose stool, with tenesmus. 

88 .Colic-like pains in umbilical region, in a small spot, with 

accumulation of flatus,and passage of offensive flatus.\y] 

89 .Constant, unusual rumbling in abdomen, above the navel. 

90 .Griping pain in region of umbilicus, with rumbling. 

91 .Weak, taintish feeling about the bowels, as when one has 

diarrhoea. 

* The icteric symptoms of Myrica are undoubted. Dr. Walker proved the drug under my 
own observation. By reference to the two proviugs made by him, it will be seen that during 
the nr*t proving he had '* drowsiness, with heavy frontal morning headache, yellowness of the 
eyes, scantiness of urine, and light -colored feces," — all the premonitory symptoms of jaundice. 
At this point the medicine was suspended, and the above symptoms disappeared. At the next 
proving the same symptoms recuired, but this time were kept up by the action of the drug until 
complete jaundice obtained. This jaundice, I believe, was owing to suspended secretion, and 
not to obstruction. Had the latter condition been the cause of the jaundice, critical discharges 
of black, tarry matters would have been noticed, whereas, in this case, the fiece**, undei the action 
of Digitalis, gradually resumed a healthy color and appearance, and the same change occurred 
in the condition of the urine. Jaundice appears to be a secondary effect of Myrica ; conse- 
quently when used as a curative agent in that disease, the lower attenuations will be best indi- 
cated, a. 



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PATHOGENESIS OF MTRICA CERIFERA. 15 

STOOL AND ANUS. 

92 .Loose stool, after dinner, with pain and tenesmus. 

93 .Sensation as of approaching diarrhoea, followed by small, 

costive discharges and griping, colic-like pains. 

94 .Constant discharge of flatus when walking. 

95 .In a. m. felt as though diarrhoea would occur, followed by 

weakness about the bowels, with urging and pressing, 
without stool. 

96 .Constipation, after previous loose stools. 

97 .Soft, copious, papescent stool, attended by tenesmus and 

cramp-like sensation in umbilical region. 

98 .Urging to stool, with no other result than the expulsion of 

a great amount of flatus. 

99 .Excessive flatulence, in p. m., with frequent rumbling, as if 

diarrhoea would set in.[v] 

100 .Stool nearly natural in consistency, but lighter colored. 

101 .Loose, light-colored stool, growing lighter-colored daily, until 

it became ash-colored and destitute of bile. 
° Chronic diarrhoea. °Diarrhoea of consumptives. 

SEXUAL 0RGAN8. 

MALE. 

102 .Amorous dreams, with emission of semen (this never 

occurred to the prover before.) 
°Chronic gonorrhoea. 

Female— (None yet' obtained). 

°Leucorrhoea, excoriating, foetid, thick and yellowish, [t] 
(of several years' duration.) 

URINARY ORGANS. 

103 .Sharp, plunging pain in region of the left kidney. 

104 .Difficulty of urinating ; the bladder seemed to lack con- 

tractive expelling power. 

105 .Copious flow of limpid urine, [v] [primary effect] 

106 .Urine deposits a light- colored sediment. 

107 .Light-brownish-colored sediment. 

108 .Urine darker than usual, — grows darker every day, until 

it is a deep brownish-yellow, [secondary effect] 

109 .A pinkish-brown sediment in the urine. 



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16 PATHOGENESIS OF MYRICA CERIFERA. 

110 .Scanty, high-colored urine, saturated with the coloring mat- 

ter of the bile. 

111 .Frothy, high-colored urine — (froth yellow). 

RESPIRATORY ORGANS. 

112 .Smarting in larynx and trachea. 

113 .Pain in the left Jung. 

114 .Dull pain in right lung, middle lobe, lasting a few minutes. 

115 .Constriction in the chest when lying on the left side in 

bed, with such increase of the impulse of the heart that 
its pulsations were audible. 

116 .Sharp pain in the region of the heart. 

°Cough, very much aggravated by talking. °Tickling 
cough, at night, on lying down. °Congh, with profuse 
expectoration. °Chronic bronchitis. 

BACK AND NECK. 

117 .Dull, aching pain in lumbar region, all day.[v] 

118 .Dull pain under both shoulder blades. 

119 .Sensation of warmth along the whole spine, particularly 

between the shoulder blades. 

120 .Pain in the back of the neck.[vx] 

121 .Dull dragging pain in small of the back.[v] 

122 .Pain under left scapulae. 

UPPER EXTREMITIES. 

123 .Lancinating pain in left axilla. 

124 .Pain (tearing) in left arm, between shoulder and elbow.[v] 

125 .Pain in third and little finger of left hand.[v] 

126 .Severe pain in shoulder and arm, extending to little finger. 

127 .Right arm felt lame and heavy, particularly about the 

wrist joint. 

128 .Dull aching pain in all the extremities. 

LOWER EXTREMITIES. 

129 .Soreness of the muscles of both thighs. 

130 .Trembling and aching in calves of the legs ; worse in 

the left. 

131 .Sharp, shooting pain in right thigh, followed by a similar 

pain in left thigh. 



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PATHOGENESIS OP MYRICA CERIFERA. 17 

132 .Sharp, piercing pain at the inner side of left knee joint. 

133 .Soreness and pain in the left tendo-Achillis, worse on 

pressure and motion. 

134 .Severe pain midway between the knee and ankle, a little 

outside of the tibia ; a contractive pain, with soreness 
to the touch, changing to a burning ; worse on motion. 

135 .Pain in the hollow of the right foot. 

136 .Burning in the soles of the feet. 

137 .Bruised pain in heel of left foot. 

138 .Coldness of lower extremities, with pain from knees 

downward. 

SKIN. 

139 .Itching and stinging sensation on the skin of the face, 

neck, shoulder, fore arm, aud right leg. 

140 .Persistent itching in different parts, worse near the point 

of insertion of the deltoid muscles, in both arms. 

141 .Itching of the face, giving way to creeping sensation, as 

of insects. 

142 .Yellowness of the skin of the whole body. 

SLEEP. 

143 .Restless night, with tossing about. 

144 .Waking with dull frontal headache.[vv] 

145 .Waking in a gloomy state of mind, unrefreshed. 

146 .Sleep disturbed at night ; bad dreams and frequent waking. 

147 .Drowsiness, with and after headache, [vv] 

148 .Falls asleep in her chair, in the daytime, (an unusual 

occurrence). 

149 .Dreams of enormous bugs, which attacked his head, and 

which he killed with much difficulty. 

150 .Sleeplessness, with exhilaration of nervous system, in 

evening. 

FEVER, PULSE AND HEART. 

151 .Warmth along the whole spine, especially between the 

shoulders, followed by chill, gentle perspiration, more 
perceptible over the dorsal vertebrae. 

152 .Chilliness upon going out of doors, with aohing pain in 

the lumbar region. 
8 

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18 PATHOGENESIS OF MYRICA CER1FERA. 

153 .Savere chill, with quivering sensation in calf of right leg. 

154 .Feverish acceleration of the pulse, attaining its height 

about 4 o'clock. 

155 .Excited, feverish feeling, alternating with chilliness, at 10 

o'clock p. M., with pain in the lumbar region. 
153 .Feeling of feverishness, while the pulse was at 60. 

157 .Pulse 51, feeble and irregular. 

158 .Impulse of heart's action increased, but the number of 

pulsations diminished to sixty per minute, (ordinary 
pulse 75 to 80). 

159 .Increased pulsation, and audible beating of the heart when 

lying in bed. on left side. 
°Night sweats — in phthisis. 

GENERALITIES. 

160 ..General malaise, and feeling of unfitness for duty. 

161 .General languor, with depression of spirits. 

162 .Weak, sick feeling; every kind of exertion was irksome. 

163 .Shifting pains. 

164 .General muscular lameness and soreness, affecting chiefly 

the lower limbs. 

165 .Staggering gait, with confusion of thought and purpose 

in the head. 
°Great debility. 

CONDITIONS. 

Worse by the warmth of the bed — disturbing sleep. 
Better when moving, and in open air (gastric symptoms). 
Left side predominantly affected. 
' The headache worse when stooping or moving. 
Digitalis removed the hepatic symptoms. 



9&* The February number will contain provings, &c, of 
Polyporus officinalis, by W. H. Burt, M. D. 



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©Ihiical P$M&atijfii$. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
APOOYNUM CANNABINUJff. 

BT A. LINDSAY, M. D., LACOMA, K. H. 



Dr. Lindsay sends the following report of the use of Apoc. 
can., in his own case : 

" I had a very severe haemorrhage from the lungs some eleven 
years ago, raising more or less, some 12 or 14 times during 
four or five days. It was then some four months before I could 
talk aloud, but by leaving the city (Roxbury, Mass.,) and 
coming up among the New Hampshire hills, I have kept along 
and done a good deal of work, with a few slight attacks, till 
last fall. I was taken without any warning a few days after 
returning from a journey to New York and Philadelphia, the 
blood almost pouring out to the amount of half-pint ; 
this was about 8 a. m.. At 10, another attack, in which I 
raised something more than a half-pint ; at 6 p. m., and 9 in 
the evening, two more attacks, each time about half-pint. I 
had taken Aeon., Ham., China, Senecio gra., Oil erigeron, etc, 
with only temporary relief. After the fourth attack I told my 
wife that I could not live through many more turns, and to 
prepare some of the Apoc. cann. 1st, and have it ready to give 
if I should have another attack. About 6 o'clock next morning 
it commenced as furious as ever. I took the Apoc. can. every 
few minutes ; it began to check at once, and by the time I had 
raised halt* the usual quantity, it had ceased entirely, with no 
return since. I continued to take it occasionally tor a few 
days, till I began to feel the vital powers returning. I also 
applied cloths wet in strong Arnica tincture externally for a 
week or two. I could seem to feel the effect of the Apocynum 
in one minute after taking the first dose, and I think it had 
wonderful power at that time. 

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SO APOCYNUM CANNABINUM. 

Dr. L. writes, Oct. 18, 1867 : " When I was writing to you 
before, I did not think of writing out my case for publication 
then, or I would have written it a little more carefully ; but 
was intendiug to ask you if you had used the Apocynum can- 
nabinum, or knew of its being used in haemorrhage of the 
lungs, but forgot to ask the question. These are the facts. 

" I knew it was a desperate case, and the remedy which had 
heretofore controlled those attacks, and others suggested by my 
partner, Dr. Weeks, had no effect. I have been treating a case 
since I wrote you, of a young man of a consumptive family, 
who has had several attacks of haemorrhage. He has been 
treated by an allopathic physician, but as he seemed to be fail- 
ing, they changed the treatment. Apocynum cannabinum was 
one of the principal remedies I gave him. He commenced to 
improve immediately. Although he was raising a little dark- 
colored, dirty-looking matter, every day, it gradually decreased, 
and became whiter, 'till now he is about, quite comfortable. 

"I have used many of the ' New Remedies/ for several years ; 
so has Dr. Weeks, often with striking results. We will try 
and give you an item occasionally/' 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
CANCER. 

BT W. H. BURT, H. D., OP LINCOLN, ILL. 



An interesting case of ihis malignant disease has just ter- 
minated fatally in a young lady of this place, aged 18 years, 
a report of which I think ought to be given to the profession. 

Last November I was called to prescribe for her for the fol- 
lowing symptoms : Ten months since menstruation ceased. 
Although she has lived with a physician and had constant 
medical care, has not been able to bring on a return of the 
menses. Has no pain or any untoward symptom, excepting a 
constant diarrhoea of mucus, sometimes mixed with blood ; 
she has no pain attending stool ; some days has as many as 
twenty stools a day. She looks pale and anaemic ; tempera- 
ment nervous. I thought the case was colitis, with enough of the 

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CANCER. SI 

scrofulous element to so effect the whole system as to put a stop to 
menstruation. Prescribed Sulphur, 3d dec. for one week. My 
next visit, I learned through her grandmother, that she had a 
tumor in her groin as large as a goose-egg, but could not get 
the privilege to examine it ; she said it felt hard and move- 
able. I now knew why she did not menstruate, the grand 
difficulty being in the ovaries. Gave Pulsatilla one week ; no 
change in her diarrhoea or any other way. Gave Apis m. two 
weeks, with no benefit. Arsenicum 30th two weeks ; no change 
for the better. She now passed out of my hands into that of an 
old school physician. He treated her three months, with 
no better success than I had ; but she now was so weak she 
was compelled to keep her bed. When I left her she was 
teaching school. The last month he treated her she allowed 
him to examine the tumor. His diagnosis was that the uterus 
was badly retroverted. 

I was now called again to take charge of the case. Upon a 
careful examination I found the peritoneum greatly distended 
with fluid. A movable tumor in the right groin, about Ihe 
size of my fist, which I claimed to be the right ovary ; a small 
tumor in the left groin, which I took to be the uterus pressed 
to the left side, or the left ovary, I could not tell. This could 
not be moved. My diagnosis to the lady was ovarian tumor, 
and medicine could not remove it, but there was some hope 
that a surgical operation would prolong her life. I subse- 
quently found a small, hard, scirrhus tumor in the left breast, 
about the size of the end of my thumb. I was now fearful 
that the whole thing was cancer, and informed the lady that 
an operation had not better be attempted ; but I had said too 
much, she had made up her mind to have an operation per- 
formed. 

Dr. D. Prince, of Jacksonville, Ills., was now sent for to'perform 
the operation of ovariotomy. He came and placed the patient 
under the influence of chloroform, and made a rigid examina- 
tion of the tumor, per vagina and rectum, as well as abdominal. 
He disagreed with me in the diagnosis, and said the case was 
not ovarian at all, but a genuine case of malignant cancer 
of the womb. Also what I had taken for dropsy of the 



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#g CANCER. 

peritoneum, was nothing but flatus. I make these statements 
to show how doctors will differ. He of course decided against 
an operation, and the poor girl awoke to hear the decision that 
the case was cancerous, and death (that f greatest blessing God 
has bestowed upon man,) sooner or later, was the inevitable 
result. I now watched the case for seven months. Gave 
Arsenicum, Hydrastis, Phytolacca, etc., but none of the 
remedies did the least good ; the 200th, 30th, 6th, 3d, and 
crude article were all tried faithfully. The diarrhoea was, if 
anything, worse. There were stools every night, about every 
half hour ; not so often in the day time. The distention of 
the bowels became enormous, which compelled her to sit up in 
bed the last four months of her^life. She now took morphine 
once a day, which kept her quite easy, and the^diarrhoea was 
so much checked that cathartics had to be given ^>nce a week 
to open her bowels. The tumor filled the whole pelvis, so that 
a syringe could not be used. During the whole^disease she at 
nn time suffered from acute pain, but vomited a great deal, so 
much so that I expected her stomach was implicated. Arseni- 
cum would control this until the last month. She became a 
living skeleton as it were. Death finally closed the scene, after 
twenty months of suffering. 

Autopsy ten hours after death. I being away, the privilege 
of holding the post-mortem examination, which she had 
requested, was granted to an allopath, with six invited physi- 
cians. I came in time to witness the autopsy. To the great 
indignation of the allopaths, on opening the peritoneum it was 
found to contain about twelve quarts of a thick, dark, watery 
fluid, Dr. Prince, to the contrary, notwithstanding ; the right 
ovary was about the size of a man's two fists, oblong in shape, 
and weighed four pounds ; left ovary about the size of a small 
goose-egg, and about its shape ; the uterus, about the natural 
size, excepting the os, which was slightly hypertrophied and in a 
decided scirrhous condition. Both ovaries were largely adherent 
to the walls of the abdomen ; it was a difficult task to separate 
them. Bladder natural. They all were removed together, and I 
have them now preserved in my office. The rectum and 
ascending colon- was in a schirrhus condition. About three 



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CATARRHU8 ^SSTIVUS. gS 

inches from the anus the rectum had ulcerated off. This ex- 
plains why I could not check the diarrhoea. The omentum 
was one cancerous mass ; also the spleen was greatly effected, 
being almost one solid scirrhus tumor. I regret I did not get 
it for preservation. The peritoneum was studded with small 
cancerous tumors ; kidneys were healthy, and so was the liver ; 
The heart and lungs were not examined. The principal portion 
of the ovaries seemed to be of a hard fibrous nature, the 
balance made up of numerous cysts, filled with a thick 
gelatinous, yellowish substance. 

This case has several points of interest attached to it. First, 
the history of the patient's relatives. As far as could be traced, 
not one had ever had cancer, showing that it was not hereditary. 
Second, that she should die so young with cancer oi the 
ovaries and its appendages. Third, that four physicians should 
all disagree in their opinions. I yielded at once to Dr. Prince's 
diagnosis, thinking that a man with such a wide- spread reputa- 
tion could not err easily, but I found my judgment to be the 
nearest right of any ; in fact it was a true diagnosis. Dr. 
Prince was right in calling it cancer of the uterus, but wrong 
in excluding the ovaries — the main organs diseased. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
CATABRHTJS JESTIVTTS. 

BT 0. W. BOYCE, M. D., AUBURN, B. T. 



MeC, in a former number of the Observer, asks for 
assistance in the treatment of Catarrhus ^Estivus or hay 
fever. "Be pleased to suggest something for present use," 
says McC., like a hungry man at 11 A. M., asking tor lunch to 
stay his stomach until dinner time. Well, McC, here is a 
small slice "for present use." 

Mrs. D. M. O., a lady of 40 years, who has had " rose cold,'' 
44 hay fever," etc., for several years, even to the prohibition of 
having a rose in the house, and all through the summer (1866) 
she was constantly sneezing and blowing her nose, applied, to me 

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S4 ROBINIA IN ACIDITY OF THE STOMACH. 

last summer (1866) for a prescription. Knowing the obstinacy of 
some of these colds, I took down "The Symptomen Codex," and 
transcribed all the symptoms of sneezing, coryza, and their con- 
comitants, on blank paper, and then compared them, and under 
Sabadilla I found the following symptom, which was the prom- 
inent one in her case : " *Lachrymation — when walking in the 
open air, when looking at a bright light, when coughing or yawn- - 
ing." Mrs.0.had all the other symptoms bad, but this one trans- 
cribed was the only one that was characteristic, " or that dis- 
tinguished it from all other cases of a like character." I sent 
one powder of Sacc. lac, in which were six pellets of Sabad., 
200th of Jenichen, to be dissolved in six spoi/nfuls of water, of 
which one spoonful was to be taken every four hours until all 
was used. The next day Mrs. O. rode up to my door and 
asked for some more ot the very same medicine. She had not 
sneezed that morning. 

To-day I have inquired whether Mrs. O. has had any return 
of her complaint, but I am assured that she has not, and what 
is further, she now has flowers and roses constantly in her 
House. I don't know whether Sabadilla has ever been used 
for " hay fever" before or since, certainly not in my ex- 
perience or knowledge. 

By the way, the symptom on which was based the prescrip- 
tion is under the section belonging to the "eyes." 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 

Bobinia Pseudo-Acacia in Acidity of the Stomach. 

BT R. C. 8MBDLIT, M. D., WEST CHESTER, PA. 



On July 3d I was called on to prescribe for a young man 
who had been troubled for four months with acidity of the 
stomach. The food, soon after eating, would turn sour. 
There was constant feeling in the stomach, of weight, ful- 
ness and tension. Eructations were accompanied by a sour 
liquid, with at times, portions of ingesta. Burning pain in 
stomach and between scapula"; thirst ; constant frontal head- 
ache ; water taken before retiring at night, would be returned 

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EOBINIA IN ACIDITY OP THE STOMACH. 25 

in the morning green and sour. Prescribed for the first time 
Eobinia pseudo-acacia in about one-third drop doses of the 
tincture — a powder half an hour before each meal, and at any 
other time when he would experience the sourness after eating. 
Saw him nearly two weeks after, when he told me the medi- 
cine corrected the derangement promptly, and he was then 
better than he had been for several months. I have since 
given it to other cases of the same character, and thus far 
always with like results. It has been more prompt and effi- 
cient in my hands in relieving, or even curing, the sour re- 
gurgitations of infants, than any other remedy I have hitherto 
employed. 

On July 29th, was called to see Mrs. R., with the follow- 
ing symptoms, produced, or excited, by inhaling Carbolic 
acid : Severe frontal headache, particularly over left eye, 
pain tearing and lancinating, producing total blindness, 
momentarily, during the severest paroxysms ; head cold, with 
coldness over entire body ; burning in stomach, with eructa- 
tions and vomiting of a sour, acrid, greenish liquid, copious 
frothy ptyalism ; she would saturate several handkerchiefs 
within half an hour ; pain and coldness between scapula, as 
if ice were placed there. Not having Eobinia with me, I 
gave Merc, v., 3d trit., every two hours. Next day, no ameliora- 
tion of the symptoms, except that the vomiting was at longer 
intervals. Gave then Eobinia tincture in water, every three 
hours. All the symptoms abated for a few days, till the sour- 
ness of stomach and ptyalism were entirely removed, when 
Eobinia seemed to do no further good. Nux and Podophyllum 
completed the cure. 

The above symptoms, she told me, were invariably produced 
whenever she inhaled the odors of either Carbolic acid or 
Kreosote, and as invariably she did not recover from the attacks 
under a month ; with the present treatment she resumed her 
domestic labors in ten days. The results from the administra- 
tion of the tincture have been so satisfactory that I have not 
yet tried the efficacy of higher preparations. 



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gtrrjjitat Qtfuiwnt. 



BUSHROD W. JAMES, M. D., Philadelphia, Editor. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
IMPORTANCE' OF MINOR SURGERT. 



How natural it is for the human mind to grasp, before it is 
properly qualified, at the accomplishment of objects that appear 
to it grand and difficult of performance. 

The young surgeon lured with the eclat that attends the per- 
formance of capital operations, and prompted by aspirations of 
gaining a reputation as a great operator, by a sudden stroke, too 
frequently neglects the minutiae of general surgery and devotes 
his attention almost exclusively to these apparently grand dis- 
plays of surgical art. What is the result ? He feels himself 
continually embarrassed until he really learns by practice that 
the smaller details are equally of use to him in his daily rounds 
of practice as the knowledge of the major operations. He for- 
gets that he cannot be considered a good general surgeon until 
he acquires practical information with regard to these important 
minor items. 

The proper and neat application of a roller or dressing, the 
setting of a fracture, the reduction of a dislocation, the replac- 
ing of a tendon displaced from its natural groove, or returning 
an articular cartilage, which has slipped, back to its normal 
position in the joint, and the performance of catheterism of the 
urethra and the eustachian tube, as well as many other mani- 
pulations that come under the head of minor surgery, it is 
requisite for him to thoroughly acquaint himself with, for even 
the medical practitioner residing a distance from surgical help 
is called upon to perform them continually himself. 

Otherwise his reputation, fair as it may become, will be 
tarnished, if in the presence of physicians who make no preten- 

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IMPORTANCE OF MINOR SURGERY £7 

tions to surgery he cannot make a bandage fit smoothly, or 
cannot diagnose and reduce a displaced semi-lunar cartilage of 
the knee joint, or cannot amputate a phalanx of a finger with- 
out missing the joint and cutting for his first incision far up 
upon the knuckle and making a bungling operation, or with 
flaps too small to cover the exposed bone. 

I have known instances where a fibro-cartilage of the knee 
has been thrown from its situation by a sudden twist of the 
limb and caught between a condyle of the femur and the 
superior edge of the tibia, and the case entirely mistaken, and 
the sufferer permittee}, to go limping and hobbling around for 
days and weeks, when by a correct diagnosis of the case, and a 
momentary manipulation, he might at once have been sent on 
his way rejoicing, with a straight sound member, at the first 
interview with his professional adviser. 

From a misstep or twist of the interior extremity, a man in 
perfect health becomes suddenly lame, and he imagines he has 
sprained his knee. No swelling of the joint occurs, unless some 
contusion has resulted to the parts, and while he remains in 
the sitting posture, with the limb flexed, no uneasiness is felt, 
but as soon as he stands erect and attempts to walk, he finds it 
very uncomfortable to him, as well as being unable to walk with- 
out lameness and considerable stiffness of the joint. Is it remedied 
by local applications or the internal use of drugs ? No ; far 
from it. It must have mechanical treatment, and I know of 
no better plan for its relief than the one proposed by Mr. Hey 
many years ago. 

I have used it ever since I have been in practice with perfect 
success, and can testify to its being an excellent plan. Many 
cases of the kind occur in our city — the habit many men in this 
place have of getting off the city passenger cars, while the car is in 
motion, being a fruitful source of the injury. Hey placed " his 
patient upon an elevated seat, having nothing underneath 
it which could prevent the leg from being pushed backwards 
towards the posterior part of the thigh, and then extending 
the joint by the assistance of one hand placed just above the 
knee, while with the other hand he grasped the leg. During 
the continuance of the extension he suddenly moved the leg 
backwards that it might make as acute an angle with the thigh 

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28 IMPORTANCE OF MINOR SURGERY 

as possible. Immediately after this simple operation his 
patients were in general able to walk without much inconven- 
ience, and the joint soon gained its natural condition." I grasp 
the joint with my left hand and make pressure with my 
fingers and thumb each side of the joint at the side of the 
patella, and catching the lower part of the leg with my right 
hand swing it backwards and forwards a few times, and then 
throw it quickly all the way back as far as it will go. If one 
attempt is unsuccessful, I repeat it until the cartilage is 
dislodged and reduced. 

A similar error in diagnosis it not unfrequently made with 
regard to a displacement of the long head of the biceps flexor 
cubiti muscle from the bicipital groove in the head of the 
humerus. A jerk or twist of the arm will sometimes loosen 
the tendon from its sheath and throw it up over the edge of 
the bony sulcus where it is retained, causing extreme pain, 
together with impairing the movements of the joint. A dislo- 
cation of the humerus is at once conjectured by the uninformed 
practitioner, and with the ordinary extension of the wrist and 
counter-extension in the axilla the limb is pulled and the 
patient tortured without avail, whereas if the biceps had been 
relaxed by flexing the fore-arm, and the humerus had been 
rotated and moved inwards and outwards, while the finger and 
thumb of one hand placed over the head of the bone each side 
of the groove pressed the tendon in towards the direction of 
canal, it would have slipped in, and the lameness and suffering 
would at once have been relieved. 

The tendon of the peroneus longus muscle may likewise be 
thrown out of its groove in the external malleolus and cause 
loss of power in the ankle, or a tendon passing over the meta- 
carpophalangeal articulation may slip from its natural situation 
and cause pain and loss of use of that joint, but the same prin- 
ciple, that of relaxation ot the tendon and lateral pressure 
thereon, will remedy the accident. 

For the removal of foreign bodies that may become lodged 
in the external meatus of the ear, the hasty practitioner will 
commence with his forceps to remove it and most likely thrust 
them against the object and do serious mischief by rupturing 
the delicate membrana tympani, when in all probability by 



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IMPORTANCE OF MINOR SURGERY. £9 

throwing a fine stream of water into the meatus by means of an 
ear syringe, it would have been instantly dislodged and re- 
moved. For removing a living insect from the meatus which 
causes intense pain when it has crept in and moves about 
against the drum membrana, the same management will apply, 
or if a syringe is not at hand, the patient's head might be turned 
to the opposite side and the meatus filled with oil or water and 
in a majority of instances the offender will quickly find its way 
to the surface of the fluid and thus out of the ear. 

What an insignificant matter is the spraining of a joint, and 
yet an improperly managed accident of this kind to the ankle 
or wrist may permanently impair the usefulness of the joint, 
and both the sufferer and the practitioner have cause to exclaim 
ere recovery takes place, how unfortunate that the limb was not 
broken instead of the occurrence of this troublesome strain — the 
same having in all probability been aggravated into a serious 
case by the patient continuing to use the joint. It is in fact 
good practice, to bind up at once, the joint and part of the 
limb, in many cases of sprains, and compel rest for a season, 
the same as though a fracture had occurred. 

A surgeon must always adapt himself to circumstances and 
make use of anything at hand to subserve his purpose, Dr, 
Physick, who was in his day a celebrated surgeon of Philadel- 
phia, used for a stomach pump an arrangement which every 
physician has at command — a flexible catheter of large size as 
the stomach tube, and a common syringe as the pump. Un- 
handy as if might now appear in the light of modern improve- 
ments, it nevertheless answered well the purpose of extracting 
fluid and soluble poisons from the stomach. 

Every medical man is expected to understand well the minor 
part of surgery and certainly it is none the less the duty of the 
general surgeon to be ever ready to perform any and every 
manipulation or operation that may present itself or the 
emergency may require, from the manufacture of a temporary 
fracture splint to the most delicate operation in major sur- 
gery. B. W. J. 



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SO NEW MODES OF TREATING WOUNDED AND INCISED SURFACES. 

[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 

New Modes of Treating Wounded and Incised Surfaces. 



As there has lately been introduced in Europe some new 
forms of treating wounds, I will here call attention to them. 
Some extracts from Braithwaite's Retrospect for July, 1867, 
will explain the first, as follows : 

1. STYPTIC FLUID TREATMENT. 

" The fluid named by Dr. Richardson « Styptic Colloid,' is 
a compound fluid which is at one and the same time a styptic, 
an antiseptie, and a complete means of excluding wounded, 
abraded, or ulcerated parts of the body from the influence of 
the external air." 

As now used, it is " a mere solution capable of being kept 
on the table as gum is kept, and of being applied with a soft 
brush in the same simple way." 

The process of manufacture of the fluid is tedious, but suffi- 
ciently easy. The object to be aimed at is to saturate ether 
entirely with tannin, and a collodial substance, Xylodine or 
gun-cotton. In the first step of the process, the tannin, 
rendered as pure as it can be, is treated with absolute alcohol, 
and is made to digest in the alcohol for several days. Then 
the ether, also absolute, is added until the whole of the thick 
alcoholic mixture is rendered quite fluid. Next the collodial 
substance is put in until it ceases readily to dissolve. For the 
sake of its very agreeable odor, a little tincture of benzoin is 
finally admixed. 

The solution is now ready for use. It can be applied directly 
with a brush, or, mixed with equal quantities of ether, it can 
be applied in the form of spray. In order to give to the fluid 
a short name by which it may be known, I have called it 
' styptic colloid.' 

Properties, — When the solution is brought into contact with 
an open surface of the body, the resultant phenomena are 
these : The heat of the body gradually volatilises the ether and 
the alcohol, and the tannin and cotton, as the ether leaves 
them, are thus left stranded on the surface in intimate com- 
bination. In proportion as the ether passes off, the blood 
or the secretion of the surface permeates the tannin and cot- 
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NEW MODES OP TREATING WOUNDED AND INCISED SURFACES. SI 

ton ; but tannin acts directly upon albumen, coagulating it, 
and transforming it into a kind of membrane, almost like 
leather, The cotton meanwhile unites the whole, gives Bub- 
stance to the mass, and adhesive quality. When all is solidi- 
fied, the dressing becomes, in fact, a concrete, having a true 
organic hold or basis on the tissues ; and as the tannin, if the 
solution be freely applied, is in excess, any new exudative 
matter or blood is for several hours taken up by it, and the 
annealing is made the more complete. 

Thus, by this dressing, the air is excluded from every possi- 
ble point in every possible direction, not by a mere septum, 
but by the combination of the animal fluids with the remedy ; 
and because the air is excluded and fluid is absorbed, there is 
no decomposition — i. e., no oxidation ; and because there is 
no oxidation, there is no irritation." 

For illustrating its application.—" Suppose this to be an 
open wound, the two flaps of an amputation. I close it with 
silk ligature in five places. This done, I take a little cotton- 
wool, tease it out finely in a wine glass, and saturate it with 
the styptic solution. Next, with a soft camel-hair brush, I 
apply the solution freely over the closed wound, letting it lie 
between the edges. If blood exude, it simply combines with 
the solution, making a mass much like red wax. I lay on the 
solution also for a little distance beyond the wound, and wait 
a few moments to allow for the evaporation of ether. Next 
I take from the wineglass the saturated cotton-wool with 
forceps, and lay a seam of it half an inch wide and the eighth 
of an inch in thickness over the line of incision. Finally, I 
coat the whole over with another layer of the solution, wait 
until the layer is nearly dry, cover with a little dry cotton, 
and, if pressure be necessary, carry over the whole a bandage. 

If time is a matter of importance, the evaporation of 
the fluid can be hastened by gentle blowing with the warm 
breath over the solution as each layer of it is applied with the 
brush. 

Presuming that a cavity has to be treated, the fluid is often 
more neatly and handily used as spray. Thus in treating the 
roof of the mouth for carious bone, or in plugging a -bleeding 

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$8 NEW MODE OP TREATING WOUNDED AND INCISED SURFACES. 

alveolar cavity after extraction of a tooth, the spray is excel- 
lent. We begin in such a case by applying the spray direct 
to the bleeding surface, and when a layer of deposit is formed 
we use that as a foundation for a thin layer of cotton-wool 
ready saturated in the solution. Then we re-apply the spray, 
and again cotton, until the whole operation is complete. 

For bleeding or foetid discharge from the uterus or vagina 
the spray is not advisable, because of the introduction of air. 
Here injection by the syringe is the best process, followed, if 
need be, by a plug of cotton-wool saturated with the solution. 

In cases of compound fracture, after the parts have been 
brought into apposition as far as is possible and fixed in the 
necessary position, the fluid should be poured slowly into the 
open cavity so as to fill it. Then the parts externally should 
be covered with a layer of cotton-wool saturated with the solu- 
tion. 

On open cancer, and on suppurating or decomposing sur- 
faces, the solution may be freely applied with the brush, and 
afterwards the parts may be covered with cotton-wool saturated 
with the fluid." 

2. — ANTISEPTIC TREATMENT. 

While in Europe during the past summer, I had the oppor- 
tunity of observing some other plans of treating the soft parts 
when a solution of continuity has resulted from any cause. I 
gave an account of these to our county society on my return, 
and as they are of some interest I will here note two of them. 
The first was the antiseptic treatment with Carbolic acid, which 
Prof. Lister had introduced into the Glasgow Eoyal Infirmary, 
Scotland. In a compound fracture for instance, the pure fluid 
carbolic acid was first used, and as far as possible applied to 
every part of the lacerated surfaces by covering the external 
wound, and also pressing with the forceps deep into the wound 
a piece of lint saturated with the carbolic acid. A putty made 
of prepared chalk or whiting and boiled linseed oil — the oil 
having had previously added to it one part of carbolic acid to 
every four parts of the oil — was then rolled out into a thin 
cake and after being placed upon strong tin-foil supported 

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NEW MODE OF TREATING WOUNDED AND INCISED SURFACES. 33 

by adhesive plaster, or on sheet block-tin, was laid 
npon the wound, already covered and filled with the lint and 
saturated with the pure carbolic acid. The putty must extend 
some distance around the limb or injured part. The tin foil is 
then lapped over and fitted somewhat to the inequalities after 
which a roller can be applied, or a splint used, as the case 
may require. 

After about twenty-four hours has elapsed the wound is ex- 
amined, and a fresh application made to it, consisting of one 
part carbolic acid to four parts of boiled linseed oil, and then 
again covered with fresh putty and the tin foil as before — this 
last solution and lint is then permitted to remain on almost 
altogether unless it should become soiled by any discharge, in 
which case a rag dipped in the oil and acid mixture, is ready 
and slipped on to the wound instantly as the other is removed, 
the idea of so doing being to keep the air from coming much 
in contact with the wound. In the course of about three weeks 
or in some cases sooner, an oil and acid mixture made one-half 
or two-thirds weaker, by increasing the quantity of oil, is 
applied and continued until the bones are united and the 
external wound healed. The putty is changed daily. 

It is a remarkable fact that no suppuration of any amount 
takes place in this mode oi treatment. 

All contused and lacerated wounds were treated in the same 
way, and a very slight modification made for abcesses, the 
knife was wet with the mixture (carbolic acid one part to boiled 
linseed oil four parts) and plunged into the abcess, while a bit 
of lint saturated in the same fluid was slipped over as soon as 
the knife came out, and when the pus was all evacuated, the 
wound was covered as in other wounds and the same kind of 
putty used. 

Amputation flaps and other incised surfaces are first washed 
off with a solution of carbolic acid and water, one part of the 
former to about twenty of the latter, the flaps are then brought 
together and a linen or surgeon's lint covering dipped in the 
same solution is laid over the stump and the putty and tin 
foil as before described made to enclose the whole. 
5 

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Sj, NEW MODE OF TREATING WOUNDED AND INCISED SURFACES. 
3. — PNEUMATIC PRESSURE TREATMENT. 

This was a novel manner of managing amputation cases. I 
noticed it in the Hotel Dien, Paris, France. 

The apparatus consisted in a long cnp of gutta percha, one 
end being made of such 6ize and shape as to n't over and around 
the stump, and at the outer extremity made gradually tapering. 
A rubber tube extends from a small opening in the outer end 
oi the cup to a large bottle or jar and passes through its cork. 
Through the same cork passes another pliable tube, and one 
which has midway along its course a stop-cock attached, 
while the other end of this tube is arranged so as to fit on 
to an air pump. 

After an amputation, when the arteries are all ligated, and 
the hemorrhage has all ceased, the flaps are brought together 
and secured principally by adhesive strips (no sutures being 
used) and then this gutta percha cup, made so as to closely 
and neatly fit the limb, is slipped up over the stump for several 
inches. The air-pump is then applied to the free extremity of 
the outer tube, and the air then pumped out of the jar, and of 
course out of the gutta-percha stump-covering at the same 
time, and when the air is well exhausted the stop-cock can be 
turned and the tube detached from the air-pump. Any dis- 
charge that may result from the cut surfaces, runs down through 
the opening in the cup and passes through the tube into the 
glass bottle entirely away from the wound. 

The main feature in all these modes of treatment is the ex- 
clusion of atmospheric air from constant contact with the in- 
cised or torn tissues, thereby preventing, it is claimed, the 
development of the infinitesimal living organisms in the 
wound by keeping out the minute germs that it is supposed are 
always floating in the air. The main idea in these forms of 
treatment, the exclusion of the atmosphere, is a good one, and 
I have no doubt other means of accomplishing the same object 
will ere long be brought forth. Thus far the carbolic acid 
treatment seems to be the most reliable and successful one. 
If the mode of action of the carbolic acid, is, that of destroying 
these atmospheric germs or this germ power, in the wounds to 
which it is applied, it may play an important part in the treat- 
ment of contagious fevers by passing the air supplied to such 
patients and inhaled by them, through this chemical agent in 
some way or other. 

B. W. J. 



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Sitturi*. 



PROF. CONSTANTINE HERING'S INTRODUCTORY 

To Course of Lectures at Hahnemann College of Philadelphia, 1 867-68 



There was an old retired statesman in Holland, a man of standing, 
who in the year 1831 wrote a small but replete work containing a 
sketch of all the most important events, characterising the last sixty 
years of his life. Beginning 1770, six years before the new era in 
history, he pictured what had happened in the world siuce that time, 
from the Declaration of Independence to the French devolution, the 
conquering of Europe, the German wars against Napoleon, the Battle 
of Waterloo, fought very near his home, up to Napoleon's death on the 
Island of St. Helena. 

The author did not forget the principal power, the inward moving 
force, the sciences and arts. 

Speaking of medicine he showed how in that also one revolution 
followed the other, and one new system the other. He mentioned 
John Brown, who, like a rocket, shot up among the clouds, bursting 
and sending fire-balls, spreading a brilliant light in the 
dark night of medicine, to be followed by a greater darkness. 
Broussais, with his French centralisation, "all diseases are gastritis," 
and " the universal remedy leeches ;"' Rasori, the Italian, an altered 
Brown, proposing " contra-stimulus," and giving the most overwhelm- 
ing doses. Finally, our author speaks of the Organon of Hahnemann* 
As he was more or less opposed to all revolutions, conservative in the 
extreme, he objects to this too, but still allows, " at first sight this 
system seems to be very acceptable," 4I but as there are so many 
different diseases and thus a great many different drugs required, 
where vrill Hahnemann ever find so many healthy men, willing to 
submit to being made sick, merely from love of their fellow-men ?" 

How can you expect, he says, to find men willing to make them* 
selves sick, in order to be able to heal the sick ? 

That was his principal doubt, and it was a more cutting objection 
than all others thrown against Hahnemann, but, it did not do any 
harm. At the time he was writing this, only twenty years after 
Hahnemann published the first edition of his Organon, six volumes 
of his Materia Medica had been published already, and four volumes 
of his Anti-p8orics. Two volumes had been published by Hartlaub, 
and twenty-seveu numbers of the Archives had given, in each number, 
a new proved drug. 

The next objection to Hahnemann's Materia Medica had not much 
more sense or weight : " The healthy and the sick are entirely and 
altogether different. 11 " Effects of drugs on the healthy are of no 



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86 peof. heeing's inteoductoky 

use and cannot be applied to the sick." This is an absurdity 
throughout. The differences between the most healthy and the sick- 
est are gradual ones, therefore, a sharp line of division can nowhere 
be drawn. 

As soon as a healthy man is proving, he gets sick, and thus he 
belongs in so far to the sick. Why should we not have a right to 
compare the one suffering, from a drug, with another suffering from 
miasma or other influences ? 

A third grand objection was made, a monstrous one, — a real 
monster of an objection : 

14 Come out ye Homoeopathic men," they said, "and make a true in- 
termittent, make a scarlet fever, make a real disease, and we will 
come with our diagnostic instruments and examine." They supposed, 
of course, we did not understand their pathology, and were not able to 
make a diagnostic investigation. Of course it would be an easy thing 
to show, in each such case, if we would offer them as such, that they 
were not real intermittent, nor real scarlet fevers, etc. Strange infat- 
uation 1 we do not need their pathology, nor their instruments to 
obtain exactly objective characteristic diagnostics. We can do this 
ourselves, just as well as they. Why should we not have been able 
to learn what they have learned ? But the greatest absurdity in their 
objection lies herein : we have never pretended to make such 
diseases, we never did pretend to make diseases. Did we ever say 
we could make the plague, as the witches did in the middle ages ? 
Did we ever say we could make an epidemic Cholera Asiatica, as the 
stupid peasants in Russia believed, and in Italy still believe ? All 
that we ever pretended to find out and get by our provings was : a 
number of symptoms, resembling cases of sick men, not of diseases. 
Even Hahnemann in his first experiment did not say Cinchona 
powder had produced an intermittent fever. He very wisely said, 
it made such symptoms as I had been subject to before, when I 
suffered with the intermittent. 

A fourth objection has been made and has been repeated by a great 
number, has been echoed all over the land, has been such a powerful 
and persuasive one, that we hear it even in our midst, from our own 
friends up to this day. Our Materia Medica contains a great many 
symptoms, and a great many of them are uncertain, a great many even 
very doubtful, some decidedly false. Thus our Materia Medica is not 
pure, and it must be purified. 

This " uncertainty of symptoms" so much complained of, is not a 
thing we pretend to oppose ; this objection is not only allowed to them, 
but it is even granted that every single symptom of each prover 
may not be from the drug, but from something else. We do not 
think, do not dream of opposing it at all, we give up to it altogether and 
entirely. It was considered not worth while on our side to talk much 
about it, why should we ? Are not all human undertakings liable to 
error ? Why did Hahnemann so often and emphatically recommend 
the greatest care in proving ? He knew as well as any one of us, 
that observations are very often deceiving, even a master-mind may 



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prop, hering's introductory. 87 

be deceived, and may make an erroneous observation. Did not Hip- 
pocrates, 2,300 years ago, state in the first of his famous aphorisms : 
" Life is short, our art is long, the chances are transient ; trials very 
slippery, and judgment a difficult thing." 

Thus allowing all these objections, regarding the uncertainty, as 
based on a self-evident truth ; they may be raised by all our opponents 
and repeated in our midst, but they all fall down to the ground, like 
the above first objection of the old retired Hollander, for we are a great 
many years ahead of them, as we have a way to ascertain what is 
true. This very cry of uncertainty or impurity was raised further and 
particularly against symptoms quoted, taken out of old reports, books, 
etc.; neither Hahnemann nor any one of us laid much weight on any 
. of them. We can do without them ; let them all be stricken out, we 
do not care. The opponents in our midst dwell upon symptoms 
observed on the sick and call them impure ; they roll their eyes, 
like hypocrites, saying, Hahnemann used the word M. M. Pura, and 
he had no right to do it ; a single symptom taken from a sick man 
made all the rest impure. He used this word as it has been used by 
all philosophers and scientific men, meaning, free from guessing, 
but they use it now as the washerwomen use the word " clean." 

The more our Materia Medica became enlarged by observations, 
and the greater the difficulty in studying it, the more popular the 
cry became for purifying it ; and the more physicians were driven 
over to our side, the more enemies we had in our own camp. 

What is to bo said about these objections ? Regarding the uncer- 
tainty of the symptoms obtained by provers, it is true ; further, 
symptoms observed in sick persons are very uncertain, that is also 
true ; farther, symptoms taken out of old mouldy books, are still more 
doubtful, that is true ; in fact, all the objections raised against the 
collection called Materia Medica are true, every one of them. But 
what possesses our opponents and all their imitators within our own 
ranks, to imagine, that they tell us something new by making such 
objections ? How self-conceited they must be, to come out thus, 
like wiseacres, supposing we had not known all this long ago. Of 
course we did. It is a self-evident truth, that particularly in such 
experiments with drugs on the healthy, and still more on the 
sick, the symptoms may or may not be caused by the drug. 
Only the most shocking impudence, and as is usually the case, 
ignorance combined with it, could pretend to teach us, to correct us, 
to reprimand us, as if we were school-boys. It is not at all in these 
objections that we differ from them. All the conclusions drawn 
by our opponents and by all their imitators within our own ranks : all 
their conclusions are wrong, essentially and entirely wrong, are 
against all sound logic, against all principles of the strict method to 
build up a real, a natural science, by careful induction. We do not 
care much about all their opposition, original or copied, because 
we are all the time engaged in healing the sick, and that is the very 
way, nay, the only way of continually perfecting our Materia Medica. 
While we are collecting facts upon facts, bona fide, according to the 
best of our abilities, analytically, in order to abstract what is common 



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88 PROF. HERING'S INTRODUCTORY. 

to them ; while we are collecting one cure after another and trying 
to find oat, how far they correspond with the symptoms — a difficult, 
a tedious, a toilsome task, but one that brings its reward — our 
opponents creep into the core, into the midst, and object synthetically, 
arbitrarily, without any real reason, against all the rules of sound 
thinking, and ask a number of hypocritical and hypercritical 
questions : Who was the prover ? Was he roally healthy ? Who 
reported the proving ? Was he able to report 1 Were his reports 
in the strict scientific form ? And arbitrarily they say : All symptoms 
observed on the sick are good for nothing, etc. Striking in this way, 
as it were, at the roots, the symptoms fall by the hundred, and by 
the thousand. One of the most impudent and most illogical, objected, 
for instance, to all symptoms of Nenning, a late Surgeon in Bohemia, 
and with one stroke he cut them all off, boasting and crowing like a 
rooster on his own dunghill, that 11,447 symptoms were all to be 
stricken out. Hundreds of most striking cures have been made, before 
and since, simply by the use of symptoms of the same Nenning. But, 
because the great critic was not able to make such cures himself, he 
follows in the footsteps of our opponents in the old school, and doubts 
them, and because he doubts them, he denies them, and because he 
denies them, of course they cannot be worth anything. 

What is our way now to certainty ? How do we find out what is 
true, what is trustworthy and what is not ? 

To give you an idea in a few words, of our way to certainty, our 
manner of sifting the results of our provings, it is the following : 

1. Some symptoms are more decided, and of course require more 
attention. 

2. If we repeat our proving and get the same symptoms ; still 
more. 

3. If others prove the same drug and get the same or corres- 
ponding symptoms, harmonizing with each other physiologically or 
pathologically, we consider this a further corroboration. 

4. By comparative study of the symptoms of the same drug, we 
find out what agrees, and what does not, and use Physiology and 
Pathology as much as we can. 

4. We finally give a drug in cases where it seems to be indi- 
cated, according to our law, and make successful cures, these corro- 
borate some of them still more. Some symptoms become conse- 
quently more prominent, some are very often useful, others less often. 

6. Some of the sick while we are treating them will get new 
symptoms, soon after the administration of a drug, if such symp- 
toms disappear a while after, and if they agree with the others 
from healthy persons, such symptoms may likewise be used and 
likewise be corroborated afterwards by cures. 

7. In this way we obtain our much talked of 

CHARACTERISTICS. 

This is our way to certainty, and all objections disappear and 
vanish before them. 

These characteristics are to be regarded as settlements in the 
primeval forests, after a while they become villages, then large towns 



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pbop. hering's introductory. 39 

The question has often been raised, what do we mean by character- 
istics ? What are they ? Characteristics are symptoms, or only 
parts of symptom or groups of several symptoms, together representing 
the character of a drug, or the character of its effects. ' 

What is character ? 

Applied to the effects of drugs we mean by character the whole of 
such peculiarities as distinguish this drug from all others. Originally 
the word character meant the stamp of coins, the mark, the sign 
of worth. Such drugs as we do not know enough about, we say, 
have no decided character. Such as we have been giving often 
and repeatedly, and with a sure success, we say have a character. 
The single symptoms, or parts of them, we call characteristics. 

It is an error to suppose a characteristic to be such a symptom as 
any respective drug has alone ; this may be the case, but even the 
most decided and true symptom of a drug maj be a unicum, and 
not be characteristic, It never becomes a characteristic, because 
it is a unicum. We do not know all symptoms of our best proved 
and most given drugs, and we know very little, or nothing at 
all, of an endless number of others. Thus a symptom being known 
of one drug only, our attention may be called to this drug, if we meet 
the symptom in practice, but such a symptom is not a characteristic 
until cures corroborate it, and if this is the case, we certainly will 
obtain other symptoms combined with it. 

It is true, we have some very remarkable characteristics, corrobor- 
ated again and again, symptoms standing alone, as unica. 

To illustrate by example, when Schreter, one of the provers most 
objected to by the purificators, next to Nenning, proved Borax 
on himself and also collected symptoms observed in sick children, 
as being new and corresponding to the other symptoms of Borax, 
he published the following : 

No. 4. Very anxious when riding quickly down hill, it is as if it 
would take his breath away, which was never the case before. (This 
symptom continued during the first five weeks.) 

5. The child, when dancing it up and down, is afraid ; when rock- 
ing it in the arms, it makes an anxious face during the motion down- 
ward. (Observed the first three weeks.) 

These two observations strengthen each other. Hence, lecturing 
on Borax in Allentown, in 1835, the attention of the students was 
called to this fact. There was nothing like it in our whole Materia 
Medica, Coffea tosta produced once a similar symptom. After it 
had been taken in a strong dose, extract of a pound, the slightest 
motion of the hammock seemed an enormous one. The perception 
of passive motion was a magnifying one. Carbo vegetabilis has since 
been added by Boenninghausen : symptoms increasing by sitting on a 
swing. Carbo has vertigo from the slightest motion, also hiccough 
and nausea, and thus differs from borax considerably. 

This one symptom of Borax hes been the source of an infinite num- 
ber of cures in this country. (In Hartmann's Therapeutics and 
Ruckert's collection of cases it is not mentioned as having been used 
once. See Dr. Martin's case in our Journal.) 



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Jfi PROF. HBRING'S INTRODUCTORY. 

Another famous unicum was the aggravation of symptoms by shav- 
ing, in Carbo animalis, observed by Dr. Adams of Petersburg ; this 
was generalized by Boenninghausen, and in the preface of his 
Repertory he mentions a remarkable case. Others will appear in our 
journals. But also this unicum no longer stands entirely alone. 
Pulsatilla has the same peculiarity, and others may follow. 

A famous much talked of symptom is the fanlike motion of the 
wings of the nose in Lycopodium. This one symptom has a literature, 
such quarrels arose about it. It should never be forgotten . that the 
real symptom of Lycopodium is not a fanlike but a spasmodic motion 
of the nostrils, and it corresponds with a dozen of others of this 
drug, as we will see in the lectures. If the other symptoms of the 
case do not correspond with Lycopodium, and it is given according to 
this one single symptom, it will either not make a cure of the case, or 
the cure will be merely an accidental one. It also no longer stands 
as a unicum, since Gross ascertained, in asthma, Ferrum has the same 
as a characteristic. And how could it ? The fanlike motion is a 
symptom in all diseases with difficult breathing, and we cannot expect 
to cure all by Lycopodium. 

In short, a symptom that is found in one of our drugs and in no 
other, never is a characteristic because it is a unicum ; every 
day we may find the very same in another, and on the other 
hand, it may be a very good genuine symptom and a unicum, still 
very far from being a real characteristic. 

There are a great many more such peculiarities of a very different 
value ; further observations only can decide. 

Another error was once started, and the attempt was made to 
adopt one real good and characteristic symptom as the main one of 
each drug, and dropping all the rest, give that medicine in every 
case where we meet such a symptom in practice, as a characteristic 
of a case. It is against the main rule of Hahnemann ever to 
give, if we can possibly help it, a medicine for a single symptom, but 
always select a medicine for the totality of symptoms, that is, for 
the sick, for the individual before us. Such a practice would also 
lead to a continual change of medicine, and to the breaking of another 
wise rule of our master : " Let every given medicine have its full 
time, as long as the case allows it." 

We arrive at another error to which characteristics have led some 
of our practitioners ; an error requiring your particular attention. It 
rests on a very remarkable fact, observed by our school, and we may 
well say, the greater the truth, the greater the error. Among all 
corroborations of our Materia Medica, the greatest and the most 
undeniable, is the following : 

Having found by our provings, by cures, and by careful obser- 
vations, a group of characteristics, and knowing the full and complete 
character of the drug, we sometimes meet with cases, where, 
after we find one or a few such characteristics, we find also the others, 
even all of them ; all characteristic symptoms of the case are to be 
found in the very same drug together. For instance we find some 
symptoms of a woman in Calcarea, and afterwards all other similar ; 



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EBOF. HEBING'8 INTRODUCTORY. £1 

the same with a child. The best illustration is a case communicated 
once by Boenninghausen. 

PULSATILLA CHARACTERISTICS. 

"About three years ago, while traveling," says Boenninghausen, "in 
1835, I arrived one evening at a hotel, where, as it happened to be 
Sunday, I found several friends of the proprietor assembled, and also 
the family physician, quite a young man. I had but just entered the 
parlor when the eldest daughter stepped up "to me and asked me to 
euro her toothache, which she said, since a fortnight, came on every 
evening after sunset and lasted till --midnight. Many things had 
been tried but all in vain, which was also affirmed by the young 
physician who stood near us, and the only possible relief she obtained 
was by going out of doors or leaning out of the open window. It 
was hardly the place to question her in regard to other symptoms, 
particularly of a more private nature, so with the conviction that if it. 
did not help her, it would certainly do her no harm, I took from my 
pocket case a bottle of the decillionth potency of Pulsatilla and asked 
the young lady to smell of it once. The success exceeded my most 
sanguine expectations, for while closing my case and putting it back 
into my pocket, to the great amazement of all the guests she cried 
out my toothache is gone, I do not feel any more pain. 

The young physician, who was fresh from the University, was very 
much astonished and said if the cure were lasting it was indeed 
wonderful. 

I now began to draw my conclusions backwards, because Pulsatilla 
had helped her so quickly the characteristics of the remedy must 
also be found among her symptoms. So I answered that if the 
patient would obey homoeopathic rules regarding diet eight or ten 
day 8, the toothache would not only stay away, but she would also 
be freed from her other complaints. This puzzled the youthful 
disciple of iEsculapius still more, and he asked what other com- 
plaints ? I began to enumerate some of the characteristics of this 
remedy: Predominant chilliness ; want of thirst ; lachrymose dis- 
position ; the warmth of the stovn is unbearable ; sleeplessness before 
midnight, and stupifying unrefreshing sleep towards morning ; dis* 
gust for fatty dishes etc. He declared that I must have ascertained 
all these symptoms from the young lady herself, and when the 
others said that I had but just arrived, and not spoken a word 
with her but what he had heard, he replied rather crossly that 
they only said so to please me, and that it was not possible for 
me to know these things otherwise. I then proposed to him that 
I would tell him something secretly, and he should then go to the 
lady and ascertain whether I was right, and as he assented to 
this I took him aside and told him that the patient suffered from 
diarrhoea which was mostly slimy, and that menstruation appeared 
too late, about every five weeks, lasted only a few days, and that 
she suffered during that time with pain in the small of her back, 
and cramp-iike pain in the abdomen. 

To test the truth to his own satisfaction, he told her that I had 
said she suffered from constipation, and her menstruation came 
6 



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Ifi prof, hering's introductory. 

too soon, and was too copious, whereupon she answerod that in 
this respect I had made a great mistake, for exactly the opposite 
were the case, and on questioning her more closely he found every 
thing that I had told him corroborated, which he afterwards told 
me himself with most praiseworthy candor. 

A few months later, when I saw the girl again, she was fresh 
and blooming, and thanked me warmly for the good I had done 
her, as my prophesy in regard to her complaints had proved true, 
and she was now entirely well. 

Whether the young Doctor ever investigated Homoeopathy I do 
not know, but I hardly think so, for I never heard of it." 

Such cases we meet with in life, but it would be a very deceiving 
rule to expect it always to be so. 

The first symptoms in this case could have bden connected with 
others, with entirely different symptoms, not indicating Pulsatilla, 
but Sepia. B. saw the girl before him, her face, her whole 
appearance may have reminded him of Pulsatilla. Her features may 
have been such as reminded him of other cases cured by the same 
medicine. B. further was careful enough and said, " As it helped 
her so quickly, I concluded that the girl would have the other 
characteristics of Puis." There is a very great and an essential differ- 
ence between a conclusion, a priori or a 'posteriori. 

If we find in a case one characteristic symptom which indicates a 
certain well known drug, our attention may be called to it and we 
may expect to find some of the others, but we ought to find all the 
others corresponding, before giving it, and then we may expect a cure. 
Of course we ought not to suggest them in the examination of the 
sick. We ought always to get the symptoms out of the sick, not 
examine them into the sick. This is the main rule of a true 
Hahnemannian examination. 

To decide to give a medicine according to one symptom, no matter 
how characteristic it may be, is to repeat the same fault that others 
may have fallen into, prescribing for names when they decide to give 
Belladonna because the child has the scarlet fever. We may suc- 
ceed, by good luck, by chance only. All such cures are on the 
one side as on the other, accidental ones. We will have ample 
occasions in the course of the lectures to explain this more fully ; 
to elucidate it, and prove it. 

Characteristics ought always to be used in combination, not singly. 

These combinations even, if they appear to differ endlessly, like 
the position of the pieces on the chessboard, are limited by laws ; not 
every variation that can be made ; not every combination that is pos- 
sible, is to be found in nature. Aided by physiology and pathology, 
we may find these laws ; in the course of the lectures this will be 
spoken of. On the other side, you will learn how far each combination 
of characteristics indicates the respective drug. As often as we meet 
with them in the sick, they indicate the drug, independent of the 
pathology of the case. Ample illustration will be given of this very 
important fact It is the method of the Philadelphia School to study 
Materia Medica by characteristics. All who belong to the Phi lade 1- 



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PROF. HERING'S INTRODUCTORY. J$ 

phia School have to learn how to heal the sick by mastering the 
characteristics. 

The lectures on Materia Medica will thus principally give you the 
main characteristics, at least of all of our well known drugs, and in 
such an order that you will be able to comprehend them, digest them, 
as it were, and if you are willing, earnest, and do your share, and 
store thom up by daily, weekly, monthly repetitions, you will have 
them on hand, and they will be ready for use all your lifetime. 

We will not forget the general principles or lose sight of them. 
One hour of the four every week we will dwell on generalities, while 
the other three hours we will take the specialities of one drug after the 
other, and one family after the other, the most important first, adding 
from time to time by comparisons. One hour we must have to bestow 
on the higher principles of our healing art. 

If you know nothing but generalities you are altogether dependent 
on good luck to meet such cases as your characteristics will be fit 
for. Then you would be like a man in a large hotel, having a great 
many rooms, with a large bundle of keys in his hand. Such a man 
has continually to try and find the right one. He may find it or not, 
just as it happens. The master-key will open all doors. General 
principles are master-keys. 

Regarding the characteristics, in order to save time, you ought to 
get what was printed a year ago, for the use of our Philadelphia School, 
in the form of cards, according to Dr.Tucker's method, and introduced 
by us. You ought to have them, either printed or copy them. They 
have been selected with great care and will form the basis of the lec- 
tures. You ought to commit them to memory according to Dr.Tucker's 
method, if possible, before the lecture on each such drug. 

Supposing every one of you to know them by heart, we may refer 
to them again and again, but lose no time by dictating any of them. 
All others to be added will be dictated. 

All those that may have been printed in the journal of our 
school will be referred to, but not dictated. In this way we 
save time and you may be able to carry with you at the end of the 
lectures, all that is most valuable in our Materia Medica, At 
the time of your examination you will find the very same little 
cards spread out on the table. Then you will have a chance to show 
how many you know. 

CONCLUSION. 

While all your instruction in the Philadelphia School is based on 
characteristics, you should be warned in the first lecture against all 
errors in regard to them, which, when practising, you might fall into. 
There is one more to be spoken of. Suppose you had a case where 
not only the symptoms were changing all the time, but even the most 
characteristic symptoms. One day you find the one, another day 
another medicine, as it seems, clearly indicated by them. What have 
you to do ? Such hysterical or hypochondriacal cases you will cer- 
tainly meet with, and it may be that your whole reputation will de- 
pend on such a. case. What have you to do ? Be very careful in the 
selection of tJie medicinc t never decide in a hurry \as suck cases will give 



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44 prof, hering's introductory. 

you ample time to study them. And after having carefully decided, 
and found, by similarity, of course, the best opposite, be firm, make it 
a main condition, the patient must not take any other medicine, and 
stand firm with your well selected one ; give, if necessary to repeat, 
the same higher and higher, but, if possible, do not change, until all 
has been gained by that drug which can possibly be gained by it. 
The best remedy there is for changeability is firmness. This may bo 
illustrated by an example taken from life. 

Suppose there was a college, a medical college, a homoeopathic 
medical college, which had existed twenty years and had changed 
professors nearly every year, or if there was no change in men, they 
changed their chairs, and, what is still worse, changed principles 
every year, sometimes even in one single summer. Another set of men 
each winter ; another modification of doctrines each course. What 
would be the remedy for it if it became dangerous to the cause ? 
Something simihr,and of course opposite.with the principal character of 
firmness. A similar but an opposite college, opposite by its firmness; 
free from all undue iufluence from without and from within. To pre- 
vent this it was better to hire rooms. Have no building except what 
could be paid for, or built on endowments of cash in hand No interest 
on stocks to be paid, but scholarships, thereby affording to students 
who may not have the necessary money, a chance, without begging or 
marketing. No floating debt or mortgage ; but a permanent body of 
trustees. Not a floating concern, but above aft, a permanent faculty, 
every member selected with care and elected for a lifetime. 

This will be the remedy and secure permanent progress But 
still, objections may be made to this, as well as to our Materia 
Medica. The very word " life-time" reminds e\*ery one that 
this very time is limited. Life is short says Hippocrates. Sup- 
pose there was an old man among the permanent faculty, his 
death would make a change in spite of all the trustees and by- 
laws. That is true, it may be. But how have we to act as long as 
we have life ; by what must we be ruled in such cases ? There is a 
great difference between possibility and probability. The 
possibility of dying is the same to all of us, young aud old. The 
probability of it makes the difference. Now let us ask the 
Insurance Companies about probabilities ; they know, because with 
them large sums of money are at stake. The rule of probability says, 
that, for instance, if a man has reached the age of 67, he may be ex- 
pected to live till 76. Of course, according to possibility, changes 
may take place at any time in spite of probability. But the 
difference is a very great one between changes happening accord- 
ing to a higher law by the divine will, and a change made according 
to the arbitrary, tyrannical notions of one, two or three wire-pulling 
men. Suppose tho said old man reaches his 76th year, possibly 
more, what a burden such an old fogy will be, full of notions, 
and how arbitrary he may be in ten years, nobody knows, he 
dues not know himself. How will you get rid of him ? By 
impeachment ? We know that is easier said than dona. Well, if any 
one should be uneasy about that, he will send in his resignation, to 



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prop, hering's introductory. 4£ 

take effect on the 221 of March, 1876, when it will be fifty years since 
he obtained his degree as M. D. — nine years, they may be willing to 
bear with him. 

But, the age of 76 reminds us of a story, and a very good one. 

After Napoleon had disturbed the peace of Europe, and was finally 
beaten in the battle of Leipzig by the allied powers, and banished by 
them to the Island of Elba, he returned again with a large 
army. The allies had once more to march from the North to the 
South. Blucher was placed at the head as main commander of tho 
Prussian army, and marched from the North towards Belgium. Great 
objections were raised on account of his age. He is old now and 
infirm, and full of queer notions, etc He was attacked near Ligny, 
before he was ready, and was beaten, his horse fell, he was thrown 
under it, and was carried away for dead. Of course in a day or 
two he rallied again, sat on the back of another horse, and was 
smoking his little pipe lustily. 

Napoleon now turned his whole power against Wellington, who 
stood before Waterloo. The Iron Duke stood it manfully and did 
not move an inch all day, kept his position firm. 

But as tho sun turned towards the West and sank deeper and 
deeper in the horizon, the Duke wrote with a lead pencil the order to 
his generals to be ready to return during the night and retreat 
to another position. There was a little cloud seen in the far 
East on the horizon. The cloud increased. It was an army, coming 
nearer like a hailstorm, and the cloud opened, and cannon balls came 
like hail into the right wing of the French army and rolled it up. 
The battle was won. 

Who was the commander of that army? Who rolled up Napoleon's 
old guards with his young volunteers l It was Blucher, the old 
man of 76. 

By that battle peace was secured for fifty years. Let us trust to 
the one from whom comes life and progress and peace, and let us 
never forget our friends, the Life Iusurance Companies and their 
probabilities. We hope they will be right, and if they should ; 
present company is invited to come on tho 22d of March in 1876, to 
114 N. 12th street. Please take a note of that and do not forget it. 



Transactions New York Homozopathic Medtcal Soctety, 1864. 
We have a few copies left of this book, an illustrated volume of 477 
pages, well bound, which we shall be most happy to send to any of our 
subscribers, free of charge. If sent by mail, the cost of postage will 
be 24 cents. 



Permanent Anesthetic. — A reward of $10,000 has been offered 
by an English gentleman, through the Chairman of the London hos- 
pital, to any person who shall have discovered, by July 1, 1868, any 
means by which, in all, or nearly all cases, pain can be both perma- 
nently and completely extinguished, as it can now be extinguished 
for a short time. 



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f flflfc lutim, stt + 



The Science and Art of Surgery, embracing Minor and 
Operative Surgery, compiled from Standard Allopathic 
Authorities, and adapted to Homoeopathic Therapeutics, &c, 
&c, &c. By E. 0. Franklin, &c., &c. 

The Science of Surgery, in one volume complete, 844 pages, 
handsomely bound. Price $8. Dr. E. A. Lodge, Homoeo- 
pathic Pharmacy, 51 Wayne street, Detroit, Michigan. 

We have before us a voluminous work of 844 pages, which consti- 
tutes half of a treatise upon the Science and Art of Surgery, adapted 
to the use of Homoeopathic physicians. The members of our profes- 
sion have every reason to feel gratified with the improvement which 
can be noticed in the literature of our school, in almost every depart- 
ment, within the past few years. The most laudable efforts in this 
direction have, in the majority of instances, resulted in the produc- 
tion of books which all contain valuable information, and the indica- 
tions at present tend to the prediction that ere long every specialty 
will have its appropriate homoeopathic as well as allopathic authority. 
In a few years the student of Homoeopathy will have at his command 
works of reference to which he may not only turn for advice in rela- 
tion to the diagnosis, prognosis and pathology of disease, but where 
also, in its appropriate place, will be found the Homoeopathic Thera- 
peutics. 

Dr. Franklin's book, as far as it has progressed, does great credit 
to himself and the school to which he belongs. He has spared 
neither time nor money, nor industry to render " The Science and 
Art of Surgery" equal to the expectations of those who have anxious- 
ly awaited its appearance ; and having entered into the enterprise 
entirely alone, (we mean taken upon himself the pecuniary outlay of 
its publication,) he deserves the encouragement and support of the 
profession at large. This should be rendered, and rendered freely^ 
and we believe that it will be-so. 

By way of introduction, we have a brief general history of Surgery, 
in which the names of the most celebrated Surgeons, and the age in 
which they lived and achieved their immortality, are mentioned ; this 
is followed with a record of the most important surgical exploits 
which have been accomplished in the United States, with the names 
of the operators, embracing a period from 1802 to 1867, and begin- 
ning with the name of Philip Syng Physick the Father of American 
Surgery. A concise and well written article on Surgical Pathology 
follows, in which the outlines of the normal nutritive process are 
briefly considered. The wonderful reproductive power of cells is 



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BOOK NOTICES. Ifl 

certainly one of the least understood processes of Nature — every cell 
is a distinct organism. The lowest order of infusorial life, the monad, 
is a single minute cell, which requires to be magnified 640 times 
before it is visible at all, and varies from 1-24000 to 1-5000 of an 
inch in size. As we ascend in the scale, the number of cells 
increases, and in these, when one or several of the cells are abstract- 
ed and placed under favorable circumstances, the animal will be re- 
produced. As this independence of cell and cell growth is true of 
the lower orders of the animal kingdom, so also is it true of man. 
The various modification of cells, whether physiologically or patholo- 
logically considered, is one of the most interesting studies that can 
arrest the attention of the physician or the micographer, and can 
merely be alluded to in a treatise upon surgery. 

The chapter on Surgical Semeiology is taken from Smith's Princi- 
ples and Practice of Surgery, and is followed by a complete treatise 
on the bandage, its uses and its manner of application ; this portion 
the book is very profusely illustrated with wood cuts, representing the 
methods of applying the roller, the handkerchief, the pad and other 
dressings. The cuts, from our remembrance of Smith's Minor Sur- 
gery, are similar to those found in that work. To the student for 
constant study and to the practitioner for general reference, this por- 
tion of the book is certainly of the utmost service. We have foL ow- 
ing this a full chapter on Anaesthesia, which contains an article on 
Local Anaesthesia by Dr. Comstock, of this city. In this, besides the 
use of Ether and Rhigolcne, mention is made of Xylo-styptic spray 
and Ferro-styptic ether as useful in controlling hemorrhage, and also 
of electricity. There are other substances which have been introduced 
to the notice of the profession for the production of anaesthesia, one 
of which is the bromide of ethyl, another the chloride of elayl (defiant 
gas), which were introduced by Dr. Nunneily, a well known English 
physician. At a meeting of the British Medical Association, he 
stated that both in private practice and in the Leeds General Infirm- 
ary he had used both of the above agents, with the most satisfactory 
results, whenever it was necessary to produce anaesthesia, and that 
they not only possessed many important advantages over chloroform, 
but that thus far no disagreeable symptoms had resulted from their 
use. Chimogene (cold generator) is the name given by Dr. P. H. 
Vanderweyde to a highly volatile and gaseous product which causes 
by its evaporation, intense cold, and can be made to boil at any 
desired degree of temperature, from 60 to 30 degrees Fahr. 

Chapter IV. is given to the consideration of the means and instru- 
ments for arresting hemorrhage. As an instance of the rapidity with 
which surgical science advances, there has lately been given to the 
profession a styptic and adhesive fluid, called styptic colloid, intro- 
duced by Dr. Bcnj. W. Richardson, which is not only styptic and 
antiseptic, but possesses the power of excluding the atmospheric air 
from wounded or abraded surfaces. It is a species of collodion, con- 
fining tannic acid. When the preparation is applied to the wounded 
surface the heat of the body gradually e vaporizes both the alcohol 
and the ether, of which the solution is composed, and leaves the gun- 



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4S BOOK NOTICES. 

cotton and the tannin in close approximation with the parts to which 
it has been applied. In the half-yearly abstract of RankiD, Dr. 
Richardson relates cases to which this compound has been most suc- 
cessfully used, viz.: " cases of profuse hemorrhage ; cases of common 
ulceration; cases of syphilitic ulceration; cases of open cancer; and. 
cases of recent wounds. " This fluid forms the base of many other 
useful medicinal agents, among which are carbolic acid, creosote, 
quinine, iodine, cantharides, morphia, and the bi-chloride of mercury. 
This substance bids fair to be useful to the surgeon, and will no 
doubt ere long receive its appropriate place among styptics. It 
remains, however, yet to be thoroughly tried both by time and ex- 
perience. 

In the chapter upon disinfecting agents, after alluding to the great 
value of pure atmospheric air, the following articles are mentioned : 
First. Due notice is taken of the value of chlorine as found in the 
chloride of lime, the chlorides of potash and soda, the chloride of zinc, 
and then the binoxide of manganese, nitrous acid fumes, carbon, 
charcoal, coal tar, creosote and oakum ; sulphuric acid, copperas, 
sulghate of iron, iodine and heat are briefly mentioned and their 
properties noted. 

At the present writing, during the the prevalence of cholera, the 
attention of the profession has been especially directed towards the 
proper substances for disinfection and deodorization, and Dr. J. H. 
Baker, in his prize essay, sums up the results of many experiments 
in the following : For rapid deodorization and disinfection, chlorine 
is the most effective agent known : for a steady and continuous effect, 
ozone is the preferable article, in the absence of which iodine exposed 
in the solid form is best. For the disinfection of fluid or semi-fluid 
substances, iodine in the form of tincture is most excellent, while for 
the deodorization and disinfection of solid bodies that cannot be des- 
troyed, a mixture of powdered chloride or sulphate of zinc, with saw- 
dust, is found very efficacious. 

The article, however, which is at present most in vogue is Carbolic 
acid, which, from its cheapness and the facility of application, has 
become a most excellent and efficacious disinfectant. 

Phenic acid, or phenylic alcohol, is usually accompanied by its con- 
geners, xylic and cresylic alcohols, which adhere to it with great 
tenacity, and give it the property of becoming brown in contact with 
the air. For its purification, M. Muller has recourse to a partial 
neutralization, and afterwards to the fractional distillation of the pro- 
duct. The crude tar cedes to soda or lime water, a mixture of the 
matters before mentioned, as well as napthaline, which is soluble in 
concentrated solutions of the alkaline phenates. Water is added to 
to this until it ceases to cause a precipitate, when the liquid is exposed 
in wide vessels, to facilitate the formation of the brown bodies and 
their deposits. After filtering, the approximative quantity of organic 
matter held in solution is determined, formed principally of phenio 
%nd its congeners, which are easily displaced by acids. It was first 
imed carbolic acid by Runge, a German chemist, who discovered 
.1 in 1884. But it is not properly an acid; it is not sour, does not 



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BOOK NOTICES. 49 

redden litmus paper, nor does it combine with alkalies any sooner 
than with acids ; hence the names phenal, etc. 

Phenic acid, when pure, occurs in beautiful transparent needle- 
form crystals. If the crystals be exposed to the air, in a few 
moments they absorb a very small quantity of moisture, and are 
transformed into an oily liquid, which is slighily heavier than 
water. Although the solid acid is so eager for water, it is satis- 
fied with a very little, and is but slightly soluble iu water. It has 
a burning taste, and a powerful and persistent odor, which people 
call smoky. It dissolves freely in alcohol, ether and oils, and is 
itself a powerful solvent of gum, resins, sulphur and phosphorus. 
We cannot more briefly indicate its more useful properties than to 
say it is often called creosote, and that it is as like the genuine 
creosote as two peas. It is a poison to all animals and plants, and 
is especially destructive to insects and their eggs. All vermin hate 
the smeh of it, and get away from it as fast as they can. But, 
although it is certain death to the animal, it is kind to the dead 
body, for it may preserve that tor ever ; any kind of flesh which has 
been impregnated with phenic acid, refuses to decay and return 
to dust When decay has commenced, by putrefaction or fer- 
mentation,phenic acid will stop it instanter, and prevent its recurrence, 

Tests far Carbolic Acid. — Carbolic acid is now so largely used as a 
disinfectant, for which it is pre-eminently fitted, it appears that a 
spurious article, composed of Oil of tar, utterly valueless as a disin- 
fectant, is now being imposed on the public. Mr. W. Crooks directs 
attention to this fraud, as well as to the following means by which it 
may be detected. Commercial carbolic acid is soluble in from 25 to 
70 parts of water, or in twice its bulk of a solution of caustic soda, 
while oil is often nearly insoluble. To apply these tests : 

1. Put a teaspoonfal of the carbolic acid in a bottle, pour on it half 
a pint of warm water, shake the bottle at intervals for half an hour, 
when the amount of oily residue will show the impurity. 

2. Dissolve 1 part of caustic soda in 10 parts of warm water, and 
shake it up with 5 parts of carbolic acid : the residue indicating the 
amount of the impurity. These tests are not scientifically accurate 
but sufficiently so for common use. 

There has lately been published a treatise on this subject, entitled 
the Principles and Practice of Disinfection, by Roberts Bartholow, 
A. M., M.D., Prof, of Materia Medica in the Medical College of Ohio. 

The chapters upon catheterism, injections, vaccination, the removal 
of foreign bodies, are next in order, and are all illustrated, concise, 
easily understood and well arranged. We notice that in the parts 
referring to the removal of foreign bodies from the larynx, the Doctor 
recommends the plan of holding the patient with his head downwards 
and slapping him on the back. This is a very important direction, 
and should be remembered. This method, if we recollect rightly, 
has been lately (certainly since this portion of Dr. Franklin's work 
was printed) published in some of the medical journals as entirely 
new, and three or four cases successfully treated are recorded. 
Certainly thus far Dr. Franklin may claim priority. 



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50 BOOK NOTICES. 

Part III. treats of the vexed question of Inflammation. This 
chapter follows closely Miller's Principles of Surgery, which, perhaps, 
all things considered, is one of the best essays on the subject that 
could be found. To merely mention the theories of Inflammation and 
its terminations, the consideration of hyper aetnia, progressive and retro- 
gressive metamorphosis, the homceoplastic new formations, the hetero- 
plastic, theheterostopic and hetero-chronio growths, necrobiosis and a 
hundred other changes, resulting directly or indirectly from the inflam- 
matory process, which would be of no avail to the student, would 
embrace a space as large as the entire volume. So numerous have been 
the theories advanced to account for the symptoms of inflammation 
and inflammatory action, and so wide a field do they cover both in 
medicine and in. surgery, that some of the mast distinguished 
authorities hesitate not to announce their inability to give a definition 
of the term. Paget, for instance, thus write : " I shall not attempt 
to define inflammation in any set or terms, for as yet, we are not, I 
think, in a position to do this," and Mr. Miller inclines to the same 
opinion. Dr. Hammer, of this city, gives the following . " We define 
inflammation to be the irritation of a tissue, caused by an irritant 
agent, always followed by an efflux of nutrient fluid, with an increase 
of the formative process, and an increase of the tendency to degenera- 
tion of the same tissue." We are glad that Dr. Franklin, having in 
mind the 'practical rather than the theoretical, summarily disposes of 
the theory, and gives his attention to the symptoms and terminations 
of the inflammatory process, devoting twenty-six pages to the treatment, 
giving the indications for the appropriate medicines as well as the local 
treatment. Mention is also made of the Allopathic treatment, which the 
Doctor concludes with tha following quotation from Tanner's Practice 
of Medicine : " The conclusion appears evident, that in the treatment 
of acute inflammatory diseases, practitioners must be content to trust 
more to nature and less to heroic remedies than they have been in 
the habit of doing ; for it is highly probable that, though we may be 
able to guide inflammations to a successful termination, yet we can- 
not cut them short, and any attempts to do so will merely increase 
the patient's clanger. 

The succeeding parts of the work devoted to inflammatory products 
and consequences are followed by an article on pyemia, in which 
latter there is a very important quotation from the Surgeon General's 
Circular, No. 6. It is as follows : the histories of 754 cases are re- 
corded in the register, the post mortem observations accompanying a 
large proportion of the fatal cases. These number 719, or 95tVv per 
cent. Pyemia supervened in 377 cases of gun shot injury, in which 
no operation had been performed, and after 295 cases of amputation, 
of which 155 cases of amputation in the continuity of the femur. 
The purulent infection was subsequent to the excision of the shafts of 
long bones in 27 cases and to excision of joints in 28 cases. It has 
been one of the great sources of mortality after amputations, and its 
victims are to be counted by thousands." 

We next have a short treatise on the treatment of those fevers 
commonly met with by the Surgeon, which precedes "Textural 



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BOOK NOTICES. 51 

\ 
Changes, the Effects of Heat and Cold, and the Specific Forms of In- 
flammation." In the latter we observe with regret that when upon 
the subject of Erysipelas, no especial mention is made of the efficacy 
of homoeopathic treatment of the disease, which, in this affection, is 
so eminently useful. 

The indications for the use of Aconite, Bell., Rhustoz., Rhus rad. t 
Apis mel.y or Arsenicum, are not given, except in a short quotation 
from a paper from the pen of Dr. Guilbert, of Dubuque, Iowa. This 
is most certainly an oversight, and should be remedied in subsequent 
editions. If there be a disease which shows the superiority of the 
homoeopathic treatment over that of the old school, that disorder is 
Erysipelas. It was formerly our custom in the affection, to use local 
applications, but further and more accurate experience shows that the 
patients do better without any such topical means, save that of rye 
floor, which is useful, particularly in the latter stages, to allay itch- 
ing. There are two facts also which are worth noting in this connec- 
tion ; one is, that persons liable to repeated attacks of erysipelas, 
when properly treated, are exempt from the danger of subsequent 
invasion ; and the other, that the appropriate medicine must be given 
for some time before any marked change is noticed, in other words, 
the remedial agents must not be frequently changed. 

The other specific forms of inflammation also receive a due share of 
attention, as Boil, Carbuncle and Malignant Pustule; after which 
follows a chapter on Tuberculosis, which latter has been given to the 
profession in the columns of the Western Homoeopathic Observer. 

The next portion of the work is that which treats of the venereal 
disease, and occupies one hundred and eighty-one pages. This por- 
tion of the book is very comprehensive, and treats of each of the 
varied forms of the disorder. In speaking of chancre, the Doctor 
adopts the classification of Bunistead, and denominates the ( soft and 
non-infecting sore — Chancroid : — the indurated sore — True Chancre. 
This, especially to the student, is serviceable. The old-fashioned 
nomenclature of syphilis was rather perplexing, from the fact that the 
duality of virus was not known or understood. Even the great 
svphilograph Ricord, in his early days, wrote in his celebrated 
" Letters," •* up to the present time we are justified in denying the 
existence of more than one virus," It was Bassereau who first stirred 
np the contest concerning the unity or duality of the virus, and no 
doubt it was difficult for so old and experienced a man as Ricord to 
change his views and his teachings. He has, however, certainly 
done this. In his last lecture upon chancre, he has the following 
positive language: "The chancre is no longer a morbid unit, but a 
mixed manifestation, belonging to two distinct pathological species." 
The one of these is the simple chancre or chancroid, (as Dr. Franklin 
has it ;) the other is the indurated or infecting chancre. The former 
is one " with a soft base, an affection purely local, which limits its 
effects to the region which it-attacks, which never exercises a general 
influence upon the system, which is never accompanied by constitu- 
tional affections. In other words, it is a chancre which does not 
affect the economy — a chancre without syphilis" How different is 



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5$ BOOK NOTICES. 

this from the views of the older pathologists when the celebrated 
Hunter, on the very same subject, thus speaks : " Experience 
teaches us that the venereal pus presents no variety of species, and 
that no differencce can be produced in the manifestation of tho 
disease in the malignity of the purulent matter. The same pus ex- 
ercises on various individuals actions totally dissimilar from one 
another, the diverse nature of which depends on the constitution and 
the general state of the economy at the time of infection." Recent 
investigation and observation have proved other remarkable phenom- 
ena in the venereal disease, to all of which it is said that Ricord at 
present subscribes, one of which is the contagiousness of the secre- 
tions of secondary lesions and the blood, the second vaccinal syphilis. 

The great importance of proper diagnostication in the two forms of 
chancre has led to the arrangement of a well drawn table, exhibiting 
the distinguishing marks of the two varieties of sore. Dr. Franklin 
has inserted this in his work, and it is of great service. The table is 
very similar to one we prepared in 1860, while reading the last lec- 
tures of Ricord, annotated by Fournier, and translated by Maunder.of 
London, which was published in the United States Journal of Homoeo- 
pathy for August, 1861. 

With such plain directions for making diagnosis as are found in 
the work we are reviewing, neither practitioner or student need be 
misled ; therefore, in many instances, the proper local treatment will 
suffice. Our favorite caustic for the local one is the carbo sulphuric 
paste of Ricord. It has never disappointed us, and is worthy of trial; 
of it Ricord thus speaks : " I have successively tried the Vienna 
paste, potassa, nitric acid, the actual cautery, etc. All these have in- 
conveniences, which I need not point out to you, inasmuch as I have to 
propose to your notice a new agent particularly efficacious. This caustic 
consists of sulphuric acid, mixed with powdered vegetable charcoal 
in the proportions necessary to form a half solid paste." It is im- 
possible to enter upon the treatment of the infecting chancre or the 
constitutional lesions and thtir treatment. We refer the reader to 
Dr. Franklin's book, and feel sure we can predict satisfaction fro ma 
perusal of its pages on this subject. 

But we may pass on to what to us is the most interesting chapter 
in tho work, viz.; that upon Gun shot wounds. Herein the Doctor is 
enabled to give his own personal experience on a subject of great 
importance, and what is still more interesting to us, as homceopathists, 
can give us statistics of both Homoeopathic and Allopathic treatment. 
If we mistake not, we have read portions of the chapter before in the 
North American Journal) however, it matters not. In his book 
before us stand facts and figures. In speaking of the superiority of 
the old school over the new in the treatment of gun shot wounds, he 
says: "I am fully convinced that the per-centage of mortality 
would have been considerably reduced if homoeopathy had been 
admitted into the army and navy upon equal footing with allopathy. 
To illustrate more fully the force of this conviction, I may state 
that an entire ward of thirty beds iu the U. S. Mound City General 



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BOOK NOTICES. 51 

Hospital was set aside for the homoeopathic treatment of such cases 
as were declared by consultation of my assistant surgeons to be 
beyond the hope of recovery. This ward I took charge of, assisted 
by two other physicians of the same school as myself, viz.: Drs. 
Pratte and Wales, and as the result of our practice, more than thirty 
per cent of the patients given up by Allopathic medication as hope 
lessly lost, recovered under the Homoeopathic treatment.'' This is 
as an experience which must be preserved for future use ; this is an 
argument that may hereafter, when the circumstances call for its 
adduction, be of service to the Homoeopathic school. 

In this chapter upon gun shot wounds many very interesting 
cases, taken from the experience of the author, are recorded, and 
much enhance the interest of perusal. 

In the treatment of fractures of the thigh, which, by the way, is a 
sort of scientific battlefield, Dr. Franklin prefers the conservative 
plan, and records fifteen cases of compound fracture of the femur, 
with more or less comminution of the bone, of which four died, 
amputation having been performed secondarily ; ten recovered who 
were left to the conservative plan, and only one died during that 
process. 

This great question as to the proper treatment of fractures of the 
femur appears to us, from our reading, (having had but very little 
experience in military surgery,) to settle itself down to the follow- 
ing : 

First. — Do fractures of the thigh generally admit of a conser- 
vative treatment ; or do they either sooner or later require ampu- 
tation 1 

Second. — Which are the cases in which either of these courses 
should be preferred ? 

Third. — When amputation is deemed necessary from the first, 
ought it to be performed immediately t or is it better to wait until 
suppuration has ensued ? 

According to the table of Dr. Franklin, the total of which we have 
just given, we find that ten recovered out of fifteen cases, and but 
one died during the conservative process. 

The two remaining questions must be and will be for a time very 
difficult to properly solve, simply because the term secondary ampu- 
tation is not understood by all surgeons in the same sense. It 
may signify: — In the case of a fracture for which amputation is 
judged indispensable from the first, intentionally to delay that 
operation, with the idea that if it be performed later, it will prove 
more successful, or on the other hand :— it may mean to attempt to 
re-unite the fragments of bone, and if the effort is unsuccessful 
and the patient's life is endangered, then to remove the limb. 
In our opinion, secondary amputation should be restricted to the 
latter. 

With reference to primary and secondary amputations, we may 
give as an example the following table, compiled from the experience 
of a few of the most renowned military surgeous of the world : 



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54 



BOOK NOTICES. 



Comparative Table of Primary and Secondary 
Amputation. 



Primary. 



Secondary. 



Guthrie, after the battle of Toulouse . j 47 

Ibid., Attack on Orleans - J 45 

Dupuytren - [ 7 

Baron Larrey ......... i 13 

Roux(18J(.) ! 10 

Jbid., (1848) Feb j 1 

Ibid., June 1 11 

Ibid., says elsewhere in adding all the figures - 1 23 

Baudens _.J 14 

B. Larrey, (18*0) Gros. Caillou 6 

lbid„ (Siege of Antwerp) ! 54 

Laroch Lyon ( 1834) 19 

Monod. (1818; 13 



263 ! 192 



Proportion of cures - 



I 73 



b 


H 


Q 


( t* 


s. 




Ej 


1 


f 


? 


? 




p 






9 


51 


30 


21 


7 


7 


2 


5 


5 








2 








3 


4 


4 






3 


3 




6 


6 


2 


4 


10 


9 


6 


3 


3 


6 




6 


3 


11 


5 


6 


9 


10 


5 


5 


13 








1 


2 




3 



71 109 



57 



52 



> 52 



This experience certainly decides in favor of primary amputation 
in general. Now let us for a moment look to amputation of the thigh 
especially. We find from a comparison of cases, that an average of 
immediate amputation is 45 per cent, while secondary operations 
only furnish about 87 per cent.; and from consulting many tables 
which it would be unnecessary to record, we find, that taken alto- 
gether, comminuted fractures of the four limbs heal better after im- 
mediate amputations ; that among fractures from gun shot wounds, 
those of the thigh present the least reparative power, and 
taking all things into consideration, primary amputations of 
the thigh present better results than secondary, which is also the 
opinion of our author, who remarks : "As a general principle, 
primary or immediate operations should be performed alike in civil 
as well as military hospitals.' 1 Now, with our understanding of 
primary and secondary amputation, the matter resolves itself to this : 
If there be, in the judgment of the surgeon, any chance for preserv- 
ing the limb, save it ; if not, primary amputation should be resorted 
to. In the cases of Dr Franklin, four died after secondary opera- 
tion, and we agree with him that perhaps half of that number would 
have been saved if primary amputation had been resorted to. But 
we have already extended this notice to greater limits than we in- 
tended. This subject is almost exhaustless, and so full of interest, 
that the mention of one topic brings to mind others of greater import, 
until we find ourselves spending too much time on one point, while 
we overlook others of equal moment, there are many chapters which 
we have not noticod at all, and those to which we have alluded are 
so cursorily looked into, that we feel as though nothing had been 
done. 

The book is a good one, as a text-book on the specialty of which it 
treats, and should be introduced into all our colleges, And when 
the second volume makes its appearance it will make a compend 
of surgical literature, which will be alive in other editions when 
both the author and the reviewer are dust and ashes. We of the 



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BOOK. NOTICES. 55 

West are especially grateful for the work, and feel an interest in its 
welfare — not only on account of its worth and intrinsic merits, but 
for this. The dedication reads : " To the Homoeopathic practitioners 
of America ;" (and this) " especially to the Students of the Homoeo- 
pathic Medical College of Missouri." 

Helmuth. 



The Physician's Hand-book for 1868, by Wm. Elmer, M. D. Pub- 
lished New York, Townsend & Adams. For sale at Detroit 
Homoeopathic Pharmacy. Price $1.75. 

This has 171 pages for daily record of practice, and 115 very 
neatly printed pages, containing index of diseases, classification, ready 
method in asphyxia, diagnostic examination of urine, the pulse, table, 
&c, list of incompatibles, materia medica, etc., etc., etc. 



The Principles op Medicine, by John M. Scudder, M.D., Prof.,&c. 

Cincinnati, 1867. Octavo, 561 pages, $3.50. For sale at Detroit 

Homoeopathic Pharmacy. 

A well printed volume on the fundamental truths of medicine, from 
the Eclectic stand-point, by one of the most intelligent professors of 
that school. 



Homeopathic Materia Medica of the New Remedies. — 1144 pp. 

illustrated. Strongly and neatlv bound. Price reduced to $8. 

"We have been induced to reduce the price of this work to eight 
dollars. At this rate it will doubtless be regarded as the cheapest 
homoeopathic work extant. The price, with the Observer for 186$, 
will be nine dollars. As but a fourth of the new edition remains, 
except some odd parts, early application will be necessary to secure 
copies. Two dollars will be allowed for old edition, towards the new, 
at $8 — or $9 with Observer. A proportionate price will be allowed 
for any parts of New Remedies that may be returned. 



A Synopsis of Materia Medica with groups, general, characteris- 
tic and diagnostic symptoms. 
Arranged as a note-book, by Prof. E. M. Hale. It will be found 

quite convenient for students' use. 



Homceopathy and Life Insurance. — Louis B. Smith, Esq., Sec'y 
of Atlantic Mutual Life Insurance Company, writes : " We are 
making a strong record for Homoeopathy. Out of the twenty one 
hundred policies which we have issued, probably between fifteen and 
sixteen hundred are under homoeopathic rates ; the balance under 
allopathic. We have met with five losses, three of which were insured 
under allopathic rates and died under allopathic treatment, and two 
under homceopathic. We have insured between five and six millbn 
dollars, and increased our assets, besides losses paid, about 140 per 
cent. We consider this record worth boasting of." 



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Uewttal JaKce*, tk. 



Anderson* — R. L. Anderson, M. D., sends us first and second parts of a series of papers 
on the " Cause and Cure of Intemperance," which we accept with great pleasure. "We hope to 
insert the first in the Feb. No. 

Blakesly.— Dr. J. M. Blakesly has renoved from Mt. NCjrris, N. Y., to Iowa City, ^Iowa 

Bell»— Jas. S. Ball, M\ D., his removed' to Joliet, Ills., where he succeeds Dr. Cooper, who 
has formed a co-partnership with Dr. Van Liew, of Aurora, in same State. A good homoeopath- 
ist would do well in the place Dr. Bell has left. 

Browu.-J. E. Brown, M. D., has removed from Floyd, Iowa, to Eagle Harbor, Orleans 
Co., New York. 

Chajndler.— Dr. A. Chandler has left New Hartford, Butler Co., Iowa, and is now located- 
at Cameron, Clinton Co., Mo. 

Ellis.— Era8tus R. Ellis, M. D., a nephew of Prof John Ellis, of N. Y. City, has receutly 
located at Detroit. He comes well recommended, from Grand Rapids, his former location, as a 
skillful surgeon and successful physician. 

Frost.— J. H. P. Frost, M. D., has been elected to the Chair of Pathology in the Philadelphia 
Homoeopathic College. 

Garside.— Wra. Briggs Oarside, M. D., has removed from Lexington, Mass , to 40 East 4th 
street, New York City. 

Gau.se* — 0. B Cause, M. D , has been elected to the Chair of Obstetrics in Hahnemann 
Med College of Philadelphia, in place of H. N. Martin, M. D., who retains the Professorship 
of Clinical Medicine in the same Institution. 

Hamisfar.— C.W. Hamisfar, M.D., contributes a paper on the use of Hamamelis in wounds, 
which is gratefully accepted. 

He ring.— We cordially welcome the venerable Constantine Herino, M. D , to a place with 
the Collaborators of the Observer. The present number contains his recent Introductory, and 
we expect other contributions frequently. 

Hempel.— Dr. Hempel expects to remain in New York City until January, ne has been, 
engaged in translating Dr. Jahr's work on Venereal and Baehr's Homoeapathic Therapeutics 
both of whiah will be issued from the press shortly. 

Hooper.— Prof. Joseph Hooper recently gave a lecture on Homoeopathy to th? citizens of 
Corunna, Mich., in their Court House. It was favorably received, and will doubtless^ tend to 
dissipate many unreasonable prejudices. 

Linen thai. —S. Lilienthal, M. I)., of New York City, has sent us provings of Rhus vernix, 
by Preacher Kunze, Magdeburg, translated from "Hirschel's KliniCy" which, with other valuable 
contributions from his pen, we will insert with great pleasure in subsequent numbers. ' 

Rice.— N. B. Rice, M. D., a convert from Allopathy of last year, has entered into copartner- 
ship wilh Dr. Spinney, of East Saginaw, Michigan. 

Schley.— Dr. P. T. Schley has dissolved partnership with Dr. Cleckly. at Charleston. S. C, 
and opened an office at 64 Wen (worth street in that city. 

Ware.— Win. G*. Ware, M. D., has removed from East Boston, Mass., to East Dedham, 
Norfolk Co , Mass. 

New Homoeopathic Dispensaries.— Free Dispensary at 619 South State street, 
Chicago. Dr. H N. Small, attending physician. Consulting Physicians— Profs. Small, Cooke, 
Ludlam. Mitchell, and Hale. 

Free Dispensary at Buffalo, N. Y., No. 240 Main street Thirteen of the Homoeopathic 
physicians of Buffalo have volunteered for the work. This institution is incorpo/ated, the 
Board of Directors embracing some of the most prominent citizens of Buffalo. 



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JjJateia SteMta ft epatfmint 



PROF. EDWIN M. HALE, Editor. 



[For tbe American Homoeopathic Observer. J 
A MONOGRAPH UPON 

POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS AND P. PINICOLA. 

Their physiologic*) -pathological effects, together with their 

uses in disease. 

BY W.H. BUBT, Jf. D., LINCOLN, ILLINOIS. 



PREFACE. 

Nothing being known about the remedies when I commenced 
experimenting with them, I have found it to be a greater labor 
than I anticipated ; but I can assure the reader I have aimed 
to be conscientious in all my statements. All I claim for this 
monograph is simply that it is suggestive, and I hope the pro- 
fession will receive it as such. I am well aware that these, like 
all other new remedies, will receive opposition, because " every- 
thing new, like a new birth, comes with struggling and pangs. 
The old and useless in science and art, as in everything else, loves 
ease, hates change, dreads death, and battles against the new . 
until its last breath/' 

If the few suggestions thrown out in this little treatise will 
act as a stimulus to the profession, to further develope the great 
remedial powers that exist in the Polypori, the object of this 
monograph will be accomplished. 

I here record my obligations and sincere thanks to the follow- 
ing physicians for the aid they have given me in preparing this 
monograph : 

Dr. F. A. Lord, Chicago, 111. Dr. R. C Sxedley, West Chester, Pa. 

Dr. J. B. Wood, West Chester, Pa. Dr. E. C. Franklin, St. Louis, Mo. 
Dr. Wsi. H. Holcombe, New- Orleans, La. Dr. A Shbpheru, Springdale, Ohio. 

Dr. L. Hcbbell, Anarga, 111. Dr. R. E. W. Adams, Springfield, III. 

Dr. F. Ricb. Washington, Iowa. Dr. J. A. WakemaN, Centralis 111. 

Dr. W. O. Blaisdell, Macomb, 111. Dr. E. Coolet, St. Cloud, Minn. 

Db. T. Cation Duncan, Chicago, HI. Dr. Garnset, Batavia, 111. 

Db. E. M. Hals, Chicago, III. Rbv. M. A. Cubtm, Hillsborough, N. 0. 



Feb. 



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58 

I have also drawn from the writings of Dr. M. D. Coe, of 
St. Charles, 111., Dr. 0. F. Mann, of Ottawa, 111., Dr. W. A. 
Scott, Covington, Ky., and the American Dispensatory. 

I especially feel under obligation to Drs. Lord, Wood and 
Smedlet, for their valuable provings. 

I regret that I cannot give more provings of Polyporus pini- 
cola besides my own. 

I have made a partial proving of the active principle of 
Polyporus officinalis (Agaricine), and hope some day to perfect 
and give it to the profession, with an exhaustive proving of the 
Polypori. 

After a lengthy correspondence with the Rev. Dr. M. A. 
Curtis, of Hillsborough, N. C, an eminent cryptogamist, I 
have concluded to change the name, Boletus, to the true botan- 
ical name, Polyporus. He says that the " genus Boletus, as 
now constituted, includes only fleshy species, with a hymenium 
composed of sporable tubes. Those species formerly included 
in Boletus, and whose hymenium is composed of pores, now 
form the genus Polyporus. The above species fall into the 
latter genus." 

I am indebted to the Dr. for a specimen of the Polyporus 
officinalis from the Rocky Mountains, and a fine specimen of 
Polyporus pinicola from Sweden, sent by Fries, the founder of 
the species, to the Doctor. 

Owing to the undeveloped state of these remedies, I have 
made but few clinical remarks. 



POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS. 

Larch Agaric, White Agaric \ Purging Agaric of medical writers, 
Touchwood, Spunk.. Tinder, etc., etc. 

Natural Order. — Fungales, or FungaceaB. 
Sexual System. — Cryptogamia, Fungi. 

BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION. 

The Polyporus officinalis, or Larch agaric, is a fungus found 
growing upon the larch of Asia, Corintha, Russia, Honduras 
in Central America, and in the Rocky Mountains. " It grows 
in masses, varying from the size of an ordinary apple to that of 



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P0LYP0KU8 OFFICINALIS, ETC. 69 

a large nutmeg melon ; its shape somewhat resembles a horse's 
hoof; it is reddish-gray or yellow, externally, whitish internally, 
and of a spongy consistence." The hymenium is concrete, with 
the substance of the pileus consisting of sub-rotund pores, with 
their simple dissepiments. Pileus corky- fleshy, ungulate, zoned, 
smooth. Pore% yellowish." 

HISTORY. 

" These plants afford a great diversity of form and structure, 
being, in the simplest character, little articulated filaments, 
composed of cellules, as in the mildew of the rosebush, and in 
moldiness, mucor: again they may present an even and imper- 
forate surface, and another, separated into plates or cells, in 
which the sporules are deposited." " They absorb a great 
amount of oxygen, with evolution of hydrogen and carbonic 
acid gas, and contain a considerable proportion of nitrogen." 
They are destructive to nearly all organic matter upon which 
they grow. Several species of the mushroom are used as food, 
several are poisonous, and two have been ranked among officinal 
medicines in Europe." 

It has been analyzed by Braconnot, and consists of 72 parts 
resinous matter, two of bitter extractive, and 26 of fungin, a 
nutritious animalized principle, constituting the base of the 
fleshy substance of mushrooms. It also contains benzoic acid 
and various saline compounds. 

MEDICAL HISTORY. 

Dr. Wm. M. McPheeters has published, in the St. Louis 
Medical and Surgical Journal (X. 421) an account of several 
cases, in which he tried a specimen of the Polyporus officinalis, 
brought from the Rocky Mountains, in almost all of which it 
proved decidedly cathartic. The dose was 28 grains, which it 
was sometimes necessary to repeat." It has been used as a 
purgative in half drachm or drachm doses. In larger doses as 
an emetic. In doses from three to ten grains, gradually increas- 
ing to sixty grains, in the course of twenty-four hours, it has 
been found efficacious in arresting the nocturnal perspiration of 
consumptives." "Externally, it has been used, together with 
the Agaric of the Oak y as a styptic, and said to restrain not 
only venous, but arterial hemorrhages, without the use of liga- 



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60 POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS, ETC. 

tures." "Prepared with nitre, as for tinder, it has been used as 
a species of moxa." 

The Indians of the Rocky Mountains use the Polyporus 
habitually as a purge, in preference to all other purgatives. 

PREPARATIONS. 

The Polyporus officinalis should be used in the form of a 
trituration or tincture. I prefer the trituration. The Polypo- 
fus pinicola should be used in tincture made from the green sub- 
stance ; if dried, it is useless. The same remarks will apply 
to the Polypore that comes from the tamarack. 

I have been informed by good authority that all the Polyporus 
officinalis I have made use of came from Hondurus, Central 
America. That which grows in the Rocky Mountains is prob- 
ably just as good. 

PROVING8 BY F. A. LORD, M. D., OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS. 

I will premise the account of the provings upon myself by saying, 
that I think I am rather unsusceptible to the influence of medicine. 
I have at different times attempted a number of provings of different 
drugs, and failed to elicit satisfactory symptoms in anything short of 
more massive doses than I thought prudent to take while obliged to 
be engaged in constant and laborious country practice, My temper- 
ament is bilious-nervous ; eyes and hair dark ; height, five feet 
eight inches ; of spare habit ; usual health good. 

July 18. — Prepared the first decimal trituration of the Polypo- 
rus officinalis, and took two grains, at 11 a. m., and the same dose at 
1 p. m.; experiencing no effect. 

19. — Took two grains at 7 and 10 a. m., 1:47 and 10 p. m , without 
any marked effect. 

20. — Took two grains at 7,at 9 a.m. and 9:15 am. Felt slight uneas- 
iness in sub-umbilical region, which gradually increased, with inclina- 
tion to go to stool, having about an hour previously had my usual morn- 
ing stool* During the stool which followed, a shooting pain extended up 
on each side of the umbilicus, towards the iliac, and then seemed to 
extend to the floor of the pelvis, in a ring around the rectum. These 
pains were not very severe, abated somewhat, but did not entirely 
disappear after stool. In about fifteen minutes a slight pain shot up 
the back of the neck, from between the shoulder-blades, followed by 
a little soreness of the occipital region, with disposition to throw the 
head back. This soon disappeared. 12 m., took two grains. An 
unpleasant sensation, not amounting to pain, continued about the 
anus. Was seated in my office, writing, most of the morning. 3 p. 
m., took two grains, and one grain at 8 p. m. At 9 p. m. had a soft, 
mushy stool, similar to the one in the morning, but without the 
accompanying symptoms. 10 p. m. took two grains. Have not felt 



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POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS, ETC. 61 

the unpleasant sensation about the anus since 1 p. m. Slept soundly 
all night. 

21 — 7 a. m., took four grains. Not as much appetite for breakfast 
as common. No stool at the usual time. 9| a. m., mushy stool, pre- 
ceded by the same pains in the lower posterior of the abdomen, which 
immediately passed off after stool. Took four grains at 10 a. m., 
1 and 3 p. m.. Took eight grains at 6 p m.; 10 p. m., took ten grains. 
Felt slight uneasiness in the bowels after retiring. Slept soundly all 
night. 

22. — Feel well ; had ray usual stool after breakfast. 9 a. m., took 
20 grains. Slight disposition to go to stool at 10£ a. m. Soon 
passed off. 

28. — Have felt no perceptible effect from the remedy since the 
22d. Being in usual health, at 4 p. m. took 40 grains 1st decimal. 
In about an hour felt slight uneasiness, as if I would have a stool. 
This soon passed away. Soon after felt a prickling in the end of the 
tongue, which also soon passed away. 

29. — Slept well. 7 a. m., took sixty grains. No marked effect. 
Have taken, in all, 182 grains. 

SECOND PROVING. 

Oct. 27. — Took ten grains crude Polyporus officinalis, well tritura- 
ted, at 6 p. m., and ten grains at 9 p. m. Slept well. 

28. — Had not my usual morning stool. 12 m., took ten grains. 
Natural stool at 3 p. m. In the evening I thoughtlessly drank a glass 
of ale. Slept well, 

29. — Awoke with a dull pain in the head, which continued all day. 
Thinking the headache might be the effect of the ale, 1 discontinued 
the proving. 

31. —Feeling perfectly well, I took ten grains crude article, fasting 
in the morning. 12 m., took twenty grains. No marked effect. 

Nov. 1 — 12 m., took 40 grains crude Polyporus on an empty stom- 
ach. In twenty minutes, nausea. 1 p. m., while sitting in a warm 
room, by a fire, reading, I felt slight chilliness creep up the back to 
nape of the neck, most noticeable between the shoulder-blades. This 
was succeeded by a general feeling of chilliness, lasting for several 
minutes. For the moment, it did not seem to me that this was the 
effect of the drug. I imagined the room was getting too cool, and 
rose to stir the fire, when the truth occurred to me. I mention this 
to show that this symptom was no imaginary one, caused by any expec- 
tation of such an effect. Soon after felt a slight momentary pain in 
hypogastric region ; in a few minutes experienced similnr pains in 
both hypochondria, then a momentary twinge over the left eyebrow, 
and a slight feeling of fullness in the head. This was again imme- 
diately followed by heartburn, with acid risings ; rawness and scraping 
in the throat. 8£ p. m., copious, soft, mushy stool, followed by slight 
uneasiness in the umbilical region. Feel weak and depressed, and 
indisposed to any exertion, physical or mental. 4 p m., chilliness 
between the shoulder-blades. The uneasiness of the bowels contin- 
ues. No appetite for supper, which is contrary to my usual habit. 



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62 POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS, ETC. 

The disagreeable feeling in my throat has continued all the afternoon 
and evening ; have been low-spirited and irritable. 

2. — Slept well last night, but awoke with a dull pain in the brad, 
with sensation of soreness in the brain, increased by stooping or 
shaking the head. This headache is precisely similar to that experi- 
enced on the 29th ult., which I attributed to the glass of ale. 1 now 
believe that the pain at that time was caused by the Polyporus. 9 a. 
m., scanty stool. Feel dull and indisposed to exertion. For five days 
succeeding this I had not my usual appetite or spirits. Suffered from 
a general feeling of not being quite well, but without any special 
describable pains or symptoms. It was precisely the feeling of one 
who is said to be " bilious." 

THIRD PROVING. 

Nov. 13. — Feeling perfectly well. Took 20 grains crude Polyporus 
officinalis, well triturated. In half an hour, while riding in th« coun- 
try, weather fine, I felt a sharp pain, for about a miuute exactly 
where the pulse is in the right wrist, and seeming to extend along the 
course of the artery for about two inches above the joint. The pain 
was quite severe and very sudden in coming on ; about like a shock 
from a galvanic battery. Soon after, while still riding, I felt a similar 
pain, for about half a minute, in the right shoulder, seeming to be in 
the joint and thence outward to the deltoid muscle. 1 p. m., poor 
appetite for dinner. 2 p. m., while writing felt a pain precisely like 
that experienced in the wrist, just above the elbow joint, and external 
to the tendon of the biceps muscle ; lasted but a moment. In a few 
seconds felt a similar pain in the left knee, on the ipternal side. 3 p. 
m., lacerating pains here and there throughout the abdomen, for about 
five minutes; the pains then became located in the hypogastric region 
and continued one hour, with slight inclination to go to stool. The 
pains then became easier, though they had not entirely passed away 
at tea-time. With these symptoms there was a general undefinable 
feeling of malaise, which lasted all day. 9 p. m., felt the same pain 
which affected the arm and leg in the morning, in the inner border of 
the right foot, then in the right arm, and then in the left side of the 
neck. 9-j- p. m., soft, mushy stool, unattended with pain. Ten min- 
utes after, felt a pain similar to those already described in the lower 
portion of the abdomen, extending to the right hypochondrium ; also 
at about the same time in the right temple. Retired at 10 p. m. 
Soon after getting into bed, experienced a sharp pain in the glans 
penis ; very severe ; then slight drawing pains in the left side of the 
neck and in the right upper arm. Slept well ; awoke feeling well 
next morning. Slight diminution of appetite for 48 hours. No other 
symptoms. 

FOURTH PROVING. 

Nov. 17. — Am well 9 a. m., took 40 grains crude Polyporus offici- 
nalis. Very dull and depressed all day. No other symptoms. 

I will not attempt to offer any comments on the above provings, but 
leave others to draw their own conclusions. I may add, however, 



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P0LYP0RU8 OFFICINALIS, ETC. 68 

that I have never seen a proving of the Polyporua officinalis, by any 
other person. 

[It is to be regretted that the doctor did not press these provings 
a little longer each time, but as it is, they are vory interesting and 
suggestive.— B.] 

PROVING BT It. C. SMBDLEY, M. D. 

Feb. 8. — Took, in morning, three grains of third decimal 
trituration, and five grains, afternoon and in evening. No symptoms, 
except a few sharp pains through temples. 

Feb. 9. — Took ten grains third trituration at 9 a. m., at 12, and at 
9 p. m. Dull pain through temples, some nausea, particularly in 
throat. 

Feb. 10. — Took, in morning, 30 grains third; at noon, 60 ; in eve- 
ning, 1< ; all of third. No symptoms, except tonic effects, invigo- 
rated digestion, though, at times, nausea. 

Feb 11. — Took, in morning, 80 grains first trituration (decimal), 
100 at 11 o'clock, and at 3 o'clock 100 more. Appetite and digestion 
invigorated. Some uneasiness in bowels, from increased vermicular 
action, and dull frontal headache. 

Feb. 12. — Took, in morning, 100 grains 1st decimal trituration, at 
1 1 o'clock 160, and at 4 o'clock 200. Digestion invigorated ; its 
effects were decidedly tonic. In evening there was dull frontal head- 
ache, increased vermicular aotion of bowels, and emission of foetid 
flatulence. 

Feb. 13. — Took, at 10 o'clock, 20 grains of the crude article. Felt 
some nausea, particularly in the throat and fauces. Severe sharp 
cutting pains in stomach and bowels. Muoh flatus in bowels, and 
feeling as if diarrhoea would set in. Continuous, oppressive headache 
in forehead and temples all day. In evening, feeling as if lump in 
stomach ; nausea. Increased secretion of urine. 

Feb. 14. — At 10 o'clock took 30 grains of the crude article. Had 
during the day, very sharp pains in stomach, almost constant borbor- 
igmus ; after several hours, coldness of stomach, followed by burn- 
ing, aohing in thighs, and bend of knees ; aohing soreness through 
temples ; unusual chilliness when the open air is encountered, with 
icy coldness of the nose. Whether this last symptom was occasioned 
by the medicine or not, I cannot say, but I did not experience it 
before, even during the extreme cold weather of this winter. In- 
creased desire to urinate. 

Feb. 15. — Took none to-day ; feel weak and languid. 

Feb. 16. — Took 50 grains crude article before breakfast. Felt sick 
at stomach. Dull, heavy pains through temples and in forehead. 
Sharp, cutting, lancinating pains in stomach ; at times shuddering ; 
rather nervous than from real chilliness; coldness of nose ; flat, 
metallic or coppery taste ; yellow tinge of tongue ; rumbling in 
bowels, as from fermentation ; emission of flatulence ; bowels costive ; 
increased urination ; very little appetite. Instead of being tonic, as 
before, its effects were now enervating. 

Feb. 17. — Took none to-day. Dull feeling in head ; yellow coating 



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64 POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS, ETC. 

of tongue ; sweetish, nauseous caste ; passage of dry, hard, faeces ; 
little appetite; desire for sour things, which have always relieved the 
symptoms ; henee I would regard them as antidotes to the Polyporus. 
The dull frontal headache and frequent desire to urinate, continue. 

My temperament is nervo-lymphatic, rather more of the nervous. 
JEt. 34. Suffered years ago from dyspepsia and overtasking my nerv- 
ous system. Have pretty good health now, hut feel a nervous exhaus- 
tion when over-labored. My nervous symptoms I omitted, as I some- 
times feel them when taking no medicine. I have not tried the 
Polyporus in any cases yet, excepting sick-headache, which you have 
a report of. I think, with a previous writer (yourself, I believe,) that 
in small doses it will be found useful where Iron or Quinine would 
be given. 

[This proving,although but fragmentary, is certainly suggestive. — B.] 

PROVING BY J. B WOOD, M. D., OF WEST CHESTER, PA. 

Temperament bilious, set. 48 years In good health. 

Feb. 6. — Took one grain first trituration. Drawing pains several 
times through the day, in the back and legs ; frequent urination 
during the night. 

Feb. 7. — Took two grains twice through the day. In the evening 
tight feeling of the forehead, with slight headache. 

Feb 8. — Took four grains. Twice during the day had slight pain 
in the bowels (general) ; tightness of the forehead, as yesterday. 

Feb 9. — This morning have a dull, aching pain, over the whole 
lower abdomen. Took six grains first trituration, 7 a. m., and six 
grains more at 1 p. m. Felt uneasiness in the lower abdomen all day, 
as if diarrhcea would come on. 

Feb. 10. -Took 20 grains. Sensation as if diarrhoea would come 
on ; then slight motion of the bowels. Tightness across the forehead, 
with dull headaohe. Dream much at night. Urine profuse and light- 
colored. 

Feb. 11. — Took 100 grains first trituration (in all, 300 grains). 
Uneasiness of the abdomen, with looseness of the bowels. Took no 
more medicine for three days. 

Feb. 14. — Took five grains crude drug, in the morning, and at 2 p. 
m. took five grains more. Uneasiness of the bowels ; itching over the 
whole body, most violent between the scapula and on the fore-arms ; 
continued dullness of the forehead, with slight aching. 

Feb. 15. — Took 20 grains, at 7 a. m. Passed urine freely at 10 a. 
m., 12 m., 2, 4, 6 and 9, p. m.; pale, almost colorless. Desire to pass 
urine was constant. Dullness of the forehead. Slight aching uneasi- 
ness in the whole abdomen, with slight pain all night Loose stool, 
with qualmishness. 

Feb. 16. — 8 a. M. t took 10 grains. Constant desire to urinate. 
Desire for stool, with muoh flatulence. 9 a. m., loose stool. Passed 
urine profusely at 10 a. m.,, 12 m. and 2 p. m. Headache, qualmish- 
ness, relieved by eructations. 2-J- p. m., diarrhceic stool, expelled with 
great force. Profuse discharge of urine. Dull headache. 3£ p. m., 
■ copious fluid stool, expelled with great force, and another stool at 4 ; 



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PHARMACODYNAMICS. 66 

the same character. Much thirst, continued pain over the whole 
abdomen ; eructations. 

Feb. 17. — Uneasiness in the abdomen during the night; no stool; 
profuse urination. Heaviness of the forehead. 9 a. m., loose, yellow 
stool, with pain afterwards. 6 p. m., loose stool, with pain. 

Feb. 18. — Bowels loose; aohing in the small of the back all day. 

Feb. 19. — Loose stool, with tenesmus at 2 and 3 p. m. 

Feb. 22. — Six days have elapsed sinoe taking the last dose, and my 
bowels have not become regular yet. 

[It is interesting to the physician to see how differently the same 
remedy will affect different organibind. The symptoms noted by Dr. 
Wood on the urinary organs have not been produced by any other 
person. This shows us how important it is that we have proviugs 
made of each remedy upon a large number of persons of both sexes. -B.] 



rFor the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
PHARMACODYNAMICS.* 



The author of this work is a writer of decided ability. The 
scope and aim of the book is best described by the author in 
his preface, wherein he says : " It makes no attempt at the 
exhaustiveness proper to a monograph. It aims at presenting, 
in a concise and memorable form, the great body of information 
concerning drug action, in the possession of which stands the 
difficulties of the homoeopathic physician. It has been 
arranged in two divisions. The first, constituting the present 
volume, is on Pharmacodynamics. The second, which will 
appear shortly, will be on Therapeutics. The former takes up 
the subject from the side of drugs, the latter from that of dis- 
eases. Between the two I hope to furnish to students and 
beginners in homoeopathy a free digest of the knowledge pecu- 
liar to our school of medicine." 

The work is written in the form of a series of letters to a 
physician who has just been converted to the practice of 
homoeopathy. In each letter several medicines are taken up 
and their pathogenetic and curative effects considered in a 
familiar manner. There are forty-three letters in all, and in 
these letters two hundred medicines are treated of. Of some of 
the medicines he makes but mere mention ; of others he gives 

♦A Manual of Pharmacodynamics. By Richard Hughes, S. R. C. P. (Exam.) L. R. C P. 
EngL London, 1867. For sale at Detroit Homoeopathic Pharmacy. Price $5. 



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66 PHARMACODYNAMICS. 

an extended and critical analysis. Some of these analyses are 
so thorough, and at the same time so concise, that they rival if 
not excel the admirable analyses of Dunham, Wells and Morgan. 

As a writer on Materia Medica, Dr. Hughes is singularly 
impartial and candid. He does not hesitate to glean from all 
sources, but with a rare discrimination, generally selects the 
wheat from the chaff, while he avoids any invidious remarks or 
uncourteous language. In fact, I know of no work of the 
same kind as free from objectionable matter. He very properly 
recommends his readers to " obtain, whenever practicable, the 
primary records themselves, which have a life and a freshness 
quite unfelt in a second-hand compilation." To carry out this 
recommendation, he advises the perusal and study of " Hahne- 
mann's Materia Medica Pura," and the " Chronic Diseases," 
HempeFs Materia Medica," u Teste's Materia Medica," "Hale's 
New Remedies," and the " Provings " in the various English, 
European and American Journals. 

In each medicine mentioned, Dr. Hughes gives the authori- 
ties which may be consulted for a complete knowledge of such 
medicine. In this respect the book will prove of great value to 
physician and student, by placing before him the names of the 
authorities, and even the volume and page wherein any medi- 
cine is mentioned. This, we believe, was the plan adopted by 
the late Dr. Peterson in the " Dispensatory/' about being pub- 
lished by Dr. Lodge. 

I fully concur with Dr. Hughes in the importance of consult- 
ing the original provings of a medicine. We then know the 
amount of medicine used in the experiments, the history of the 
symptoms as they were produced, and the rise and progress of 
the drug-disease. He characterizes the " pathogenesis," as 
published by some authorities, as " uninstructive and uninte- 
resting as possible." " They have thrown together," he says, 
"the whole mass of symptoms observed by the various pro vers, 
and have re-arranged them under regional headings and accord- 
ing to an anatomico-physiological 6 scheme.' The result of 
unknown doses of the drug, often without note of their time of 
appearing relative to its ingestion, and divorced from their nat- 
ural groupings and connections, these symptoms present to the 

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PHABMACODYNAMICS. 67 

student a maze for Theseus, a riddle for (Edipus. It is as 
though the features of some half a dozen English landscapes 
were brought together within one frame, all the trees being put 
into one panel, all the clouds into another, all the pieces of 
water into another, and so on ; and that the spectator we/e 
then called upon to identify the particular bits of scenery which 
the original paintings were intended to represent. From such 
disjecta membra of pathogenesy hints for practice may be and 
have been drawn ; but the attempt to trace in them veritable 
pictures of disease, are well-nigh hopeless/' 

All physicians will recognize this as a very fair criticism on 
the usual method of arrangement of symptoms into a "scheme." 
If we must have " pathogeneses/' let us adopt a better and 
more systematic plan. This I have attempted in the patho- 
genesis of Myrica, published in the January number of this 
journal. But after all our pains, we are obliged to consult the 
original provings for a clear idea of the character of the drug 
malady. 

One letter is devoted to a criticism of the homoeopathic 
" nomenclature and pharmaceutics," in which a good many good 
points are made, and many desirable improvements recom- 
mended. 

Dr. Hughes does not admire the use of the " globule." In 
common with many of the best men of our school, he "looks 
upon its adoption by Hahnemann and his immediate followers 
as a mistake. Not merely from its ridicule-exciting smallness, 
for the modern pilule removes that reproach, but from the 
objectional nature of the preparation." He advises tinctures 
and triturations of the medicine, and we believe that such prep- 
arations are generally the best. We must admit, however, that 
there are some arguments in favor of the a pellet." 

Dr. Hughes is very catholic on the subject of dose, recom- 
mending the mother tincture, and the dilutions, up to the 
200th, as the nature of the drug seems to admit. 

We have three faults to point out in the arrangement of the 
book. These, however, do not seriously detract from the value 
of the work, and may hereafter be remedied. 

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68 PHARMACODYNAMICS. * 

I. With the exception of the first letter, treating of the 
" Acids," the medicines are taken up alphabetically. It is time 
that this arbitrary and unscientific arrangement was dropped. 
When writing the Materia Medica of the New Remedies, I felt 
the necessity of some methodical arrangement, but there were 
many reasons why I could not arrange the remedies otherwise.. 

If Dr. Hughes had taken up the various remedies in groups, 
according to their action, as he understands them, and given us 
his views relating to the general action of such group, he would 
have done much better than Teste, whose groupings are gene- 
rally arbitrary and illogical. 

In general, Dr. Hughes points out the analogues of certain 
drugs with excellent judgment, but we confess we cannot see 
the similarity in a few of his instances. 

II. Although over 200 medicines are mentioned, we should 
like the work better if he had neglected none. A writer whose 
judgment is so excellent, should give his opinion on all med- 
icines. 

III. The book is not as extensive as we could desire. Al- 
though Dr. Hughes points out with rare accuracy the salient 
points of a medicine, we should have been better pleased had 
he drawn closer comparisons, and a more extensive differential 
diagnosis. 

One of the most useful and practical advantages to be 
obtained from this book is the large amount of personal expe- 
rience which Dr. Hughes gives us. He seems to have tested 
the virtues of nearly all our remedies, old and new, and he gives 
the results of such use in a candid manner ; not only the dis- 
eases in which he has used them, but the dose he has found 
most useful. 

We are half inclined to criticise his estimate of the sphere of 
action of Lycopodium. He thinks it has "no direct neurotic, 
haematic or myotic influence. It is a purely vegetative remedy, 
affecting the three great tracts of mucous membrane with their 
cutaneous continuations." This would be a very consistent 
opinion, did he not apparently confirm the asserted pathogno- 
monic indication put forth by Dr. Wilson of England, namely, 
the faw-like motion of the alce-nasi. Now we believe that this 



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PHARMACODYNAMICS. 69 

symptom, even in pulmonic disease, is a sure indication of pro- 
found depression or the nervous centres. If, therefore, Lycopo- 
dium will remove this symptom, it must have some influence, 
more or less potent, as a u neurotic" For our own part, 
although I do not wish to doubt the veracity of those who claim 
to have cured grave diseases wherein this peculiar symptom 
appeared, we have not been able to verify its value in such cases. 

During the last three years three instances have occurred in 
which this symptom was prominent, and in each case Lycopo- 
dium failed to have any effect. 

The first case was one of scarlatina. The fan-like motion 
of the alee-nasi was very prominent ; many other symptoms of 
the case resembled those of Lycopodium. The 30th was given 
by Dr. Small, my partner, but the patient died the next day. 

In the next case this symptom occurred in the last stage of 
lobular pneumonia in an infant. Neither the 30th or the 6th 
produced any improvement. 

The third instance was in a case of meningitis in a child, but 
the third trituration, and afterward the 500th, failed to cause 
the slightest improvement. 

We beg pardon for this divergence. We cordially commend 
this book to the perusal of homoeopathicians on this side of the 
Atlantic, and advise it as one of the best works to place in the 
hands of candid allopathic physicians. If anything short of 
actual experimentation and experience with our medicines, can 
convince them of the truths |of homoeopathy, this work will 
have the desired effect. 

We shall look with pleasant anticipations for the appearance 
of the second volume, on the " Therapeutics," which Dr. 
Hughes promises to give us. E. M. H, 

* As illustrative of the action of Lycopodium as a neurotic, I refer the reader to a case 
reported by myself in the New England Medical Gazette, February, 1868. H. 



Baptisia. — Dr. Richard Hughes says that he has never yet been 
disappointed with this drug in typhoid fever. His confidence in its 
power is unabated. He refers to the testimonies as to its value, 
which are accumulating, and says : " It is a very unique drug. I 
can hardly liken it to any other, unless it be Gelseminum." 



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©liuital ftetiratax 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
AN ANOMALOUS CASE. 

BY J. F. MERRITr, M. D., 8TAAT8BUBOH, R. T. 



Friday, April 15, was called to see GL W., set. 20, of 
scrofulous diathesis, with an attack of erysipelas of the right 
ala of the nose, extending up to the orbit, partially involving 
the palpebrra and parts immediately below the orbit. The 
tongue was covered with a dingy-colored fur, the tip being red. 
Pulse 88. Complains of some soreness of the nasal passages 
of that side. He has a small, unhealthy-looking, superficial 
ulcer upon the internal malleolus of the left leg, surrounded by 
a darkish areola ; darkest next the rim of the ulcer, and grad- 
ually and imperceptibly shading off into sound skin. Vesicles 
appeared here and there, but were yet few and small, ft Rhus 
toxicodendron. 

At the end of two days the inflammation had extended up 
the forehead, until it had come % to involve the whole forehead, 
both temples and ears. It was worthy of attention that as the 
disease entered the hairy scalp, it broke up into erythematous 
patches, sound skin appearing between. Ultimate resolution 
took place, and about five days from beginning of treatment,*' 
viz : about April 20th, medical attendance was discontinued, 
and nothing was heard of the case until Saturday, the 25th of 
April, when I was again summoned, and found that the inflam- 
mation was again lighted up in the parts in which it had first 
appeared. The nostril of that side was completely closed, even 
against the passage of air. The disease had traveled by the 
lachrymal canal to the inner canthus of the eye. Pulse 88 to 
90. Tongue slightly coated ; the tongue having entirely 
cleaned off during the interval. The eye presented a singular 
appearance. A false membrane of a dirty whitish color cohered 
the conjunctiva, and at the corneal line of the conjunctiva 
seemed to be raised an eighth of an inch above the plane of the 

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AN ANOMALOUS CASE. 71 

cornea, so that the cornea seemed to be imbedded in the con- 
junctiva. The false membrane had assumed the appearance of 
an immense bleb. The same false membrane covered the inside 
of the palpebrae. So far as could be ascertained, there was no 
redness of the eye, to indicate inflammation of the tissues of 
the eyes. The inflammation of the external parts differed this 
time from that which first appeared, in this, that the termina- 
tion of the diseased surface was by a well-defined festooned 
edge then, whereas it now shaded off so gradually into sound 
skin as to leave no line of demarcation. 

Looking into the throat, for he complained of some soreness 
there, I discovered diphtheritic exudation upon the palate, 
uvula and tonsils. This was also true of the membrane lining 
the right nostril. The parts not yet covered by the false mem- 
brane, lying contiguous, presented a dark hue, almost like that 
of mahogany. The ulcer upon the leg looked dark, almost 
black ; portions of it were covered with patches of false mem- 
brane, like that upon the conjunctiva, uvula} &c, &c. The 
odor of the breath was highly offensive. He had occasional 
attacks of haemorrhage from the left nostril. 

Dr. Vanderburgh was in consultation in the case, at this 
stage, April 30th. ft Phytolacca decandra. On the next 
day the breathing became stridulous ; pulse 130-140 ; cir- 
culation feeble, and the decarbonization of the blood very im- 
perfect. The intellect remained clear up to within a few hours 
of death. He died at 5 p. m. of that day, May 1st. 

I had appended to the original record of the case my own 
views of its nature, in what respects the two attacks differed, 
and my reasons for drawing that conclusion ; but I believe 
your space can be more profitably occupied than by using it for 
this. Let every one think for himself. It is hoped that some 
of the thinking will be done aloud. For one, I like to hear 
the opinions of others and their reasons for forming them. I 
will venture to say of any one who may read this case, that 
whatever else he may think of it, he will agree with me that 
few ,occur like it. The case had much interest for me from 
the circumstance that a case of diphtheria following erysipelas 
(but which was not fatal) occurred in my practice some four or 



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78 ARTICULAR RHEUMATISM. 

five years ago, and which was reported in the North American 
Journal of Homoeopathy at that time. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
ARTICULAR RHEUMATISM -KNEE JOINTS. 

BT C. D. WILLIAMS, M. D., 8T. PAUL, MINN. 



Mr. McF., age about fifty-five, lyraphatic-sanguinous tem- 
perament, was severely attacked with articular rheumatism, 
manifesting severe constitutional symptoms, as follows : Tongue 
furred thickly and of dark brown color, surmounted by copious 
layers of slime. Pulse full, hard and frequent ; general fever ; 
great general nervous excitement ; severe mental prostration 
and ennui ; constipation of the bowels ; loss of sleep. To 
these symptoms were added intense pain through the knee-joint, 
with swelling ; inability to move the joints ; extreme tender- 
ness to tjie touch ; great weakness of the joints ; the patient 
compelled to keep a horizontal position, lying only on the back. 

This case, as above described, was placed in the hands of the 
most popular and astute allopathists in the city, and remained 
in their hands for five weeks, during which time, the patient 
informed me, he had swallowed the contents of two drug stores, 
"and cleaned them out," with no other result than an increase 
of all his sufferings. Judging from the tables loaded with 
vials, bottles, pill-boxes, powders, blisters, plasters, washes, 
broken lancets, steaming apparatus, &c, &c, I concluded the 
statement was not far from correct. Resolving myself into " a 
board of health," these remnants of folly and barbarism were 
ordered removed and a prescription of Nux vomica 2d trit., alter- 
nately with Aconite 8 , in water, were put in their places. Saw 
the patient next morning ; found his pain somewhat abated ; 
continued the remedies. Next day found him " in statu quo." 
Gave Bryonia and Aconite 8 . No improvement. After two 
days, Ruta graveolens was prescribed, but with no beneficial 
result. 

I now determined to have recourse to Apocynum androsemi- 
foUum. Prepared the first decimal dilution. Prescribed five 
drops every two hourse. Next morning saw my patient. He 

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IMPORTANT CASE OF GANGBENE. 78 

told me, within thirty minutes from taking the first dose, the 
pain nearly or quite abated. Had slept well ; fever gone, and 
general symptoms much improved. Continued the medicine. 
Next day the pain in the joint entirely gone. Swelling much 
diminished. Could bend the joint without pain. Tongue 
cleaning off; pulse soft and nearly normal ; bowels regular ; 
appetite returned. Medicine continued, and at the end of the 
sixth day the case was cured and the medicine stopped. 

These are briefly the facts in this case, condensed from my 
journal. There will doubtless be other cases of the kind occur- 
ring as the Fall of the year approaches, when I will make fur- 
ther practical trials of this medicine. The tense and stimula- 
ting qualities of the atmosphere in this climate, leaves no 
uncertain characteristics of rheumatism, when it occurs in any 
form. Patients had better not come to Minnesota for the pur- 
pose of curing rheumatism by climate. 

If you should deem this case of sufficient importance, as 
showing the efficacy of one of the new remedies in this form of 
suffering, it is at your disposal. In conclusion will barely 
remark, that I am treating a case of Scorlmtis, which has been 
abandoned by the profession generally as incurable, with the 
single remedy Agave Americanus, with very flattering prospects 
of cure. You shall have the details in due time, if desired. 



' [For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
IMPORTANT CASE OF GANGRENE. 

BT L. TOUNGHU3BAND, A. M., M. D. 

Mr. M 1, a German, aged 49 years, had been for three 

weeks under the care of an Allopath, who is said to be one of 
the best-read surgeons in this State. 

I could not learn from the patient what this surgeon's diag- 
nosis was at the commencement of his illness. A few days 
before I saw the man, his disease had been pronounced a fatal 
case of gangrene. The patient came under my treatment after 
the Allopath had given him up to die. The sight was the 
worst I ever beheld. I hope I shall not soon witness a similar 
8 



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74 IMPOBTANT CASK OP GANGBENE. 

one. The atmosphere of the patient's room was unbearable. 
The stench proceeding from the mortified part filled the whole 
house. The patient, lying on his front, was evidently in a 
dying condition. Among the many symptoms, I noticed great 
anguish, as the countenance indicated ; rapid failing of strength ; 
sleeplessness for several nights ; marked uneasiness in every 
part of the body ; despairing of life ; diarrhoea, immediately 
after eating, with considerable tenesmus ; evacuations of undi- 
gested food ; serous effusion into the cellular membrane of the 
lower extremities, which pitted on pressure ; skin of the legs 
and feet white and shining ; great emaciation ; pulse frequent 
andjeeble ; sordes on the teeth ; tongue dry and parched. On 
the back and hips was a gangrenous ulcer, extending in length 
from the spinous process of the eighth dorsal vertebra to the 
middle of the sacrum, and in width, from the anterior superior 
spine of the ilium, on the one side, to within an inchof the 
same point on the other. 

The fetor was a plentiful emanation of sulphuretted hydro- 
gen gas. From the shape of the ulcer, it must have been a 
carbuncle at first, and afterwards mortification setting in, from 
the want of proper treatment. As near as I could learn from 
the family, it commenced like a common furunculus, getting 
larger each day until it reached the size of the top of on ordi- 
nary bucket. The skin covering the monster was very black 
and thick, resembling very much the rind of bacon ; equally as 
dense and as difficult to cut. I found a small incision near the 
middle of the ulcer, made probably with a thumb lancet, but 
not deep enough to let out the pent-up matter. 

Of late years there has been a tendency to leave such cases 
entirely to the care of nature. The surgeon, instead of being 
an energetic actor, is a mere spectator, for which he gets well 
paid. I am satisfied that the carrying out of this dangerous 
doctrine placed my friend " on the brink of the grave." 

Had this allopath used his knife as freely as the case 
demanded, cutting the carbuncle down to the bottom, and thus 
opening up a way for the matter to escape, he would have had 
little trouble in keeping it within due bounds. 

I made free incision with the knife, letting out over a pint of 



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OERBBBO-SPINAL MENINCUTIS. 75 

sloughs, applied the ulmus poultice, made with yeast, renew- 
ing often and washing the sore with soft water at each dressing ; 
opening the doors and windows to give the patient the benefit of 
fresh air ; made free use of the Calcis chloridum as a disinfect- 
ing agent ; gave him Arsenicum, which appeared to cover the 
totality of the symptoms. The next day I found him much 
better ; the pulse was not so frequent, and some stronger ; 
tongue moist ; less anguish on the face ; had slept nearly all 
night ; fancied I could see the f line of demarcation ; continued 
the same treatment. The next day I found him continuing to 
improve ; line of demarcation quite visible, consequently I 
operated, cutting out the whole mass of the gangrenous part, 
being careful not to approach too close to the healthy portions 
with the knife. The cavity thus formed was of large size, 
mortification having destroyed nearly every layer of muscle. 
It seemed as if I had cut away the whole back down to the 
neighborhood of the vitals, and the important question, " will it 
heal up again?" came without invitation into my mind. Time 
has shown. In about five weeks the cavity filled, and the 
patient did well, benigno numine. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
CEREBROSPINAL MENINGITIS. 

BT OEOROB B. PALMER, K. D., BAST HAMILTON, K. T. 



Much has been written during the last eight years concern- 
ing this disease (known as spottsd fever, brain fever, etc.,) by 
physicians of various schools, who have presented various 
remedies and means for its appropriate treatment. Our own 
periodicals have contained numerous articles, and the transac- 
tions of our medical societies show that this form of disease 
has attracted a due share of attention from the homoeopathic 
profession in all parts of our country. 

I do not intend in this paper to go into a minute pathologi- 
cal description of this malady. This has been ably done by 
several writers before me. I only wish to come at once to the 
practical point, and speak of those remedies which have been 

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76 OEBEBBO-SPINAL MENINGITIS. 

most successful in my hands, hoping that these suggestions may 
possibly be of service to some one. 

The first which I would mention is Cimicifuga racemosa. A 
careful study of the pathogenesis of this remedy, particularly 
those symptoms which show its effect upon the brain and its 
meninges, will disclose many striking points of similarity to 
the developments of this disease. One of the most common 
indications, upon which I have most frequently based selection 
of this remedy, is soreness and bruised feeling of the muscles, 
sometimes general, but oftener confined to a circumscribed 
spot, and that changing frequently. The pain is sometimes so 
acute as almost to lead one to fear the formation of a deep- 
seated abscess. The part is very sensitive to the touch, but 
no swelling or change of external appearance can be dis- 
covered. The location of the pain, in the back of the neck, 
at the base of the brain, and up and down the whole length of 
the spine, sometimes, is also characteristic. Another peculiar- 
ity which has been apparent in this disease, as it has appeared 
in this locality, is, while the pulse at the outset ranges from 90 
to 140, the whole surface is bathed in a profuse perspiration, 
which is sometimes cold. This may continue for hours, still 
the frequency of the pulse is diminished. This condition is 
well met by Cimicifuga, as is also the creeping chills upon the 
back, tending to draw the head back, &c. The redness of the 
fauces and palate, and the slight swelling and red raw appear- 
ance of the tongue, are also caused by this drug. 

During the last year it has been my fortune to prescribe for 
several cases of this formidable disease, The Cimicifuga, some- 
times in alternation with G-eheminum, has never, to my recol- 
lection, failed to produce a favorable effect, and in two cases 
only have my patients died. One case terminated fatally, the 
second day after the attack. The other passed from my hands 
the second day, and died the fifth. These two remedies have 
been my dependence, and in nearly every case were the only 
ones used. 

Q-eUeminum seems appropriate to the symptoms of conges- 
tion which sometimes appear ; the pain in the head is also 



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PHYTOLACCA IN MASTITIS. 77 

similar in some cases. The indications of hyperemia of the 
brain, which arc sometimes seen, are promptly met by Gf-elsem- 
inum. Baptisia has been recommended, but I have not seen 
as prompt effect from it as I could wish. Rhu% tox. has been 
used with good results. I saw several cases, nine years since, 
when this disease prevailed as an epidemic in some parts of 
this State. Bhus, with Belladonna and Bryonia, &c, produced 
very favorable effects. But I have never found anything which 
seems to meet the conditions manifested by this disease, as it 
appeared the past season in this vicinity, as fully as Oimicifuga 
and Greheminum, or which have proved so potent for good in 
the treatment of this disease. I should be gratified to hear the 
opinion of other practitioners who may have had greater expe- 
rience than myself. Let us hear from them, through the col- 
umns of the Observer. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
PHYTOLACCA IN MASTITIS. 

BT M. B. UJKEN8, M. B. 



I was called, Jan. 12, to see Mrs. L , aged about 32, 

having lett breast swollen almost to its utmost capacity. 

History : Eight weeks before was confined ; a few days 
afterward this breast suddenly became hard and inflamed. She 
supposed that taking cold in it was the cause. The milk, which 
previously flowed freely, stopped in a few hours. Her attend- 
ing physician (allopath) poulticed and blistered it for about'six 
weeks, and finally lanced it, of course all to no purpose. When 
I first saw her, she was suffering with sharp and lancinating 
pains. 

Treatment : I made an infusion of Phytolacca decandra for 
an external application, and the tincture, 15 drops to half 
tumbler of water, internally. Improvement set in immedi- 
ately, and in a few weeks she was entirely well. 



Illegitimate Births, in Vienna, 1866, exceeded the legitimate by 
one thousand. 



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gurgial fUprtmettt. 



BUSHROD W. JAMES, M. D., Philadelphia, Editor. 



[For the American HomcBopathio Observer.] 
THE ENDOSCOPE. 




This instrument the surgeon, as well as the physician, should 
possess. But it is not every member of the profession that will 
feel disposed to invest in so costly or complicated an instrument 
as the one now in general use. We are glad to find that a new 
apparatus, of simpler construction, has been made, that appears 
to accomplish as much as the original one. 

We copy a descrip- 
tion of this new endo- 

J scope from the 17th 

volume of the Phila- 
delphia Medical and Surgical Reporter, taken from Dr. R. A. 
Warwick's communication on the subject in the British Medical 
Journal. Dr. Warwick says his endoscope " consists of a brass 
tube of the simple endoscopic construction, about four inches 
and a half in length and one in diameter. A Ramsden eye- 
piece, consisting of two plano-convex lenses with a magnifying 
power of about two and a half times, and capable of adjust- 
ment for distinct vision, is fitted to one end of this tube, and 
the eye-piece is so constructed as to admit of the insertion of a 
spectacle lens, to suit the eye of those who require the aid of 
glasses. An adapter, in the form of a cone, and blackened 
inside, is attached to the other end of the instrument, to receive 
the various silver tubes required for the examination of the 
organs and passages to be explored. Midway between the two 
extremities of the tube is an aperture, nearly one inch in diam- 
eter, into which is fitted a metal cone, two and a half inches 
long, and three inches in diameter at its base. This cone is 
plated with silver on its inner surface, and highly polished. A 

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THE ENDOSCOPE. 79 

large double convex lens of short focus is adapted to its base, 
so that light of an inferior quality or intensity may be condensed 
and rendered sufficient for the use of the instrument. The 
silver tubes for the urethra are similar to those used with Dr. 
Cruise's instrument ; they are highly polished on the inside, 
and correspond in size to Nos. 8, 10, and 12, of the ordinary 
catheter-guage. The tube used for the bladder resembles a 
catheter with a short curve, and allows a portion of the bladder, 
I * to the extent of nearly half an inch in length, to be seen, through 
an aperture filled in with glass. The endoscope I have had 
constructed will show an object with a north light more dis- 
tinctly than Dr. Cruise's does with an artificial light, and the 
object is seen from eight to ten times more distinctly with a 
similar artificial light ; it is also available for the examination 
of other organs, as is the case with Dr. Cruise's. Referring to 
the advantages of the endoscope, he says : " The utility of the 
endoscope is not, however, confined to the diagnosis and treat- 
l ment of diseases of the urethra — far otherwise. There is no 
' portion of the human body into which a straight tube can be 
introduced, in which it will not be found of service. With it 
the interior of the bladder may be thoroughly investigated ; 
tumors, ulcerations, and sacculi, recognized ; calculi examined, 
and information gained as to their size, figure, number, position, 
whether encysted or loose, and so on. The rectum, beyond the 
reach of the finger and speculum, can be searched for ulcera- 
tions, constrictions, tumors, etc. The cavity of the uterus can 
be demonstrated ; so also the auditory meatus, nasal foss®, 
pharynx, larynx, and, I should even hope, oesophagus and 
stomach. Likewise wounds, especially those suspected to con- 
tain foreign bodies, abscesses, the cavity of ovarian cysts after 
tapping, and so on. I have been enabled by the endoscope to 
obtain so clear a view of the interior of the uterus that I am 
satisfied it will prove most useful for the diagnosis of small 
polypi, granular and follicular ulcerations, and other affections, 
which at present are subjects of conjecture rather than positive 
knowledge." 

Soap for the Speculum, instead of grease, is preferred by 
eminent obstetricians. 



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80 torsion of arteries, etc. 

Torsion of Arteries and Antiseptic Treatment of In- 
cisions. — Dr. Syme, of Edinburg, having used the carbolic 
acid treatment of wounds, as recommended by Mr. Lister of 
Glasgow, speaks in the highest terms of this agent, in the man- 
agement of incised surfaces, finding that the most formidable 
wounds, by having the impure air excluded by carbolic acid, 
are shorn of their alarming features. He refers to the rapid 
disappearance, by absorption, of quantities of effused blood, 
under the integuments, without injury to the system, in such 
cases as bruises, dislocations, fractures, and after the operation 
of tenotomy, and says : " How, then, does it happen that 
blood collected in the cavity of a wound should be productive 
of so much mischief? It can only do so through the decom- 
posing influence of atmospheric air, loaded with its myriads of 
organic atoms." He recommends the use of " tortion " more 
frequently than ever in ordinary-sized arteries instead of the 
ligature, since there is now no risk of pent-up blood or serum 
in the wound when carbolic acid is properly used. He states 
that " in order to perform the process effectually, it is necessary 
that the artery should be seized by the catch-forceps and twisted 
until they become loose." 



An Algoid Growth the Cause of Syphilis and Gonor- 
rhoea. — Prof. J. H. Salisbury, of Charity Hospital Medical 
College, Cleveland, Ohio, thinks the cause of syphilis is due 
to a peculiar algoid vegetation which he claims to have discov- 
ered in chancres, and which he calls " cryptoB syphilitica." It 
is found only in connective tissue. Another species which he 
also claims to have discovered, is developed only in epithelial 
cells, and this he supposes is the productive agent of gonorrhoea. 

If it prove to be a fact that the origin of this disease is due 
to such a growth, let us next have the agent or agents brought 
to light that will destroy the vitality and poisoning power of 
these vegetations, and then we may hope, in course of time, to 
propose measures for the complete stamping out of these loath- 
some diseases. 



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A PECULIAR SUTURE. 81 

A Peculiar Suture. — A singular mode of closing up a 
longitudinal slit of about three inches in length, in a 
protruding intestine, produced by a stab in the ubdomen, 
is on record, performed by an Indian in Central America. 
A large, savage insect, in the shape of an ant, with strong 
nippers, was seized by the body, and its head, with the 
open jaws, held to the adjusted edges of the wound, 
which the jaws ot the ant clasped and held on to. The Indian 
surgeon, if we may so style him, then pinched off with his 
fingers the body of the ant, leaving its head and clinched nip- 
pers fast. One after another were thus fastened on until the 
whole incision in the intestine was literally sewed up, and then 
replaced within the abdominal parietes, The case is said to 
have recovered without any untoward symptoms. 



Artery Ligatures. — A novel method of dealing with liga- 
tures applied to arteries is alluded to in Braithwaites Retro- 
spect for July, 1867, as follows : 

" Mr. Campbell De Morgan has been adopting of late, at the 
Middlesex Hospital (England,) a plan of dealing with ligatures 
applied to vessels during a cutting operation, which merits 
notice. When the vessels have been tied, instead of following 
the usual custom and leaving the ligatures hanging out of the 
wound, Mr. De Morgan, by means of a needle passes them 
through the skin close to where they were tied. They remain 
quite quiet, and come away without the slightest pain or 
trouble when their work is done. The wound consequently has 
nothing to irritate it, and enjoys every opportunity, of healing 
by the first intention. The plan leaves the parts as quiet as if 
acupressure had been applied." This is well worth remem- 
bering by operators and if found advantageous ought to be 
adopted. B. W. J. 



Syphilis Contracted from Cigar Stumps. — Two cases of 
syphilis contracted by chewing cigar stumps picked up in the 
streets, have been reported in a recent number of the Grironale 
Italiano delle Maladie Venere. 



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Jjipiflfajjtj aito ||rmtipte af ft&icm 



PEOF. H. P. GATCHELL, Editor of this Department. 



Dr. B. A. Lodge : Bear Sir — After several weeks' delibera- 
tion upon your proposition relative to the editorship of the 
Physiological Department of the Observer, I have concluded to 
accept the position which you tendered me. In view of the 
wide circulation which the Observer has obtained, and the very 
considerable influence which it is exerting, I enter on the duties 
assigned me with some 4 misgivings ; nor would I undertake 
them at all, did I not count on the forbearance of the proprietor 
and readers of the Observer, more especially during the early 
months of my editorship. For, while I do not expect to reach 
any very high standard, I yet hope, with increase of material, 
with that warmth and facility of labor which come of continued 
effort, and with the aid of several collaborators, that I shall be 
able, in time, to lend some richness and variety to the depart- 
ment ; and while concurring with you in your suggestion that 
the department should be filled chiefly with brief sketches and 
condensed reports, I should wish not to exclude entirely the 
more elaborate essay. 

In relation to the scope of the department, permit me to 
offer the suggestion that it should be designated as the 
Department of Physiology and Principles of Medicine. I do 
not propose this because of ambition to occupy a wider field, 
but because it is easier to collect materials to fill the alloted 
space, from the two fields above-named, than to gather them 
from Physiology alone. Nor must you be disappointed if arti- 
cles are sometimes more prolix than you would desire. You 
will need to bear in mind the clergyman's apology for a long 
sermon, namely, that he lacked time to make it short. To 
write concisely requires care and time, " Hie labor, hoc opus 
est," if I quote the wheezing old Mantuan aright. The preg- 
nant sentences of Tacitus must needs have involved more toil 



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THE PHILOSOPHY OF EATING, 83 

than the flowing periods of Livy. Without aspiring to the 
conciseness of Tacitus, I will condense as much as time will 
permit. 

But the proposed change in the title of the department is 
not without a more substantial reason in the fact that there is 
much valuable material relative to health, not belonging to any 
existing department of the Observer, which cannot be embraced 
in pure Physiology, but can be in its application to the 
Principles of Medicine. 

If these views commend themselves to your judgment, I will 
enter upon the new relation, in the hope that it may prove 
agreeable to us both and not altogether unprofitable to the 
readers of the Observer. 

Bespectfully and fraternally, 

H. P. GrATCHELL. 

P. S. — Being but a unit, I shall, in my editorial labors con- 
tent myself with the use of the first person singular. I do not 
at all fancy the self-consciousness implied in the use of the 
plural we. It savors of mock modesty. 



THE PHILOSOPHY OF EATING. 



This book, dedicated to five thousand ladies, contains a 
respectable treatise on diet, notwithstanding its somewhat pre- 
tentious title. 

" What course of lectures are you attending now, ma'am ?" 
said Martin's friend, turning again to Mrs. Brick. 

"The Philosophy of the Soul, on Wednesday." 

" On Monday ?" 

"The Philosophy of Crime.'* 

"On Friday?" 

" The Philosophy of Vegetables. " 

" You have forgotten Thursday, the Philosophy of Govern- 
ment, my dear," observed the third lady. 

"No," said Mrs. Brick, "that is Tuesday." 

" You see, Mr. Chuzzlewit, our ladies are fully employed," 
said Mr. Be van." 

* The Philosophy of Eating. By Albert J. BellowB, M. D., late Professor of Chemistry, Phys- 
iology and Hygiene. For sale at Detroit Homoeopathic Pharmacy. Price |2. 

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84 THE PHILOSOPHY OP EATING. 

Probably there was quite as much philosophy in the lectures 
which edified the dawdling Mrs. Jefferson Brick and her 
friends, as in Dr. Bellows' book. Precisely where it is in the 
latter is difficult to determine. The reader will find numerous 
tabulated analyses of articles of food, together with not a few 
judicious comments, such as might be expected from a physi- 
cian who has made diet a speciality, but he will seek in vain 
for the philosophy, and will be apt to rise from the perusal 
with the impression that the title is either ad captandum, or 
that it originated in a not very accurate perception of the sig- 
nification of words. 

An author who designates certain articles of food as carbon- 
ates because they contain carbon, certain others as nitrates 
because they contain nitrogen, cannot be very precise in his 
use of language. Nor is the plea of brevity at all satisfactory. 
What would be thought of the writer who should, for concise- 
ness' sake term cod-liver oil butter ? And yet the latter is as 
excusable as the former. 

Quite as objectionable is the phrase, " atom of sugar, 1 ' used 
in apparent unconsciousness of its inappropriateness. An atom 
is an indivisible something. The smallest possible portion of 
sugar is divisible into, at least, three elementary atoms. A 
molecule, and not atom, is the appropriate term to express the 
minutest combination of elements. 

And what does Dr. Bellows mean by the statement that 
alcohol and sugar are composed of " the same elements, in the 
same proportions ?" It can hardly be possible that he means 
what he says, since the analysis that he quotes disproves the 
statement. It will be news to chemists, that sugar and alcohol 
are isomeric. 

But the error involved in this statement is hardly more gross 
than the one contained in the following pasnage, on the 63d 
page: "When starch is taken as an article of diet, its carbon 
is burned in the lungs in contact with the oxygen of the air, 
and gives out heat to warm the system, just as the carbon of 
wood, uniting with the oxygen of the air, gives out heat to 
warm our apartments." Does he lag so far behind the present 



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THE PHILOSOPHY OP BATING. 86 

•tate of physiological science as to suppose that the lungs are 
a fire-place ? Is he ignorant of the fact that the blood is 
warmer in the vena cava than in the aorta ? 

And how did he ascertain that " when starch and sugar * * * 
are taken into the stomach together, the sugar is first used for 
fuel ; then the starch is converted into sugar and used till the 
demand is supplied ;" or that " if oil or fat of any kind be taken 
with sugar or starch, the fat will only be used for fuel when 
the sugar and starch have failed to satisfy the demand ?" 

All this is very crude for a professor of physiology ; as if 
starch, sugar and oil might not undergo a series of changes 
and minister to a variety of uses before leaving the system in 
the form of carbonic acid and water ; if mayhap they contrib- 
ute to the formation of the latter. It is well known that fat, 
when not taken in excess, is appropriated to the production of 
corpuscles and fibrin, especially the former. And Bernard, 
that most sagacious of physiologists, and most successful of 
experimenters, who has added as much to physiology, perhaps, 
as any half dozen others, teaches that starch and sugar are both 
converted into fat before they are put to any use in the system, 
and that it is only in diabetes that they pass the liver as sugar. 
And what a "practical lesson" our author derives from his 
hypothesis in regard to starchf sugar and oil, the giving of 
sugar first and starch next " to the most feeble stomach," when 
one would think that a very little observation might have taught 
him the great liability of cane sugar to fermentation in feeble 
stomachs. He quite ignores the important physiological rela- 
tion of absorption. The whole problem is to him merely one 
of combustion. 

'I he exceeding crudeness of Dr. Bellows' ideas is strikingly 
exemplified on the 58th page, where he criticises books and 
journals that make " no distinction between nutriment that 
feeds the system and the fuel that really consumes the system." 

Does Dr. Bellows really suppose that the organism is con- 
sumed, as a wooden fire-place might be, or even wasted away 
like an iron grate, by the coal that is burned upon it ? There 
is not the slightest evidence of any such process. On the 

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86 THE PHILOSOPHY OP EATING. 

other hand, the evidence, so far as it goes, is to the opposite 
conclusion, viz : that the use of what he designates as fuel, 
tends to preserve the organism. It may be that Dr. Bellows 
did not intend what he has said. It may be when potatoes 
are termed bulbs by him that he does not mean bulbs. If 
so, it would be well to correct these statements in his next edi- 
tion. Would it not be wise, also, to express himself a little 
more dubiously in regard to starch being converted into sugar 
by the juices of the mouth and stomach ? Since it is well 
established that a very slight conversion takes place through 
the agency of the juices of the mouth, and it is probable that 
none is effected by the juices of the stomach. It seems to be 
determined that the conversion occurs chiefly in the small 
intestines. One is not surprised, after a glance at Dr. Bellows' 
physiology, that he sets up Carpenter's Physiology as "the 
standard work in this country and England." 

An increased cautiousness of statement would beget increased 
confidence on the part of those readers who are familiar with 
the topics of which Dr. Bellows' volume treats. Thus, when 
one reads that " the vitality of plants, the muscular activity of 
all animals, and the mental as well as muscular and organic 
health and vigor of man, depend on phosphorus," the reader, 
if acquainted with the conditious of life, so far as known, is 
rather disposed to wonder at the extravagance of the statement 
than to admire its originality. That phosphorus is essential, 
especially to some of the higher functions, is sufficiently ascer- 
tained ; but to assert, without qualification, the dependence of 
universal vitality on phosphorus, is only to mislead the popular 
reader. It would not be difficult to show that oxygen is far 
more entitled to the distinction than phosphorus ; and nitrogen 
will certainly contest the position with the latter element. 

Not only does Dr. Bellows' book contain errors of principle 
and detail, it is doubtful whether recent investigations have not 
6wept away much of its foundation. It has been shown to be 
highly probable that the carbonaceous articles ot food, not only, 
in the course of their various transformations, furnish heat, but 
force also ; that the development of muscular power itself is 
mainly dependent on carbo-hydrates and hydro-carbons. 

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THE PHILOSOPHY OP EATING. 87 

One would naturally expect to find in a work by a professor 
of chemistry and physiology, published as late as the present 
year of the Christian era, some allusion to the new light which 
has been thrown on this subject. But not a ray appeare. No 
one would suspect, from this volume, that carefully conducted 
experiments seem to indicate that the increased decay of muscle 
from action is very slight indeed, but that the force expended 
very accurately corresponds to the carbonaceous food consumed. 

Nor is it by any means a settled point that " alcohol, per se/' 
in Dr. Bellows' language, does not, under some conditions, fur- 
nish power. I am well aware, if strong statements and denun- 
ciatory language would settle this matter in the negative, that 
it might be considered as finally disposed of. But it demands 
a scientific determination, a determination on the basis of 
facts. Dr. Bellows says " that alcohol, per se, is not nourishing, 
but poisonous. I have never known this questioned, except 
when some point is to be made, as in the late struggle for a 
license law in Massachusetts." Now Liebig asserts that alcohol 
undergoes oxydization in the system, and other experimenters 
assert that not all the alcohol ingested returns through the 
excretory outlets. Of course no one supposes that the system 
is capable of furnishing an indefinite supply of oxygen for alco- 
hol imbibed. I do not like to dogmatize upon points that are 
still sub judice ; but I must express my decided opinion that 
there are conditions under which alcohol may be used most 
advantageously (and that under circumstances where there is 
or can be no substitute) as a means of generating force. If it 
undergoes oxydization, it necessarily furnishes power. And I 
am led, by reading and observation, to the conclusion that it is 
capable of furnishing needed power when nothing will supply 
its place, and that, as a source of power, it may save, and has 
saved, human life. Holding this opinion, I shall not be deterred 
by any amount of denunciation or abuse from the expression 
of it. 

The hypothetical objection to alcohol, an objection on which 
Dr. Bellows seems to plume himself, probably as a part of the 
" philosophy," is that alcohol is the result of the disorganization 
of sugar, and therefore must needs be injurious. 

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88 THE PHILOSOPHY OF EATING. 

That unorganized substances, in general, constitute the proper 
food of vegetables, and that organized substances constitute the 
proper food of animals, are by no means novel statements, 
though one is led to suspect, in reading Dr. Bellows' book, that 
he imagines them to be. But when does the organic evidently 
become inorganic ? In those forms that preceded organization, 
that depend for their origin on chemical and physical conditions 
only. The statement that alcohol must needs be injurious, and 
only injurious because it is the result of the disorganization of 
sugar, is very shallow. 

The animal system is capable of so disorganizing nitrogenous 
food as to produce sugar out of it, of so disorganizing albumen 
as to produce fat out of it. Are these, therefore, mineral and 
poisonous ? Undoubtedly albumen undergoes many metamor- 
phoses in the process of reducii^g it to carbonic acid, ammonia 
and other forms, partaking more or less of the mineral charac- 
ter. To assume that all the degradations, results of successive 
. disorganizations, are poisonous, is to suppose what is contradict- 
ed by well-known facts. Nor would it be at all difficult to 
show that Dr. Bellows is not altogether consistent with himself 
in what he says of alcohol. He gives his readers to understand, 
on one page, that alcoholic liquors may sometimes be useful as 
stimulants, and on another page, that k all the benefit derived 
from them is due to osmazome. To say nothing further of the 
apparent inconsistency of the two statements, I desire to con- 
fess my ignorance that vegetables contain osmazome. The term 
was originally used, as its etymology indicates, to denote a 
principle contained in flesh only. If it has been extended to 
express the flavors of plants, the more's the pity. We need 
greater not less precision in the use of scientific terms. I fear 
that Dr. Bellows will contribute more to the latter than the 
former. Dr. Bellows should at least give his authority for the 
statement that plants contain osmazome, nor would it be amiss 
for him to reveal when and how potatoes became bulbs. 

The reader will find in Dr. Bellows' book many sagacious, 
sensible, practical directions. Thus, he teaches that an agree- 
able flavor favors digestion, a fact that one must hartre been very 
careless not to have observed in regard to himself. So decided 



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THE PHILOSOPHY OP EATING. 89 

is our author on this point that he asserts "it is folly, 
therefore, to dispute among ourselves, or to ask the doctor 
whether this article or that should be given." We wonder a 
little, after this, why his book was written, unless it was to 
sell ; or perhaps no other doctor should be asked to point out 
the conditions under which articles of food are wholesome or 
unwholesome. 

He insists upon it that any one not governed by fashion, will 
prefer bread made from coarse flour to that made from fine, and 
that the reign of wheat is a reign " of terror," because it is 
converted into fine flour. Extravagant statements like this tend 
to shake our confidence in the author's judgment. 

Every little while a new hobby is trotted out, on which to 
pack the physical ills that flesh is heir to. For some years, 
with a class, fine flour has served this purpose. As if, with 
the varied diet of our American tables one could easily fail to 
find all the requisite elements. People do not live on fine flour 
alone. And my own observation leads me to the conclusion 
thas there is no form of bread that so continuously satisfies the 
taste as the fermented wheaten loaf made ot fine flour. I have 
seen not a few persons sitting at tables where opinion and cus- 
tom were in favor of the coarse wheaten loaf, who, after using 
it for a time, were glad and sometimes compelled to return to 
the fine loaf. While there are conditions of the system that 
render the coarse loaf preferable, it is, on the other hand, liable 
to ferment and to cause acidity of the stomach when the fine 
loaf can be eaten with impunity. As to the unleavened cakes 
that Dr. Bellows describes as the perfection of bread, he will 
find very few domestics successful in preparing them. Nor 
will he find many palates satisfied with them when they are 
cold ; and it is not convenient in every family to bake bread 
one thousand and ninety-five times a year, to say nothing of 
three additional bakings on leap-year. 

Since the subject of bread-making has been broached. I will 
suggest a bread made' of coarse fiour that has the advantage of 
being palatable when cold, and which pleases some palates 
much better than the kind adopted by Dr. Bellows. To one 
quart of brown flour (more properly wheat-meal) add on'e table- 
9 



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90 QUANTITY OP POOD. 

spoonful of butter, and water enough to form a stiff dough. 
Pound until crisp ; roll very thin and cut in cakes. Prick 
them and bake in a well heated oven. 

I do not recommend it to persons without teeth. To those 
who have them, it generally proves, eaten with good butter, a 
very palatable and exceedingly wholesome bread, less apt to 
cause acidity of the stomach than any other bread with which 
I am acquainted. Having, at one time, lived *for several 
months, almost exclusively on this bread, with milk and butter, 
I can testify that the three are capable not merely of sustaining 
human life, but of keeping the system in good working order. 

I would suggest, in case a seeond edition of the Philosophy 
of Eating should be called for, that Dr. Bellows should, in the 
mean time, not only inform himself in physiology, but that he 
should correct some of the grosser offences against grammar. 
Readers are apt to suspect, when an author betrays ignorance 
or carelessness as to grammar, that he may be equally inaccu- 
rate as to his physical and physiological science. 

His book would be much more satisfactory, also, if he gave 
the names of the analysts from whom he has derived the seve- 
ral tables of composition of vegetable and animal substances. 

In conclusion, I would recommend the book as containing 
much that is instructive to most professional as well as non- 
professional readers. Dr. Bellows has generally gleaned with 
judgment, and his practical suggestions are generally marked 
by good sense. If he will disabuse himself of the idea, appa- 
rently entertained, that he has produced something profoundly 
original, it will be none the worse for any future edition that 
he may be called upon to prepare. G. 



Quantity of Food. — Van Hufeland directed : " Never eat 
bo much that you feel you have a stomach. It will be best to 
give over before you are completely sated. The quantity of 
food must be proportioned to one's bodily labor : the less the 
labor, the less ought to be the nourishment/' 

"It is not what we eat, but what we digest, that does us 
good, and serves to nourish our bodies. He who wishes to live 
long ought therefore to eat slowly ; as our food must obtain in 
the jnouth the first degree of preparation and assimilation/' 

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IJlimUaiua* 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
INTEMPERANCE: CAUSE AND CUBE. 

BT E. L. AHDER80N, M. D. 



No, 1. — Introductory. 

My mind has been exercised on the subject of this article for 
more than thirty years, and, consequently, I have seen the rise 
and fall of all the influences that have been brought to bear 
upon mankind for the removal of the evils of the use of stimu- 
lating drinks. Nor have I felt free to co-operate with the vari- 
ous efforts put forth for the last twenty years. 

During the Winter of 1847 I was residing in Phoenixville, 
Pennsylvania, where we had a revival, so-called, of the tempe- 
rance manifestations, and having participated in the movement 
freely, I was congratulating myself on our success, taking a large 
share of the glory thereof upon myself, feeling proud of my 
prowess as a temperance lecturer, when I received a large valen- 
tine, through the post-office, representing me in the attitude of 
Jupiter tonans hurling forth his fulminations, hit or miss, but 
bountifully, whilst behind me was a good brother taking from 
my pocket a flask, with the stimulator in it, to strengthen him 
in his turn ! At first I felt indignant, but when Eeason 
ascended its throne, I was internally conscious that " there was 
something rotten in Denmark/' and that, although I had not 
then a bottle in my pocket, yet mentally I beheld it there 
medicinally. This opened my eyes wide, and the more I saw 
and studied the subject, the more clearly did I see that to suc- 
ceed in destroying intemperance we must strike at the medicinal 
and hygienic ideas, or else all our efforts will be worse than in 
vain, and intemperance as a dire disease will continue to coun- 
teract our efforts, ad infinitum. 

I am often called upon to present the subject in its usual 
form, but always feel that I am " gnawing a file." Yet I do 
think that the efforts to do something should not be abandoned, 
since even a painful effort to live shows that vitality still exists 

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92 INTEMPERANCE : CAUSE AND CURE. 

and something ought to be done. Yet for the total eradication 
of the whole evils of intemperance, something must be substi- 
tuted that will take its place, and that something must be of 
such a nature that it will not entail mischief upon us in return. 

What mean all the efforts that have been put forth for the 
last forty years ? Sermons, lectures, prayers, societies — public 
and private ; laws enacted, penalties visited ; yet the dismal 
tide rolls on. Do we not see that these things demonstrate 
that intemperance is an incurable disease ? Yes, more hope- 
lessly incurable than all the other maladies of mankind put 
together. , 

To look at the world as it now lies socially drunk, staggering, 
cursing, murdering, bleeding, raving and dying, one would think 
that in truth the stimulating cup, first in clinic and then in 
dram-shop, was the real " Pandora's box," or that "total 
depravity " has its embodiment in whisky ! 

Intemperance, then, is a disease, sapping the foundations of 
man's nutritive, social and religious natures, in the most appal- 
ling manner. And it has ample cause. Years ago men erected 
among themselves two grades of officials, " medicine men " and 
" prophets." The former take the material part of man, upon 
which to prey, and they certainly have magnified their office ! 
and gaining the confidence of mankind, and as " blind leaders 
of the blind," we are almost universally drunk and " in the 
ditch." 

Who first used alcoholic stimulants ? Called it " Y eau de 
vie ?" Who used it till it degraded the profession ? Who 
gave it to warm when cold, to cool when warm, to wet when dry, 
to dry when wet, to cure when ill, to preserve health when 
well ? Who gives it in elixirs, tinctures, potions and exotions? 
The answer to this is inevitable, the medical doctors. Here, 
then, is the condition of allopathic medication ; it has actually 
attempted to cast out diseases through the very prince of dis- 
eases, leaving us tenfold more the children of disease and death 
than before ! 

This attempt, with its results, is the lesson of the age in 
which we live. And as the evils lie thick around us, and whilst 
Allopathy " bears her blushing honors thick upon her," should 

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INTEMPERANCE: CAUSE AND CURE. 98 

we not be up and doing to counteract these dreadful evils ? 
That intemperance is a disease, is the only position tenable, and 
one that gives us the whole field in such a way that we need 
blame no one for being ignorant of it any more than for not 
being able to read or to write without instructions. The move- 
ment, as now conducted, in abusing the maker or seller of 
whisky, is as unscientific and silly as to abuse and curse the 
hyena and vulture for eating dead bodies and yet carry on strife 
which kills. 

The M. D., through a false theory, and a consequently deadly 
and demoralizing practice, prepares the victims for the burning 
altars of the dram shops, and they finish them out; but should 
not have the blame for the whole work. -This being the situa- 
tion, what is left for us to do, bat to act the part of rational 
men, who have the truth ; go to binding up the wounds, pour- 
ing the sweet consolations of our blessed Homoeopathy, born, as 
we shall hereafter see, of pure soul-thinking, and in its beautiful 
dynamical influences acting citOj tuto et jucunde, for the healing 
of the nations. Homoeopathy alone can clean out the drug- 
geries of this beautiful world and wash away the accumulated 
filth of ages. It is its peculiar work to succeed that system 
which, by its stimulants, ** defaces beauty, diminishes strength, 
corrupts the blood, inflames the liver, weakens the heart, turns 
men into walking hospitals, causes internal, external and incu- 
rable wounds ; a thief to the pocket, a witch to the senses, and 
a devil to the soul." 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer. J 

Consultations : A Few Thoughts on their Degeneracy. 

BY AV INVALID M. D. 



What a consultation is, and what it ought to be, are two 
things as widely separated as the antipodes themselves. The 
radical cause of this lies in man's first disobedience and fall. 
At that grand opening of Pandora's box of evils, there was 
none that proved more prolific than that forgetfulness of what 
is mine and what is thine, whether it pertains to property or 
reputation, which has made selfishness the great sin of the race. 
Consultations were originally designed to furnish opportunities 
for the interchange of opinions on medical subjects, more 
especially upon a specific case of disease. But jealousy has 
crept in. A consultation has become only another name for a 
contest for the good opinion of the patient or his friends. 
Who shall make reputation out of this case ? This is the 
question. It is not to ascertain what the disease is ; not to 
interpret obscure phenomena in the symptoms, and upon a 



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94 CONSULTATIONS. 

rational diagnosis base the indications of cure. Aspirants for 
the honors of the prize ring rarely study each other's strong and 
weak points, offensive and defensive, more critically. We are 
accustomed to talk flippantly of our noble profession, its benefi- 
cent aims and its tendency to inspire benevolent feelings ; but 
the truth is too palpable — there are too many proofs of the 
emptiness of our claims, for us to deny that the ruling spirit of 
too many consultations is jealousy. The world outside have not 
been sleeping spectators ; they perceive among us a something 
that paralyzes our organized efforts for the promotion of the 
cause of medical learning in general and of that of Homoeopa- 
thy in particular. 

It was not thus in the earlier years of the new system. Con- 
tending against a common enemy made us friends. And so it 
ever is. W hen a cause has once become established and success 
is assured, a common fund of fame and reputation accumulates, 
and in its division, those who were friends before now become 
alienated ; separate individual interests arise. To appropriate 
a political phrase, " they quarrel over the spoils." And no- 
where is this so conspicuous, because nowhere is such an oppor- 
tunity afforded, as in the consultation room. Each would be 
prominent, but all cannot be first. There must be privates as 
well as officers. 

Eegarding a consultation in whatever light we will, there is 
no effective disguise of the fact that it springs from at least the 
latent suspicion that the attending physician is not fully equal 
to the case in hand. This constitutes that favorable conjunc- 
ture of circumstances which the consulting physician can easily 
turn to his side of the account. He can do this if he will ; 
nay the circumstances invite him. Alas ! for the often-boasted 
perfection of poor fallen human ^nature. How few can resist 
the temptation. The fruit is too tempting ; it hangs within 
too easy reach. 

I have been in the situation of the attending physician. I 
have had the deadliest weapons of jealousy, of malice, aimed 
at me by the consulting physician, when no defence could be 
made. Then, again, time sent a few gray hairs and scattered 
them here and there, to tell that adolescence had passed, and 
that the years, if not the intellectual maturity, of manhood had 
come ; and I entered the consultation room to discuss, in a 
friendly spirit, with a younger member, questions of pathology 
and therapeutics ; but I thank a watchful Providence that I 
have never forgotten that I was once a young man whose repu- 
tation was in the hands of my seniors. I say it not boastingly. 
I have done nothing more than follow the dictates of reason 
and right. This I conceive is nothing to boast of. 



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CONSULTATIONS. 96 

Omitting to speak of that open condemnation of treatment 
sometimes witnessed in the case of men of no moral culture, I 
wish to point out a much more dangerous, because more hidden 
mode of undermining the reputation of the young physician. 
It has the merit of appearing to compliment his talents and 
skill. The diagnosis and treatment of the attending physician 
are pronounced correct. The family are told by him that 
recovery will assuredly take place, and that, perhaps, in a given 
time, — and this, too, when the chances are plainly against it. 
Seeing that such will be the event, what better opportunity to 
strike a blow at the reputation of the young physician, espe- 
cially when it can be done so skilfully as to be effective, and yet 
carry with it a compliment (?) to the attendant's skill ? The 
patient dies. Upon whose shoulders falls the blow ? Certainly 
not upon those of the senior. He assured recovery, " and," 
argue the friends, " if he had attended the case, doubtless, our 
brother had not died." Such I believe to be the most dan- 
gerous mode of accomplishing the result. Certainly none dis- 
arms the victim more effectually and renders him more helpless 
in the other's hands. I always recall the instructive story of 
the wooden horse. Troy long held out against the attacks of 
the Greeks, her battering-rams and all ; but fell an easy prey 
to the wiles of the Greeks, when they came bearing a gift. 
Compliments like those we have heard in the consultation room 
are but representations to my mind of the famous horse of 
history. They always recall the well-known line of Virgil : 
iC Timeo Danaos dona ferenzes" 

If I were to appeal to the brethren of the profession, I have 
no doubt their experience would be in confirmation of what has 
been advanced in this paper. The evil is one that demands our 
serious attention. The success of homoeopathy is very doubt- 
ful if its champions shall seek each for himself a reputation at 
the expense of a brother's downfall. If our forces are expended 
in warring with each other, in giving and parrying blows, we 
need not be surprised to see medicine degenerate from a noble 
calling into a miserable trade in pills, potions and powders, in 
vending which all the machinery known to modern quackery 
shall be employed. 

I would not be an alarmist, nor look upon the dark side of 
the picture, when the bright side is so much more attractive, 
but from my stand-point in the distance I am disposed to look 
with unprejudiced eye upon this strife that seems to threaten our 
success and stay our progress. We need a higher standard of 
medical ethics ; and not only this, but a resolve on the part of 
medical men to frown upon every departure in a brother from 
the path of rectitude. 



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f fluft SLsitiM, tit. 



"The Present State of the Practice of Physic, with 
Preface and Comments by a Medical Practitioner." Pub- 
lished by George Cheverton, Tunbridge Wells, England, 
and by Dr. E. A. Lodge, 51 Wayne-st., Detroit, Michigan. 
Price 30 cents. 

The hollowness of the pretensions of medical practitioners 
of the old school, or "the regular physicians," as they delight 
to call themselves, has long been suspected by the masses and 
well known to the initiated of other schools ; nevertheless, the 
abuse, persecution and misrepresentation of every system of 
therapeutics not sanctioned by " authority" goes on undimin- 
ished. 

We have often thought that the most fatal expos6 of the 
shortcomings and crudities of allopathy, not to say crimes, 
would be a collection of cases treated by some half dozen fash- 
ionable allopathic practitioners, analyzed and explained, and a 
compilation of the confessions, apologies and defenses of old- 
school professors and authors when dwelling on the principles 
which they declare underlie the administration of drugs for the 
purpose of curing disease. The author of the above-named 
pamphlet has brought together a number of such confessions 
and apologies from the pens of the most distinguished writers 
and teachers on medical science of modern times, amongst 
which we find extracts from Drs. Christian, Markham, Cowan, 
Cormack, Richardson, Copeman, B6hier, and others. These 
extracts, though often directed professedly against that " mon- 
ster humbug," ''that hydra-headed thing," "that greatest 
humbug of the age," — homoeopathy — prove, beyond the 
shadow of a doubt, that old physic is getting very sick, and of 
course very irritable ; that she begins to be conscious that 
unless some reformation vastly different from anything which 
the history of the past two thousand years has afforded should 
rejuvinate her, her destiny is sealed, her days are drawing to a 
close. Could all the families now confiding life and health to 



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BOOK NOTICES. 97 

the care of allopathic doctors, read and appreciate such confes- 
sions as are here brought to light, we should not be surprised 
if some allopathic colleges went out begging for students and 
the offices of homoeopathic physicians were besieged with 
throngs of suffering ones seeking for a more certain, rational 
and philosophical mode of cure. It would also be well if our 
physicians should scatter such confessions amongst their pres- 
ent patrons, that they may be ready to give unanswerable 
reasons for their preference of the new school to the old to all 
who sneer at " little-pill " practice. These extracts will also 
be handy to lecturers as quotations in illustrating the follies of 
allopathy. The suggestions of the author to students and 
young practioners are well-timed and important, and the pam- 
phlet, as a whole, well worthy the perusal both of the public 
and the protession. 

Special Pathology and Diagnostics, with Therapeutic 
Hints, by C. Gr. Raue, M. D., Professor of Practice of Med- 
icine, Special Pathology and Diagnostics in the Hahnemann 
Medical College of Philadelphia. F. E. Boericke, Philadel- 
phia. For sale by Dr. E. A. Lodge, Detroit. Price, $5. 
The publisher says : "In the Pathological Department the 
author has aimed to record the results of the best thoughts of 
the best writers, down to the present day. Purposely omitting 
all the discussions necessary in following up any investigations, 
he has given the gist of the conclusions arrived at ; so far, at 
least, as they are of practical value. 

"With much discrimination he has indicated his estimate of 
the value of the commonly accepted teachings in this depart- 
ment, whenever they are of doubtful utility, and we are confi- 
dent that nowhere else is a like amount of practical pathological 
knowledge made available to the English reader ; — if indeed to 
the student in any single language. 

" Whenever he has chosen to express original views upon any 
subject in this department, they will be found to be full of inte- 
rest, and characterized by singular perspicuity and common 
sense. 

" In the Department of Diagnosis the same end has been 
kept in view by the author : — to assign to each diagnostic 
symptom its proper value in making up the verdict in any given 
cage of disease. He has also carefully indicated how much or 
how little importance is to be attached to these signs in helping 
to determine the proper remedy in such case. 

"In that most difficult and intricate branch of diagnosis, — 
physical examinations by auscultation and percussion, — he has 



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98 BOOK NOTICES. 

been very successful. To the student who has tried to thread 
the mazes of Skoda, Bowditch and others, we predict a sense 
of eminent satisfaction on reading this work. 

"Perhaps the distinguishing feature of this department is 
the great number of signs to which he has assigned a diagnostic 
value. Changes of color and temperature of various parts ; 
abnormal appearance of the eyes, nose, ears, mouth, &c, are 
made to speak a varied language, which is little understood at 
present. 

" The student will be struck with the author's ingenious use 
of analogy ; — by which one is enabled to learn the condition of 
occult parts, from a knowledge of the affections to which anal- 
ogous tissues, accessible to the senses, are liable. 

u The Therapeutical Part of the work, which the author 
modestly names therapectic hints, is carefully selected out of the 
rich treasury of the homoeopathic literature, even to the most 
recent works of Kafka, Von Grauvogl and others, to which he 
has added the results of his own experience. 

" The whole makes a handsome 8vo. volume of 660 pages. 
Printing, paper and binding unexceptionable." 

A review of this work will appear soon. 



The Third Annual Eepobt of the Consumptives' Home, 
Nos. 4 and 6 Vernon-st., Boston, to Sept. 30,-1867, by 
Charles Cullis, M. D. 

This deserves a more extended notice than we can give this 
month. We rejoice to find that the institution is prospering, 
and thaj; a Children's Home has been opened, with much to 
encourage the Doctor in his benevolent enterprises. 



Essay on Man, by Alexander Pope, with illustrations and 
notes by S. E. Wells. Published by Samuel E. Wells, 389 
Broadway, New York. 

The Illustrated Annual of Phrenology and Physiognomy 
1868 — now ready — contains a rich collection of original and 
timely articles. Profusely illustrated ; pp. 84. Price 25 cts. 
Address S. E. Wells, 389 Broadway, Office Phrenological 
Journal, New York. 

New England Medical Gazette commences its third 
year with indications of prosperity. It has well sustained the 

Eosition it started with, and well deserves the confidence of the 
omoeopathic profession. 



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EDITORIAL NOTICE. 

From a multitude of letters commending the Observer we 
extract the following : 

My Dear Doctor : — Wishing you a Happy New- Year, and 
congratulating you on the continued and well-deserved prosper- 
ity of the Observer, I enclose this year's subscription for the 
same. I like your method of conducting the Observer, being 
iree to make known to the public every shade of sentiment held 
by the various practitioners. I am more and more convinced, 
as I get older, that no one class of men are so exclusively right 
that wisdom will die out with them, should they all be cut off, 
and as for our school, it is and has been more cursed by dogmatic 
theorists than by all the opposition of the old school ; and men 
of common sense and sound philosophic views have, as a conse- 
quence, to suffer the odium of the wild visionary and bloated 
braggadocio. Our philosophy of the healing art is steadily on 
the advance, and not the least of its triumphs is the modifying 
influence on the old school of practice, who no more now dare 
to practice according to the doctrines of their standard authors, 
and much as they may wish to deny it, their more recent authors 
are constantly approximating to our standard. 

You have done brave battles for the right, your labors have 
made a noble impress on the public mind, and though you may 
not just now receive your full reward, wait a little longer, there 
is a crown and a palm for you and every manly worker and 
philanthropic sufferer for the right. I like your journal well ; 
the only thing I would like better in it, would be the absence 
of long, dry articles, addresses and minutes of meetings, and 
that is all. Yours, semper eadem, W. Bewson. 

There will be no % cause for complaint hereafter in relation to 
these prosy papers. We intend printing 600 pages of matter 
of real utility to our busy practitioners. Society reports will 
not be entirely excluded, but if printed in full, it will be on 
extra pages, at the expense of the society represented. This 
will be satisfactory to all. 

The new departments of Surgery, Physiology and Principles 
of Medicine, will add much of interest and value to our monthly 
issues ; and we are pleased to announce the acceptance of 
department of "Diseases of Women and Children/' by Prof. 
Thomas Nichol, M. D., of Belleville, Canada. Dr. Nichol will 
no doubt make this one of the most useful departments of the 
journal, and certainly meet every reasonable expectation. 



' Sigitizfed'tiy GOOglC 



100 EDITORIAL NOTICE. 

Some have supposed that we sent the January number as a 
sample, and that the subsequent ones would probably be infe- 
rior. The perusal of the pages for this month will dissipate 
any such idea. The fact is that our January numbers have 
usually been inferior to the others. Our March number will be 
equal in interest to any. With the efficient aid of the editors 
of the various departments, and the labors of our contributors, 
we expect to fill the pages of the magazine almost exclusively 
with original matter of real worth : — practical and profitable. 

We have notified our writers that if they send MSS. in open 
end wrappers they need only pay newspaper postage ; but the 
Post-Master General has decided that all such matter must be 
prepaid in stamps, at letter rates — (six cents per ounce). 

A large number of our old subscribers, with their $2 renewal 
for this year, are sending us $1 for the subscription of some 
unprofessional person, according to our prospectus. Although 
the dollar is less than cost, we are anxious to receive a large 
number of such additions to our list, knowing that next year 
they will all want to continue at the regular rates. 



Who is it ? — Some one returns the Observer for January, 
" refused" without giving his name ! The address, as pasted 
on by mailing machine, has been torn off, so we shall be sending 
the magazine this month to some one who does not want it, 
which of course we very much regret. 



Three Hundred and Fifty Students are now attending 
Lectures at the various Homoeopathic Colleges. The largest 
number at the N. Y. College. The Hahnemann, at Philadel- 
phia has a few more students than the old Philadelphia College. 
Cleveland and Chicago have about the same number at each. 
The St. LouisCollege is also prosperous. 

The Cleveland Homoeopathic College for Women has opened 
with a class of fifty. 



Mortality op Detroit, Michigan, 1867. — Total, 1284; of 
these the deaths from lung diseases were 270. 



9& Homoeopathic physician wanted at Orangeville, Ohio. 
Address J. Dooly. 



OQlC 



M\tp%, I nitlM, ifc 



[Reported for the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
INDIANA INSTITUTE OF HOMOEOPATHY. 

This Institute met in regular session at Indianapolis, Nov. 6, 1867. 

Dr. G. T. Parker, Vice-President in the chair. 

Minutes of last meeting were read and approved. 

The Board of Censors reported Dr. T. H. Roberts as a member, 
who was unanimously elected. 

A paper on Cochlearia armoracia was received from Dr. T. C. 
Duncan, delegate from the Illinois State Society. The thanks of the 
Institute were tendered to Dr. Duncan for his valuable communica- 
tion. 

The committees appointed at the last meeting not being prepared 
to report, they were continued. 

An interesting discussion on the subject of intermittent fever ensued, 
which will be published in full in the March number of this magazine. 

Dr. Burnham read a very interesting letter from Dr. Baer, of Rich- 
mond, the President of this Institute, who was detained at home by 
ill health. 

On motion, the thanks of the Institute were tendered to Dr. Baer 
for his advice, and the hope expressed that he may be speedily 
restored to health, and that he may be able to attend the next meeting. 

On motion, the letter of Dr. Baer was ordered entered upon the 
minutes. 

On motion, Drs. Baer, Boyd and Burnham, were appointed a com- 
mittee to petition Congress to pass a law so that the sick soldiers and 
sailors of our army may have the benefit of the homoeopathic practice 
in the United States hospitals. 

On motion, the following persons were appointed to attend the 
Home Medical Societies of other States : 
Missouri — Dr. J. T. Boyd. 
Illinois — Dr. Stockham. 
Ohio— Dr. N. G. Burnham. 
Michigan — Dr. W. Eggert. 
Wisconsin — Dr. E. H. Roberts. 

On motion, adjourned to meet at Indianapolis, on the second Wed- 
nesday in May, 1868. 



The New York State Homoeopathic Medical Society meets at 
Albany on Feb. 11, 1868. 



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1 02 COLLEGES AND SOCIETIES. 

NORTH-WESTERN PROVERS' ASSOCIATION. 



The annual session of the above society was held in Chicago, Nov. 
12, 1867. . 6 

The assembly was called to order by the President, etc., E.M.Hale. 

The minutes of the session were read and approved. 

The following gentlemen were proposed and duly elected members 
of the association : — Drs. B. Perkins, W. S. Johnson, T. J. Merri- 
man, C, S. Fahnestock, J. M. Cunningham, A. M. Wells, E. W. Rog- 
ers, J. B. Oompton, J. D. Taylor, E. B. Beeson, J. H. Smith, A. Her- 
bert, G. E. Corvell. 

The Society then proceeded to the election of officers for the ensu- 
ing year, with the following results : 

President— Dr. E. M. Hale. 

1st Vice-President — Dr. T. C. Duncan. 

2d Vice-President — Dr. F. Smith. 

3d Vice.President — Dr. W. S. Johnson. 

Recording Secretary — Dr. S. P. Hedges. 

General Corresponding Secretary — Dr. T. C. Duncan. 

Corresponding Secretary — For Illinois, Dr. E. Perkins. Iowa, Dr. 
J. E. King. Minnesota, Dr. A. Herbert. Michigan, J. D. Taylor. 
Wisconsin, Dr. J. H. Smith. New York, Dr. A. M. Wells. Ohio, 
Dr. C. S. Fahnestock. Canada, Dr. C. W, Clarke. Pennsylvania, 
(Honorary) Dr. J. C. W. Blakely. Missouri, Dr. T. G. Domstock. 
Louisiana, Dr. W, H. Holcombe. England, Dr. H. Madden. 

Treasurer — Dr. S. P. Hedges. 

One of Publishing Committee — Dr. C. F. Fahnestock. 

Dr. T. C. Duncan reported provings of Salix purp. and Coehlearia 
arm. Dr. C. S. Fahnestock contributed a proving of Erecht kites. 

The following drugs were selected to be proved by the association : 
Erechthites, Stillingia, Ostrya,Bromide of ammonia,Dioscorea,Ptelia. 

On motion the Gen. Cor. Secretary was directed to transmit a copy 
of the proceedings to the journals for publication. 

It is the object of the society to include in their ranks all the wide- 
awake provers in the profession. 

T. C. Duncan, General Corresponding Secretary. 

The Hahnemann Medical College of Chicago commenced its 
Senior Course with the most flattering prospects. The removal to a 
more commodious building has afforded greater facilities for teaching, 
and is a source of great satisfaction to its patrons, The class of 1867 
and 8 numbers over fifty matriculants. The Faculty is now composed 
of some of the ablest teachers and writers in our school. From the 
information which we obtain, we conclude that this Institution will 
grow with a rapidity commensurate to its merits, until it becomes the 
foremost Homoeopathic College in the North-west. 

The new method of teaching Materia Medica, adopted by Prof. 
Hale, as well as that gentleman's thorough knowledge of the powers 
and uses of new as well as old remedies, aids very much in increasing 
the prosperity of the College. 



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COLLEGES AND SOCIETIES. 10S 

Western Institute op Homoeopathy — Next session will be held 
at Milwaukee, on the 21st of May. Our Eastern friends who attend 
the Western Institute will be warmly welcomed to spend a day with 
the Michigan Institute at Grand Rapids, meeting the day before the 
Western Institute. Grand Rapids is on the Detroit and Milwaukee 
Railroad, 165 miles north-west from Detroit, on the nearest route to 
Milwaukee from the East. 



American Institute of Homoeopathy will meet at St. Louis, 
June 2d, 3d, 4th and 5th. 



HOMOEOPATHIC DISPENSARY AT LYNN, MASS.— Dr. A. M. Cashing writes: « I pro- 
posed to oar city government to open a Dispensary, for the coming winter at least, if a room 
could be obtained. They have at once offered me a room in our new City Hall, just erected 
at a cost of $300,000. It will be open one hour each day from Jan. 1st, 1868. I give my time, 
medicines, and perform all surgical operations free." 

NEW HOMOEOPATHIC DISPENSARY AT CINCINNATI.— The organisation was per- 
fected and a Board of twenty Trustees elected, Nov. 29, 1867. 

A HOMOEOPATHIC DISPENSARY has been opened at 39 Green-st, Albany, N. Y. At- 
tending Physicians, Drs. Cox, Pratt, Jones, Paine, Randel and Horton. Dr. Horton, Resident 
Physician and Surgeon. Medical or surgical assistance Is rendered at any hour, day or night, 

RROOKLYN (N. Y.,) HOMOEOPATHIC DISPENSARY Fifth Annual Report shows great 
prosperity. 6798 patients and 20,772 prescriptions for the year 1867. A. E. Sumner, M. D., 
Medical Director. 

HARRISBURG (PA.) CITY DISPENSARY.— A new homoeopathic institution, commencing 
its work of benevolence under favorable auspices. Physicians : Drs. C. A Simonson, John H. 
Fager, R. Ross Roberts, M. Friese, C. J. Carmony, C. B. Fager. 

WASHINGTON (D. C.) HOMOEOPATHIC DISPENSARY.— Tullio S. Verdi, M. D., Direc- 
tor. Well sustained and prosperous. 

HOMOEOPATHIC DISPENSARY AT BOSTON.— Drs. A. F. Squier and A. Boothby have 
been appointed Visiting Physicians. 



MARRIED. 



"Walters— White.— On the 5th Dec, in Conneautville, Pa., at the residence of the bride's 
father, by the Rev. N. S. Lowrie, R. WILSON WALTERS, M. D., of Chagrin Falls, Ohio, and 
Miss SARAH FRANCES, daughter of Mr. H. K. Whit*. 

Smith— Moorehouse.— HENRY M. SMITH, M. D., Pro! of Physiology in New Fork 
Homoeopathic College, was married to Miss MARY E. MOOREHOUSE, of Boston, on the 18th 
of December last. 

" Domestic happiness, thou only bliss 
Of paradise that has survived the mil 1" 
We hope that they will realise it in abundant measure. 



NECROLOGICAL. 



The Criterio Medico announces the demise of Dr. Lopes Esquirox, a distinguished 
member of the Hahnemannian Society at Madrid, Spain. 

Matthews.— M. M Mattthews, M. D., late of Rochester, N. Y., died at Philadelphia, on 
the 22d Dec, 1867. When changing cars near Philadelphia, he received a severe injury, which 
resulted in death within a few hours. 

Lindsay.— Mrs. Harriot Lihdsay departed this life, at the residence of her son, Dr. Edwin 
A. Lodge, Detroit, on the 7th Dec, 1867, sat 70 years. 

" Asleep in Jesus ! blessed sleep 
From which none ever wakes to weep." 



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JttjMraal $totite$. 



Anderson*— "We welcome to a place with our collaborators, R.L. Anderson, M.D., of Frank- 
lin, Ohio. Dr. A. is a graduate of the Homeopathic College of Cleveland and the Eclectic Insti- 
tute of Cincinnati. During the war he was engaged in the Medical and Surgical Department 
XT. S. Navy, on the Mississippi. 

Basse tt. —Dr. W. M. Bassett, has removed from Morenci, Michigan, to Berlin Heights, 
Ohio. lie says that the way is now clear for a good homoeopath at his old field of labor. 

Brown.— J. A Brown, M D.. has moved from Farmington, Ills., and formed a co-partner- 
ship with Dr. Evans, at Peoria, in that State. 

Chandler.— G-. Iff. Chandler, M. D., late of Wauseon, Ohio, succeeds Dr. R. T. Tipple at 
Lock Haven, Pa. 

Child* •— Dr. Amherst Childs is now at the insane asylum at Canandaigua, N. Y., affected 
with softening of the brain. Being very aged, no hope u entertained of his recovery. He is 
quiet and contented, and imagines that he is getting better. 

Coffeen.— J. Q. A. Coffeen, late of Spnngdale, Ohio, has located at Dayton, in same State. 

Cooper.— H. T. Cooper, M. D., has left Joliet, Ills., and entered into business with'Dr. 
Van Liew, at Aurora. 

Garnsey.— 0. Alex. Garnsey, M. D., sends an account of poisoning with Kali bichromicum, 
which we purpose printing in March No. 

Hale.— The partnership between Profe. Small & Hale has been dissolved. Dr. E. M. Hale 
will practice hereafter with his brother, Dr. P. H. Hale, (firm, Dr. E. M. Hale and brother,) at 
124 South Clark street, Chicago. 

Hill.— R. S. Hill, M. D., late with Dr. Guilbert, Dubuque, Iowa, has located at Albany, Ills. 

Horton.— A. E. Horton, M. D., reports a very interesting paper on Cimicifuga. 

Hoyne.— Dr. T. S. Hoyne. of Chicago, contributes a paper on " The New Remedies i* Diph- 
theria," which will appear in March No. 

Jacks on t— H. H. Jackson, M. D., succeeds Dr. C. 0. Olmsted of Painsville, Ohio. 

Lnkeni. — M. B. Lukens, M. D., contributes several clinical reports, which are accepted 
with thanks. 

Mera.- H. P. Mera, M. D., has formed a partnership with Dr. Adams, of Canastota, Madi 
son county, N. Y. Both these gentlemen are converts from the old practice. Dr. M. feels grate- 
ful that he was induced to call at our office, where he obtained the first knowledge of the true 
art of he&hng—HomcBopathy. 

Olmsted.- C. C. Olmsted, M. D., has located at Fond du Lac, 'Wisconsin. 

Rnnyaii.— Dr. D. H. Runyan, of Elkhart, Indiana, has been confined to his house by sick- 
ness for over two months. 

Seeley.— J. E. Seeley, M. D., has removed from Mount Morris, N. Y., to Hornellsville.N.Y. 

Tallmadge.— R. Tallmadge, M. D., has removed from Enfield, N. Y., to k Mecklenburgh t 
Schuyler Co., same State. 

Trott.— The co-partnership between Drs. Putnam & Trott, at Wilmington, Ills., has been 
dissolved. Dr. l! E. Trott continues the practice. 

Thompson.— A. H. Thompson, M. D., late of St. Thomas, Canada, and J. R. Campbell, M. 
D., will practice in partnership, hereafter, at Lapeer, Lapeer County, Michigan. Seven months 
ago there was but one homoeopathic physician in Lapeer Co., now there are five, and all are 
doing well. The practice is becoming popular, its representatives more influential, and the 
opposition almost impotent. 

Vanderburgh.— Our physicians will be pained to hear that Dr. F. Vanderburgh's health 
has failed so much that he is now quite unable to read. 



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:' 



fjlatma fPUfoia. 



PJEtOF. EDWIN M. HALE, Editor. 



[For the American HomoBopatbio Obeerver.] 
GROSS 9 COMPARATIVE MATERIA MEDIOA. 

BT J. 8. DOUGLAS, M. D., MILWAUKEE, W18CONU*. 



For the last twenty-four years, I have devoted what little 
time I could command to the endeavor to obtain some tolerable 
comprehension of the characteristic properties of the drugs of 
our Materia Medica, their sphere of action and their differen- 
tial diagnoses. In common with others, I have found it a 
great and difficult task, — as Abraham Lincoln would have said, 
" a big job." 

It was therefore with no common pleasure that I hailed the 
appearance of the above work, trumpeted as it was by the 
breath of those who, we have been accustomed to think, give 
no uncertain sound ; and professing, as it does, to give us just 
what we most want, viz: the distinctive and characteristic 
properties of the drugs treated of, and the differential diagnosis 
of those that are analogous. I have anxiously waited to find 
leisure to commence its study in good earnest. This period 
has not yet arrived, but the few short snatches of time that I 
have improved to examine it, have resulted in disappointment. 

I have not yet found in it the essential characteristics of any 
one drug examined. I have not found the most essential and 
important points of differential diagnosis, or antithesis of the 
drugs, compared or contrasted. In many instances the drugs 
chosen for comparison are not at all analogous in their prop 
erties or modes of action ; or to use the words of the illustrious 
editor of the work, " related remedies, or in other words, such 
as have a predominating similarity in their effects." Many of 
them, it seems to me, are about as unlike as any that could be 
chosen. 

10 March 



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f 4 

106 : . GEOSS' COMPARATIVE MATERIA MEDICA. 

But let us look at the author's method of procedure and 
examine its accuracy and completeness. And we take as an 
example the first antithesis instituted, viz : of Aconite and Apis : 



Apis. — Comp. predom. in 
external parts. 



Aeon. — Complaints (tension, 
&c.) predominate in internal 
parts. 

We do not know how much is included in this " Ac." If it 
includes any large portion of the complaints of Aconite and 
Apis, it is not a safe distinction, nor do we think it is if the 
meaning is more restricted. 

Aconite produces very marked effects upon the most external 
part, viz : the skin. Skin dry and burning. Itching and 
burning. The entire body is painful and distressingly sensitive 
to the touch. Both the upper and lower extremities are 
affected by tensive pressure and drawing pains. 

On the other hand, the complaints of Apis, instead of being 
chiefly external, are altogether predominantly internal, viz: 
upon the urinary and genital organs, the ovaries and uterus, 
the peritoneum and other serous membranes. Again : 



Apis. — Comp. predom. in 
the roof of the mouth, spleen, 
and hollow of the knee. 



Aeon. — Complaints predom- 
inate on the soft palate, liver, 
and patella! 

Much of this looks to me unimportant and even frivolous. 
Would it not be vastly more important -to say that Aconite 
complaints predominate in the heart, the tongue, stomach, 
abdomen and chest, and those of Apis are in the urinary organs, 
the ovaries, peritoneum, &c? 

Aeon. — The part affected is I Apis. — The part affected is 
hot. ' I chilled. 

This is only true of Aconite in relation to its secondary 
effect. Of all drugs, perhaps, Aconite produces the greatest 
depression of the vital powers, primarily, the greatest degree 
of venous congestion, with great chilliness and actual coldness. 
The heat is but a secondary effect. 

Nor is it, on the other hand, a characteristic of Apis, that it 
chills the parts affected. Among its recorded effects are: 
redness, burning, &c. of the tongue, month, fauces and throat ; 
burning and throbbing in the head ; burning pain in the con- 
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GROSS' COMPARATIVE MATKRTA MEDICA. 107 

junctiva ; redness and burning in the nostrils and upon the 
nose ; burning^ stinging, as of fire, on the chin, &c; extreme 
sensation of scalding on the tongue; burning and blisters along 
the edge of the tongue ; burning and dryness of the throat ; 
heat and burning in the stomach ; burning internal soreness of 
the abdomen; burning in the urethra; sensation of aching 
heat in the region of the diaphragm ; burning in the chest and 
stomach ; burning pains through the entire front of the chest ; 
fiery burning at the tips of the fingers, &c, &c. A high 
authority asserts that " heat, redness, extreme soreness, and a 
burning) smarting pain, are the principal characteristic symp- 
toms " of Apis. What truth is there, then, in the assertion of 
our author, that chilliness of the parts affected is a character- 
istic, in antithesis, to Aconite, which produces heat of the parts 
affected ; especially when we remember that heat is only the 
secondary effect of Aconite, while its whole primary effect is 
the production of coldness ? It seems to me that this antithe- 
sis tends to lead the student awtray, and that it would be moro 
true if it had been reversed. Again : 

Aeon. — Saliva predominent- Apis. — Saliva predom. in- 
ly diminished. creased. 

In our imperfect knowledge of the characteristics of drugs, 
we should have been disposed to reverse this contrast ; for we 
find ptyalism one of the characteristic pathogenetic symptoms 
of Aconite, while we have dryness, &c, of the tongue, mouth 
and fauces, as a characteristic of Apis. Again : 



Aeon. — Infrequent discharge 
of urine. 



Apis. — Frequent discharge 
of urine. 



The mere frequency of urination is not of itself of much 
importance, but we must think that this distinction is not well 
founded. I do not find infrequent urination as a pathogenetic 
symptom of Aconite. It is mentioned as a curative symptom 
only, but one not known to have been produced by it, while it 
does produce incontinence of urine, frequent urging to urinate, 
excessive watery urination, &c. Apis exhibits no contrast to 
these symptoms, but the same symptoms somewhat exag- 
gerated. 

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108 



gross' comparative materia medica. 



While our author has given us trifles, and strained and imag- 
inary antithesis, I cannot but think that he has failed to appre- 
hend, or at least has not given us the really important charac- 
teristic properties of the two drugs that are in contrast with 
each other. 

Arc not the following altogether more important than any- 
thing we have in the text ? 



ACONITE, 

Pains shooting, 
stinging, throbbing. 



cutting, 



Primary diminished sensi- 
bility of the nerves of sensat'n. 

Primarily diminishes mus- 
cular power. 

Paralyses the ganglionic 
nerves. 

Increased secretion of tears. 

Loss of appetite. 

Coldness of stomach. 

Stools white. 



APIS. 

Pains pressive,dull, burning. 
Pains in the ovaries are some- 
times sharp and cutting. 

Primary increased sensibility 
of do. 

Primarily increases muscular 
power. 

Stimulates the ganglionic 
nerves. 

Increased secretion of mucus. 

Increased appetite. 

Heat of stomach. 



Stools yellow, brown, or 
mucus and bloody. 
Let us look a moment at the next antithesis or comparison, 
that of Aconite and Arnica : 



Arnica, — Same complaints 
in external parts. 



Aconite. — Complaints (ten- 
sion, &c.,) predom. in internal 
parts. 

We have already commented on the first of these proposi- 
tions. We would amend the second by saying that the com- 
plaints of Arnica predominate in the muscles, tendons and 
cellular tissue, wherever found. We believe also with Jahr, 
that " the physiological provings of Arnica completely show 
its specific sphere of action on the lungs and pleura, with its 
numerous symptoms of bleeding from the substance of the 
lungs, and its prompt action on the heart." The contrast of 
internal and external action of these two drugs, then, is with- 
out foundation, and is adapted to make a false and dangerous 
impression. 

Aconite. — Heat, with incli- I Arnica. — Heat, with aver- 
nation to uncover, sion to uncover. 



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gross' comparative materia medica. 109 

This is not true of Aconite during the continuance of its 
primary action, nor during the transition from the cold con- 
gestive stage to the re-active or inflammatory stage. It is only 
true after the primary congestive stage is past and re-action is 
fully established. We may assert, indeed, that Aconite is 
never more strongly indicated than in the cold, congestive 
stage of inflammatory diseases, when the patient has a great 
aversion to uncover. The characteristic given in the text, 
then, which is, at least, half false, is adapted to prevent the 
student from using this invaluable drug just where its use is 
most strongly indicated and where it is most useful. Again : 



Aconite. — Complaints pre- 
dominate in the upper part of 
chest. 



Arnica. — Complaints pre- 
dominate in the lower part of 
chest. 



There may be h shadow of truth in this, but we had supposed 
that the pathogenesis of Aconite afforded strong indications 
for its use in pneumonia and pleurisy located in the lower por- 
tion of the chest, but this distinction is adapted to divert the 
attention of the student from Aconite in these diseases. 

Let us look at the comparison, Aconite and Belladonna : 



Aconite. — Arterial system 
dominant. 



Belladonna. — Venous sys- 
tem dominant. 



We fear this contrast is calculated to mislead, if by it is 
meant that the dominant action of Aconite is upon the arterial 
system, while Belladonna acts chiefly upon the venous. It 
would lead the student to overlook Aconite and look for other 
drugs in that great and dangerous class of diseases character- 
ized by predominant venous congestion, to which Aconite 
is pre-eminently adapted. The venous symptoms of Aconite 
are altogether predominant. No drug, we believe, produces 
such profound and extensive venous congestion of the brain, 
lungs, and all the abdominal organs, with the concurrent symp- 
toms of coldness, blueness, &c. According to the degree and 
the stage of its action, the congestion is passive or active. It 
is only when the system is aroused against and overcomes its 
primary depressing and paralysing influence that the arterial 
action becomes predominant. 



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no 



GBOSS' COMPARATIVE MATERIA MEDICA. 



Would not the following distinctions between these two 
drugs, which are not found in this exhaustive book, be more 
important than the " modalities " with which it is so largely 
occupied ? 



ACONITE. 

Fullness, compression and 
heaviness of the forehead. 
Headache behind the orbits. 

Heat in the whole affected 
brain. 

Steady feeling of weight, 
and pressure in the brain. 

Headache not affected by 
pressure. 

Increased sensitiveness of 
hearing. 

Smell very sensitive. 

Predominant dryness of the 
mouth. 

Eising of sweetish water in 
the mouth. 

Voice croaking. 



BELLADONNA. 

Continuous and forcible dis- 
tension of the whole brain. 

Headache close above the 
orbits. 

Sometimes sense of coldness 
in the brain in the centre of 
the forehead. 

When walking, the brain 
teels as if ascending and de- 
scending, or swashing. 

Headache ameliorated 



by 



pressure. 

Dullness of hearing. 



Smell often diminished. 

Predominant sliminess of 
the mouth. 

Eructations, bitter, putrid, 
burning, sour. 

Voice rough, hoarse, or 
weak and wheezing. 

Under the several antitheses of Aconite with other drugs, the 
following characteristics of Aconite are furnished : 1st, Com- 
plaints predominate in internal parts. 2d, In soft palate, liver 
and patella. 3d, In upper part of the chest and palms of the 
hands. 4th, In soft palate and fore-arm, 5th, In upper lip, 
upper part of chest and fore-arm. 6th, In left side. 7th, In 
lower jaw, upper part of chest, in the liver and fore-arm. 8th, 
In joints. 9th, In upper lip, soft palate, liver, fore-arm and 
hip joints. 10th, Soft palate and patella. 11th, In fore-arm. 
Pretty comprehensive predominance I First, as a general 
proposition, the complaints of Aconite predominate in internal 
parts. Then they predominate in the soft palate, patella, fore- 
arm, upper lip, lower jaw, joints, hips, &c. Under Aconite 
and Apis we have : Apis, Complaints predominate in external 



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GROSS' COMPABATTVE MATERIA MEDICA, Ill 

parts. Under Apis and Arsenicum we have : Apis, Complaints 
predominate in the spleen. 

Bat in my hurried glance I have not time, just now, to 
examine further. If any one more appreciative of drug action 
and characteristics than 1 am will indicate one drug in this 
great work, the important characteristics of which are correctly 
given, and reliable indications furnished for its various appli- 
cations in disease, he will oblige me. I have not yet found it. 

I have not written these first hasty impressions for the pur- 
pose of depreciating this really valuable work. I do, on the 
other hand, strongly advise every physician and student of the 
Materia Medica to possess it and study it, not as a final author- 
ity, but as a valuable indicator of a course of study, and as a 
beginning in the proper direction. 

Our Materia Medica needs " reconstructing " in several par- 
ticulars. 

1st. ' We want a correct gronping of analogous drugs, all 
those being grouped together which have " a predominating 
similarity of effect. " 

2d. The characteristics common to all the members of each 
group. This is a somewhat difficult task, but it requires to be 
done. One chief difficulty in determining the characteristics 
of drugs is the want of chronological order in the record of 
their pathogenetic effects, rendering it difficult and sometimes 
impossible to distinguish between primary and secondary 
symptoms. Teste has made a beginning of the grouping, and 
his work is valuable ; but it needs corrections and large addi- 
tions of all the more recently added remedies. Gross has 
made another attempt at grouping, certainly not more success- 
ful than that of Teste, and his attempt at characteristics is a 
failure. 

3d. We want the differential diagnoses of allied drugs. Our 
idea of the great deficiency of Gross' work in this particular 
has been already indicated. Nevertheless I strongly recom- 
mend it, together with the grouped Materia Medica of Teste, 
to every physician and student. 

The use 1 would have made of it is something as follows : 
Let the physician or student take Gross' work and begin where 

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IIS GROSS* COMPARATIVE MATERIA MEDICA. 

he begins, with Aconite. Let him, before taking another step, 
make himself perfectly master of its true scope and genius ; of 
the manner in which it affects the nervous, venous and arterial 
system, the serous and mucous surfaces, the viscera, and in 
short, every part of the system. Let him, in all this, carefully 
discriminate between the primary and secondary effects. 
Having perfectly mastered all the characteristics of this drug, 
let him select, by a careful analysis, by the aid of both Gross 
and Teste, and all others at command, all the other drugs of 
our Materia Medica whose effects upon the system are analo- 
gous, and arrange them under Aconite, thus forming the first 
group, This will require no small amount of critical labor, 
but it will be profitable labor, even if it never proceeds farther 
than the formation and thorough study of the first group. But 
having formed the group, let him write out the symptoms and 
characteristics common to all the members of it. Then the 
characteristic symptoms of each drug in it. Then, let him 
take Aconite and the first member of the group after it and 
write out their differential diagnosis in all important particu- 
lars, after the manner of Gross, and the same with each suc- 
ceeding member of the group, making critical corrections in 
his selections of analogues, supplying his striking deficiences 
of characteristics and improving his supply of antithetical 
symptoms. 

Having completed this group, let him select another repre- 
sentative drug and proceed to form another analogous group 
with its common and individual characteristics and differential 
diagnosis. And so on, through the whole Materia Medica. I 
believe if some of the critical minds of our profession, who 
are able to command the leisure, would set themselves earnestly 
at work in this direction, a few years would produce a work 
worth vastly more than those of Teste and Gross combined. 
If no one competent man can be found who can spare the 
time, could not such a most desirable work be performed by 
the co-operation of several, one taking one group and another 
another? Who shall be the man or the men? Will not our 
thinking brethren give it a serious thought? 

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THE PATHOGENESIS OF SUGAR. 



We wish to enter our solemn protest against the tendency 
of the ultra-purism of our school, as well as against the intro- 
duction of vile, filthy, inert, or simply nutritious substances, 
into the Homoeopathic Materia Medica. 

The latest and most mortifying attempt of the kind will be 
found Jn a recent number of the Hahnemannian Monihly, 
namely, a pretended pathogenesis of Saccharum album. We 
cannot comprehend the unsophisticated inanity of the person 
who dan believe that sugar, a substance as simple as starch, can 
cause such terrible diseases as are there set forth, or that it can 
cure such dire diseases (?) as "excessive modesty," "chastity/' 
etc. If an open and avowed, or malicious and secret enemy of 
our school had wished to cast opprobium and ridicule on our 
system, no better way could have been selected than to publish 
as a bona-fide pathogenesis the ridiculous article on sugar to 
which we have referred. 

If Homoeopathy was not built upon a foundation strong and 
immutable, such absurdities would long ago have shaken it to 
pieces. This puerility will do to class with those insane mani- 
festations of some of the early devotees, who put to shame the 
fame of our Great Pounder, One of them, mentioned by Dr. 
Dudgeon in his lectures, may well rival the author of the path- 
ogenesis of sugar. This worthy, observing that one of his 
patients got a terrible and unique attack of colic from eating a 
peculiar plum pudding, goes to work to potentize a portion of 
said pudding, and advises the 30th thereof for similar cases of 
colic ! 

We copy and fully endorse the article which follows, from 
the British Journal of Homoeopathy. Our only surprise is that 
the subject has not been sooner noticed by American journals. 

H. 

Homcbopathy run to weed. — In the October No. of our 
contemporary, the " American Hahnemannian Monthly," we 
find an article on Sugar or Saccharum, arranged by Dr. Lippe, 
the editor of the Monthly and Professor of Materia Medica in 
what remains of the Homoeopathic Medical College of Penn- 
sylvania since the secession of Dr. Hering and his followers, to 



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llj, THE PATHOGENESIS OP SUGAR. 

found another college, called, we believe, the Hahnemann Med- 
ical College, or something similar. 

The article in question professes to be a proving of sugar 
by the late Dr. 8. Bonninghausen and Dr. Gk Bute. The 
arranger tells us that it " causes a disturbance in the organism 
only when taken in excessively large quantities/' and he informs 
us that the symptoms contributed by Dr. Bute were obtained 
by proving on himself the 30th potency, so that we are led to 
conclude either that the 30th potency is an excessively large 
quantity, or that Bute's symptoms were unattended by any dis- 
turbance in the organism. What potency Dr. Bonninghausen 
proved sugar in we are not told. This is the more to be regret- 
red as we cannot help feeling curious to know what quantity of 
white sugar was required to produce such symptoms as the 
following : Violent ophthalmia, dimness of the cornea, (edem- 
atous swelling of the face, scurvy, ranula, ulcers in the throat, 
induration of the liver, swelling of the liver, abdomen as hard 
as a stone, atrophia messenterica, water in the abdomen, enor- 
mous swelling of the scrotum, pneumonia (twice), oedematous 
swelling of arms, legs swollen as hard as a stone, oedematous 
swelling of legs — water oozes out of them, rheumatic fevers, 
malignant piague fevers, chlorosis with dropsy, attacks of gout. 
How many of these dreadful symptoms were contributed by Dr. 
Bonninghausen and how many by Dr. Bute with his 30th 
potency we are left to conjecture, for no clue is given to enable 
us to separate the symptoms belonging to each contributor. 
Symp. 38 strikes us as rather an odd one, " useful as a tooth- 
powder." 

" The purely curative effects derived from clinical observa- 
tion " are distinguished by an asterisk. One of these has par- 
ticularly arrested our attention. It is symp. 11, " great mod- 
esty (chastity)." Now, how is this curative effect to be under- 
stood ? Was some person cured of modesty by sugar ? We 
are anxious to know the sex of the subject of this clinical 
observation, and the dose of sugar that effected this marvellous 
result ? Did the observer extinguish the chastity of some very 
simple maid by a handful of sugar-plums ? The dragSes du 
diable or Devil's comfits employed for such purposes by the 
rotds of the court of Louis XV are generally supposed to have 
contained something besides sugar. If we read this clinical 
observation in connection with symptom 91, iC increased sexual 
desire," we may be tempted to think that it was rather an Allo- 
pathic than a Homoeopathic action of the drug. In short, we 
trust that the learned arranger will favor us with some more 
precise details than appear in his arrangement, with respect to 
this very undesirable, and, to all appearance, far from pure 
i 

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THE PATHOGENESIS OF SUGAR. 115 

" purely curative effect of sugar," for we should be truly sorry 
to think that the chastity of our female acquaintances was 
endangered by their partiality for lollipops. 

Another reflection presents itself. Can potencies of saccha- 
rum be administered in our ordinary sugar globules ? And if 
it be replied that the globules are not potentized, then we may 
ask, how about those medicines which have been potentized to 
higher powers from dissolved globules of a lower potency? 
Will not the sugar they are made of be potentized also ? and 
if so, how can we imagine we are administering a simple med- 
icine when we give it plus the potentized sugar, which we are 
here told is a substance of such wonderful power ? Then if 
Saccharum album has such mighty medicinal effects, will nobody 
ascertain for us if Saccharum lactis be not equally powerful ? 
and if it be, what becomes of all our drugs potentized from 
triturations ? 

Fortunately for our peace of mind we remain, in spite 
of Drs. Bonninghausen, Bute and Lippe, complete sceptics 
with regard to the medicinal effects of potentized sugar, and we 
can only say that the incredible effects attributed to this innoc- 
uous aliment will render us very sceptical as regards the trust- 
worthiness of other provings proceeding from the same quarter. 
Of course we are familiar with the observations recorded by 
various physiologists with respect to the effects of feeding 
animals on sugar alone, and we can fully believe in the effects 
they record of such a diet, but these effects were more owing to 
the deprivation of other and necessary constituents of food than 
to any deleterious action of sugar, which in due proportion is 
not only a wholesome but an indispensable aliment. These 
experiments can never, and were not intended to show that 
sugar had any medicinal effect whatever, but only that by itself 
alone it could not sustain animal life, and to make them the 
foundation of a pathogenesis of sugar with a view to ascertain 
its pure medicinal effects, is to misunderstand entirely the scope 
and the meaning of these purely dietetic experiments.* Sim- 
ilar effects have been observed by restricting animals to a diet 
of starch, oil, gum, and even bread, which might all, with equal 
propriety, be considered medicinal substances. Surely medici- 
nal substances of undoubted power still remain to be proved 
without encumbering our Materia Medica with such useless and 
incredible symptoms as this so-called proving of sugar. 

We are sorry to seem to be deficient in courtesy towards a 
contemporary in thus criticising unfavorably an article in these 

* We do not mean to say that the symptom* ascribed to sugar in this proving are derived from 
such dietetic experiment*, for there is no bint throughout it as to what kind of subjects the 
symptoms recorded occurred in, nor any indication of the doses of sugar administered. 

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IIS POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS, 

pages, but we feel bound, on the present occasion, to set 
courtesy aside in order to protest with all our might against a 
so-called proving which possesses every vice that a proving 
should not have. The substance proved is not medicinal ; no 
names or description of provers are given ; the dose taken is 
not indicated, nor the period after taking the dose at which the 
symptoms appeared mentioned. In short, the only possible use 
this so-called proving can serve, is to show intending provers 
what they must avoid if they would furnish anything useful to 
our Materia Medica. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer,] 
POLTPORTTS OFFICINALIS. 



(Continued from page 65.) 
PROVING BY WM. H. BURT, M. D„ OP LINCOLN, ILLS. 

My temperament is sanguine-nervous, with a little of the lymphatic, 
8Bt. 29, weight 148 lbs. Not predisposed to any particular disease. 
Good appetite ; tongue clean. Bowels move once a day. Am in per- 
fect health. 

Oct. 4. — 10 a. m., took 25 grains of the third dec. trituration. 
3 p. m.; half an hour after taking the Polyporus commenced to 
have dull frontal headache, with deep distress in the epigastrium. 
Has continued ever since, with dull pains in the right hypochondrium, 
and sharp pains in the epigastrium ; aggravated by walking ; loud 
borborygnous. Took 25 grains, 9 p. m. Same symptoms all day, but 
more strongly marked. 

Oct. 5. — Slept well ; loose stool at 6 a. m. 10 a. m. took 20 grains 
of the crude Polyporus offic. 11 a. m., for the last fifteen minutes 
there has been constant nausea, with severe distress in the stomach 
and umbilicus. 2 p. m., deep, drawing pains in the forehead, with 
frequent nausea, and sharp, cutting pains in the epigastrium. Loud 
rumbling of the bowels. 5 p. m., all the afternoon have had a burn- 
ing distress in the region of the gall-bladder, with a heavy, aching 
distress in the same region, and accompanied with sharp, cutting 
pains in the epigastrium and hypochondrium. Dull, aching distress 
in the umbilicus, with loud borborygmus. 6 p. m., all the symptoms 
the same, with great desire for stool ; soft, mushy stool, mixed with 
mucus ; the medicine having acted as a mild cathartic in eight 
hours. 9 p. m., same symptoms continue. 

Oct. 6. — Awoke at midnight in a profuse perspiration, notwith- 
standing it was a cold, rainy night ; at the same time I was suffering 
with hard, cutting pains, in the epigastrium. 5 a. m., awoke with the 
same cutting pains in the epigastric region, and distress in the um- 
bilicus, with great desire for stool ; soft, mushy stool, followed by 
dull, heavy, aching pains in the region of the right lobe of the liver. 
Took 3 grs. 10 a. m., dull frontal headache, with dull, aching, burn- 
ing distress in the epigastrium and whole right hypochondrium, with 
dull, heavy, drawing pains in the region of the right lobe of the liver, 



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POI/rPORUS OFFICINALIS. 117 

extending through to the dorsal region, Dull, aching distress in the 
whole abdomen, with loud borborygmus. Frequent spells of nausea, 
lasting but a moment. 8 p. m., the above symptoms have lasted all 
day, with a feeling in the fauces as if 1 would vomit, but no nausea. 
Hands hot and dry. Dull pains in the lumbar region. Severe dis- 
tress in the umbilical and hypogastric region, with great desire for 
stool. Stool of a dark color, mixed with bile and mucus, followed 
by a dull aching distress in the dorsal region, extending up to the 
shoulders, on both sides. Very weak and languid. 

Oct. 7. — Had a restless night. My head ached severely all night, 
with dull aching distress in the epigastric and umbilical regions, 
and heavy, dragging pains in the right lobe of the liver. Hard, 
aching distress in the lumbar region. 6 a. m., very black-colored 
stool, mixed with bile and mucus. Before the stool I voided about 
one dram of white mucus. Took 40 grs. 8 a. m., violent frontal 
headache, very much aggravated by walking; head feels light and 
hollow. Great burning distress in the region of the stomach and 
liver, extending down to the umbilicus, with urgent desire for stool. 
Stool that ran a stream from the bowels, of bile, mucus and black 
foecal matter, followed by the same distress. Severe backache. Feel- 
ing greatly prostrated, can hardly stand up, my knees are so weak, 
10 a. m., the great burning distress in the stomach, liver and bowels, 
has continued unabated. Now it is xery severe ', with urgent desire 
for stool. Copious stool of water and black foecal matter, with great 
desire to strain after stool, followed by the same symptoms that pre- 
ceded the stool. It will be seen by this experiment that 40 grs. of 
the Polyporus, well triturated, will act as a violent hydrogogue 
cathartic in two hours, if it is taken on an empty stomach. 9 p. m., 
have had the same symptoms all day, but since 2 p. m. they have been 
getting easier. 

Oct. 8. — Slept well. Feeling very languid. Hard frontal head- 
ache. Flat, bitter taste in the mouth. Tongue red at the tip and 
coated yellow at the base. Distress in the right hypochondrium and 
umbilicus. Hard, black, lumpy stool, mixed with bile and mucus. 
7 a. m., took 32 grs. 1 p. m., have had constant and severe aching 
distress in the right lobe of the liver, lower part of the epigastrium, 
and upper part of the umbilicus. Great desire for stool ; soft, black, 
foe ted, papescent stool, followed by the most terrible distress between 
the stomach and navel ; lasted all the afternoon ; could not get relief 
in any position ; accompanied with great faintness and high fever. 
Pulse 110, full and soft ; a full inspiration produces sharp, stabbing 
pains in the right lobe of the liver and lower dorsal region. Great 
aching distress in all the joints. 9 p. m., the above symptoms have 
continued all day. My urine is very high-colored and scanty. So 
languid I can hardly walk. 

Oct. 9. — Slept soundly. My head is feeling very light and hollow, 
with deep frontal headache. Eye-balls ache severely. The fever is 
all gone. Tongue is coated thickly, yellow; bitter taste in the mouth. 
Dull, aching distress in the right lobe of liver and umbilicus, with great 
desire for stool ; dark papescent stool. Dull, aching distress in the 



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118 POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS. 

lumbar region. Very languid, Took 50 grs. 12 m., am excessively 
weak ; great aching distress in all my joints ; disposition to yawn 
and stretch, with frequent chilliness along the spine, and hot flashes 
of fever. Violent frontal headache, with an extremely light, hollow 
feeling of the head ; the headache is greatly aggravated by walking. 
Had a mushy stool at 9 a. m., with great distress in the region of the 
liver and small intestines. Great aching distress in the dorsal and 
lumbar region. 6 p. m,, papescent stool, followed by about one tea- 
spoonful of blood, with severe tenesmus. Constant fever ; pulse 100. 
9 p. m., fever still continues. Pulse 96. Face hot and flushed ; 
severe aching in all the large joints, with great lassitude. Some 
symptoms of the liver and bowels continue. Had to retire at dark, 
was so weak. 

Oct. 10. — Had a restless night ; fever lasted all night. Head feel- 
ing light. Thick yellow coating on the tongue ; bitter, coppery taste 
in the mouth ; gums and teeth are all sore. Great rumbling in the 
bowels ; dull, dragging pains in the region of the right lobe of the 
liver. Severe backache ; back is very stiff; can hardly rise up after 
sitting down a few moments. 12 m., feeling much better. Soft, 
mushy stool. 9 p. m., have been getting better all day, but still have 
pain in the liver and bowels. 

Oct. 1 1. — Feeling quite well ; sweat profusely all night ; papescent, 
dark-colored stool, without pain. 

Oct. 16. — My bowels have been loose every day, with from one to 
three stools a day, without pain ; all have been of a dark color ; to- 
day my stool is natural and I am feeling well. 

I made a second proving of the Polyporus officinalis, continued it 
four days; the last day I took 115 grains. The symptoms were 
exactly similar to those noted above in the first proving, with the 
addition of a few more. Had constant coppery taste in the mouth ; 
teeth and gums became very sore. The stools were not so black, and 
all contained more or less of undigested food and were mixed with 
water ; also a number contained something that had the appearance 
of oil. It was in drops, from the size of the common new cent down 
to small drops. The color was clear and white. Was it oil, or not ? 
Loss of appetite. Frightful dreams of the water. Very sad and 
gloomy. 

The Rev. M. D. Curtis, of Hillsborough, North Carolina, writes 
me that the Indians of the Rocky Mountains use the Polyporus habit- 
ually as a purge, in place of any other purgative. 

SYMPTOMATOLOGY AND CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS. 

CHARACTERISTIC PECULIARITIES. 

1. Head feeling light and hollow, with deep frontal headache and 
faintness. — B. 

2. The effect upon the liver is peculiar. — B. 

3. Affects the right side of the body more than the left. — B. 

4. Few rheumatic symptoms in the extremities. — B. 

5. Great aching distress in all the large joints, during the fever, 
with great prostration. — B. 



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POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS. 119 

6. Most of the pains caused by the Polyporus are in the right 
hypochondrium and umbilical region. — B. 

7. Yellow, papescent stools, mixed with something that looks like 
oil, in drops the size of a cent down to small drops. — B. 

8. Feeling of coldness of the stomach. — S. 

SKIN. 

9. Itching over the whole body, most violent between the scapula 
and on the fore-arms. — W. 

SLEEP. 

10. Sleep not disturbed at night. — W., et al. 

11. Very restless all night, with fever and aching distress in the 
large joints. — B. 

12. Great restlessness after midnight. — B. 

13. Dream much at night. — W. 

14. Awoke at midnight, two different nights, in a profuse perspira- 
tion.— B. 

FEVER. 

15. Chilliness along the spine, with frequent hot flashes of fever. — B. 

16. Fever all one afternoon and night. — B. 

17. Pulse 100, soft and full.— B. 

18. Skin hot and dry, especially the palms of the hands. — B. 

19. Awoke at midnight, two different nights, in a profuse perspira- 
tion. — B. 

20. Disposition to yawn and stretch when chilly. — B. 

21. Great restlessness after midnight. — B. 

22. Very weak and languid. — B. 

23. Great faintness at the epigastrium. — B. 

24. Frequent nausea. — B. 

25. Great aching distress in all the joints. — B. 

26. Face hot and flushed, with severe frontal headache — B. 

27. Dull aching distress in the back and legs. — B. 

28. Slight chilliness creeps up the back to nape of the neck, most 
noticable between the shoulders. This was succeeded by a general 
feeling of chilliness, lasting for several minutes. — L. 

29. Great languor, with repeated yawning. — L. 

30. Chilliness between the shoulders. — L. 

31. General feeling of malaise all the afternoon and evening. — L. 

32. Loss of appetite. — L. 

33. Nausea. — L., et al. 

34. Frontal headache. — L. et al. 

35. Much thirst.— W. 

36. Unusual chilliness when in the open air. — S. 

37. Icy coldness of the nose. — S. 

38. Shuddering, more from nervousness than from a general chilli 
ness. — S. 

39. Great languor. — S. 

40. Nausea.— S. 

41. Tongue coated yellow, with sweetish, nauseous taste. — S.,W.,B. 

42. Desire for acids. — S. 



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120 POLTPORUS OFFICINALIS. 

43. Tongue coated thickly, yellow. — B. 

44. Urine scanty and high-colored. — B. 

45. Urine profuse and colorless. — W. 

46. Constant desire to urinate. — W. 

CLINICAL REMARKS. 

In intermittent, remittent and bilious fevers, the Polyporus offio. 
will be found superior to all known remedies, excepting Quinine, and 
in many cases where Quinine fails, the Polyporus will cure the case 
most beautifully. This I have done in a number of cases of chronic 
intermittent fever. I regret to state that I am not able to point out 
the exact symptoms of intermittent that the Polyporus offic. is 
homoeopathic to. I will give some cases sent to me by my brother 
physicians, and leave time to solve the problem. 

My friend Dr. F. A. Lord, of Chicago, 111., writes me, " My clin- 
ical experience with the Polyporus offic. has been as follows : It is to 
be regretted that I cannot give the symptoms of each dose with more 
particularity than I am able to do, and especially that characteristic 
symptoms could not have been more definitely ascertained." 

Case 1.— Win, S., a discharged soldier from Missouri, set about 22 ; 
rather short, thick-set, and dark complexion. Came to me on the 28th 
of July, 1865, during a paroxysm of ague. Has had it, off and on, 
for six months. Has had it daily for a month, and taken large quan- 
tities of Quinine and other medicines, at the hospital in St. Louis* 
Quinine, when he was first taken with the disease, would usually 
interrupt the return of the paroxysms for a few days, when they 
would return again as badas ever. The army surgeons had told him 
that Quinine would never cure him. The paroxysms are severe and 
the stages all well marked. The sweating stage, perhaps, least so of 
all. He has much thirst before and during the chill, but not muoh 
in the fever, which lasts about three hours. Had high fever when I 
saw him. Face flushed ; pulse full and bounding. I gave him two 
grain powders of the Polyporus offic. 1st decimal trituration, and 
directed him to take one every two hours while awake. Gave enough 
to last 48 hours. I did not see the patient again until August 25th, 
when he told me that he took the powders as directed ; that the nex, 
day after he saw me he had a slight chill, followed by a little fevert 
and had felt no symptoms of the ague since, and had been perfectly 
well every way, as far as he knew, His appearance was that of robust 
health. This is is the best cure of the intermittent fever I ever made, 
and is really a remarkable one. It naturally gave me great confidence 
in the remedy. 

Case 2. — Frank H., a returned soldier ; has been for some time 
troubled with tertian ague ; paroxysms not very severe, but attended 
with a good deal of pain in the head. The fever rather predominates 
over the chill ; has little or no sweat. Does not feel very well on the 
well day. Saw him Aug. 17, in a paroxysm. Prescribed Polyporus, 
1st dec, two grs. every second hour, for two days. He had no return 
of the fever. I treated him a few weeks afterwards for a rheumatio 
affection of the chest, but discovered no signs of miasmatic disease. 



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POLTPORUS OFFICINALIS. 181 

Case 3. — Aug. 20 was called to see a Dutch woman, set 48, in the 
fourth month of pregnancy. She had only been in this country three 
months. Was living near an extensive slough. Was suffering from 
tertian ague, in which the chills largely predominated. The fever 
was light and the sweat very little ; chill lasted from two to three 
hours ; not much thirst ; bowels constipated ; tongue yellow. No 
appetite. Feels miserable all the time. Has taken no medicine. 
Prescribed Polvporus 1st, two grains every three hours. She after- 
wards reported that the medicine cured her in a few days. 

Case 4. — James C After a few days of indisposition, was attacked 
with a violent fever, Sept. 23d. Was somewhat delirious when I saw 
him. Considerable tenderness of the abdomen, especially in the 
right iliac region ; tongue heavily coated, with red tip ; he complained 
of great pain in the head, back and limbs. I regarded the case as 
typhoid fever, and prescribed Baptisia and Gelseminum, in two-drop 
doses of the tincture in water alternately every hour. Next day 
found the patient much better ; he had sweat profusely, after getting 
under the influence of the medicine. Slept considerably during the 
night; was rational, and had but little fever, but some tenderness of 
the abdomen and pit of the stomach. Gave Baptisia in drop doses 
of the tincture, and Bryonia 2d, alternately, every two hours. The 
next day I found that my patient had had a severe chill, followed by 
high fever, which had nearly passed away when I saw him. Regard- 
ing the disease as having changed its form, the continued to the 
intermittent type. I prescribed Polyporus 1st, two grains every two 
hours. From this time the patient steadily and rapidly recovered, so 
much so that his friends regarded the work as almost miraculous. In 
about two weeks he again became ill, after much imprudence in expo- 
sing himself to inclement weather and exceedingly hard work. He 
became very weak, lost flesh and appetite ; became badly jaundiced ; 
finally was attacked with quotidian ague in an aggravated form. The 
chill was not well marked nor severe ; but was followed by excessively 
high fever, accompanied with delirium and muttering. This passed 
off with a little sweating, in the course of two to three hours. In 
the interval he was scarcely able to drag himself about. After two 
or three of these paroxysms, I was again sent for, I prescribed Poly- 
porus again, in the same manner as before. It seemed to have no 
effect, except to remove the jaundice, After three days' trial, I put 
him on five-grain doses of the crude drug, every three hours, for two 
days, without apparent effect, except to completely remove the jaun- 
dice. Fearing that the patient would pass out of my hands, I gave 
him Quinine in four -grain doses, 1st decimal trituration, four times a 
day. This had the desired effect in stopping the return of the chills, 
, and by the assistance of other remedies, the patient improved satis- 
factorily. In three weeks, however, the chills returned again, after 
imprudent conduct, as before. Quinine again removed the disease. 
The fever was then kept off by giving two grains of Quinine, on the 
seventh, fourteenth, twenty-first and twenty-eighth days, after the last 
paroxysm. 

11 



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©limtal Pwfatimw, 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 

Clinical Experience with High Potencies of the New Bexnedies. 

BT S. M. HALE, M. D. 



Many of our school have looked with douht and distrust on 
the pathogeneses of, and the clinical experience with, the new 
remedies. 

It is an established tenet of our school, that a remedy, to prove 
curative in the high potencies must be accurately affiliated ; i. e. 
it must be capable of causing symptoms bearing a marked sim- 
ilarity to the disease for which it is prescribed. 

With the lower potencies and crude doses cures may be made 
when the symptoms do not so closely correspond. 

It is the object of this paper to record some of the most 
notable reports of cures with the high potencies of certain rem- 
edies not hitherto much used except in material doseB. 

JEscuLUS hip. 80 th, has repeatedly cured obstinate haemor- 
rhoids in the practice of several of my colleagues. 

Arum tbi, 80 th and 200 th has been found useful in scarla- 
tina and sore throat. (Dr. Lippe*) 

Asclbpias tub. 80 th. With a few doses I removed a severe 
stitching pain in the right side, just above the upper edge of 
the liver, with cough, hot but moist skin, and much thirst. 

Baptisia 80 th removed the symptoms in three cases of sore 
throat. The symptoms were — 

* Fullness and heaviness in the head, which felt sore on every 
movement. 

€ Sensation of fullness in throat and posterior nares. 

4 (Edematous swelling of uvula, soft palate, etc. 

' No 8orene88 felt in the throat, but a dry, scraping, itching 
sensation in and around the palate, behind the uvula. 

' Tongue seemed to be covered with thin skin, under which 
appeared to be a delicate infiltration of serum. (One case.) 

• New Re medi e s page 06. 



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HIGH POTENCIES OP THE NEW KEMEDIES. 12S 

These cases are reported by Dr. H. N. Martin*. Only one 
dose was given in each case, and the recovery was rapid. Dr. 
M. considers these symptoms "characteristic," especially the 
swelling without soreness. These cases verify the truthfulness of 
the provings of Baptisia. 

Chimaphila 80 th. I am giving this to a young lady who 
has a dwindling of one mammary gland ; the other is plump . 
and firm. After taking it two weeks, she thinks the atrophy 
does not go on as fast as before, (See New Remedies, page 
1083.) 

Cimicifuga 80 th has proved effectual in several cases of 
headache, neuralgia of the eyes, and spinal pains. 

Gelseminum 80 th, 200 th and 1000 th, is being used success- 
fully by many of our school. The 80 th, in the hands of Dr. 
Ring* relieved a patient subject to nervous headache, of — 

' A discomfort in the upper third of the cerebrum, or around 
the vertex/ 

'A constant tendency to drooping of the upper eyelids, 
although he is not drowsy/ 

1 A sensation extending from top of the head down to the 
forehead, as though he must suffer the upper lids to fall/ 

'He falls asleep soon after going to bed, but awakes between 
2 and 4 a. m., and lies awake an hour or longer/ 

1 Mental exertion increased the discomfort in the head.' 
The 30th relieved a case with the following symptoms : 
' Sleeplessness after reading in the evening, or after being out 
in company/ 

' Painful or pleasant news, a fright, or anything startling, 
causes a disposition, for a day or two, to frequent and rather 
copious discharges of clear urine/ 

This patient's mother has diarrhoea from similar causes. In 
some persons fright or emotions of a certain kind cause diar- 
rhoea, in others, enuresis. 

Samamelis 80 th. I have been informed by several physi- 
cians that they have used this remedy in the 80 th dil., with 
prompt curative results in haemorrhoids, varicoses, and haemor- 
rhages. 



* Ohio Medioal and Surgical Reporter, toI. I, p. 144. 
tlfaid., p.UL 



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12b HIGH POTENCIES OF THE NEW REMEDIES. 

Hydrastis 80 th, I have used a few times for the symptoms 
of the mouth and throat recorded by Dr. Nichol in his proving, 
l?he symptoms disappeared soon after the administration of the 
first dose. 

Phytolacca 80 th, in the practice of Dr. Stearns and some 
others, has been useful in cases of diphtheritic disease of the 
throat. Di. Mercer used the 30 th successfully in a case 
of syphilis.* Dr. Merrill uses the 12 th successfully in difficult 
dentition of children, when they il bite the ^teeth strongly 
together." 

Podophyllum 200 th has been used by Dr. Bellf in cases of 
incipient cerebral affection in children when there was " rolling 
of the head, with grinding of the teeth." 

Pulsatilla Nutt. 80 th has lately been used successfully by 
Dr. Wesselhoeft % in cases of tea-drinkers who complain of a 
weakness or " goneness " in the epigastric region. 

Sarracenia 80 th has been used with brilliant results in 
cases of phthisis caused by repercussed eruptions. (See trans- 
lations from the French, in this journal.) 

I need not mention the successful use of the high potencies 
of Cactus, Oistus, Rumex, Sanguinaria and Lachnanthes, for 
the profession is already familiar with the gratifying results. 

In closing this brief compilation, I cannot forbear soliciting 
all members of our school to procure and test in practice the 
higher potencies of the new remedies, remembering to follow 
to rules in the selection of the 80 th, or higher potency. 

(1) See that the symptoms of the disease resemble the pri- 
mary symptoms of the drug. 

(2) See that the symptom or symptoms bear a close or marked 
similarity to those of the drug. 

*Hahnemannian Monthly, vol. I, page 418. 

t Ibid.,_p. 181. 

t New England Medical Gasette, vol. II, page 17a 



Amenorrhea. — Dr. M. McCollum reports a cure, in a young 
lady of 18, by a single dose of Pulsatilla 200 . 



Black stools, fever, with hot sweat, white tongue and. severe 
headache — characteristics of Iris versicolor. 



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TFor the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
INTERMITTENT FEVER. 



Discussion held before the Indiana Institute of Hom&opathy, at 
Indianapolis, Nov, 6, 1867. 



Dr. Eggert : The treatment of these fevers has been, up to the 
present day, a stumbling-block to many physicians, and I think every 
thing that may lead us to obtain a more certain result, should be 
welcome to the profession. Hence the value of personal experience, 
if properly arranged, cannot be overrated, and every treatment, if 
well conducted, will teach a lesson to all of us. Like, in the treat- 
ment of individual cases, we have to individualize. Epidemics, 
also. Thus, we may find, in one year, certain remedies principally 
indicated, for which we may find, perhaps, in the following year, no 
indication at all. I prescribed, last year, mostly Chininum sulph., 
Eupatorium perf., and Arsenicum. This year I hardly ever had any 
occasion to use either of them. Natrum muriaticum or Pulsatilla, in 
some cases Phosphoric acid, have done all that could be desired. 
Again, another observation has forced acknowledgment from me. 
When I had to prescribe, last year, mostly the lower dilutions, to 
oombat successfully, I succeed this year, most invariably, with the 
higher dilutions, and here I prescribe generally the 200th. In regard 
to the true nature of this observation I am still somewhat uncertain ; 
perhaps if I had tried the higher dilutions in former years more per- 
sistently, and if I had bestowed the care of to-day to each indi. 
vidual case, I might have been as successful with the higher prepa- 
rations then as now. Time will show. The characteristics of each 
of these remedies are too well known to be repeated here, and as I 
do not intend to occupy too much of our time, I will, in conclusion, 
direct your attention to a remedy, hitherto, as far as I know, unknown 
to be a fever remedy. 

When traveling, last year, through Illinois, Minnesota and Wiscon- 
sin, I visited a relative of mine, stopping for some time at his resi- 
dence. Report came to my ear that he had the best remedy for fever 
in the country, and that he, again and again, had cured fever which 
had resisted all kinds of treatment, homoeopathic, allopathic, or eclec- 
tic. My curiosity became naturally at once excited, and to know 
what this wonderful agent was, became the object of my speculations. 
In one teaspoonful of Cubeba, dissolved in an ounce of whisky, con. 
sisted the whole secret. Take the whole at once, just when you feel 
the chill coming on, and it rarely ever will fail, provided you mark 



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126 INTERMITTENT FEVER. 

tho following indication: For the sake of brevity I refer here to the 
translation of Dr. L. T. Houat from the Dispensaire Hahnemann, as 
found in Hahnemannian Monthly, vol. II, page 213. Read, the symp- 
toms under head, face, ear stomach and hypochondrium, stool, urinary 
organs, skin, extremeties, etc., and surely you will he able to paint 
the most complete picture of the worst case of chronic intermittent, 
and to these, and only these cases, the Cubebs have proven to be a 
remedy par excellence. I, as well as my friend Dr. Burnham, have 
tried it again and again, with the utmost satisfaction. But there 
remains one strange fact to be mentioned. If we can trace, in the 
proving of Cubeba, most all the symptoms of chronio ague, we never 
meet a symptom of the chill itself; all that is said about it we find 
in symptom No. 300 : heat, with cold shivering, with partial perspi- 
ration. I hesitated, therefore, for some time, to consider the remedy 
homoeopathic to the cases in question ; still, after some reflection, I 
remembered that a remedy needed not to cover all the symptoms of 
a given case to stand in a homoeopathic relation to it; if the majority 
of them, or even sometimes only a few characteristics respond to 
the case, we need not fear to sin against the law similia similibus. 

But here is still another point to which I may call your attention. 
I refer to the dose. On this account only I have hesitated so long to 
mention my experience publicly. I know I am somewhat in the 
repute of being an adherent to high potencies, as well as to the single 
remedy. I confess it is my aim to adopt these principles more and 
more, for the more I learn to apply them properly, the more success- 
ful I am. Failures don't discourage me, for I find that by such occur- 
rences the fault was more my own than that of the remedy. I did 
not hit the case with the right remedy. Using, then, high potencies 
and the single remedy mostly, I occasionally find myself obliged to 
use the lower ones also, even to alternate. You see the artist is yet 
far from being sufficiently skilled. The thought, the very idea, to 
prescribe the Piper Cubeba in a teaspoon dose, mixed with an ounce 
of whisky, was so repugnant to my feelings that I at once tried to 
modify the prescription. I triturated the crude, gave it, but with 
little satisfaction. I prepared dilutions from the Oleum Cubeba, but 
only to return to the original prescription. Here the matter stands, 
but it shall not rest forever. I soon will be able to apply the higher 
and highest attenuations, and perhaps at our next meeting I shall be 
able to report the result. 

Once more and I have done. Also convinced that the Cubeba 
was homoeopathic to a majority of cases of ohronio intermittent*, par- 



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INTERMITTENT FEVER, 1$7 

ticularly when China sulph. had been largely used, in spite of our 
proving, in which the chill is not mentioned at all, aod in spite, also, 
of the enormous dose, one or another may still doubt its rationality 
and consider it more a suppression than a cure of ague. To those I 
have only a few words to say. I have always observed, and have 
heard it mentioned again and again, that when the remedy had con- 
trolled the chill and cut it off, my patient felt like an altered man ; 
his every feature, his movements, his mental faculties, his skin, in fact 
everything, showed clearly that a great revolution to the better had 
taken place ; and this fact we never observed when an intermittent, 
he it acute or chronic, had been suppressed by China and not cured. 
And now, gentlemen, I request you to try the experiment, and to 
inform us of the result. 

Dr. Boyd had practiced in malarious regions for the past twenty- 
two years, and found that Quinine, or some preparation of Cinchona 
hark, met the cases oftener than anything else. He has been in the 
habit of using a pill composed of the pure extract of Cinchona 
and Ipecacuanha ; half a grain of the former to one-fourth grain of 
the latter. This pill being sugar-coated, he found very useful with 
the soldiers during the war, and has had them manufactured in large 
quantities, and had supplied several physicians, of different schools, 
with the pills, who all speak highly of them. In this disease he had 
also used Arsenicum, and in some cases Nux v., with good success. 

Dr. Eggert wished to know if there was any proving of Quinine 
and Ipecac, in combination, and if not, was it homoeopathic ? 

Dr. Boyd had not a proving of both these remedies in combination, 
hut he found them both indicated in the same disease, and although 
some may call in question the strictly homoeopathic nature of the 
remedies, he had been invariably successful with them, and saw no 
reason, if two remedies are indicated in the same disease, at the 
same time (as the irritability of the stomach in fever and ague) in 
place of using the remedies alternately, at short intervals, why not 
use them in combination 1 and he wished to know if Dr. Eggert had 
any proving of Cubeba that led him to adopt it as a remedy in this 
disease, but rather had he not been led to its use by being told of its 
effect by his friend in Illinois. 

Dr. Eggert said that there was a proving of Cubeba, as he had 
distinctly stated on the opening of this discussion, and that this prov- 
ing showed clearly the similarity between the drug and the disorder 
or disease. If Dr. Boyd had such a proving of Quinine and Ipecac, 
in combination, he should not contend about it. Dr. Boyd can 



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1S8 INTERMITTENT FEVER. 

see no difference in giving remedies alternately or combined. We 
must suspect that he is not very conversant with the laws of chemis- 
try. Aside from this, he thinks he had plainly enough pointed out to 
which cases of intermittent Cubeba is adaptable ; but if Dr. Boyd 
would try this remedy as empirically as he had Quinia and Ipecac, he 
would probably throw it aside as useless. He studied each case well 
before he made the prescription. 

Dr. Roberts succeeded best with Quinia and Ipecac,; in a major- 
ity of cases both seemed to be indicated. 

Dr. Stockham said that intermittent fever is not a specific disease. 
It has many different causes, therefore every case must be studied in 
its own individuality and treated accordingly. What is commonly 
called " chills and fever," or " marsh ague," is not identical with 
intermittent fever. The former is only met with in miasmatic 
regions ; he uses Quinine in these cases. The latter is met with 
everywhere, in cities as well as in the country ; and is caused by 
violation of physiological laws, as improper or unwholesome food, 
over-eating, eating too much animal food, sleeping in unventilated 
rooms, or indeed any causes that tend to depress vital action, or over- 
tax the digestive powers. It is more prevalent in Autumn, because 
during Summer, from the above causes, the system is gorged with 
effete carbonaceous matter ; but so long as free perspiration is going 
on, the different organs of the body are enabled to perform their func- 
tions normally ; but when the cool weather of Autumn comes on, the 
perspiration measurably ceases, the pores of the skin are contracted, 
the effete matter is not thrown off so freely, extra labor is then 
imposed upon the liver, bowels and kidneys, which they are not able 
to perform, hence congestions, intermittent fevers, or other kindred 
diseases. He considers all chills, resulting from these causes, as 
more or less congestive. Those called " congestive " only differing in 
degree from ordinary chills in intermittent fevers. During the chill 
there is generally a disposition to emesis, in which case he generally 
gives Tart, ant., 1st or 2d trit., in water, tablespoonful doses, fre- 
quently repeated, with copious draughts of water as hot as can be 
drank, until emesis takes place or stomach is settled. He then gives 
Merc, dulc, Podophyllin, Leptandrin, Arsenicum or Nux, as the pro- 
gress of the case seems to demand. He continues this treatment as 
long as he thinks necessary ; seldom longer than a week. In ordinary 
cases the chills cease before that time. He" seldom uses Quinine. 
If the chills are of a typhoid character (which is more often the case 
than is generally supposed) neither this treatment or any other will 



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INTERMITTENT FEVER. 129 

• 
cure or permanently break them up. The disease must run its course. 

It will, however, alleviate, and render the latter stages of the disease 
more tractable. He then uses the higher attenuations of such reme- 
dies as seem to to be indicated. 

Dr. Burnham has treated intermittent fever more or less the past 
fifteen years, and used remedies in all forms, from the crude drug to 
the high attenuations. Confirmed the statements of Dr. Eggert in the 
use of Piper Cubeba, but had succeeded with it only in long-standing 
cases that had taken much Quinine, where the liver and spleen were 
swollen and very tender to the touch ; also swelling of the abdomen, 
with hardness ; colic and cutting pains in the hypogastric region, with 
flatulence ; weakness in the kidneys and loins, attended with dragging 
pain and general prostration. In such cases the effects were very 
prompt and satisfactory. To illustrate : A man called on me, who 
stated that he had been having intermittent fever almost constantly 
for two years ; contracted in Florida. Had taken, to use his expres- 
sion, " my store full " of Quinine, Calomel and their various combi- 
nations, with no permanent benefit. The case presented most of the 
symptoms detailed, and I gave him one dose of the Piper Cubeba and 
in two days' time he resumed his business, and has not had a recur- 
rence since, now several months. I have prescribed the oil and tritu- 
ration, but with less satisfactory results. For the past two years had 
been studying my cases closely, and depended more on the high 
potencies, and have had more permanent and satisfactory results, when 
the remedy was well chosen ; whereas, in the use of the crude drug, 
or low potencies, the fever was much more apt to return. As cases 
fairly reported from clinical experience is what we want, perhaps it 
will not be amiss to detail some in point. 

During the month of August last a messenger came for me to visit 
a man whom he said was in a " sinking chill." My patient was a man 
of sixty years, rather fleshy, and of naturally robust constitution. 
This was the third paroxysm, which commenced about 10 a. m. The 
symptoms clearly indicated to me that Natrura muriaticum was the 
remedy, and I gave him a few pellets of the 30th potency, dry, on the 
tongue. At the expiration of half an hour he had so improved that I 
dissolved some pills in a half glass of water, and ordered a spoonful 
every two hours. He had no more chills and made a rapid recovery. 

Since treated a lady, who contracted the fever in southern Illinois, 
and has had it more of less for a year. Taken the usual allopath io 
medicine, with no relief. Tertian type, recurring in the morning. 
Dirty, sallow complexion ; bursting headache ; blisters, like pearls, 



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ISO INTERMITTENT FEVER. 

on the lips ; intense thirst, &c. Gave Natruth muriaticttm 80 , a dose 
every four hours for two days ; but slight indications occurring at the 
UBual time, gave it only morning and evening. At the expiration of 
ten days was quite well, with the exception of numbness of the left 
side, with which she had been affected for a long time. Prescribed 
Lachesis l2 , one dose every night and morning. Reported entirely 
relieved in two days, and has been improving very rapidly in every 
respect. 

Have had very satisfactory results from Lachesis, with the 12th, 
80th, and 200th potencies, in cases that have taken Quinine, and 
where the paroxysms occur spring and fall. I have succeeded in 
some cases of fever of the most severe type, where Quinine had been 
taken with only temporary relief, by giving Lachesis 3 ° and Pulsa- 
tilla 30 , in alter nation, when neither remedy would cure the case 
given alone. 

Acting upon the suggestion of Dr. Hering, when I find three very 
prominent or characteristic indications for a remedy, and give it, I 
have seldom been disappointed. 

Dr. Boyd believed in the individuality of disease. Chill and fever, 
intermittent fever, and congestive chill, were the same disease, from 
the same cause, and would require the same treatment, whether the 
chili came on in the morning, at mid-day, or in the e^ning ; these 
different times of the day had little to do with the treatment ; so 
also with the accidental symptoms produced by some idiosyncrasy of 
the patient. He sometimes gave an emetic of tepid water, to relieve 
the stomach, if it was indicated. He had not seen any good effects 
from the higher attenuations, in this disease, but he had seen patients 
treated by high attenuationists, with chronic gastritis, the hair falling 
from the head and eyebrows, etc., caused by low attenuations of Arse- 
nicum and other accumulative medicines. 

The law of "similia similibus curantur" was the guide in the 
selection of the remedy, but we should depend upon the peculiar 
pathognomonic symptoms in each case. What we want is rational 
homoeopathy. The books are filled with symptoms by drug-provers 
that have no relation at all to the disease, and thus the mind of the 
student or young practitioner is confused but not instructed. 

Imagine a physician, by the bedside of a patient suffering with 
intermittent fever, inquiring, " have you had itchings of the right ear, 
or flatulency, or borborygmus, this afternoon ; or itching of the great 
toe last night ; or yawning at any time during the day," etc. We 
should seek for the pathognomonic or characteristic symptoms of the 



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INTERMITTENT FEVEB. 131 

disease. This tells what the disease is, and then the peculiar, or 
pathogenetic symptoms of the drug. If these correspond, you have 
the means that will cure your patient ; then use just the quantity that 
will produce the cure, and no more. There will he no drug symptoms 
to overcome afterward, like the Irishman, who was " sick for a month 
after he got well." In cases of intermittent fever we may look for 
congestive chills, occurring at any time. Now, shall wo experiment 
with the 20th, 30th, or 200th attenuation of a remedy, that sometimes 
cures, and thus let the patient run the risk of a sinking chill, and 
prabably death. 

Philosophy, humanity, and our responsibility to God, require that 
we should use a remedy whose efficiency has been tested, and is estab- 
lished beyond question. We know that the use of Cinchona is per- 
fectly homoeopathic in the cure of intermittent fever, and it was this 
remedy that first directed Hahnemann to the perfect law of cure. 

Dr. Eggert : Dr. Boyd believes in the individuality of disease, 
but still chill and fever, intermittent fever, and congestive chill, is 
all the same to him. A strange way to individualize indeed. Indi- 
vidual cases require individual remedies, but be applied to them all 
Quinine and Ipecac, and to make the prescription to us a little more 
palpable, he uses a little of Arsen. and Nux v., occasionally. Surely, 
if we had not assembled here under the pretension of being homoeo- 
pathic physicians, our brethren on the other side would not fail, after 
all that has been said, to receive us with open arms. Allopathic phy- 
sicians could not well object to arguments like those of Drs. Boyd 
and Stockham, although they would not find in their way anything 
new nor original in them, for prescription and description are very 
old. Dr. Boyd, also, does not believe in the importance of subjective 
symptoms, they are all accidental to him ; but the pathological symp- 
toms are his only guide. I do not think that so bold and sweeping 
an assertion has ever been heard in any homoeopathic association. 
And what does the Dr. know in reality and for certain about this 
pathological condition of intermittent fever ? Dr. Boyd and Dr. 
Stockham argue very much in the same way, but still the former finds 
chill and fever, intermittent fever, and congestive chill, all the same, 
whereas the latter asserts that chill and fever and intermittent fever 
differ from each other. Accordingly, then, the former uses Quinine 
and Ipecac, mostly, the latter uses Quinine hardly ever, A glorious 
confusion. It could not be better represented in any allopathic body 
of medical men. If I understand the practice of our noble art prop- 
erly, it is this : If we have a case before us, let us ascertain, with all 



I 



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182 INTERMITTENT FEVER. 

possible skill and with all the science at our command, the pathologi- 
cal condition of the same ; and if such condition can be ascertained 
to certainty ; if hypothesis, speculation, fancy and illusion, are thrown 
aside ; if it stands before us a living fact; then, and only then, let us 
take its symptoms, together with its subjective symptoms, and select 
the remedy. But if that condition cannot be ascertained, if it re- 
mains doubtful, then, I say, the subjective symptoms should be our 
only guide, and nothing else. Thus it is that skilled practitioners of 
our school, although they may differ in regard to the pathology of a 
given case, still they will almost invariably find the same remedy 
indicated. Such is, if I am not mistaken, the true homoeopathic law. 
Here the relation between the disease and the remedy can be traced 
and established first scientifically, and, I have no doubt, practically 
also. The dose, of course, will have a great deal to do with it, also ; 
but as that question is to-day still an open one, I shall say nothing 
more about it. And against this mode of cure, so pregnant with 
science, philosophy and logic, our friend calls philosophy, humanity, 
and our responsibility towards God, in requisition, to uphold his em- 
piricism. I pray to God to save me and all of us from his theory and 
practice. 

Dr. Parker thought that what we wanted was practical experience. 
Theories were good only when they led to good practical results. He 
had found that the disease yielded to one class of remedies at one 
time of the year, and to another class at a different time. 

When practicing in the South, many years ago, he had met with a 
Doctor Davis, an experienced homoeopathic physician of New Orleans, 
who was very successful in treating this disease. He used Quinia 
and Ipecac, in a pill, in combination, and had no trouble in controlling 
the malady. He (Dr. P.) had used the same remedy, and could bear 
testimony to its efficiency. Dr. P. had used Arsenicum, from the 
higher attenuations down to drop doses of the aqueous solution, with 
good success. In some cases worms seemed to be the exciting cause, 
he then used Santonine, and this readily cured the patient. He thought 
that impure gasses had much to do in causing this disease, and men- 
tioned carbonic acid gas as one cause. 

Dr. Boyd said that his remarks would not bear the construction 
put upon them by Dr. Eggert, for he had not recommended a pill com- 
posed of Quinine, Ipecac, Arsenicum, Nux v., and Nitric acid, but 
he had stated that he sometimes used these remedies when indicated ; 
but he had found Quinine, or some preparation of Peruvian bark and 
Ipecac, qftener indicated than other remedies, and for convenience to 



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INTERMITTENT FEVER. 188 

the soldiers during the past war, he had combined these remedies in 
a pill, and found them oftener answer than anything else. 

Also he had said that the time of the day on which the chill came 
on had little to do in the selection of the remedy. All physicians of 
experience know that this disease is sometimes cured spontaneously 
by the unaided efforts of the vis medicatrix natura. Now suppose 
some Doctor " that knows it all," had, on the day previous, given the 
200th potency of Natrum mur. f and the disease stopped ; he would 
exclaim, " See the evidence of the truth of my position !" 

So when the paroxysm comes on either earlier or later in the day, 
it does not indicate another remedy, or that it is a different disease ; 
but that in the one case it is the period of invasion, and in the other, 
of cessation ; and in the latter case no remedy is required, for if let 
alone it will leave the patient. In regard to the higher potencies in 
this disease he had said that he had not been successful with them, 
but he had seen these oases treated by high attenuations cured with 
decidedly low attenuations of heroic remedies. 

As to the remarks about empiricism, that is the old school 
hole into which all run when defeated, and is not worth notice. 

There are men, and physicians too, who think that they are the 
people, and " wisdom will die with them/' and nothing in this country 
is equal to Europe. If they happen to land in New Orleans during 
the prevalence of yellow fever, fresh from the old country, they know 
better how to treat it, even if they have never seen a case, than those 
who have been educated in the midst of the disease. So, if they 
have been but a year or so in a malarious climate, they know more 
about it than those who have spent a quarter of a century combating 
the disease, and all are empirics that do not believe as they do. 

If we are converted over to the higher potencies, it must be by men 
in whose honesty and intelligence there is no question, and not by 
the transcendentalism of Europe, or by drug provors who are mono- 
maniacs, or dishonest, or who overlook the prominent symptoms caused 
by the drug and report accidental symptoms that are of no practical 
value. But as to the size of dose of cubebs that Dr. Eggert uses, 
surely no physician of the most heroic old school would object. 



Wholesale Salivation. — At the Walton-le-Dale workhouse, near 
Preston, England, eighty boys were recently salivated from the appli- 
cation of Mercurial ointment to their heads. One died. Forty were 
confined to bed. 



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lSj. PHOSPHATE OF SODA IN CERTAIN DISEASES. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
DROPSY AND PORRIGO. 

BY M. B. LT7KEN8, M. D. 



George P , age about 60. Disease, dropsy and porrigo. 

History: Some ten or fifteen years previously the disease 
began, probably from dissipated habits. He had tried every- 
thing he could hear of. All the Drs. in the country had an 
opportunity to try their skill. The patent-medicine and 
qnack nostrum vender found him a good customer. Still he 
never realized any benefit. When I first saw him his scalp 
was covered all over with a thick crust, white with a red base. 
He had patches, about the size of a man's hand, on each shin, 
each cal£ and on the nates. The crust resembled the skin of 
a white-fish, and about as scaly. He was also oedematous. 

Treatment : Apocynum can. and Iris ver. He is not entirely 
well, yet, but health improved very materially. Dropsy gone, 
and a great change for the better in his skin and general health. 

The Iris ver. has never failed me yet in cutaneous diseases, 
to which many can testify. 

I can speak very favorably, from experience, of many others 
of the newly-proved remedies. 



TFor the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 

Phosphate of Soda in Certain Diseases of Children. 

BT B. M. HALE, If. D. 



Dr. Stephenson, in the " Edinburg Medical Journal," 1868, 
says that he has found that if a few grains (" a pinch,") of Phos- 
phate of Soda if* added to each bottle of the milk, in children 
artificially reared, it will promptly cure the following symptoms : 
"Constipation, having only one motion each day, copious 
but dry and white, exactly like coarse white chalk and curdled 
milk." In nearly all cases the first point noticed was that soon 
after its administration the color of the stools became normal 
(yellow). In several cases of jaundice in children, he used the 
remedy very successfully. The symptoms were : " Skin yellow, 
stools white, clayey or watery ; pain in the bowels, vomiting, 
great thirst, urine high-colored — staining everything it touched, 
undigested food in stool." From these symptoms we should 
judge the remedy acted promptly and curatively on the liver. 
If so, it is much preferable to Mercurius, Podophyllin, Leptan- 
drin, etc., for it may be mixed with the food. It flavors food 
to imitate common salt. From -fa to 10 grains is a dose. 

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utgital feyattmitth 



BUSHBOD "W. JAMES, M. D., Philadelphia, Editor. 



Aneurism Curable Without Ligation of the Artery. 



"Wherever surgical cases, upon which the knife has 
always been used to afford relief, can be permanently and 
safely cured without resorting thereto, I am always willing to 
accord to it the merited praise of a valuable surgical improve- 
ment. The obliteration of external aneurism by causing a 
clot to form in the sac is one of the great improvements in 
surgery of modern times. It can be brought about in many 
instances by compression alone, while in others the injection of 
some substance that causes rapid coagulation of the blood is 
necessary. 

One mode of causing a solidification of the blood that enters 
the aneurismal sac is by partial pressure on the artery on the 
cardiac side of the tumor, and thus allowing of but a feeble 
flow of blood into the sac until it gradually becomes filled with 
fibrine. This process is a slow one, requiring days, or even 
months. Another method, is by suddenly arresting the flow of 
blood into the aneurism and then preventing all movement of 
blood therein until a clot forms and fills the enlargement with 
a solid mass, after which, absorption takes place gradually and 
the case is thus cured. The patient may be etherized or not, 
as the operator may think best ; but when the complete pres- 
sure, both proximal and distal, is commenced, it must not be 
removed until the clot is fully formed, or you will fail ; the flow 
of blood must be as completely arrested as if the artery had 
been ligated. This plan has succeeded in forming clots in . 
twenty minutes, while in other cases, where the tourniquet had 
been kept on for four and ten hours, without solidification of 
the tumor being felt, subsequent efforts produced the desired 
result of coagulation in less than one hour. In some cases, 

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136 EPISTAXIS, ETC. 

especially in the large arteries, faint motion may for a little 
while be noticed afterwards, it being due to the impulse from 
the throbbing artery against the now solid contents of the sac. 

The mode by injection, of the sesquichloride of iron, or of 
styptic colloid, or other coagulating liquids, into the aneurismal 
sac, while the flow of blood is temporarily arrested in the 
affected artery, may be practiced upon aneurisms about the 
head, or extremities, where they are some distance removed from 
the heart. But more than a single injection, however, may be 
necessary. In these parts, the last-mentioned proceeding will 
generally succeed. If it does not, the other methods that I 
have mentioned above can then be tried. 

Should repeated efforts of these vaiious forms of treatment 
fail, resort can still be had to the knife, but no conscientious 
surgeon would now think of using the latter before he had tried 
these simple and easily-applied methods. 



Epistaxis. — Where bleeding from the nose is very profuse, 
and obstinate in being arrested by the ordinary homoeopathic 
remedies, and plugging of the nares seems absolutely demanded, 
an effort should first be made to stop the flow of blood by 
syringing freely up the affected nostril or nostrils, MonseFs solu- 
tion, or styptic colloid, or dilute* nitric acid. This mode will 
generally succeed without the plugging. 



Enlarged Testicle. — The late M. Velpeau, of Paris, was 
accustomed to treat swelled testicle by puncturing it with a 
lancet, and considered that he thereby shortened the duration 
of the disease by about five days, the pain being relieved at 
once after the operation. We have used Pulsatilla^ in a low 
potency, internally, with invariable success, in acute enlarge- 
ment of the testes, with a speedy cure. Chronic indurations 
from gonorrhoeal poisoning take a longer time, but are relieved 
by the Bame drug with as much certainty as in the acute form. 



Deaths from capital operations, during ten years, at 
Pennsylvania General Hospital, 55 in 228 cases. 

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Importance of Respiratory Action and the Poise to Operators. 

The value of examining the heart before administering an 
anaesthetic to patients about undergoing a surgical operation, is 
well known to physicians as well as surgeons, but the relative 
rapidity or slowness of respiration, in conjunction with the pul- 
sations of the heart, receives but little attention. Mr. James 
Paget lays down a very good rule with regard to the matter 
which I will quote from the January No. of Braithwaite's Ret- 
rospect : " People with slow pulses bear operations just as well 
as those who, in all other respects than that of their heart's 
action, are like them. And people with habitually rapid 
pulses are not bad patients, if the rapidity of the pulse be not 
associated with some organic disease. Especially you will find 
a considerable number of children and young persons, chiefly 
sensitive girls, whose pulses are rapid enough to frighten you. 
Observe whether the respirations are in the same proportion 
rapid ; if they are not, the respirations and not the pulse must 
be your guide in judging what is the patient's state. 

"Many a time I have pointed out to you a pulse beating 120 
or 140 times in a minute, and said that it meant no mischief, 
because the respirations were not more than 20 or 25. 

"And there is a set of cases in which you must always apply 
this rule of checking the indications of the pulse with those of 
the breathing; namely, cases of haemorrhage. After large 
bleedings, when the patient recovers from their immediate 
effects, the pulse is usually hastened, and the breathing is 
retarded ; so that with a pulse of 120 or more there may be 
not more than 10 respirations in the minute. 

41 Mere irregularity of tj^ pulse, if it be habitual, and r not 
connected with valvular disease or degeneration of the heart, 
does not, so far as I know, affect, the chances of recovery from 
operations. If the structure of the heart, as well as its func- 
tions, be disordered, you may judge according to such rules as 
I have just stated." 



A physician of Cincinnati uses successfully powdered 
Lycopodium, with a common powder-puff, to prevent pitting 
in small-pox. 
12 



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$imm uf Pomm at& ©jriltam 



Piof. THOMAS NIOHOL, Editor, 



DEPARTMENT OF DISEASES OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN. 



In assuming, by request of my friend Dr. Lodge, the charge 
of this important departmental desire to write a few introductory 
lines. I had intended writing a regular introductory, similar 
to that from the pen of my class-mate, Bushrod W. James, M. 
D., which appeared in the January number, bnt]I have been 
prevented by the following circumstance: Towards the close 
of 1867 I made four provings of Ptelea trifoliata, for the tal- 
ented editor of the Materia Medica Department, and these 
provings, especially the last, have produced such prostrating 
effects that I feel myself unequal to the task. 

I would, therefore, merely state, that in assuming this respon- 
sibility I am determined to devote to it all my energies and a 
considerable portion of ray time. The department is one of 
vast and increasing interest, for physicians of our school have 
under their professional care a much larger number of such 
patients than falls to the lot of physicians of other schools. 
And our success in the past is but a foreshadowing of what will 
be our portion in the future, if we are zealous, studious and 
faithful to the law of cure enunciated by our Great Master. 

T*N. 



A NEW PESSABY.*; 

ST X. S. BXTTTL1S, M. D., 

Adjunct to Chair of Obstetric*, and Preliminary Lecturer an Gynecology, in University Medical 
^ w College, New York. ^ 

In the Medical Record of August, 1867, mention is made of 
a pessary exhibited by me at a meeting of the East River 
Medical Association. 

Since then I have been so frequently interrogated by mem- 
bers of the profession (some having very erroneous and almost 

•ICtdiwl B«oord. 



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A NEW PESSAEY. 189 

ludicrous ideas) in regard to its use, that I have thought it best 
to make known, in a few word, some of the advantages of this 
instrument, with directions when and how it is to be used. Li 
the first place we wish to state that we do not make the subject 
of pessaries our hobby, and ride it to death ; but that they are 
sometimes of use, no enlightened physician will pretend to 
deny. 

Eecognizing the principle that the uterus is mainly sup- 
ported by the vagina and muscular tissues of the pelvis, it is 
easy to see why a foreign body introduced into the vagina 
ought to be supported in the same way. The uterus is a cone 
with the apex down ; the contractility of muscular tissue and 
coaptation of the soft parts tend to slide the uterus up in the 
pelvic cavity ; should the base of the cone be placed down, the 
same cause would very soon force the organ into the external 
world. 

It is upon this principle that we have constructed the 
" conical pessary/' It is made of hard rubber, and may be 
bent to any curve by simply oiling and passing through a flame 
until it becomes softened. 




Fio. L Fig. 2. Fio. S. 

The accompanying cuts will convey an idea of its shape 
better than I can explain. Figure 1 represents a front view, 
while figure 2 shows its relation to the uterus in cases of pro- 
lapsus, retroversion, and retroflexion, the base being in the 
posterior vaginal cul-de-sae. In cases of anterior displacements 
the base oft the instrument should be placed anterior to the 
cervix uteri, and in all cases the apex should float loosely in 

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lJfi A NEW PESBABY. 

the vagina (sometimes being visible at the vulva) so as to par- 
ticipate in the downward movement of the uterus when the 
patient coughs or strains. 

It is a great mistake to attempt to support the uterus by a 
dead pressure, especially if there exists the least inflammation 
or irritability of the organ. There is nothing like nature's 
support — the soft parts. 

"VYe have been informed of a case where the instrument was 
introduced with benefit by placing the apex in the posterior 
cul-de~9aci and the base against the inner surface of the ascend- 
ing rami of the pubes. This was done by a very highly-edu- 
cated physician oi this city, who has attained considerable 
eminence as a gynaecologist, and one for whose judgment we 
have the most profound respect 

If the instrument is introduced in this w$y it does not act 
on the principle upon which it was constructed, and falls short 
of what is designed. 

What we claim for this pessary is, that it brings into play 
the natural supports of the utferus, and can be worn by the 
patient when other instruments cannot ; that it is more effec- 
tual in keeping the organ in situ; that where congestion and 
irritability exist as the result of displacements, it is not always 
necessary to treat the uterus before introducing it, and removing 
the cause. 

It may be used with great benefit in the anterior displace- 
ments ; but experience shows that it is more effectual in cases 
of prolapsus, and eminently so in posterior displacements. 

In justice to our friend, Dr. James E. Steel, we will state, 
that while conversing with him, some two years ago, we gained 
an idea which contributed in a measure to the result of this 
invention. 



An article on Displacements of the Womb, by C. A. Wil- 
liams, 1L D., has been recived ; also a paper on the Value of 
the Pessary, by Prof. Hale. These, with other ^interesting 
articles belonging to this department, will appear shortly. 



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JJpMujjtj aito ||riucipte nf $$ititmt. 



PBOF. H. P. GATCHELL, Bditob. 



Gleanings from Sydenham Society Beports fof 1867. 



BLOOD CORPUSCLE8. 

Ofsiannikoff contends for the existence of an investing mem- 
brane to the red corpuscles, on account of his having observed 
the formation of crystals within the corpuscles, in man and other 
animals. Rollett and Schultze, on the other hand, are led, by 
their observations, to deny its existence ; the former chiefly be- 
cause the effects of the passage of electricity through the defibri- 
nated blood of the frog, the corpuscles assuming a variety of 
forms, allowing the escape of their nuclei, and ultimately coales- 
cing to form N viscid masses of considerable size. The latter, on 
account of the changes which he had noticed in the corpuscles 
of the blood, and examined microscopically, at the normal 
temperature of the body. The white corpuscles exhibited the 
most lively and vigorous movements, not only of form, but of 
location, processes being thrown put in all directions ; and as in 
the case of amcebiform cells, being frequently followed up by the 
entire corpuscle, whilst, in many instances, a still more striking 
resemblance to these cells was afforded by absorption into their 
interior of various coloring matters and minute granules. 

As regards the red corpuscles, although Sfchultze was never 
able to perceive any change of place, such alterations in their 
form were observed as were, in his opinion, incompatible with 
the presence of a proper cell-wall. 

E. Neumann gives an undecided opinion ; for while the 
effects produced by electricity incline him to deny the existence 
of the cell-wall, other experiments incline him to admit it. He 
observed the corpuscles, under the influence of phosphoric 
acid, to swell up and burst 



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ljfS BLOOD CORPUSCLES. 

[To reason from the corpuscles of the frog to those of man, 
or from the white corpuscles of man to the red, as though they 
are identical, seems to me quite unwarranted. The demonstra- 
tion of a cell-membrane to the red corpuscles of the frog would 
not prove its existence in the red corpuscles of man. Nor 
would it follow, from the existence of a cell-membrane in the 
white corpuscles of man, that the red corpuscles are provided 
with one. I propose, in a future number of the Observer, to 
bring up the history of the blood corpuscle to the present 
time. — G.] 

~ Mantegazza describes an instrument for determining the 
number of red corpuscles in a cubic millimetre of blood ; the 
taillimetre being about ^th of an inch. 

He estimates the average number in a healthy man to be 
*om 5,000,000 to 5,125,000; in a healthy woman, from 
4,120,000 to 4,875,000; in extreme anaemia, from 1,875,000 
to 2,375,000 ; and in a plethoric woman the number was 
5,500,000. 

' Rosy or pallid cheeks, as abundance of other evidence shows, 
furnish no certain indications of the relative amount of cor- 
puscles present. 

MM. Estor and St. Pierre have shown that the venous 
blood returning from an inflamed part often contains twice 
as much oxygen as that on the sound side, and they attribute to 
that circumstance the brighter tint such parts possess. 

[Since arterial blood contains twice as much oxygen as 
venous blood, it merely follows, from the observations of 
Estor and St. Pierre, that the blood passing the inflamed part 
has parted with none of its oxygen. Nor does this seem to be 
difficult of explanation. The state of the inflamed part pre- 
cludes the ordinary nutritive process, and consequently the 
ordinary exchange of carbonic acid for oxygen Hence we 
have, as a tuberculosis, and no doubt from a similar cause, the 
blood in the veins partaking of an arterial character, only in a 
less degree, in tuberculosis than in inflammation. In the latter 
"nutrition is wholly, in the former only partially, sus- 
pended. — G.] 

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LYMPHATIC SYSTEM. ' ljS 

Several observers are quoted as to the origin of the lymphat- 
ics in spaces contained in the connective tisane. 

The question whether the lacteals communicate with the 
alimentary canal by open-mouthed cells is still under discus- 
sion. L. Letzerich thinks that he has distinguished a sphere*, 
pear- or spindle-like body (distinct from the ordinary closed, 
columnar, epithelial cell,) with an open, free extremity. 

ABSORPTION AND DIFFUSION. 

Dr. Bjence Jones and M. Dupr6 state that a few grains of 
chloride of lithia, introduced into the stomach of the guinea- 
pig, when empty, may diffuse itself into all the vascular tex- 
tures, and even into the cartilage of the hip-joints and into the 
aqueous humor ot the eye in fifteen minutes. It appears to 
pass away from the system in about three or four days. 

In man, five or ten grain doses of carbonate of lithia may 
appear in the urine in from five to ten minutes, if given on an 
empty stomach, or in twenty minutes on a full stomach; and 
it may continue to be eliminated for six, seven or eight days. 

Quinia begins to appear in the urine in from ten to twenty 
minutes after ingestion ; in from two to three hours it has 
reached its maximum ; in seventy-two hours not a trace ot it 
can be found. 

Eulenberg found that iodide of potassium, injected subcuta- 
neously into the neck, appeared in the parotidean saliva in 
from one to one and one-half minutes. Evidence of its pres- 
ence could be obtained even after forty-eight hours. 

[No doubt the length of time necessary for the elimination 
of a drug from the system may have much to do with the dura* 
tion of its action ; as the rate of absorption and diffusion 
must necessarily determine the length of the interval elapsing 
between its exhibition and the commencement of action. — G.J 

LUNGS, RESPIRATION, TEMPERATURE. 

Hirschmann decides that the epithelial cells of the capillary 
bronchia are continued into the air vesicles. The epithelium 
consists of tessellated cells. 

The smooth muscular tissue also extends into the terminal 
organs of the respiratory apparatus. 



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144 LUNGS, RESPIRATION, TEMPERATURE. 

. W» Weyrich finds from experiments on himself that the 
temperature of the expired air is decidedly lower than that 
of the axilla ; the temperature of the latter, upon a mean of 
200 observations, being 99.44, whilst that of the expired air 
was only 97.41. 

The temperature of the axilla rose from 6 A. m. to noon, then 
fell slightly till 2 p. M., and again rose to its greatest height at 
7 p. M., after which it gradually fell to same level as at 6 A. m. 
The temperature of the expired air followed similar variations. 
It obtained its maximum, however, earlier in the morning, and 
fell more slowly towards midnight, standing much higher then 
than at 6 A. il 

Alterations in external temperature were followed much 
more quickly and distinctly by variations in the temperature of 
the expired air than in that of the axilla. The former also 
rose more quickly after food. 

Weyrich estimated the insensible perspiration, per diem, of 
a mto weighing 125 lbs. to be, for the lungs, about two lbs. 
avoir., and for the skin, about two-thirds as much. 

Tscheschichin derives the following conclusions from his 
experiments: 

1. The spinal cord operates directly on the organic chemis- 
try, and consequently on the animal heat. 

2. Section of the spinal cordis followed by retarded circu- 
lation and congestion of the venous system ; the radiation of 
heat rising and the general temperature sinking. 

3. Bad conducting materials and a warm atmosphere retard 
the cooling. 

4. All influences which tend to promote the paralysis of the 
vessels, produced by the section of the cord, tend also to lower 
the temperature ; all which tend to arrest the paralysis to 
raise it. 

5. The cramp produced by certain poisons immediately 
elevate the internal temperature of the body. 

6. In animals poisoned with alcohol, the temperature imme- 
diately begins to fall. 

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CIRCULATION. 145 

7. Section of the sympathetic exercises the same influence 
on the body as section of the spinal cord. 

8. Section of the vagus has no marked influence in animal 
heat. 

9. Section of the medulla oblongata in the skull, at the 
point where it unites with the pons, produces violent febrile 
symptoms. 

10. Similar febrile symptoms occur after injection of putri- 
fying animal fluids. 

11. Physiological experiments and clinical observation estab- 
lish the existence of moderatory (inhibitory) centres in the 
brain. 

CIRCULATION. 

Dr. James Bell Pettigrew concludes from his observations 
that the closure of the auriculo-ventricular valves, in mam- 
mals, is due partly to mechanical and partly to vital means ; 
the segments in part floating upwards in the blood towards the 
close of the diastole, till their margins and apices are so accu- 
rately applied that no regurgitation can take place, whilst during 
and towards the end of the systole, the valves are, by the con- 
traction of the musculi papillares, dragged down by the chor- 
dae tendinesB into the ventricular cavities, to form two depend- 
ent cones. 

From numerous experiments with the sphygmograph, Czer- 
mak derived the following conclusions : 

1. That the rapidity with which the pulse-wave is propaga- 
ted from the heart towards the arteries is not precisely equal in 
all parts of the arterial system. 

2. That the rapidity of the pulse-wave diminishes in its pas- 
sage from the centre towards the periphery. 

3. That the rapidity of the propagation of the pulse-wave is 
less in children than in adults. 

[I reserve the report on the nervous and muscular systems, 
together with some interesting matter which (with the liberal 
interpretation which Williams in his Principles of Medicine 
gives to the phrase) may be properly introduced, under 
Principles of Medicine, for a future number. — GrJ 



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&i$tt\tiun. 



CFor the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
THE PHILOSOPHY OF EATING. 

BY A. J. BBLL0W8, M. D„ BOSTON, MASS. 

Mr Dear Friend Lodge : — Isn't your newly-fledged editor 
a little hypercritical in his maiden critique. It takes me back 
more than two hundred years, to Butler's times : 

*• When fleroe Inquisitors of wit, 
The critics, spare no flesh that ever writ, 
But jiut as toothdra w'rs find among the rout, 
Their own teeth work in pulling others out, 
So they, decrying all of all that write, 
Think to erect a trade of judging by t" 

The readers of the Observer who have seen no notice of this 
book except the review, will be surprised, I think, to learn the 
real purpose of the unpretending treatise, so different, as they 
shall see it to be, according to the testimony of good men and 
true, from the ridiculous effigy so unmercifully battered down. 
To have escaped his criticisms and denunciations respecting the 
want of attention to the new light on chemistry and physiology, 
want of detail of things new in the sciences, and the details of 
the whole process of calorification, etc., etc., would have 
required a book of one thousand pages, — a book that would 
never have been read through by any one ; but I excuse him, 
seeing as I do, on the preceding page, that he is just installed 
to the care of physiology, and very naturally just now has a 
touch of physiology on the brain ; not only thinking that that 
is the only subject worth considering, but also demanding that 
everybody else shall also think so, and feeling it to be duty to 
attack every one who comes in sight of his premises ; just as 
the newly-installed pater-familias of the barn-yard family will 
attack even a chicken if he looks into his enclosure, especially 
if there is danger that, sometime, he might turn out to be 
a cock. 

The object of the book is not to teach physiology or chemis- 
try, or to enlighten learned professors, but to apply nature's 



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THE PHILOSOPHY OF EATING. lj.7 

common-sense lessons to common-sense minds ; and it is dis- 
tinctly stated that technicalities and scientific terms are avoided 
to accomplish the object of the book. This is understood by 
every one but the Professor who has commented on it. The 
publishers say in their advertisement, " the object of this book 
is to explain nature's arrangement for supplying the human 
Bystem with food and drink under different circumstances as to 
temperature, employment, &c., and to show how economy, 
health, and the pleasures of eating, can all be promoted at the 
same time/' 

Whatever, therefore, pertains to the book as read in the light 
of its claims, whether of omission or commission, is open to 
fair criticism, nothing else need be noticed. Within this range 
I find nothing but the opinion of the Professor, and shall there- 
fore offset this opinion by the opinion of others, leaving it to 
your readers to strike the balance. 

The contempt for the book expressed in comparing its philos- 
ophy with that of " the dawdling Mrs. Jefferson Brick," etc., I 
will offset by the opinion of Joel Marbee, Esq., who for thirty 
years has been a popular Principal and Provider in academies 
and boarding-schools, both in Massachusetts and New York, 
who in an unsolicited letter to the author, an entire stranger, 
says: 

"It presents a common-sense system that can be put into 
practice by every family." " Such a help to me would have 
been invaluable." "If he who makes two blades of grass grow 
where but one grew before is a benefactor to his race, what shall 
he be called who adds months and years to men's lives and 
makes their lives healthier and happier," etc. To the same 
point, and also to the opinion of the Professor that the book is 
made up of crude ideas, written in crude and ungrammatical 
language, I give the opinions of Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe 
and William Hague, D. D., who are quite well known, in the 
Atlantic cities at least, as authors and critics. Mrs. Stowe 
says : "It is a very much needed work, and written in a very 
clear, popular style, and conveying much truth for which human 
nature is perishing" The italics are her own. 

Dr. Hague says: "I have read it with profound interest, 

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lJfi THE PHILOSOPHY OP EATING. 

retting forth as it does principles of vital moment so clearly 
tnat everbody can apprehend them and apply them practically." 
" There are thousands, no doubt, in every walk of life, who 
would acknowledge their indebtedness to the author for exposi- 
tions so lucid, so minute, and so well harmonizing the plainest 
practical rules with the latest advancement of science." 

The opinion expressed in this last clause, and the opinion of 
Dr. S. Dana Hayes, State Assayer of Massachusetts, who was 
brought up in the laboratory of his father, (for thirty years the 
best practical chemist in Boston,) and who has recently finished 
his chemical education with the first chemists of Europe, I will 
offer as an offset to the opinion of the Professor that " the 
statement that alcohol must needs be injurious and only injuri- 
ous because it is the result of the disorganization of sugar, is 
very shallow," and that recent investigations have swept away 
much of the foundation on which this theory rests. Dr. Hayes 
says of the book : " It contains a great deal of valuable and 
much-needed information, presented in a popular comprehensive 
form." " Modern investigations certainly sustain the ground 
taken that organized elements are the only ones assimilated in 
the human system/' 

To the same point, and also to the suggestion that the author 
" will disabuse himself of the idea apparently entertained that 
he has produced something profoundly original/' I will quote 
the words of two other gentlemen, the one the author, I think, 
of as many books as any other man in New England, and the 
other for twenty-five years a popular publisher. Epes Sargeant, 
Esq., says of the book, " I found it full of interest, inasmuch 
as it contains facts and deductions not to be found in any other 
work/' " The facts are, I believe, in accordance with the dis- 
coveries of the most advanced chemical and anatomical science, 
and are very suggestive/' 

J. P. Jewett, Esq., says : " The ideas upon which are based 
the i Philosophy of Eating,' viz., the pre-adamite arrangement 
of elements, adapting them to be prepared in the vegetable 
kingdom for assimilation, or making all elements not thus pre- 
pared poisonous, are literally new/' 

As for the word bulb, which slipped into the book, as did 

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ALLOPATHY RUN MAD. US 

some other verbal and insignificant grammatical errors, which 
give the professor so much anxiety that he refers to them seven 
different times, to be sure and get my attention, I can only say, 
knowing as I did that the Hudibrastic race of critics of the 
17th century, already referred to, were not yet all dead, and 
being myself more careful of ideas than of words, and therefore 
liable to verbal errors, I submitted the proof to an experienced 
writer of school books, to correct all verbal and grammatical 
errors ; bat in spite of this and the critical eye of the profes- 
sional proof reader, to whom it was also submitted, the word 
bulb, instead of tuber, did get in ; but let me console the 
hypercritical Professor with the promise that they shall not again 
offend him, having long since been corrected in the proof for 
the second edition. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Obserrer.] 
ALLOPATH? BUN MAD. 



Dear Observer : — In the Detroit Review? of Medicine and 
Pharmacy for December, under the heading, " Michigan^Uni- 
versity and Homoeopathy/' appears an editorial, which, with 
your permission, I will briefly notice. The writer approvingly 
quotes from President Haven's Annual Report for 1867, which 
you have undoubtedly read. President Haven says : " This 
school (the University) teaches neither a conglomeration of con- 
flicting theories, nor any one in particular, but aims, in accord- 
ance with time-honored customs of the oldest medical schools, 
to teach the science or sciences underlying or embraced in medi- 
cine or surgery. It does not and will not commit itself to teach 
that disease can., and must, and shall be cured only homoeopath- 
ically or allopathically, or by any other known process " ! ! 

Is not the above a strange statement ? No one theory is 
taught ! No science of medicine or surgery is taught ; but 
only the science or sciences underlying or embraced in medicine 
or surgery. Neither is it taught that disease can, and must, 
and shall be cured homoeopathically, or by any other known 
process. The query arises, what is taught ? If the students 
are not taught to cure disease by any known process, they must 
be taught to cure it by an unknown one, if taught to cure dis- 



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150 ALLOPATHY BUN MAD. 

ease art all. And I think President Haven, as the saying is, 
" hit the nail on the head/ 1 And yet such teaching is claimed 
by its advocates to be " scientific medicine" and its practitioners 
" regular" physicians ! ! I The report states virtually that the 
science of medicine or surgery is not taught, for the reason 
there is no science of medicine. By the u science or sciences 
underlying or embraced in medicine or surgery," must be under- 
stood anatomy, physiology, chemistry, &c. But of what use 
are these to the physician, unless he knows how to bring them 
to his aid in curing disease. Of what use is a knowledge of 
Materia Medica to the student, unless he is taught to apply its 
various articles to the cure of disease, in accordance with some 
known rule or process, and yet we are told that " no one known 
process " is taught. And the editor elaborates the position, for 
he says, and truly, that the assertion that they (the allopaths) 
" pretend to cure disease after a single unvarying method, is 
essentially false." And yet he would as stoutly deny the con- 
glomeration of theories and practice as President Haven, and 
in almpst the next line he says, " there is no method of cure 
which we would not unhesitatingly use." No conglomeration 
here. " Oh 1 consistency, thou art a jewel." Only one 
sentence more should have been added to the editorial and it 
would have been complete. He should have quoted from the 
" One-hoss Shay " : 

" Logio is logie, that's all I s»y. w 

Persecution of homoeopaths. The writer says, " we do not 
persecute any men or any class of men for holding views on 
medical subjects contrary to our own," and in proof cites the 
fact " that every medical society contains members who would 
agree in treating scarcely any disease." (I beg to correct the 
learned authority here. They would all agree to give whisky 
and most likely quinine.) 

What a beautiful system of medicine ! What science that 
fact indicates ! ! What certainty there must be in such prac- 
tice I ! ! And such physicians are regular practitioners. Query : 
What would constitute an irregular one ? And the answer 
comes from the centre of Allopathia and is echoed from the 
circumferance, the physician who pretends to cure disease 



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ALLOPATHY BUN MAD. 151 

by " any known process/' guided by any fixed principle : let 
any man pretend to this, and at once he becomes either a knave 
or an ignoramus. Out upon such nonsense ! 

All the writer says about the dishonesty and ignorance of 
homoeopaths, and their using allopathic remedies, is mere clap- 
trap. A mere bread-and-butter statement, which I do not pro- 
pose to notice further than to say, that it is characteristic of 
certain minds and indicative of the weakness of their cause, to 
resort to slander and falsification when argument fails, and thus 
seek to accomplish by calumniation what they fail to do by 
reason. According to the matured wisdom of the writer, no 
one but a regular practitioner of an irregular system, or " no 
known process of curing disease " system, is capable of forming 
a correct diagnosis of disease ; and if three or four children die 
in a family, of diphtheria, under their "no known process" 
treatment, and as many more cases occur in the same family 
and get well under homoeopathic treatment, as has often been 
the case in this city, these last " were not diphtheria, nothing 
but sore throat," for the singular reason that they got well. 
So if a patient has typhoid fever, either incipient or fully 
developed, and is treated by the old "no known process," it is 
all right whether he lives or dies. That patient had typhoid fever. 
But let the treatment be homoeopathic, and it was not typhoid 
fever at all. The statement that " they (the homoeopaths) 
have been invited, time and again, in Paris and elsewhere, to 
prove their assertions in the wards of the public hospitals, and 
as often have they declined," is simply untrue, and more, has 
not even the shadow of truth. The homoeopaths of this city, 
and of every city in this country and Europe, have been trying 
for years to get into the public hospitals, and into the army and 
navy, but have thus far been kept out by allopathic bigotry and 
fear of the rival practice. To prove our sincerity, we are now 
willing to take any number of wards in St. Mary's or any other 
hospital in this city, under our control, and let the result deter- 
mine which practice is superior. We and they will thus 
" manufacture statistics, which credulous females can triumph- 
antly flourish in defence of their faith as well as ours." We 
dare them to the trial. 



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159 ALLOPATHY BUN MAD. 

The writer's illustration of the homoeopathic principle that 
" like cures like," is verdant as well as shallow. Any one at all 
familiar with homoeopathic remedies and their administration, 
would as soon set an elephant to hatching chickens as trust him 
to prescribe homoeopathically. He admits that "cathartics will 
cure a diarrhoea caused by irritating ingesta," and this he thinks 
is " like curing like." The homoeopath would practice no such 
nonsense. The diarrhoea would cure itself, unless the "irrita- 
ting ingesta " caused so much irritation and inflammation as to 
perpetuate it, when he would endeavor to cure the inflammation 
by remedies that would act directly on the diseased part. 
Hence he would treat the disease and not the mere symptoms, 
and as the one subsided, the other would disappear. The allo- 
path would suppress the diarrhoea by opium and astringents, 
while the inflammation, the real disease, would either go on 
undisturbed or be greatly aggravated, and then, according to 
their learned diagnosis, " congestion has taken place," and if the 
patient lives he makes a narrow escape. 

But enough of this writer's nonsense and malignity. We 
assume that, if medicines cure disease at all, they must act 
in accordance with some law. That there must and does 
exist some law to guide the physician in the selection of the 
appropriate remedy. That if the physician who prescribes does 
not do so in accordance with some fixed law or principle, he 
prescribes empirically, and no matter what his pretentions, he 
is simply a quack ; learned or unlearned, as the case may be. 

This law or principle we express in the phrase, " like cures 
like/' i. e., a medicine that will cause certain symptoms in the 
healthy, will cure those same symptoms when they exist as dis- 
ease and arise from morbific causes. 

Dose, either large or small, is not homoeopathy ; but he who 
prescribes in accordance with the homoeopathic law will of 
necessity be compelled to use small quantities of medicines, and 
if an honest physician, will use such doses as he finds most 
efficient in curing disease. 

We thus have a " known process" of cure, and pretend, and 
do, cure disease, in accordance therewith ; and for this profes- 
sion and practice all the so-called "regulars?' who acknowledge 



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ALLOPATHY RUN • MAD. 15S 

that they have " no known process of curing disease," denounce 
us, and many of them and their patrons are ready to vilify us 
personally as well as professionally. We submit to the judg- 
ment of a candid community. 

The writer's fling at woman, when he says that " credulous 
females are our most ardent advocates and patrons," and "tri- 
umphantly flourish our statistics in defence of their [the 
homoeopaths'] faith," indicates the origin of his article. He, 
perhaps, does not know that woman has always been in the 
advance column of all reforms, and works calculated to miti- 
gate human suffering. She often arrives at more correct con- 
clusions by intuition than man does by his reason. Besides, 
many of these " credulous females " have seen children tortured 
by blisters and nauseous doses of poisonous drugs ; have seen 
children with diphtheria have their throats "burnt" with 
caustic repeatedly, till nature succumbed under the barbarous 
treatment. These same " credulous females " have seen their 
and their neighbors' children get well from the same and as 
severe attacks of disease, without any such physical torture, 
and this repeatedly and for years, and hence have come to have 
faith in that which they have seen and do know; and having 
no partisan feelings or bigotry to bias their judgments, become 
the ardent advocates and patrons of that which cures without 
torture, of that which saves without destroying. To show 
among what classes of people homoeopathy flourishes, we must 
again resort to " statistics," of which our revilers have such a 
holy horror. Massachusetts, with her education and general 
intelligence, has two hundred and fifty homoeopathic physicians ; 
Maryland, thirty-four ; Arkansas about thirty-six ; — Ohio, 352 ; 
while Kentucky has only forty-four. Michigan has 230 ; — Miss- 
issippi, 16 ; Wisconsin, 200 ; — Missouri, 68. No one can mis- 
take the import of these " statistics." They show that homoeop- 
athy thrives in proportion to the general intelligence of com- 
munities, and is a sufficient answer to the oft-repeated assertion 
of our opponents that its doctrines are abrfurd and its practi- 
tioners fools or knaves.* Should any " credulous females " 



•MadtealOautte. 

18 



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15 If. MISCELLANEA. 

•'flourish these statistics/' that act is 'not expected to prove 
fatal to the self-conceit and bigotry which must, about so often, 
relieve itself in calling hard names and giving contemptuous 
looks, for this would take from our opponents the weapons they 
most delight to wield ; and in the spirit of true benevolence 
we do not wish to deprive them of that which does them so 
much good and us so little harm, E. H. D. 



Prize for Monograph on Nasal Catarrh. — At the last 
meeting of the Western Institute of Homoeopathy, Dr. Eggert 
offered a prize of $100 for the best practical essay on Nasal 
Catarrh. We regret to learn that there is not likely to be 
much competition for this prize. Will not some of our writers 
give the subject attention and present their papers to the com- 
mittee ? The monographs should be elaborate and exhaustive 
as far as practicable. 



Prizes for Provings op Bromide of Ammonia and Dios- 
OOREA villosa or Dioscorein, — The Massachusetts Homoeo- 
pathic Medical Society offer $75 for the best and $25 for the 
second best proving, to be sent in before March 25, 1868. 
Address Charles Cullis, M. D., Boston; H. L. Chase, M. D., 
Cambridge, Mass.; C. Wesselhoeft, M. D., Harrison Square, P. 
O., Mass.; Committee. ; 



On Dit. — Rumor has it that Profs. R. Ludlam and E. C. 
Franklin both go to New York to strengthen the Faculty of 
the Homoeopathic College there. 



Present residence of the following Physicians wanted at 
this office : Drs. C. G. Barnes, A. A. Bailey, and J. C. Corey. 



HOMCKOPATHIO LlFE INSURANCE COMPANY IN KEW YORK 

City. — Subscription books were opened Jan, 27. The Lieu- 
tenant Governor leading off with a subscription of #5,000. 



Mortality of Cincinnati, Ohio, 1867. — Total, 3635; of 
these the deaths from lung diseases were 836. 



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Ingham, Shiawassee, Clinton and Eaton Counties 
Homoeopathic Medical Society. — This was organized at 
Lansing, Michigan, on Jan. 18, 1868. Officers elected for the 
ensuing year :— Joseph Hooper, M. D., of Corunna, President ; 
B. F. Bailey, M. D., of Lansing, Vice-President ; J. J. Tyler, 
M. D., of Mason, Secretary ; A. A. Bancroft, M. D., of Dewitt, 
Treasurer. 

Drs. B. F. Bailey, A. A. Bancroft and R. W. Nelson, were 
appointed a Committee on Constitution and By-Laws. Dr. 
R. W. Nelson was appointed to deliver the next annual address. 
Drs. Bailey and Nelson reported some interesting cases of disease. 

Adjourned to meet at Lansing, Jan. 10, 1869. The homoeo- 
pathic physicians of the above counties are respectfully requested 
to unite with the above organization. J. J. Tyler, Sec'y. 



The Homoeopathic Hospital and Dispensary of Pitts- 
burgh, Pa., is in a flourishing condition and rapidly growing 
in public favor. The in patients of this institution average 
about twenty-five, while the prescriptions issued from the Dis- 
pensary department to out patients number about two thousand. 



Free Homoeopathic Dispensary at Dayton, Ohio. — 
This Institute was organized Jan. 25, 1868. The physicians 
(all graduates) will attend each day in rotation for one hour. 



The Woman's College at Cleveland, Ohio, closed its 
winter session with a pleasing entertainment. Several excellent 
speeches were delivered, and thanks tendered for the 143 lectures 
delivered gratuitously by the faculty. 



Summer Sessions in Our Homceopathic Colleges. — Med- 
ical students are enquiring which College will hold a Summer 
Session during the year. Will the Deans of the Colleges 
please reply through the Observer. 



Homoeopathic Medical Society of the State of Pennsvlva- 
hia meets at Harrisburgh on the second Tuesday of May, (12th) 
at 10 a. m. Bushrod W. James, M. D., Rec. Sec'y. 

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156 COLLEGES AND SOCIETIES. 

Homoeopathic Pharmaceutical Association. 

We have just received the following communication : 

" Philadelphia, Feb. 4, 1868.— Dr. E. A. Lodge, Detroit, 
Mich. Dear Sir: — There is evidently a strong desire on the 
part of most of our colleagues that there should be formed an 
association of the homoeopathic pharmaceutists in this country, 
— a kind of Apothecaries' Hall. I have conversed since last Fall 
on this topic, with most of our pharmaceutists, and have hoped 
and waited for some one to take the initiatory step ; as this, 
however, has not been taken, so far, I thought I would give 
form to this matter and issue a call : 

" To meet in St. Louis, four days before the meeting of the 
American Institute, to form a preparatory meeting, exchange 
views and devise plans, and if possible form an association or 
institute of this kind. 

" To come with some kind of understanding together, and to 
be prepared to act in a certain measure, I would propose : 

" That you give this matter your early attention, and reply 
whether it meets your approbation or not, and to give any sug- 
gestion you wish to make, in writing, during the next sixty days. 
All the replies I shall have copied and sent to each one on the 
first of May, and from the nature of such replies every one can 
see how far a proposition of this kind will be favored by our 
craft. 

" As the most pressing objects for the action of such an 
institute, I would suggest a unity of signature, of preparation, 
and of weights and measures, and I am certain that the whole 
homoeopathic profession will heartily endorse our proceedings. 

" A letter of like contents I have sent to the following : 
Otis Clapp, Boston ; John T. Smith & Sons, Wm. Radde, C. 
T. Hurlburt, New York; A. J. Tafel, Philadelphia; J. G. 
Backofen & Son, Pittsburg ; Dr. E. A. Lodge, Detroit ; C. S. 
Halsey, Gk Von Schlieben, Chicago ; H. C. G. Luyties, St. 
Louis ; Smith & Worthington, Cincinnati ; Beckwith & Co., 
Cleveland. Please let me have an early reply, and believe me 
to be, Yours cordially, F, E. Bcebioke." 

We heartily approve of the proposed organization, but object 
to the time named. The meetings of the Western Institute, 
Michigan Institute, and some other societies take place imme- 
diately preceding that of the American Institute. If the phar- 
maceutists meet after the adjournment of the American Insti- 
tute a much larger attendance would be secured. 

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NBC&OLOGIOAIi. 

Federal Van Der Burgh, M. D., died January 23d, 1868, 
at " Linwood Hills," in the Town of Rhinebeck, Dutchess Co., 
N. Y., aged 79 years, 8 months, and 22 days. 

Federal Van Der Burgh, the seventeenth of a family of 
nineteen children, (his father having been married twice,) was 
born in the Town of Beekman, County of Dutchess, and State 
of New York, on the 11th day of May, 1788. As the orthog- 
raphy of the name would imply, he came of Low Dutch stock, 
by people of which nationality, indeed, a large portion of this 
County was originally settled. His early education was received 
in the common schools of that day, in which were taught only 
the simplest elementary branches. By dint of self-tuition, 
aided by strict application, he acquired a sufficient knowledge 
of the Latin language to enable him in after years to prosecute 
his medical studies with facility. At the age of 17 he entered 
himself as a student of medicine with Dr. Wright, a celebrated « 
physician of New Milford, Connecticut. Having remained 
here for a short time, he removed to the City of New York, the 
better to enjoy the advantages afforded by hospitals, the lectures 
of professors in medical colleges, &c. In the City he entered 
the office of the late Stephen (?) Smith, M. D., a leading phy- 
sician of that day. Going through the usual curriculum of 
studies, he graduated before he was 21, His manly appear- 
ance, (his height over six feet, with the fact that he was well 
proportioned,) never suggested a doubt to the professors as to 
his age. During his pupilage he was subject to attacks of pul- 
monary haemorrhage that threatened his life. They were 
believed to be dependent upon cardiac obstruction by some, and 
by others to be purely of a tubercular origin. Be the case as 
it might, he never suffered it to cast down his spirits for a single 
moment. That indomitable will which characterized the man 
buoyed him up. Marrying an estimable lady, Miss Boardman 
of New Milford, Ct., he soon removed to Geneva, in this State, 
then constituting a part of the ik Great West." This was in 
1812 or 1813. The climate of that place was believed to be 
conducive to health in those having a proclivity to pulmonary 
disease, — much as we now send patients to Minnesota and the 
Lake Superior regions, for their recovery. Whatever the influ- 
ences that operated, the Doctor became robust, and until he 
was 72 or 75 was a model of muscular and osseous develop- 
ment, maintaining an upright posture that struck all as 
" remarkable for one of his age." Having remained there for a 
period oi something like twenty years, he returned to New York 

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158 NECROLOGICAL. 

City about the year 1830. Here and at this time for the first 
he saw Gram, that expounder of the new faith that he brought 
fresh from the Hahnemannian fount. Ever ready to investigate, 
he is soon found subjecting the claims of the new system to the 
test of experiment. As early as 1834 we find, him with his 
name at the head of the list, associated with Drs. Gray and 
Hull, as editors, and eight laymen, engaged in the publication 
of "The American Journal of Homoeopafchia." Of this, how- 
ever, only four numbers seem to have been published. Dr. 
Hull says that it was too early, — too much in advance of pub- 
lic opinion. 

Dr. Van Der Burgh remained in the City, where he estab- 
lished a lucrative business, his patrons embracing the wealth 
and intelligence of the City. Not only was his business among 
residents of the City ; they rushed in Summer to their coun- 
try villas to enjoy the cool and quiet of rural life, and here, by 
telegram he was often summoned to attend upon the sick. 
Thus the fame of homoeopathy spread. In 1840 he purchased 
Linwood Hills, the name given to the residence that he made 
his home up to the time of his death. His introduction of 
homoeopathy into this county, and the facts connected therewith, 
have become history. He contributed some valuable papers to 
the literature of homoeopathy. His letter to Judge Co wen, in 
defeqce of Dr. Henry D. Paine, then of Newburgh, N. Y., sets 
forth the claims of the new system upon the enlightened judg- 
ment of the age in a masterly manner. 

Dr. Van Der Burgh's mind was peculiar ; his conclusion^ 
were so often the result of intuition. This ran through a large 
portion of the writings of his later years. He practiced medi- 
cine from a love of his profession. He became absorbed in his 
cases. In speaking of patients he rarely called them by name. 
He usually designated them as "the cardiac case with valvular 
disease," or " the man with diabetes," &c. He was kind to the 

Eoor, as thousands could testify. His advice was sought at his 
ome, on the highway, in the railroad station, on the rail-car, 
on the steamer, at his dinner, at the hotel in the city, in bed 
and out of bed. He never turned a deaf ear to "a case. " 
The first few words of the description, or the looks of the 
patient at once aroused the spirit of scientific inquiry within 
him. He was proverbial for punctuality in his appointments, 
and woe-betide the man who kept him waiting in the consulta- 
tion room. A homily was the certain penalty. 

Dr. Van Der Burgh was first President of our County Society 
and remained so np to the time ot his death. 



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NECE0L0GICAL. 169 

About a year ago it was first discovered that his vital powers 
were beginning to fail. Exposure to the inclemencies of the 
weather laid him aside. His attack consisted of an utter pros- 
tration of all muscular power. Yet it was not paralytic. 
Still he was as helpless as an infant. With this he had parox- 
ysms of dyspnoea, with a sensation of impending suffocation. 
The dyspnoea, however, was gradually removed during the 
Spring, so that during the Summer all that was noticable was 
debility and a wasting away of the fatty a?id muscular tissues, 
until he became only bone and tendon, with only slight traces 
of the muscles remaining. The vital forces continued slowly 
to give away. "No disease of a specific organ could be made 
out, beyond cardiac hypertrophy, which had been his life-long 
companion. No effusion ensued. He died without a struggle ; 
his attendant telling me that he died as one going to sleep* 
So peaceful was his end. 

He several times cheered the hearts of his wife and others of 
his friends by expressing his faith in the Redeemer, thus leav- 
ing on record faith in Christ as the stay and support of his 
weary spirit. J. F. Merritt, M. D. 



E. Potter, M. D., died suddenly, in his office, at Springfield, 
Ills., on Sunday, Jan. 12, 1868. Verdict of coroner's inquest. 
" Death from apoplexy of the heart." He wrote to a friend 
that for some six months he had been under the impression 
that about the close of 1867 or the beginning of 1868, he 
should pass from this natural state to his home in heaven. He 
had worked hard in his profession for 26 years ; 15 years of 
which he termed " the murderous allopathic system" We learn 
also from a friend at Laporte, Ind., Dr. P.'s former field of 
labor, that he wrote him " he should soon pass over to the 
other side" Dr. P. was connected with the Methodist Church 
at Springfield, but had strong Sweden borgian proclivities. 



Schmidt. — We regret to hear of the demise of John G. 
Schmidt, M. D., at Stockholm, Sweden, on the 27th Novem- 
ber last, of phthisis pulmonalis. The Doctor practiced in 
Detroit, and also in Monroe, Michigan, for a short time, in 
1866, and returned to Sweden, where, notwithstanding much 
opposition, he was introducing the new practice with consid- 
erable success. A short time tfefore his death he obtained 
governmental consent for the practice of homoeopathy in 
Sweden. 



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H$Mital futa- 



Adams. —Br. J. Adams, of Toronto, Canada, was recently elected a member of the Homoeo- 
pathic Medical Board, in place of Dr. J. J. Lancaster, of London. A good change. Dr. A is a 
gentleman of intelligence and refinement and will do honor to the position. 

Douglas.— The present number of the Observer is enriched by a valuable contribution from 
the pen of Prot J. S. Douglas, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. "We are pleased to be able to stats 
that other papers from him will appear from time to time. 

Sanders. —The " Little Wanderer's Advocate," published in Boston, Mass., thus spsaks of 
one of the best homoeopathic physicians of Boston : " For nearly three years Dr. Sanders has 
visited the Home daily, furnishing medicine, giving advice, and faithfully and kindly attending 
to all cases of sickness among the 1700 children we have received during that time. His success 
has been signal, both in preventing disease by wise counsel, and in raising those who were 
stricken, but the fact of which we would make special mention is, that all has been done gratis* 
Not a cent has been charged for medicine, counsel, or attendance, and yet we have reason to 
believe that the sacrifice to him has been quite equal to f 1,600 a year. In view of the above 
our Board, at its January meeting, passed the following richly-deserved resolution of thanks, 
vis :— Resolved, That the sincere and hearty thanks of this Board, in behalf of the Home for 
Little Wanderers, are dne and are hereby tendered Dr. O. S. Sanders for his unremitting, kind 
and efficient medical services to the children of the Home during the past year." 



REMOVALS. 



Tipple.— R, D. Tipple, M. D., from Lock Haven, Pa., to Bellefbnte, Centre Co., Pa. 
Potter.— E. M. Potter, M. D., from Springfield, Ilia, to Decatur, Dls. 
Nelson.— B. W. Kelson, M. D., from Lansing, Mich., to Walterville, Mich. 
Fairbanlc.— C. D. Fairbank, M. D., from Bvanston, Ills., to Ottawa, Ills. 
Wheeler.— Dr. Byron A. "Wheeler, from Byron, "Wise., to Montana, Iowa. 
Whippy.— Dr. Wm. A. Whippy, from Millport, N. Y., to Winona, Minn. 
Shepherd.— Dr. A. Shepherd, from Springdale, O., to Olendale, Ohio. 
Johnson.— Dr> D. A Johnson, from Chelsea, Mass., to Boston, Mass. 
AhlDorn.— Dr. H. Ahlborn, from Lynn, Mass, .o Boston, Mass. 
Thompson.— Dr. C. H. Thompson, from Muscatine, Iowa, to Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 
Wheeler.— Dr. B. A Wheeler, from Fond du Lac, "Wisconsin, to Montana, Iowa. 



CANADIAN LICENTIATES. 

At the reoent semi-annual meeting of the Homoeopathic Medical Board of Canada the follow- 
ing gentlemen passed the examination satisfactorily and received their licences : Hkkby M. 
BsoniBzcK, M. D., of Ingersoll, [Dr. B. will practice at Uxbridge, Ontario, Canada,] and Edwasd 
T. Adams, M. D., of Gait, "Waterloo. 



n 



Deferred Articles. — Although we print 56 pages this 
month, a large number of valuable articles are unavoidably 
laid over until April. The present number does not contain 
the usual variety of reading, but this will bid more than com- 
pensated for in the next issue. L. 



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§.imm 0! pumitt aito ttjilteu. 



Pbof. THOMAS NICHOL, Editor. 



[For the American HomcBopathio Observer.} 
THE VALUE OF THE PESSABY. 

BY K. M. HALE, M. D. 



'• The practice of applying pessaries or uterine supporters of any kind is one which belongs to 
the principles of Allopathy, and is rapidly becoming obsolete."— Guernsey's Obstetrics. 

A dislocation of the uterus should be treated on the same 
general principles of surgery as any other dislocation occurring 
in the body. 

Two things must be done. (1) The affected organ or limb 
must be replaced in its normal position ; (2) it must be retained 
in situ by some mechanical appliance, or by absolute rest. 

In fracture of the tibia or dislocation of the knee, the surgeon 
brings about apposition ; but if he stops here, he is a very bad 
surgeon. He must keep the parts in normal position. This 
can only be done by rest The limb or joint must be made 
immovable for a time, or until the injury is repaired. If this 
is not done, anchylosis, false joint, or some other deformity 
will result, and the universal and just verdict of the world is, 
that a surgeon neglecting his duty in this respect is censurable 
and should be punished for mal-practice. 

The same rules will apply to displacements of the uterus* 
If dislocated, or suffering in any manner a change from its nor- 
mal position or form, it should be replaced, or changed to the 
normal position. 

In one mal-position, namely, retroversion, the author above 
quoted has recognized* the truth of the first proposition. He 
advises the use of the " Uterine Elevator," (which, by the way, 
is a very sorry substitute for the uterine sound,) but he 
destroys all the value of the operation by his subsequent treat- 
ment " After the reduction is effected/' he says, " the patient 
should be kept in a recumbent position, for a longer or shorter 
time, from two to twelve days, according to the more or less 

14 April 



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162 THE VALUE OF THE PESSARY. 

recent nature of the* case, that the womb may become more or 
less accustomed to the position, such remedies being adminis- 
tered in the meantime as may be indicated/' 

Let us imagine, if we can, an authority on surgery writing 
as follows : "In fracture or dislocation of the femur, after the 
reduction is effected, the parts should be kept in apposition by 
keeping the body and limbs of the patient perfectly quiet, for a 
longer or shorter time," etc. Not a word about bandages, 
splints, or any other appliance ! Nothing but the recommen- 
dation of Aconite, Arnica, etc. ! Would we not pronounce 
such a/procedure unscientific? 

But where is the difference ? In a case of retroversion of 
recent occurrence, after replacing the organ, it requires many 
days of rest in the recumbent position, on the side, or face, 
before it is perfectly safe to allow the patient to resume her 
usual avocations, even if the proper remedies have been taken. 
In a case of long standing, neither twelve or twice twelve days 
of rest in the recumbent position, aided by the most accurately 
selected remedy, would bring the uterus back to its original 
normal shape or location. The cervix, long flexed, or bent 
upon itself, has become thickened and indurated. The depend- 
ing portion of the fundus has become hypertrophied and infil- 
trated. The appendages which should support the uterus m 
situ, have become lengthened, relaxed and weakened. It is an 
utter and inexcusable absurdity to suppose such an abnormal 
condition of things can be made normal by twelve days' rest in 
the recumbent jwsition and the administration of medicine. 

If the surgeon who neglects to do all that science demands 
for the restoration of his patients is guilty of malpractice, what 
shall be said of the physician or surgeon who neglects to treat a 
case of retroversion or prolapsus in a proper and scientific 
manner ? 

The physician who returns a displaced uterus, and does not 
use every means at his command to keep that organ in normal 
position, is certainly reprehensible and guilty of malpractice. 

It is the highest folly to declaim against pessaries and other 
appliances as "absurd/' "barbarous," "useless," "degrading," 
and "disgUBting." If any appliance or manipulation was 

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THE VALUE OP THE PESSAKY. • 168 

deserving of the last epithet, we are sure it would be the "ute- 
rine elevator/' 

It is absurd to teach that the uterus, for a long time prolapsed 
or retroverted, will, when placed in its normal position, and the 
patient kept in the recumbent posture for twelve days, remain 
so without mechanical appliance. It is equally absurd to teach 
that even homceopathically chosen remedies will remove the 
resulting pathological conditions. 

We declare our sincere conviction that if this senselessjcrusade 
against mechanical appliances, and topical applications, in dis- 
eases of the uterus, be continued by the extremists of our 
school, it will result in its retardation and degradation. 

Dr. Guernsey is the exponent of this portion of our school, 
and it is much to be regretted that his otherwise valuable work 
is marred by such an objectional feature. This book has much 
in it that is commendable. It is admirably written ; its descrip- 
tions of disease are excellent ; the characteristic indications for 
the use of the old remedies are doubtless reliable. Farther than 
this we cannot praise. 
^- We have had sufficient experience in the treatment of uterine 
displacements to enable us to speak confidently in this relation. 
We do not, therefore;- hesitate to lay down th? following rules, 
which should guide every physician or surgeon in the treatment 
of uterine dislocations : 

I. In any ..case of dislocation of the uterus, it should be 
restored to its normal position as soon as the physician is aware 
of the displacement and can obtain the consent of the patient. 

II. In no case should the physician neglect to keep the uterus 
in normal position by some mechanical appliance, unless the 
patient refuses to have such appliance used. 

III. In case of such refusal, the patient should be enjoined 
to keep the recumbent position for a period of time sufficient in 
his opinion to restore (aided by the proper medicines) the 
normal condition of the tissues involved. 

Rule 1 is very generally considered proper by all physicians 
and surgeons of respectable, attainments. We will admit that a 
few cases of prolapsus, if recent, may be reduced by rest in the 
recumbent position alone. Many cases will get well with rest 
and appropriate medicines ; but the larger proportion, especially 



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16£ ™E VALUE OP THE PESSARY. 

of cases which have existed a few weeks or more, will not 
recover without the use of some mechanical support. 

In cases of retrovernonwe do not believe one instance in fifty 
can be reduced by the recumbent position alone. If such posi- 
tion is to do good, it must be on the side, or on the face, and 
such a position cannot be retained for sufficient length of time 
to result in permanent reduction. We reject those reported cases 
wherein it is alleged that the administration of Sepia 8 °th effected 
the reduction of a retroverted uterus. Such reports have their 
origin in an ignorance of the processes which nature sometimes 
adopts to restore a dislocated organ. I have known several 
instances in which women subject to retroversion have habitua- 
ted themselves to effect its reduction by placing themselves 
upon the hands and knees until they feel the organ go back to 
its proper place. 

In some women a largely-distended bladder, or a collection 
of impacted fasces in the rectum will cause a retroversion, which 
disappears as soon as the cause is removed. It was probably 
some such case in which the 30th of Sepia was supposed to 
effect reduction. We should as soon expect to effect reduction,,, 
of a dislocated shoulder by the internal administration of Arnica 
or Mhu* *°th\ 

Rule II is recognized as important and necessary by all 
scientific and unprejudiced physicians. In the allopathic school 
such practice is sanctioned by Hodge, Meigs, Simpson, Tyler 
Smith and others. In the homoeopathic school, Ludlam, Hel- 
muth, Small, Franklin, Marcy, and others, who have written 
on this subject, sanction the same practice, not to the extent 
advised by the allopathic authors, because of the power which 
our remedies have to aid the curative process. 

If a prolapsed or retroverted uterus is replaced soon after the 
accident, and a suitable pessary introduced, the patient need 
not keep the recumbent position but a day, and it is not ab$o- 
Ivxely necessary to the cure that such position should be assumed 
at all. The supporting ligaments, and the vaginal walls, soon 
recover from the sudden relaxation, 4he presence of the pessary 
preventing a recurrence of the displacement, and in a few days 
the instrument may be removed or give place to a simple abdom- 



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THE VALUE OF THE PESSARY. 165 

inal bandage. Without the pessary the woman would be con- 
fined to the bed many days, with a loss of time and a loss of 
strength, for, except in convalescence from fever, and certain 
acute inflammations, confinement to the bed, or room, always 
results in more or less debility and muscular atony. Again, the 
administration of the proper remedies can be called in aid, and 
act as certainly, when the pessary is used as under any other 
circumstances. 

In the early part of my homoeopathic practice I rigidly 
adhered to the teachings of Jahr, Hering, and our repertory- 
makers. I rejected all mechanical appliances, and placed a 
sublime confidence in the power of medicine for the restoration 
of uterine, displacements and ulcerations. This faith I adhered 
to until sad experience, bringing with it hosts of mortifying 
failures, taught me the futility of trusting to dynamic agencies 
alone in such conditions. I would not be understood as under- 
valuing the powers and usefulness of our remedies. On the 
contrary, I claim for them a value utterly unknown in allopathic 
therapeutics. If the allopaths can cure a case of prolapsus or 
retroversion, with the pessary and "general tonics," in four or 
eight weeks, we can, with specific remedies, chosen by their 
characteristic indications, aided by the use of an appropriate 
pessary, cure the same displacements in half the time. 

I will here say, that for nearly every form of displacement, 
the pessary I prefer, and have been most successful with, is the 
watch-spring, covered with hard or soft rubber, and in the form 
of a ring. It has many advantages over all other pessaries (a) 
in being lighter, not weighing over 150 grs., (6) it will not cor- 
rode by contact with the vaginal or uterine secretions, or fluids 
used as injections, (c) it is elastic, yielding to the motions of 
the body, as in sitting, walking etc., (d) it admits of the use of 
vaginal enemas,the application of topical remedies to the uterus, 
and offers no obstacle to the use of the speculum, or even coitus. 
Balls and discs, whether of glass, wood or hard rubber, are 
utterly unworthy any attention, as are all the numerous brood 
of instruments of various shapes lately introduced to the pro- 
fession. In this as in all departments of surgery the simplest 
instrument is the best. 

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166 THE VALUE OF THE PESSAKY. 

Occasionally a case of retroversion like the one detailed below 
will occur, where the double-lever or curved pessary will be found 
most useful ; and cases of ante- version, a very rare displacement, 
will come under treatment, when the soft rubber inflated disc 
will have to be resorted to. With these exceptions, the watch- 
spring pessary is the instrument par excellence. Experience 
has taught me that they are generally used too large. It is 
seldom that one of the diameter of three or three and one-half 
inches is required, while the sizes most generally useful are two 
and two and one-half inches. Care must be taken to select 
those which will not soften and become sticky from the applica- 
tion of heat Such are unfit for use ; no ordinary heat should 
detract from the hardness and smoothness of the surface. If 
made of the proper material, the heat of a warm hand, or warm 
water, will enable them to be bent into any shape without 
cracking. I have found those of a light brown, and those of a 
" drah " color, the most reliable. Glycerine soap is the best 
article with which to lubricate them previous to their introduc- 
tion. 

It is not in displacements alone that this form of pessary is 
servicable. In that condition known as flexion of the uterus ; 
in diseases of the os and cervix, such as inflammation, ulcera- 
tion, etc. In these last-mentioned conditions the morbid con- 
dition is often kept up by mechanical irritation of the diseased 
portion, by the floor 'of the vagina upon which it rests. In this 
position it is irritated by every movement of the body. The 
pessary lifts the uterus up, it is no longer irritated, and a cure 
rapidly results, although it had previously resisted the best 
aimed attempts of the physician, in the way of internal and 
topical remedies. 

Rule III cannot be objected to. But the physician should 
plainly and candidly state to the patient his convictions of the 
necessity for the use of mechanical supports. He should try 
and explain the anatomical relations of the parts, — the ends to 
be attained by the use of the instrument, the advantages to be 
gained by its use, and the impossibility of doing any injury, if 
properly applied. If, after such explanation, the woman 
decline to permit its use, the physician has nothing to do but 
to state to his patient the consequences of such refusal, namely, 



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THE VALUE OF THE PESSARY. 167 

the long continuance in bed, or confinement to the recumbent 
posture, the persistent use of internal medicines, and even if 
this is done, the probable failure to cause a complete recovery. 

In cases of recent prolapsus, or retroversion, a complete 
recovery may follow, if the patient's muscular system is in good 
condition. But in cases of longer standing, a perfect recovery, 
without the pessary, is next to impossible. A complete prolapsus 
will result in a partial, and a retroversion changed to a retro- 
flezion. 

Those who flatter themselves that, because under the use of 
rest and medicine, the pain and discomfort of a woman have 
disappeared, that she is cured of a displacement, are wofully 
deceived. The nerves of sensation may become blunted, or 
manifest their irritation by reflex actions upon remote organs. 
Upon examination, the womb is found abnormal in position or 
shape. This is only an apparent cure, surely not such a cure 
as the present advanced condition of medical art demands. 

The treatment of a curved or flexed uterus should be con- 
ducted on the same principle as a curvature of the spine, namely, 
a forcible retention in its normal condition. A curved spine is 
kept straight by braces and splints, and a flexed uterus should 
be kept straight by a suitable pessary. In either case appro- 
priate medicines will be of great aid in effecting a permanent 
cure. I do not consider the objections urged against the pessary 
to be of sufficient importance to require a formal answer. That 
the great majority of these appliances are worse than useless, 
and generally injurious, I will frankly admit. But that the 
watch-spring, the soft rubber disc, and some varieties of the 
double-lever pessary, are injurious or useless, when used by 
competent physicians, I utterly deny. Because an imperfect or 
ill-adjusted instrument causes irritation, or fails to be of benefit, 
it does not follow that an instrument made in accordance with 
proper principles, and correctly adjusted, should be denounced. 

It is next to impossible for any irritation to arise from the 
use of the above-mentioned varieties of pessary. At the same 
time I can imagine that if adjusted by a person ignorant of the 
anatomy of the pelvis, and equally ignorant of the nature 
of the various uterine displacements, the best pessary might be 

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168 THE VALUE OF THE PESSABY. 

so improperly placed as to cause discomfort and prevent a cure. 
The same, however, may be said of the use of all surgical 
instruments, and of all medicinal agents. 

We do not propose a further discussion of this matter. 
Theory is best substantiated by actual practice. Experience 
will upset the most plausible, or it will prove that true which 
has been denounced as unreliable. 

To illustrate the value of the pessary, I shall present a few 
cases which have occurred in my practice, in which this instru- 
ment proved a valuable curative agent. In order that there 
can be no doubt of the reliability of the curative influence, I 
have selected cases which had resisted the internal use of appa- 
rently indicated medicines. Each case, too, is but an example 
of several of the same nature, 

COMPLETE PROLAPSUS. 

Mrs. P , the mother of five children, the youngest two 

years old. She did not get up well from her last confinement, 
was imprudent in sitting up and going down stairs too soon. 
Was troubled with leucorrhcea and bearing-down pains while 
nursing. Was treated by an allopathic specialist tor six months, 
used an abdominal supporter, took tonics, etc., with but tempo- 
rary benefit. Under the advice of one of our best physicians, 
she had taken Sepia, Nux vomica and Podophyllum ; used 
cool water vaginal enemas, and kept her bed for weeks ; but 
without benefit. On examination, I found the os uteri nearly 
protruding from the vulva ; no ulceration, but a swollen, sensi- 
tive condition of the cervix. She had not walked a block from 
her residence in several months ; was always uncomfortable, 
. except when lying down. A watch-spring pessary of 3J inches 
was adjusted, after replacing the organ, and the recumbent 
position ordered for one day. No medicine was prescribed. 
After a day on the bed, she got up, walked about the house all 
day, without har usual feelings of pelvic discomfort. The next 
day she walked several blocks, to the house of a neighbor. It 
is now six months ; the pessary was removed two months ago. 
She reports no prolapsus, no pain, and is in excellent health. 
In this case the abdominal supporter, without which she imag- 
ined she could not live, was dispensed with the day after the 



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THE VALUE OF THE PESSARY. 169 

ring was adjusted. She did not feel the pressure of the instru- 
ment at any time, and it was only removed at my suggestion. 
I do not believe any remedy, aided by months of the recumbent 
position, could have been of the slightest benefit to this patient. 

RETROVERSION. 

A lady aged forty came to me from Iowa, to be treated for a 
uterine difficulty which had troubled her for four years. She 
had been treated by some of the most noted allopathic 
and one homoeopathic physician, all of whom diagnosed her 
affection as one of those obscure maladies which attend the 
change of life. Only one physician had made an examination, 
and he did not inform her of the presence of any important 
morbid condition of the uterus. No local treatment had been 
used, with the exception of cool vaginal injections for the leu- 
corrhcea. 

Her symptoms were profuse leucorrhoea, sometimes streaked 
with blood, constant pain in the back, dysuria, constipation, 
menses retarded every time a few days. When they appeared, 
it was with an aggravation of all the above symptoms. 
But the one symptom which most annoyed her was the follow- 
ing : A bloated condition of the lower abdomen, commencing 
about ten days after the menses ceased to flow, and continuing 
to increase until the appearance of the next menses. After a 
few days of the flow, the bloating would decrease, and disappear 
the last days of the menses. This bloating was not ascites, it 
lacked the physical characteristics, and the urine was normal in 
amount. Percussion did not give the tympanitic sound,but this 
may have been due to the large accumulation of fat in the 
abdominal parietee. I could not learn, however, that any 
abnormal quantity of gas escaped per anum. 

For the above symptoms she was given Cocculus, Sepia, Nux 
moschata, and* other apparently indicated remedies, without 
perceptible effect. 

An examination with speculum revealed abrasion of the lower 
lip of the os uteri, with some congestion of the cervix. The 
touch showed the os high up under the pubic arch, while the 
fundus was found lying against the rectum, causing a consider- 
able flexion of the uterine neck. 



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170 THE VALUE OF THE PESSABY. 

The abrasion of the os was healed by the application of the 
solid nitrate of silver, applied at intervals of four days. But 
this did not cause any change in the symptoms except to cure 
the leucorrhoeal discharge. 

Being satisfied that the remaining symptoms were caused by 
the displacement of the uterus, I introduced a double-lever 
pessary, three and one- half inches in length by one and one-half 
in width. Quiet, in the recumbent position, was enjoined for 
twenty-four hours. She then got up, with a decided change 
for the better. The pain in the back had disappeared, and the 
constipation was much relieved. The usual bloating did not 
occur during the ante-menstrual period, nor at the time of the 
menses, which appeared in four weeks, with but slight pain. 

She returned to her home in Iowa, and four months later 
wrote me for advice as to the removal of the pessary, saying 
she was quite well and thought she did not need the suppprt. 
I advised its removal. A few weeks since she wrote me that 
since its removal none of the old symptoms re-appeared, and 
she considered herself as well as at any time in her life. 

I mention this case on account of its peculiarity. Of simple 
cases of retroversion I could adduce a score or two cured by the 
ring pessary alone. 

ANTEVEBSION. 

The patient was a married woman, the mother of several 
children, the youngest about two years old. After her last 
confinement, she got about too soon, she thinks, and alleges she 
was not properly bandaged. She has been troubled since that 
confinement with frequent urging to urinate, especially when 
standing or sitting, less when lying down. There seems to be 
a pressure on the bladder, except when lying down. Urine 
normal in quantity and quality ; occasionally some strangury. 
Menses anticipating a few days ; some leucoqjjicea after the 
menses. Alternate constipation and diarrhoea ; a sensation of 
pressure on the rectum, with ineffectual desire for stool, is quite 
frequent. 

Examination by the touch revealed a decided anteversion of 
the uterus, the fundus resting on the bladder, while the o% tincce 
was found high up against the sacrum. 

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THE VALUE OF THE PESSABY. 171 

She had been treated by several physicians, some of whom 
had considered it a case of irritable bladder ; others as internal 
haemorrhoids. 

As she disliked to have any mechanical appliance used, I 
prescribed Nux vomica, Belladonna, Murex, and several other 
medicines, but with slight benefit. An abdominal bandage was 
advised, which gave considerable relief to the irritation of the 
bladder, but not to the other symptoms. 

She finally consented to the introduction of the inflated 
rubber pessary, made in the shape of a disc, resembling nearly 
the disc invented by Dr. Dewees. This was introduced in such 
a manner that the cervix uteri passed through the orifice in the 
instrument, and was thus brought forward nearly an inch or an 
inch and a half, drawing the fundus backward, probably about 
the same distance. It gave relief to all the symptoms and 
caused no irritation. Three months have now elapsed, no 
return of anteversion, menses regular, pessary removed a 
month ago. 

RETROFLEXION CAUSING SEVERE DYSMENORRHCEA. 

Mrs. H , mother of one child, applied to me to be treated 

for a dysmenorrhea which had troubled her for several years. 
The menses came on every twenty-five days, with excessive, 
spasmodic, labor-like pains during the first twenty-four hours, 
during which time the blood was clotted and shreddy. During 
the intensity of the pain, she resorted to morphine or chloro- 
form to allay the suffering. The flow usually lasted seven or 
eight days, but after the first day was not profuse. For these 
symptoms I prescribed Calcarea, Senecio, Caulophyllum, 
Sabina, Gelseminum and Cocculus, from which she got no deci- 
ded benefit. 

Believing some structural lesion was the cause of the dys- 
menorrhea, an examination was made. An abrasion of the 
os, with slight retroflexion, was all that was discovered. A 
few touches of the solid nitrate cured the abrasion, but the next 
menstrual period was as painful as ever. 

I learned that she had been treated by a noted uterine spe- 
cialist for stricture of the cervix, and that the canal had been sub- 
jected to a process of dilatation by bougies and other instru- 



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178 DISPLACEMENTS OF THE WOMB. 

ments. During the efforts at dilatation, she says the pain 
during menstruation was much less. 

At this point I allowed her to pass through two periods with- 
out medicine of any kind, but the pain was so intense the last 
time that she again resorted to chloroform. 

More as an experiment than with the idea of curing my 
patient, I introduced a 2J inch elastic ring pessary, a week 
before the expected menses. The period delayed until the 
28th day, and came on without the slightest pain during the six 
days of the flow ! Two painless periods have since occurred ; 
the pessary remains, causing not the slightest irritation. It 
cured, evidently, by removing the stricture resulting from the 
flexed condition of the cervix. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
DISPLACEMENTS OF THE WOMB. 

BY C A. WILLIAMS, M. D M NORTH ADAMS, MICH. 

It is a lamentable fact that in this, the nineteenth century, 
a time wherein civilization has reached the highest acme of 
perfection ever attained by any age or people, that through a 
false idea of beauty and mistaken sense of propriety, and from 
tight lacing and abortion, one-half of all the women who have 
reached the age of thirty years, are suffering in a greater or less 
degree from this bane of the female sex. 

It is not my object in this article to give a long dissertation 
on the various causes, conditions or results of displacements of 
the womb ; for that I would refer the reader to the admirable 
works of Guernsey, Hale, Meigs and others, but confine myself 
to the report of a few cases from practice, wherein some of the 
severer forms of this malady were met and a happy result 
attained. 

Case lsU — Mrs. T , »t. 35 ; lymphatic temperament ; 

small in stature ; eight years a widow. From undue labor and 
exposure was attacked with bearing-down pains and sense of 
weight and heaviness in hypogastric region, accompanied with 
gome febrile symptoms. This condition gradually increased, 

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DISPLACEMENTS OP THE WOMB. 17 S 

despite the various remedial measures taken for its relief, and 
August 12th I found the following conditions : Body much 
emaciated, skin pale and cadaverous, mind anxious and at times 
irritable ; debility, unable to sit up more than an hour at a 
time ; gastric irritation, burning and fullness of stomach ; 
bowels costive, at times diarrhoea ; headache in morning and 
after each meal ; urine variable in hue, sometimes very light, 
at others dark, and depositing a flocculent and brick-dust sedi- 
ment ; occasionally some pain during micturition ; dragging 
Sensation in uterine region ; heat and pain in small of back ; 
numbness of lower extremities ; feet cold and feel like sticks ; 
aggravating cough, with catarrhal expectoration ; menses every 
three weeks ; scanty and painful, followed by a severe, exhaust- 
ing leucorrhoea. 

The exploratory taxis revealed the womb somewhat enlarged 
and lying directly across, from the point of sacrum to the meatus 
urinarius, the fundus resting against the rectum, the os tincae 
hard and pressing on the neck of bladder. By pressure on the 
fundus succeeded in throwing it up or nearly up into its natural 
position, but the extreme relaxation and debility of vaginal 
walls allowed it to fall back immediately, on rising, to its former 
position. I then suggested the use of a pessary, and after over- 
coming some misgivings on the part of patient, succeeded in 
adjusting one with gratifying results, the patient exclaiming 
that the load was gone which for months had been dragging her 
down to her bed. 

As the lady lived some distance, making it impossible to see 
her often, I improvised a new mode of introducing the pessary, 
and one which in most cases has met with remarkable success, 
whereby the patient, with but little assistance from the nurse, 
can introduce and remove the pessary at pleasure. Let me add 
here that the form of pessary which has given the most satis- 
faction in my experience is the common ring or watch-spring 
pessary. Its superiority resting in the fact that it dilates the 
vaginal walls, thereby supporting the womb without coming 
directly in contact with the os uteri, thus giving no chance for 
irritation, inflammation or ulceration of that organ to follow, 
I caused my patient to lie on her face, her hips raked, by resting 

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17j$. DISPLACEMENTS OF THE WOMB. 

on her knees sufficiently to bring the body at an angle of thirty 
or forty degrees, so to remain until the vaginal walls were dilated 
and unobstructed, then the pessary was to be introduced verti- 
cally, and when well in, turned and pressed up as far as possible. 
Should the retroversion be so great that the fundus does not 
readily assume its proper place, an enema of tepid or warm 
water should be given, and as the walls of the rectum dilate, 
the pressure will in most instances throw the womb forward, 
and it is only in extreme cases, with considerable enlargement, 
that it is necessary to introduce the finger into the rectum and 
press the fundus up. By the means above stated, any female 
may introduce and remove the pessary at will, giving them an 
opportunity to preserve proper cleanliness, and in cases of soft- 
ening or other destruction of pessary, remove and replace before 
any irritation or other bad results occur; to guard against 
which and to preserve a proper degree of cleanliness, a pessary 
should be removed and the vagina cleansed with tepid water as 
often as every four or five days. 

Then, again, when this malady occurs in young unmarried 
women, to whom the horrors of an examination are indescribable, 
the manner of replacing the womb is an admirable one, and I 
may truly say has saved me many times from much embarrass- 
ment and trouble. 

The pessary in the above case was worn about three months, 
accompanied by the following treatment : Aconite and Nux vom. 
alternate every four hours during day. Injections of the follow- 
ing, per vaginum, just before retiring : 

ft Tinct. Sanguinaria and Arnica, each, 3ss. 
Chlorate potash, grs. v. 
Aqua pura, ?viii. 
Misce. 

Immediately on rising in morning, cool water was applied to 
abdomen and spinal column, with sponge, followed by brisk 
rubbing with coarse towel until the parts were red. 

Sept. 1st. Saw patient again, with the following improve- 
ment : leucorrhoeal discharge lessened, bowels regular, urine 
natural ; bearing down and pressure in uterine region much 
better ; appetite good, with no flatulence or other difficulty of 

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DISPLACEMENTS OF THE WOMB. 175 

stomach. She sits up most of the time, and walks some dis- 
tance. The cough has nearly ceased, and she is hopeful of a 
complete recovery. 

Gave Pulsatilla at night, on retiring. Nux vomica three 
times per diem. Other treatment as before. 

Oct. 12th. Beceived a visit from my patient. She is looking 
finely and thinks herself almost well. Can walk halt a mile 
with ease. Cough and leucorrhoea entirely gone ; menstrual 
flow regular ; no dragging sensation in uterine region. Caulo- 
phyllin 2 , a small powder every night. Pulsatilla every morning 
was given. Injection one-half the previous strength. 

November 8th. Patient writes as follows : " I am well. Re- 
moved pessary a few days ago, and have experienced no unpleas- 
ant sensation. Have had no medicine in ten days, and think I 
don't need any. With many thanks, I am, &c." 

Saw patient two years after, enjoying good health, with no 
return of her trouble. 

Case &d. — Mrs. B , mother of five children ; aet. 33. 

Aborted at sixth month, with excessive haemorrhage ; was very 
much reduced, but improved rapidly, and three weeks thereafter 
rode out. The fourth week rode a long distance, and was taken 
with severe flooding, which lasted some time, followed by severe 
bearing-down and pressure in uterine region. Unable to sit up. 
Lower extremities numb, and any effort to walk brought the os 
uteri into the world, with severe pain and faintness. After 
cessation of flow, discharged a yellow purulent mucus, which 
excoriated the parts, causing excessive itching and burning. 
External labia inflamed and swollen. 

On examination, found the cervix very much enlarged and 
pressing directly on the perineum ; os uteri dilated, measuring 
about one inch in diameter ; the inner margin or surface of lips 
was covered with little lumps, ranging in size from a mustard 
seed to a small pea ; these were bright red in color, and very 
sensitive to touch, presenting that rare disease known as patu- 
lous os uteri. 

From the openings between these little bodies exuded a tena- 
cious substance, resembling the white of an egg ; the walls of 
the vagina were inflamed and showed here and there a bright 



176 DISPLACEMENTS OF THE WOMB. 

red spot, indicative of follicular inflammation. Bowels consti- 
pated, skin and eyes jaundiced in appearance ; urine dark and 
scanty, and voided at times with much effort. Alternate rigors 
and flashes of heat ; heavy white coating on tongue. 

Treatment : Aconite and Bryonia, in alternation, every two 
hours ; Platina 8 , a small powder at night ; vaginal injection 
of tincture of Sanguinaria and Arnica, each one dram ; rain 
water one half pint, morning and evening ; complete rest and 
supine position ; saline bath every alternate morning. 

This treatment was continued about ten days, with marked 
improvement. She can sit up in bed without difficulty. Tor- 
pid condition of the bowels and liver removed. Skin looks 
natural. The excoriating discharge has ceased ; cervix about 
one-half the previous size; currant-like excrescences mostly 
removed, only a few of the largest remaining; these much 
lessened in size. Repeated » Platina 8 , as before. Nux vom. 
every morning, and as there were some wandering pains of a 
neuralgic character, Cauhphyllum L, 8 , at 12 M., wets added. 
Uterine wash as before, using the Sanguinaria alone. 

Continued about two weeks. Patient passed through men- 
strual period with some aggravation of symptoms, but as the 
appearance and duration of same was quite natural, improve- 
ment commenced readily after cessation, and my patient tells 
me that she can walk about the house with ease. The os and 
cervix are of the natural size ; patulous condition entirely 
removed. The displacement is bad yet, but no complete proci- 
dentia. In order to give the ligaments which support the 
womb chance to assume their natural condition, I introduced a 
pessary, which she wore about four weeks, using the vaginal 
injection every third day ; Nux vom. morning and night. 

After the above time, there being no trouble, treatment was 
discontinued, One year after, patient has had no return of 
displacement and enjoys good health. 

I beg leave to add a few remarks here on the use of 
Sanguinaria can. as a vaginal injection. In catarrhal or leucor- 
rhoeal discharges, either purulent or excoriating, in ulceration 
of os uteri or vagina, in follicular inflammation or vaginal 
inflammation it has no equal ; and particularly in those leucor- 

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UTEBO-ABDOMINAL SUPPOBTKR. 177 

rhoea8 which arise from excessive coitus, vicarious menstrua* 
tion, etc., etc.; an external application in pruritis or papular 
eruption of the vulva, it works admirably. I was led to its use 
from the well-known effects in the cure of catarrhal difficulties, 
apthse and other ulcerations of mouth and fauces, in domestic 
practice. As a topical remedy in the above diseases I consider 
it almost capable of superseding cauterization. When there is 
swelling and inflammatory engorgement of the parts, I usually 
combine it with Arnica, and if the discharges are purulent, 
emitting an offensive effluvia, a little chloride of potassa may 
be added. The provings of this drug are very meagre, the best 
we have may be found in Hale's New Eemedies. However, I 
have no doubt but it has a direct action on the mucous mem- 
brane of the vagina and mouth of uterus, and if carried far 
enough would be capable of producing the derangements above 
mentioned, to which I think it acts homceopathically. 




f For the American Homeaopattrio Observer.] 
THE IMPROVED TJTERO-ABDOMINAI, SUPPORTER. 

The cut imperfectly represents the 
recent great improvements of Hockert's 
original Uterine Supporter. That ori- 
ginal was undoubtedly the best instru- 
ment, up to that time, invented for the 
purpose intended, viz: the immediate 
complete relief and ultimate cure of 
that troublesome and disabling diffi- 
culty, prolapsus uteri. 
The following improvements remove all the objections to 
the original instrument : 1st, The front pad, instead of being 
immovably fixed by the attachment of the steel wire that 
passes round the body as represented in the cut, is now attached 
by a movable point, which admits of free movement to accom- 
modate itself to every motion and posture of the body. 2d, 
The back pads, which were before fixed, have now the same 
accommodating movement. 3d, The back pads, instead of 
being connected by a bar, admitting no change of size, are 
now connected by a leather strap, which buttons upon the pads, 
and by which the same instrument can be lengthened or short- 
15 



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178 UTERO-ABDOMINAL SUPPORTER. 

ened by several inches. These changes render the instrument 
so nearly self-adjusting that any woman can apply it to herself 
without assistance, no small consideration with a modest 
woman. 

The instrument, as now perfected, fulfils every indication 
required in a ntero-abdominal supporter. It is light, durable, 
perfectly comfortable, as easily put on and laid off as any other 
garment, and holds the uterus with unfailing security in its 
normal position, and at just such an elevation as the wearer 
chooses. 

If certificates were not cheap commodities in public estima- 
tion, we could furnish the strongest ones from more than fifty 
relieved sufferers to whom we have furnished the instrument 
within a short period, and from a large number of most respect- 
able physicians of all schools. But any physician who will 
make trial of it, will require no recommendation. 

There has existed hitherto, in the minds of physicians, a 
well-founded objection to the use of pessaries or internal sup- 
porters, which we have largely shared. The one sufficient 
ground of objection has been, that the pessary, «s, heretofore 
used, in order to sustain the prolapsed uterus, required such- a 
size and such consequent pressure upon the walls of the vagina, 
as to produce great distension and consequent weakness, thus 
predisposing to the very difficulty which the instrument was 
employed to relieve. Irritation of the vagina, consequent 
upon strong pressure, further complicated the case. Leucor- 
rhoea was often super-added as a result of this irritation. 

Influenced by these considerations, many physicians have 
foresworn the use of internal supporters altogether. Others 
continue to employ them as a necessary but acknowledged evil. 

The present supporter is entirely free from these objections. 
The cup or ring that supports the uterus is so small that there 
is no distension and consequently no irritation of the vagina ; 
is easily introduced and removed, and depends for its stability 
upon its connexion by a silver wire with the front pad. 

Many physicians who have long had insuperable objections 
to any internal uterine supporter, have at once had their objec- 
tions removed on examining this, and after a few trials, have 
become enthusiastic advocates of it It has been, in our hands, 
a most beneficent agent and has afforded us unbounded gratifi- 
cation on account of the comfort and happiness conferred upon 
the afflicted. 

We have no wish to forestall the judgment of the profession, 
but we do desire strongly to commend the utero-abdominal 
supporter to their attention, examination and trial. mm 



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§ utgital fhpartmsiiL 



BUSHROD W. JAMES, M. D., Editoi. 



The General Practitioner's Use of the Ophthalmoscope. 



Medical men, engaged in the active pursuit of their profes- 
sion are not disposed, as a general thing, to take much trouble 
in learning how to use new instruments or new surgical appli- 
ances, if care and patience are a requisite thereto. They are 
little aware how much they lose in the way of practical infor- 
mation, nor how far they are depriving themselves of not only 
profitable knowledge, but real pleasure thereby, for, I think no 
one will question the assertion that the mind is so constituted 
that the revelation or discovery of anything new and useful to 
it affords a pleasurable emotion to the individual. This is par- 
ticularly so in the use of the microscope, as the new observer 
looks down through it into the world of animalcule life, after 
he has mastered the use of the instrument, and I think it is 
equally as delightful to the physician who has to treat ophthal- 
mic and cerebral diseases, to master the use of this simple 
yet valuable contrivance, the ophthalmoscope, and view the 
developments of disease as exhibited upon the retina and other 
structures of the internal part of the orbit of the eye. 

I was so much pleased with some hints of J. Vose Solomon, 
Esq., in this direction, that I will quote them from the Jan. 
No. of Braiihwaiti % Retrospect : — 

" Since the fact has become generally known to physicians 
that certain cerebral diseases afford pathological signs in the 
optic nerve, which are demonstrable by the ophthalmoscope, 
and by no other means, an increased desire has arisen on the 
part of the medical profession to be able to focus the fundus 
oculi with sufficient facility and clearness to obtain a perfect 
view of its condition. 

• 



180 USE OF THE OPHTHALMOSCOPE. 

l€ Hitherto, the elementary difficulties have been such as to 
deter many physicians and some oculists from giving that 
amount of persevering labor to the method as would be crowned 
by success. It is evidently, therefore, the duty of the profes- 
sion who have acquired familiarity in the use of the ophthal- 
moscope to aid, by bridging over difficulties, in its more gen- 
eral application to the discovery of morbid phenomena. 

" Many students get so far with the instrument as to be able 
to reflect and maintain the light of the lamp upon the eye of 
the patient, to apply their own organ of vision to the aperture 
of the mirror, and to bring the convex lens to a proper distance 
in front of the observed eye, yet without obtaining a definite 
outline of the optic nerve entrance and its vessel. At this 
point, so often do they stick, that at last, after repeated trials, 
the instrument is put aside, an instance of the non posmmus. 
" The bar to further progress in such cases has its origin in 
an inability on the part of the physician to relax the accom- 
modation of his own eye to the precise degree that will permit 
of a distinct serial image of the parts named being seen by 
him. 

" I find all impediment to focussing the fundus to be at once 
overcome if the student suspends the power of accommodation 
of his right eye by the application of a four-grain solution of 
Atropia (British Pharmacopoeia) half an hour before making 
his ophthalmoscopic examination. 

"This being done, and the iris of the patient fully dilated, 
he has only, after having observed the usual rules laid down 
in ophthalmic works, to gently move his head a little backward 
or forward, as the case may be, and a complete picture of the 
optic nerve and its surroundings starts into view. 

" The physician will do well to select a case of extreme 
short sight, atrophy of the optic nerve, or a light blue normal 
eye, for his first experiment, and continue his observations 
every day. By the time the action of the atropia has subsided 
he will, if endowed with good vision and some manual tact, 
find himself master of a step in ophthalmic investigation which 
had hitherto been considered by him as insurmountable." 

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ILLUMINATION OF THE AUDITORY MEATUS. 181 

This application of the Atropia must not be understood to 
be applied to the observer's eye every time an ophthalmascopic 
examination is to be made, but only once or twice, until he 
learns well how to use the instrument. By a little practice he 
will soon hold the instrument with firmness and accuracy. 

An intense light is not absolutely necessary or even advisa- 
ble, for a flame covered with a glass chimney which is slightly 
tinged blue is found to be much more suitable for producing a 
finer vision of the parts to be examined as well as being less 
annoying to the patient. The flame, however, should be broad 
and steady and free from flickering. 



ILLUMINATION OF THE AUDITORY MEATUS. 

In examining the external auditory meatus of the adult, 
much difficulty is experienced in obtaining a proper bright 
illumination of the sides of the canal, as well as the membrana 
tympani, owing to the bony construction of the cavity, there 
being a convexity of the floor of the osseous meatus about its 
middle and a corresponding concavity of its roof, while the 
membrana tympani, instead of being drawn straight across it, 
in a perpendicular direction, hangs in an oblique manner from 
above inward and downwards, hence the difficulty of a good 
view of the parts and the necessity of some kind of speculum 
to assist in making a thorough examination. Many kinds of 
instruments for this purpose have been made, from the simple 
conical and funnel-shaped silver speculum up to a contrivance 
so complicated that a surgical instrument maker himself can 
hardly replace the pieces when once taken apart. I noticed 
one such while in Paris. In one of the surgical cutlery estab- 
lishments of that city a salesman was detailed to show me the 
new improvements and recent inventions in that line of busi- 
ness. All went on well until he came to an ear speculum of 
curious construction, but the mode of using it he failed to 
demonstrate, after considerable perplexity over it. He finally 
called one of the members of the firm, who succeeded no bet- 
ter than himself, and the several pieces ot the mechanism were 
thrown promiscuously into the case, and some other apparatus 
taken up for demonstration to me. 



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X88 MYBINGOMYKOSIS. 

The simpler the instrument the better is the result obtained, 
as a general rule. When direct sunlight can not be obtained, 
I have for a long time been in the habit of taking the bi-convex 
lens out of my ophthalmascope case and applying it near the 
ear, so concentrate the rays of light at such a distance from 
the membrane that a clear but not intense light will be diffused 
over the surface to be examined, the meatus being of course 
straightened in the usual way with an ordinary speculum or by 
pulling the outer ear backwards and pressing at the same time 
the targus forward with another finger of the same hand, and 
with this simple mode of procedure, 1 obtain as clear a light 
as is needed for all practical purposes. In children the specu- 
lum will not often be required and in infants probably never, 
from the fact that in the former the osseous meatus is but par- 
tially formed, while in the latter it is absent, the cartilaginous 
and membranous canal only being found. 

In exploring the meatus, therefore, two points will be borne 
in mind ; in the first place to straighten the canal and dilate 
the membranous portion, and secondly, to throw as much clear 
light as possible into the cavity, an object which I think the 
double convex lens will be found to greatly assist in bringing 
about, as well in other hands as it has in mine. 



MTBINOOMYKOSIS. 



I am not at all partial to long names in either surgery or 
medicine, but such is the title under which Dr. R. Wreden, of 
St. Petersburg calls attention to some vegetable parasites, 
sometimes found in the external meatus of the ear. 

The half-yearly compend says: — "Three cases have previ- 
ously been reported of mushroom growth in the ear : In 1844, 
by Mayer ; in 1851, by Pacini ; and in 1865, by Schwartze. 
These were of the aspergillus species, as determined by bota- 
nists. The six observed by the author were also parasites of 
the aspergillus glaucus variety. The affection simulates inflam- 
mation of the external auditory canal, and the appearance 
somewhat resembles depositions of cholesterine. The micro- 
scope, however, exhibits no cholesterine, but on the contrary, 
numerous long mushroom tubes, with roundish spores. 



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REMOVAL OF FOREIGN BODIES FROM THE TRACHEA. 188 

The auditory canals were about half filled with a white larda- 
ceous mass. This was removed with forceps after syringing had 
failed. The epithelium of the membrana tympani and canal 
was then found to be removed ; the cutis was dark red and 
swollen ; malleolus and light spot on the membrana tympani 
were not visible. There was, of course, loss of hearing and 
tinnitus auriura, dependent on the closure of the canal and 
pressure on the drum." 

It seems that either a solution of carbonate of soda, an 
alcoholic solution of tannin, or lead-water alone, applied locally 
for a few days, destroys the parasitic membrane, after which 
the inflammation that remains after this is removed will require 
treatment as any other inflammatory process, according to the 
symptoms then found. It is but rarely met with, however, 
still it is not unlikely that other forms may be found. 



REMOVAL OF FOREIGN BODIES FROX THE TRACHEA. 



One of the most perplexing cases that the general practi- 
tioner is called to, is where his patient has by some untoward 
accident got into the trachea a foreign body that will not be- 
come dislodged by all the efforts he is able to make, while the 
coughing, struggling and strangling sufterer, is imploring him 
for instant relief. If the case had been one of strangulated 
hernia or one needing amputation, how plain and simple would 
have been the remedy, for in such cases ample rules for opera- 
ting are laid down for him, but in this instance all is haste and 
he fears tracheotomy will not help him, or he may not have the 
requisite surgical instruments at hand. The case is extremely 
urgent, and he must do something at once to relieve it A 
method well worth remembering, that is claimed will relieve 
speedily, is noticed in the Philadelphia Halt- Yearly Compend 
of Medical Science, and proposed by Dr. J. McDowell. That 
of " relaxing the vocal cords and widening the chink of the 
glottis." This mode of procedure is somewhat as follows : The 
body being inverted, and the head thrown back, in order to 
increase the anterior convexity of the neck, and thereby form 
a support for the cricoid cartilage, the patient is directed to 

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lSj, NASAL KMLYFI. 

take a deep inspiration. The projecting angle of the thyroid 
cartilage is then firmly pressed backward, by which simple 
manoeuvre the space through which the body has to pass is 
widened, and at the same time the chest is suddenly and forci- 
bly compressed by means of a broad bandage." It is a very 
practicable procedure, and should at least be given a good fair 
trial before resorting to the knife. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Obserrer.} 
NASAI, POLYPI. 

BT JOHN B. JAMBS, M. D., PHILADELPHIA., PA. 



This subject is an old and often treated one, yet it is not, we 
trust, without the pale of interest or improvement. The fre- 
quency of obstructions in the nasal passages make it often a 
difficult task to diagnose whether they result from a polyp, from 
a thickened condition of the mucous membrane covering the 
lower turbinated bone, caused by a foreign body or chronic 
ulcer, or from a deformed nasal septum. 

Each of the above-mentioned conditions may be and have 
been mistaken, the one for the other, owing, at certain stages, 
to the similarity of the symptoms and the appearance of the 
various obstructions. There are two varieties of nasal polyps, 
as generally met with, viz : the fibroid and gelatinoid. The 
former occurs at any period in life, is usually found in but one 
nostril at a time, and presents a dark red or purple appearance. 
The gelatinoid is by far the most common. It occurs mostly 
about the age of forty, though it may appear at any period of 
life. It has a light, shiny look, very much like that of an oys- 
ter. It expands or increases in foggy or wet weather, and 
shrinks in size in dry. Both forms are more frequently met 
with in males than females. The symptoms similar to those 
produced by other kinds of nasal stoppages are, sense of weight 
or fullness in one or both nostrils, the nose feels as though some 
fleshy substance were in it, interrupting the transmission of air. 
He uses his handkerchief very often, endeavoring to blow it 
out. The voice becomes more or less affected and changed to 
an indistinct or nasal sound ; sleeps with head thrown back, 

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NASAL POLYPI. 185 

with loud snoring, as in enlarged tonsils ; blowing of the nose is 
difficult, and during such efforts the contents are forcibly thrown 
into the fauces ; the sense of smell is slightly impaired at first, 
and as the disease increases, it is frequently entirely destroyed. 
The discharge attending it is at first slight and of a mucous 
character. If the tumor is very large it may produce lachry- 
mation by pressure upon the nasal duct, or partial deafness by 
encroachment upon the eustachian tube. The only true char- 
acteristic sign for a diagnosis is seeing of feeling it, when its 
true character can also be determined. 

The treatment most generally employed, is forcible removal by 
means of the forceps or the noose. This mode, beside exciting 
the horror which so many people have, to the use of any kind 
of surgical instrument, has also the objection of affording, as 
a rule, but temporary relief, the tumor returning several times 
during a life-time, or it may be every few weeks. The want of 
success that has attended the local application of remedial 
agents or drugs, as hitherto reported, I think is owing to the 
Burgeon or physician failing to apply it himself, and instead 
thereof, trusting to the patient snuffing it up, which in a major- 
ity of cases does not reach the place intended, or the patient may 
but imperfectly snuff it in, on account of the irritant proper- 
ties of the drug that may have to be used ; hence only partial 
relief is obtained. 

The patient should be seated, with his head thrown back, 
when a quill or other cylindrical tube, in one end of which 
is contained some of the drug in a finely-pulverized state, 
is inserted into the affected cavity, with the end containing the 
powder as near the growth as possible without coming in contact 
with it or the surrounding parts ; then, while the patient is 
holding his breath, the surgeon guides and steadies with his 
hand the tube and blows through it, and thus scatters the pow- 
der over the whole polypus. This repeated thrice, at intervals 
of from three to seven days, as the case may require, is sufficient 
to effect a radical cure. 

Freshly-powdered Sanguinaria canadensis root has, in my 
hands, proved to be one of the best remedies, if not the best, 
that can be applied in this way. It is an old remedy, and has 

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186 REDUCTION OP DISLOCATED INFERIOR MAXILLARY 

been used with varied success for many years. But whenever 
care has been taken to get the root fresh, as well as to the mode 
of application, it has never failed to give the utmost satisfac- 
tion. 

I will here cite one example from practice. A young lady, 
A. H , came under my care in October, 1866, with obstruc- 
tion of the left nostril, which was increasing in size. In damp 
weather it swelled the nose externally, as well as the left cheek. 
Upon examination I found a gelatinoid tumor of considerable 
size, but easy of access. I proposed immediate removal of it 
with the forceps, to which she strongly objected. I then 
applied the powdered Sanguinaria as above and in ten days she 
reported herself entirely cured. A few days ago I saw her and 
there was not the slightest indication of its return. When the 
growth is very large it is sometimes necessary to forcibly remove 
it, and then, if this local application, as stated, be used twice 
thereafter, a temporary relief is converted into a certain cure. 

Dr. Thos. Bryant, of Guy's Hospital, London, reports, after 
an experience of three or four years, very favorably of Tannin, 
used in the same way, or as a snuff. I have a case of long 
standing growth in which I am now using the Tannin with 
great promise of success. 

The tincture of the Chloride of Iron, the Bichromate of 
Potash pulverized, and many other articles, have been recom- 
mended, but experience fails to bear them up. I believe that 
with a little more care on the part of my professional brethren 
the practice of forcible extraction will become almost unneces- 
sary, and, what is always to be desired, an easier and more cer- 
tain cure be effected of this quite prevalent disease. 



Keduction op Dislocated Inferior Maxillary. — The eas- 
iest mode of reducing a luxation ot the lower jaw is to take 
two properly-shaped pieces of wood, or two bone-handled forks, 
and place the handles in the mouth, one on each side of the 
jaw, upon the molar teeth. Grasp the sticks or forks in such 
a way thai some degree of pressure can be made with them, 
while the thumbs catcb the angles of the jaw. Then direct 
the patient to open his mouth as wide as possible, during which 
effort downward pressure is to be made upon the molars with 
the handles, thus depressing the whole bone at once, while the 
thumbs make slight traction at the angles. Then, as the 
mouth is closed, the pressure and traction are removed and the 
condylos will be found to have slipped back into the glenoid 
cavity, and the dislocation is at an end. 



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jlatma DJiMta. 



PROP. EDWIN M. HALE, Edito*. 



[For the Amerioan Homoeopathic Obeerrer.] 
POLYPORUS OFITCINAUS. 

(Continued from page 121.) 

Case 5. — John C, a brother of the last-mentioned patient, a dis- 
charged soldier, was attacked with quotidian ague about ten days 
afterwards. There were not any marked characteristic symptoms, as 
far as I was able to discover. The case was like hundreds of others. 
The chill, fever and sweating all well marked, and altogether occu- 
pying five hours each day. The chill rather predominated ; thirst 
during the chill and fever. Feels pretty well during the interval ; 
looks pale and anaemic. Has diarrhoea ; the evacuations are yellow- 
ish and watery. I tried the Polyporus faithfully in this case in the 
1st dec, and in the crude form ; gave them four days in from two to 
four grain doses. I was convinced that the Polyporus would do him 
no good, having had no apparent effect upon the paroxysms. I then 
prescribed Arsenicum, 4th dec, and Podophyllum 2d dec, alternately 
every two hours. Continued this treatment four days without any 
effect, except to change the diarrhoea. I then prescribed Arsenicum 
2d dec, every two hours, till it produced nausea and distress in the 
stomach. All this did not interrupt the paroxysms in the least. I 
now was compelled to resort to Quinine or not prescribe for my 
patient again. Gave two grs. three times a day, which suppressed 
the paroxysms the second day, and occasional small doses of the 
Quinine prevented the return of the disease, and he recovered favor- 
ably every way. I once learned of a family, in which, (as their 
learned physician informed them,) there was an " idiosyncrasy 
against potatoes," perhaps in this family there was an idiosyncrasy 
against the Polyporus off. I know not how otherwise to account for 
its failure in these cases, the only ones of a similar character in 
which it has failed in my hands. 

Case 6. — Mr. Johnson, of medium height, dark complexion ; rather 
slender, and I suspect predisposed to consumption. For several 
weeks he has had a fever, coming on sometimes every day and some- 
times every other day, generally in the morning and lasting nearly all 
day. The fever is not high, just enough to say fever; has little or no 
chill ; not much thirst ; no sweat. Sometimes in the course of the 
fever the skin would become moist and clammy ; tongue coated 
white ; bowels regular. Has headache most of the time in the occip- 
ital region, running down the back of the neck ; is dull and spirit- 
less ; not obliged to go to bed in the daytime ; is listless about tho 
house ; not disposed to any exertion or conversation. Polyporus, 1st 
dec, two grs. every three hours, removed the fever, headache and 



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188 POLYPOBUS OFFICINALIS. 

other symptoms effectually and permanently in two days. I should 
have mentioned that the case had been previously domestically 
treated with Aconite, Bryonia, and some other remedies, without 
benefit. 

Case 7.— Mrs. C, an old lady, set 76, highly nervous and excitable, 
but enjoys tolerable good health usually for one of her age. After 
some days of general feeling of illness, accompanied by what 
seemed to have been neuralgic pains in the head, chest and bowels, 
she had a severe chill at night in bed, soon followed by high fever, 
with determination of blood to the head ; excessive pain in the head 
with delirium. This continued until 6 a. m., when the fever and 
pain passed off, with slight moisture of the skin. With the exception 
of feeling weak, she was comfortable all the following day, and 
thought she was going to get well. Forty-eight hours, however, 
brought back the chill aud fever with increased severity, when I 
was called to her side, Oct. 9. The chill had lasted about an hour 
and now the fever was raging at a fearful rate; pulse full, bounding 
132 to the minute ; carotids visibly pulsating ; face flushed ; skin 
very dry and hot, violent delirium and jactitation I prescribed 
Grelseminum tine, one drop in water every twenty minutes during 
the fever, and Polyporus 1st dec, two grs. every three hours during 
the apyrexia. The fever continued about two hours after first giving 
the medicine, and seemed to increase even till about that time, when 
all at once the skin became moist, and in a few minutes she was 
bathed in a profuse perspiration, and the fever rapidly subsided. The 
Polyporus now was given according to the directions for forty-eight 
hours, when the chill and fever again returned ; although with less 
violence, and occupying less time than the first one ; continued same 
treatment. The next paroxysm was lighter still ; same treatment. 
The third and last paroxysm after treatment was commenced was 
Still lighter, and occurred on the third day from the last, having been 
deferred one day longer than usual. The Polyporus was continued 
four days longer, first two days every three hours, last two every 
four hours. No further chill or fever appeared. Convalescence was 

frompt and rapid. I consider this one of the most satisfactory cures 
ever made. The effect of the medicine was very apparent. I 
should have mentioned that the bowels remained very regular during 
treatment. 

Case 8. — Oct. 10. Mrs. P. came for prescription for a child, and 
incidentally inquired if I had anything that would cure the ague. 
She had a young lady friend who has had the ague daily for six 
weeks, and nothing could break it. She could not give any particulars 
about the case. I gave the fifteen powders of the 1st of the Poly- 
porus off., one to be taken every two hours. The case was cured 
most promptly by this one prescription. 

Case 9. — Willie S., a large child, three years old. Has fever and 
sweat every day. Fever not high ; no chills. Is languid and inac- 
tive. Tongue coated white ; bowels costive. Sometimes the fever 
skips one or two days, but he is not well at any time ; is very thirsty. 
Tried Nux. Ars. Santonine, Mercurius, with no benefit. I then gave 



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POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS. 189 

the Polyporus 1st, two grs. every three hours. This improved the 
little fellow 's condition greatly in one week, when he became sud- 
denly worse. Gave Quinine, which cured hira. 

Case 10. — Mr. B. says his wife has the ague every other day, bad. 
Don't know anything about the fever and sweat ; knows she has chills. 
" If there is anything that will knock it he wants it." Gave him 
Polyporus, 1st two grs. every three hours for three days. Saw him a 
fortnight afterwards ; he says, " Those powders did the business ; 
she's all right." 

Case 11. — Mr. N.'s little daughter, set 7, has tertian ague; has 
cbills and fever ; no sweat. I did not see her. Gave Polyporus, 1st 
dec, one grain every third hour for three days. Cured the case 
promptly. 

Case 12. — Mr. B's little girl, set 11. Has had some form of inter- 
mittent fever every fall for three years. Has generally been sick 
several weeks, and sometimes her life has been despaired of. They 
hoped she would escape this fall, but now, November 1st, the same 
symptoms which preceded her other attacks begin to appear, viz : 
slight chills and flashes of fever, for two days with headache and 
flushed cheeks ; loss of appetite; tongue furred; bowels costive. 
Gave Polyporus three days, when the child was perfectly well, and 
her mother says it saved her a serious illness. 

I have prescribed the Polyporus off. empirically in a few other cases 
only, and generally with satisfactory results. The cases given above 
afford a very fair representation of its operation in my hands. There 
is no doubt of its efficacy in modifying and curing certain forms of 
bilious miasmatic diseases, but what the characteristic indications for 
it are I have not iu my limited experience been able to determine. 

CASES TREATED BY DR. L. HUBBELL, OP ANARGA, ILL. 

W. H. Burt, M. D. — Dear Doctor : Professional press of business 
this fall has prevented me from keeping a daily record of cases 
treated with the Polyporus off. I will relate a few cases from 
memory, besides giving you a general review of the effect of the 
remedy in my hands. 

For many weeks I prescribed the Polyporus off., first and foremost 
in the majority of cases treated by me, until my supply was exhausted. 
I can say this, that very few cases returned for a renewal of prescrip- 
tion. I prescribed the Polyporus from twenty to thirty times a day, 
while it lasted, and I do not remember of a failure to arrest an ague 
in one case in ten. 

Case 13. — Mr. P., aet 45. Plethoric and robust habit ; sanguine 
temperament. Was attacked with very severe bilious intermittent 
fever. Chills long, lasting nearly two hours ; fever very high. An- 
ticipating type. In three days had four very hard chills. Had taken 
some homoeopathic remedies from his case. I was called to see him 
the fourth day of his attack, when he was suffering from a severe 
chill that had lasted thirteen hours ; symptoms at present were an 
icy coldness from the hips to the feet ; superior part of the 
body generally congested, followed by very high fever and ex- 
cessive thirst ; violent headache and delerium ; tongue very red 



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i 



190 POLTPORUS OFFICINALIS. 

and coated brownish. Gave Aconite, 1st dec, 20 drops in a gill of 
water ; dose every fifteen minutes. In five hours the fever had dis- 
appeared. I then gave Polyporus, 1st dec, 3 grs. every three hours. 
No return of any chills for twenty-one days, when they returned, 
but were very mild. My experience is that in congestive chills 
homoeopathic remedies are all sufficient in curing without resorting 
to large doses of sulphate of Quinine. My main reliance has been 
Aconite, Bell., Ars., and Camphor, according as the case presents. I 
have had no failure in seventeen cases. While in St. Louis, two 
years ago, many of my brethren stated they feared to trust to any- 
thing but large doses of Quinine. My observation is that in conges- 
tive ohilts there is much less liability to a succession of chills than in 
ordinary intermittents. My experience with the Polyporus in other 
fevers than intermittents has been very limited, too little to report, 
but in bilious intermittents it is a remedy of the first class. My 
memory recalls one case where I prescribed the Polyporus, with a 
very marked aggravation of the symptoms, so much so that I had to 
withhold the medicine for a while. 

Dr. E. Cooly, of St. Cloud, Minn., in a letter to me, May 10th, 
1865, gave the following clinical case. Since then I have not heard 
from him. He then promised to make a good proving of the Poly- 
porus, which I hope he will not forget. 

Case 14. — A returned soldier, set 32, has had the ague for the last 
three months ; chill and shake every morning at from 9 to 1 1 a. m., 
followed by a high fever all day and profuse perspiration at night, 
with severe pains in the head, back and limbs ; yawning and stretch- 
ing almost constantly ; tongue coated yellow ; bitter taste in the 
mouth. Nothing tastes good, but wants to eat all the time ; very 
thirsty ; watery stools every half hour and hour. Face and eyes 
very much jaundiced ; dry cough during the chills. Gave Polyporus 
off. 3d trit., one grain* every three hours. The next day the chill and 
fever was much less. Continued same remedy. Second day, no chill, 
but slight fever. Continued same treatment. Third day, no chill or 
fever. Gave same remedy every six hours for two days. The pa- 
tient's bowels moved once a day perfectly natural ; jaundice had 
nearly all gone ; appetite natural, and he felt well. In this case the 
remedial powers of the Polyporus off. are so clearly marked that the 
greatest sceptic could not doubt them. The letter was written three 
weeks after the cure and the patient still enjoyed the best of health. 

My friend Prof E. C. Franklin, of St. Louis, Mo., has furnished me 
the following excellent report : 

REPORT OF CASES TREATED IN CAVALRY BUREAU HOSPITAL, 8T. LOUIS, 
MO., BY E. C. FRANKLIN, M.D., SURGEON IN CHARGE. 

Case 15. — Ferdinand Nestel, ®t 33, admitted into hospital April 
15, with the following symptoms : Has a chill every second day, 
followed with slight fever ; pain in the head and bowels. Patient 
had an attack of intermittent fever last fall, but was not treated in 
hospital ; pulse 96, full and bounding ; bowels constipated. Ordered 
Podophyllum 1st, five grs., to be followed in six hours with Polyporus 
1st, three grs. every three hours. 



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POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS. 191 

April 17. — Patient escaped his chill to-day pulse soft and regular, 
76. Continued medicine. 

April 19. — Patient is well and returned to duty cured. 

Case 16. — Nicholas Gunn, aged 45 years ; admitted into hospital 
April 11, with the following symptoms: Had a severe chill, followed 
with high fever ; pain in the head ; pulse 112 ; skin hot and dry ; 
tongue furred ; secretions diminished. Had an Attack of intermit- 
tent fever, which continued eight months, with relapses every two or 
three weeks, while at work in the city. Ordered Gelseminum tine, 
25 drop in a tumbler two-thirds full of water, tablespoon ful every half 
hour during invasion of the fever, then to bo followed by Polyporus 
1st, trit., three grs. every three hours. 

April 12. — Patient experienced a paroxysm of intermittent fever, 
lasting a halt hour, followed by a smart fever. — C. T. 

April 13. — Another paroxysm to-day, but much less than the one 
yesterday. Continued same medicine as before. 

April 14. — Another paroxysm to-day, but very mild and much 
later. Ordered Polyporus, 3d trit. Discontinued the Gelseminum. 

April 15. — The chill and fever much diminished in force, and 
occurring later in the day. — 0. T. 

April 16. — Chill so slight as hardly to be perceptible. — C. T. 

April 17. — Patient escaped the chill entirely to-day. — C. T. 

April 18.— No chill.— C. T. 

April 20. — Patieut convalescent. Medicine discontinued. 

April 22. — Patient reports himself well ; discharged from hospital. 
Cured. 

A large number of patients, at least thirty cases, similar to the 
above, were treated with the Polyporus off., and occasionally other 
remedies, as demanded by the circumstance, with the same good re- 
sults as mentioned in the record of the preceding. I do not know of 
a single case where a relapse occurred ; at least none presented 
themselves to the hospital for treatment. 

The same uniform success was witnessed in my private practice 
during the year 1864 and '65, with even more rapid cures than those 
recorded; but strange to say, the succeeding year, 1866, furnished 
me little or no evidence of the efficacy of Polyporus, although I admin- 
istered the remedy in its various attenuations. To such an extent 
did the remedy fail me that I abandoned its use altogether, and sub- 
stituted other remedies. Whether the failure depended upon some 
climatio peculiarity, or inertness of the remedy from exposure to 
light and air, it is impossible for me to say. I made use of the 
remedy in trituration, and employed the ordinary precautions for its 
preservation. The remedy used in 1866 was one and a-half years 
old, and was the first consignment forwarded me for trial. 

William H. Holcombe, M. D., of New Orleans, Louisiana., has 
furnished me with the following evidence for and against the use of 
the Polyporus off. in intermittent fever : 

" I have used the Polyporus in a good many cases of intermittent 
fever and of chronic dysentery and diarrhoea, and make the follow- 
ing brief report : 



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192 POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS. 

In fresh uncomplicated cases of intermittents I found it valueless. 
I gave the 1st dec. trituration. 

I have given it in half a dozen cases of obstinate intermittents 
with visceral derangements, anaemia, sallow skin, etc., with decided 
benefit. Still I have succeeded in each cases equally as well with 
Cimex, Cedron, and Oanchilagua low, and with Natrum, Murex, 
Arsenicum, Ipecac, Nux vom., high. We have no specific indication 
for the use of any of these remedies in those miserable cases. It is 
all at present sheer empiricism. In a subsequent letter he says : "I 
have used the Polyporus lately in two obstinate chronic eases of in- 
termittents. One was an old lady that had been suffering with the 
ague many days. The Polyporus suspended the disease for sixteen 
days. Another chill then occurred, since which time she is taking the 
Polyporus with good effect. 

The other case was daily hectic chills and fever, occurring for 
months past in a confirmed consumptive. Nothing has ever done him 
auy good. The Polyporus in a week has greatly relieved the cough 
and severity of the paroxysm. 

Dr. A. Shepherd, of Springdale, Ohio, gives me the following as his 
experience with the Polyporus off.: When I first received the remedy 
every case was cured that I gave the Polyporus to ; four or five doses 
would generally intercept the paroxysm. The cures could not have 
been more satisfactory. These were sporadic cases ; after the disease 
became epidemic it failed to give satisfaction, notwithstanding I used 
it the same as I did the first few months. I believe it better adapted 
to the treatment of chronic cases, and especially those cases that 
have beela thoroughly medicated with crude remedies. I have suc- 
ceeded in curing a large number of such cases in a short time with 
the 1st dec. trit., in from one to five grains at a dose every two and 
four hours, commencing from six to eight hours before the chill was 
expected. 

Dr. J. A. Wakeman, of Centralia, Illinois, contributes the 
following interesting items regarding the use of the Polyporus in 
fevers : — My first acquaintance with it, or rather Polyporus 
pinacola, was some twenty five years since, when I was prac- 
ticing allopathy in the north part of the State of Ohio, where it was 
extensively used in the preparation of various kinds of bitters, and 
universally used as a prophylactic in agues and fevers. It was prin- 
cipally obtained in the pine forests, on Lake Huron, near Thunder 
Bay and Saginaw Bay. My first acquaintance with the Polyporus 
off. was last spring, when I procured and used it in intermittents in 
1st dec. trit., with the most gratifying results, and felt to thank God 
and take courage; but as the warm weather came on, and the cases 
became more violent and obstinate, it failed to give such good satis- 
faction. I had previously used it in two grain doses, but thinking 
that I might succeed better with a higher trituration I carried it 
up to the* 3d, but with no better results. Recently I have again 
given it in several cases, with the most satisfactory results. 

It has done admirably in some cases of facial neuralgias of a peri- 
odical character. 



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P0LYP0BU8 OFFICINALIS. 193 

Dr. F« Rice, of Washington, Iowa, in a letter to me dated Decem- 
ber 28, says : •• Since writing you I have received a report from a 
trial of the Polyporus off., which I sent into Keokuk County some 
time ago, for the cure of a case of fever and ague. Yesterday the 
father of the patient called and told me the medicine cured the boy 
that had been having the ague a long time. He had only one slight 
paroxysm after taking the first dose. His wife took some of the 
medicine sent for the ague and was also cured. They wanted an* 
other bottle of the ague cure. I gave the 2d dec. trit. I shall 
make further trial of the medicine. 

Wm. A. Scott, M.D., of Covington, Kentucky, gives a case of ob- 
stinate intermittent fever cured by the Polyporus off., in the Ameri- 
can Homceopathist, (vol. II., p. 29.): 

" July 22, 1866, called to Mrs. A., age 24. Found her suffering 
with the usual symptoms of ' intermittent ' in rather an aggravated 
form. This patient has been harassed with this ' fever/ Quinine, 
Calomel, Opium, and old-school physicians, for about three years ; 
chills, fever and sweat every other day ; severe thirst in all the 
stages ; a thirst between the paroxysms ; nothing would remain on 
the stomach ; the smallest quantity of water would make her sick ; 
no appetite ; extremely nervous ; soreness in the lower part of the 
chest, which, when pressed upon ever so little would greatly increase 
the pain in her head ; pain in the back, and " aching of the bones ;" 
pulse 110 ; restless, and slightly delirious. Gave her Polyporus, 1st 
dec. trit., one grain every two hours. 

July 23. — Still thirsty ; double the dose. July 24.— A little bad 
feeling, but no chill ; great diminution of thirst ; could drink cold 
water freely ; appetite very good ; increased the dose to about five 
grains. July 26. — Called to see Mrs. A. again ; she came running 
in, exclaiming, " I'm well, Doctor I'm well now ; feel better than 
ever I felt before, after getting over the chills." I will just add that 
this is the first time I have used Polyporus, and it produced no un* 
pleasant symptoms in the case, but everything about it seemed to be 
curative in a most righteous and happy manner. Other triturations 
or tinctures might have done as well, but they could not have done 
much better. N. B. — Although this substance is very bitter, Mrs. 
A.'s very irritated stomach never refused it, and every atom that went 
down her throat went down never to return. 

B. E. W. Adams, M. D., of Springfield, Illinois, writes me 
that last fall he procured some of the tincture and also some of the 
trituration of the Polyporus off. He says : " I tried it faithfully in 
the different preparations, in almost every variety of intermittent, 
and it failed to cure any of the oases, or to modify them in the 
least. 

Dr. W. 0. Blaisdell, of Macomb, 111., wrote me last fall that he 
had tried the Polyporus off. in two oases unsuccessfully. He gives 
no symptoms. 

Dr. Garnsey, of Batavia, 111., gave the Polyporus off. in 12 oases 
of intermittent fever, and only oured two of them. He says : " The 
trial has not been very satisfactory, and does not leave me with a 
16 



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194 POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS. 

very exalted opinion of the drug." It is rather singular that the 
Doctor should have such poor success with the remedy, while Dr. 
Lord, only a few miles from him, cured every case but two where he 
used it 

I have now faithfully given all the testimony for and against the 
use of the Polyporus officinalis in intermittent fever that 1 have re* 
oeived. I regret it is so small. I furnished medicine to a large 
number of physicians, who had promised not only to give olinical 
cases but to prove the drug also. They have failed to report so far. 
I hope they will send their reports to the American Homoeopathic 
Observer, so that we can learn all the facts possibly about the remedy. 

I will now give my own clinical experience. 

The first six months I commenced using the polyporus I had uni- 
versal success with it. Gave the remedy in more than 100 cases 
with but five failures. The cases where it failed were four of them 
tertian type, one quotidian, a desperate case, that tried me three 
months. Could only suppress it for one or two weeks at best, when 
it would return again. Last fall, when intermittent fever became an 
epidemic, and raged mostly everywhere, my polyporus commenced 
failing me. I could not cure more than one case out of five. I 
finally abandoned its use altogether for three months, then I com- 
menced using it again with the same universal success that I had at 
first. I am using the remedy now, with the best results. 

The cases that the polyporus will give us the best satisfaction in 
are those of long standing that have been thoroughly saturated with 
Quinine, and all kinds of remedies ; where there is more or less or- 
ganic lesions of the liver and abdominal viscera, with anaemia ; sal- 
low, jaundiced appearance of the skin ; the bowels loose or torpid ; 
but does better if the bowels are costive. Type quotidian, or tertian ; 
acts better in quotidians. During the apyrexia the patient is far 
from being well ; has headache ; bitter taste in the mouth ; tongue 
coated white or yellow, or may be anaemic ; loss of appetite ; more 
or less pains in the abdominal viscera, and especially the liver. Is 
very languid ; may or may not perspire after the paroxysm ; if he 
perspires very profusely it is rather against the remedy. Also I have 
noticed in those cases where the patient perspires a good deal during 
the fever the polyporus will have but little if any effect upon the dis- 
ease. If the food passes the patient undigested the polyporus is 
strongly called for, and will cure the lientery like magic. Those cases 
where the patient seems to have almost continued fever ; the inter- 
missions are very short, can hardly be noticed, the fever is not very 
high, the remedy in my hands has acted like a charm. In acute 
cases : I have had the best results with the remedy in quotidians, 
where the fever lasted a long time, might almost be called a remitt- 
ent fever ; during the apyrexia the patient feels very ill, with 
loss of appetite or canine hunger; has more or less gastric 
symptoms, with dull headache and great languor. During the par- 
oxysm has more or less gastric symptoms ; may or may not vomit ; 
has severe headache, with pains in the- back and limbs. The chill is 
generally light and short, the fever of long duration, and followed by 



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POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS. 195 

perspiration, but not profusely ; may or may not want water during 
the chill and fever; but not during the sweat ; never craves water in- 
tensely during the paroxysm, like they do in fevers that call for Ar- 
senicum. If the patient has a hard chill, strong fever, and profuse 
perspiration, has no gastric symptoms, and gets up as soon as the 
sweat is over, feeling well, the polyporus will not cure him ; at least 
that is my experience. In sporadic cases the type may be quotidian 
or tertian, but better in quotidians, the remedy will be found to be 
one of the best now known to the profession, ranking equally with 
quinine, but when intermittent fever becomes epidemic and rages 
over large sections of the country the polyporus cannot be depended 
upon. If the patient is more or less jaundiced it is a good indication 
for the polyporus. Also I have noticed that in consumptive patients 
the remedy will cure most every form of intermittent fever that 
they may have. If the patient has a bilious temperament it is a 
strong indication for its use. I have given it with excellent 
success in double quotidians. I think that the remedy will act better 
if the paroxysm comes on in the forepart of the day ; if it comes on 
in the evening or at night I have not had such good results from its 
use ; acts best in the spring, summer and winter ; acts poorly 
during the fall. 

I have now given some of the indications that call for the use of 
the polyporus in that perplexing and dreaded disease, intermittent 
fever. I will now note down our real anti-miasmatic remedies, com- 
mencing with the most valuable, and ending with those the least. 
The remedies that possess real anti-miasmatic properties, so far as 
known yet, are but few. Quinine, Polypori, Arsenicum, Ipecacuanha, 
Nux vomica, Gelseminum, Apis mellifica, Eupatorium perfoliatum, 
Cedron, the web of the Black Spider, Salicine, Oornine, Caffeine, 
Ostrya virginioa and Ptelia trifoliata. With the two last-named my 
experience has not been large enough to enable me to give 
them their right place, but both remedies have undoubted anti-mias- 
matic powers, especially the active principle of the Ostrya virginica 
(Ostryine). Water undoubtedly possesses anti-periodic properties. 
See M. Braohet's case in Wood's Practice, and witness the many 
beautiful cures of intermittent fever made almost daily by water. To 
those must be added a few antipsorics, such as Sulphur, Natrum muri- 
aticum, Carbo vegetabilis, Pulsatilla, and Ferrum. The above-men- 
tioned remedies are about all that contain real anti-miasmatic quali- 
ties. Bow shall they be given ? My experience has taught me that 
the more acute the case the stronger must be the remedy. Also, 
during great epidemics of intermittent fever the low dilutions are 
our only standards. In ohronic cases the medium and higher dilu- 
tions will be found far superior to the lower. I would here say a 
word against the barbarous method of giving the sulphate of quinine 
in twenty grain doses in intermittents. It is never necessary, even 
in the most malignant cases, to give such large doses. Three or four 
grains, every three or four hours is the most that ever should be 
given, and generally the case can be cured with the triturations. In 
congestive intermittents the Quinine should be given by subcutaneous 
injection, instead of large doses by the stomach. 



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196 POLYPOBUS OFFICINALIS. 

Case 17.— Intermittent fever; type quotidian. Mrs. C, set 20; 
nervo-bilious temperament ; nursing a babe ; Jan. 5, ten days since, 
commenced to have the ague ; every day would have a ehill at 2 p.m., 
lasting from one to two hours, followed by fever all the afternoon, and 
slight perspiration at night. Four days ago it left her for two days. 
Yesterday had a slight ehill in the morning, followed by fever until 
2 p. m., when she had a severe ohill lasting until 6 p. m., followed by 
high fever until to-day 2. p. m., when another ohill came on. Has se- 
vere frontal headache ; great pain across and in the elbows and knees. 
The pain in the hips is very severe ; eyes feeling as if they had scalding 
water in them; tongue 4 coated white, and feeling like leather, but 
is moist ; no appetite ; bowels regular ; the stools are dark-colored ; 
urine thick and high-colored ; craves cold water, but cannot drink it, 
it distresses her stomach so much ; eyes, face and body very much 
jaundiced ; pulse 130, full and bounding. Gave polyporus off. 2 grs. 
of the 1st trit., every two hours. In each powder I put two drops of 
Verat. viride, to control the fever. 6. — Feeling better ; slept most of 
the night ; perspired a good deal ; fever all gone. Continued same 
treatment, leaving out the Verat. v. 4 p.m., had a slight ohill, for half 
an hour, followed by fever for three hours, then slight perspiration. 
7. — Good deal better ; continued same treatment ; no fever to-day, 
but sweat profusely at night, feeling very weak ; has been compelled 
to keep her bed for the last three days ; beginning to have an appe- 
tite ; feels very irritable; does not speak a pleasant word ; has a slight 
dry cough to-day ; says she feels sore all over, as if she had been 

Jounded ; bowels very costive ; have not moved for three days. Gave 
Bryonia. 8. — Much better ; cough not near as frequent ; but she is 
in a great stew about her bowels ; knows inflammation of the bowels 
will set in if she does not have a passage. I ordered an injeotion of 
water to be taken. No, she would rather die than use a syringe. I 
found I would lose my patient if I would not let her take a cathartic, 
so I ordered oil, which gave her great satisfaction. Gave Nux and 
Merc. sol. In four days found her still improving, but her bowels 
were still costive. Gave Nux and Podophyllum for a week, which 
completed the cure. 1 believe the Polyporus produced the obstinate 
constipation in this case ; her bowels were regular when she com* 
menced its use, and she was not troubled with torpid bowels bofore. 
Case 18. — Intermittent fever ; type, tertian. Mrs. B., set 20; ner- 
vous temperament. Dec. 18. — For the last three weeks has not been 
feeling well ; no appetite ; bowels costive, with a feeling of great 
debility ; for the last week, every other day, about noon, her back, 
but especially her legs, would pain her so severely that she could 
not refrain from crying ; had no real marked chill, but had slight 
fever all the afternoon, with perspiration at night, but her greatest 
* trouble was the great pain in her legs ; the whole of her legs ached, 
but more especially the knees and ankles ; the pain seemed to be 
deep in the bones. Gave Polyporus off. Had but one paroxysm af* 
ter commencing the remedy. The ague returned in two weeks, but 
was checked after the first paroxysm, with the same remedy, and did 
not return again* 



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POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS. 197 

Case 19. — Intermittent fever ; type, quotidian ; Mrs. L., set 35'; 
bilious temperament. For the last two months has not felt well ; 
two weeks since commenced to have the ague ; has continued everj 
day since ; comes on every day at 3 p. if. At first the chill would 
last for two hours, but now she can just notice it ; has a constant 
headache, very much worse during the paroxysm ; great pain in the 
small of the back and all the long bones ; tongue coated yellow, with 
red, dry tip ; constant bitter taste in the mouth ; perfect loss of ap- 
petite ; nausea and severe vomiting during each chill ; sometimes 
vomits blood ; has a great deal of colicky pain in the hypogastric re* 
gion ; enlargement of the spleen, with constant pain in it ; bowels 
costive ; stools black color. Hat) a high fever until midnight, and 
then perspires profusely ; the sweat turns her clothes yellow ; her 
face, eyes and body are very much jaundiced ; very weak ; keeps her 
bed most of the time ; is nursing a babe. Gave Polyporus 2nd, two 
grs. every two hours. 26. — Is much better ; had a slight paroxysm 
just at dark, but did not vomit. Had a chill early in the morning ; 
lasted most of the day ; chilly whenever she would move ; vomited 
a number of times. Gave Polyporus 1st dec. 28. — Feeling better ; 
head does not ache; some appetite, but is chilly whenever she moves ; 
vomited several times throughout the day ; had no fever. Gave Ipecac. 
29 — Better ; sweat a good deal at night ; is not chilly to-day. 
Gave Ipecac and Arsenicum, which completed the cure. This was a 
very hard case, and the polyporus acted as well as could be desired in 
it. The gastrio symptoms in cases like this must be contested by 
Ipecac. 

Case 20. — Intermittent fever ; type, quotidian. Mrs. K., sat 45 ; 
bilious temperament. Nov. 2. — For the last four days has had fever 
every afternoon, but has had no chill or sweat until yesterday ; had a 
chill that lasted two hours ; drinks a good deal of water during the 
fever ; dizzy when walking; nausea every day ; vomited yesterday 
at night ; has a constant burning distress in the upper sternal region ; 
hard headache ; bowels costive. Ordered an injection of water, to 
move the bowels. Gave 30 drops of the 3d dilution of polyporus in 
half a glass of water, dessert spoonful every two hours. She steadily 
improved under this treatment, having but two paroxysms afterwards. 

Case 21. — Intermittent fever; type, quotidian. Mr. A., ast 37 ; 
has been in the army three years, and had the ague a number of 
times ; took Quinine in large quantities to break it ; had diarrhoea for 
the last six months, with the ague every few weeks ; was finally dis- 
charged from the army, not being able to do duty. Has had the ague 
now the last six weeks, with the diarrhoea ; has no chill, but every 
morning his back and limbs aohe badly ; it is followed by a slight 
fever all day, and perspires slightly at night; is very pale and* 
anaemic ; tongue furred white ; has from two to four stools a day of 
a yellow color, and about the consistence of cream ; no pain. Is very 
weak ; keeps his bed most of the day ; is completely discouraged ; has 
had a homoeopathic physician treating him the last two weeks. Gave 
polyporus 1st, dec, every two hours for two days, when I called and 
found him very much improved. His bowels moved twice yesterday 

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198 POIiYPOBUS OFFICINALIS, 

and not at all since ; no fever to-day. Continued same remedy 
every three hoars for two days, and then every four hoars for two 
days, when the cure was complete, he having had but one paroxysm 
after commencing the polyporas. It not only cured the fever bat the 
diarrhoea also. I never made a more satisfactory cure. 

Case 22. — Intermittent fever ; type quotidian. Nellie — ; tem- 
perament nervous. For the last five days every morning would com- 
plain of pain in the stomach, which soon would be followed by fever 
that would last all day. The last three days the paroxysms have 
oome on at 2 and 3 p. m.; wants to drink a good deal during the 
fever ; loss of appetite ; very pale and weak ; keeps the bed all the 
day, and says her head and stomach pains all the time. Gave poly- 
posis 2d, two grs. every two hours. Had but one paroxysm after 
commencing the remedy. Convalescence was very rapid. 

Case 23. — Intermittent fever ; type, quotidian. Mrs. B ; 

temperament nervous. For the last three weeks has had a fever every 
afternoon and evening ; feels chilly whenever she moves ; motion 
produces nausea ; tongue coated white ; loss of appetite ; bowels 
loose ; very restless at night ; cannot sleep any ; does not perspire. 
Gave the polyporus. Had but one paroxysm afterwards. Recov- 
ered rapidly. 

Case 24. — Intermittent fever ; type, quotidian. Mr. S., set 26 ; 
bilious temperament. For two weeks past has had the ague every 
day ; ohill comes on at 10 a. m., and lasts one hour, followed by fever 
three hours, and profuse perspiration at night. The sweat turns his 
linen yellow ; has a constant headache, worse during the fever ; 
tongue coated yellow ; flat bitter taste ; loss of appetite ; bowels 
costive ; stools light color ; face and body very much jaundiced ; has 
had to give up work for the last week. Gave polyporus 1st, dee. 
two grs. every two hours for three days. Had no more fever after 
commencing the medicine, but sweat for two nights. Went to work 
in four days, feeling well. The jaundice was completely gone in a 
week. It was pleasing to see how rapidly the jaundiced hue of the 
skin disappeared. 

Case 25. — Intermittent fever; quotidian type. Mr. B., set 26; tem- 
perament sanguine nervous. Jan. 2. — For the last five months has 
not been free from the ague two weeks ; has had it broken five times, 
three times with Quinine, and twice with something he does not know 
what : cannot work ; is extremely weak and languid ; skin is much 
jaundiced ; has canine hunger : bowels have been quite loose most of 
the time, but now are normal ; has but few gastric symptoms ; has 
nausea during the fever ; tongue coated yellow ; every day at 11 a. 
m. has a hard chill, but does not shake ; lasts two hours ; has a ter- 
rible headache, with hard pain in his arms, back and legs. Gave 
polyporus, two grs. every two hours for two days, and then every four 
hours for three days. Had no more ague after the second day, but 
rapidly convalesced, notwithstanding he lived on an island in the 
Mississippi, constantly exposed to miasm. 

Case 26. — Intermittent fever ; type, tertian. A little boy, »t 9 ; 
bilious temperament. For a week has had the ague every other day. 



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POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS. 199 

Has a slight chill about 2 p.m., followed by fever until 6 p.m., and then 
perspires, but not profusely ; vomits during the fever ; tongue coated 
white ; no appetite ; bowels are torpid ; is very pale ; plays about 
the house the well day. Gave polyporus 1st, one grain every two 
hours ; had three paroxysms after commencing the remedy, each one 
being lighter; remained away two weeks, when it returned again. 
Same remedy broke it again after he had two paroxysms. 

I might go on and give a great many more cases where the poly- 
porus has made just as good cures as it did in the cases noted above, 
out I have given enough to answer my present purpose, and will not 
take up any more space with clinical cases. See volume II. Medi- 
cal Investigator, page 62 and 73, for a detailed account of 14 cases 
treated by me with the polyporus off. (Boletus.) 

It might not be out of place here to give my views as to the origin 
of intermittent fever. The cause of intermittent fever is a peculiar 
miasm, which arises during the progress of vegetable decomposition 
in marshy, wet places, during hot summer weather, when the ponds 
and marshes are being rapidly dried up. In the bottoms of rivers 
and ponds, where to the natural eye there does not appear to be any 
vegetation whatever, seems to be the place where the most of this 
paludal malaria is developed. Very dry seasons, when the rivers be- 
come almost or quite dried up, intermittent, remittent and bilious 
fever 8 are very abundant all the fall and winter. This is evidence 
to my mind that this miasm consists of minute cryptogamic fungi. 
Their growth is rapid, and they are of a very poisonous character. 
These fungi enter the system chiefly through the ^lir-cells of the 
lungs into the circulation, and also through the skin. The poisonous 
properties, or forces, of these fungi have a specific relation to the 
ganglionic nervous centres, the same as the poisonous properties or 
forces of Belladonna to the brain, Nux vomica to the spinal cord, or 
Secale cornutum to the motor nerves of the uterus. Now we know 
that it is a fixed law in nature that whenever we administer any one 
of these remedies its effects are invariably spent on the same organs 
to which it is en rapport. So it is with these cryptogamic fungi, 
whenever they enter the system the nervous centres which preside 
over the chylopoietic organs are the main organs effected. The effects 
of these fungi will not be developed as readily in all patients, be- 
cause the conditions of their reception vary infinitely. Some patients, 
like certain earths, will not receive certain germs. The wind may 
spread the same seed widely over a country, and yet the grain will 
not spring up everywhere alike ; here the soil may be too wet, there 
too dry ; here other germs have grown up and stifled the new seed. 
Just so it is with these cryptogamic fungi ; they require conditions 
favorable to their development. In some patients it will produce in- 
termittent, remittent or bilious fevers ; in others it will produce 
diarrhoea, dysentery, colic, various hepatic and gastric derangements. 
If these fungi enter the system when it is in an exhausted condition 
their effects are immediately shown, but if the system is in a healthy 
condition their effects are very slow in being developed ; it may be 
months before the system gives way to the great destroyer % of gang* 
lionic nerve force. 



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tOO POLTPOBUS OFFICINALIS. 

I will give one fact to prove that this paludal malaria is composed 
of oryptogamic fuogi. It is a well known fact to all medical men 
that a person may sleep in perfect safety in a house kept well heated 
by fire through the night, even if it is situated in the center of the 
Pontine Marshes, where this malaria is produced in its most malig- 
nant form. This fact also explains why we do not have intermittent 
fever in large cities. The many and constant fires kept burning de- 
stroy this cryptogamic fungi that floats in the air. 

REMITTENT AND BILIOUS FEVERS — REPORT OF CASES TREATED IN 

CAVALRY BUREAU HOSPITAL, ST. LOUIS, MO., BY E. C. FRANKLIN, M. D., 

SURGEON IN CHARGE. 

Case 1. — Peter Sharp, aged 28 years, was admitted into hospital 
J>ec. 11, with the following symptoms: Violent headache ; pain in the 
bones ; dull aching in the back ; loss of appetite ; great lassitude ; disin- 
clination for bodily exertion ; sick at the stomach ; hot and dry 
skin ; pulse 120 ; dry and furred tongue ; thirst ; urine scanty and 
high colored. For the preceding eight days felt chilly sensations al- 
ternating with fever, with nausea and constipation. Treatment ; 
Polyporus 1st, trit., three grains every two hours. Five hours after- 
wards the patient complained of severe pain in the stomach and bow* 
els, after which the remedy was given every three hours. Dec. 12. — 
Patient feels better ; pulse reduced ; skin assuming a moistened con- 
dition; tongue less furred and secretions more abundant. 13. — 
Much better ; gave the remedy every four hours. 14. — Patient 
convalescent, all symptoms of the fever having subsided, and on 
the 15th he was discharged from the hospital cured. 

Case 2. — George Shields, aged 13 years, was admitted into hospi- 
tal March 14, 1865, with the following symptoms : Chills alternating 
with fever, occurring several times during the day, with marked ex- 
acerbations at night ; hot skin ; violent pain in the head and loins, 
and aching of the bones ; nausea ; furred tongue, with diminished 
secretions ; pulse 110 ; eyes suffused and of a yellow color. Treat- 
ment : Polyporns 1st, three grains every three hours, head bathed 
with a lotion of Aconite, one drachm to a pint of water. 15. — Pa- 
tient better, and all symptoms of the disease subsiding ; pulse 94 ; 
skin moist. — 0. T. 16. — Patient improving; bowels remain consti- 
pated ; pulse 85. Ordered Nux vom. 2d, in alternation with the 
Polyporus, every two hours. i7. — Pakent still convalescing, the 
bowels having moved during the night. — C. T. 18. — Patient well, 
and asks to be returned to duty. 19. — Patient discharged cured. 

Case 3. — William Bekle, aged 30 years, admitted into hospital 
March 20, 1865, with the following symptoms : Chilliness, followed 
by fever for the last three days ; pain in head and back ; general 
lassitude ; hot and dry skin ; thirst ; furred tongue ; dull pain in the 
right hypochondriac region ; pulse 100 ; bowels regular ; urine scanty 
and high colored. Treatment : Polyporus 1st trit., three grs. every 
three hours. March 31. — Patient improving ; pulse 90 ; feeling 
much better. — C. T. April 1. — Patient convalescing ; pulse 84.— 
C. T., as before. April 2.— Patient continuing to improve ; pulse 82. 
— C. T. April 4. — Patient returned to duty cured. 



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POLYPOSES OFFICINALIS. SOI 

Que 4. — John Soburtz, aged 54 years ; admitted into hospital 
81, with the following symptoms : pain in head ; aching in the bones : 
sickness of stomach ; ohillfl alternating with fever, occurring several 
times m day, with exacerbations at night ; pain in the stomach and 
bowels ; pulse 105 ; tongue coated with a brownish fur ; secretions 
diminished ; urgent thirst ; countenance haggard ; great physical 
prostration ; skin hot and dry ; feeling of soreness in the body ; loss 
of appetite, etc. Treatment : polyporus 1st trit., three grains every 
three hours, with cool sponge bathing of the whole body ; light diet. 
April 1. — Patient better, but pain in the head continues ; pulse 86 ; 
C. T., with Bryonia for headache. April 2. — Pain in the head better ; 
fever slightly increased ; pulse 96, full and hard. Ordered Gels., 10 
drops in tumbler half full of water, in alternation with the poly* 
porus, every two hours. April 4 —patient decidedly improved ; bowels 
moved during the day ; pulse 83 ; skin moist and all the symptoms 
better; C. T. April 5. — Medicine discontinued and patient dis- 
charged from the hospital cured. 

Case 5. — John Dwyre, aged 30 years, admitted into hospital Deo. 
29, with the following symptoms : Had a severe chill, followed by 
fever, pain in head and aching in the bones. Had several relapses 
of intermittent fever during the summer ; pulse 115 ; hot, pungent 
skin ; furred tongue ; diminished secretions ; sickness of stomach ; 
thirst ; great bodily prostration ; urine red and scanty. Treatment : 
polyporus 1st, trit. every three hours. Dec. 30 — patient feels better ; 
pulse reduced; skin moist, and symptoms generally improving ; C.T. 
Dec. 31— patient much better; C. T. Jan. 1 — patient convalescent ; 
bowels regular ; gave the polyporus every four hours. Jan. 3 — pa- 
tient returned to duty cured. 

I have used the polyporus off, in several cases of bilious fever with 
excellent effect, but have lost my notes of the cases treated. 

CONTINUED FEVER CASE BY DR. P. A. LORD. 

Mr. S., set 60. After more than a week of indisposition was taken 
down with continued fever ; the pain in the back and head was very 
severe ; urine scanty and high colored, but passed frequently ; bowels 
constipated ; tenderness, with gurgling over right iliac region ; cannot 
bear the least pressure ; tongue coated thickly, of a yellowish white, 
with fiery tip and edges ; pulse sluggish ; mind wandering ; muttering 
during sleep ; he thinks he shall never recover, and insists upon 
making his will ; no chill preceded the fever, but after the second 
day had frequent chilly sensations. The fever continued several 
days, much to the alarm of the friends, in spite of Aconite, Bryonia, 
Baptisia, and Gelseminum. I then gave polyporus 2d, dec, for forty- 
eight hours. When the fever had about left him he said, " I am bet- 
ter, I am going to get well, 1 ' and for the first time during his sickness 
called for food ; tongue moist and less coated, but still red at the 
tip ; the discharge of urine much increased ; sat up about one hour 
during the day. Continued the same treatment. Convalescence was 
rapid. I scarcely know whether the result in this case was from good 
luck or good management. At all events I am getting a good deal 
of credit for the cure, and I think I am largely indebted to the poly- 
porus for it. 

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SOS POLYPORUS OFFICINALIS. 

I hare given the polyporus in one mild case of continued fever ; the 
patient did well ; fever lasted twenty-one days ; but this case would, 
nave recovered with most any treatment, and I cannot tell if the 
remedy did good or not. I am inclined to think that it cannot«be de* 
pended upon in typhoid fever, but it remains to be proven yet. I have 
given it to a number of patients convalescing from fever, I thought 
with benefit. The polyporus will often be found useful in fevers in 
conjunction with other remedies. 

Mind.— 47. Feeling weak and depressed and indisposed to any ex- 
ertion, physical or mental. — L. 

48. Low-spirited. — L. 

49. Depression of spirits for five days, with great irritability. — L. 

50. Dream much at night.— W, 

51. Very gloomy and desponding. — B. 

52. Irritated at the least trifle. — B. 

53. Absence of mind. — B. 

54. Loss of memory. — B. 

These symptoms, in connection with fevers, and diseases to which 
it is in rapport, are very important to be noted. 
Head. — 55. Dull frontal headache. — S. 

56. Dull pains through the temples. — S. 

57. Sharp pains in the temples. — S. 

58. Tight feeling of skin of forehead with dull frontal headache.-B. 

59. Dull frontal headache. — B. 

60. Head feeling very light and hollow, with deep frontal head- 
ache and faintness. — B. 

61. Deep drawing pains in the forehead. — B. 

62. Neuralgic pains in the temples. — B. 

63. Dull frontal headache all day, with high fever.— B. 

CLINICAL REMARKS. 

When we have headache in intermittent, remittent, or bilious 
fevers, similar to that caused by the polyporus, we may resort to the 
remedy with perfect confidence of its curing the case. In intermit- 
tent headaches it has cured a number of oases. 

Dr. Shepherd writes me : "I have oured some very severe cases 
of periodical headache, coming on at a regular hour each day. In 
these oases I used it the same as I did in fevers." 

Dr. J. A. Wakeman writes : " It has done well in some oases of 
facial neuralgia of a periodical character. 

In sick headache I predict it will be a very useful remedy. Dr. 
K. 0. Smedley has found it a remedy of great value in one case of a 
lady 47 years of age, who had just passed the change of life ; has 
sick headache every month, with a great deal of chilliness along the 
spine and other symptoms similar to those caused by the polyporus. 
He gave it in drop doses of the tincture every hour ; from two to 
four doses gives her perfect relief, whon she goes to sleep, and sleeps 
all night and wakes up in the morning well, something she never did 
before ; always very sick for two days ; her liver seems to be the 
seat of her difficulty. I never have tried it in this disease, but in- 
tend to do so the first opportunity. The oases I would expect to find 
it useful in would have their origin from the liver. 



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POLYPORUS OFFICINALES gOS 

. In intermittent neuralgia I have given it with excellent results. 
Mrs. K., a&t 35, bilious temperament, has been weak and languid foe* 
three weeks ; poor appetite ; every day for the last week, at 12 m., 
commences to have a burning pain in all the upper teeth, the left side 
of the jaw, and also in the left temple. The pain is very intense, 
and lasts until midnight, when it gradually passes off; feels it 
slightly through the forenoon, but can bear it without much trouble. 
Treatment : polyporus 1st, every two hours ; cured the case in three 
days. 

In three cases of intermittent neuralgia, where the left side of the 
head and temple was affected the polyporus acted well, one prescrip- 
tion curing each case from one to four days. 

Eyes. — 64. Agglutinations of the eyelids every morning, with dull, 
aching pains on the eyeballs. — B. 

Mouth.— 65. Flat metallic taste. — S. 

66. Sweetish nauseous taste. — S. 

67. Roughness in the mouth with scraping sensation in throat. — L. 

68. Prickling in root of the tongue, which soon passed away. — L. 

69. Flat taste in the mouth. — B. 

70. A strong coppery taste for several days. — B. 

71. Loss of taste. — B. 

72. All kinds of food taste unnatural. — B. 

73. Teeth and gums very sore and congested. — B. 

74. Thick yellow coating on the tongue. — B. 

75. White coating on the tongue. — B. 

76. Bitter taste in the mouth. — B. 

CLINICAL REMARKS. 

These symptoms are quite suggestive in fevers. 

Gastric Symptoms. — 77. Loss of appetite. — L. «, 

78. Slight nausea. — L. 

79. Acid risings in the throat, with inclination to go to stool, — L. 

80. Appetite invigorated. — S. 

81. Loss of appetite. — S. 

82. Desire for acids. — S. 

82. Nausea, especially in the throat. — S. 

83. Nausea at times. — S. 

85. Feeling in the throat as if I would vomit. — B. 

86. Constant nausea, with distress in the stomach. — B. 

87. Nausea lasting but a moment — B. 

88. Loss of appetite. 

89. Nausea and vomiting. — Eclectic Dispensatory. 

CLINICAL REMARKS. 

These symptoms all point to the different kind of fevers in which 
it has been found curative. 

Stomach. — 90. Sharp cutting pains in the stomach for five minutes, 
while sitting.— S. 

91. Feeling as if there was a lump in the stomach. 

92. Feeling of coldness in the stomach. — S. 

93. Lanoinating pains in the stomach and liver. — S. 



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$04 FOLTPOBTO OEFIdKALIS. 

94. Distress in stomach and abdomen, with frequent nausea.— . 

95. Cutting pains in the stomach all night. — B. 

96. Severe, sharp, cutting pains in the stomach every few min- 
utes, with dull aching distress in the umbilicus and loud rumbling of 
the bowels all night. — B. 

97. Fullness of the stomach, with acid risings. — L. 

Liver. — 98. Lancinating pains in the liver and stomach. — S. 
99 Dull aching distress in the right lobe of the liver, with dull, 
frontal headache. — B. 

100. Sharp, cutting pains near the gall-bladder.— -B. 

101. Burning distress in the region of the gall-bladder, all the af- 
ternoon, with sharp pains in the stomach and heavy aching distress in 
the whole liver, but more especially in the right lobe. — B. 

102. Papescent stool, followed by dull, heavy aching pains in the 
liver and umbilicus. — B. 

103. Dull, burning distress in the right lobe of the liver and epi- 
gastrium, with dull drawing pains in the right hypochondrium and 
whole dorsal region. — B. 

104. Heavy, dragging pains in the liver more in the right lobe. — B. 

105. A full inspiration produces sharp, cutting pains in the right 
lobe of liver and whole dorsal region. — B. 

106. Stools mixed with bile.— B. 

107. Poor appetite, with a bilious feeling for five days. — L. 

108. Momentary pains in both hypochondriac regions. — L. 

CLINICAL REMARKS. 

The liver is one of the great centres where the polyporus spends 
most of its action. I wish I was able to illustrate the pathological 
changes that are produced in the liver by the Polyporus, by cases of 
poisoning in animals. Some future day I hope to be able to do so. 
In my proving, as well as in Drs. Lord, Wood, and Smedleys, the ob- 
jective and subjective symptoms all point to its great effect upon the 
hepatic system. Its effects upon the liver are very similar to those 
produced by the Leptandra virginica. The solid constituents of the 
bile are increased and the fluid portion diminished. The hepatic 
cella do not perform their functions, that of eliminating the excre- 
mentitious substances from the blood ; consequently we have jaundice 
with all the various symptoms that accompany it, with congestion, 
either acute or chronic, and if it is pressed far enough we may have 
inflammation of the liver, with enlargement and other organic lesions 
of that organ. 

I have given it in a number of cases of jaundice with excellent 
results. I cannot give the characteristic symptoms that call for its 
exhibition in this disease, but I have noticed that when there is in- 
flammation of the duodenum extending along the oommon duet to the 
liver that the polyporus does not do well. 

Abdomen. — 109* Dull aching pains over the whole lower abdo- 
men. - W. 

110. Uneasiness in the lower abdomen all day, as if diarrhoea 
would come on. — W. 

111. Pain in the whole abdomen. — W* 



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POLYPOBUS OFFICINALIS. gO& 

112. Increased vermicular action of the bowels. — W. 

113. Much flafcus in the bowels.— S. 

114. Constant borborygmus. — 8. 

115. Feeling as if diarrhoea would come on, with loud gargling of 
the bowels.— rS. 

116. Uneasiness in sub-umbilical region, which gradually increased 
for one hour, when it waa followed by a mushy stool, with sharp 
pains extending up on each side of the umbilicus towards the iliac 
region, and than extending to the floor of tho pelvis in a ring around 
the rectum ; lasted some time. — L. 

117. Uneasiness of the bowels after retiring. — L. 

118. Momentary pains in the hypogastrium. — L. 

119. Lacerating pains here and there throughout the abdomen. — L. 

120. Neuralgic pains in the lower abdomen, extending to the right 
hypochondrium. — L. 

121. Pain in the abdomen, with inclination to go to stool, for a 
long time. — L. 

122. Great distress in the epigastric and umbilical regions. — B. 

123. Severe, dull, aohing distress just below the stomach, all day, 
which produced great faintness ; it was terrible to endure. — B. 

124. Constant rumbling in the abdomen before stool. — B. 

125. Great distress in the bowels before stool. — B. 

126. Sharp, cutting pains in the umbilical and hypogastric re- 
gions before stool. — B. 

127. Great distress and pain in the bowels after stool. — B. 

Stool. — 128. Loose stool with qualmishness. — W. 

129. Papescent stools, with pain afterwards. — W. 

130. Stools expelled with great force. — W. 

131. Loose stool, with tenesmus. — W. 

132. Desire for stool, with much flatus. — W. 

133. Constipation. — S. 

134. Emissions of foetid flatus. — S. 

135. Unpleasant sensation about the anus. — L. 

136. Scanty stool.— L. 

137. Natural stool.— L. 

138. No stool for one day, and then natural stool. — L. 

139. Mushy stools with pain in the abdomen. — L. 

140. Mushy stools without pain. — L. 

141. Disposition to go to stool. — L. 

142. Copious soft stool, followed by uneasiness in the umbili- 
cus. — L. 

143. Dark, lumpy, dry stools.— B., P. 

144. Black, lumpy, dry stools, mixed with bile and muous. — B. 

145. Stools natural consistence, of a dark color, and mixed with 
bile and mucous. — B. 

146. Stools of pure mucus. — B. 

147. Stools of bile, mucus and blood. — B. 

148. Thin, yellow, papescent stools. — B. 

149. Thin very dark-colored papescent stools. — B. 



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$06 POLYPOBUS OFFICINALIS, 

150. Yellow papescent stools, mixed with something that looks 
like oil, in drops the«size of a cent down to small drops. — B. 

151. Stools preceded and followed by severe pains in the umbilical 
region. — B. 

152. Sharp, cutting pains in the umbilical and hypogastric Jregions, 
before and after stool. — B. 

153. Great disposition to strain after stools. — B. 
154 Great faintness after the stool. — B. 

155. Stools of undigested food. — B. 

156. Papescent stools without pain. — B. 

157. Papescent stools with high fever. — B. 

158. Stools that run from the bowels with great force, composed of 
bile, mucus, and black fecal matter, preceded by great burning pain 
and distress in the epigastrium, right lobe of the liver and umbilicus, 
and followed by the same symptoms. — B. 

CLINICAL REMARKS. 

In diseases of the chylopoietio organs the polyporus will be found 
a remedy of great utility in the hands of the physician. 

Dr. Holcombe writes me ; "I have used the polyporus in eight or 
ten cases of chronic dysentery and diarrhoea, with very good results. 
Two of them had lasted many weeks, and were very promptly bene- 
fitted by the remedy." In a subsequent letter he says : " The cases 
of obstinate diarrhoea and dysentery I reported to you as having been 
cured by the polyporus have staid cured." i 

Dr. Wood writes : •• I have given the polyporus in ohronio 
diarrhoea with good effect." I have given it with good success in 
diarrhoea and dysentery, both acute and chronic ; and in lienteric di- 
arrhoea I have found it a specific in a large number of oases. In 
chronic diarrhoea in my hands it has acted excellently for one or two 
weeks, and then its beneficial action would cease, and I would have to 
resort to other remedies. Dr. Wood reports the same results with 
the remedy in his hands. 

In one case of dysentery, with intermittent fever, in a young lady, 
where she had passages of pure blood and a little mucus every half 
hour, with severe tenesmus and colicky pains in the hypogastrium, 
which had lasted three days, the polyporus 2d trit., cured both tho 
dysentery and fever in two days. . 

Urinary Organs. — 159. Increased secretion of urine. — S. 

160. Frequent desire to urinate. — S. 

161. Frequent urination. — W. 

162. Urine passed in large quantities. — W. 

163. The desire to urinate was constant. — W. 

164. Aching in the small of the back. — W. 

165. Urine light-colored and voided every hour in large quanti- 
ties.— W. 

166. The urine is first diminished, and then slightly increased. — B. 

167. Urine high-colored and scanty. — B. 

168. Sharp, smarting, prickling pains in the glans-penis (dorsal 
surface.) — L. ; 



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P0LYP0RU8 OFFICINALIS. 207 

Back. — 169. Slight pain shot up the back from between the shoul- 
der blades, followed by soreness of the occipital region, with disposi- 
tion to throw the head back. — L. 

170. Sharp pains in the left side of the neck. — L. 

171. Chilliness along the spine. — L. 

172. Dull heavy pains in the dorsal and lumbar regions. — B. 

173. Severe dull pain in the lumbar region, greatly aggravated by 
rising up. — B. 

174. Severe, dull, aching pains in the whole dorsal region that ap- 
peared to proceed from the liver. — B. 

175. Great weakness of the small of the back. — B. 

176. Chilliness along the spine. — B. 

Arms. — 177. While riding felt a sharp pain for one minute, where 
the pulse is felt in the right wrist, and seeming to extend along the 
course of the artery for about two inches above the joint. The pain 
was severe and verj sudden in coming on, about like a shock from a 
galvanic battery ; soon after had similar pains in the right shoulder 
joint, passing outward to the deltoid muscles ; similar pain about the 
head of the left elbow joint, and extended to the biceps muscle. — L. 

178. Severe aching distress in the shoulders, elbows and wrists. — B. 

179. Hands hot and dry.— B. 

180. Great weakness of the arms. 

181. Itching of the forearms. — W. 

Legs. — 182. Sharp pain in the left knee. — L, 

183. Momentary, sharp, lacerating pains in the inner border of the 
right foot, then in the right arm and then in the left side of the 
neck. — L. 

184. An aching, burning distress in the thighs and bend of the 
knees. — S. 

185. Severe, aching distress in the hips, knees and ankles, during 
the chills and fever, — B. 

186. Great weakness of the legs. — B. 



Next number will contain provings and clinical cases of 
Polypori pinicola, to be followed by Ustilago madis, and other 
interesting papers. 



Amusing. — The '* Pacific Medical and Surgical Journal" 
says : " In these times people will not submit to castor oil and 
epsom salts, as they did under the old regime. If you do not 
prescribe something palatable, they will be likely to tickle their 
fancy with sugar pellets," &c, and recommends, as "a genteel 
purgative" a compound of citric acid, magnesia, &c, &c. ! 



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Ijpirtop m\ griwiptea; a! ffitium. 



PROF. H. P. OATCHELL, Kditob. 



FREQUENCY OF EATING. 

Chambers, in his work on digestion (which, however, I have 
not looked into for more than ten years,) advises dyspeptics to 
eat frequently. I think this very bad advice. It is easy to 
break down a vigorous stomach by frequently putting a little 
food into it 

Perhaps Chambers has confounded the condition of the 
stomach and of the general system in convalescence from acute 
disease, when nothing but debility remains to be remedied, 
with the feeble and irritable condition of stomach and of gen- 
eral system of the dyspeptic. But they are very dissimilar ; 
nor can we reason from the one to the other. 

I have found the tone of the stomach mont easily restored in 
dyspepsia by long intervals between the periods of taking food ; 
a little food causing irritation and bringing about a state of 
semi-inflammation almost as readily as a large quantity, and 
this irritation frequently renders recovery impossible. 

I can only say, if Dr. Chambers' rule is a good one in Great 
Britain, then British stomachs are differently constituted from 
American. That the climate of the British islands is more 
favorable to the digestive capacity than is the climate of 
America I am well aware ; but that there is any essential 
difference in the constitution of the British stomach I cannot 
but doubt, and I have uniformly found it better to diminish the 
number of meals of the dyspeptic rather than to increase them. 

Perhaps Dr. Chambers built hi6 hypothesis (better a pyramid 
on its apix,) on the case of old Parr or of some equally excep- 
tional individual. 

Old Parr, who died at the great age of 152, wsp accustomed, 
at least in his old age, to eat frequently, by day and by night. 



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PHTHISIS PULMONALE. 909 

I read, several years ago, an extract from a Detroit paper, to 
this effect : A citizen of Detroit, of French descent, died at an 
age so great as to induce the historical society to search into 
the cause ot his longevity, considerably exceeding a hundred 
years. 

The only characteristic habit that they discovered (one not 
peculiar by any means to the old Frenchman) was that of im- 
proving every opportunity for getting drunk. 

Quite similar was was the story that I read in the papers, 
some years ago, of a Scotchman by the name of McDowell, (I 
think,) who died in the almshouse in Boston, at the age, as 
near as I can recall, of 112 years; and who had been wander- 
ing about the country a short time before his death. Like his 
western compeer, he had never, from early life, failed to 
improve an opportunity for getting drunk. 

One would, however, be rather hasty, if he should conclude 
from these two cases that drunkenness promotes longevity, and 
yet such efforts at induction are not uncommon. 



PHTHISIS PULKOKAIiIS. 

Phthisis pulmonalis is now generally considered as synony- 
mous with pulmonary tuberculosis ; and concerning the pathol- 
ogy of the latter there have been not a few theories. 

One of the latest, and one that has, perhaps, influenced the 
minds of physicians as much as any other, is that of John 
Hughes Bennet, who, in point of learning, capacity and judg- 
ment, has few if any superiors among those of the profession 
who write in English. 

Dr. Bennet regards it as the result of dyspepsia, and espe- 
cially of dyspepsia attended by great acidity of the alimentary 
canal, causing a neutralization of the salivary and pancreatic 
fluids, with imperfect preparation of oleaginous food for absorp- 
tion. 

Two consequenoes must result if Dr. Bennet is right in his 
etiology : 1. An excess of fat should be found in the f6ces. 
2. From deficiency of fat in the lacteals, the formation of blood, 
corpuscles should be partially arrested. 

16 May. 



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810 PHTHISIS PULMONALIS. 

I do not think the first condition has ever been observed. I 
do not recollect that the second has more than in other feeble 
subjects ; and I have no table which gives the ratio of cor- 
puscles in different diseases, from which to learn. Though a 
deficiency of corpuscles would be wholly inconclusive as affirm- 
ative evidence, its absence would be quite conclusive as to the 
negative. 

Dr. Bennet also says that loss of appetite is the most constant 
and important symptom of phthisis. I have no disposition to 
question the importance of this symptom. It no doubt indi- 
cates a great depression of vital energy. But its constancy is 
questionable ; and is decisively contradicted, so far as my own 
limited experience goes. On the other hand, I have usually 
found consumptives to have a good, not unfrequently a craving 
appetite, even when the disease is far advanced ; sometimes 
continuing with little or no impairment to the end. Pulmo- 
nary consumption, indeed, has seemed to me quite remarkable 
in this respect. 

It is very strange, too, if Dr. Bennet is right, that »o few 
cases of dyspepsia, characterized by acidity terminate in pulmo- 
nary consumption. Every physician of any considerable expe- 
rience is familiar with numerous cases of the kind never mani- 
festing the slightest tendency to pulmonary tuberculosis. We 
are all acquainted, too, with cases of phthisis in which digestion 
has appeared to be quite unimpaired until the intestines have 
been attacked by tuberculosis, and even then the digestion, in 
some cases, is surprisingly little affected ; certainly not more 
than in other forms of disease equally marked by debility ; or 
even less than in most such cases, notwithstanding the attend- 
ant febrile state, so unfavorable to digestion and appetite. 

The conclusion must needs be that in this matter Dr. Bennet 
has got hold of but a fragment of the truth, and that fragment 
not existing in the extent that he ascribes, and by no means 
pertaining to the cause of phthisis. It is true that the distin- 
guished author refers to impaired nutrition, but he regards this 
as secondary. That nutrition is impaired, whatever may be the 
state of digestion, no one doubts. And that this impairment 
exists in cases in which, to all appearance, digestion is carried 



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PHTHISIS PULITONALIS. 211 

on with considerable vigor, I think no good observer, without a 
theory to sustain, will be disposed to question. 

But while failure of nutrition is not secondary to indigestion, 
neither does it seem to be a primary cause of phthisis. 

It is well understood by physiologists that in order to nutri- 
tion, not only must nutritive materials be elaborated to circu- 
late as a part of the great blood-current, but that these mate- 
rials must leave the vessels, passing through the walls of the 
capillaries, and saturating all organs and tissues with the com- 
mon fluid pabulum. Further than this, there must be a certain 
relation existing between the pabulum and the organs and 
tissues, in order to the appropriation ot the former by the latter. 
This relation finds its analogy not in the condition that 
results in chemical combination, but in that which results in 
crystallization. In the former case dissimilars unite, as acids 
and alkalies, for instance, in the formation of a neutral salt. 
In the latter, similars unite, as molecules of water, for instance, 
in the formation of ice. 

In the particular of similarity, nutrition is analogous to crys- 
tallization. Albumen goes to the muscles, lime to the bones, 
phosphorus to nerve-matter, &c. As crystallization depends 
on temperature and various other (some of them unknown) 
conditions, so also does nutrition. Ascertained as one of the 
latter is the state of a portion of the nervous system, the con- 
dition of whose fibres (belonging to the class of organic nerves) 
determines the condition of the molecules of tissues, favorably 
or unfavorably, in reference to uniting with their fellows in the 
pabulum that saturates them. The requisite affinity, as in the 
case of water above 32° Far., may not exist. 

There is another affinity which is more or less dependent on 
nerve-influence, that which affects chemical combinations in the 
system. It seems to be well determined, for instance, that 
oxygen, borne with the pabulum into the tissues, unites there 
with the carbon of decaying tissue and with the carbon of the 
pabulum itself, especially of its carbo-hydrates. Now, this 
union, like that which concerns nutrition, must necessarily be 
affected by the condition of certain nerve-fibres. If this union 
should fail to take place in due degree, it would follow that the 

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£18 PHTHISIS PULMONALIS. 

arterial blood would not lose its normal proportion of oxygen, 
and the venous blood would not acquire its normal proportion 
of carbonic acid. And this is what Kokitansky asserts ; that 
the venous blood in phthisis partakes too much of the arterial 
character. 

Have we not, then, two very important indications of the 
part which the organic nervous system plays in the etiology of 
phthisis ? And are we not justified in referring to the organic 
nervous system much more than to any state of the digestive 
organs for our prime cause ? 

Not that I wish to be understood as referring the etiology of 
pulmonary phthisis to the nervous system alone. I have a 
great, aversion to one-idea systems. Nature, especially human 
nature, is vastly complex, and I feel a scruple about referring 
anything to the nervous system. Such has been the mania of 
late to load down this system with hypothetical causal influ- 
ences, not only among those who are versed in its physiology, 
but also among those who know little or nothing of it, that 
one feels a sort of shame in referring to it at all. This very 
thing reached its climax when somebody, taken with a name, 
termed ague a neurosis. 

«*The force of folly could no farther go." 

I do not suppose when a child is born with a predisposition 
to phthisis that this predisposition exists in the nervous system 
only. I suppose that it pertains, more or less, to the general 
organism. I have only sought to indicate that it resides, more 
especially, in the organic nervous system that controls the 
molecular condition of the tissues in relation to nutrition and 
oxydation. At all events, those agencies that have proved 
most efficient in the way of cure of, and still more of prophy- 
laxis against, pulmonary phthisis, are in perfect accord with 
the views above suggested. First in order stands exercise in 
the open air. The fact of the increased exhalation of carbonic 
acid during active exercise seems to sustain the old, and a priori, 
probable doctrine, (notwithstanding the doubts that have been 
thrown upon it of late) that exercise promotes decay. With 
the increased decay comes an increased tendency to nutrition, 

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PHTHISIS PTJLMONALIB. 818 

perhaps through reflex action in the organic nervous system. 
With the increased decay comes also an increased tendency to 
oxydation and the re-establishment of the normal relation 
between the blood of the arteries and that of the veins, a rela- 
tion that is undoubtedly essential to the system in order to the 
due performance of its functions. We can hardly suppose, for 
instance, a too highly oxydized blood to enter the right heart 
without creating disturbance. Experience has shown that of 
all agencies, exercise in the open air, especially if the air is dry, 
the temperature mild, and the position elevated, is the most 
efficient means of benefitting the actual or prospective subject 
of pulmonary phthisis. 

Not that the exercise should be violent. The phthisical con- 
stitution lacks endurance and the exercise may easily be carried 
so far that nutrition cannot keep pace with the decay induced. 
Travelling on horseback has proved particularly beneficial. It 
keeps numerous muscles in action without undue effort, if not 
too long continued. Few methods would benefit a consumptive 
so much as a journey on horseback over the plains to the dry 
and elevated region of New Mexico. I do not propose to raise 
the dead in this way ; and unfortunately most consumptives 
have at least one foot in the grave before they will seriously 
undertake to recover lost health. 

Nor would I, while exalting exercise in the open air, under- 
rate the value of oleaginous food, which Dr. Bennet so highly 
recommends. The influence of such food may be various. It 
furnishes essential conditions of the formation of blood- 
corpuscles, so intimately connected with robust states of the 
system. Indeed, Lehman asserts that not a cell or fibre is 
formed in the system but in the presence of fat ; from which it 
would seem that it may exert an important catalytic influence 
in organic changes, as Bernard has shown that sugar does. It 
contributes largely, also, by common consent, towards main- 
taining the production of heat, a function so feebly performed 
in the consumptive. It is somewhat singular, however, if the 
system, through acidity, is unable to prepare the ordinary 
quantity of oleaginous food for absorption, as Dr. Bennet 
asserts, that he should recommend such quantities of oil as he 

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S14 THE INGRATITUDE OF THE STOMACH. 

does. Indeed, the recommendation seems to be quite inconsis- 
tent with his etiological hypothesis. 

The one that I propose has at least the merit of consistency. 
As to the utility of alcoholic liquors in phthisis, I have seen it 
apparently successful in one case out of the many in which I 
have seen them tried. It would seem to be enantiopathic in 
this respect, that is in its tendency to render the arterial blood 
venous, quite the opposite state to that, which, according to 
Rokitansky, is proper to phthisis. I have in some cases recom- 
mended a milk-toddy on going to bed, apparently with some 
benefit ; indeed, in some cases with quite remarkable palliation. 
I have also in some cases advised lumps of sugar saturated with 
whisky or biandy, not without some favorable indications. But 
I can have very little confidence in the prophylactic or curative 
properties of alcohol in this disease, while I know that in Eng- 
land and Scotland, devastated by consumption as perhaps no 
other regions are in the world, (unless New England may equal 
them,) almost everybody consumes some form of alcoholic 
liquor. 

I would not ignore, by any means the use of medicine, either 
as a palliative or a curative agent in phthisis, since cures have 
apparently been wrought by its agency. But it should be 
understood by both patients and physicians that cures of estab- 
lished phthisis constitute an exceedingly small percentage of 
cases. And whatever value may attach to medicine in phthisis, 
I cannot but regard exercise in the open air and oleaginous food 
as still more important ; or when the latter cannot be taken, 
either in the form of oil or cream, saccharine food, with perhaps 
a little alcohol. — G. 

Not*.— I ought, probably, to add, that I have derived some aid from the hot vapor bath, in. 
the treatment of phthisis. 



The Ingratitude op the Stomach. — To a French writer 
is attributed the saying that dyspepsia is the ingratitude of the 
stomach. Much more appropriate would it be to say that dys- 
pepsia is the revenge of the stomach. Let us treat the stom- 
ach well and we shall have no reason to complain of ingrat- 
itude. 



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PHYSIOLOGY AND PRINCIPLES OP MEDICINE. 815 

Reply to Dr. Bellows. 



If Dr. Bellows had extended his researches in the Hudibraa- 
tic style of verse, he might have learned that — 

" No rogue e'er felt the halter draw, 
" With good opinion of the law." 

Bnt it is not customary for the culprit to vent his spleen on 
the sheriff. 

Dr. Bellows evidently does not appreciate the forbearance 
that I exercised in my review of his book. Even now I shall 
not characterize it in the terms that it richly merits. Nor 
should I take any notice of his reply, but for its false state- 
ments. 

He accuses me of hypercriticism and of setting up a "ridic- 
ulous effigy " instead of his "unpretending treatise." In this 
there are two false statements : 1, I criticised but what is in 
and as it is in his book. 2, His book is a very pretentious one, 
and falsely so. 

Again, he says that " to have escaped his [my] criticisms 
and denunciations respecting the want of attention to the new 
light on chemistry and physiology, want of detail ot things 
new in the sciences, and the details of the whole process of 
calorification, etc., etc., would have required a book of a thou- 
sand pages." 

This quotation contains six distinct statements that are wholly 
false. I shall specify but four : 

1. There is not a word of denunciation in the review. 2. 
There is no allusion to any new light in chemistry, but only a 
suggestion of Dr. Bellows' ignorance of a very old light. 3. 
There is no complaint of want of detail, but a statement of 
errors in his attempt at details. 4. There is no criticism on a 
deficiency of details " of the whole process of calorification," 
but only an intimation that a Professor of Physiology should 
not retain an exploded error of the last century. 

Dr. Bellows says that I have referred to "verbal and insig- 
nificant grammatical errors " " seven different times." 

This is grossly untrue. I did not specify a single grammat- 
ical error, but very mildly intimated, in general terms, that it 



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816 REPLY TO DR. BELLOWS. 

would be well to correct his grammatical errors in another edi- 
tion. Nor did I criticise a solitary error that was merely 
verbal. In every instance but one the error in terms proceeded 
from ignorance of science, and that one was underlaid by false 
pretension. It would be a verbal error in a physician to 
describe a case of erysipelas as a case of scarlatina ; but it 
would be much more. Such are Dr. Bellows' verbal errors. 

What a farce for a man who puts himself forward as a pro- 
fessor of physiology and chemistry, to plead in bar of criticism 
that " the object of the book is not to teach physiology or 
chemistry." That is no excuse for teaching what is false. 
Why does he dabble in physiology, chemistry, botany and 
geology, if he is ignorant? Apparently, in order to impose 
on those who are more ignorant. 

In order to offset my specifications of error he arrays com- 
mendations from two doctors of divinity, one third-rate novel- 
ist, one fifth- (possibly third-) rate litterateur, one bookseller,one 
boarding-house keeper, and one man ot science. Ne sutor 
ultra crepidam; which, liberally interpreted, means that, except 
the last, they are ignorant of the subject. I must pass by all 
the unscientific except the bookseller. He is quoted to sustain 
Dr. Bellows' originality in the elaboration of a grand theory. 
He says : " The ideas on which are based the * Philosophy of 
Eating,' the pre-adamite arrangement of elements * * * 
are literally new." 

To all this one is tempted to reply — fudge ! Perhaps Dr. 
Bellows never read Coleridge's humorous poem entitled " The 
Devil's Thoughts." I will treat him to an extract : 

'* He peeped into a rich bookseller's shop, 
•• Quoth he, • we are both of one college, 
«• ' For I sate myself like a cormorant, once, 
•• * Hard by the tree of knowledge.' * 

" Hard by !" but he failed, like some authors, to pluck the 
fruit. 

Sixteen years ago, treating at some length of the earth's 
l< pre-adamite" and "gradual preparation for becoming the 
abode of man," specifying with considerable detail the agen- 
cies and the revolutions that were essential to the preparation 
of atmosphere and soil, and indicating the very plants that 



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BBPLT TO DR. BELLOWS. $17 

heralded man's coming, I concluded as follows, allnding to 
geological strata, " He reads, in these perpetual tablets, how 
the hard building rock, and the plastic lime, and the grateful 
soil, have been laid down for his use; how the air has been 
purified that he might breathe, and the rock has been ground 
and re-ground to prepare a fitting soil." 

Instead of setting myself up as original authority in matters 
about which I knew so little, I entered as my apology the plea 
that I professed only to glean from the mere surface of the 
geological field. I was not such an ignoramus as to suppose, 
or such a rogue as to pretend to anything original in the 
matter. 

But our author produces one mnn of science to help bol- 
ster up his work. Accordingly, Dr. Bellows, in his reply, 
introduces this one, Dr. Hayes, to rebut my criticism upon his 
statements respecting alcohol. Omitting one extract from Dr. 
Hayes' testimony, that has no possible bearing on the point at 
issue, I copy the other: "Modern investigations certainly sus- 
tain the ground taken, that organized elements are the only 
ones assimilated in the human system." And what has this to 
do with my statement with regard to alcohol ? 1. Alcohol is 
not strictly inorganic. 2. I never intimated that alcohol is 
assimilated. If Dr. Bellows does not know the difference 
between oxydation and assimilation, he is even more ignorant 
than I took him to be. 3. The doctrine that organic com- 
pounds alone are assimilatedin the human system, is, and long 
has been a common doctrine among physiologists. Why does 
Dr. Bellows make such a clamor about it ? To impose upon 
ignorant readers that this too is original with him? 

Passing over various other misrepresentations, expressed or 
implied, (they amounting to not less than twelve in all,) in Dr. 
Bellows' reply, I shall make free to give him a little parting 
advice. 

1. If you ever write another book, don't have yourself 
announced as a professor ot sciences about which you are igno- 
rant. 2. When you are criticised, especially in as forbearing 
a spirit as I exercised, don't attempt to shelter yourself under 
misrepresentations and evasions. 3. When yon are convicted 



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$18 THE EMBRYO HEART. 

of gross blunders in facts be thankful to your critic and quietly 
get them corrected by some one better informed than yourself ; 
and don't attempt to screen youself with the silly plea that 
you are "more careful of ideas than words." Men who think 
accurately, write accurately. The style is the copy of the 
man. 4. Get a chemist and a physiologist, as well as a com- 
petent grammarian, to correct your next edition, and rid your- 
self of the preposterous idea that you have produced anything 
original except your blunders, and you will issue a respectable « 
book. The collated matter, for the most part, is very good. 
5. Do not again attempt to excuse your blunders on the ground 
that you only aimed at writing common sense. It was a most 
uncommon sense that discovered the isomerism of sugar and 
alcohol, to say nothing of various other originalities in your 
book. — G. 



The Embryo Heart. — Herr S. L. Schenck has published a 
paper on the physiology of the embryo. Examining the heart 
of the chick in the egg of the fowl, he discovered that its 
movements are, at first, quite independent of the central nerv- 
ous system, and may be regarded as simple contractions of the 
protoplasm. When the heart is removed, it still beats, if 
maintained at a temperature of from 34° to 30° Centigrade. 
The most powerful miscroscope fails to show any trace ot nerv- 
ous ganglia ; hence, he concludes, that the contractions of the 
heart are due simply to the action of heat on the protoplasm. 

[This, if established, is an important physiological fact. It 
disposes at once of an idea that never ought to have been 
entertained, that the rythmical action of the heart depends 
on the cardiac ganglia. So much importance has been, of late, 
ascribed to the nervous system, that it has come to be over- 
looked by many that each tissue contains within itself the con- 
ditions of its action ; that all vegetative processes can be car- 
ried 0n (not that they usually are,) in the absence of nerve- 
action, and that every organ and tissue has its own specific 
life. I do not mean to intimate that other observations ha>e 
not contributed to establishing the same conclusion as to the 



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CUBEBS AND AGUE. — SLEEP. 819 

forces which move the heart, being, as in other muscles, within 
itself. Nor do I mean for a moment to assent to the conclu- 
sion that heat is the cause of the heart's action. It is undoubt- 
edly a necessary condition, as of all other vital action. But 
to term it the cause, is to confound a part with the whole. 

As to the rythmical action of the heart, it is not so peculiar 
as at first sight might seem, since, according to Todd and 
Bowman, all muscular action is intermittent.] — G. 



Cubebs and Ague. — The report of proceedings of the Indi- 
ana Institute of Homoeopathy, in March No. of Observer, con- 
tains a report on the cure of ague with cubebs in appreciable 
doses, together with a statement of failure in attempts with 
attenuations. 

It may safely be set down as a general rule that cures in 
which massive doses are employed are not homoeopathic, and 
as an invariable rule that cures to which massive doses are 
indispensable are not homoeopathic. Dr. Salisbury has demon- 
strated the cause of ague, and asserts, as established by his 
observations, that the kidneys furnish the principal channels 
by which the fungous spores p&ss out of the system. 

A slight consideration of these facts will enable any one to 
understand why large doses of cubebs may cure, and why 
small ones, unless in some constitutions abnormally sensitive 
to their action, cannot cure. 



Sleep. — An instructive anecdote about sleeping is found in 
the life of that most excellent man, Josiah Quincy, who, like 
John Quincy Adams, was noted for early rising. The two 
being present at one of the lectures of the learned and able 
Judge Story, before his class, they both fell asleep. 

" There, young gentlemen," said the Judge, addressing his 
class, "yon behold the lamentable effects of the vicious habit 
of early rising." 

Not having the book before me, I do not pretend to give the 
exact words of the lecturer, but I give the substance. 

Let no one think that he saves anything by attempting to 
cheat himself out of his due share of sleep. Sleep is the 
repose of the brain, and it is the brain that is wearing out the 
people of Christendom, and especially of our own country. 

Take enough sleep and take it in bed and at night, it you 
can. 



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Atimtal §bmfaiim$. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
AFOCTNTJM ANDHOSEMIFOLTOM. 

BT CHARLES 1>. TUFFORD, M. D. 



In the Feb. number of the? Observer I find an article from 
the pen of Dr. Williams, St. Paul, Minn., on " Articular Rheu- 
matism." He is quite correct in all he says, and I wish, for 
the sake of homoeopathy, and "new remedies" in particular, 
that all homoeopaths knew the superiority of the Apocynum a. 
over nearly all other remedies in the treatment of most forms 
of rheumatism. I believe it comes near being a i€ specific " for 
this heretofore troublesome disease. 

You are no doubt well aware that my late partner, Prof. 
H. 0. Allen, was r not a particular friend to " new remedies," 
although he would use them in his daily practice. Now I have 
a great deal of faith in them, and when I say them, I mean all. 
And I come to this conclusion, from the success I have had 
with the use of a few, such as Apocynum c. and a., Iris v., 
Phytolacca d., Caulophyttum L, Cimicifuga, j^Esculus h. and g, 9 
Hydrastis <?., Oollinsonia c, Q-elseminum $., etc. These reme- 
dies have never failed to give satisfaction when properly pre- 
scribed. I believe that in time they will take the place of many 
of the old remedies, because of their greater efficacy. 



[For the Americas Homoeopathic Ohserrer.] 
INFLUENZA. 

BT B. B. WHITTIER, M. D., FITCHBUEQ, MASS. 

We have had, and are still having, a visit of epidemic Influ- 
enza, probably consequent upon the severity of our winter. It 
has the usual symptoms of a cold in head," coupled with "cold 
on chest." Commencing with the former, and from two to four 
days the latter is developed, and we have the disease in full 
operation. Our season is characterized by sharp, stinging cold ; 
wind piercing and biting. The attacks and their progress are 



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PHLEGMASIA ALBA DOLENS. ggl 

not uniform, and the disease no respector of persons, visiting all 
ages. In some cases the head symptoms predominate, in others 
those of the chest, and in a good proportion, where the treat- 
ment has been domestic dosing, have assumed a laryngeal com- 
plication, changing the cough, and passing current for whooping 
cough, even with some physicians. While many of these cases 
simulate capillary bronchitis, they do not take on any of the 
alarming conditions of that disease, even if neglected. There 
have been a few cases of genuine pneumonia in adults. The 
remedies that have met the epidemic in practice (i. e., cure) are 
Aconite or Verat. viride, Nuz v., and Tart emetic. Bryonia, if 
much pain in lungs, on coughing. Excessive cough, Belladonna. 
Night cough, Hyo8ciamu8. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
PHLEGMASIA ALBA DOLENS. 

BY 1AWDON ARNOLD, Jf. D. 



Mrs. S., set. 38, nervo-bilious temperament, mother of ten 
children, has been afflicted with milk leg since the birth of the 
fifth child ; had never consulted a homoeopath, but had been 
told by the allopaths that she could not be cured. Was taken 
sick June 24th with what appeared to be cholera morbus, and 
which gradually developed symptoms of a typhoid character, 
and being at the time eight months advanced in pregnancy. 
She aborted the seventh day. All the symptoms were at once 
doubled in severity ; passing rapidly into the severest form of 
typhoid fever, from which she recovered well under the usual 
treatment ; convalescence commencing the fifteenth day and pro- 
gressing steadily to usual health in every particular, except the 
legs, which were enormously swollen, so that she could not 
move them without help. The circulation was so much impe- 
ded that the feet and ankles were quite cedematous. Under 
the most discouraging circumstances I now began treating 
her. Allopathic friend trying to convince her that if her limbs 
were cured she must certainly die. The limbs being very pain- 
ful, I applied fomentations of hops and gave Hamamelis 9 
one drop every four hours. This treatment I continued until 
the swelling and pain were so much abated that I ordered the 

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CHRONIC INVEESION OF THE UTERUS. 

fomentations discontinued, still giving the Hamamelis, and 
despite all the warnings of friends, she was cured by the 
homoeopathic prescription, and remains well to this date, not a 
distended vessel now remaining to show the former seat of dis- 
ease. 



TFor the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
CHRONIC INVERSION OF THE UTERUS. 

A CASE OF EIGHT MONTHS' STANDING. — CUKE. 

BT B. B. ELLIS, M. D., DETROIT, MICH. 

By inversion of the womb is understood its being turned 
inside outwards, and of course upside down ; the fundus pre- 
senting downwards, and even in some cases externally, while 
the mouth looks upwards towards the abdomen. This is an 
accident that mainly befalls women in labor, or at the termi- 
nation of labor, and results from making too great traction 
upon the cord before the organ has sufficiently contracted down 
upon the placenta, after having expelled the more noble part 
of its contents. Although in very rare instances this has been 
known to occur spontaneously, still it may not be apprehended 
as at all likely to arise in cases of judicious management. The 
reports of the London and Dublin lying-in hospitals, where 
140,000 patients have been attended during parturition, state, 
that not a case of this kind had been met with. Practically, 
therefore, it may be considered as one of the unfortunate results 
of the employment of unskilled and ignorant persons in the 
management of cases of labor. 

Notwithstanding the happening of this is the greatest calam- 
ity that befalls the lying-in woman, nearly all writers agree, 
that taken at the outset, it may, with a good degree of certainty, 
be remedied at once. This consists in depressing or indenting 
the large or projecting portion of the tumor, and gradually 
carrying it upwards, through the neck of the womb, to its nor- 
mal position in the abdomen. But should it be allowed to 
remain in its prolapsed and inverted position, the most formid- 
able symptoms immediately ensue, resulting, in the majority of 
cases, in death in a few hours, from the tremendous shock to 
the nervous system, together with the excessive haemorrhage 



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CHRONIC INVERSION OP THE UTERUS. £88 

that necessarily follows. Yet there are cases in which nature 
is so enduring as to successfully resist the immediately fatal 
termination, and to postpone that result for weeks and months, 
and occasionally for an indefinite period. 

The object of this paper is to call attention to a new treat- 
ment of these latter cases, heretofore so long considered irrem- 
edial. Of the older writers, Denman, Dewees, Hunter and 
Ford, confessed their failure in every attempt they made for 
the restoration ot an inverted uterus, after the expiration of a 
few days' time, and generally this has been found impracti- 
cable after the expiration of a single hour. The reason for 
this, as one may readily perceive, is the contraction of the 
mouth of the uterus, which soon follows delivery, and which 
prevents the passage ol the body .of the organ through it. 

If reversion, or a turning back of the womb, is not accom- 
plished very soon, we have the chronic form of the difficulty, 
which may be stated as at about two weeks, "after which," 
Prof. Byford, in his very excellent work on the Medical and 
Surgical Diseases of Women, informs us, " the circumstance 
and condition of the uterus and patient become, what they 
remain in the future, however long it lasts," fr which are deplora- 
ble m the extreme. 

It is quite surprising, that with all the resources of modern 
surgery, some means have not been devised for the successful 
and certain restoration of an inverted uterus. It is true that 
in one case of five months' standing, Prof. White, of Buffalo, 
succeeded in curing his patient ; but by means that are not, I 
think, generally applicable. Such as introducing the hand 
within the vagina, squeezing the womb to reduce it in size, and 
crowding it violently upwards, with a large bougie ; comple- 
ting the operation in somewhat over one hour, the patient 
meanwhile under the influence of chloroform. 

A sufficient commentary on this plan was the entire failure 
of Dr. McClintock, of Dublin, in three cases, where he tried 
it with great perseverance, and was obliged, finally, to resort 
to amputation of the womb. For this purpose he used the 
ligature and ecrasenr combined, taking the womb off at the 
neck. Usually this can be done in from ten to thirty minutes, 

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ggjf, CHRONIC INVERSION OF THE UTERUS, 

with the loss of but little blood. The great objection to this 
method of course is, that it j;enders the patient forever after 
sexually neuter. Nor is it altogether free from danger. Dr. 
West gives forty-eight cases of amputation of the womb, with 
recovery in thirty-six instances; twelve terminated fatally. 
Yet nearly all surgeons agree that this is preferable to trusting 
the patient to palliative means alone, where, as is generally the 
case, she is going downwards through the different grades of 
chronic exhaustion to final dissolution. 

A great desideratum, then, is some means by which an 
inverted uterus, of however long standing, may be reverted, or 
turned back with safety and certainty. Reasoning from " gene- 
ral principles," and with the confirmations of recent experi- 
ence, I believe that such may now be considered an accom- 
plished fact, and as one of the recognized expedients of modern 
surgery. This consists in gradual pressure, applied to the fun- 
dus of the womb, with the view of carrying it upwards through 
the dilated os uteri ; this pressure to be continuous, and grad- 
ually increased, through a period of six to ten days, more or 
less. 

When we take into account the wonderful evolutions that 
this organ is subjected to in the processes of nature; its 
susceptibility to dilatation, and increase in its size of from ten 
to twenty fold, as occurs in gestation ; the readiness with which 
the mouth may be dilated by mechanical means, &c, it is 
realty not surprising that its reversion has been and may be 
brought about. Moreover, it will readily be perceived that 
this is but the reverse of the process of inversion in those cases 
where it is produced by the weight of a polypus, which by a 
long and slim neck is attached to the inner and upper part of 
the womb. Eigby and Richter give cases of inversion pro- 
duced in this way. A case of this kind is now under my own 
observation. 

Of the turning of an inverted uterus by this new plan of 
gradual pressure, I am not able to find a case as having occurred 
among American surgeons. Dr. Tyler Smith of London suc- 
ceeded in one case, by introducing the hand, twice per day, 
into the vagina, and squeezing the womb, to reduce its size, and 



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CHRONIC INVERSION OF THE UTERUS* 925 

keeping a gum-elastic air-bag distended in the vagina, and in 
contact with the uterus, to press it upwards. Dr. Fessenmayer 
of Germany, also succeeded by similar means. (Vide Detroit 
Medical Review, Dec, 1867.) My own experience is against 
the success of the air-bag alone ; but it is certainly a valuable 
auxiliary. In the case related below, I made use of a similar 
instrument, the colpeurynter, in combination with a device 
herewith illustrated, which enabled me to apply the force to 
the right point, and in the proper direction to effect the desired 
result. 

Fig. 1 represents ^the in- 
verted uterus, as it is found 
in all these cases, contracted 
down to near its normal size. 
The dotted Ifne A, shows 
where amputation is general- 
ly made. Fig. 2 is the womb, 
after the air-bag has been 
applied for a few days, — the 
mouth of the uterus reflected 
over, and the cervix or neck 
passed through to the large 
part of the organ, at which 
point the air-bag has ex- 
hausted its power. Now, to 
complete the process of re- 
version with entire certainty, as I believe, the cup-shaped in- 
strument, made of hard rubber, A, with the stem D, of silver, 
or other non-corroding substance, is passed through the longi- 
tudinal opening in the colpeurynter, C, as shown in the cut. 
Upon this stem is a movable button, B, with a strong cord, 
following the stem to the outer extremity, where it is tied, and 
where it may be strained up as tightly as necessary. It will 
be readily seen that when the colpeurynter is within the vagina, 
and resting upon the perineum, as it is inflated, or as the cord 
and button are drawn down and tied to the stem, the latter, 
with the cup, which embraces the fundus of the womb, is car- 
ried upwards, and with a force too that muscular contraction 
cannot well resist. 
Feb. 18, 1868, was called to see Mrs. L. The patient is 
17 

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See CRBONIG INVERSION OF THE UTERUS. 

twenty-two yean of age. Her first child was born seven 
months ago ; was attended by a " doctor/' who, as she says, 
after the birth of the child, made immediate efforts to remove 
the placenta. The latter came, and with it the womb itself, 
completely inverted. She instantly became insensible, and 
remained so for five days. The doctor informed the friends 
that he "put back" the prolapsed organ; but he probably 
contented himself with merely hiding it within the external 
organs, as, on about the eighth day thereafter, on her assuming 
the upright position, a large mass came down. Supposing 
that this should go back, she accordingly returned it. From 
this time onward she has been subjected to most terrible haem- 
orrhages every seven to ten days, with a copious and exhaust- 
ing watery and glairy leucorrhoeal discharge, during the 
intervals. She is very anaemic, and gradually failing in 
strength, presenting all the symptoms of chronic exhaustion. 
A digital examination at once revealed an inverted uterus of 
about the natural or unimpregnated size. (Fig 1.) This diag- 
nosis was farther confirmed by the speculum. I would say 
here, that in a case, or suspected case of this kind, where the 
history renders it at all doubtful as to its nature, a valuable 
diagnostic means is found in the catheter, which may be intro- 
duced into the bladder. If there be inversion, the instrument 
may be made to sweep back and forth over the mouth of the 
womb, nearly in contact with the finger, when the latter is 
passed far up on its posterior surface. 

Feb. 21. — Began treatment by introducing the air-bag and 
inflating it to a not uncomfortable degree. Next day increased 
the pressure considerably. On examination, the following or 
third day, found that the os uteri was dilated so that the cervix 
had passed through it up to the body of the womb. (Fig. 2,) 
This pressure was cautiously increased for two weeks longer, 
but no progress was made towards a favorable termination. 
At the expiration of this time I applied the apparatus shown in 
Fig. 2. Twenty-four hours after saw the patient, and as it was 
producing no particular discomfort, I strained it more tightly, 
both by tying the cord shorter and inflating the colpeurynter 
somewhat. Six hours after this, she had considerable pain, 

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A HEW ANAESTHETIC. £27 

like labor pains, which continued for three or four hours, and 
then suddenly subsided. I did not see her until the expiration 
of twenty-four hours from my last visit. On removing the 
colpeurynter, I found the cup within the womb, which firmly 
embraced it. Gradual drawing by the wire for a few minutes 
sufficed to release it There was necessarily considerable 
tumefaction of the uterus and surrounding parts, which, three 
days after, had nearly subsided. At this time the catheter 
could be passed into the womb a distance of three inches, 
demonstrating a complete restoration of the organ to its nor- 
mal place. 

My friend Dr. E. T. Adams, of this city, saw the patient 
frequently, with me, and to him I am indebted for valuable 
advice. It is worth while to state that during the treatment, 
which extended through about nineteen days, there was no 
hemorrhage, and she slowly improved in strength, although 
the leucorrheal discharge was profuse. No doubt the continu- 
ous pressure prevented the haemorrhage. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.) 
A NEW ANESTHETIC. 



The Bichloride of Methylene has been experimented with by 
Dr. Richardson of England for anaesthetic effects, and thus far 
with good results. After using it for some time on lower ani- 
mals, he resolved to test its effects upon himself. He inhaled 
it to unconsciousness, in his laboratory, but when he awoke he 
found himself in the yard adjoining. He subsequently admin- 
istered it to one or two others, and the results obtained are :— 
That it seems to produce as deep an insensibility as chloroform, 
is as quick in its action in producing sleep, while the return to 
consciousness is at once sudden and complete. In the form of 
vapor it is not unpleasant to inhale, and does not irritate the 
air passages to any greater extent than other anaesthetics, 
although it will sometimes produce vomiting. 

This fluid " chloromethyl," (as it has been called,) is color- 
less, and possesses an odor quite similar to that of chloroform, 
and the liquid will combine with ether or chlorororm in all 

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8$8 REMARKABLE CASE OF CONSTIPATION. 

proportions. It boils at 88° Fahr., and has a specific gravity 
of 1.344, and its vapor has a specific gravity of 2.937. 

It requires more in bulk of this fluid than chloroform to pro- 
duce insensibility. b. w. j. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer. J 

3LE CASE OF CONSTIPATION. 



E. Faulkner, M. D., Erie, Pa., reports the following strange 
case of constipation : Who will explain it ? 

Mrs. J. D., aged 20 ; medium size, light hair and complex- 
ion ; applied to me on the 1st Sept., 1867, for ranula, which, 
upon being opened, discharged about one fluid ounce of clear 
ropy fluid. In conversation with her in regard to the case, the 
following statement was elicited. 

She was married in Feb. 1866, hadj always enjoyed good 
health previously. About the 5th March following she became 
pregnant, and on the 5th November was delivered of a child 
weighing nine pounds. The child, however, lived but a few 
minutes. In about three-quarters of an hour after the birth of 
the child she had a large costive stool. This was the only pas- 
sage of fecal matter from her bowels during the whole period of 
pregnancy, from 5th March to 5th Nov., eight months ! During 
this time she made two attempts at movement of the bowels, 
but the pain was so great that the attempts were ineffectual. 
About three months after she became pregnant she took, as a 
cathartic, a teaeupfull of epsom salts, in coffee, without any 
effect. 

For about four months after her confinement,|her bowels 
were as regular as they were before marriage, an evacuation 
being had every day, or two days at most. Then, about the 1st 
March, 1867, she again became pregnant, and for three months 
from that time she had no movement from the bowels. She 
then, (at three months,) complained of headache and pain in 
the bowels, which she attributed to getting her feet wet. A 
neighbor was called in, who gave her about three ounces of cas- 
tor oil, ip. whisky and hot water, at 2 o'clock, p. m., and at 9 p. 
$h^ had a moderate-sized costive stool. From that to the pres- 

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CACTUS IN ASTHMA AND HEART AFFECTIONS. 

ent she has had a movement of the bowels every one, two or 
three days. 

During all this time her health was apparently as good as it 
has ever been, with the exception of the time mentioned above, 
when she took the oil. Her appetite has been good throughout, 
she using hearty food and drinking a great deal of tea and 
water. During these long periods of constipation the secretion 
from the kidneys was considerably more than normal, but no 
more perspiration than usual. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
CACTUS IN ASTHMA AND HEART AFFECTIONS.; 

BY C. D. CLAW80X, M. ]>., CANOOA, H. T. 



Mr. — , aged 30, billious temperament ; came to my office 
complaining of severe pain ; discribed as being " sharp/' in the 
region of the heart ; with occasionally violent palpitation. On 
close examination I came to the conclusion the case was one 
of rheumatism of the muscular structure of the heart ; the 
patient having previously complained of pain in different parts 
of the system, and all had disappeared on the development of 
the heart symptoms, which occurred the day before. 

The action of the heart was spasmodic ; that is, there were 
regular pulsations that were normal ; these were followed, at 
irregular intervals, by a tumultuous action attended with a 
sound and an impulse against the walls of the chest, as if the 
heart was turning in the pericardium. 

The pulse varied from 80 to 85. The patient had not been 
able to lie down to sleep night or day for six months, in con- 
sequence of asthma. He had been treated by a number of 
physicians, both homoeopathic and allopathic, at intervals for 
ten or twelve years for the asthmatic trouble, with only tempo- 
rary relief ; at no time passing more than a month without an 
attack ; in fact, he has been almost a martyr to that disease. 
In examinations of the chest, I never discovered any disease, 
either organic or functional, of the heart, and he tells me that 
he never had any pain in that region before. 

I prescribed Cactus grand. 6 , a dose every twelve hours, to be 

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880 ABSCESS OF THE AKTBUM. 

discontinued as soon as improvement commenced ; directing 
the patient to report to me in four days. 

Accordingly, after the third dose, the patient being much 
better, discontinued the remedy, and the case progressed favor- 
ably without interruption, and at the end of the four days, 
thinking medicine unnecessary, did not report to me as directed. 
In the course of two months after the prescription was made, 
we chanced to meet, when the patient said : " Doctor, that 
medicine you gave me, not only cured my heart, it has played 
the deuce with my heaves, for I have been to bed every night 
since." 

It is now four months, and the patient has had no return of 
asthma or heart difficulty. 

Diseases of the heart, in all their forms, have always been a 
terror to me ; but thanks to Hale, Kubini, Lippe and others, 
we are passing that point. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
ABSCESS OF THE ANTRUM. 

BY HBHBY 8. CHASE, M. D., D. D. 8., ST. LOUIS, MO. 



Besides the other various causes which may produce the 
above affections, those originiating from the teeth should not 
be forgotten. / 

The floor of the antrum is immediately over the roots of the 
second bicuspid, and first and second molars. A thin plate of 
bone covers them, often no thicker than tissue paper. In some 
dry specimens these roots may be seen protruding into the cave 
without bony covering. 

In pericementitis, (dental pereostitis,) pus is often formed in 
large quantities from the pericementum, and as it accumulates, 
the bony walls of the socket are absorbed, and the product finds 
an outlet, either through ' the outer or inner walls of the 
alveolus, or through its bottom. In the latter case, it would 
be evacuated into the antrum. 

If the roots penetrate this cave, then the pus is pretty certain 

| to take this method of escape. As is well known, the opening 

from the nasal passages into the antrum, is near the superior 

portion of the latter, consequently it is a cup, which will con- 



ABSCESS OF THE ANTRUM. 831 

tain a large amount of fluid, either in the erect position, or in 
the horizontal, it the patient lies on the side affected. 

Therefore, as the disease (pericementitis) progresses, the pus 
accumulates in the sinus, until it is full, may be. It decomposes, 
and there is a horrid stench arrising from it continually, and if 
the patient breathes in your face, it will be unbearable. 

When the cavity is full, it begins to run out into the nasal 
passage of the side affected. The fluid will very likely excoriate 
the skin, and there will.be redness about the nostril. Of course 
there has been a great deal of pain in the face, there is a press- 
ing pain ; the cheek of that side will be red ; there is conges- 
tion of the gums, the tooth from which proceeds the trouble, 
is loose. If the tooth is examined, a cavity will be found to 
the pulp (nerve) cavity, and in most cases the pulp will be 
found dead. 

Crottmle88 roots are often the cause of this affection, and 
should be extracted immediately. But if there is a crown 
to the tooth, extraction must not take place ! A tooth should 
not, and need not be sacrificed under these circumstances. The 
tooth should be treated, and saved by some one who knows 
how to do it. Of course the contents of the antrum should 
be immediately evacuated ; and this is very easily done, and 
with less pain than the extraction of a tooth, by piercing the 
antral walls between the roots of the second biscuspid and first 
molar, or between those of the latter tooth and the second 
molar. 

The walls are very thin, almost as thin as thin paper, and 
the operation is almost bloodless. When evacuated, the cave 
should be throughly syringed with tepid clear water. The last 
injection each day should have two or three drops of kreosote 
in it. Mercurius vivus xtfVo w ^ ^ veT 7/ useful, as a constitu- 
tional remedy. It is, in fact, a specific for pericementitis. And 
of course this disease is to be cured before the antral affection 
is removed. 

But for this form of pericementitis, (suppurative), the tissue 
at the end of the roots, which is the seat of the diseased action, 
the connective tissue from which are distinguished all these pus 
cells, must be cauterised. To do this, cleanse the pulp chamber 



88$ 

of the tooth by instruments and injections of water. Place a 
drop of kreosote on a bit of cotton, and put it into the pulp 
cavity. Then take a bit of soft rubber and pl«e over this, 
and with a small blunt instrument, for a piston, press the 
rubber against the kreosote, and work at it until you think you 
have forced the caustic through the roots into the pericemental 
tissue. This may usually be known by a burning feeling, ex- 
perienced by the patient. In fact, considerable pain is often 
felt at the moment l.he kreosote passes through the root. 
There is also an aggravation of the symptoms the next day, 
if the kreosote took effect. This aggravation nearly always 
results in a speedy cure. 

• I have written this, that general practitioners may know 
that such teeth can, and ought to be saved, and also to show 
one of the causes of antral abscess. 



[For the American Homoeopathio Obserrer.] 

The "New Remedies" in the Treatment of Diphtheria. 

BT T. fl. HOYNK, M. D., CHICAGO. 



It is well in treating diphtheria to remember that several of 
the new remedies, judging from the symptoms, are almost 
specific in certain forms of this terrible affection. Among the 
most important are Phytolacca, Baptisia, Hydrastis, and Cimicifu- 
ga, and for the sequelae, Gefoemimum. 

Phytolacca, perhaps, is the most important, and is indicated in 
a large number of cases. The general symptoms are, pain in the 
forehead, of a dull,aching character,increased by motion,head hot, 
face livid, skin dry and harsh, great prostration, weakness of the 
upper extremities, especially, with drowsiness, nausea, vomiting 
and frequently diarrhoea. The characteristic symptoms are stiff- 
ness of the neck ; redness and swelling of the soft palate, tonsils, 
oesophagus, and frequently the roof of the mouth, with con- 
stant inclination to swallow, accompanied with more or less 
pain ; the taste is metallic or lost ; the tongue raw with blis- 
ters on the side, and feels rough ; the appetite lost ; the saliva 
increased ; and the breath offensive. At a late stage of the 
disease, the vision is impaired, and the hearing dull. 

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DBOTAL PHYSIOLOGY. £38 

Baptisia is indicated when the following sypmtoms are pres- 
ent, viz : Prostration, chilliness of the lower limbs and hack, 
with fever at • night ; burning heat of the face, with flushed 
cheeks ; pulse accelerated or slower than Jn health ; headache ; 
bruised feeling in the occiput ; tonsils and soft palate swollen, 
with constant inclination to swallow, not accompanied with pain ; 
aphonia ; the tongue is coated white, yellow, or yellowish- 
brown, and feels as if burnt or scalded; the root especially, is 
swollen, and feels numb ; constipation, or diarrhoea, 'the stools 
being dark and blood streaked. Occasionally delirium, with 
confusion of sight, and almost complete deafness. 

Hydrastis is indicated when the patient complains of chilliness, 
although well covered ; the headaches of a beating or darting 
character, and not confined to any one locality ; the stools consist 
entirely of blood ; and epistaxis is a prominent symptom. The 
other symptoms do not differ essentially from those given under 
Phytolacca and Baptisia. 

Cimicifuga is an important remedy in those cases in which 
the patient complains of considerable pain in the back, relieved 
by rest and increased by motion. There is a constant desire to 
swallow, but the act is attended with difficulty ; the mouth and 
often the throat is filled with a thick saliva, which it is difficult 
to remove ; and the patient perspires greatly during the night. 

For the following sequelae of diptheria Gelseminum is a good 
remedy, viz : Paralysis of the palate, of the face, of the lower 
extremities, of the sphincter ani, and of the bladder ; debility, 
and ancemia. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
DENTAL PHYSIOLOGY. 

BY HKN&T S. CHAWt, Jf. D., J>. J>. 8., IT. LOUIS, MO. 



I saw, to-day, the left upper canine standing in the place of 
the second bicuspid, which had been extracted. The cuspid 
pointed backward, and the root evidently pointed anteriorly 
over the root of the first bicuspid. There was plenty of room 
in front of the first bicuspid for the ^canine, and this is its 
natural position. 

How, then, came it to take this mal-position ? 

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&4 BILUBT CALCULI, 

. It is impossible to know certainly, but very likely it was pro- 
duced by decay and premature extraction of the temporary 
milk molars. But how could such an operation effect such a 
transportation of the canine ? 

Answer. — By breaking open the septa, which divided the 
canine from the second milk molar, while both were in the 
pulp condition, disturbing the position of the germ or pulp 
of the canine, so that its crown was directed towards the open- 
ing, and thus as the crown and root developed, it was forced to 
take the position in which I found it. 

So, also, might alveolar abscess, caused by decay of the milk 
molars, produce a disintegration of the alveolar septa, and 
throw the canine and bicuspid pulps into one cavity. Both 
of these causes might have been at work in this case. 

First, dental decay. Then exposure and death of the pulp> 
followed by putrefaction of the latter, and consequent inflam- 
mation, which resulted in alveolar abscess. The latter indu- 
cing the extraction of the milk molars. 

I have for many years contended that the premature extrac- 
tion of the deciduous teeth induce irregularities. Have seen 
many cases similar to the above, corroborating these views. 
Therefore, I insist on the preservation of the milk teeth. 
Hygienic means should be used to ward off decay ; and when 
decayed, they should be saved by the operation of plugging. 
That these measures may be carried out, every child, after it is 
three years of age, should be under the professional supervision 
of a dentist. 

General practitioners of medicine ought to know these facts, 
and work harmoniously with the dental profession, which is in 
fact, and should be in name, a specialty of the healing art. 



fFor the American Homoeopathic Obaerrer.l 
BILIABY CALCULI. 

BT BAWDOX A.BWOLD, M. D. 



I find Colocynth 8 to exercise a complete control over the 
excessive pain during their passage, while Aconite 10 °, in atten- 
uation with Nux vom. 8 °, rapidly effected a cure. I should like 
to hear, if you know of any one having employed Colocynth for 

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NASAL CATABKH. 986 

the same purpose. The symptoms for which it was prescribed 
were ; Twisting, boring pain in the stomach, relieved by pres- 
sure ; rending, tearing pain, extending up to the right mammae ; 
nausea, with coldness of the extremities. The last attack of 
pain was controlled in five minutes. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Otarrerj 
NAflAX CATABKH. 

BY X. M. FATVI, M. P., DOTBB, R. fl. 

As I promised you some time since, a treatment for catarrh 
of the head, (nasal catarrh,) for want of time to write an article 
for publication, I will simply give you a prescription to try in 
your practice, which has been more successful, with me, than 
any or all other remedies that I have used in that obstinate 
disease. 

I make a strong tincture of cantharides, by using one-eighth 
part acetic acid to alcohol. Of this tincture I usually prepare 
a dilution about ^ or ^, and in extreme cases, I add five to 
ten drops of tincture opium to the ounce. Of this dilution, I 
prescribe from two to five drops in five or six tablespoonsful of 
warm water to be inhaled, or snuffed up the head, or thrown up 
by the use of a syringe, as often as the severity of the case re- 
quires. When there is a cough, or irritation in the throat, I 
give one or two drops in cold water, to be taken internally. 
The strength and repetition of the dose must be varied accord- 
ing to the patient and severity of the case. I also give inter- 
nally Bhus venenata 8 d to 6 th, at ten every morning, alternate 
weeks in cases of long standing, which I believe to be a good 
remedy for the dyscrasia, which is really the cause of the 
catarrh, to a greater or less extent. 

Some of Dr. Lippe's followers, no doubt, would object to 
combining opium and canth., but from careful observations, 
and considerable experience in the treatment of this kind of 
disease, I know the preparation above, controls the trouble, 
and gives immediate relief better than anything I have ever 
used. In some cases I give a dose of sulphur occasionally. 

The above treatment will, I believe, cure any case of catarrh 
of the head and throat, if properly administered. I have used 

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$36 HEABT CLOTS. 

Eupatorium aromat. also Sanguinaria canaden. for the disease 
in question, with very fair success, but the results have not 
been so satisfactory. 

The Canth. and Ehus ven., given alone, will produce good 
results, according to my experience, but people afflicted with 
catarrh, do not wish to be subjected to a long course of treat- 
ment without immediate relief, and if they can have that, they 
will generally follow directions until the cure is completed. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Obeexrer.] 

HEABT CLOTS, 

AS A CAUSE OF SUDDEN DEATH. 

BT A. 1. THOMAS, M. D. 

Protestor of Anatomy in Hahnemann Medical College of Pennsylvania, 

Every commmunity is now and then appalled by the intelli- 
gence of the sudden death of some of its members. Without 
warning, or perhaps with but a few hours notice, they are 
struck down, and friends are left to mourn and wonder upon 
the uncertainty of human life. Prominent among the causes 
of these sudden catastrophes, are apoplexy, disease of the heart, 
bursting of aneurisms, and strangulation ; diseases of the 
heart, being, perhaps, a more frequent cause than any other. 
Valvular affections, hypertrophy, fatty degeneration, or rupture, 
may each be followed by sudden death ; while another, though 
perhaps more rare, and less clearly understood cause, may be 
the formation of fibrinous clots in one or more of the heart's 
cavities. For the purpose of throwing some additional light 
upon this obscure subject, I report the following case : 

On May 3d, I was called to visit Master L. S. H 9 aged 

11 years. Found him, at 11 A. M., with an extremely pallid 
countenance, and bloodless lips ; skin of natural temperature, 
and slightly moist ; tongue slightly coated ; great restlessness 
and distress, with extreme dyspnoea ; mind wandering ; -pulse 
but slightly irregular, seventy-five per minute, and feeble. In 
the neck, noticed a rapid rolling pulsation, which presented two 
beats to one at the wrist. Upon placing the fingers upon the 
pulsating vessel, found from its superficial position, and soft 
character, that it was evidently the jugular vein. Percussion 



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HEAET CLOTS. 887 

over the lungs, gave the usual resonance of health ; respiratory 
murmer, very loud, through both lungs ; auscultation of the 
heart disclosed a very tumultuous action of that organ, in 
which the second sound was scarcely audible, being obscured by 
a strong bellows murmer. 

Upon enquiry, learned that on the previous day the lad 
went to school in his usual health ; while there he was taken 
with a chill ; on his way home vomited freely j the chill lasted 
for a long time ; was very severe, and was accompanied with 
an oppression in breathing, which gradually increased through 
the day and night, up to the time of my visit. Suffered much 
pain in the chest during the night ; became delirious, talking 
continually of his studies, etc. ; chill followed by imperfect re- 
action ; moderate fever and no perspiration ; had always been 
extremely pale ; had an attack of chills and fever after return- 
ing from the country last August. 

"With this present condition, and past history, what must be 
my diagnosis ? The great dyspnoea, judging from physical 
signs, could not be caused by effusion in the chest, congestion 
of the lungs, or any other direct pulmonary difficulty. The 
cause for this, was evidently in the heart, and from the pulsation 
of the jugular veins, must be upon the right side, and probably 
at the auriculo- ventricular opening. Could there be thickening, 
and imperfect closure of the tri-cuspid valves ? The patient 
had never had acute rheumatism to cause such a condition, 
neither had he suffered from any dropsical or other symptoms 
to indicate its existence. Was the chill the cause of the heart 
disturbance ; or, on the other hand, did the trouble at the heart 
cause the chill ? Without fully satisfying my mind upon all 
of these points, directed a hot pediluvium, prescribed Aconite 
and Oantu8 9 to be taken in alternation every half hour, and left, 
promising to call again early in the afternoon. 

Upon arriving at the house at 4\ P. M., found the patient 
had expired a few moments before. Learned that there had 
been no improvement after my morning visit, but that he had 
gradually sunk ; the mind continuing to wander, the pulse 
growing weaker and slower, until finally, the heart failing to 
furnish the nervous centres with a sufficient supply of arterial 

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£S8 HEAKT CLOTS. 

blood, they, in return, refused to send back a supply of nervous 
force for the stimulation of the heart and muscles of respira- 
tion, and thus, from the arrest of these three great functions, 
constituting the trinity of life — heart-pulsation, innervation and 
respiration — death ensued. 

The value of the sciences of diagnostics, pathology and 
pathological anatomy, is most forcibly felt in a case of this 
kind. Without, their aid, it would be impossible to solve the 
mystery of such a suddenly fatal result, and the bereaved 
friends would in vain call for an explanation of their irrepara- 
ble loss. 

In completing my diagnosis of this case, I had the following 
points to guide me, each acting as an important link in the 
chain leading from cause to effect : 

First — The previous ancemic condition of the patient. 

Second — The severe chill, attended with great reduction of 
the vital force. 

Third — Absence of fever, with slow feeble pulse. 

Fourth — Double pulsation of jugular veins. 

From these facts, my conclusions were : First, that the 
chill was the first link in the chain, and being of a congestive 
character, and attended with extremely slow circulation of the 
blood through the heart, with great reduction of the vital 
force ; these circumstances, favored by the anaemic condition 
of the blood, had resulted in the formation of a fibrinous heart 
elot. Second, that this clot was on the right side of the heart, 
its presence causing regurgitation into and pulsation of the 
jugulars, and so deranging the action of this important organ 
as to cause death. 

Announcing this as my diagnosis, I asked for a post mortem 
examination for its confirmation. Permission being given, on 
the next day, twenty hours after death, I made an autopsy, 
assisted by Drs. Buckman and Weaver. Found the surface of 
the body presenting a peculiar waxen, semi-transparent appear- 
ance. Upon exposure of the abdominal viscera, the liver was 
found of a dark mottled appearance, and highly congested. 
Spleen natural in color and size. Stomach and intestines 
natural. Pericardium found to contain near one ounce of 

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HEAKT CLOTS. 



serum. No effusion into the cavity of the pleura or peri- 
toneum. 

Upon opening the right auricle of the heart, found a firm 
fibrinous mass, projecting upwards through the ventricular 
opening, and which, upon the ventricle being opened, was 
found firmly attached to the tri-euspid valves, and entangled 
with the tendinous cords and fleshy columns. The presence 
of such a body, in this position, it was evident, must so inter- 
fere with the passage of the blood from the auricle to the ven- 
tricle, as, upon the systole of the former cavity, to cause a 
backward pressure of the blood into the veins. 

Again, from its preventing the closure of the valves upon 
the systole of the ventricle, there would be both a regurgitation 
into the auricle, and the same backward flow into the veins, 
thus producing the double pulsations of the jugular veins seen 
during life. The clot in this case, was the size of half a hen's 
egg, of amber color, entirely destitute of blood corpuscles, 
firm, elastic, and presenting a fibrous or semi-organized 
appearance. 

While these fibrinous deposits have long been recognized as 
forming now and then in the heart, they have generally been 
looked upon as post rather than ante-mortem formations. 
Previous to the appearance of Dr. Kichardson's, (of London,) 
monograph, " On fibrinous depositions in the heart," in 1860, 
but little attention had been given to this subject by the 
medical profession. From their fleshy appearance, they had 
often been looked upon as polypoid in their character, and are 
now frequently spoken of as false polypi. Oraigie, in his 
Pathological Anatomy, makes no mention of heart clots. 
Carpenter alludes to them, but evidently regards them as results 
rather than causes of death. Dr. Meigs in his Obstetrics (1849) 
first points out the danger from this source, to women who 
have lost large quantities of blood in labor. Churchill also 
(1851) includes it among the causes of sudden death in purtu- 
rient women. 

The important points of Dr. Kichardson's observations, may 
be briefly summed up as follows : 

First — That there is a class of cases, in which there is 
apparently a deficiency of fibrin, and an impoverished condi- 
tion of the blood, as in the scurvy and purpura, fibrinous clots 
not unfrequently form, causing sudden death. 

Second — Where there is a relative increase of fibrin, as in 
cases of rapid flux from the alimentary canal in cholera, or 
fatal purging ; or from great prostration from loss of blood, 
there is great danger of these deposits forming in the heart. 

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$lfi HEART CLOTS. 

Third — The condition most favorable for fibrinous separa- 
tions, is that in which the blood undergoes an absolute increase 
or fibrine. Under this head may be included a large number 
of diseases, marked by inflammatory symptoms, and always 
running a more or less acute course, and as pneumonia, croup, 
diphtheria, inflammatory rheumatism, erysipelas, inflamma- 
tions of the serous membranes, reactive fever following surgical 
operations, and inflammatory lesion in the uterus and peritoneum 
after parturition. 

He still further maintains, that there are other cases in 
which the deposition of fibrin in the heart as a consequence 
of the increased amount in the blood, is so rapid, that death 
takes place from the obstruction, before any local symptom of 
disease is developed ; and that in some cases of acute pneumo- 
nia, pleurisy, etc., which would otherwise recover, the fibrinous 
deposits are the sole cause of death. In fatal cases of croup, 
where the symptoms consist of great dyspncBa, pallid face and 
lips, cold extremities, and very feeble pulse, he says post 
mortem examinations will disclose fibrinous deposits in the 
heart, and such cases, if operated upon, are sure to die ; while, 
if there be turgescence and lividity of the face, with bluenesB of 
the lips, accompanied with extreme dyspnoea, the obstruction 
is evidently in the trachea, and the cure, therefore, offers much 
greater hope of recovery by operation. 

These points in relation to croup, if confirmed by further 
observation, will become of inestimable value to the surgeon, 
and may assist in rendering the operation of tracheotomy in 
croup, one of the most successful in surgery. 

Double pulsation of the jugulars, it would appear, has not 
heretofore been noticed in connection with heart clots ; at least 
no mention is made of it ; yet when the formation is on the 
right side of the heart, and of such size as to obstruct the 
action of the tri-cuspid valves, a careful observation would, 
probably, in most cases, disclose the presence of this symptom. 
W hen occurring in connection with a pallor of the countenance, 
and great difficulty of breathing ; and when there is no evidence 
of disease of tri-cuspid valves, pulsation of the jugular veins 
must be looked upon as a highly diagnostic symptom of fibrin- 
ous deposits. 

Although our present knowledge upon this subject may be 
of little avail in averting fatal results in cases of this kind, 
still, it will enable us to become more accurate in our diagnosis 
and prognosis, may save us from false practice, and ultimately 
lead to suggestions bearing upon curative treatment. 



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$ auk liiiim, stt- 



" Jahr's Ventereax Diseases." Translated by C. J. Hempel, 
M. D. 8vo., cloth, bevelled edges, 428 pages. Price $4.00. 
Published by Wm. Rvlde, New York. For sale by Dr. E. 
A. Lodge, Homoeopathic Pharmacy, 51 Wayne street, 
Detroit, Michigan. 

In the whole range of subjects to which the attention of the 
busy practitioner is directed, none give him greater trouble or 
vex him more by the multitudinous forms in which they appear 
before him, than venereal diseases. Unless his experience is 
very large indeed, derived from long association with a popular 
syphilitic hospital, or an extensive and protracted practice in 
which diseases of the generative organs and their sequehe have 
been a speciality, he is continually puzzled with the appear- 
ance of eruptions such as he never saw before, to which he 
finds it difficult, not only to give a name, but to find an origin, 
or against which to direct the force of a true specific. 

Clever and well-trained diagnosticians often find it difficult 
to distinguish between such diseases as Herpes circinnatus, 
Ecthyma simplex, Lichen simplex, Pityriasis, Psoriasis, simple 
Eczema, Ephides hepatica, and many other forms of dermoid 
diseases, and true syphilitic exanthems, as for example, Herpes 
syphilitic, Ecthyma syphiiitecum, Lichen syphiliticus, Pem- 
phigus syphiliticus, Rhypia etc., etc. 

Medical writers have, to some extent, both in Europe and 
America, attempted to aid the profession by devoting their pens 
to the elucidation of this important branch, but in most cases, 
have not attempted anything like an exhaustive treatise, but 
have written monographs on some one or more subdivisions of 
the subject ; and our standard works of theory and practice, 
(not only homoeopathic, but allopathic and ecletic,) contain 
more of fanciful and far-fetched theories, than well proven and 
incontrovertible facts. 

Hahnemann himself has not supplied the deficiency, probably 
owing to the circumstance that until the last few years of his 
. 18 



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Sjft BOOK NOTICES. 

life, he was not sufficiently acquainted with the subject, not 
having had a suitable field for observation. 

It is with the highest gratification, therefore, we received 
from the hands of the gifted translator, Jahr's work on venereal 
diseases, in an English dress. And first, in reference to the 
work itself, we need only say that it is the carefully prepared 
compendium of the experience and reading of one of the most 
studious, erudite, and observant of our school, who has devoted 
special attention to the subject of which he treats, for a period 
of over twenty years. The character and design of the work 
cannot be better summed up than by quoting the author's own 
words in the preface, where he says : "In offering this volume, 
my special aim has been to furnish the busy practitioner of our 
school, who has not the time to verify, in such cases as may 
fall under his notice, the correctness of the observations con- 
tained in our manunls, by comparing them with upwards of a 
hundred original works, a treatise where he finds condensed 
and critically considered, in as brief a space as possible, every- 
thing noteworthy that the authors of those works have written 
on the pathological nature, diagnosis, and course of veneral dis- 
eases, but where the cures of these diseases reported by our 
own authors, are likewise subjected to a careful review and 
analysis. In one word, what I designed to accomplish in 
arranging this work, was to place the practitioner in possession 
of a guide, both intelligible and trustworthy, that should lead 
him without much useless trouble, through the still compara- 
tively unknown domain of chronic syphilis, and render a 
knowledge of this disease even under its most hidden forms as 
easy as that of primary gonorrhoea, chancre, bubo and sycosic- 
condylomata." 

This purpose he has fully carried out with a master's hand. 
Some readers will probably complain that the therapeutic direc- 
tions are somewhat meagre. Many drugs the provings of 
which seem to point them out as admirably adapted to the 
cure of certain forms of secondary syphillis being entirely 
omitted. We think the author, however, has done well in giving 
only the results of well-proven remedies, or remedies known to 
be valuable, by an oft-repeated clinical experience. He says : 



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BOOK NOTICES. £j$ 

u I hare not deemed it advisable to follow the example of 
Attomyr, and of several other Homeopaths, to recommend as 
probahly useful in accordance with mere provings agents that 
had not yet been tested in practice, or to suggest as adapted to 
similarly named syphilitic affections, in accordance with mere 
external analogies drugs that had been found curative in cases 
of common warts, scrofulous glandular swellings, or rhachitic 
affections. He who approves of such therapeutic conclusions, 
is at liberty to consult general repertories for the. similarly 
named symptoms of such drugs in non-syphilitic diseases, and 
to apply them upon his own responsibility by way of experi- 
ment ; if they help in such a case, we shall have enlarged the 
boundaries of our practical experience, if they do not help, the 
practitioner has to accuse himself alone for his erroneous con- 
clusions. a a * a We can only depend with certainty for 
curative results upon remedies which, like Mercurius, Nitri 
acidum, Thuja, Oinnabaris, Lycopodium, and the like, not only 
cover with their symptoms the functional derangements of 
single organs, but correspond to the totality of the syphilitic 
process ; and since this correspondence of their total character- 
istics to the totality of the syphilitic process is very frequently 
difficult to determine a priori, we feel bound to advise beginners 
to depend upon well-tried remedies, before they undertake to 
use drugs that only enjoy a theoretic recommendation/' 

Jahr, of course, was not acquainted with all the valuable 
clinical experience that has been obtained in this country, and 
the addition of some quite valuable modern remedies might have 
enriched his therapeutics, b N ut Professor Hempel has supplied 
this deficiency fully, and the treatise as translated and extended 
we regard as the most valuable extant. We have been particu- 
lary pleased with the minuteness and carefulness of all the 
diagnostic signs given, and the treatment is thoroughly reliable. 
A word about the translation. 

It is always a work of great difficulty to give a fluent, 
rhetorical and at the same time faithful rendering of a foreign 
author, and from all we have heard of the style of Jahr, it 
must have been particularly difficult in this case, but our trans- 
lator has succeeded so well, that the English student will find 



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$44 BOOK NOTICES. 

this volume a much more readable book than many a good 
original work on medicine in his own tongue. The treatise is 
too full and extensive forus to attempt anything like an analysis, 
nor will our space permit. We can only say we prize the 
volume highly, and can assure all the physicians of our school, 
that they will do well to give the work, not oftly a perusal, but 
an abiding place in their libraries. There is but one wish only 
ungratified in the perusal of the volume ; there are no plates. 
A series of good colored copper-plate engravings, of syphilitie 
eruptions, and also of dermoid diseases, that might be easily 
mistaken for them, would, of course, have increased largely the 
price of the work, but at the same time would have added ten 
fold to its value. This loss can be supplied by the series of 
colored* illustrations of venereal diseases now publishing, which 
will be supplied by the Detroit Pharmacy. The paper and 
typography are excellent. J. H. 



"Quarterly Journal of Psychological Medicine and 
Medical Jurisprudence." Edited by Wm. A. Hammond, 
New York. 200 pages, 8vo. 

This unique and valuable journal has reached its third 
number, or the first number of the second volume. It fills a 
position in medical literature, hitherto almost vacant in this 
country. The first and second numbers were replete with 
interest, but this last number (Jauary, 1868) contains papers 
possessing great value to the profession. 

Dr. Hammond's article, "On the Influence of the Maternal 
Mind on the Offspring during Pregnancy and Lactation/' is a 
par°r of absorbing interest. 

Dr. Lee's " Remarks on the Trial of 0. M. Northrop, for 
administering Belladonna to his wife, with intent to kill," 
contains many interesting cases and symptoms, which may be 
studied with benefit by physicians. 

Dr. Sequin's " Statement of the Aphasia Question," is a 
valuable contribution to the subject. It contains a paragraph 
which we quote : 

" At the Societe d' Anthropologic, in 1861, M. Rufz stated 
that he had observed aphasia (loss of speech) supervening on 



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BOOK NOTICES. SJtfi 

the bite of a certain snake, (serpent fer delance). This loss of 
speech was sometimes instantaneous, but usually it came on in 
a few hours after the accident. In persons who did not die 
poisoned, the aphasia persisted indefinately, and it seemed to 
be entirely independent of the location of the bite. Intelli- 
gence was, in all cases, preserved, and the affected persons went 
about their ordinary occupations in silence." 

For the Homceopathic physicians, this paragraph possesses 
much interest. In the pathogenesis of Crotalus, Lachesis and 
other serpent poisons, loss of speech, loss of memory, and 
inability to speak coherently are noted, but not to the extent 
mentioned by M. Bufz. Would not the poison of the serpent 
he mentions prove a valuable remedy in certain kinds of 
Aphasia f 

In Dr. Hammond's notices of " Contemporary Literature/' 
he. mentions two books, namely : " Storer on Criminal Abor- 
tion," and Hale on " The Great Crime of the Nineteenth 
Century." Of the latter, he says : "It treats the subject in a 
forcible and uncompromising manner. a * * Dr. Hale 
writeB honestly, and the draft of a law to prevent criminal 
abortion, which he submits on the part of a legal friend, is 
admirable irp evert/ respect" We italicise the last words, 
because, coming from such high authority, it should silence the 
adverse criticisms of those who have seen fit to attack the 
proposed law. 

This number contains many articles devoted to an elucidation 
of the Physiology of the Brain and Nervous System ; and 
several relating to Medical Jurisprudence ; all of which will 
amply repay perusal. E. 



The Diagnosis, Pathology, and Treatment op Diseases 
of Women, by Graily Hewett, M. D., Professor of Mid- 
wifery in University College, London. Published by Lindsay 
& Blakiston. Price $6.00. For sale at Detroit Homoeopathic 
Pharmacy. 
This is a beautifully printed octavo of 707 pages, reprinted 

from the second London edition, enlarged and illustrated by 

over one hundred well executed wood engravings, about half of 

which are from original drawings- 
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JBjff BOOK KOTICE8. 

Reniwylvania Hospital Reports, Vol. I, for 1868. Octavo. 
Published by Lindsay & Blakiston, Philadelphia. Price, $5. 
For sale at Detroit Homoeopathic Pharmacy. 

This is presented in a very handsomely-printed volume of 
420 pages. It contains twenty-three elaborate articles, illus- 
trated by two lithographs and 27 wood cuts. Forty-live pages 
are devoted to the history and treatment of " laceration of the 
female perineum,* by Dr. D. Keyes Agrew. Many of tho 
papers are worthy of the attention of our physicians. 



Introductory Lecture delivered at the Hahnemann Medical 
College of Philadelphia, by John C. Morgan, M. D., Pro- 
fessor of Surgery. Published by the class of 1867-8. 

This certainly exceeds in merit and interest the average of 
college introductories. 



The Homceopathic World, a popular journal of Medical, 
Social and Sanatory Science, edited by Dr. Ruddock. Bead- 
ing, England. 

This comes to us reduced to octavo size, double columns, and 
much improved in other particulars. We think that it is the 
best homceopathic journal for unprofessional readers. 



Sixteenth Annual Report of the Dim-tors of the New York 
Ophthalmic Hospital, for the year 1867, at 387 Fourth 
Avenue, corner Twenty-eighth street. 

Now that this Institute is under homoeopathic control, we 
expect that there will not only be greater success in the treat- 
ment, but that the items of apothecary's salary ($448.28) and 
medicine ($498.36) will be reduced to about $100, or one-tenth 
of last year. 

Baehr's System of Therapeutics is not expected from 
the press for some weeks. 

United States Homoeopathic Dispensatory will be com- 
menced soon. 



WT N. Y. Homoeopathic Medical Society's Transactions for 
1864 have all been distributed. 



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Mltpt, §mtim, tit. 

HOMOEOPATHY IN MICHIGAN STATS UNIVERSITY. 

Appointment of Prof. Hempel* 

On Wednesday evening, March 25, 1868, a lengthy executive 
session of the Board of Regents was held, lasting from early in the 
evening till after midnight, in which the whole question of the estab- 
lishment of a Homoeopathic Department, in connection with the Uni- 
versity, was discussed in all its bearings. It was finally resolved to 
establish a School of Homoeopathy with a portion of the funds pro- 
vided by the last Legislature. On the question of the location of the 
School arising, Regent Johnson moveel that it be established at Ann 
Arbor, which was lost. Regent Walker then offered the following 
resolutions, which were adopted, after which the Board adjourned : 

Resolved, That the Board of Regents accept the aid proffered by 
the Legislature of Michigan, by the act approved March 15,' 186?, 
with the terms and conditions thereof. 

Resolved, That in order to comply with the conditions imposed 
by said act, there be organized in the Department of Medicino a 
School, to be called the " Michigan School of Homoeopathy," to bo 
located at such place (suitable in the opinion of the Board of Regents) 
other than Ann Arbor, in the State of Michigan, as shall pledge to 
the Board of Regents, by June 20 next, the greatest amount for the 
buildings and endowment of said School. 

Resolved, That two Professors be appointed for said School, ono at 
this time, and another ( prior to the opening of said School, and others 
as may be necessary. 

Resolved, That the sum of $8,000 be appropriated, besides the 
salary of the Professors, out of the State tax, so donated to the 
University, to be expended in establishing said School of Hom- 
oeopathy. 

Resolved, That Dr. Charles J. Hem pel, of Qrand Rapids, be 
appointed Professor of the Theory and Practico of Homoeopathic 
Medicine, in the Michigan School of Homoeopathy, at the salary of 
$1,000 per annum, from this date, to be paid out of said fund so 
donated. 

The Board then adjourned to June 2£, 1868. 

The action of the Regents has caused great dissatisfaction among 
the allopath l. Some of their friends, (Ann Arbor Free Press cor- 
respondent,) even going so far as to say that it was " entirely unex- 



£48 COLLEGES AND SOCIETIES. 

pected, done almost in an underhanded manner, at the very last moment 
of their session, and looks as if the Regents themselves were ashamed 
of it, etc." 

If the Board of Regents have any feeling in the matter, akin to 
shame, it is probably from an entirely different cause. They doubt- 
less think that the appropriation for our benefit is altogether too little, 
and that they have paid too much deference to the prejudices of the 
Allopathic faculty. It is certain that this is the way in which the 
matter is regarded by our most intelligent citizens, and many of our 
M. D.'s hesitate about accepting the offer, regarding so small 
a portion of the University fund, as not one-half of the amount we 
are entitled to. Others are willing to accept this, though not regard- 
ing it as equivalent to the literal carrying out of the Homoaopathio 
proviso, expecting that further grants will be made before long. 

A rumor was widely circulated in Detroit, immediately after the 
a ction of the Regents, that the whole Allopathic faculty had resigned ; 
they were unwilling that the prestige of the University should be 
shared by the Homoeopaths; they would either monopolize the whole, 
or leave. About the only foundation that we discovered for the 
report, was a statement that the faculty had made application to 
several of our capitalists for money to start an independent Medical 
College in Detroit, intending, if they succeeded, to resign their positions 
at Ann Arbor. But they are not wise enough. Some would think 
that this would be a very foolish conrse, but the fact' is Ann Arbor 
is not the place for a Medical College at all. If we have the 
Homoeopathic Branch of the University at Detroit, and a good hospital 
connected with it, we shall be able to compete with the Allopathic 
School at Ann Arbor very successfully. 



MICHIGAN HOMOEOPATHIC INSTITUTE. 



The Ninth Annual Meeting will be held at Leppig's Hall, opposite 
the Post-office, Grand Rapids, Michigan, on Tuesday and Wednesday, 
the 19th and 20th of May, 1868, (two days previous to the meeting 
of the Western Institute, at Milwaukee). 

The following Special Committees are expected to make reports : 

Committee on University and Homceopalhic College — Drs. A. Bag- 
ley, A. Walker, B. A. Lodge, E. H. Drake, G. T. Rand and I. N. 
Eldridge. 

Committee on Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children — 
Drs. F. Woodruff, A. Walker, J. M. Long and B. P. Pennock. 

Committee on Physiology — Drs. C. J. Hempel, J. M. Long, and 
L. Ybunghusband. 



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COLLEGES AND SOCIETIES. $49 

Committee on Pathological Anatomy — Drs. W. J. Calvert, R. 
Pengelly and I. Douglas. 

Committee on Chemistry — Drs. O. A, Robertson, Chas. Hastings 
and B. F. Bailey. 

Committee on Medical Electricity — Drs. E. L. Roberts, W. J. Cal- 
vert and Joseph Sill. 

Committee on Diseases of the Eye and Ear — Drs. John Doy and 
1\ X. Spranger. 

Committee on Diseases of the Teeth, etc. — Dr. Isaac Douglas. 

Committee on Honorary Members — Drs. C. J. Hempel and J. M. 
Long. 

Committee on Publication — Drs. E. A. Lodge and J. A. Albertson, 

Committee on High Potencies — Drs. I. N. Eldridge, J. B. Tattle 
and F. Woodruff. 

Committee on Cures with One Remedy — Drs. A. Bagley, 0. Fowle, 
C. B. Barrett, Jr., and P. H. Hale. 

Committee on Pathology — Drs. J. D. Craig and B. F. Bagley. 

Committee on Provings and Indigenous Remedies — Drs. F. X. 
Spranger, L. M. Jones and P. H. Halo. 

Committee on Intermittens — Drs. E. B. Graham, J. D. Craig and 
J. B. Coulter. 

Committee on Surgery — Drs. E. H. Drake and A. Sawyer. 

On Syphilis — Drs. T. F. Pomeroy and F. X. Spranger. 

Delegates to American Institute — Drp, E. H. Drake, E. A. Lodge, 
W. 3. Calvert and P. H. Hale. 

Delegates to the Western Institute — Drs. C. J. Hempel, J. D. 
Craig, J. V. Spencer and G. A. Robertson. 

Delegate to Illinois State Homoeopathic Association— Dr. J. D. 
Craig. 

Delegate to California State Homasopathio Association — Dr. J. A. 
Albertson. 

Necrologist — Dr. E. A. Lodge. 

Annual Addf ess — Dr. T. F. Pomeroy. Alternate, Dr. J. D. Craig 

A preliminary meeting will be held at the house of the President, 
Prof. Hempel, (north-east corner of Bridge and Kent streets, Grand 
Rapids,) on the evening of the 18th of May. Dr. H, also invites all 
the members to a social gathering at his house on the evening of the 
19th of May. 



Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia — Summer 
Course of Lectures. — In accordance with the expressed desire of 
a number of students and physicians, a Course of Lectures will be 
given, commencing on the first Monday in April and ending on the 
twenty-seventh of June, 1868. 



American Institute of Homoeopathy. — The proceedings of last 
year will be published by the 15th of April. 

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250 COLLEGES AND SOCIETIES. 

AMEBICAN INSTITUTE OF HOMOEOPATHY. 

The twenty-first annual session will be held in St. Louis during 
the first week in June, 1868. 

The preliminary meeting will be held on Tuesday evening, June 
2d, at 8 o'clock, for the formation and renewal of fraternal relations, 
and for the purpose of transacting such necessary business as will 
expedite the organization of this session of the Institute. 

The regular session will commence on Wednesday, June 3d, at ten 
o'clock, and will continue three days. 

On Wednesday evening, tho Address will be delivered by Henry 
B. Clark, M. D., of New Bedford, Mass. Alternate, William H. Wat- 
eon, M. D , of Utica, N. Y. 

Reports will be made by the following Bureaus : 

Materia Medica, Pharmacy and Proving* — Drs. Conrad Wessel- 
hoeft, Harrison Square, Mass.; Walter Williamson, Philadelphia; 
Win. E. Payne, Bath, Me.; E. M. Hale, Chicago, 111;; Samuel B. 
Barlow, New York. 

Clinical Medicine and Zymoses — Drs Henry I). Paine, New York ; 
S. M. Cite, iSalera, Mass.; D. H. Beckwith, Cleveland, O.; P. P. 
Wells, New York : J. C. Burgher, Pittsburg, Pa. 

Obstetrics — Drs. Henry N. Guernsey, Philadelphia ; J. C. Sanders, 
Cleveland, O.; J. H. Woodbury, Boston, Mais.; Reuben Ludlam, 
Chicago 111.; Tullio S. Verdi, Washington, D C. 

Surgery— Dra. Win. T. Heimuth, St. Louis ; Jacob Beakley, New 
York ; Gaylord D. Beebe, Chicago, 111.; E. C. Franklin, St. Louis ; 
George F. Foote, Philadelphia. 

Organization, Registration, and Statistics — Drs. Henry M. Smith, 
New York; Horace M. Paine, Albany, N. Y. ; Bu<*hrod W. James, 
Philadelphia; Wm. F. Jackson, Roxbury, Mass.; T. Cation Duncan, 
Chicago, III. 

Physiology— Drs. J. H. P. Frost, Philadelphia ; C. Vastine, Tren- 
ton, N. J. ; T. P. Wilson, Cleveland, 0.; H. P. Gatchell, Kenosha, 
Wisconsin ; J. J. Mitchell. New York. 

Hygiene — Drs, Carroll Dunham, New York ; George E. Shiptnan, 
Chicago, 111.; T. G. Comstock, St. Louis, Mo.;. J. H. Pulte, Cincin- 
nati, O.; C. W. Boyce, Auburn, N. Y. 

Anatomy— Drs. T. F. Allen, New York ; John C. Morgan, Phil- 
adelphia; H. C. Allen, Cleveland, O.; Melville Bryant, New York; 
Jabez B. Holtby, New York. 

Committee on Medical Education— Drs. John C. Sanders, Cleve- 
land, 0.; George S. Walker, St. Louis; Stephen R. Kirby, Now 
York ; Daniel Holt, Lowell, Mass.; D. S Smith, Chicago, 111. 

Necrologist -Dr. Henry D. Paine, New York. 

It is requested that communications pertaining to either of these 
Bureaus or Committees, should be forwarded to one of the members 
thereof before the 20th of May. 



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COLLEGES AND SOCIETIES. 251 

Homoeopathic physicians wishing to become members, can obtain 
blank applications of the General Secretary, which they are requested 
to return to him, properly filled, before May 15th, or to the President, 
William Tod Helmuth, M. D., St. Louis, before June 1st, 1868. 

It is important that all homoeopathic societies and institutions 
should be represented by Delegates in the following proportion : 

Associations of more than fifty members from different States, two; 
State societies, two, with one additional for every twenty members ; 
County or local societies, one ; colleges, hospitals, dispensaries, and 
medical journals, one each. When not otherwise appointed, local 
societies are authorized to appoint Delegates for homoeopatic institu- 
tions. 

This will probably be a large meeting of the Institute, and it is 
hoped that every member will make a special effort to contribute 
something to its value and interest 

I. T. TALBOT, General Secretary, Boston, Mass. 



Homoeopathic Life Insurance Companies. 

To save space, and better enable bur readers to make com- 
parisons, we put the statements of the Atlantic Mutual Life 
Insurance Company and the Hahnemann Life Insuranse Co., 
in one table : 

Atlantic. Hahnemann. 

Net assets, Jan. 1, 1867, $175,532 49 $226,612 53 

Eeceipts during 1867, 204,376 89 128,384 83 

Disbursements, 112,970 44 66,324 32 

Assets, Jan. 1, 1868, 266,938 94 288,673 04 

Increase of assets during the year, . 91,406 45 62,060 51 
Losses paid, 13,000 00 8,000 00 

Policies in force Jan. 1, 1868, 777. 1857 1431 

Policies issued during 1867, 1504 1109 

Dividend, Atlantic 40 §, Hahnemann, 25 £. 



Massachusetts Homceopathic Medical Society meets at Meion- 
ian Hall, Tremont Temple, Boston, on Wednesday and Thursday, 
April 8th and 9th. 



Homceopathic Treatment op Sterility.— Clinical experi- 
ence desired. Please send to editor Homceopathic Observer, 
Detroit, Michigan. 

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Jw&iraa! ftoticM, 



Allen.— H. C Allen, M. D., has resigned the Chair of Anatomy in the Cleveland College and 
accepted the same position in the Faculty of the Hahnemann College of Chicago. Chicago gains 
one of the best and clearest minds in the profession. 

Barrett* — Charles B. Barrett, M. D., a graduate of the Philadelphia Homoeopathic College, 
has located at No. 12, West Columbia street, Detroit. The Doctor comes well recommended 
ftom his former field of labor, (Philadelphia,) and we trust will meet with satisfactory encour- 
agement in this city. * 

Eggert ( -It will be remembered that Dr. W. Eggert, of Indianapolis, offered, at the last 
meeting of the Western Institute of Homoeopathy, a prize of $100 for the best monograph on 
Nasal Catarrh. Dr. B. says : "I have not received a single manuscript yet. Although the time 
has expired, still 1 will be ready to receive them and hand them over to the committee, and if 
they can report at the next meeting of the Western Iustitute, the prize shall be awarded forth- 
with ; bn t of course the committee have a light to award the prise, as Well as to decline, which 
might be the case if only a single essay on the subject should be presented. My committee is 
not ready yet, but let essays come in and it shall be ready at a moment's notice. I heve made 
no appointments definitely. I will, however, mention two of the gentlemen ; one is Dr. Full- 
graff, of New .York, who'has already gained a notoriety in the treatment of this disease, if you 
read the report of the Bond-Street Dispensary, and the other my venerable and learned friend, 
Dr. Baer, of Richmond. You see from this that I have made the selection with impartiality 
for the former is a low potencyist, the latter a high one. All I want is that benefit may be 
derived from, and do not care if it comes from high or low, if only in strict accordance with the 
homoeopathic law. To insure impartiality, I decline to be a member of the committee. The 
essay must be practical, and prove that the writer has mastered the J subject* both in theory and 
practice. 

Fish.— Everett W. Fish, M. D., graduated at St Louis, at the last session, receiving the 
silver medal. A few days after, our Detroit papers published an aocount of his having been 
killed and scalped by the Indians, west of Omaha. His numerous friends here were much dis- 
tressed. To their joy, news came that Dr. F. was still at St. Louis, alive and well ; and by the 
St. Louis Dental Journal of March we see that he is hard at work. It says : '• A class is to be 
organised for the study of practical analytical chemistry, by E. W. Fish, M. D. It will begin 
within the present month, and continue ten weeks. There will be three lectures and recitations, 
with test-tube examinations, each week. The course will be confined mostly to the analytical 
branch of the science. For further particulars address Dr. E, W. Fish, northwest corner of 6th 
and Pine. In addition to the above, lctures. there will be separate lectures delivered by Dr. Fish, 
on Dental Chemistry, for the benefit of the students of the St. Louis Dental College." 

Gatohell.— H. P. Gatchell, M. D,, relinquishes the Chair of Homoeopathy in the Hahnemann 
College, finding the fatigue of travel to and from his residence at Kenosha, during the winter 
months, very objectionable. The students passed resolutions very complimentary to the Pro- 
fessor on the occasion of his retiring. 

Hempel.— Prol Hempel will in a few months commence preparing the third edition of bis 
Materia Medica, which will be as complete as such a work can be. The plan of the work will 
be.altered, and a new volume added, entitled " Synthetical Therapeutics ;" likewise a Syllabus 
of several hundred pages, in the shape of a series of questions, the answers to which will embody 
the whole of the contents of the Materia Medica, and serve as a text-book for the student. 

ItUtUam* —"We learn that Prof. Ludlam has given up all idea of pitching his tent in Gotham, 
This will be very satisfactory to his Western friends, and of great advantage to the Hahnemann 
Medical College. 



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PER80NAL NOTICES. gg& 

REMOVALS. 

Fackler.— Dr. J. M. Fackler from Shiloh, O., to Mansfield, Richland Co., Ohio. 
Gibson.— Dr. Gibson from Honeoye Falls, N. Y., to Rochester, N.Y. 
Lenfest.— Dr. J. Leufest from Monticello to Presque Isle, Aroostook Co., Maine. 
Noble.— Dr. O. E. Noble from Penn Yan, N. Y., to New York City. 
Pomeroy.- Dr. R. S. Pomeroy from Atlanta, Ga., to New Orleans, La. 
Scott.— Dr. James L. Scott from Hackensack, N. J., to Coatsville, Pa. 
Tompkins.— Dr. Frank Tompkins from Havana, N. Y., to Penn Yan,N. Y. 
Vishuo.— Dr. Charles Vishno from Windsor Locks, Conn., to New Britain, Conn. 
Vivion.--Dr.Jno. B. Vivion from Ursa, Ills., to Macomb, Ills. 



NECROLOGICAI*. 



Garnsey.— Our friend and contributor, C. Alex. Garnsey, M D., of Batavia, Lis., has 
recently buried a sweet daughter. Now bereft of wife and child, he mourns, but not as those 
who have no hope. He rejoices in anticipation of a happy meeting where there is neither sor- 
row, sickness, or death. 

Lucas.— Dr. J. M. Lucas died at La Crosse, Wisconsin, Dec. 8, 1867, of disease of the heart. 
May.— J. P. May, M. D., died at 81 Court-st.. Brooklyn, L. I., in January last. 



GRADUATES, 1868. 

New York Homoeopathic Medical College. 

E. W. Avery, New Yook. S. Hasbrouck, New Jersey. 

J. S. Beakley, ** J. J. Hall, Canada. 

C. D. Belden, " E. R Howie, Canada. 

L A. Birdsall, " H. Hutchings, N. Y. 

W. A. Bivin, " R. B. Jenks, N. Y. 

Alonso Bishop, u £. R. Lane, New Jersey. 

J. W. Brown, •* C. Garret Lansing, N. Y. 

R. G. Bruyn, «« A. H. Marks, N. Y. 

Geo. Colton, Vermont C. 11. Martin, Penn. 

Luke Corcoran. Mass. J. De V. Moore, N. Y. 

C. P. Cook, N. Y. M. V. B. Morse, Mass. 

R. B. Covert, N. Y. E. C. Newport, Mass. 

I. V. Dagget, Vermont. J. C. Otis, N. Y. 

0. a Eldridge, Mich. L. D. Parkhurst, N. Y. 

1. N. Eldridge, Mich. G. H. Patchen, Iowa. 
H. Elliot. Canada. H. P. Partridge, N. Y. 
E. W. Finch, N. Y. A. M. Piersons, N. Y. 
W. B. Garside, N. Y. Miles Rorabacher, Mich. 
Jas. Gerrie, Canada. Aaron Walker, Mass. 

P. A. Gordon, Kentucky. E. A. Wareheim, Maryland. 

N. G. Hamilton, Canada. E. B. Whitaker, Vermont. Total, 42. 



Homoeopathic Medical College of. Pennsylvania. 

H. F. Adams, M. D., New York. Thomas H. Peacock, Pa. 

Oliver P. Barden, Pa. Daniel C. Perkins, Maine. 

Stephen T. Birdsall, New York. Charles M. Putnam Michigan. 

F. M. Born to n, Texas. Rosanna Scott Richards, Nova Scotia. 
Charles W. Breyfogle, A. M., Ohio. James H. Ridings, Pa. 

Wm. L. Breyfogle, Ohio. Thaddeus E. Sanger, N. H. 

Clark J. Cooper, N. J. Jacob 8chmidt, M. D., Maryland. 

Charles S. A. Dickerson, ^France. Wm. H. H. Sisson, M. D., Mass. 

Wm. M. Gwynn, N. Y. Wm. M. Sprague, N. Y. 

Wallace McGeorge, Pa. Walter Ure, A. M., M. D., Pa. 

C. C. Miller, N. Y. Adolph Von Gerhardt, M. D., Maryland. 

G. W. Mitchell, M. D. f IU. Comly J. Wiltbank, Pa. ^ ' 
Fred. W. Payne, Maine. Jarvis TJ. Woods, Maine* 
Albert E. Patch, Maine. [Deceased, Mar. 4.] James A. Young, Ky. 

SPECIAL DEGREES. 

Thomas Moore, M D., Pa. Malcom Maciarlan, M. D.,|Pa. Total, 80. 



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m 



Win T. TTempstead, 111 
Sam'I R. Motes S. C. 
James Willard, III 
Wm. C. Richardson, 111. 
F. L. Bartlelt, UL 
Tho<*. Shaver, III 
R. Y. Manning, Ky. 
J. II. Miller, 111. 
Thos Keener, I1L 

O. E. Goodrich, Mloh. 

O. P. Baer, A. M., M. D„ Ind. 



PERSONAL NOTICES. 
St. Louis Homoeopathic College. 



E. W Fish, Mich. 

J. A. Rubicon, Kansas. 

F. W. Wheelock, Iowa. 
S. C. B ildwin, Iowa. 

G. II. Baker, 111. 
M. Ayres, 111. 
A. K Riess, Mo. 
I. H. Smizer, Ky. 

J. A. Ackman, Canada. 



AD EUEHDUM. 



Wm. F. Bernard, Ky. 



Total, SI. 



Milton H. Baker, HI. 
William J. Calvert. M. D., Mloh. 
Ed. J. Fox Canny, Minn. 
Willard R Clarke, Wis. 
William M. Cooley, III. 
Charles J. Henshaw, Mloh. 
William 8. Johnson, 111. 
Edward H. King, Iowa. 
John Wm Koch, Minn. 
Thomas J. Merryman. 111. 
William S. Moffatt, 111. 
Peter Moor, Wis. 



Hahnemann College, Chicago. 



Milton J. Partridge, A. M,, Ind. 
Edgar Perkins, in. 
Charles W. Putnam, III. 
J. Howard Smith. Mich. 
Frank Smyth, 111. 
Henry R. Htout, HI. 
JohnW Streeter Mich. 
James D. Taylor, Mich. 
John B. Vivion, 111. 
Emory J. Walker, Mich. 
Gilbert R. Woolsey, 111. 
John J. Wright, III. 



Total, 2i. 



Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia, 



R.A.Adam<,N.Y. 

R. C. Allen, Pa 

Edwin P. Angell, M. D., Texas. 

B. Franklin Betts, Pa. 

Martin Bradford, Ohio. 

Isaac Cooper, N J. 

J. W. Kliot, California. 

E. A. Farrington, A. B., Pa. 

Chan. M. Foss, Maine 

John Gantenhien, Switzerland. 

Jos. M. Gerhart. Pa. 

N. W. Kneass, I'a 

Augustus Korndoerfer, Pa. 



George Lolkes, Prussia. 
M. T. Middleton, N. J. 
Henry F. Pahl, A. M. Texas. 
H. c. Parker, M. D . Texaa, 
E. H Phillips, M. D , N. J. 
Christian P. 8eip, Pa. 
Scott W. Skinner, N. Y. 
A. M. Stackhouse, N. J. 
Jlenones F. Underwood, Pa. 
G W. 8. Wilson, M. D. f Pa. 
Jas. A. West, N. Y. 
O. 5$. Wood, M. D., Pa. 
Geo. Wright, M. D„ N. J. 



Total, 2f . 



Cleveland 

H. IT. Baxter, Ohio. 
W. M. B tiley, Michigan. 
A. &.' Johnson, Michigan. 
O. B. Spencer, New York. 
Jno. A. McDonnld, Ohio. 
M.M.Catlm, New York. 
W. U. Booth, Michigan. 
W. S. Whitney, Michigan. 
H. I * Bradley, Wisconsin. 
H. C. Carpenter. Michigan. 
H. L. Ambler, Ohio. 
A. D. Johnston. Pa. 
D. H. Conlcy, New York. 



Homoeopathic College. 

R. N. Warren, Ohio. 

J. L. Bein, Ohio. 

G. A. Tracy, New York. 

B. A. Harrington, Ohio. 

C. 8. Nellis. Canada. 
J. W. Jenny, Ohio. 
W. W. Clapp, Ohio. 
C. P. Burch. Canada. 
T. C. Wallace. 

L. S. Ingmin, Wisconsin. 

G. T Blair, Ohio. 

W. W. Thomas, New York. 



Total, 29, 



Recapitulation. 

Now York Homoeopathic College 42 

Homoeopathic Medical Colle e of Pennsylvania, 9» 

St. Louis Homosopathic College..... ...........21 

Hahnemann College of Chicago 24 

Hahnemann Medical College, of Philadelphia 26 

Cleveland Homosopathic College 25 

—168 



Nasal Catarrh. — Prize for the best monograph, 
sonal notice £)r. Eggert, page 252. 



See POP- 



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EDITORIAL NOTICES. 



New subscriptions hav6 come in with greater promptness 
this year than ever before. The cash receipts for 1868 are 
larger than for any previous year, and we feel very much 
encouraged indeed. We have good reason to believe that our 
subscription is larger than the lists of any other two homoeopa- 
thic journals published, either in Europe or the United States. 
We are also sustained by adequate moral support, which is 
fully appreciated. 

Dr. Louis de V. Wilder, writes us from New York city : 
" You are certainly deserving of much praise for energy and 
practical common sense in conducting a medical journal. We 
have had too much poor, rehashed, second-hand reading in our 
magazines heretofore. God speed you." 

This is somewhat flattering. We are much more gratified 
at the following, from Dr. Merritt, of Staatsburgh, New York: 
" Your journal is monthly gaining upon my esteem. It has 
become so associated with my comfort, that nothing but a letter 
from a friend is more eagerly seized, when the mail package 
containing it is handed to me. When I look back to its birth, 
and see the feeble little aspirant for a name and a place among 
a world of homoeopathic journalism, I remember how little 
was my faith that it would survive the perils of infancy and 
childhood ; but its healthy, vigorous face, tells me to-day, that 
the bracing air of your Western lakes, will accomplish what, 
to the conservative, Knickerbockerish minds of us Eastern folks 
might seem almost miraculous." 

Dr. D. B. Whittier writes : " Those of us who take all the 
journals, would pray against this everlasting copying from other 
journals. Such repeated doses become very nauseous. (See 
N. A. Journal, February, 1868.)" . 

As far as this magazine is concerned, no subscriber will have 
any such cause for complaint. In the conduct of the journal, we 
have had no scissors department for some months, and if our 
readers will write for its pages, as often as they find items of 
interest to communicate, the Observer will be more spirited and 
interesting hereafter than it has been at any time heretofore. 



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856 EDITORIAL NOTICES. 

Many of our correspondents send reports of cases treated, 
written on the same sheet of paper with orders for books and 
other things. Occasionally on one piece of paper there will be 
a business letter, a statement of diseases treated, an account of 
the diseases prevalent where the writer resides, and an order 
for goods. Then articles are sent written on both sides of the 
paper, in a very illegible style, without any regard to punctua- 
tion or grammatical construction, with the request, "correct it, 
I have no time." As if we had more leisure, or could rewrite or 
revise every paper. Such communications go into the box u t for 
revision/' and are not at all likely to be taken from it until every 
legible MS. has been printed. 

One dollar for the subscription of unprofessional persons will 
be received, when sent by a physician with his own subscription 
of $2.00 ; thus making $1\50 for each. We do not offer to 
take $1.00, on any other terms, but after an M. D. has sent his 
$2.00, he is still entitled to send not over three subscriptions of 
unprofessional persons, at one dollar each. 

" Returned to publisher" so the envelope reads which encloses 
two or three numbers. Who returned them? Will our 
friends be kind enough to bear in mind that we do not wish 
any one to take the Observer who does not think it worth pay- 
ing for, and that we shall feel particularly obliged if they wish 
to discontinue, if they would return the numbers not paid for, 
and mark across the wrapper their names, that we may make 
the proper erasures from our mail list. 

Erratum. — March number, page 142, third line from bottom, 
for as a, read as in. 

Skin Diseases. — Will our correspondents favor us with 
accounts of treatment of the various eruptive disorders ? 



Keports op cases treated with Juglans cinerea will be 
very acceptable. 

Mortality in Detroit, February 1868, 115, (last Feb. 84.) 
Deaths from Pulmonary diseases, 33, (30 #.) March, 1868, 96 ; 
of these deaths, 24 were from lung complaints, (25 #.) 

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piflfagg mb Jriutipte rt 3$faitfat. 



PEOP. H. P. GtATCHELL, Edxtob. 



rFor th« American Homoeopathic Obaarrer.] 
RELATIONS OF CLIMATE TO PHTHISIS PULMONALE^ 

When we consider that the temperate zone is and ever has 
been the seat of power, that it is the birthplace of civilization, 
the home of learning and of art, when we consider further that 
pulmonary consumption destroys, in that zone, more persons 
than any other one disease — amounting in some regions to a 
fifth or more of the entire population — and that its victims are 
taken, for the most part, from the mass of youthful adults, it 
becomes a matter of deep and painful interest to investigate 
this terrible destroyer of the human race in all possible rela- 
tions, in the hope that some means may be found of diminish- 
ing, if not of staying its ravages. 

Among those relations no one is more influential than that 
of climate, notwithstanding the efforts that have been made, of 
late years, to show that this disease is, in a measure, indepen- 
dent of latitude. It may prove not uninteresting to note some 
of the changes of the professional mind on this subject. 

When more than thirty years ago I commenced to read, ob- 
serve and think with reference to it, the almost universal cus- 
tom was to send consumptives South — to die. Almost from 
the beginning I protested against the practice, and now I pro- 
test against the indiscriminate forwarding of consumptives to 
rigorous northern climates to die of their chilling influence, as 
they formerly died from the relaxing and fever-exciting charac- 
ter of the hot, moist lowlands of our G-ulf States. 

In either case physicians have acted from no scientific ac- 
quaintance with the relations of climate to the disease ; and 
their advice has prevailed, not because they knew more about 
the matter than their patients, but because they were supposed 



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Ht PHTHISIS PULMONALE. 

to know more ; when, in fact, they had merely shared the pop- 
ular impressions of the day, derived from rumors of recover- 
ies in one or the other region. 

But so great has been the change of professional opinion 
within the last few years that now we find writers contending 
that there is quite as much consumption in warm as in cold re- 
gions, and that, in high northern latitudes, it disappears entire- 
ly. This is to be regarded as merely a new vagary of the med- 
ical mind to which, as the history of medicine shows, it has 
been so much addicted. 

In order to obtain a scientific basis for an opinion of the re- 
lations of climate to this as well as other diseases, I have made 
careful and thorough analysis of the mortality statistics of the 
United States for 1850, and with reference to leading diseases 
for 1860. This has involved not a little labor in making the 
necessary calculations ; but the labor has been richly rewarded 
in the results. 

How defective soever these statistics may be in completeness 
of returns, it is generally conceded that the deficiencies so near- 
ly balance, that a pretty fair comparison can be made with their 
help, of the relative aggregate mortality of different States and 
sections. 

But whether the deficiency is equally great in all sections or 
not, there is no reason to think that one disease is any more 
imperfectly reported than another ; so that there is no material 
obstacle in the way of estimating the ratio of deaths from any 
given disease to the general mortality. Let us interrogate the 
statistics. T .n order to do this with the greatest success it is 
necessary to compare large areas. The larger the areas and the 
greater the populations compared the less the chance of error. 
Peculiar causes may operate not merely within the limits of a 
town, but throughout a county or state to increase or diminish 
the mortality in an unusual degree. But the larger the area the 
less likely are such causes to be felt. 

For the sake of comparison, I divide the country into a 
northern section, including, as nearly as possible, all north 
of the 42d parallel ; into a southern, including as nearly 
to possible all south of the 35th parallel, and into a 



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PHTHISIS PULM0NALI8. 989 

middle section, including all between these two parallels. 
These divisions, however, extend for 1850 only to the 
western line of Missouri, there being no statistics for 
that year of any value beyond. For 1860 this line has been 
extended to the western boundaries of Kansas and Nebraska. 
The Mountain States and those on the Pacific will receive a 
special notice. 

I farther divide the country into an eastern, or Atlantic sec- 
tion, including all the States that lie entirely or in part east of 
the Alleghany Mountains; a central section, including the States 
that lie between the eastern section and the Mississippi river ; 
a western section, including the States that lie between the 
Mississippi and the mountains ; a mountain section, including 
the States that lie between the western section and the Sierra 
Nevada mountains with their continuation in the cascade range 
and into the Pacific section, including the States between those 
mountains and the Pacific ocean. 

Summarily stated, these divisions are as follows : 1. The At- 
lantic States ; 2. The Mississippi Valley States, east of that 
river ; 3. The Mississippi Valley States, west of the river ; 4, 
The Mountain States ; 5. the Pacific States. I shall first ex- 
amine the relative mortality from consumption in the Northern, 
Middle and Southern States. The mortality from consumption, 
as reported, was to each thousand deaths. 

FOR THE YEAR 1850. 
Northern, 166. Middle, 94. Southern, 39. 

FOR THE YEAR 1860. 
Northern, 189. Middle, 108. Southern, 47. 

In view of the large areas included and the similarity of re- 
sults for the two years there is no possibility of mistaking their 
significance 

But in order to show the conclusion in a still stronger light, 
I will give the results for the individual States that are reached 
by the tide-water of the Atlantic. 

1850. 

Maine, 926, Rhode Island, 309, New Jersey, 144, Maryland, 115, 8. Carolina, 33, 

N. Hampshire, 377 Connecticut, 167, Pennsylvania, 139, Virginia, 85, Georgia, 38, 

Massachusetts, 189 New York, 153, Delaware, 98, N. Carolina, 45, Florida, 46. 

1860. 

Maine, 355, Rhode Island, 331, New Jersey, 180, Maryland, 163, S. Carolina, 40j 

N. Hampshire, 360 Connecticut, 201, Pennsylvania, 163, Virginia, 94, Georgia, 38, 

Mass nnhnmtti, m New V»fk, Wj Jtotawan, m, *. Oasoltea, 96, HoiUsvM. 



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860 PHTHISIS PULMONALE!. 

No one endowed with reason can fail to read the lesson con* 
tained in these statistics. They point unerringly to a law, and 
that law may be expressed as follows : 

Other things being equal, consumption increases with latitude, 
at least for onr own country. 

But the human constitution is a very complex affair and nu- 
merous causes operate upon it from without. Let us see if we 
can detect any other cause that is constant in its operation to 
either increase or diminish the ratio of mortality from con- 
sumption. Let us note if any difference is discoverable in oui 
progress along instead of across parallels of latitude. In order 
to do this let us compare the corresponding sections, giving as 
before the ratio of mortality from consumption to each one 
thousand deaths. 

Atlantic, 120. Central, 78. Western, 52. 

1800. 

Atlantic, 142. Central, 106. Western, 67. 

Here we find a difference quite as plainly marked, though 
pot so great as that between North and South. Nor can it be 
due to difference of temperature, since this is not material be- 
tween the eastern and western borders of the area here discuss- 
ed. And it can be shown by comparison of States that this 
obtains with quite as uniform a scale of difference along differ- 
ent parallels. Although along some parallels there are more 
disturbing causes than along the meridians. But the difference 
is due to topographical conditions. And now can we deduce a 
law from the tabular results ? 

It is observable that, in general, the ratio of mortality from 
consumption decreases as we recede from the Atlantic. The 
same rule holds as we recede from the Pacific. The same is 
true as we get beyond the influence of the great lakes. 

The vicinity of large bodies of water has been found in other 
countries and in various latitudes to be attended with an in- 
creased mortality from consumption. We hazard nothing 
therefore, in assuming that the presence of large bodies of wa- 
ter is unfavorable in its relation to consumption. And we may 
lay down the following rule : 

Other things being equal, consumption increases with the damp- 



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PHTHISIS PULMONALIS. 861 

ness of the atmosphere. Numerous illustrations of this rule, 
can be given which will also aid to explain some apparent an- 
omalies. 

North-eastern Ohio presented during the year 1850 (for 
which year alone I have the means of computing for sections of 
States) a ratio for consumption of 131, while north-western 
gave but 80. North-eastern Ohio is subject to the full influence 
of Lake Erie — North-western but partially so. 

The ratio for Minnesota and Wisconsin for 1860 was about 
130 each (that of Minnesota being a little higher than that of 
Wisconsin.) while that of Michigan was about 160. It is very 
well known the atmosphere of Michigan is much more affected 
by the lakes than either Minnesota or Wisconsin. 

These illustrations could be greatly multiplied. But I will 
not burden the reader with their multiplicity. 

Let us proceed to a region presenting new and peculiar fea- 
tures, to the great plateau extending from the Rocky .Moun- 
tains to the Sierra Nevada and Cascade range. This plateau 
is elevated about a mile above tide- water. It is a region of 
great aridness, consequently of rapid radiation and great ex- 
tremes of temperature. It is a region where steel instruments 
will hardly rust, where fresh meat dries instead of putrefying, 
where extremes of temperature are great and the changes vio- 
lent, where it is not uncommon to see the mercury at 80° or 
upwards at noon and frost at night. Nowhere else in the 
United States are the daily changes so great. And yet the ra- 
tio for Utah and New Mexico (the only portions from which 
statistics of any value are as yet obtainable) is only 31. But 
here, as in the contrasted regions that lie at a lower level or 
near great waters, we observe the influence of latitude ; Utah 
giving a ratio of 48, while New Mexico presents only 26 ; post 
surgeons, indeed in the latter territory asserting that no cases 
of consumption originate there at all. It is doubtful whether 
any region is entirely exempt ; or if any, probably the high- 
lands of the tropics only. And this statement brings us to our 
third law. 

Other things being equal, consumption diminishes with altitude. 

So influential is this cause that it is said that some of the re- 



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$6* ART 07 PB0L0KGING LITE. 

gions lying near the equator at an altitude of 8,000 feet — re* 
gions where great uniformity, mildness, dryness and altitude 
all combine, are not only entirely exempt from indigenous 
eases, but prove absolutely remedial to all cases that can reach 
them. This latter statement, of course, is to be taken with 
some allowance. But so efficacious are these regions, that it is 
said consumptive soldiers from Lima, sent there by the Peruvi- 
an government, invariably recover. 

Leaving many details, especially those that pertain to the 
discussion of various localities in our own country for a future 
article, I briefly sum up the conclusions thus far established in 
the proposition that mildness and dryness of atmosphere com- 
bined with altitude of location are most favorable to exemptionfrom 
pulmonary consumption. CJ. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Obeerrer.] 
ABT OF PROLONGING LIFE.* 



Christopher William Hufeland, born at Langensabzen, Thu- 
ringia, Aug. 12, 1762, died at Berlin, Aug. 25, 1836, hav- 
ing attained to the ripe age of 74. Professor of Medicine first 
in the University of Jena and afterwards in that of Berlin, he 
was alike distinguished for learning, wisdom and liberality of 
sentiment. That he frankly expressed his appreciation of 
Hahnemann's merits is sufficient evidence of the latter. Of 
his writings none has achieved a greater or more enduring rep- 
utation than his treatise on the art of prolonging life. Replete 
with learning, the overflowing of an exuberantly stored mind, 
it wins not less by its elegance of style than by its richness of 
thought. And if the present translation is the work of the au- 
thor himself (as the editor thinks) it affords evidence of a sin- 
gular mastery of a difficult and foreign tongue. It is pleasant 
to turn to this classic work of a ripe scholar and philosophic 
physician from such as that which 1 had lately the ungrateful 
task of reviewing. 

Though not a little of the matter, with which its attractive 
pages are filled, may seem commonplace at the present time 

"Hufeland's Art of Prolonging Life, edited by Erasmus Wilson, F. R. S. From the 
MtlLoadon Edition. Lindsay * BUkiaton, Philadelphia. 12 mo., 296 pp. f 1 26. 



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ABT OF PROLONGING LIFE. S$S 

because it has become familiar, a candid examination will con- 
firm the intelligent reader in the conclusion expressed by the 
learned editor as to the little real progress which has been made 
in the science of living during the more than half a century 
since the original work was written. Notwithstanding the im- 
mense advances which have been made during that period, in 
histology, animal chemistry, and physiology, the practical rules 
for the conduct of life have been but little enlarged or modi- 
fied ; if indeed they have been since the days of Hippocrates. 
Nor can it be truly affirmed that the self restraint and virtue 
which enable man to conform his life to the rules that his in- 
tellect accepts, have increased much, if any faster than the 
science of living itself. The present moment still engrosses the 
mind of the race, and the present pleasure is eagerly grasped 
though at the expense of the cost of greater suffering in the 
future ! 

It is somewhat amusing to observe in Hufeland's preface his 
allusion to the legion of quacks who imposed on the credulity 
of the multitude, and to read there as well as elsewhere his sad 
reflections on the melancholy age in which he lived, a period of 
" fast living" and " destructive to mankind/' In what age of 
the world, since man emerged from barbarism, have not such 
reflections been rife ? What would have been the thoughts of 
our sage could he have witnessed the railroad speed and the 
electric excitement of our madder times ! 

Our author introduces his subject with a pleasing disquisi- 
tion on the value that men set on life and the various means that 
have been resorted to in order to prolong it. The Egyptians 
supposed that it could be lengthened by the use of emetics and 
sudorifics. They probably believed in what we still hear something 
of, even in this 19th century of the Christian era, the keeping of 
the pores open. It was therefore a common custom with that 
eminently practical people to take two emetics every month. 
They would probably have esteemed the whilom and perhaps 
yet Thomsonian or so-called Botanic (termed thus, as an old phy- 
sician was wont to say, because its practitioners do not under- 
stand botany) practice of taking half a dozen emetics daily as 
slightly excessive. In accordance with Egyptian ideas the or- 

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86£ AKT OT PROLONGING LIFE. 

dinary salutation between friends on meeting, was, " How do 
you perspire V This was quite as characteristic as the " How- 
do you do " of the busy Englishman, the " How do you cany 
yourself " of the gay, mercurial Frenchman, intent on the ex- 
terior, or the " How is your stomach" of the gluttonous China- 
man. 

Is it American invalidism that has suggested the " How are 
you ? " of our countryman — supplemented in the South with 
" How's your family ?" " How's your crap ?" which latter is 
probably a euphonism or Oongoism for crop. 

According to our author, Hippocrates and his contempo- 
raries, advised, in order to the prolonging of lite, moderation, 
the use of free and pure air, and above all, exercise and daily 
friction of the body. With the Greeks originated gymnastics 
or systematic exercise. They never forgot that the cherishing 
and training of the body should keep pace with that of the 
mind. 

How much has modern wisdom advanced beyond these ex- 
cellent rules of the ancient Greeks ? Lacking the scientific 
attainments of the modern world, they were yet fine observers 
of human nature, and unlike us, they faithfully acted, in 
this respect, upon what they knew. Hence they maintained 
subtle and vigorous minds in sound and symmetrical bodies. 
When shall such another race be seen as that which produced 
Socrates and Plato, Homer, JCschylus, Euripides and Demos- 
thenes ? Alas I long weary years must elapse, measured cen- 
turies must come and go before the fierce turm oil of this tran- 
sition period shall subside, a more tranquil state ensue, and out 
of that a more elegant and symmetrical civilization, a social 
organization arise, perfect in proportions, chaste and elegant 
in ornament as the unrivalled Athenian Parthenon. Out of 
this terrible social and moral chaos which we term modern civ- 
ilization, the foundation stones already begin to appear. 

There was in the early ages a method of rejuvenating, styled 
Gerocomy (meaning the hygiene of the aged) that is not to be 
commended. That was to have vigorous youth sleep with the 
failing aged. This may have proved a gain to the old, but it 

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ABT OF PROLONGING LIFE. 

was at the cost of loss of vigor to the young. Practiced after 
the manner of King David (vide, First Kings, chap 1.) I fear it 
would prove altogether too seductive for modern virtue to re- 
sist. There are some things too much tor poor human nature ; 
notwithstanding that Rev. Isaac Taylor, in his History of An- 
cient Christianity, tells of a famous bishop, who, to prove his 
superiority to the ordinary frailties of humanity, preserved his 
continence while he lay between two young virgins — at least 
he said he did. 

One Hermippus, a teacher of female children at Rome, was 
thought to have prolonged his life "by living continually 
amidst a circle of young maids." He therefore advises people 
44 to expose themselves every evening and morning to the breath 
of young, innocent maids." 

This would, no doubt, be quite as efficacious as, and certain- 
ly much more pleasant than the more modern method of let- 
ting blood every spring as well as during pregnancy, a super- 
stition from which, not all physicians have yet recovered. 

Louis XIII, says our author, was bled forty-seven times in 
the last ten months of his life. Dr. Sangrado must have been 
in his glory. I hardly think that any quackery outside of the 
44 regular " profession has ever equalled in degree or destruc- 
iveness that which has been practiced inside. 

The learned Huteland, after treating of the estimate that 
men set on life, and of the means that they have resorted to 
in order to prolong it, proceeds to lay a foundation for his dis- 
quisition, in an investigation into the nature of life. But I 
cannot say that he has attained to any marked success in this 
effort. He lays down, however, a distinction, not without 
practical value, between intensity and extensity of life — a dis- 
tinction somewhat analogous to that between intensity and quan- 
tity of electricity. By intensity, he means rate of living ; by 
extensity, duration of life, teaching also that the faster we live 
the more we abbreviate life. This he illustrates by various al- 
lusions to plants and animals as well as man. It is a distinc- 
tion that men never needed to keep in mind more than at the 
present time. For whatever may have been the intensity of 

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£66 ABT 07 PROLONGING LIFE. 

life in other days no one questions that the present era, with 
its numerous methods of expediting business, travel and the 
diffusion of news, is the most rapid age known in the history 
of the human race. Men should consider that all overwork is 
a draft on the future with heavy interest to be paid ; and that 
for every such draft they will accomplish less in a life time. It 
must be met sooner or later by a total suspension of labor from 
acute disease, by diminished work from a broken down consti- 
tution, or by a cutting short of the term of life by the relent- 
less hand of waiting death. 

There is another distinction which our author has overlooked ; 
and that is the distinction between quantity (used in reference 
to abundance of vitality) and tenacity of life. It is by no 
means always the most robust that, with the same care, lives 
the longest. The tendency to longevity is a special endow- 
ment of the system and has its special indications quite differ- 
ent from those that bespeak a robust frame. 

Hufeland says that the mortality among physicians is greater 
than among the members of any other profession ; though if I 
recollect the statistics on this subject, the difference between 
physicians and lawyers is but slight. He states, as do others, 
that the chief mortality occurs during the first ten years of 
practice. The subsequent exemption he attributes to acquiring 
an insensibility to irregular habits and noxious influences. 
Others have included, as among the causes of the mortality 
among the juniors the anxiety attending on straightened cir- 
cumstances during their early struggles after professional suc- 
cess. 

It is well known that difficulties overcome, strengthen the 
mind, and that hardships resisted, strengthen the body. While 
those that are too much for the mental or physical vigor tend 
only to destroy. May not much of the explanation lie in the 
fact that while the feeble perish, the tough become strength- 
ened ; as weakly children, unable to endure the hardships o 
savage life, die, leaving only the strong to attain to mature age. 

Among the influences that conduce to longevity, Hufeland 
mentions the invigorating character of a northern (but not ex* 
treme northern) climate, stating that, in general, more numer- 



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ABT OF PBOLONGING WFU, £67 

ous instances of longevity are found in such climates. This is 
undoubtedly true with regard to the United States ; longevity 
abounding more in our Northern States, even when there is 
little or no difference in the rate of mortality. No doubt this 
is due also to the visor acquired by success in the struggle 
which the severity of the climate compels with most. 

To bachelors he gives a terrible warning. They have neglect- 
ed one of the most important points in the art of prolonging 
life. There is not one instance of a bachelor " having attained 
to a great age/ 1 That bachelors in general die (as it is fitting 
they should) at a less advanced age than benedicts, is a well es- 
tablished fact. But let them take courage. Hufeland's state- 
ment is quite too sweeping, unless he considers those who 
die at from 70 to 91 as not having attained to a great age. 
Liebnitz attained to 70 years of age, Wolfe to 75, Male- 
branche to 77, Kant to 80, Swedenborg to 84, Newton to 85, 
Alex. Van Humboldt to 90 and Hobbes to 91. There is hope, 
therefore, for bachelors desirous of longevity. 

One singular statement is made by Hufeland,that "all those 
people who have been very old were married more than once and 
generally at a very late period of life." I apprehend that the 
plurality of marriages did not contribute to length of life, but 
that those persons possessed greater tenacity of life than their 
spouses. He instances the remarkable case of. De Longueville 
who attained to the age of 110 and he married ten wives, the 
last, (by whom he had a child after he was 100) when in his 
99th year. If there were many like this De Longueville it 
would be necessary that the present custom of begetting more 
female than male children should be greatly extended. 

Hufeland considered a diet chiefly vegetable and aquiet coun- 
try life to be the most favorable to longevity. All experience 
is in accordance with this opinion. 

He arrives at the conclusion that men might attain to the age 
of two hundred years if they would live according to the condi- 
tions of longevity. For his reasons as well as for the rules, in 
general, which he proposes, I must refer the reader to the book 
itself. 

The physician will not expect advanced science in a work writ- 
ten more than a half century ago ; but for pleasing illustrations 
derived from the extensive reading and wide observation of the 
author, its judicious practical rules and sage reflections on the 
part of a wise and excellent man, all conveyed in a pleasing 
and elegant style, it has few equals. For simplicity, clearness, 
and beauty it is in medical literature almost what Guy Man- 
nering, Ivanhoe and other tales of the great Wizard of the 
North are in the realm of fiction. Gk 



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Staima Shfeita* 



PROP. EDWIN M. HALE, Edito*. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
POLYPORUS PINICOLA. 



The Bev. Dr. M. A. Curtis, of Hillsborough, North Caroli- 
na gave me the following botanical description of this fungus : 

Polyporus Pinicola — "pileo suberoso-lignoso e pulvinato angulato 
gibbo uncquabili-rngnoso e Julvo nigricante cinnabarino-marginato 
intus, daro pallido, parts minutis obtusis e pcUlido ochroleucis." 

[Fries' Epioeisis, p. 468.] 

The Genus Boletus, as now constituted, includes only fleshy species 
with a hymenium composed of separable tubes. Those species for 
merly included in Boletus, and whose hymenium is composed of 
pores, now form the Genus Polyporus. The above species fall into 
the latter genus." 

The specimen that this proving was made from grew in Wiscon- 
sin, on a live pine tree, with dead streaks in it. It was taken 
from the tree in the winter, and alive. It grew in the shape of 
an hour-class, about ten inches long, and five inches in diameter. 
The gentleman who procured the specimen for me said he had seen 
them growing on the live pine tree two feet long, and from six to 
ten inches in diameter at the apex, and about four inches at the 
base. I out it into fine shavings, put it into pure alcohol, and let 
it macerate two weeks before using. The tincture was of a dark, 
red color, and intensely bitter. 

FIRST PROVING. 

March 20. — In perfect health ; tongue clean ; good appetite ; bow- 
els regular ; move once a day. 11 a. m., took half an ounce of the 
second decimal, prepared in water from the first alcoholic dilution. 
Ten minutes after pressing sensation in larynx, with dryness of the 
fauces; 12 m., dull headache ; great dryness of the fauces, with 
constant inclination to swallow ; severe, aching distress in the right 
malar bone, with neuralgic pains in the temple; smarting of the 
eyes ; distress in the small intestines ; drawing pains in the right 
groin ; sharp pains in the right tibia. 9 p. m , dryness of the fauces 
all day, with frequent inclination to swallow ; frequent drawing 
pains in the right hypoohondrium ; frequent dull pains in the bowel* 
all the afternoon ; ankles and feet ached severely. 

21.— Slept good, with slight perspiration; great dryness of the 
fauces for the first half hour in the morning, then all passed away ; 
languid all day ; natural stools ; fingers stiff. 

22. — Took half an ounce at 11 a. m.; for two hours smarting of the 
eyes ; frequent pain and distress in the umbilical and hypochondriac 
regions all day ; loose stool at 8 p. m.; frequent neuralgic pains in the 
temples ; great lassitude ; could with difficulty get about ; great weak • 
ness and pain in my ankles and feet. 

23. — Perspired slightly while sleeping ; loose stool ; fingers ache, 
and are quite stiff. 12 m., took one ounce. 9 p. m., all day have had 



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POLTPORUS PINICOLA. 269 

a fullness of the head, with a hot feeling in the faee and eyes ; fre- 
quent dull rumbling in the bowels ; dull pains in the right hypo- 
ohondrinm and sharp pains in the region of the spleen ; severe draw- 
ing pains in the elbows and flexor muscles of both arms ; fingers feel- 
ing quite stiff, with frequent stitching pains in the joints ; aching 
distress in the ankles, feet and toes, with sharp pains in the toes ; 
great lassitude. 

24. Flat, rough taste in the mouth ; distress in the epigastrium ; 
stiffness of the fingers, with sharp pains in them when closing them. 
Same symptoms had yesterday, with more neuralgic pains in the tem- 
ples; severe drawing pains in the left hypoohondrium.4|Took 20 
drops of the tincture. AH the above symptoms were strongly marked, 
with a hard, lumpy stool. 

25. — Severe frontal headache while in bed ; eyelids agglutinated 
together ; natural stool ; fingers quite stiff. Took half a dram ; 10 a. 
m., severe smarting of the eyes ; distress in the epigastrium ; dull 
pains in the bowels. Took one and a-half drams, 3 p. m.; constant 
nausea for the first half hour ; fullness of the head, with face hot 
and flushed ; pressing distress in the fauces ; frequent pains in the 
epigastrium, with rumbling in the bowels ; drawing pains in the 
right hypochondrium ; rheumatic pains in every part of the body, ex- 
cepting the back ; severe stitching, drawing pains in the elbows, fing- 
ers, knees, ankles and toes ; severe drawing pains in the inside of 
the right thigh ; pulse 84, soft and feeble. Evaporated one ounce 
and a-half down to a solid extract, and took half of it at once. For 
two hours after taking the medicine had severe congestion of the 
head and face ; vertigo when walking ; face greatly flushed, with a 
prickling sensation all over it ; distress in the fauces, with frequent 
inclination to swallow ; great dryness of the fauces ; by spells great 
distress in the epigastrium ; had five or six hard, distressing pains in 
the hypogastrium, followed by a hard, dry, lumpy stool ; dull pains 
in the lumbar region ; fingers, knees, ankles and feet have constant 
rheumatic pains in them of a drawing, aching character ; great lassi- 
tude ; sleepy all the evening ; eyes smart constantly. 

26. — Slept good ; eyelids agglutinated together ; sweet, flat taste in 
the mouth ; tongue coated white ; tonsils are congested ; frequent ef- 
forts to swallow that are quite painful ; dull, aching distress in the 
epigastrium ; fingers stiff; dull pains in the ankles. Took the bal- 
ance of the extract an hour before eating breakfast ; 9 a. m., distress 
in the hypogastric region for ten minutes, followed by stool, first part 
dry and lumpy, last part mushy ; vertigo when walking ; face con- 
gested. 1 p. m. — For the first three hours had hard, sickening pains 
in the hypogastric regions ; then remained quite easy for two hours, 
when those hard pains came on again every few minutes ; the pains 
would last from five to ten minutes at a time, and produce great faint- 
ness ; after they had lasted two hours had a stool that run from my 
bowels a stream, of a deep yellow color ; the last part was frothy and 
mixed with bile. It was just six hours from the time I took the medi- 
cine until I had the stool. This stool was followed by dull pains in 
the bowels, aggravated by walking, with distress in the liver ; dull 
4 



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970 PX)LYPOBTJS PINICOUL 

pains in the lumbar and dorsal regions. Took half an ounee of the 
tincture. This was a tongh dose to get down, fearing the effects 
would be more than I could bear, I drank a pint of milk. 9 p.m. — 
Had but slight distress in the bowels, but was very languid. 

17. — Had a restless night ; had such severe pains in the wrists 
and left knee that I could not sleep ; throat troubled me greatly all 
night ; sweet, flat taste ; tongue coated white ; tonsils congested 
slightly, but the great suffering is in the epigastrium. There h a 
constant, very severe distress in the lower part; of the epigastrium 
that produces great faintness ; if I press on it or walk it is greatly 
aggravated. This awful distress lasted until noon, when it became 
quite easy , violent, dull, aching distress in the lumbar region all 
day, with frequent pains in the bowels ; no stool. 

28. — Throat feeling very sore, with dryness of the fauces and fre- 
quent inclination to swallow ; stool at 8 a. m., first part natural, last 
part mushy, and exceedingly yellow ; frequent pains in the bowels all 
day, with great lassitude ; urine scanty and high-colored for the last 
two days. 

29. — Tonsils and fauces feeling very sore and stiff, with great dry- 
ness and frequent inclination to swallow, for two hours in the morn- 
ing, and then in the evening; natural stool ; frequent pains in the 
bowel 8 through the day. 

30. — Tonsils very much congested and enlarged ; the soft palate 
and fauces are also greatly congested ; deglutition quite painful ; for 
the last four days the nostrils are constantly filled with a thick, yel- 
low mucus ; severe pains in the epigastrium all the morning ; very 
languid ail day yesterday and this morning. For ten days, every day 
about 10 a. m. my head would commence to ache, with severe aching 
pains in the back, but more especially in the legs ; would gradually 
increase until 3 p. m., when the pains in the legs were so severe I had 
to lie down to get relief; with this there was a great despondency and 
weakness ; from 3 p. m. to 6 p. m. it would gradually pass away, and 
all the evening I would feel perfectly well. The effects in the legs 
did not entirely leave until four weeks subsequent to taking the 
medicine. 

RESUME. 

Fever. — 1. Great lassitude. 

2. Congestion of blood to the head with vertigo. 

3. Face hot and flushed, with prickling sensation all over it. 

4. Restlessness at night, from pains in the wrists and left knee. 

5. Rheumatic pains in every part of the body, excepting the back, 
with restless nights. 

6. Pulse 84, soft and feeble. 

7. For three nights perspired profusely. 

8. For ten days after taking the medicine, every day about 10 a. 
m. my head would commence to ache, with severe aching pains in the 
back and especially in my legs and ankles ; the pain would gradually 
increase until 3 p. m., when the pains in the legs became so severe I 
was compelled to lie down to get relief ; with this there was great 
despondency and debility of the muscular system. From 3 to 6 p. n 



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POLYPOBTTS PINICOLA. 271 

it would gradually pass away, and all the evening I would feel per- 
fectly well. 

CLINICAL REMARKS. 

The Polyporus pinioola is a sovereign remedy in remittent, inter- 
mittent and bilious fevers. I have used it the last two years in an 
immense number of eases, with the most happy results. Other physi- 
cians have used it in intermittent fevers with good effect. 

Case 1. — Dr. O. P. Mann, of Ottawa, Illinois, reports as follows : 
A few weeks sinee I received from Dr. E. M. Hale, of Chicago, s 
small quantity of the first decimal dilution of the Boletus Pinus (Poly- 
poms pinioola), with the request that I should test its alleged effi- 
cacy in some cases of obstinate intermittents. Luckily such a case 
was found. A gentleman about 30 years old came to me in July ; 
said he was laboring under attacks of intermittent fever every few 
weeks ; sometimes Quinine would break it up, sometimes it would not. 
I prescribed for him twice, but did not benefit him any. About two 
weeks ago he informed me chat he still had the ague, and feared he 
would have to leave the country or die with it. 1 obtained permis- 
sion to try the new remedy. Gave him five drops of the second dilu- 
tion every three hours. Yesterday he called and informed me that 
be had had no paroxysms of ague since beginning the medicine. The 
first dose seemed to give him new strength and vitality. The symp- 
toms of the case were as follows . During the chill sudden darting 
pains in the back and limbs ; strictly uneasy feelings ; great prostra- 
tion ; cold, pinched sensation ; great desire to get near the stove ; un- 
able to get warm ; numbness and dead feeling of the surface, with 
desire to use friction to get a proper warmth. During the heat gets 
gradually warm in two or three hours ; headache ; flushing of the 
face ; heat of surface ; great languor ; no inclination to stir. After 
the paroxysm, dull, numb sensation ; no sweating. During the apyr- 
exia, bowels constipated ; putrid taste ; loss of appetite ; feeling of 
weakness at epigastrium. The paroxysms came on every second day, 
or every seventh. — American Homoeopathic Observer, vol. II., page 37. 

In the Medical Investigator, 2d vol., page 78, Dr. M. D. Coe re- 
ports two cases treated with the Polyporus pinioola. 

Case 2. — W., set 60, was attacked with a severe chill about 5 a.k.; 
shook severely for two hours, with much pain in his back. This was 
followed by high fever, with severe headache and thirst ; a profuse 
perspiration succeeded, and he was left with a great deal of muscular 
soreness ; he said he felt sore inside. The next day at 10 a. m. I left 
him ten two-grain powders of Boletus pinus (Polyporus pinicola), to 
be taken once in three hours. Had no return of the chill. Four days 
after gave Rhus tox for the soreness. Has remained well since. 

Case 3. — L. Had tertian ague, chills, fever and sweat. After 
third paroxysm called for some medicine ; said he had thirst during 
the chill and fever ; much pain in back and head ; loss of appetite 
and general prostration. Gave Boletus pini (Polyporus pinicola) as 
in the other case. Has had no return of the chills, and is now in 
lohool. 



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POLYPORUS PINIOOLA. 

In the American Homoeopathic Observer, vol. II., page 2, Dr. E. 
M. Hale says : *' I have used it (Polyporus pinioola) in three cases 
of tertian intermittents, two of which were arrested under its use, 
but came on again in fourteen days. The third case did not seem to 
be influenced by its action. It was given in the form of tincture ; 
ten drops of the first decimal dilution every two hours." 

Dr. T. Cation Duncan, of Chicago, Illinois, has sent me the follow- 
ing cases, treated with Polyporus Pinioola : 

Case 4. — Mr. P.; bilious temperament ; good constitution ; had al- 
ways been well. Aug. 4. — Had been out in the country working in 
the harvest field ; was taken with the chills two weeks ago ; at first 
the attacks were every day ; he now has a paroxysm every other day. 
The chills commence at 10 a. m., last one hour ; this is followed by a 
fever that lasts about the same length of time ; then the sweating 
stage supervenes and the paroxysms terminate, to be again repeated 
the alternate day. The paroxysm on every fourth day is much more 
severe. His appetite remains good ; at times voracious. Feels well 
during the apyrexia ; has taken no medicine. I ordered China 4 and 
Ars. 3, to be taken every two hours during the apyrexia. Aug. 12. — 
Improving ; continued same remedies. 18. — No improvement. I 
now thought I would try what virtue there was in the Polyporus 
pinioola. I ordered four pills, No. 5, saturated with the 2d dec, to 
be taken every two hours. 22 — No better. I now give the remedy 
every hour. 25. — Improving ; continued treatment every two hours. 
28. — still improving ; continued treatment. Sept. 1 1. — Is entirely 
relieved of the disease, but is still very weak ; his appetite is vor- 
aoious ; can eat all the time ; complains of pain in the region of the 
spleen which is tender upon pressure ; so also is the epigastric 
region. Oct. 13. — Incontinence of urine. Gave Cantharis 3. Nov. 
4. — A good deal of pain in region of spleen. The organ is much en- 
larged, which gives rise to severe pleuritis pain. Ordered Bryonia 
and China. March 20. — The patient is now well. I think he would 
not have had that enlarged spleen had I removed the medicine at the 
disappearance of the chills. 1 consider the enlargement of the spleen 
an effect of the Polyporus pinioola. He was pale and- anaemic, while 
his appetite was voracious. This seems to be an excess of the white 
corpuscles of the blood 'being perfect cells thrown off from the spleen, 
and perhaps other glands, and due to their continued over-nutrition 
and stimulation. 

Case 5. — A.; has intermittent fever of the tertian type. All of the 
usual symptoms present. I ordered China 4, to be given every two 
hours during the apyrexia. Aug. 14. — No improvement ; ordered 
Arsenicum 3. Aug. 20. — Still no improvement. Ordered Boletus 
(polyporus) to be taken every two hours. Jan. 12. — The polyporus 
cured his ague at once. 

Case 6. — Aug. 29. Mr. A., sat 24, suffers with the ague of the 
quotidian type ; has all the usual symptoms ; feels well during the 
apyrexia. Ordered polyporus pinioola second, to be taken every two 
hours ; was to return if not cured. I have never seen him since. 

Case 7.— Sept. 9. A., set 22.; has chills and fever, followed bj 



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POLYPOEUS PINICOLA. £7S 

profuse perspiration every day, accompanied with headache and 
thirst. 1 ordered poiyporus pinioola 2, every two hours, until better, 
with orders to return again in a few days if not better. Never saw 
the ease after. 

Cases one and two I know were cured by the remedy, but the last 
two I cannot be certain about ; but I believe they were cured or they 
would have returned again. That the Boletus (poiyporus pinicola) 
has medicinal virtues is evident, and it merits a careful proving from 
the profession. 

CASES TREATED BY MYSELF WITH THE POLYPORUS PINICOLA. 

Case 8. — Mr,s. B., »t 22 ; nervous temperament. Deo. 28, — For 
the last month has been feeling very languid all the time ; 9 p. m ., 
had a hard chill ; lasted until midnight ; hands, feet, and whole body 
very cold ; great restlessness ; could not sleep any ; by spells severe 
rigors would take place ; hard pains in her back and legs ; nausea, 
with great efforts to vomit, but no vomiting, followed by fever all 
night but no perspiration ; every few minutes all night had sharp, 
colicky pains in the bowels ; stomach sour. Treatment : poiyporus 
pinicola 1st trit., two grs. every two hours, for thirty-six hours, Had 
no more chills'or fever, but rapidly convalesced. 

Case 9.— Intermittant fevi-r, quotidian type. Aug. 1. — Little 
Eva ; temperament nervo-bilious ; living on an island in the Missis- 
sippi River. For the last three weeks has been growing weak ; com- 
plains of great lassitude ; bowels loose for a long time ; stools slimy ; 
for the last few days every night at 10 p. m. commences to be sick at 
the stomach and vomits freely a number of times for three hours ; 
then has quite a fever until daylight ; perspires slightly ; tongue 
coated white, with the papilla very prominent ; no appetite ; drinks 
large quantities of cold water ; is excessively irritable ; looks very 
pale ; vomiting is the most severe symptom in her case. Treatment : 
poiyporus pinicola, ten drops in half tumbler of water, with Ipecac. 
2d, in alternation, every hour, teaspoonful at a dose, second day every 
two hours, third day every three hours. Had no more fever after 
the first night, but rapidly convalesced ; staid away two weeks ; 
eame on again ; had three paroxysms, when the poiyporus cured it 
again ; remained away one week ; came on stronger than ever. The 
poiyporus would not control it any more ; had to resort to quinine. 

Case 10. Intermittent fever ; type, quotidian. Mr. L. called on me 
and said his little girl had the ague ; every night complained of be 
ing chilly, with a good deal of yawning, for about two hours ; then 
had high fever all night, with profuse perspiration in the morning ; 
played about every day, feeling quite well. Treatment : poiyporus 
pinicola 1st dilution, two drops every two hours. Had no more fever 
after taking the medicine one day. In this case fever was the lead- 
ing symptom. 

Case 11. — Tertian intermittent fever. Miss T., set 19 ; bilious 

temperament. For the last three months has been troubled with 

colic and diarrhoea. Has had the paroxysms of ague, coining on 

every other day at 2 p. m.; chill lasts one hour ; has fever until dark ; 

20 



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874 POLYPORUS PINICOLA. 

sweats profusely at night ; tongue coated thickly, yellow ; vomits a 
number of times during the fever ; complains of severe headache 
and pain in her bones ; very thirsty during the fever . Treatment : 
polyporus pinicolo 1st, three drops every two hours Had no more 
fever after commencing the remedy. The bowels continued to trouble 
her. Gave Sulphur and Collinsonia, which completed the cure. 

Case 12. — Tertian ague in a little babe. For ten days past, every 
other day has a slight chill in the morning ; vomits frequently 
through the forenoon ; very thirsty ; bowels loose; fever lasts all day ; 
sweats slightly at night ; is very pale and fretful. Tretment : Poly- 
porus pinicola, while the fever was on ; missed the next paroxysm, 
but vomited the next day ; gave Ipecac, with the polyporus ; cured 
the patient for two weeks, when it returned. Its mother, living in 
the country, six miles from me, gave it Quinine, which cured it. 

Case 13. — Tertian intermittent fever. A little girl, aBt 12 ; nervo- 
bilious temperament. For two weeks has had the ague every other 
day at noon. Is chilly for three hours, followed by high fever all 
the afternoon and sweat at night ; drinks large quantities of water. 
In the last two paroxysms her lower extremities have been completely 
paralysed. This alarmed her parents, who had been giving her 
Quinine, and I was sent for. Says her stomach pains her all the 
the time ; tongue not coated, but red at the tip ; poor appetite ; cried 
all the time during my visit. Treatment : Polyporus pinicola, and 
Gelseminum iL , one drop every two hours, in alternation ; had but one 
slight paroxysm after commencing the remedies. The Gelseminum 
had something to do with this cure. It is purely homoeopathic to the 
above symptoms. 

Case 14. — Miss F., set 9. For the last four days, every afternoon 
at 3 p. m. commences to have severe frontal headache, with hard neu- 
ralgic pains in the left temple ; the pain is so severe she cries most 
of the time with it. After the pain has lasted from one to two hours 
she becomes very sick at her stomach and vomits a green, ropy fluid. 
The headache lasts until 10 p. m.; then she falls asleep and perspires. 
Last night had fever with the headache ; every forenoon she has 
been quite well, but to-day has a dull headache, and has not been 
able to sit up ; tongue furred white ; bowels costive ; stools dark 
color. Treatment : Polyporus pin. 2d, five drops every two hours. 
Bad her usual paroxysm in the afternoon. Next day missed the neu- 
ralgia and headache altogether. Discharged her convalescent. In 
this case neuralgia of the left side of the head and temple was the 
leading symptom. 

Case 15. — Intermittent fever, quotidian type ; temperament bil- 
ious ; set 30. May 6. — For the last eight days has had the regular 
shaking ague. 11 a. m., is chilly for half an hour, with constant and 
hard rigors. Severe pain in the head, back and limbs ; her knees 
and shoulders ache more than any other part of the body. This is 
followed by high fever all day, but no sweat at night. Is very rest- 
less all night ; her shoulders and knees ache so she cannot sleep ; 
tongue coated white ; flat taste in the mouth ; no gastric symptoms ; 
drinks a great deal during the apyrexia ; is very weak. Treatment : 



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POLYPORUS PINICOLA. 8f6 

Polyporus pin. *, one drop every two hoars. Had but one slight par- 
oxysm afterward*. 

I have taken notes of 17 more cases where the polyporus pin. had 
ntade just as rapid cures as it did in those above given . It is 
useless to give them here. Enough has been said to call the parti- 
catapj attention of the profession to the anti-miasmatio properties of 
therol jporus pin. I have given it in a very large number of cases 
for the last two years with the most favorable results. I do not think 
it has failed in more than 20 eases in two years in my hands, but it 
has failed in cases similar to those I have cited above. I am not able 
to give the exact symptoms it is homoeopathic to in intermittents, but 
the remarks I have made on Polyporus off will apply to the Poly- 
porus pinicola. Which is the best anti-miasmatic remedy ? I think 
the polyporus off. is more to be relied on in intermittents, but the 
action of both remedies are so near alike it is hard to tell really 
which of the two is the best. 

In remittent and bilious fevers it will be found very useful. 

Case 1. — A little babe, aged four months ; has two teeth ; no signs 
of any more coming. May 7. — Yesterday commenced to have fever ; 
has continued ever since ; tongue coated white ; green, slimy stools 
every hour ; cries and moans all the time. Treatment : Gave poly- 
porus pinicola 30. 8. — At 7 a. m. called and found my little patient 
much better ; vomited four times yesterday ; fever left it in the night; 
bowels much better. Continued treatment. 9. — Convalescent. 

Case 2. — John H., set 8 ; bilious temperament. April 26. — Was 
called to visit him, and found the following symptoms : Yesterday 
had a bard chill, lasting two hours, with severe pain in the head and 
stomach ; frequent nausea, followed by high fever that has not left 
him yet, now noon : perfect loss of appetite ; has severe nausea to- 
day ; very weak ; pulse 122. Treatment : Polyporus pin. 2d dilu- 
tion, two drops every two hours in water. April 27. — Feeling bet- 
ter ; pulse 100 ; no nausea ; continued treatment. April 28. — No 
fever ; pulse 86 ; skin moist ; tongue cleaning off ; continued treat- 
ment every three hours. April 29. — Convalescent. Had a good 
stool this morning. Calls for something to eat. Discharged cured. 

Case 3. — A little boy, est 6, was taken with vomiting and high 
fever, Aug. 3. I was called on the 4th, and found the following 
symptoms : Pulse 130 ; tongue coated yellow ; vomits about every 
hour ; says his bowels pain him severely ; bowels loose ; no appetite ; 
has not slept much through the night. Treatment : polyporus pin. 
■^ six drops in twelve spoonfuls of water, one every two hours. Aug. 
5. — Much better ; pulse 116 ; has not vomited any since midnight ; 
continued same treatment. Aug. 6. — No fever ; is trying to play 
about the house. Discharged cured. 

Case 4. — Mr. B., set 21 ; bilious temperament. March 23. — Was 
called to attend him for the following symptoms: Yesterday noon 
commenced to be chilly ; has continued to be chilly ever since ; was 
so cold and restless could not sleep through the night ; severe head- 
ache ; tongue coated white ; loss of appetite ; bowels regular. Treat- 
ment : polyporus p., first fodr drops every two hours. 24. — Soon af- 
ter giving the remedy had a fever come on ; went off in the night, and 



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976 POLYPORUS miCOLA. 

be sweat profusely afterwards. Had no more chills or fever, but 
went to work in two days, feeling well. 

Head. — 9. Pull frontal headache, constant symptom ' during the 
whole proving. — B. * 

10. Severe frontal headache while in bed in the morning, with 
vertigo when moving. A 

11. Fullness of the head, with flushed face. 4 ^ 

12. Severe congestion of blood to the head,with vertigo whea walking. 

13. Fullness of the head all day, with a burning sensation in the 
eyes and face. 

14. Severe aching distress in the malar bone (right) with neural- 
gic pains in the right temple. 

Eyes. — 15. Smarting of the eyes. 

16. Congestion of the conjunctiva. 

17. Agglutination of the eyelids every morning. 
Mouth. — 18. Flat taste in the mouth. 

19. Sweet taste. 

20. Tongue coated white, with a flat, rough taste. 

Fauces. — 21. Dryness of fauces, with pressing sensation in larynx. 

22. Great dryness of fauces, with a constant inclination to swallow. 

23. Dryness of the fauces all day. 

24. Pressing distress in the fauces. 

25. Stiff, dry feeling in the fauces. 

26. Severe congestion of the tonsils and fauces. 

27. Painful deglutition. 

28. Enlargement of the tonsils. 

29. For a week, every morning and evening, there was great sore- 
ness and dryness of the tonsils and fauces. 

CLINICAL REMARKS. 

I have given the polyporus in one case of angina tonsillaris ; a 
married lady who had been subject to inflammation and suppuration of 
the tonsils every month for years. By taking the remedy as soon as 
she would feel the disease commencing it would invariably drive it 
away. She kept it away seven months with the polyporus. When I 
left Lyons I gave her a supply of the remedy, and I hope it will even- 
tually cure her. This is the only case I have tried it in, and from 
the good results it has produced in this one case I have no doubt it 
will prove to be a valuable remedy in such diseases, especially if 
the patient has a rheumatic diathesis 

Gastric Symptoms. — 30. Nausea for half an hour. 

31. Eructations of tasteless air. 

32. Canine hunger. This last symptom I have cured a number of 
times with the Polyporus pinioola. 

Stomach. — 33. Severe distress in the region of the stomach. 

34 Frequent pains in epigastrium, with loud rumbling of bowels. 

35. Gutting pains in stomach several mornings after taking medicine. 

86. Pressure produces pain in the stomach. 

37. Constant, very severe distress in the lower part of the epigas- 
trium that produces great faintness, aggravated by pressure and 
walking ; lasted seven hours. This symptom, without a doubt, was 
due to portal congestion. 

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. POLYPORUS PINICOLA. S77 

Liver. — 88. Frequuent drawing pains in the right hypoohondrium. 
19. Severe drawing pains in the left hypoohondrium. 

40. Sharp pains in the left hypoohondrium. 

41. Dull, heavy, aohing pains in the right hypoohondrium. 

42. Deep, yellow, stools, about the oonsistenoe of cream, mixed, 
with mucus and bile. 

43. Dark, dry, lumpy stools. 

It will be seen by the above symptoms that the polyporus pin. has 
a very great effect upon the hepatic system. 

Abdomen. — 44. Drawing pains in the abdominal muscles. 

45. Great and constant distress in the whole abdomen. 

46. Frequent dull pains in the abdomen all the afternoon. 

47. Drawing pains in the right groin. 

48. Five or six hard, distressing spells of pain in the hypogas- 
trium, followed by a dry, hard, lumpy stool. 

49. For the first three hours had hard, sickening pains in the hy- 
pogastrium, then remained easy for two hours, followed by the same 
hard sickening pains in the same region. The pains would last from 
five to ten minutes at a time, and produce great faintness, followed by 
a copious deep yellow stool that run a stream from my bowels ; the 
last part was bile, and frothy mucus, followed by dull pains in the 
bowels, aggravated by walking. 

Stool. — 50. Constipation for two days; then hard, dry, lumpy, 
dark-colored stool. 

51. Natural stool. 

52. Papescent, yellow stools. 

53. Deep, yellow, papescent, frothy stool, that run a stream from 
the bowels, last part mixed with bile and frothy mucus, preceded by 
hard, sickening pains in the hypogastrium, and followed by the same 
symptoms. 

CLINICAL REMARKS. 

I have given the polyporus pin. a number of times in bilious 
diarrhoea with good results 
Urinary Organs. — 54. Urine scanty and high-colored for three days. 
Back. — 55. Dull pains in the lumbar region. 

56. Severe, dull, aching pains in the lumbar region all day. 

57. Dull pains in the lumbar and dorsal regions. 

Arms. — 58. Severe drawing pains in the elbows and flexor 
muscles of both arms. 

59. Severe sticking pains in the elbows and fingers of both hands 
and arms. 

60. Stiffness of the fingers in the morning. 

61. Stiffness of the fingers, with hard, dull aching pains in them. 

62. Fingers stiff, with frequent stitching pains in the joints, 

63. Sharp pains in the finger joints when closing them. 

Legs — 64. Sharp, drawing pains in the inside of the right thigh. 

65. Hard, aching pains in the right tibia a number of days. 

66. Great aching distress in the ankles and feet a number of days. 

67. Great weakness of the feet and ankles. 

68. Sharp pains in the toes. 



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POLYPORUS PINICOLA, T. 

FROM THE AMERICAN TAMARACK OR LARCH. 



The Key. Dr. M. A. Curtis, in a letter to me says : " A species of 
plant is determined by its own elements and not by its habitat. Many 
species of polyporus grow upon very different kinds of trees. Thus 
polyporus pinicola grows upon the pine, tamarack, birch, fir, etc. 
Polyporus igniarius is found upon the willow, ash, cherry, etc." I 
sent him some of the fungus for analysis that grew on the tamarack. 
He named it polyporus pinicola. I was fearful that he had made a 
mistake and wrote him about it, and the above is the answer I re- 
ceived, so I have no doubt he has named it correctly. That it can 
be distinguished from the polyporus that grows on the pine tree I 
have placed a T after it. Whenever the T is found after the polyporus 
pinicola it will be understood to be that species of the polypori that 
is found upon the tamarack. 

The specimen used to make this proving was taken from a dry 
tamarack tree in Canada, Oct. 1st, by my brother, and sent to 
me. The fungus was alive when taken from the tree, I cut it into 
thin shavings. and put it into pure alcohol, and let it macerate three 
weeks before using. For botanical description see polyporus pinicola. 

PROVING. 

Nov. 7. — Am in perfect health ; 6a.m, took 100 drops of the 2d 
dec, prepared in water ; 12 m„ all the forenoon have had frequent 
drawing pains in the region of the spleen ; burning distress in the 
praecordial region ; a full inspiration produces sharp pains in the 
region of the heart ; distress in the umlnlicus, with frequent draw- 
ing pains in the same region ; several times had a feeling as if the 
small intestines were being tied in knots ; frequent drawing pains in 
the right hypochondrium ; drawing pains in the wrists and left knee 
and ankle joint ; walking makes the pain in the ankle of a sharp, 
cutting character. 9 p. m. — This afternoon have had frequent cutting 
pains in the temples ; buraing in the stomach, with a dragging sen- 
sation in the right hypochondrium ; frequent cutting pains in the 
bowels ; natural stool. 

8. — Feeling well ; took 100 drops at 6 a. m. 9 p. m. — Have had 
frequent neuralgic pains in the temples ; face hot and flashed ; palms 
of the hands hot and dry : same pains in the spleen, liver and bowels, 
of yesterday ; natural stool ; very gloomy all day. 

9. — Slept good until 3 a. m.; very restless after that ; light feeling 
of the head, with dull pains in the forehead ; worse by moving ; dull 
aching pains in the back and hips ; dull pains in the wrists ; feel very 
cold ; disposition to yawn and stretch ; tongue ooated white ; took 100 
drops at 8 a. m.; 9 p. m., had a severe headache all day, aggravated by 
reading or walking ; frequent sharp pains in the region of the spleen 



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POLYPORUS FINICOLA, T. 279 

occasional sharp pains in the bowels ; my wrists, back and hips ached 
all day ; no stool. 

10. — Feeling well ; tongue coated yellow ; had lumpy stool at 7 a. 
m.; 11a. m., took 50 drops of the 1st dilation ; had hard drawing 
pains in the region of the spleen and left epigastrium all day. 

11. — Slept good, feeling very languid ; light feeling of the head, 
with dull pains in it; sweet, flat taste ; tongue coated yellow; slight 
pains in the bowels; 8 a. m. took 100 drops ; 9 p. m., had the same 
pains in the head, stomach, spleen, liver and bowels as on the 7th, 
with a stool, first part dry and lumpy, last part mushy, very yellow, 
and mixed with bile, followed by dragging pains in the liver. 

12. — Took 150 drops ; had the same symptoms of yesterday ; no 
stool. 

13. — Hard, lumpy stool, mixed with mucus and bile ; was costive 
for three days. 

Nov. 22. — Took 50 drops of the tincture at 10 a. m.; 3 p. m., for 
the last four hours have had frequent sharp pains in the temples.with 
dull frontal headache; burning distress in the epigastrium, with 
dragging pains in the right hypochondrium ; frequent drawing pains 
in the abdomen ; several times have had sharp pains in the region of 
the spleen ; natural stool at noon ; very suddenly had severe distress 
in the hypogastric region, with great desire for stool ; light-colored 
papescent stool, followed by severe pulling pains in the liver ; draw- 
ing pains in the left forearm and fingers all the afternoon ; dull pains 
in the small of the back ; 9 p. m., dull headache, with frequent eruc- 
tations of sour air ; had sharp, colicky pains in the umbilical and 
hypogastric regions all the evening, every few minutes ; frequent 
sharp pains in the region of the spleen ; dull drawing pains in the 
liver ; dull backache. 

23 — Slept well ; slimy, coppery taste in the mouth ; tongue coated 
yellow ; 7 a m., very suddenly had severe distress in the hypogas- 
trium, with great desire for stool ; papesent light-colored stool, with 
great relief of all the pains. 10 a. m., took 100 drops ; profuse 
papescent stool at noon ; 9 p. m., all the afternoon and evening had 
all the symptoms of yesterday ; the aching distress in the liver was 
much more severe ; extended over the whole dorsal region ; dull, 
drawing pains in the knees and ankles. 

24. — Had hard drawing pains in the knees and ankles ail night, 
which made me very restless ; feeling very tired and languid ; slimy, 
coppery taste ; tongue coated thickly yellow. Took 200 drops at 10 
a. m. 4 p. M. — Half an hour after taking the medicine commenced to 
have dull frontal headache ; dull pains in the eyeballs ; dull, heavy, 
drawing, aching pains in the whole liver and spleen ; severe draw- 
ing pains in the elbows, wrists, fingers, knees, ankles, feet and toes ; 
have continued ever since in a most violent form ; my ankles, feet 
and toes ache and pain me so severely I cannot walk without great 
difficulty ; the pain in the eyeballs is also very severe ; all the pains 
are aggravated by motion ; dull aching pains in the dorsal and lum- 
bar regions. Took one quarter of an ounce ; 9 p. m., all the above 
symptoms hvue continued in a most violent form, with the addition of 



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880 POLYPORUS PINICOLA, T. 

a rery sore throat, with frequent inclination to swallow ; walking pro- 
duces sharp pains, deep in the liver ; fingers are very stiff ; the bot- 
tom of my feet and heels felt as if they had been pounded; cannot 
bear to have my boots on. 

*25. — Had a restless night, my ankles and feet pained me so se- 
verely ; my feet are feeling as if they had been pounded ; tongue 
coated yellow ; bitter taste ; deep frontal headache ; dull pains in the 
right hypoohondrium ; soft papescent, very light colored stool ; back 
is very stiff. 9 p. m. — Ail day have had drawing pains in the wrists, 
knees, ankles and feet, with deep, dull, aching pains in the tibial 
bones ; hands hot and dry ; burning, aching pains in the liver. 

Dec. 1. — Those rheumatic symptoms have all contiuued since the 
25th ; the last three days it has rained most of the time ; the damp- 
ness of the air has aggravated the symptoms most wonderfully, es- 
pecially nights; the pains in the shin-bones are very hard to endure; 
Dowels have been very costive ; stools of a dark color, and in hard 
dry lumps. The stools are so hard that it has brought on a slight at- 
tack of piles, which pain me all the time, with slight prolapsis ani ; flat 
bitter taste ; tongue coated yellow ; rheumatic pains in the bowels ; 
spells of great depression of spirits. The rheumatic symptoms lasted 
eight weeks. 

Fever. — 1. Very light hollow feeling of the head, with severe 'dull 
headache. 

2. Great prostration of strength. 

3. Great restlessness at night. 

4. Disposition to yawn and stretch. 

5. Hands hot and dry. 

CLINICAL REMARKS. 

I have not used the Polyporus pinicola from the tamarack enough 
to know how reliable it is as an anti-miasmatic, but think it is not 
equal to the Polyporus off. or Polyporus pinioola, I will give a few 
oases, and leave it in the hands of the profession, hoping it will 
receive a careful investigation, for it certainly merits it. 

Case 1. — Intermittent fever; type, quotidiana duplex. Little 
Nellie, set 5. For the last seventeen days she has had the ague ; has 
a chill every morning and evening ; chills last about one hour at a 
time, followed by high fever. The fever does not leave her before 
she has another chill ; does not perspire any ; wants to drink all the 
time ; at first she vomited a good deal, but does not now ; perfect loss 
of appetite ; bowels costive ; very weak ; cannot sit up any ; does not 
complain of anything ; when spoken to says her head hurts ; very 
irritable. These symptoms were related to me by her sister, the 
child being fourteen miles from me in the country. Treatment : 
Polyporus pinicola T., two drops every two hours. The fever was 
cured in three days after commencing the remedy. The first day the 
fever came on as usual ; the second day had but one chill, and the 
third day no chill or fever. No known remedy could have cured 
this case sooner. 

Case 2. Intermittent fever, quotidian type ; Mrs. B , set 56 ; tem- 
perament nervous ; consumption for the last ten years. Three weeks 



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P0LYP0BU8 PIXIOOLA, T. 881 

since had an abscess in her left ear, which made her quite sick ; since 
then has had a fever every afternoon and night ; feels chilly when- 
ever she moves ; walking produces nausea ; does not perspire any ; 
tongue coated white ; loss of appetite ; bowels loose ; restless at 
night ; is very weak. Treatment : Polyporus pinicola, T., tincture, 
two drops every two hours. Had the fever but one day after com* 
mencing the remedy. 

Case 3. — Mr. M., auotidian intermittent fever. Dec. 26.— Came 
to my office and complained of the following symptoms : For the last 
two weeks has had a great d«al of pain in his back and legs, with a 
constant headache. For the last four days at 10 a. m. commences to 
yawn and stretch, and feels chilly for two hours, followed by fever all 
day, and profuse perspiration at night. Has a constant headache 
night and day, but worse in the afternoons ; great pain in the knee- 
joints ; tongue coated white ; canine hunger ; bowels regular ; tem- 
perament bilious. Treatment: Polyporus pinicola T., three drops 
of the first dilution every two hours. This one prescription cured 
him in three days. 

I gave it in two more cases of quotidian intermittent, where all 
the stages were well marked, and it failed, and then I gave the poly- 
porus off. and cured one of them ; the other I had to resort to Qui- 
nine. 

From the symptoms it produced in my system it ought to prove a 
valuable remedy in rheumatic fever, and in those cases of intermit- 
tent fever where great pains in the bones are the most marked symp- 
tom. It will be found the true homoeopathic remedy. 

Case!. — Inflammatory rheumatism. John H , »t7; bilious tem- 
perament. April 29, was called to see him, and found the following 
symptoms : About daylight this morning commenced complaining of 
a pain in his right knee and elbow. The pain has been increasing 
all day ; now, 12 m ., has high fever ; pulse 126, soft and full ; his knee 
is much swollen, but his elbow is not swollen ; cannot bear to have 
his knee touched ; cries all the time ; the knee is quite red ; tongue 
coated white; poor appetite ; bowels regular. Treatment : Polyporus 
pinicola T., 2d dec, five drops every two hours. April 30, 8 a. m., 
pulse 100. The pain in the right knee and elbow is all gone, but has 
hard pains in his left knee. The right knee is much swollen and 
only pains when moved ; the elbow can be moved without pain. Con- 
tinued same treatment. May 1, 6 p. m. — Called and found my 
{►atient up and out doors playing ; his knee was still swollen and a 
ittle stiff, but had no pain. Gave no more medicine, and the boy had 
no more of the rheumatism. Other remedies might have cured this 
patient just as soon, but not more satisfactorily. 

Case 2. — Mrs. B., set 46 ; bilious temperament ; has had consump- 
tion for years. April 26. — Eight days since commenced to have pains 
in the shoulders and ankle joints. The ankles are much swollen ; her 
legs are covered with black petechial spots about the size of split 
peas ; the pain in the ankles is of a dull, heavy, aching character ; in 
the shoulder the pain is very sharp ; the pain is much worse in the 
afternoon and evening ; poor appetite ; bowels regular. Treatment : 



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$82 POLYKMRUS PIKICOLA, T. 

Polyporus pinicola T., five drops of the 1st dec. every two hours. 
Hade a perfect care of her in three days. These are the only cases 
of rheumatism I have given it in, and it certainly acted well. No 
remedy could have given better satisfaction. 

Mind. — 6. Great depression of spirits for a number of days. 

7. Very gloomy and desponding. 

Head. — 8. Frequent cutting pains in the temples. 
9. Severe neuralgic pains m the temples. 

10. Light feeling of the head, with severe, dull, frontal headache, 
aggravated by walking. 

11. Severe dull frontal headache for a number of days, aggravated 
by reading or walking. 

12. Face hot and flushed. 

Eyes. — 13. Dull pain in the eyeballs. 
14. Severe pains in the eyeballs. 
Mouth. — 15. Bitter taste in the mouth. 

16. Slimy, coppery taste. 

17. Sweet taste. 

18. Tongue coated white. 

19. Tongue coated thickly yellow. 

20. Sore throat, with frequent inclination to swallow. ' 
Gastric Symptoms. — 21. Sour eructations, with dull headache. 
Stomach. — 22. Burning distress in the stomach, with dragging 

pains in the right hypoohondrium. 

23. Sharp, cutting pains in the stomach. 

Liver. — 24. Frequent dragging pains in the right hypochondrium. 

25. Dragging sensation in the right liver, with burning distress in 
the stomach. 

26. Severe pulling pains in the liver after stool. 

27. The aching distress in the liver was very severe, and extended 
over the whole dorsal region. 

28. Walking produoes severe pains, deep in the liver. 

29. Burning, aching pains in the liver. 

Spleen. — 30. All the forenoon had frequent drawing pains in the 
region of the spleen. 

31. Sharp cutting pains in the region of the spleen. 

32. Hard drawing pains hi the region of the spleen and epigastri- 
um, left side. 

Abdomen. — 33. Constant distress in the umbilicus, with frequent 
dragging pains in the same region. 

34. Several times had a feeling as if the small intestines were 
being tied into knots. 

35. Frequent cutting pains in the bowels, followed by a natural 
•tool. 

36. Sudden distress in the hypogastric region, with great desire 
for stool, light colored papescent stool, followed by dragging pains in 
the liver. 

87. All the evening, every few minntes, had sharp colicky pains 
in the umbilical and hypogastric regions. 

Stool.— 38. Constipation, the stools are hard and lumpy. 



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POLTPOKUS PINICOLA, T. S8S 

39. Stool, first part dry and lumpy, the last part papesoent and 
mixed with bile and mucous, followed by dragging pains in the liver. 

40. Constipation for three days. 

41. Sudden desire for stool, with great distress in the hypogastriam, 
deep yellow papesoent stool. 

42. Copious papesoent stool. 

43. Slight attack of piles. 

Back. — 44. Dull aching pains in the back and hips, with constant 
pain in the wrists. 

45. Dull pains in the lumbar region. 

46. Great aching distress over the whole dorsal region. 

47. Stiffness of the back. 

Arms. — 48 Drawing pains in the wrists. 

49. Aching distress in my wrists night and day. 

50. Constant drawing pains in my forearms and fingers. 

51. Severe drawing pains in my elbows, wrists and fingers. * 

52. Great stiffness of the fingers 

53. Palms of the hands hot and dry. 

Legs. — 54. Great coldnesss of my legs and feet, with disposition 
to yawn and stretch. 

55. Deep, dull, very severe drawing 'pains in my shin bones, all 
night, that prevented me from sleeping for two weeks. 

56. Severe drawing pains in my knees, ankles, feet and toes. 

57. My ankles and feet pain me so severely T cannot walk without 
tho greatest agony. 

58. The bottoms of my feet felt as if they had been pounded, and 
were so sore I could not bear my boots on. 

59. For eight weeks, whenever it would rain, my feet would pain 
me severely. 

Chest. — 60. Burning distress in the prsecordeal region. 
61. Full inspiration produce sharp pains in the region of the heart. 
These are rheumatic symptoms. 

PHYTOLACCA IN ASTHMA. 

Dr. Hunt (in College Journal of Medical Sciences) says he 
has used Phytolacca in the treatment of Asthma with such 
uniform success as to induce him to regard it as almost a spe- 
cific in that dreadful malady. In the provings found in u New 
Remedies," are many characteristic symptoms pointing to 
Asthma. ^ H. 

BBOMIDE OF POTASSIUM IK ACNE. 



Prof. H, R. Storer, says the Bromide invariably causes an 
u acnoid eruption, which passes away voluntarily as soon as 
the medicine is suspended/ 1 It ought to cure achne— in small 
doses. H. 



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®litwal ftorfratimr*. 



[Pot the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
THE CHOLERA IK BERLIN. 



by ml some*, (hibichkl'8 klimix.) Translated by S. Idlienthal, M. D. 



I treated from the middle of June to the end of August, 
1866, about 100 cases whose origin I could ascribe to the chol- 
era poison, and most of the cases would have gone on to the 
stage of full cholera, if neglected or wrongly treated. 

Ipecacuanha 2d, decimal dilution, a dose from one to three 
hours, cured a feeling of fulness in the pit of the stomach, loss 
of appetite, bad taste, nausea with more or less coated tongue, 
with gurgling in the bowels and the sensation, as if a thin stool 
would come on every minute. 

Rhus toxicodendron 1 or 2, is frequently specific in summer 
diarrhoea. The patients complain that they have to go to stool 
every minute, less at night while lying quiet : the stools are at 
first thin, mushy, then watery, brown, but getting lighter by 
degrees, more or less painful, appetite very little altered ; the 
thirst, moderate in the beginning, increases with the frequency 
of the stools. 

Acidum phosphoricum £d, 5 drops every one or two hours. B, 
a weakly, thin man of mild temperament, suffered since July 
3d with increasing painless diarrhoea, with much rolling and 
gurgling in abdomen. Tongue coated, no appetite, great thirst, 
pulse is soft, and skin perspires quickly in bed. Great malaise 
and mental depression. P. a. 6 No. 2, cured the case in less 
than three days. 

The indication for P. a. 6 we get from the painlessness of 
the stools, the conspicuous gurgling in abdomen, as if the bow- 
els could not withstand by any contractions the motions of the 
fluid, the easy perspiration, the softness of the pulse and the 
great depression of the mind. 

Ferrum muriaticum. Mrs. B., a tender, slender, shy blonde, 
lost on the first of July her only child by an attack of cholera. 
On the second she was taken down with a painless diarrhoea, 



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THE CHOLERA IK BERLIN. $85 

and the watery passages lost their color more and more. P. a. 
5 , given up to the 5th, only reduced the number of the stools. 
Menstruation appeared now profusely and threatened to ex- 
haust the patient. Liquor ferri sesqui-chlorid, 2d dilution, 5 
drops every one or two hours stopped the diarrhoea and the mon- 
orrhagia. 

W., a thin man in poor circumstances, suffered from greenish, 
painless, watery diarrhoea, increased after any kind of food. He 
has good appetite, little thirst, and except some debility feels 
well enough in bed. For several days he received Veratrum, 
P. a. 5 , Arsenicum without any benefit. The muriate of iron 
cured him then quickly. 

Veratrurh album. A robust watchman, 60 years old, living 
in a basement, where already fifteen cases of cholera had died. 
At 9 p. m.. I found him suffering with severe vomiting and 
purging of watery masses with precordial anxiety, pulse and 
temperature not materially altered. Verat. alb. x 5 drops every 
five to fifteen minutes. Towards morning vomiting and purg- 
ing were nearly stopped, but the bowels rolled yet considerably, 
the skin transpired profusely, pulse soft and full This last 
symptom is probably caused by weakness or paresis of the 
nerves going to blood vessels or muscles, and is well met by P. 
a. 6 , which sufficed for a perfect cure. 

A severe attack of vomiting and painful purging of watery 
stools was removed in a few hours by Verat. alb. 2 5 gtt. every 
J hour. 

Veratum alb. 2 , 5 gtt. every \ hour cured also a severe case 
of vomiting of watery masses without diarrhoea. 

A poor woman, 46 years old, living in a cellar, was attacked 
with cholera asphyxia. She had already the vox cholerica, se- 
vere muscular spasms in the extremities, skin cold with the 
fold remaining, filiform pulse, painful diarrhoea and vomiting 
of watery masses. Verat. 2 every J hour. In 24 hours great 
improvement, the pulse better and had twice ^urinated. Com- 
plained mostly about restlessness with abdominal and lumbar 
pains. Ars. 4 , 5 gtt. every £ hour. Impioved steadily now 
and the remaining vertigo was quickly removed by Phosphor 8 
every two hours. 

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THE CHOPRA IN BERLIN. 

Arsenicum. A delicate woman, who had lost her child from 
cholera and hydrocephalus was attacked with diarrhoea on 
the 13th of July, increasing in severity in spite of Ipecac, P. 
a. 6 , Ver. alb. and Gratiola. On the 18th of July the stools 
were greenish, watery, little painful, great thirst with scanty uri- 
nation and anxious feelings in prsecordia, the tongue from the 
beginning moderately coated, appetite entirely gone. Arsenic. 
4 , 5 drops every two hours up to the 20th brought improve- 
ment, when I changed to China f. * in the same dose, to aid 
nature in removing the remaining great debility. 

Mrs. S., about 30 years old, confined five days ago, took 
sick on the 21st of July in consequence of errors in her diet 
being attacked by a rice water diarrhoea, with severe pains 
in bowels, muscular cramps in extremities and loius, great 
thirst, nausea without vomiting, anxiety and shivering. Ars, 
8 , 5 drops every J hour removed all danger in 24 hours, 
and a relapse, caused by cold beer was removed by the same 
remedy. 

My own daughter, four years old, always disposed to diar- 
rhoea, got febris catarrhalis in August, 1866, when two per- 
sons lay sick with cholera in our house. The bronchial ca- 
tarrh was combined with a diarrhoea, the stools getting 
daily of a lighter color, consisting only of mucus and in- 
testinal shreds with single streaks of blood. She complained 
of very little pain. Great thirst, but no appetite. Aconite 
and then Bryonia removed the bronchial affection, but it needed 
Arsenic * for the cure of the abdominal symptoms. 

GELSEMINTJM IN GONORRHOEA. 



Dr. O'Brien, of South Shields, reports to British Journal of 
Homoeopathy, that " This disease is treated with Gels. 1st dec, 
drop doses every two hours, and out of thirty cases I cannot 
report one unsuccessful ; the disease, in the majority of these 
cases, being cured in about ten days at the furthest. 

In spermatorrhoea I can report two cases successfully treated 
by Gels. 2 dec, but where the condition was complicated with 
diuresis, I found a dose of Sulphur 3 at bedtime a useful auxil- 
iary." 



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[For the American Homoeopathic* Obterrer.] 
MONOGRAPH OK FEVERS. 



*T TKMFL1 8. HOTMB, A. M., M. »., OHXCAOO. 



Tt is my intention in this monograph to give all the symptoms of a 
fever under its proper heading, but as many fevers have a few symp- 
toms in common, I have arranged these under the head of " symp- 
toms common to all fevers* 9 in order to save useless repetition. 



MEDICINES MENTIONED AND THEIR ABBREVIATIONS. 



Aconite, Aeon. 

Ammoniaoum, A mm. 

Ammonium muriaticum, Amm mur 
Angustura, Ang 

Antimonium crudum, Ant c. 

Antimonium tartaricum, Ant t. 
Apis mellifioa, Apis. 

Apoeynum androsemifolium,Apoo a 



Arnica montana, Arn. 

Arum triphyllum, Arum. 

Baptisia tinctoria, Bapt, 

Baryta carbonioum, Bar. 

Belladonna, Bell. 

Bryonia alba, Bry. 

Oalcarea carbonica, Calc. 

Camphora, Oamph 

Cantharis, Canth. 

Oapsioum, Caps 

Oarbo vegetabilis, Carb veg. 

Caustieum, Caust. 

Chamomilla, Cham. 

China officinalis, Chin 

Cicuta virosa, Cic 

Cimicifuga raoemosa, Cimicif. 

Cina, Cina, 

Cocculus, Cooc. 

Coffea cruda, Coff. 

Cornus circinata, Cor cir 

Crocus, Croc 

Cuprum, Cupr. 

Dulcamara, Dulc. 

Eupatorium perforatum, Eup perf. 

Euphorbium officinarum, Euphorb. 
Oelseminum semper virens, Gels. 
Hepar sulphuris calcarea, Hep. 

Hyosciamus, Hyos. 

Hydrastis canadensis, Hyd. 

lodium, Iod. 



Ignatia, 

Ipecacuanha, 

Iris versicolor, 

Leptandra virginioa, 

Lachesis, 

Lycopodium, 

Mercurius, 

Moschus, 

Muriatic acid, 

Natrum muriaticum, 

Nitric acid, 

Nux mosohata, 

Nux vomica, 

Opium, 

Phosphorus, 

Phosphoric acid, 

Platina, 

Podophyllum peltatum, 

Pulsatilla, 

Rhus toxicodendron, 

Sabadilla, 



x 

Iris. 

Lept. 

Lach, 

Lye. 

Merc. 

Mosch. 

Mur ao. 

Natr mur. 

Nit ao. 

Nux mosch. 

Nux vom. 

Op. 

Phos. 

Phac. 

Plat. 

Podo. 

Puis. 

Rhus. 

Sabad. 



Sanguinaria canadensis, Sang can. 

Sambucus, Samb. 

Secale cornutum, Sec cor. 

Sepia, Sep. 

Silicia, Sil. 

Spigelia, Spig. 

Stannum, Stan. 

Stramonium, Stram. 

Sulphur, Sulph. 

Sulphurio acid, Sulph ao. 

Thuja, Thuj. 

Veratrum album, Verat a, 

Veratrum viride, Verat v. 

Xanthoxylum fraxineum, Xan', 

Zincum metallicum, Zinc. 

Zisia aurea, Zis. 



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£88 MONOGBAPH ON FEVEB8. 

SECTION 1. 

SYMPTOMS COMMON TO ALL FEVERS. 

[The most important remedies are in italics.] 

MENTAL 8TMPTOMS. 

Anxiety. — Aeon, amm, amm mur, ant o, ant t, apis, am, airs % bar % 
beH y bry % cole, canth, carb veg, caust, cham, chin, oic, cocc, coff, oupr, 
gelsem, hep, hyos, tgn, laoh, lye, mere, mar ac, nit ac, nux vom, op 
phos, ph ao, plat, puis, rhus, sabad, samb, sang can, sep, sil spig, stan, 
stram, sulph, thuj, verat a, xan. 

Gayety — Ang, ant t, apis, fe#, caps, oio, cimieif, coff, croc, gelsem 
hyos, ign, iod, lach, lye, natr mur, nux mosoh, op, phos, ph ao, plat, 
sabad, spig, stram, verat a, zino, sis. 

Hopelessness — Aoon, amm mur, apis, am, ars, bar, bell, bry, ealo, 
camph, canth, earb veg, caust, cham, chin, coff, hep, ign, iod, lye, 
mere, nit ao, nux vom, phos, ph ao, pod, puis, rhus, sep, sil, spig, 
stram, sulph, sulph ao, thuj, ziz. 

Indifference — Amm mur, apis, am, ars, bell, oale, caust, cham, 
chin, oio, ooo, cor eir, ign, ip, lyo, mero, mur ao, natr mur, nit ao, nux 
vom, op, phos,ph ac, plat, puis, sep, sil, stram, sulph, zinc, ziz. 

Irritability — Aeon, amm mur, ang, ant o, apis, am, ars, arum, bar, 
bell, bry, oalc, oamph, canth, carb veg, caust, cham, chin, cooc, coff, 
oor oir, oroo, oupr, dulo, gelsem, hep. hyos, ign; iod, ip, iris, laoh, lept, 
lyo, mero, natr mur, nit ac, nux vom, op, phos, ph ac, puis, sang can, 
sep, stan, stram, sulph, sulph ao, verat a, xan, ziz, zino. 

Comprehension Difficult — Amm, ant o,ars, bar, bapt, bell, bry, oalc, 
camph, caps, carb veg; caust, oham, chin, coco, coff, cor cir, caps, dulo, 
gelsem, hep, hyos, ign, iris, lept, lye, mero, mosch, mur ao, natr mur, 
nit ao, nux mosch, nux vom, op, phos, ph ac, plat, puis, rhus, sabad, 
see oor, sep, sil, spig, stan, stram, sulph, thuj, verat a, zinc. 

Delirium — Aeon, amm, ant o, apis, am, ars, arum, bapt, bell, bry, 
oalc, camph, canth, cham, ohin, oic, cimicif, cina, oroc, oupr, dulo, 
gelsem, hyos, ign, iod, laoh, lyo, mere, nux mosoh, nux vom, op, phos, 
ph ao, plat, podo, puis, rhus, sabad, samb, sang can, see cor, stram, 
sulph, sulph ac verat a, verat v, ziz. 

Imbecility — Ant o, ars, bapt, bar, bell, calc, caps, oham, cooc, dulo, 
gelsem, hjd, hyos, ign, iris, lach, lye, mere, mosch, mur ao natr- 
mur, nux mosoh, nux vom, op, ph ox, puis, rhus, sabad, seo cor, sep, 
sil, stan, stram, sulph ao, verat a. 

Insensibility— Aeon, amm, ant t, am, ars, bar, bell, bry, oalo, oamph, 



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MONOGRAPH ON FEVERS. £89 

canth, chain, chin, cio, cocc, cupr, hyos, ip, lach, lye, mere, mosch, 
mar ac, natr mar, nit ac, dux mosch, nux vom, op. phos, ph ac, plat, 
puis, rhus, sec cor, sep, sil, spig, stan, stram, sulph, verat a, xan. 

Dizziness — Aeon, amm, amm mur, ang, ant c, ant t, apis, am, ars, 
arum, bapt, bar, bell, bry, calc, camph, cantb, caps, carb veg, canst, 
oham. chin, cic, cimicif, coff, croc, cupr, dulc, eup perf, euphorb, 
gelsem, hep, hyos, ign, ip, iod, laeh, lept, lye, mere, mosch, mur ac, 
natr mur, nit ac, nux mosch, nux vom, op, phos, phac, plat, podo, 
puis, rhus, sabad, samb, sang can, sec cor, sep, sil, spig, stan, stram, 
sulph, sulph ac, thuj, verat a, verat v, xan, zinc, ziz. 

HEAD. 

Headache in General — Aeon, amm, amm mur, ang, ant c, ant t, 
apis, apoc a, am, ars, arum, bapt, bar, bell, bry, calc, camph, cauth, 
caps, carb veg, caust,' cham, chin, cic, cimicif, cina, cocc, coff, cor cir, 
croc, cupt, dulc, eup perf, euphorb, gelsem, hep, hyos, ign, iod, ip, 
iris, lach, lept, lye. mere, mosch, mur ac, natr mur, nit ac, nux mosch 
nux vom, op, phos, ph ac, plat, podo, puis, rhus, sabad, samb, sang 
can, sec cor, sep, sil, spig, stan, stram, sulph, sulph ac, thuj, verat a, 
verat v, xan, zinc, ziz. 

In the Forehead -Aeon, amm, amm mur, ang, ant c, ant t, ars, 
arum, ars, bar, bell, bry, calc, camph, canth, caps, carb veg, bapt, 
oaust, cham, chin, cic, cimicif, cina, coce, coff, croc, cupr, dulc, eup 
perf, euphorb, gelsem, hep, hyos, hyd, ign, iod, ip, iris, lach, lept, 
lye, mere, mosch, mur ac, natr mur, nit ac, nux mosch, nux vom, op, 
phos, ph ac, plat, podo, puis, rhus, sabad, samb, sang can, sec cor, 
sep, sil, spig, stan, stram, sulph, sulph ac, thuj, verat a, verat v, 
zinc. 

In the Temples — Aeon, amm, amm mur, ang, ant c, ant t, apis, am, 
ars, arum, bapt, bar, bell, bry, calc, camph, canth, caps, carb veg, 
caust, cham, chin, cimicif, cina, cocc, coff, croc, cupr, dulc. eup perf, 
euphorb, gelsem, hep, hyos, hyd, ign, iod, ip, iris, lach, lept, lyo, 
mere, mosch, mur ac, natr mua, nit ac, nux mosch, nux vom, phos, ph 
ac, plat, podo, puis, rhus, sabad, samb, sang can, sep, sil, spig, stan, 
stram, sulph, sulph ac, thuj, verat a, verat v, zine, ziz. 

In the Sides of the Head — Aeon, amm, amm mur, ang. ant t, apoo 
a, am, ars, arum, bapt, bar, bell, bry, calc, camph, canth, caps, carb 
veg, caust, cham, chin, cic, cimicif, cina, cocc, coff, croc, cupr, dulce, 
eup perf, euphorb, gelsem, hep, hyos, ign, iod, iris, lach, lye, mere, 
mosch, mur ac, natr mur, nit, ac, nux mosch, nux vom, phos, ph ac, 
plat, puis, rhus, sabad, sang can, sep, sil, sulph, sulph ac, thuj, verat 
a, zinc, ziz. 

In the Crown — Aeon, amm, amm mur, ant c, ant t, am, ars, bar, 
21 



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MONOGBAPH ON FEVERS, 
bell, bry, calc, canth, caps, carb veg, canst, chin, cimioif, cina, 
coco, croo, cupr, dale, eup perf, glsem, hep, hyos, ign, iod, ip, lach, 
lye, mere, mosch, mar ao, natr mur, nit ao, nux mosch, nux vom, 
phos, ph ao, plat, podo, pals, rhus, sabad, samb, sep, ail, spig, 
stan, strain, salph, sulph ao, thuj, vet at a, zino. 

In the Back of the Head — Aeon, amm, amm mar, ang, ant t, 
apoo a. am, ars, arum, bapt, bar. bell. bry. oalo cam ph. canth. 
caps, carb veg. caast. chin. cio. oimicif. cina. coff. croc. cupr. dale 
eup perf. gehem. hep. hyd. ign. iod. ip. iris. lyo. mere, mosch. 
mar ao. natr mur. nit ao. nux mosoh. nux vom. op. phos. ph ao. 
plat. pals. rhus. sabad. samb. sec cor. sep. sil. spig. stan. sulph. 
sulph ao. thuj. verat a. zinc. 



Photophobia — Aeon. amm. amm mur. ant o. apis. am. ars. bar. 
bell. bry. calc. camph. caust. cham. chin. cio. cina. coff. oroc. cupr. 
oup perf. gelsem. hep hyos. ign. lye. mere, mur ao. natr mur. nit 
ac. nux mosch. nux vom. phos. ph ao. puis. rhus. sep. sil. spig. 
strain, sulph. sulph ac. ziz. 

Pupils Dilated — Aeon. ang. arn. ars. bell. calc. camph. canth. 
caps, oaust. chin. cic. cina. * croc. cupr. dulc. euphorb. gelsem, hep. 
hyos. ign. ip. lye. mere, mosch. mur ac. nit ao. nux vom. op. phos. 
ph ao. puis. rhus. samb. sang can. sec cor. spig. stan. stram. thuj. 
verat a. verat v. zino, 

EARS. 

Hardness of Hearing — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-o arn ars 
bapt bar bell bry calc canth caps carb-veg caust cham chin cio 
coff cooo oroo dulc euphorb hep hyos ign iod ip lach lye mere 
mosch mur-ac natr-mur nit-ac nux-vom op phos ph-ac plat puis 
rhus sabad sec-cor sop sil spig stan stram sulph sulph-ac thuj 
verat- a zino. 

NOSE. 

Epistaxis — Aeon amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t arn apis arum bar 
bell bry calc oupr dulc hep hyd hyos ign iod ip lach lyo mere 
mosch mur-ac natr-mur nit-ac nux-mosoh nux-vom op phos ph-ao 
plat puis rhus sabad samb sec-oor sep sil stan stram sulph sulph* 
ac thuj verat-a zino. 

FACE. 

Face Pale — Aeon amm amm-mur ant-t apis arn ars bell bry oalo 
oamph oanth caps carb-veg caust cham chin cio cina coff oroo 
oupr dulo eup-perf euphorb gelsem hep hyos ign iod ip lach lyo 
mere mosoh natr-mur nit-ac nux-mosoh nux vom op phos ph ac 



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MONOGRAPH ON FEVEfiS. 891 

plat podo pals rhus samb sang-can seo-cor sep sil spig stanstram 
sulph sulph-ac verat-a verat-v zinc ziz. 

Face Red — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t apis am ars 
bapt bar bell bry calo camph oanth caps oarb-veg caust cham chin 
cio cimicif cina cocc coff croc oupr dale eup-perf eapborb gelsem 
hep hyos ign iod ip lach lye mere mosch mur-ac natr-mur nux- 
mosch nux-vom op pbos ph-ao plat pals rhus sabad samb sang-can 
seo-cor sep sil spig stan stram sulph sulph-ac thuj verat-a zinc 
ziz. 

Face Sallow — Ars bry canth chin cio croc eup-perf gelsem hyos 
ign ip lye mere mosch natr-mur nit-ac nux-vom op phos podo samb 
seo-cor sep sil zinc. 

Face Yellow— 'Aeon ant-c am ars bell bry calc canth carb-veg 
caust cham chin cina cocc croc dulo euphorb gelsem hep hyd ign 
iod lach lye mere natr-mur nit-ac nux-vom op phos ph-ac poao puis 
rhus sabad sec-cor sep sil spig stan sulph sulph-ac verat-a. 

Fuffiness of the Face — Aeon amm amm-mur apis am ars arum 
bar bell bry calc canth caps carb-veg caust cham chin cic cina 
ooce cupr dulc euphorb hep hyos iod ip lach lye mere mosch 
natr-mur nit-ac nux-mosch nux-vom op phos ph-ae puis rhus samb 
sec-cor sep sil spig stan stram sulph sulph-ac verat-a ziz. 

MOUTH. 

Tongue Coated — Aeon amm ang ant-c ant-t apis am ars bapt 
bar bell bry calc canth carb-veg caust cham chin cina coeo cor-cir 
oroe oupr eup-perf euphorb gelsem hyd ign iod ip iris lach lept 
lye mere mur-ao natr-mur nit-ac nux-mosch nux-vom phos ph-ae 
podo puis rhus sabad sang-can sec-cor sep sil spig stan sulph thuj 
verat-v xan zinc ziz. 

Offensive Breath — Aeon amm ang ant-e ant-t am ars bar bell bry 
calc camph canth caps carb-veg cham chin cimicif coec coff oroe cupr 
dulc eup-perf gelsem hep hyd hyos ign iod ip lach lye mere natr-mur 
nit-ac nux-mosch nux-vom phos ph-ac podo rhus sep sil spig stan 
stram sulph thuj zinc. 

APPETITE AND THIRST. 

Loss of Appetite — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t apis am ars 
arum bapt bar bell bry calc canth caps earb-veg oaust cham chin cio 
cimicif ooce coff cor cir eroc eupr dulc eup-perf euphorb gelsem hep 
hyos ign iod ip iris lach lye mere mosch mur-ac natr-mur nit-ac nux 
mosch nux-vom op phos ph-ac plat podo puis rhus sabad sang-can sec- 
cor sep sil spig stan stram sulph sulph-ac thuj verat-a zino ziz. 

Thirst — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-e ant-t apis am ars arum 
bapt bar bell bry calc canth caps earb-veg caust cham chin oic cina 



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MONOGRAPH ON FEVERS, 
oooo coff croc cupr dulo eup-perf gelsem hep hyd hyos ign iod ip laoh 
lyo mere mur-ac natr-mur nit-ac nux-vom op phos ph-ac plat podo puis 
rhus sabad samb sep sil spig stan strain sulph sulph-ao tbuj verat-a 
zinc ziz. 

Want of Thirst — Amm amm-mur ang ant-o ant-tapis arn ars onto* 
bell bry calc oamph oanth caps carb-veg oaust chin oina oocc coff dulo 
euphorb eup-perf gelsem hep hyos ign ip lach lyo mere mosch mur-ao 
nit-ac nux-mosch nux-vom op phos ph-ac plat puis rhus sabad samb 
sep spig stram sulph thuj verat-a zinc. 

TASTE. 

Bitter — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-o ant-t arn ars bapt bell bry 
oalo oamph oanth carb-veg caust clmm chin cooo coff cor-cvr croo oupr 
dulo euphorb gelsem hep hyd hyos ign iod ip lye mere mur-ao natr- 
mur nit-ao nux-mosch nux-vom op phos ph-ac puis rhus sabad sang-can 
sector sep sil stan stram sulph sulph-ao thuj verat-a verat-v zino 
ziz. 

Metallic — Calo oocc cupr hep ip mere nux-vom rhus sulph zino. 

Sour — Arn amm-mur ant-t ars bar bell calo oanth caps carb-veg 
oaust oham chin oina oocc croc cupr hep. ign iod ip lyo mere mur-ao 
natr-mur nit-ac nuxvom oippkos ph-ac podo puis rhus sabad sec-cor sep 
sil stan stram sulph sulph-ao thuj verat-a zino. 

Sweet — Aeon amm ars bar bell bry calc canth carb-veg chin coco 
coff oroc oupr hep hyos iod ip lyo mere mer-ao nit-ao nux-vom phos - 
plat puis rhus sabad samb sep stan sulph sulph-ao thuj verat-a zino. 

GASTRIC SYMPTOMS. 

Eructations— Aeon amm amm-mur ang ante ant-tapis arn ars bapt 
bar bell bry calo oamph oanth caps carb-veg caust cham chin cic oina 
eocc % ooti croc cupr dulo euphorb eup-perf hep hyd hyos ign iod ip 
iris lach lyo mere mosch mur-ao natr-mur nit-ao nux-mosch nuxvom 
op phos ph-ac plat podo puis rhus sabad sang-can sec-cor sep sil spig 
stan stram sulph sulph-ac thuj verat-a xan zinc. 

Nausea — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t apis apoo-a arn ars 
bapt bar bell bry calo oamph canth caps carb-veg caust cham chin cio 
oimicif oina oooo coff cor-cir croo cupr dulo euphorb eup per/ gelsem 
hep hyd hyos ign iod ip iris lach lept lyo mere mosoh mur-ao natr- 
mur nit-ac nux-mosoh nuxvom op phos ph-ac j>\&t podo puis rhus 
sabad samb sang-can sec-cor sep sil spig stan stram sulph sulph-ao 
thuj verat-a verat-v zino ziz. 

Vomiting — Aoon amm amm-mur ant-o ant- tapis apoc-a arn ars bapt 
bar bell bry oalo oamph canth caps oarb-veg oaust cham ohin cio 
oimicif oina oooo coff cupr dulo euphorb eup-perf hep hyos ign iod 



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MONOGKAPH ON FEVERS. 898 

ip iris lach lye mere natr-mur nit-ac nux-mosoh nuz-vom op phos ph- 
ac podo puis rhus sabad samb sang-can seo-cor sep sil stan strain 
sulph sulph-ao thuj verat-a verat-v zinc ziz. 

FLATULENCY. 

Flatulency in General — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t apoc-a 
am rrs bapt bar bell bry ealc oamph caoth caps carb-veg caust cham 
chin cic cimioif oina eoce coff cor-eir oroe cupr dulc euphorb gelsem 
hep hyos ign iod ip lach lept lye mere mur-ac natr-mar nit-ac nux- 
mosch nuz-vom op phos, ph-ao plat podo puis rhus sabad samb sang- 
can seo-cor sep sil spig stan strain sulph sulph'ac thuj verat-a zinc. 

Borborgymus — Aoon amm amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t apis arn ars 
arum bapt bar bell bry ealc canth caps carb-veg caust eham chin oic 
cimicif cina coco coff cor cir croc cupr dulc euphorb gelsem hep hyos 
hyd ign iod ip iris lept lye uerc mosch mur-ac natr-mur nit-ao nur- 
mosoh nux-uom phos ph-ac podo^ puis rhus sabad samb ujjodr sep a£T 
spig stan stram sulph sulph-ao thuj verat-a verat-v xan sine. * 

EVACUATION. 

Constipation — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-o ant-t apoc-a arn ars 
bapt bar bell bry ealc camph canth caps carb-veg caust cham chin oic 
oimioif cir-cor cocc coff cor-cir cupr dulc euphorb eup-perf gelsem 
hep hyd hyos ign iod iris lach lye mere mosch natr-mur nit-ac nux- 
mosoh nuz-vom op phos ph-ac plat podo puis rhus sabad sang-can sep 
sil spig 8 tan stram sulph sulph -ac thuj verat-ac zinc. 

Diarrhoea — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t apis apoc-a arn ars 
arum bapt bar bell bry oalo canth caps carb-veg caust cham chin oio 
oimioif cina cocc coff cor-cir croc cupr dulc euphorb eup-perf gelsem 
hep hyd hyos ign iod ip iris lach lept lyo mere mur-ac natr-mur nit-ao 
mix mosoh nux-vom op phos ph-ac plat podo puis rhus sabad sang-can 
oec-oor sep sil spig stan stram sulph sulph-ac thuj verat-a verat-v 
zinc. 

Bloody Stools — Aeon amm amm-mur ant-c ant-t apis arn ars bapt 
bar bell bry ealc canth caps carb-veg caust cham chin croc cupr dulc 
hep hyd hyos ign iod ip iris lach lye mere mur-ac natr-mur nit-ao nux- 
mosoh nuz-vom phos ph-ao plat pods puis rhus sabad sec-cor sep sil 
stan stram sulph sulph-ao thuj verat-a zino. 

Tenderness of the Epigastrium on Pressure — Aeon amm amm-mur 
ang ant-o apis arn ars bapt bar bell bry ealc camph caps carb-veg 
caust ohin cimioif cina cupr dulc gelsem hep hyos ign iod ip lach lye 
mere mosch mur-ao natr-mur nit-ao nux-mosch nux-vom phos ph-ac 
plat puis rhus sabad samb sang-can sep si/ spig stan stram sulph sulph- 
ao thuj verat-a xan zinc ziz. 



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294- MONOGRAPH ON FEVERS. 

URINE. 

Too Copious — Aeon amm-mur ant-c ant-t apis apoc-a arum bapt 
bar bell bry calo canth oarb-veg caust cham chin cic cimicifcm& coco 
coff cupr dulo eup-perf gelsem hep hyd hyos ign iris lach lye mere 
mosch mur-ac natr-mur nit-ac nux-vom phos ph-ao puis rhus sabad 
samb sang-can sec-cor sep spig stan, stram sulph sulph-ac thuj verat-a 
verat-v van zinc. 

Too Scanty — Aeon amm amm-mur ant-c ant-t apis arn ars bapt bar 
bell bry ealc camph canth caps carb-veg caust cham chin cic cocc 
coff cor-cir cupr dulc euphorb eup-perf hep hyos iod ip lach lept lye 
mere natr-mur nit-ao nux-mosh nux-vom op phos ph-ao podo puis rhus 
sabad samb sec-cor sep sil stan stram sulph sulph-ac verat a zinc. 

Retention — Aeon arn ars bell ealc camph canth cups carb-veg 
canst ehin oie oimicif cupr dulo euphorb hep hyos iod ip lach lye 
mere mur-ao nit-ao nux-vom op ph-ac podo puis rhus sec-cor sep sil 
stan stram sulph verat-a zinc. 

Dark — Aeon amm amm-mur ant-o ant-t apis arn ars bapt bar bell 
bry ealc camph canth carb-veg caust ehin coff oor-cir cupr dulo eup* 
perf hep iod ip iris lach lye mere nit-ao nux-mosch nux-vom op phos 
ph-ac plat puis sep sil sulph sulph-ac thuj berat-a. 

Pale— Ang ant-o ant-t apoc-a arn ars arum bell bry ealc eanth carb- 
veg caust cham chin cimicif coco cor-cir dulc eup-perf gelsem hep 
hyos ign iod lach mere mosch mur-ac natr-mur nux-vom op phos ph-ac 
plat puis rhus samb sang-can sec-cor, sep spig stram sulph sulph-ao 
thuj verat-a verat-v xan zinc. 

Bloody — Aeon ant-t arn ealc canth caps chin dulo ip lye mere phos 
ph-ac puis see-cor sep sulph sulph-ac zinc. 

COUGH. 

Cough in General — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t apis arn 
ars arum bapt bell bry ealc camph canth caps carb-veg caust cham 
chin cic cimicif ointi coco coff croc cupr dulc euphorb eup-perf gelsem 
hep hyos ign iod ip iris lach lept lye mere mosch mur-ac natr-mur 
nit-ac nux-mosch nux-vom op phos plat podo puis rhus sabad samb 
sang can sec-cor sep sil spig stan stram sulph sulph-ao thuj verat-a 
zinc ziz. 

SKIN 

Burning Eruption — Amm amm-mur ant-c ant-t apis ars arum bar 
bell bry ealc eanth caps carb-veg caust chin cic cocc coff dulc eup- 
horb hep hyd ig lach lye mere natr-mur nux-vom phos ph-ac plat puis 
rhus s&b&d sep sil spig stan stram sulph thuj verat-a zinc. 

Scarlet Eruption — Aeon amm amm-mur ant-c apis arn ars arum 



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MONOGRAPH ON FEVERS, 
bapt bar bell bry calo camph canth oarb-veg oaust chin oor-cir dulo 
euphorb hep hyos iod ip lach lye mere mur-ao natr-mur nit-ao pboe 
ph-ac pals rhus sabad samb sang-can sep sil stan stram sulph thuj 
sine. 

Itching Eruption — Aeon amm amm-mur ant-c ant-t apis am ars 
arum bar bell bry eale eanth caps oarb-veg caust chain cie eina coeo 
oor-cir cupr dulc gelsem hep hyd ign ip lach lye mere natr-mur nit-ao 
nux-vom phos ph-ac pals rhus sabad sep sil spig stan stram sulph thuj 
verat-a zinc ziz. 

Miliary Eruption — Aeon amm amm-mur ant-c ant-t apis arn ars 
bell bry calc canth carb-veg caust cham chin cupr coff dulo hyos ip 
lach mere natr-mur nux-vom op phos ph-ac puis rhus sec-cor sep sil 
stram sulph verat-a zinc. 

Petechial Eruption— Arn ars bapt bell 6rylaeh nux-vom phos rhus 
sec-cor sil stram sul ph-ac. 

Hyperesthesia — Aeon arn ant-o ant-t arn ars bapt bar bell bay calc 
camph eanth caps carb-veg cham chin oimicif coff gelsem hep ign ip 
laeh lye mere mosoh natr-mur nux-moseh nux-vom phos ph-ac puis 
rhus sang-can sec-cor sep sil spig stan sulph sulph-ao thuj verat-a xan 
zinc ziz. 

SLEEr. 

Sleeplessness — Aeon amm amm-mur ant-c ant-t apoc-a ars bar bell 
bry calc camph canth caps carb-veg oaust cham chin oooc coff cupr 
dale euphorb hep hyos ign iod ip lach mere mosch mur-ae natr-mur 
nit-ao nux mosch nux vom op phos ph-ac plat puis rhus sabad sang- 
can sec-cor sep sil spig stan stram sulph sulph-ac thuj verat-a zino 
ziz. 

Drowsiness — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t arn ars arum bar 
bell bry eale oamph eanth caps carb-veg oaust cham ohin eio oina 
coco coff cor-oir croc cupr dulo euphorb gelsem hep hyos hyd ign ip 
iris lach lyo mrrc mosch mur-ao natr-mur nit-ao nux-moseh nux-vom 
op phos ph-ac plat podo puis rhus sabad seo-eor sep sil stan stram 
sulph sulph-ao thuj verat-a xan zine ziz. 

Coma — Aeon ang ant.o ant-t arn ars bar bell bry calo camph carb- 
veg oaust oham cie coco croc cupr euphorb gelsem hyos ign lach lept 
lye mere mosch nit-ao nuz-mosvh nux-vom op phos ph-ac puis rhus 
sec-cor sep stan stram sulph verat-a zinc. 

Coma Vigil — Aeon ang ant-o bapt bell bry oroc gelsem ign laoh lyo 
natr-mur op phos plat sep sil spig stan stram sulph. 

PUL8E. 

Full — Aeon ant-t apis arn arum bapt bar bell bry oamph canth chin 



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296 MONOGRAPH ON FEVERS. 

cimioif cupr dulc gelsem hep hyos ign iod lach lept mere mosch mur- 
ac natr-mur nux-vom op phos ph-ac samb sep sil spig stram sulph 
verat-a. 

Hard — Aeon ant-t apis am ars arum bar beUbry oamph canth cham 
chin cina cocc cupr dulc hep hyos ign iod lach mere mosch mur-ao 
natr-mur nit-ac nux-vom op phos ph-ac samb sec-cor sep sil spig stram 
sulph verat-a. 

Quickened — Aeon ang ant-c aut-t apis arn arum ars lept bar bell 
bry calc oamph canth carb-veg chan chin cimioif cina cocc croc cupr 
gelsem hep hvd hyos ign iodip iris lach lye mere mosch natr-mur nit- 
ac nux-vom op phos ph-ac puis rhus samb sang-can sec-cor sep sil 
stan stram sulph sul ph-ac verat-a verat-v xan zinc. 

Imperceptible — Aeon ant-t ars bell carb-veg cic cocc cupr dulc 
gelsem hyos iod ip mere nux-vom op phos ph-ac plat podo puis rhus 
sang-can sec-cor sil stan stram sulph sulph-ac verat-a verat-v zinc. 

Intermitting — Aeon ang ars bry canth caps carb-veg cham chin 
cimicifhep hyos lach mur-ac natr-mur nux-vom op ph-ac rhus samb 
sec-cor sep stram sulph thuj verat-a zinc. 

Irregular — Aeon ang ant-c ars bell bry canth caps carb-veg cham 
chin cimicif hep hyos lach mere mur ao natr-mur nux-vom op ph- 
ac rhus samb sang-can sec-cor sep sil spig stram sulph thuj verat- 
a verat-v zinc. 

Slow— Ant-c arn ars bapt bell camph canth chin cic cimioif cupr 
dulc gelsem hep hyd hyos ign lept mere mosch mur-ac op phos 
podo puis rhus samb sang-can sec-cor sil spig stram thuj verat-a 
verat-v. 

Small — Aeon ant-c ant-t apis arn ars bapt bar bell bry camph canth 
carb-veg cham chin cic cina coc cupr dulc hyos ign iod ip lach 
mere natr-mur nux-vom op phos ph-ac plat puis rhus sabad samb 
sec-cor sil spig stan stram sulph sulph-ac thuj verat-a zinc. 

Soft — Aeon ant-c ant-t arn ars bapt bar bell camph canth carb- 
veg cham chin cic crocc cupr dulc gelsem hep hyos iod ip lach 
mere mur-ac natr mur nux-vom op phos ph-ac plat puis rhus sec-cor 
sil spig stram sulph-ac thuj verat-a verat-v. 

Trembling— Ang ant-t ars bell calc camph cic cina cocc gelsem iod 
lach natr«mur nux-mosch phos rhus sep spig stram. 

Pulse Slower than the Beating of the Heart — Dulc sec-cor verat-a. 

Putse Quicker than the Beating of the Heart — Aeon arn rhus 
spig. 

COLD. 

Chilliness — Aeon amm amm-mur ant-c "ant-t apis apoo-a arn ars 



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MONOGRAPH ON FEVERS. 297 

bapt bar bell bry calo camph canth caps carb-veg caust cham chin cio 
cimicif cina cocc coff cor-cir croo cupr dulc euphorb eup-perf geUem 
hep hyd hyos ign ip iris lept lyo mere moscb mur-ac natr-mur nit-ao 
nux niosch nuz-vom op phos ph-ac plat podo puis rhus sabad samb 
sang-can sep sil spig stan strain sulph thuj verat-a verat-v xan zinc 
ziz. 

HEAT. 

Heat in general — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t apis apoc-a 
am ars arum bapt bar bell bry cale camph canth caps carb-veg canst 
cham chin cic cimicif cina cocc coff cor cir croc cupr dnlo euphorb 
eup-perf gelsem hep hyd hyos ign iod ip iris lach lept lye mere mosch 
mur-ac natr-mur nit-ac nux-mosch nuz-vom op phos ph-ac plat podo 
4 puis rhus sabad samb sang- can sec-cor sep sil spig stan stram sulph 
sul ph-ac thuj verat-a verat-v xan zinc ziz. 

PERSPIRATION. 

Perspiration in General — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t apis 
apoc-a bapt bar bell bry calc camph canth caps carb-veg caust chum 
chin cic cimicif cina cocc coff cor-cir croc cupr dulc euphorb eup-perf 
gelsem hep hyos ign iod ip irrs lach lyo mere mosch mur-ac natr-mur 
nit-ac nux-vom op phos ph-ac plat podo puis rhus sabad samb sec-cor 
sep 8\\ spig stan stram sulph sulph ac thuj verat-a verat-v xan zino 
ziz. 

Perspiration on the fore part of the Body —Am bell calc canth coco 
mere rhus sabad sec-cor sep. 

Perspiration on the back of the Body — Aeon chin coff ip nux-vom 
puis sep sil stan stram sulph. 

Perspiration on the upper part of the Body — Ant-t eamph caps 
carb-veg cham chin cic cina dulc ign mosch nux-vom op plat samb sec- 
cor sep spig stan stram sulph-ac verat-a, 

Perspiration on the lower part of the Body — Amm amm-mur iod 
zinc. 

Perspiring Easily —Ant-t ars bell bry calc canth carb-veg canst 
ehin coec dulc gelsem hep ign iod ip lach lye mere natr-mur nit-ao 
nux-vom op phos ph-ac puis rhus sabad sep sil spig stan stram sulph 
sulph-ac verat-a zinc. 

Want of Perspiration — (Dryness of the Skin) — Aeon amm ant-t 
ant-t apis am ars bapt bar bell bry calc camph canth carb-veg caust 
cham chin coco coff dulc gelsem hep hyd hyos ign iod ip iris lach lept 
lye mere mur-ac natr-mur nit-ac nux-mosch nux-vom op phos ph-ao 
plat podo puis rhus sabad samb sang-can sec-cor sep sil spig stram 
sulph sulph-ac verat-a xan. 



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MONOGRAPH ON FEVEKS. 
MISCELLANEOUS. 

Convulsions — Aeon ang ant-t am ars arum bar bell bry calo camph 
caDth caust cham cic cimicif cina cocc coff croc cupr dale gelsem hyo t 
ign iod ip lacb lye more raoscb nux-mosch nux-vom op phos pb-ao 
plat podo rhus sabad samb sec cor spig stan stram suipb verat-a verat- 
v zinc ziz. 

Weakness — (Debility) — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t apoc-a 
am ars bapt bar bell bry calc camph cantb caps carb-veg caust obam 
chin cic cimicif cina cocc coff cor-cir croc cupr dulc eupborb eup-perf 
gelsem bep byd hyos ign iod ip iris lacb lept lye mere mosch mur-ac 
natr-mur nit-ao nux-moscb nux-vom op pbos pb-ac plat puis rhus 
sabad samb sang-can sec-cor sep sil spig stan stram sulpb sulpb-ac 
tbuj verat-a verat-v zino ziz. 

Grasping at flocks — Am bell cocc byos op pb-ac rhus stram. 

AGGRAVATIONS. 

In the Morning — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t arn ars ba 
bell bry calc cantb caps carb-veg caust cbam ebin cie cimicif cina cooe 
coff cor-cir croc cupr dulc eupborb eup-perf gelsem hep hyd hyos ign 
iod ip lacb lye mere mosch mur-ac natr-mur nit-ac nux-nioseh nux- 
vom op phos pb-ac plat podo puis rhus sabad samb sang-can sec-cor 
sep sil spig stan stram sulpb sulph-ac thuj verat-a zinc. 

In the Forenoon — Amm amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t ars bar bell bry 
calc canth carb-veg caust cbam chin cimicif cocc cupr dulc euphorb 
eup-perf hep ign ip lach lyo mere mosch mur-ac natr-mur nit-ao nux- 
mosch nux-vom phos ph ao plat podo puis rhus sabad sec-cor sep sil 
spig stan sulph sulph-ac verat-a zinc. 

In the Afternoon — Amm amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t arn ars bar bel 
bry calc campth canth caps carb-veg caust cham chin cic cimicif cina 
cocc coff croc dulc eup-perf *bep hyos ign iod ip lach lye mere mosch 
mur-ac natr-mur nit-ac nux-mosch nux-vom op phos ph-ac plat puis 
rhus sabad sang-can sep sil spig stan sulph sulph-ac thuj verat-a zino. 

In the Evening — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t apis arn ars 
bar bell bry calc camph canth caps carb-ve*g' caust eham chin oio cina 
cimicif cocc coff cor-cir croc cupr dulc eup-perf gelsem hep hyos ign 
iodipiris lach lye mere mosch mur-ac natr-mur nit-ac nux-mosch 
nux-vom op phos ph-ac plat podo puis rhus sabad samb sang-can sep 
sil spig stan suiph sulph-ac thuj verat-a zinc. 

In the Night — Aeon amm amm-mur ang ant-c ant-t apis arn ars 
bapt bar bell bry calo camph oanth oops carb-veg caust cham chin 
cic cimieif cina cooc coff cor-cir croo cupr dulc eup-perf gelsem hep 
hyd hyos ign iod ip iris lach lept lyo mere mosch mur-ac natr-mur nit' 



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NECBOLOGICAL. £99 

ae nux-mosch nux-vom op phos pb-ac plat podo puis rhus sabad samb 
sang-cao sec-cor sep sil spig stan strain sulph sulph-ao thuj verat-a 
verat-v zinc. 

Before Midnight — Amm-mur ang ant-t apis am ars bell bry carb- 
veg oaust cbam chin dnlo bep ign lacb lye mere mosch mur-ac natr- 
mur nit-ao nux-vom phos plat podo puis rhus sabad samb sep spig 
stan sulph thuj 

After Midnight — Aeon amm-mur ang ant-e ant-t apis ars bapt bar 
bry calc canth caps carb-veg eaust eham ehin cimicif coeo coff croo 
dule gelsem hep ign iod lept lye mero natr-mur nit-ao nux-vom phos 
ph-ao plat puis rhus sabad samb sep sil spig strain sulph sulph-ac . 
thuj. 

[To be concluded in July number ] 



NECROLOGICAIi. 



Merritt. — The readers of " The Observer," as well as the 
medical fraternity generally, will be pained to learn of the 
death of Dr. Jesse F. Mekritt, which occurred at his late 
residence, Pleasant Plain, Dutchess Ccunty, N. Y., March 30, 
1868, in the 38th year, of his age. His life, though short, 
was not spent in vain. He has left behind him a name, 
honored and respected by all who knew him. 

Dr. Merritt was born in the town of Hyde Park, Dutchess 
County, N. Y., Jan. 22d, 1831. Death soon left him an or- 
phan. His early life was intrusted to the care of an uncle, 
Mr. Jesse Frost, of Clinton, Dutchess County, N. Y., who 
greatly loved him and was loved as a father in return. 

He enjoyed the privileges of the district schools of his 
neighborhood until he was of suitable age, when he was 
sent to the academy at Rhinebeck, and afterwards to the 
Academy at Poughkeepsie. He pursued the study of the 
classics under the private instruction of Rev. Albert G. Tra- 
ver, D. D., late of Poughkeepsie. He made rapid progress 
in his studies, and we find him in April, 1848, entering 
upon the study of medicine in the office of Messrs. Piatt & 
Nelson, of Rhinebeck. He was then in his 17th year. In 
October of the same year he went to New York and attend- 
ed his first course of lectures at the " College of Physicians 

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300 NECROLOGICAL. 

and Surgeons/' then located in Crosby street, now Twenty- 
third street. 

He remained here as a student till March, 1851. He 
then passed an approved examination, but not yet being of 
age, could not lawfully receive his diploma. In April, 1851, he 
united with the Reformed Dutch Church, of Franklin street, 
under the care of Rev. Dr. Hardenburg. In January, 1852, 
he received his diploma, and upon the 8th of the same 
month was married to Miss Mary F. Conrad, a very worthy 
young lady, then of Rhinebeck, to whom he had long been 
attached. 

He then entered upon the practice of medicine in Hyde 
Park, where he made many life-long friends; became connected 
with the Reformed Church there, under the pastoral care of 
Rev. Wm. H. Ten Eyck. After a steadily increasing prac- 
tice of three years in Hyde Park he yielded to the earnest 
solicitation of his former preceptors, Messrs. Piatt & Nel- 
son, of Rhinebeck, and entered into partnership with them 
in the spring of 1854. In the eaily part of 1855 he was 
severely attacked with hemorrhage of the lungs, and for the 
benefit of his health he left in the fall of 1855 for Jackson- 
ville, Florida. Here his gentlemanly deportment and pleas- 
ing address gave him practice at once among some of the 
first families of the place. But as spring opened his health, 
improved, he longed once more for the "land of Freedom" 
and the dear friends he had left at the North. So we find 
him spending the summer of 1856 in the city of Albany, 
but in November, finding himself quite strong again, he re- 
removed, with his family, to Pleasant Plains, which remain- 
his residence till God removed him to a " better country." 

For the last two years his health has been gradually failing, 
and yet when able to ride he always responded to the call of the 
suffering. When confined to his room he was often exhausted 
by the large amount of office work which seemed to demand 
his attention, and but the week before he died, while himself 
under great suffering, was ministering to the relief of others by 
his prescriptions and advice. 

His profession gave him an extended acquaintance. His 
public and private character stood above reproach. 

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NECROLOGICAL. SOI 

To his country he was ever loyal, devoted to her interest in 
her time of deepest peril, and always praying for her unity and 
safety. 

As a citizen, he was public spirited, and a firm believer in 
the law of progress. 

As a physician he was eminently successful and greatly be- 
loved. There almost seemed to be a healing power in his kind 
words and cheerful face. To his skill and intelligence was 
added a care for the souls as well as the bodies of his patients, 
and often from the bedside of the dying have his prayers gone 
up for help to the great iC physician of souls." 

As a neighbor, he was uniformly kind and obliging. 

As a friend, faithful and true. 

As a Christian, he was a living epistle, known and read of all 
men. He was an elder in the First Presbyterian Church of 
Pleasant Plains. A firm friend and judicious counselor of the 
pastor and an earnest advocate of every moral reform. He was 
unostentatious in his manner, scattering here and there the 
good seed of the kingdom and always praying for the prosper- 
ity of Zion. 

In all his family relations he was what we might expect of an 
educated Christian gentleman. He has now gone to his 
reward, and his family, in their deep affliction, have the warm- 
est sympathy of the whole community. 

A. P. Stockwell. 



Quin. — Editor New York Tribune says : " We announce 
with regret the death of this distinguished physician, accom- 
plished gentleman and old and respected citizen, which occur- 
red at his country residence, Morrisania, N. Y., on the banks of 
the East River, on Friday night, March 27, 1868. Dr. James 
M. Quin was born in New York in 1806, in a house on the 
corner of Barclay and Church streets, and at the time of his 
death had reached the ripe age of 62 years. ..His career was 
closely associated with the development of the one great science 
Homoeopathy, and of the kindred arts of Music and Painting. 
He was a student of Columbia College, from whence he gradu- 
ated with all the honors, after a contest with some of the most 

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SOS NECB0L0GICAL. 

brilliant minds of the day. He was afterward Professor of 
Latin and Greek at the College, and the late Dr. Anthon pro- 
nounced him as second only to himself in the knowledge of 
those languages. Subsequently he studied medicine with Dr. 
Hosack, but after practicing Allopathy for several years he be- 
came a convert to the doctrines of Hahnemann. The desire to 
thoroughly master the principles of Homoeopathy led him to 
the study of the German, and subsequently of the French lan- 
guage, in both of which he became singularly proficient. 

As a physician he had a wide-spread popularity, based upon 
success resulting from a profound knowledge ; his specialties 
being those of the throat and chest necessarily brought him 
into contact with all the eminent vocal artists of the day, and 
as he could discourse fluently not only in the before mentioned 
languages, but also in Italian and Spanish, his office, at times, 
was a sort of polyglot institute, of which he was the professor. 
He was himself an accomplished musician and a good amateur 
performer on the violin. Mozart's Requiem was first performed 
in this country at the old house in Barclay street, and it is gen- 
erally believed that the violin quartettes of Haydn, Mozart and 
Beethoven, were played first in America by himself and his 
friends. His library of instrumental classics comprises nearly 
all the choice works extant. He was an acute critic of music 
and painting, and was a generous and judicious patron of both. 
He was of a quick, genial and liberal nature ; in his profession, 
rapid, discerning and decided, he rarely failed of success. By 
his death, Science has lost a shining light, and Art a true and 
admiring disciple ; while the followers of Art have lost a friend 
whose heart was ever open to sympathy, and whose purse was 
never closed in the hour of need. His death has caused un- 
feigned sorrow among a wide and varied circle, for few men 
had so many warm friends. The world halts not for the loss 
of one man, but thousands will feel to-day that one has gone 
from among us, who, as adviser and friend, could hardly be 
replaced. 

The funeral service at St. Stephen's Church was magnificent- 
ly performed, and a vast number of the eminent of all profes- 
sions assembled to do honor to the occasion." 



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COLLEGES AND SOCIETIES. SOS 

Pennock. — The angel Death has visited the young in our 
fraternity as well as the old. Our friend Dr. B. F. Pennock, 
of Fentonville, Mich., buried a little child of three and a half 
years on the second of April last. He had been a bright little 
boy, and his parents will miss much sunshine from their home. 
May the Good Father give them the grace of acquiescence in 
his will. 



fortbjjw, frowKi*, tiu 



Ohio Homceopathic Society meets at Columbus, 0., June 9. 

Pennsylvania Homceopathic Society meets at Harris- 
burg, Pa., Tuesday and Wednesday, May 12 and 13, 1868. 



Indiana Homceopathic Institute will meet at Indianapo- 
lis Wednesday, May 13. 

Michigan Homceopathic Institute meets at Grand Rapids, 
Mich., Tuesday and Wednesday, May 19 and 20. 



Western Institute of Homceopathy meets at Milwaukee 
on the 21st of May. 

American Institute of Homceopathy meets at St. Louis 
June 3d. Preliminary meeting on Tuesday evening, June 2. 



The fourth Annual meeting of the Homoeopathic Medical 
Society ot Ohio will be held in the city of Columbus, on the 
second Tuesday in June, (9th) 1858, at 11 o'clock, a. m. 

A. Shepherd, Secretary. 



Indiana Institute of Homceopathy will meet in regular 
session at Indianapolis on Wednesday May 13th, at 2 p. m. 
It is. highly important that as many of the homoeopathic physi- 
cians of the State be present as possible on that occasion, and 
to all others who may favor us with their presence we extend a 
cordial welcome. N. G. Burnham, Cor. Sec. 



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gfwttal ^Lniim. 



Comstock. — The leading Homoeopathic physicians assembled 
at the residence of T. G. Comstock, M. D., at St. Lotiis, to 
celebrate the birthday of Samuel Hahnemann. The assem- 
blage was large. Prof. E. 0. Franklin read an address appro- 
priate to the occasion. Toasts were proposed and drank, and 
jokes and nuts cracked until a late hour, when all returned 
home well pleased. 

Harris — C. T. Harris, M. D., published in the weekly Jour- 
nal of Ann Arbor, Mich., a review of President Haven's ad- 
dress before the graduating class of the Michigan University, 
which contained several extremely unfair allusions to Homoe- 
opathy. 

Haven. — We have received from one of the graduates of 
the Michigan State University a review of President Haven's 
address which we have handed J. F. Oonover, Esq., editor Ad- 
vertiser £ Tribune, for publication in his daily, as being most 
appropriate, the address of President H. having been pub- 
lished in that paper. 



REMOVALS. 



Partridge— Dr. J. M. Partridge from Niles, Mich., to South Bend, Ind. 

Bell-Dr. J. 8. Bell from Joliet to Naperville. I1L 

Clark: 4k Ricarda— From Hackensack, N. J., to Scranton, Pa. 



Errata. — Page 268, 5th line, for now we read we now. 
Page 259, 15th line, for cascade read Cascade. 
Page 264, 27th line, for turm oil read turmoil. 
Page 267, 25th line, for he read who. 

Page 208, 14th line from bottom, insert induced between 
frequently and renders. 

Page 208, 4th line from bottom, read apex for apix. 
Page 208, 5th line from bottom, for better read like. 

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Statma $ltYin. 



PROF. EDWIN M. HALE, Edito*. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer.] 
A MONOGRAPH ON 

UBTILAGO MADIS, 
Its Physiokgico-Pathological effects, together with its uses in Disease. 

BY W. H. BVRT, X. D M LINCOLN, ILLIKOI8. 



The Ustilago Madis is a parasitic mushroom, which is found 
growing on maize, (Indian corn) as ergot does upon rye. It is 
probably the seed, entirely perverted in its nature by a parasitic 
fungus attached to it from the very beginning of its develop- 
ment. 

The medical history of the Ustilago Madis, as far as I have 
been able to learn, is very meagre. All that is known of its 
effects will be found in Prof. E. M. Hale's iC Causes and treat- 
ment of Miscarriage and Sterility." He says " in a cow-house 
where cows were fed on Indian corn infested with this parasite, 
eleven of their number aborted in eight days. After their 
food was changed, none of the others aborted." Anal Med\ 
Netr. Beige, and Rep de Ph. 

Lindlay says, " Its action on the uterus is as powerful as the 
ergot of rye, and perhaps more." Rowlin says, u Its use is at- 
tended with shedding of the hair, both of man and beast, and 
sometimes even of the teeth. Mules fed on it lose their hoofs, 
and fowls lay eggs without any shells." Tully in his mention 
.of this fungus adds, " It is doubtless by its abortifacient power 
' that it causes the eggs of fowls to be extruded before there has 
been time for a shell to be formed. By what power does it 
cause the shedding of the hair of man and brute animals, and 
the casting off of the hoofs of mules long fed upon it*?" Dr. 
E. M. Hale adds, " It would seem to be capable of great cura- 
tive powers." 

The better to be convinced of the poisonous nature of the 
mushrooms, the author, after having dried and pulverized them, 
administered six drachms to two bitch dogs with young, which 
soon caused them to abort. 

PHYSIOLOGICO- PATHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS. 

The following symptoms were observed on Miss K. 0. 
produced while taking the Ustilago in the 2d dec, tritura- 
22 

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S06 USTILAGO MADIS. 

tion, three weeks, and then the 1st dec, three weeks, in two 
grain doses, three times a day, for a uterine tumor, supposed to 
be a fibroid tumor of the uterine wall, of enormous size, about 
the size of a full grown child's head at birth ; is an unmarried 
lady, aet, 32 ; nervous temprament. The prominent symptoms 
are constant feeling as if the pelvic bones would burst open, 
especially in the pubic region; the tumor is in such a position 
as to cause constant inclination to urinate, with numerous 
cystic symptoms too numerous to mention ; bowels inactive 
from pressure of the tumor on the rectum ; almost constantly 
has haemorrhoids that bleed every few days ; great tenderness 
of both ovaries, but the left one is the most involved, cannot 
bear to have it pressed upon, it is so painful. Pressure upon 
the fundus of the womb produces the most agonizing pain in 
it and the left ovary, passing down the thigh. The reflex symp- 
toms are too numerous to mention, at times about every organ 
in the body is more or less affected. Has nausea every day 
also, and sometimes vomiting ; constant frontal headache, &c. 
The os does not seem to be involved in the least, the whole tu- 
mor being in the fundus of the uterus. On the anterior surface 
of the cervix there is a horny protuberance about one inch long 
and half an inch in diameter, it is very hard and extremely sen- 
sitive. This patient has been upder the care of eight physi- 
cians, three of whom have been homoeopaths, none have done 
any good, excepting relieved for a short time some of the re- 
flex symptoms. I treated her five months with no better sue-* 
cess than those who had preceded me. I used about every- 
thing recommended for such diseases. Apis m. relieved some of 
the cystic symptoms. I thought Bromide of potassa did her 
some good for three weeks. Atropine relieved a number of the 
reflex symptoms. Her menses would come on every 18 to 22 
days, when all the symptoms would be greatly aggravated. She 
has frequently had spasms at these times, but not since I com- 
menced treating her. For three days she would suffer the most 
violent menstrual pains, but never would flow more than one 
day, and then just slightly. The first month she took Ustilago 
madis she went 28 days before the menses came on, and then 
flowed for three days, but not profusely. The second month 

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USTILAGO MADIS. 307 

she went 36 days before the appearance of the menses, flowed 
a little every day for four days, and did not suffer more than 
half as much as usual. Third month menses came on in 27 
days; flowed two days, but was more painful than the last. 
Fourth month menses came on 22d day; flowed one day, not 
very painful. During these four months the uterine tumor 
was reduced full one -third in size and was greatly relieved of 
its sensitiveness. The Ustilago now lost its effect, and all its 
force seemed to be spent on the skin, and I was compelled to 
stop giving it. 

During these four months the Ustilago madis produced a 
constant aching distress in the womb, referred by the patient to 
the mouth of the womb. This symptom cannot be doubted. 
I gave the remedy especially to see whether it was a real patho- 
genetic symptom or not. She could always tell when she was 
taking the remedy by this one symptom, without knowing what 
she was taking. It produced no leucorrhcea or any inflammatory 
symptoms that could be detected, but on the skin it spent the 
most of its power. The scalp and chest were the most affected, 
but the skin of the whole body was more or less involved. The 
great centre of action was on the scalp. The whole scalp be- 
came one filthy mass of inflammation, two-thirds of the hair 
came out, and what was left in was almost completely matted 
together. A watery serum kept constantly oozing from the 
scalp, so great as to keep the hair wet all the time. The pa- 
tient now cut her hair very short, and she then washed it 
thoroughly with castile soap daily and applied a cerate of Iris 
v. to the whole scalp ; took internally Iris v. and Sulphur for 
five weeks before the scalp became well. The eruption on the 
body resembled the eruption of Rubeola perfectly, even in com- 
ing out, it first appeared on the neck and chest and gradually 
extended to the feet ; at no time was the eruption vesicular, 
but constantly of a deep red color, and about the size of a 
pin's head. The chest and joints were completely covered with 
this fine red eruption, the body not so thickly. At night 
the eruption itched most violently ; by rubbing any part of 
the body in a few moments it would break out with the 
eruption. This peculiarity lasted during the whole course of 

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808 USTILAGO MADIS. 

the eruption, on the neck and face it came out in patches 
like ring-worm, (Herpes circinatus) but not vesicular. The 
painful state of the ovaries was completely relieved. Care- 
ful examination with the speculum revealed a healthy state 
of the mucous membrane of the vagina and os when most 
thoroughly under. the influence of the Ustilago madis. 

PnYSIOLOGICO-PATHOLOGlCAL EFFECTS ON W. H. BURT, M. D. 
EXPERIMENT FIRST. 

Oct. 15, 1866. — In perfect health ; good appetite; bowels 
move once a day. 4 p. m., took 20 grs. of the Ustilago m. 
2 dec., dec, trituration : produced dryness of the fauces with 
a burning dryness in the stomach. 

16th. — Took 20 grs. 12 m. All the afternoon had rheu- 
matic, drawing pains in the finger joints, especially in the sec- 
ond joint of the right forefinger ; dull, aching pains in the 
shoulder joints ; distress in the stomach. 

17th. — Was restless all night ; my whole skin felt dry as if 
I had taken cold ; natural stool 4 a. m. Took 20 grs. 12 m 
All the forenoon had dryness of the nostrils, with a dry feeling 
of the whole skin ; constant severe drawing pains in the joints 
of the fingers with dull pains in the epigastrium ; for the las* 
hour have had a constant aching, burning distress under &nd 
in the sternum, appears to be in the sternum and also in the 
stomach, accompanied with fine neuralgic pains in the same re- 
gion ; this is a prominent symptom ; 9 p. m., had some symp- 
toms all day as noted down at noon. 

18th. — Freqnent rheumatic symptoms in the arms, fingers 
and legs all day ; these rheumatic symptoms lasted a week. 

EXPERIMENT SECOND. 

Dec. 4th. — Feeling well ; 11 a. m., took 20 grs. of the 2d 
dec.; 3 p. m., half an hour after taking the medicine commenced 
to have a frontal headache ; has continued ever since with dis- 
tress in the epigastrium ; 6. p. m., head aches severely, aggra- 
vated by walking ; 9 p. m., felt well all the evening. 

5th. — 6 a. m., took 40 grs. one hour before eating ; 10 a. m , 
all the morning have had a feeling of fullness of the head, with 
dull, pressive, frontal headache ; aching of the eyes, with pro- 
fuse secretion of tears ; dryness of the nostrils, with a prickling 



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USTILAGO MADIS. 309 

sensation in the tongue and a feeling as if something was un- 
der the roots of the tongue pressing it upwards ; eructations of 
ingesta strongly acid, with constant distress in the stomach ; 
10:30 a. m., frequent eructations of sour fluid ; full inspiration 
causes a dull pain in the stomach ; fine stitching pain along the 
metacarpal bone, right fore finger, every few seconds ; 12 m. 
constant burning distress in the stomach ; 9 p. m., dull frontal 
headache all day, with aching distress in the eyeballs; burning 
distress in the stomach, with slimy taste. 

6th. — Took 40 grs. 7 a. m., one hour before eating ; 12 m., 
dull frontal headache all the forenoon, with smarting of the 
eyes ; eructations of sour fluid from the stomach, with distress 
in the same region ; natural stool ; 4 p. m., have been much de- 
pressed in spirits this afternoon ; skin feeling hot and dry ; 
burning sensation of the face and scalp ; frequent cutting pains 
in the stomach with constant distress in the same region ; eruc- 
tations of sour food ; .dull pains in the right elbow, worse on 
motion ; 9. p. m., had constant severe distress in the stomach 
until I ate supper, which relieved it ; severe rheumatic pains in 
the muscles of the right shoulder. 

7th. — Very languid, had pain in the right shoulder all night; 
took 50 grs. 7 a. m., one hour before eating ; 10 A. m., feeling 
very languid; skin dry and hot; constant distress in the stom- 
ach; rheumatic pains in the muscles of the arms, hands, fin- 
gers and small of the back, walking aggravates the pains in the 
back; slight headache; very languid all day; had frequent 
pains in the stomach all the afternoon, with the above mention- 
ed rheumatic pains; no stool to-day. 

8th. — Mushy stool before breakfast; slimy, coppery taste in 
the mouth; had a few rheumatic symptoms to-day; skin feel- 
ing dry. 

For a number of days felt very languid with a slimy taste 
in the mouth. 

EXPERIMENT THIRD. 

Jan. 28, 1867. — Took 5 grs. at 7 a. m., of the crude untri- 
turated drug; 12 m., have had constant distress in the stomach 
all the forenoon, with pain in the right eyeball; rough feeling 
in the fauces; natural stool; 2 p. m., have had hard pains in 

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310 UOTILAGO MADI8. 

the stomach for the last two hours; 9 p. m., have been much 
depressed in spirits this afternoon. 

29th. — Bather soft stool; sexnal dream last night but no 
emission; 3 p. m., took 10 grs.; 9 p. m., have had severe dis- 
tress in the stomach this afternoon; eating supper relieves this 
distress. 

30th, — Had a restless night; sexual dream, no emission; 
dull frontal headache; slimy, coppery saste in the mouth; skin 
hot and dry; urine very red and scanty; dry, lumpy stool ; 7 
A. m., took 15 grs.; 10 a. m., dull headache all the morning; 
skin hot; feeling very languid; noon, head aches most violent- 
ly; 9 p. m., have been very languid to-day with a bursting 
frontal headache; skin dry; urine diminished one-half. 

Feb. 1st. — Languid; sexual dream last night, no emission; 
black, dry, lumpy stool; poor appetite; slimy taste; urine di- 
minished greatly to-daj and high colored. 

2d. — Sexual dream last night ; slimy taste ; have had 
drawing pains in the right hypochondrium all day; toothache 
all day in upper first and second molars; they are decayed and 
have ached before, urine increased. 

3d. — Have had a good deal of pain to-day in the right lobe 
of the liver; toothache to-day the same as yesterday; urine in- 
creased and very clear. 

For a week had slimy taste in the mouth with a relaxed state 
of the sexual organs; sexual desire was depressed during the 
whole experiment. 

Feb. 12th. — Have a small boil in the right nostril; every day 
several times through the day, for the last week, have had a 
numb tingling sensation in the right hand and arm, that would 
last from a few minutes to an hour at a time. 

EXPERIMENT FOURTH. 

Feb. 15th. — Feeling very well, but still have complete pros- 
tration of the animal system; 12 m., took 20 grs. of the crude 
drug; half an hour afterwards, dryness of the fauces with dif- 
ficulty in swallowing, feeling as if there was a lump behind the 
larynx; 1 p. m., sharp pains in the forehead; dryness of the 
fauces with a burning distress in the stomach; 4 p. m., for the 
last two hours have had fine, sharp, cutting pains in the umbil- 



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USTILAGO MADIS. . Sll 

ical and hypogastric regions, lasting about three minutes at a 
time and coming on every ten and fifteen minutes; frequent ef- 
forts to swallow with a feeling in the fauces as if something 
"had lodged there; sudden flying pain from the heart to the 
stomach that arrested breathing, lasted but a moment, (prob- 
ably myalgic;) sharp, cutting pains in the metacarpal bones of 
the right hand and foot; 10 p. m., the colicky pains lasted until 
8 p. M., when they were relieved by a constipated stool, (first 
to-day) since have had constant grumbling pains in the whole 
of the bowels, with constant severe pains in the testicles, more 
in the right one; fauces feeling irritated with several neuralgic 
pains in the forehead, hands and feet. 

20th. — Coppery taste in the mouth; 7 a. m., took 20 grs.; 12 
M., have had slight headache this forenoon; irritation of the 
fauces with a feeling as if there was a lump in the larynx when 
swallowing; have had frequent spells of pain in the stomach 
and small intestines, with dull distress in the right hypo- 
chondrium; have had constant severe, dull, aching pains in the 
testicles, sometimes the pains would be of a sharp neuralgic 
character; dull pains in the small of the back; the whole skin 
feels congested; 5 p. m., my right testicle has constantly pained 
me nearly all day, the pain is of a dull, aching character, 
at times the distress would be in both testicles; fauces still ir-j 
ritated; have had occasional pains in the bowels; 9 p. m., the 
dull, aching distress in my testicles has not ceased a moment 
this evening; slight headache; eyes water much in the open air; 
dull pain in the lumbar region; very languid; urinated 30 oz,, 
acid. 

21st. — 4 a. m. Called up, feeling excessively languid; dull 
headache; eyelids agglutinated together; slimy, coppery taste 
in the mouth; dull headache; scrotum greatly relaxed with a 
cold sweat upon it; took 10 grs. fearing that larger doses would 
produce permanent injury to my testicles; 11 A. m., fauces con- 
gested and irritated; have had a number of faint spells, com- 
mencing in the epigastrium, with small pains in the hypochon- 
drium and bowels; every few minutes have had severe pains in 
the testicles, lasting about five minutes at a time; the pains 
produce a faintish feeling; natural stool preceded by dull pains 



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SIS USTILAGO MADIS. 

in the umbilicus. 2 p. m., great languor; dull frontal head- 
ache; left tonsil enlarged and much congested, of a dark red- 
dish color, right one also quite painful on swallowing; dull pains 
in the umbilicus and right liver; frequent spells of hard pain 
in the testicles. 9 p. m., slimy, coppery taste in the mouth; 
left tonsil much enlarged and painful; three times have had 
hard paroxysms of pain in the testicles this evening; eyes weak 
and water much out doors; urinated 24 oz.; acids have no ef- 
iect upon it. 

22d. — Slimy, coppery taste in the mouth; left tonsil much 
congested, extending to the ear along the eustachian tube 
which produces constant dull pain in the ear; took 10 grs. at 
7 A. m.; 11 A. m., left tonsil and ear very painful; frequent 
pains in the umbilicus; had two spells of hard pains in the tes- 
ticles; dull backache. 12 m., constant distress in the right hy- 
pochondrium for the last hour. 3 p. m., have suffered constant- 
ly with dull distress in the right hypochondrium and umbilicus. 
5 p. m., have had less distress in the liver and towels, but have 
had the spells of hard pains in the testicles. 9 p. m., coppery 
taste; tonsils not feeling so sore this afternoon; slight pains in 
the testicles; urinated 23 oz.;very cold day; have been very 
thirsty and hungry. 

• 23d. — Stool at 4 A. m., inclined to be loose with pain and 
rumbling in the bowels; had to get up in the night to drink, 
was so thirsty; scrotum greatly relaxed and covered with cold 
sweat; craving appetite; eyes water profusely in the open air; 
tonsils more painful to-day than yesterday; urinated 26 oz., 
high colored. 

24th. — Left tonsil still congested but not so painful; no stool; 
urinated 30 oz. acid, high colored. 

25th — Left tonsil still congested but not painful; still pro- 
found prostration of the sexual system with the organs greatly 
relaxed; urinated 28 oz., high colored. 

26th.— Slimy taste. 

March 1st. — Two small boils on the back of the neck; scro- 
tum still greatly relaxed; sexual desire perfectly prostrated. 

This prostration of the sexual system lasted a month after 
ceasing the proving. 



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USTILAGO MADIS. SIS 

EESUME. 

SKIN. 

1. The whole skin is dry, hot and congested. 

2. Eruption all over the skin similar to rubeola. By rubbing 
any part of the body a few moments it would break out with 
this fine, red eruption; on the face and neck it came in patches 
like ringworm (Herpes circinatus,) but not vesicular. The 
eruption is about the size of a pin's head, itches violently at 
night and constantly remains red and hard. The chest and 
joints are more affected than any other parts of the body. 

3. The whole scalp became one filthy mass of inflammation, 
two-thirds of the hair came out, and what was left in was 
mostly matted together. 

4. A watery serum kept constantly oozing from the scalp, so 
great as to keep the hair constantly wet. 

5. Shedding of the hair, both of man and beast, and some- 
times even of the teeth. (Roulin.) 

6. Mules fed on the Ustilago lose their hoofs. (Roulin.) 

CLINICAL REMARKS. 

The Ustilago madis ought to be one of our most valuable 
anti-psorics in many skin diseases, especially of a chronic na- 
ture; to get its most valuable therapeutic effect it should be 
continued alone for a long time. 

I have used this remedy in two cases of Urticaria, one on a 
negro, of six years standing, who had been troubled more or 
less all the time. Every night he would commence to itch, 
which would make him scratch the parts when it would break 
out in large pale welts, his whole body, arms and legs, were 
affected. The 2d dec, twice a day for six weeks, made a per- 
fect cure. The other case was similar, but only of one weeks' 
duration, and cured with the tincture. In a number of cases 
of boils and styes I have used it with the most pleasing suc- 
cess. In one case of Urticaria, a negress, it failed to cure. 

SLEEP. 

7. Restless nights with a dry, hot skin. 

8. Sexual dreams without emission. 

FEVER. 

9. Languor, with a dry, hot feeling of the skin. 



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81b USTILAGO MADIS. 

10. Restless at night, my whole skin feels as if I had taken 
cold. 

11. Great thirst at night, with a slimy, coppery taste. 

12. Thirst, loss of appetite and then craving hunger. 

MORAL SYMPTOMS. 

13. Much depressed in mind. 

14. Great depression of spirits during the whole proving. 
(See sexual group.) 

HEAD. 

15. Frontal headache. 

16. Severe frontal headache, aggravated by walking. 

17. Feeling of fullness of head, with dull pressive frontal 
headache. 

18. Most violent frontal headache, feeling as if the forehead 
would burst open. 

19. Sharp flying pains in the forehead. 

EYES. 

20. Aching of the eyeballs with profuse secretion of tears. 

21. Dull, aching pains in the right eyeball. 

22. Smarting of the eyes, with profuse secretion of tears in 
the open air. 

EARS. 

23. Constant dull pain in the left ear caused by extension of 
inflammation of the tonsil along the eustachian tube. 

NOSE. 

24. Dryness of the nostrils as if I had taken cold. 

FACE. 

25. Burning sensation of the face and scalp. 

MOUTH. 

26. Slimy, coppery taste is a prominent symptom 

27. Constant dull, aching pain in the first and second upper 
molars; they are decayed and have ached before. 

28. Shedding of the teeth. (Eoulin.) 

29. Prickling sensation in the tongue with a feeling as if 
something was under the roots of the tongue pressing it up- 
wards. 

30. Dryness of the fauces with difficult deglutition. 

31. Congestion and inflammation of the tonsils, left one 



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USTILAGO MADIS. 315 

greatly enlarged, of a dark color, accompanied with dull pain, 
much aggravated by swallowing. 

THROAT. 

32. Dryness of the fauces with a burning distress in the 
stomach. 

33. Rough feeling in the fauces. 

34. Dryness of the fauces with difficult deglutition. 

35. Constant inclination to swallow. 

36. Feeling as if there was a lump behind the larynx, which 
produces constant inclination to swallow. 

37. Congestion and inflammation of the tonsils, left one 
greatly enlarged and painful during deglutition. 

APPETITE AND THIRST. 

38. Loss of appetite. 

39. Canine hungen 

40. Thirst at night. ' 

GASTRIC SYMPTOMS. 

41 Eructations of the ingesta. Eructation of food strongly 
acid. 

42. Very faint feeling a number of times in the epigastrium, 
with pain in the region of the liver and bowels. 

STOMACH. 

43. Constant distress in the region of the stomach. 

44. Burning distress in the stomach, probably from an ex- 
cessive acid state of the stomach. 

45. Burning distress m the sternum and stomach, accompan- 
ied with fine neuralgic pains in the same region. 

46. Constant dull pains in the stomach. 

47. Sharp, cutting pains in the stomach with a burning dis- 
tress in the same region. 

48. Fine, sharp, cutting pains in the epigastrium, lasting 
about three minutes at a time, came on every ten or .fifteen 
minutes for a number of hours. 

ABDOMEN. 

49. Grumbling pains in the abdomen all the afternoon, fol- 
lowed by dry, hard stool. 

50. Fine, cutting, colicky pains every few minutes all day, 
relieved by a hard, constipated stool, followed by dull pains in 
the bowela 



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816 USTILAGO MADI8. 

51. The abdominal symptoms caused by the Ustilago are 
mostly all located in the epigastrium and hypochondriac re- 
gions. 

LIVER. 

52. Good deal of pain for two days in the region of the 
right lobe of the liver. 

53. Dull pains in the right hypochondrium, with distress in 
the small intestines. 

STOOL. * 

54. Natural stools. 

55. Mushy stools. 

56. Constipation, (where the Ustilago is indicated the bowels 
are generally papescent or constipated.) 

57. Black, dry, lumpy stool. 

URINARY ORGANS.' 

58. Urine red and scanty. 

59. Urine diminished one-half and very red and scanty. 
(Primary.) 

60. Great increase of colorless urine. (Secondary.) 

GENITAL ORGANS OP MAN. 

61. Sexual dreams every night with no emissions. 

62. Great depression of the sexual system for weeks, with 
great relaxation of the scrotum. 

63. Constant aching pains in the testicles for a number of 
days. 

64. Severe, sharp, neuralgic pains in the testicles, more in 
the right. 

65. Constant aching distress in the right testicle for days. 

66. Spells of violent pains in the testicles, more in the right 

67. Every five minutes sharp pains in the testicles that pro- 
duce faintness. 

68. Two nights had a profuse cold sweat upon the scrotum, 
which was greatly relaxed. 

CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS. 

From the powerful and specific influence' the Ustilago madis 
exerts upon the generative organs of man we should expect it 
to prove a very valuable remedial agent in chronic diseases of 
those organs, such as neuralgia of the testicles, irritable testicle, 



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USTILAGO MADIS. 817 

chronic orchitis, indurated testicles and spermatorrhoea. In the 
last mentioned disease I have given the remedy in two cases 
with excellent results. 

Case i. — A young man set. 28; nervo-sanguine tempera- 
ment. For a number of years has had from one to four emis- 
sions with sexual dreams every week, followed the next day 
with great prostration of strength, dull pain in the lumbar re- 
gion, with great despondency and irritability of the mind ; Us- 
tilago m» 2d dec, two grs. morning and night in one month 
produced, so he said, a permanent cure. 

Case #. — An Irishman, 30 years of age, bilious tempera- 
ment, has been an onanist all his life. Has a seminal emis- 
sion about every night ; cannot hear a man talk about women 
but he will have an emission ; is very sad, cries frequently ; 
says he cannot keep from the base practice ; has no control of 
himself when the passion is aroused ; knows it is fast killing 
him ; is not able to work on the farm is so much prostrated. 
Has been treated by a number of physicians, none have helped 
him only for a short time. I ordered him to take a sitz bath 
daily, followed by brisk friction with a crash towel, never to 
deep on his back, and keep from all company, to do something 
to occupy his mind and to cease the practice of onanism. Gave 
him lour grain doses of the 1st dec, of the Ustilago so as to 
get the specific effect of the drug on the sexual system. In 
one week returned ; said he had had but one emission, and felt 
better every way ; gave two grain doses twice a day one week ; 
returned much better ; no emission had taken place ; had been 
able to work a little ; continued same remedy two weeks, dur- 
ing which time he had two emissions. I continued this treat- 
ment seven months, twice giving him Nux. v. for constipation 
and once Bromide of potassa ; he then had an emission once in 
four or five weeks ; worked hard, and thought himself cured. 
In the last four months he has been to my ofliee twice for 
medicine ; has had an emission every three or four weeks, but 
it does not seem to affect his mind as it did, or produce the 
great prostration. This case is not cured but certainly the 
remedy has had an excellent effect upon him, and without a 
doubt prevented him from becoming an inmate of an Insane 
Asylum. 



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818 USTILAGO MADIS 

Some of the symptoms that shadow forth its homoeopathicity 
to spermatorrhoea are sexual dreams every night without emis- 
sions ; perfect loss of all sexual desire with great relaxation of 
the scrotum ; the scrotum covered with cold sweat. (See Cal- 
adium and Hamamelis.) Painful testicles ; sad and gloomy. 
I would advise it given in the lower attenuations until the 
specific effect of the remedy is produced, afterwards given in 
smaller doses, as long as it has good effect, and then give 
Bromido of potassa. 

ORGANS OF GENERATION OP WOMEN. 

69. Constant aching distress in the uterus, referred by the 
patient to the mouth of the womb. 

70. In a cow house, where cows were fed on Indian corn in- 
fested with this parasite (Ustilago) eleven of their number ab- 
orted in eight days, after their food was changed none of the 
animals aborted. (Anl. Med. Vetr. Beige, and Eep. de Ph.) 

71. Six drachms to two bitch dogs with young, soon caused 
them to abort. 

72. Fowls led on this fungus lay eggs without shells. (Rou- 
lin.) 

CLINICAL REMARKS. 

It is on the sexual system of females, of which the ovaries 
constitute the Ci ultimate foci," that the poisonous properties of 
the Ustilago madis centres, and the therapeutic influence it has 
over the various diseases the female sexual system is subject to, 
cannot be surpassed by any remedy in the materia medica. In 
fact, this is our great female regulator, and must as soon as its 
great therapeutic properties are as well known as those of Se- 
cale, Puis, Bell, Sepia, Sabina, Apis, Senecio and Sulphur, take 
the head of the list. The specific affinity it has for the ovaries 
and their appendages being greater than any of the above list, 
and its anti-psoric properties being nearly equal to those of 
Sulphur, show us at once why it should rank as our first female 
remedy. In ovarian irritation, ovaritis, amenorrhea, dysmen- 
orrhea, menses premature, retarded, too scanty, too short, sup- 
. pressed, menopausis or critical age, no remedy has given me 
such pleasing and good results, and any physician will have 
reason to be as enthusiastic as I am ovor the remedy it he will 



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USTILAGO MAD1S. 819 

collect the well matured fungus as soon as the corn is nearly 
ripe, making sure to get a perfect specimen, triturate on the 
decimal scale, and keep this first decimal (which is to be made 
with pure sugar of milk) in the dark ; from this the 2d, 3d or 
6th can be prepared any time. I have used it as high as the 
15th dec, with excellent results. I presume the tincture will 
prove quite as useful, but I have not tested it. Let no man 
condemn this remedy until he has 'tried what he knows is a 
perfect specimen, and gathered and prepared in the fall. I will 
now give a few of the clinical cases the remedy has cured 
in my hands. 

Case 1. — Metrorrhagia. Mrs. H., set. 28 ; large lymphatic 
woman ; weight about 200 lbs. Oct. 27, 1866, called to at- 
tend her during labor with her third child ; had an easy labor ; 
sick four hours ; everything natural ; she stated that after each 
labor she always "flowed almost to death ;" no lady ever did 
better for eight days, but the ninth day slight flooding came 
on ; tenth day flooding was profuse and alarming ; her husband 
came in great haste, saying they had done all they could. I 
placed her hips higher than her shoulders, ordered everything sh$ 
ate or drank to be cold, and gave Ustilago 2d dec. trit., 2 grains, 
every half hour until better, then every two hours. The flood- 
ing was constant, but every few minutes a large clot of bright 
red blood would be expelled, with bearing down pains. Next 
day I found my patient free from all pain and the hsemorihage 
had entirely ceased. Continued remedy once in four hours 
• There was no return of the flooding, the cure being permanent. 

Case #. — Metrorrhagia. Mrs. B., eet. 23. Nervous temper- 
ament; third labor ; natural but slow, with feeble pains; did 
well for two weeks, when she commenced walking about the 
house; severe flooding set in; blood passed in large clots of a 
bright red color; no pain; is very weak. Gave Ustilago 2d, 
two grains every hour. Next day the haemorrhage had nearly 
ceased; I found her up and trying to work. Continued same 
remedy every two hours ; third, had no haemorrhage and con- 
valesced rapidly. 

Case 8. — Metrorrhagia. Mrs. H., aet., about 30. Nervous 
temperament; two months since miscarried, she being between 

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320 USTILAGO MADIS. 

the third and fourth month; did well for some weeks, when 
haemorrhage set in; has continued ever since, some days being 
very slight, other days profuse with large dark colored clots 
passing her; has no real pain; two physicians have prescribed 
for her without checking the haemorrhage in the least; I made 
an examination and found the placenta protruding from the os 
uteri; removed the major portion of it and the haemorrhage 
ceased at once, and did not occur again for three weeks, when 
she had a passive haemorrhage for three days; I was again call- 
ed; gave Ustilago 2d every three hours, which completely 
cured her in two days. 

Case -£. — Mrs. H., set. 32. Sanguine temperament; nursing 
a babe 14 months old; six weeks since commenced flowing 
slightly; continued three weeks, when one day she flowed pro- 
fusely, passing large quantities of coagulated, dark colored 
blood, with bearing down pains; I think she miscarried at this 
time, but she thinks not; it has been three weeks since and she 
has a constant dark colored passive haemorrhage without pain, 
feeling very weak. Gave Ustilago two grain doses, every two 
hours for four days; the haemorrhage ceased on the third day, 
but she now was suffering with violent frontal headache and 
debility; gave Bell, two days which relieved the headache, but 
did not stop it entirely; I now gave her Iron for the debility, 
which in two weeks caused a good recovery. 

Case 5. — Metrorrhagia. Mrs. H., aet. 38. Oct. 20th, two 
months ago, miscarried when three months gone; attended by 
an allopath; says afterbirth came away nicely, but has had 
constant haemorrhage ever since; tries to do her house work; 
works an hour or so and then has to go to bed; has no pain; 
says she has to use from eight to twelve cloths daily, and the 
haemorrhage is just as much at night; the blood is light color- 
ed, and frequently comes away in lumps; has a constant head, 
ache; is pale and anaemic; has been treated constantly since 
the miscarriage, without the least benefit; says now she cannot 
take the " horrid stuff" any longer. Gave Ustilago 2d every 
two hours ; in twelve hours the remedy had completely arrested 
the haemorrhage, and there was no return; convalesced rapidly 
without any more medicine. This did my soul good, and 
made one more convert to homoeopathy. 

[T» be concluded in August number.] 

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MONOGRAPH ON FEVERS. 



BT TEMPLE 8. HOYNK, A. M., M. D. v CHICAGO. 



(Concluded from page 399, June number.) 
TYPHOID FEVER. 

Remedies indicated. — Aeon apis arn ars bapt bell bry calo carb- 
veg cham chin cimicif coco cupr gelsem hyos ign iris lach lept lye 
mere mosch mur-ac natr-mur nit-ao nux vom nux mosoh op phos ph- 
ac podo pals rhus sil strain sulph sulph-ac Terat-v zan zinc. 

[Under this head are arranged the symptoms of typhoid and typhus 
fevers, the only difference between them being the duration, typhus 
being the shorter ; the character and appearance of the eruption, be- 
ing papula and appearing on the 8th day in typhoid and; macula, and 
appearing on the 3d day in typhus ; and in the abdominal lesions 
which are characteristic of typhoid, and wanting in typhus.] 

SYMPTOMS. REMEDIES. 

Anxiety, Indifference, Irritability or Insensibility, Com- 
prehension difficult, Delirium, Depression, Headache in 
forehead or temples, Pupils dilated or contracted, Photo- 
phobia, Deafness, Epistaxis, Face flushed, pale or sallow, 
Tongue coated, Offensive breath, Loss of appetite, Thirst or 
want of thirst, Taste bitter or metallic, Nausea or vomiting, ^ 
Flatulency and borborygmus, Constipation or diarrhoea, I % i 
Bloody stools, Urine too copious, too scanty or retention of *" m 
urine, Eruption miliary vesicles, Hyperesthesia of the skin, 
Sleeplessness or drowsiness, Coma-vigil, Coma, Chilliness, 
Heat, Perspiration or dryness of the skin, Pulse quick, weak, 
soft, slow, irregular or trembling, Cough, Convulsions, De- 
bility, Aggravation in the morning or at night. 

Pupils contracted — Aeon arn ars bell calo cham chin coco hyos ign 
mosch mur-ac nux-mosch nux-vom op phos ph-ac puis sil stram sulph 
zinc. 

Flickering before the Eyes. — Ars bell calc carb-veg cham chin hyos 
ign lye mur-ac nux-vom phos ph-ac puis suiph. 

Tongue dry. — Aeon apis arn ars arum bapt bell bry carb-veg cham 

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S88 MONOGBAPH ON FEVERS. 

chin hyos lach mere nuz-vom phos ph-ac pals rhus rulph sul ph-ac 
lino. 

Watery Stools. — Apis arum bell hyos iris lept mere mur-ac nux- 
vom podo puis sulph. 

Offensive Stools. — Aeon apis am ars bell bry calc carb-veg cham 
chin coco ign iris lach lept lye mere mur-ac natr-mur nit-ac nux-voni 
nuz-mosch op phos ph-ac podo puis rhus stram sil sulph sulph- ao 
sine. 

Involuntary Stools. — Aeon apis am ars bell bry carb veg chin cocc 
hyos ign lach lept mere mur-ac natr-mur nuz-vom op phos ph-ac puis 
rhus sulph zinc. 

Urine passed involuntary. — Aeon am ars bell bry calc carb-veg 
cham chin cocc hyos ign lach lyo mere mur-ac natr-mur nit-ac nux- 
mosch nux-vom op phos ph-ac podo puis rhus sil stram sulph sulph-ao 
zinc. 

Eruption papular. — Aeon apis am ars bell bry calc carb- veg cham 
cin cimicif cocc cupr gelsem lye mere mosch mar ao nuz vom natr- 
mur nitac phos ph ac puis rhus sil sulph sulph ac zinc. 

Falling out of the Hair. — Ars bell calc carb veg ign lach lyo 
mere natr mur nit ac op phos ph ac rhus sil sulph sulph ao zinc. 

Bed sores. — Am ars bell calc carb veg cham chin ign lach lyo 
mere natr mur nitae nuxvom op phos phao puis rhus sil sulph 
f ilph ao zinc. 

Parotiditis. — Am ars arum bell bry ealc carb veg cham chin coco 
eupr hyos ign lach lye mere murao natr mur nitae nuxvom phos 
ph ao puis rhus sil stram sulph sulph ao zinc. 

Frequent complications are laryngitis, oedema of the glottis, pneu- 
monia, peritonitis, erysipelas and gangrene. 

Occasional sequela are pulmonary tuberculosis and abscesses. 
SCARLET FEVER. 

Remedies indicated. — Aeon amm amm mur apis am ars arum bar 
bell bry ealc earb veg caust cham coff croc dulo euphorb gelsem hep 
hyos iod ip lach lyo mere mur ae nit ac op phos ph ao rhus stram 
sulph zinc. 

8YMPTOMS. REMEDIES. 

Irritability, Delirium, Dizziness, Headache, Deafness/ 
Epistazis, Tongue coated, dry or red, Loss of appetite, 
Thirst or want of thirst, Vomiting (rare), Offensive breath, 
* Constipation or diarrhoea, Urine too scanty, bloody or pale, 
Cough, Eruption, burning, scarlet, itching, miliary, Sleep- 
iness or Sleeplessness, Coma, Pulse, quick, vibratory, 
Foft, Chilliness (rare), Heat, with or without perspiration, 
Convulsions, Debility, Grasping at flocks. j 



O » 

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if 

5 § 

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MONOGRAPH ON PEVEBS. 823 

Skin red. — Aeon amni apis arn bell bry calc carb veg dulo euphorb 
gelsem hyos lye mere op phos ph ao rhus stram sulph zinc. 

Desquamation of the Skin. — Aeon amm amm mar ars bar bell calc 
caust cham dulc eupborb iod mere op pbos pbac rhus sulph. 

Swelling of the Skin. — Aeon amm apis arn ars bell bry calc carb - 
Teg caust dnlc eupborb hep hyos iod lach lye mere mur ao nit ac op 
phos ph ac rhus stram sulph. 

Discharge from Nose. — Excoriating the Skin. — Amm amm mur 
ars arum calc oarb veg cham euphorb hep iod lach lye mere mur ao 
nit ac phos ph ac sulph. 

Stoppage of the Nose — Aeon amm amm mur ars bar bell bry calc 
carb- veg eaust cham ooff dulo euphorb hep hyos iod ip lach lyo mere 
mur ac nit ac op phos ph ao stram sulph sine. 

Inflammation of internal ear. — Aeon amm ars bar bell, bry calc 
carb veg caust oham dulc euphorb hyos iod ip lach lyo mere mur ac 
nit ao phos ph ac rhus stram sulph zinc. 

Inflammation of sub-maxillary glands. — Aeon, amm mur, ars, arn 
arum, bell, bry, calc, carb veg, caust, cham dulc, euphorb, hep. hyos, 
iod, lach, lye, mere, mur ac, nit ac, phos, ph ao, rhus, stram, sulph, 
zinc. 

Inflammation of Larynx. — Aeon, amm, amm mur, apis, arn, ars, 
arum, bar, bell, bry, calc, carb veg, oanst, cham, coff, dulc, euphorb, 
gelsem, hep, hyos, iod, ip, laeh, lye, mere, mur ac, nit ao, op, phos, 
ph ao, rhus, stram, sulph, zinc. 

Pain on swallowing. — Aeon, amm, amm mur, ars, arum, bar, bell, 
bry, calc, carb veg, cham, coff, croc, euphorb, hep, hyos, iod, ip, laoh, 
mere, nit ac, op, phos, ph ac, rhus, stram, sulph. 

Voice Nasal. — Bell, bry, laeh, ph ao. 

Inflammation of Kidneys. — Aoon, apis, bell, hep, mere, ph ao, 
sulph, zino. 

Dropsy. — Aoon, apis, arn, ars, bell, bry, oarb veg, dulc, euphorb, 
hep, hyos, iod, ip, lach, lye, mere, mur ao, nit ac, op, phos, ph ao, 
rhus, stram, sulph. 

Complications. — Otitis, external or internal, diptheria, disease of 
the kidneys and formation of emboli. 

Sequels. — Otitis, renal diseases, pleuritis, pericarditis, dropsy and 
articular rheumatism. 

Spotted Fever or Gerebro-Spinal Meningitis, 

Remedies indicated. — Aeon, ang, arn, bapt, bell, bry, eamph, 
eanth, oham, oic, cimicif, oina, coco, cupr, gelsem, hyos, ign, ip, mosoh 
nuz vom, op, plat, rhus, seo cor, stan, stram, sulph, zinc, ziz. 



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8$4 MONOOBAPH ON FEVERS. 



SYMPTOM8. REMEDIES. 

GO 



s © 

u 

o b 



5 § 



Anxiety, gayety, indifference or irritability, Comprehension ' 
difficult, Delirium, Dizziness; Headache, Pupils dilated or 
contrated, Photophobia, diplopia, strabismus, Deafness, 
Tongue coated, Loss of appetite, Thirst or want of thirst, 
Nausea or vomiting, Constipation as a rule, diarrhcea, Urine }> SL*S. 
increased, Eruption petechia, Hyperesthesia, Coma, Pulse *"* 
slow, frequent, small, soft, Chilliness, Heat, Skin, dry or 
moist, Convulsions, Grasping at flocks, Aggravation at 
night. 

Pupils Contracted. — Aeon, ang, arn, bell, camph, canth, cham, cic, 
cina, cocc, hyos, ign, mosch, nuz vom, op, sec cor, stan, stram, sulph, 
zino. 

Diplopia. — Bell, cham, cic. cimicif, gelsem, hyos, sec cor, strain, 
sulph. 

Strabismus. — Bell, cina, gelsem, hyos, sulph. 

Eruption papular. — Aeon, arn, bell, bry, canth, cham, cina, cimicif, 
coco, cupr, gelsem, mosch, nuz vom, rhus, stram, sulph, zinc, ziz. 

Eruption, herpes labialis.— Bell, bry, cic, coco, cupr, hyos, mosch, 
nuz vom, rhus, stan, sulph, zinc. 

Palpitation of the heart. — Aeon, ang, arn, bapt, bell, bry, camph, 
canth, cham, cocc, cupr, gelsem, hyos, ign, ip, mosch, nuz vom, op, 
plat, rhus, sec cor, sulph, zinc. 

Respiration oppressed. — Aeon, ang, arn, bapt, bell, bry, camph, 
canth, cham, cic, cimicif, cina, cocc, cupr, gelsem, hyos, ign, ip, 
mosch, nuz vom, op, plat, rhus, sec cor, stan, stram, sulph, zinc, ziz. 

Difficulty of co-ordinating movements. — Ang, arn, bell bry, camph, 
canth, cham, cic, cimicif, cina, cocc, cupr, gelsem, hyos, ign, ip, 
mosch, nuz vom, op, plat, rhus, sec cor, stan, stram, sulph, zinc, ziz. 

Subsultus tendinum.- Arn bell bry cham cic cina cocc cupr gelsem 
hyos ign ip plat rhus sec cor stan sulph ziz. 

Opisthotonos. — Ang, bell, canth, cham, cic, cocc, hyos, ign, ip, nuz 
vom, op, rhus, sec cor, stan, stram. 

Aggravation from Noise. — Aeon, ang, am, bapt, bell, bry, cham, 
ign, ip, nux vom, plat, stan, zinc, ziz. 

Aggravation from Light. — Aeon, arn, bell, bry, camph, cham, cic, 
cina, cocc, cupr, gelsem, hyos, ign, nux vom, plat, rhus, stan, stram, 
sulph, zinc, ziz. 

Aggravation from Motion. — Aeon ang, arn, bapt, bell, bry, camph, 
oanth, cham, cic, cimicif, cina, cocc, cupr, gelsem, hyos, ign, ip, 
mosch, nuz vom, op, plat, rhus, see cor, stan, stram, sulph, zinc, ziz. 

Aggravation from pressure over the spine. — Aeon, ang, arn, bapt, 
bell, bry, camph, cimicif, cina, cupr, gelsem, hyos, ign, ip, mosoh* 
nuz vom, plat, rhus, stram, sulph, zinc. 



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MONOGRAPH ON FEYEB& 826 

Yellow Fever, 
Remedies indicated. — Aeon, apoe s, am, ars, bell, bry, camph, 
canth, carb veg, chin, cimicif, cupr, eup perf gelscm, ip, mere, nux 
vom, rhus verat a, verat v. 

SYMPTOMS. REMEDIES. 

Anxiety, gayety, hopelessness, indifference or insensibil- ' 
ity, Delirium, Dizziness, Headache, forehead chiefly, Photo- 
phobia, Epistaxis, Face flushed, pale or yellow, Tongue 
coated. Loss of appetite, Thirst, Nausea and vomiting, Con- 
stipation, generally, diarrhoea, Bloody stools, Urine scanty \ 2L*£- 



I* 

SB 






< 

-•S 



and bloody or retention Eruption petechia, occasionally, 
Tenderness of epigastrium on pressure, Coma, Pulse slow, 
weak, vibratory, compressible or irregular, Chilliness follow- 
ed by heat, Perspiration or dry skin, Convulsions, Debility. 

Eyes red. — Aeon, am, ars bell, bry, camph, canth, carb veg, chin, 
cimicif, gelsem, ip, mere, nux vom, rhus, verat a. 

Eyes fixed — Aeon, am, ars, bell, bry, camph, canth, chin, cupr, 
eup perf, mere, nux vom, rhus, verat a. 

Eyes watery. — Aeon, arn, ars, bell, bry, camph, canth, carb veg f 
chin, cimicif, eup perf, gelsem, mere, nux vom, rhus, verat v. 

Hemorrhage from the ears. — Bell, bry, mere, rhus. 

Hamorrhage from the gums. — Arn, ars, bell, bry, canth, carb veg, 
chin, mere, nux vom, rhus. 

Epistaxis. — Aeon, arn, ars, bell, bry, canth, carb veg, chin, ip, 
mere, nux vom, rhus, verat a. 

Hemorrhage from uterus. — Aeon, am, ars, bell, bry, canth, carb 
veg, chin, ip, mere, nux vom, rhus. 

Vomiting of blood. — Aeon, arn, ars, bell, bry, camph, canth, carb 
veg, chin, cupr, ip t mere, nux vom, rhus, verat a, verat v. 

Stools, white. — Aeon, arn, ars, bell, carb veg, chin, mere, nux 
vom, rhus, verat a. 

Pain in loins and extremities. — Aeon, apoe a, arn, ars, bell, bry, 
camph, canth, carb veg, chin, cimicif, cupr, eup perf, gelsem, ip, mero 
nux vom, rhus, verat a, verat v. 

Lividity of the back. — Aeon, am, ars, bell, bry, camph, carb veg> 
chin, cupr, ip, mere, nux vom, verat a. 

Jaundice. — Aeon, arn, ars, bell, bry, canth, carb veg, chin, cupr, 
gelsem, mere, nux vom, rhus, verat a. 

Yellow fever is occasionally complicated with remittent fever. 
Bemittent Fever. 

Principal remedies indicated. — Aeon, ars, bell, bry, cale, caps, 
cham, chin, cor cir, eup perf, gelsem, ign, ip, iris, lept, lye, nux vom, 
podo, rhus, sabad, samb, verat a. 



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886 MONOQBAPH ON FEVERS. 

8THPTOH8. REMEDIES. 

Delirium, Dizziness and headache, Face pale, red or sal- 1 § §? 
low, Epistaxis, rare, Tongue coated, Nausea and vomiting, . . B <* 
Constipation, usually, Tenderness of the epigastrium on 



I ° B 

© 



pressure, Urine scanty and dark or suppressed, Cough, oc 
casionally, Pulse generally slower than in health, Chilliness 
heat and sweat, Debility, Aggravation in the forenoon. 

Vomiting of green or yellow matter, — Aeon, ars, bell, bry, calc, 
chant, chin, eup per/, ign, ip, lye, nux vom, podo, rhus, sabad, verat a. 

Stools white. — Aeon, ars, bell, calc, cham, chin, ign, nux vom, po- 
do, rhus, verat a. 

Spleen swollen. — Aeon, ars, bell, bry, caps, cham, chin, eup perf, 
ign, ip, lyo, nux vom, podo, rhus, sabad, verat a. 

Jaundice. — Aeon, ars, bell, bry, calc, cham, chin, gelsem, ign, lept, 
lye, nux vom. podo, rhus, sabad, verat a. 

Pains in loins and extremities » — Aeon, ars. bell, bry, calc, caps, 
cham, chin, cor cir, eup perf, gelsem, ign, ip, iris, lept, lye, nux vom, 
podo, rhus, sabad, samb, verat a. 

Herpes labialis. — Ars, bell, bry, calc, caps, lye, nux vom, rhus, sa- 
bad, verat a. 

Periodical aggravation.-rAcon, ars, bell, bry, calc, caps, cham, 
chin, cor cir, eup perf, gelsem, ign, ip, iris, lept, lye, nux vom, podo, 
rhus, sabad, samb, verat a. 

Sequels. — Intermittent and typhoid fevers. 

Remittent fever is sometimes complicated with typhoid fever, and 
is then known as typho-malarial fever, which partakes of the symp- 
toms of typhoid and the periodicity of remittent. 
Intermittent Fever. 

Principal remedies indicated. — Amm mur, ant t, apis, am, ars, 
bell, bry, cact, calc, carb veg, caust, cham, chin, cina, coco, coff, cor 
cir, cor f, eup perf, eup pur, gelsem, hyos, ign, ip, lye, mere, natr 
mur, natr sulph, nit ac, nux vom, op, podo, puis, rhus, sabad, samb, 
sep, sil, spig, stan, stram, sulph, thuj, verat a. 

[Note. — In this article I have copied very generously from BoBnninghausen's 
work on intermittent fever, and have followed his plan throughout, inserting the 
following remedies not contained in his work, viz., apis, cact, cor cir, cor f, eup 
perf, eup pur, gelsem, natr sulph, podo, J 

General Chilliness. — Amm mur, ant t, apis, am, ars, bell, bry, 
cact, calc, caps, carb veg, caust, cham, chin, cina, cocc, coff, cor cir, 
corn f, eup perf, eup pur, gelsem, hyos, ign, ip, lye, mere, natr mur, 
nafer sulph, nit ao, nux vom, op, podo, rhus, sabad, samb, sep, sil, spig, 
stan, stram, sulph, thuj, verat a. 

General chilliness with partial heat. — Bell, calc, cham, ohin, eina 
ign, lye, rhus, thuj. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



MONOGRAPH ON FEVERS. $87 

External chilliness.— Ars, bell, calo, chin, ign, natr sulph nux. 
vom, rhus. 

Internal chilliness. — Ars, calc, canst, chin, ign, ip, lye, mere, natr 
sulph, ail, thuj. 

Partial chilliness. — Brj, caps, canst, chin, ign, rhus, samb, spig, 
thuj. 

General heat. — Ant t, apis, am, ars, bell, bry, cact, calo, caps, carb 
Teg, canst, cham, chin, cina, coff, corn f, eup perf, eup pur, gelsem, 
hyos, ign, ip. lyo, mere, natr mur, nit ac, nux vcm, op, podo, puis, 
rhus, sabad, samb, sil, spig, stan, strain, sulph, verat a. 

General heat with partial chills. — Bry, chin, ign, samb, thuj. 

General heat with partial sweat. — Ant t, chin, puis, sep. 

External heat. — Ars, ign, mere, rhus, sil, thuj. 

Internal heat. — Ars, calo, carb Teg, nux vom, puis, stan, sulph, 
verat a. 

Partial heat. — Bell, bry, calc, cham, chin, corn cir, ign, ip, lye, 
nit ac, natr sulph, rhus, sep, sil, spig, stram, sulph, thuj. 

General sweat. — Ars, bell, bry, cact, caps, carb veg, canst, cham, 
chin, cina, coff, corn cir, eup perf, eup pur, gelsem, hyos, ign, ip, lye, 
mere, natr mur, natr sulph, nit ao, nux vom, op, podo, puis, rhus, sa- 
bad, sep, sil, star, stram, sulph, thuj, verat a. 

Partial sweat. — Bry, caps, caust, chin, eup perf. eup pur, ign, rhus, 
samb, spig, thuj. 

Chills and heat at the same time. — Ars bell natr mur nit ac nux 
vom puis sabad sil thuj verat a. 

Chills predominant. — Am, ars, bell, bry, caps, chin, cina, cocc, coff 
eup pur, hyos, ign, lye, natr sulph. 

Chills and heat at the same time, then sweat. — Calc, sulph. 

Chills and heat in alteration. — Ars ant-t bell calo chin corn-cir 
eup-perf lye mere nux-vom sabab spig sulph verat a. 

Chills and heat in alteration, then sweat. — Corn cir. 

Chills then heat — Am ars bell bry cact carb-veg caust cham chin 
cina coff corn-cir ign ip lye mere natr- mur nit-ac nux-vom op puis sa- 
bad sep sil spig stram sulph. 

Chills, afterwards heat with sweat. — Ant-t bell caps chin corn-cir 
eup-perf natr-mur nit-ae nux-vom op puis rhus sabad spig sulph. 

Chills, afterwards heat, then sweat. — Ars bry eact caps carb-veg 
caust chin cina eup-perf eup-pur gelsem ign ip lye natr-mur uit-ac 
nux-vom op puis rhus sabad samb sep sil sulph verat-a. 

Chills then sweat. — Bry cact caps caust cham lyo natr-mur natr. 
sulph op podo rhus sep thuj verat. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MONOGRAPH ON FEVEBS. 

Heat predominant. — Ant-t ari bell eaet oale cham chin coff eup- 
perf gelsem byos ip mere natr-mur nit-ac nux-vom op pals rbus sabad 
samb sep strain salpb. 

Heat, tben chills. — Bry oalo caps caust cbin eup-pur ign mere natr 
mnr nit-ac nux-vom puis sep stan sulpb thuj. 

Heat, tben chills, then again heat. — Stram. 

Heat with chills, then again sweat. — Caps. 

Heat, then sweat. — Amm-mur ant-t ars calc carb-veg cbin coff corn- 
cir. 

Heat with sweat. — Op stram. 

Heat with sweat, then chills. — Stan. 

Sweat predominant. — Cham corn-cir nit-ac nux-vom op rbus samb 
sil stan stram thuj. 

Sweat, tben chills.— Corn-cir. 

Sweat, then chills, then sweat. — Nux-vom. 

Sweat, then heat. — Nux-vom. 

PECULIAR PROPERTIES OP THE SWEAT. 

Sweat exhausting. — Ars calo chin mere samb sep stan. 

Sweat coloring yellow. — Ars mere. 

Sweat cold. — Ars caps cbin cina corn-cir mere sep sulpb verat-a. 

Sweat viscous. — Ars calc corn-cir lye mere nux-vom op. 

Sweat sour. — Am bry carb-veg caust ip lye mere nit-ac rbus sep 
sil sulpb vera t- a. 

Sweat fetid. — Merc nit-ac nux-vom sil spig sulpb. 

Sweat about the head. — Cham eup-pur op rbus sep. 

Sweat all over except the head. — Thuj. 

Sweat in the face. — Ars calc carb-veg cham mere natr-sulph rbus 
samb sep. 

Sweat on the forehead. — Ant-t chin eup-pur nux-vom sabad verat-a. 

Sweat on the chest. — Rhus sep. 

Sweat on the back. — Chin sep. 

Sweat on the hands. — Ars calc cham sulpb. 

Sweat on the genitals. — Gelsem natr-sulph. 

Sweat on the legs. — Calo eup-pur sep. 

Sweat oh the feet. — Calc sulpb. 

THIRST, WHEN PRESENT. 

During the fever. — Ars bell bry cact calc cham eup-pur mere nux- 
com podo puis. 

Before the chills. — Amm-mur arn caps chin eup-perf eup-pur nux- 
vom puis. 

During the chills. — Arn bell bry caps carb-veg chin cina eup-perf 






Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MONOGRAPH ON FEVERS. 

ign natr-mur natr-sulph nux-vom podo puis rhus sabad sulph thuj 
verat-a. 

After the chills. — Chin eup-pur natr-sulph sabad thuj. 

Before the heat. — Chin natr-mur puis sabad. 

During the heat. — Ant-t ars bry cact caps carb-veg cham ehin eina 
coff eup-perf eup-pur hyos ip mere natr-mur nux-vom op podo puis 
rhus sabad sep sil spig stan sulph verat-a. 

After the heat. — Chin coff nux-vom stan stram. 

Before the sweat. — Coff t&uj. 

During the sweat. — Ars cact cham chin coff mere rhus sabad. 

After the sweat. — Lye. 

After the fever. — Ant-t ars chin natr-mur nux-vom. 

THIRST, WHEN ABSENT. 

During the fever. — Ant-t bell calo caps carb-veg caust natr-mur 
nux-vom sabad sep spig. 

During the chills. — Ars bell bry carb-veg chin cina cup-pur ip 
mere natr-mur natr-sulph nit-ac nux vom op puis rhus sabad stram. 

During the heat. — Ant-t ars bell bry calc caps carb-veg caust chin 
cina coff ign mere natr-mur nit-ac puis rhus safaad samb sep stram 
thuj. 

During the sweat. — Bry caps caust ign natr-sulph puis sabad samb 
stram verat-a. 

AILMENTS ACCOMPANYING , THE FEVER. 
1. BEFORE THE FEVER. 

Anguish. — Chin. 
Burning in the eyes. — Rhus. 
Chilliness. — Cact puis. 
Coldness of the feet. — Carb-veg. 
Dry cough.— Eup-perf. 
Diarrhoea — Corn-f rhus. 
Diarrhoea, slimy. — Puis. 
Drowsiness by day. — Puis. 
Fainting fit. — Ars. 
Faintishness. — Ars calc. 
Fingers stiff. — Eup-perf. 
Heaviness of the limbs and head. — Calc. 

Headache. —Ars bry carb-veg chin corn-f eup-pur natr-mur puis 
rhus. 

Inclination to vomit.— Cina. ' 

Inclination to lie down. — Ars. 
Increase of mucus in the mouth. — ithus, 
24 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



SSO MONOGRAPH ON FEVERS. 

Nausea. — Chin corn-f lye puis. 
Pain in the bones. — Am carb-veg eup-perf, 
Pain in the abdomen. — Ars corn-f. 
Pain in the back. — Ars ip podo. 
Pain in the chest. — Ars. 
Palpitation of the heart. — Chin. 
Ravenous hunger. — Chin. 
Rending pain in the joints. — Calc. 
Rending pain in the limbs. — Ars cina. 
Sneezing. — Chin. 

Stretching of the limbs. — Ars calc carb veg rlw\ 
Sweat. — Samb. 
Toothache. — Carb-veg. 
Vertigo. — Ars bry puis. 
Vomiting — Cina corn-f lye puis. 
Want of appetite. — Corn-f puis. 
Weariness and drowsiness. —Corn-f rhus. 
Yawning. — Ars eup-perf rhus. 

2. DURING THE FEVER. 

Aggravation of other symptoms. — Ars. 

Ailments of the chest. — Ars bry chin ip. 

Anguish, — Ars calc chin eup-perf nux-vom vera t- a. 

Apoplectic fit. — Nux-vom. 

Appetite, want of. — Chin eup-pur lach. 

Appearance of new symptoms. — Ars. 

Aversion to every kind of food. — Ars. 

Bilious ailments. — Cham nux-vom puis. 

Bitterness of mouth. — Ars. 

Cerebral symptoms. — Op stram. 

Coated tongue. — Nux-vom. 

Colic. — Ars calc chin rhus sep sulph. 

Congestion of blood to the head.— Ars sep sulph. 

Constipation. — Bell coco lyo nux-vom verat-a. 

Cough. — Ars calc chin ip sulph, 

Cough, dry. — Bry eup-pur. 

Cough, nightly. — Hyos. 

Diarrhoea— Ars rhus sulph. 

Delirium. — Nux-vom. 

Desire for cold and acid drinks. — Eup-pur. 

Distension of veins. — Chin. 

Dullness of mind. — Ip. 

Eructations. — Carb-veg nux-vom. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MONOGRAPH ON FEVERS, SSI 

Eruption on the lips. — Ars natr-mur nux-vom. 
Headache. — Ars hry cact chin eup-perf ip lye natr-mur nux-vom 
podo sep spig. 

Inability to recollect. — Ars natr-mur sep. 

Gastric symptoms.— Cham ip nux-vom puis sabad. 

Lassitude of the legs. — Ars chin. 

Nausea. — Ars eup-pur ip lyo. 

Nettle rash. — Rhus. 

Nervous irritability. — Bell. 

Oppression of the ehest. — Ip. 

Pain in the liver. — Chin. 

Paiu in the face. — Spig. 

Pain in the joints. — Ars calo carb-veg chin lyo sep sulph. 

Pain in the hack. — Ars calo caust lye natr-mur. 

Pain in the stomach. — Ars lye nux-vom sep sil sulph. 

Pain intolerable. — Ars cham. 

Pain rheumatic. — Ars lye. 

Paralytic weakness. — Ars. 

Paralytic feeling in the limbs.— Nux-vom. 

Palpitation of the heart. — Rhus sop sulph. 

Pressure at the pit of the stomach. — Rhus. 

Pressure at the stomach. — Sep. 

Ravenous hunger. — Chin cina. 

Snoring. — Op. 

Spasms.— Coco. 

Spasms of the stomach.— Coco. 

Sleepiness. — Natr-mur sep. 

Sleeplessness. — Chin eup-perf. 

Sleep, restless with frightful dreams. — Eup-pur. 

Somnolence. — Op. 

Stitches in the side. — Bry nux-vom. 

Stitches in the abdomen. — Bry nux-vom. 

Swelling of pit of stomach. — Rhus. 

Stool delaying. — Bell coco nux-vom verat a. 

Tremor. — Ars cal<? natr-mur sep. 

Twitching of the limbs. — Op. 

Taste in mouth bitter — Sep. 

Urine brown and foetid.— Sep. 

Uneasiness. — Ars calc sil. 

Vertigo. — Ars bry chin nux-vom sep sulph verat-a. 

Vomiting. — Ars chin oina eup-pur eup-perf ip lye sulph. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MONOGRAPH ON FEVERS. 
Vomiting of bile. — Cham chin nux-vom puis. 
Vomiting sour. — Lye. 
Vomit, inclination to. — Sep verat-a. 
Weakness. — Eup perf. 

3. DURING THE CHILLS. 

Anguish. — Ars caps puis. 

Appetite, want of. — Sil. 

Bitterness of month — Ars cup-pcrf. 

Breathing, difficulty of.— Ars natr-mur. 

Coldness in the abdomen. — Ars. 

Coldness of hands and feet. — Eup-pur 

Contraction of the limbs. — Caps. 

Cough. — Bry calc sabad sulph. 

Diarrhoea. — Ars eup-perf sulph. 

Dullness of the mind. — Caps. 

Delirium. — Sulph. 

Desire for lemonade. — Eup-pur. 

Drinking a great deal. — Am. 

Face Pale. — Natr-sulph. 

Hands, Deadness of. — Sep. 

Heacjache — Ars bry caps cina eup-perf eup-pur natr-mur sep. 

Heat of the cheeks. — Calc cham. 

Heat in forehead. — Calc. 

Heat in the face, — Bell calc cham chin lye rhus. 

Internal heat of head. — Natr-sulph. 

Inability to recollect. —Ars caps podo stram. 

Intolerance of noise. — Caps. 

Loathing of food and drink. — Bry. 

Lassitude. — Ars calc carb-veg caust. 

Limbs, painful weariness of. — Rhus. 

Laying down, desire of.— Bry. 

Nails blue.-Cocc eup-pur natr-mur nux-vom. 

Nausea.-Ars bry cina corn-f eup-perf eup-pur ign lye sep verat-a. 

Obtusion of the head.-Calc. 

Oppression of the chest.-Ars bry ip puis. 

Pain in the limbs. -Ars caps eup-pur podo rhus sep sulph. 

Pain in the limbs, rending, — Bry caps lye rhus sabad. 

Pain in the pit of the stomach. — Ars. 

Pain in the hip. — Rhus.' 

Pain in the bones. — Ars natr-mur. 

Pain in thc'small of the back. — Ars calc caps eup-perf. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



MONOGRAPH ON FEVEHS. SSS 

Pain in the liver. — Chin nux-vom verat-a. 

Pain in the abdomen. — Ars calc chin corn f ign nit-ac podo sep. 

Pain in the stomach. — Lye sil sulph. 

Pain in the ribs. — Sabad. 

Pain in the calves. — Rhus. 

Pain in general. — Ars. 

Pain in the back. — Ars calc caps canst eup-perf byos ign natr mnr 
puis verat-a. 

Paralysis, sense of in the legs. -Ars ign. 

Peevishness. — Ars. 

Redness of cheeks. — Bry lye. 

Redness of face.-— Ars bry chin lye rhus. 

Sleep. — Nux-vom op. 

Shivering. — Eupperf eup-pur. 

Spasms of the chest. — Ars. 

Spitting. — Caps. 

Somnolence. — Natr-mur. 

Stitches in the chest. — Bry. 

Stretching. — Ars bry caust caps. 

Stupefaction. — Natr-mur. 

Swelling of the spleen. — Caps. 

Tastelessness of food. — Ars. 

Teeth, chattering of. — Cact caps natr-mur natr-sulph nux-vom sa 
bad. 

Trembling. — Eup-perf. 

Uneasiness. — Calc caps sil. 

Vertigo. — Calc sulph verat-a. 

Vomiting. — Cina cornf eup-perf ign. 

Vomiting of bile. — Ars cina eup-perf ign. 

Vomiting of mucus. — Caps ign puis. 

Vomiting of food. — Ign. 

Vomit, inclination to. — Ars. 

Yawning. — Ars bry caps caust natr-mur. 

4. DURING THE HEAT. 

Anxiety. — Ars mere nux-vom strain. 
Appetite, want of. -Ars eup-pur. 
Bitterness in the mouth.-Ars sep. 
Burning in the hands. -Nux-vom. 
Burning in the lips.- Chin. 
Chilliness during motion.-Nux-vom rhus. 
Coldness of the feet. --Ign. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



SSlf. MONOGRAPH ON FEVERS. 

Coldness of the forehead. — Chin cina. 

Consciousness, loss of. — Ars uatr-mur sep. 

Coryza, fluent. — Eup-pur. 

Delirium. — Cact gels em podo puis. 

Drinks little. — Am eup-perf. 

Desire for cold and acid drinks. — Eup-perf. 

Dryness of lips. — Rhus. 

Dullness of mind. — Corn-f natr-mur. 

Ears, humming in. — Nux-vom. 

Eyes, weakness of. — :Natr-mur sep. 

Fingers, deadness of. — Thuj. 

Face, paleness of. — Ars oina lyo rhus sep. 

Face, redness of. — Carb-veg chin coff eup-pur ign lye nux-vom sep 
spig stram sulph verat-a. 

Face, swelling of. — Ars. 

Faintishness. — Bell calc mere natr-mur nux-vom. ' 

Headache. -Ant-t ars cact calc caps carb-veg cina corn-cir corn-f 
eup-perf eup-pur gelsem ign natr-mur nux-vom puis sabad sep sil. 

Heaviness of the limbs.-Calc. 

Hunger ravenous.-Cina. 

Inability to remain lying.-Cact. 

Inability to recollect.-Ars natr-mur sep. 

Jerking of the limbs. -Gelsem. 

Lachrymation. — Eup-pur. 

Loquacity. — Podo. 

Mouth, dryness of. — Nit-ac nux-vom sep sulph. 

Nausea. — Ars carb-veg eup-perf eup-pur ip nit-ac nux-vom sep. 

Obscuration of light, — Natr-mur. 

Obtusion of the head. — Ars cham sep. 

Oppression of the chest. — Ars cact carb-veg ip. 

Pain in the legs. — Carb-veg. 

Pain in one leg. — Gelsem. 

Pain in the throat. — Sep. 

Pain in the chest. — Ars caps carb-veg ip nux-vom. 

Pain in the liver. — Ars. 

Pain in the limbs. — Ars calc caps carb-veg puis sep sulph* 

Pain in the bones. — Ign natr-mur puis. 

Pain in the abdomen. — Ars caps carb-veg cina. 

Pain in the back. — Caps ign natr-mur. 

Pain in the stomach.— Carb-veg cina. 

Pains, labor-like. — Puis. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



MONOGRAPH ON FEVBBS. 835 

Painful ness of the body. — Puis strain. 
Palpitation of the heart. — Sep sulph. 
Pituita in the mouth, Increase of. — Hyos. 
Redness of skin. — Ars. 
Starting when falling asleep. — Puis. 
Starting when asleep. — Ars caet lye, 
Shiverings, internal. — ;Ign. 
Shortness of breath. — Ars caot lyo. 
Sick feeling, internal. — Sulph. 
Sleepiness. — Puis. 
Sleep. — Ign op strain verat-a. 
Somnolence. — Op verat-a. 
Sleeplessness.-Nit-ac puis. 
Sopor.--Op. 

Stretcbing.-Calc rhus sabad. 
Stupefaction.-Cact cor-f op pnls. 
Taste in the mouth, putrid. -Hyos. 
Taste in the mouth, bad. --Caps. 
Tenesmus, unsuccessful. -Caps. 
Throat, dryness of. — Nit ac. 
Tongue, coated. — Ars. 
Tongue dry. — Ars. 
Tremor. — Ars calc eup perf sep. 
Uneasiness. — Ant t ars calc cact. 
Urinating frequently. — Bell lye. 
Urine red.— Nux vom. 

Vertigo. — Ars bell carb veg ign nux vom puis sep. 
Vomiting. — Ars eup pur eup perf ip nux vom. 
Vomiting of mucus. — Nux vom. 
Vomiting of bile. — Cina eup -perf. 
Vomiting of food. — Nux-vom. 
Vomiting of water. — Nux-vom. 
Weakness. — Are ign. 
Uterine region, pulsating pain. — Caet. 
Yawning. — Sabad. 

6. DURING THB SWEAT. 

Anxiety. — Calc. 

Chilliness during motion. — Eup-perf nux-vom. 

Congestion of blood to the head. — Thuj. 

Ears, roaring in.- — Ars. 

Faintishness. — Ars chin sulph. 

Face, paleness of. — Verat-a. 

Fingers become shrivelled. — Merc. 

Head, heaviness of.— Caust. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



836 MONOGBAPH ON FEVERS. 

Head, pain in — Eup-perf rhus. 

Head, roaring in. — Caust. 

Heart, palpitation of — Merc. 

Nausea. — Merc thuj. 

Sleep. — Cina eup-perf nit-ac natr-sulph podo sabad. 

Slumber — Rhus 

Tenesmus. — Sulph. 

Tingling in the skin. — Nux-vom. 

Vomiting. — Sulph 

Waking up — Natr-mur nit-ac. 

6. AFTER THE FEVER AND DURING THE APYREXIA. 

Appetite, want of. — Ars caps carb-veg chin cocc ip natr-mur nux-vom podo pul p 
sabad. 

Breathing, difficulty of, in the night. — Ars ign mere nux-vom op rhus samb svlpb 

Chilliness. — Biy caps cocc natr-mur sabad sil verat-a 

Congestion of blood to the head. — Am chin lye nux-vom sep sulph. 

Coryza dry. — Calc carb-veg natr-mur nit-ac puis rhus sep sil sulph. 

Constipation. — Bry calc carb-veg chin cocc lye natr-mur nux-vom op sabad sil 
stram sulph verat-a. 

Convulsions —Ars bell calc caust cham cina hyos ign ip mere nux-vom op stan 
stram verat-a. * 

Cough — Arn ars ant-t beH bry chin cina co«-c hyos ign ip mere natr -mur nux 
vom op puis sep sil stan sulph. 

Cough, hooping. — Arn 'bell calc caust cham cina hyos ign mere nux-vom op stan 
stram verat-a 

Diarrhoea. — Ant-t ars cham chin corn-f ign mere nit-ac puis rhus verat-a 

Dimsighteaness. — Calc cocc lye mere natr-mur sep sil stan sulph thuj. 

Ears, pain in. — Bell nit-ac puis samb spig sulph. 

Ears, painful straining in. — Bell cham cina rhus spig. 

Emaciation. — Ars carb-veg chin mere nux-vom op. 

Erysipelas. — Bell mere rhus sulph. 

Eructations empty. — Ai<t-t arn ars bry calc carb-veg cocc lye nit-ac sep stan. 

Eructations bitter. — Arn bry calc puis. 

Eructations putrid. — Arn nux-vom puis sulph. 

Eructations sour. — Lye natr-mur nux-vom sulph. 

Eructations tasting of the ingeeta. — Puis sil. 

Eyes, ailments of. — Ant-t bell natr-mur nit-ac rhus spig. 

Exercise, aversion to. — Bell bry caps cham chin cocc ign mere nux-vom op puis 
rhus saban *pig stram sulph verat-a. 

Face, paleness of. — Carb-veg chin cina ign lye puis stan sulph verat-a. 

Face, blueness of. — Bell hyos op samb. 

Face, bloatedness of.- -Ars bry hyos lye nux-vom sep. 

Face, yellowness of — Ars caps chin natr-mur nux-vom rhus sep. 

Face, heat of. — Arn cham lye nux-vom sabad spig verat-a. 

Face, redness of. — Bell bry caps hyos op rhus samb stram verat-a. 

Faintishness.-~Arn ars calc carb-veg caust chin cina cocc ign ip lye natr-mur 
nit-ac nux-vom op puis sabad verat-a. 

Feet, coldness of. — Carb-veg hyos lye rhus sep sil. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



MONOGRAPH ON FEVERS. SS7 

Feet, swelling of — Bry caps caust chin lye nux-vom puis sep ail. 

Feeling of comfort as if in health. — Cact. 

Fits, fainting. — Cham chin nux-vom puis stram. 

Fits, suffocating — Ars bell ip samb verat-a. 

Glandular affections. — Bell cocc sulph. 

Gums, bleeding of. — Calc carb-veg mere natr-mnr nit-ac sep snlph. 

Gastric symptoms. — Bell bry cham coff corn-f ign ip nux-vom puis rhus. 

Hands, coldness of. — Carb-veg lut-ac rhus spig. 

Hands, swelling of. — Calc lye stan. 

Headache. — Ars bell bry caps carb-veg chin cocc gelsem ign natr-mur nux-vom 
op puis rhus sep stan. 

Hearing, excessive sensitiveness of. — Am bell coff ign mere sep spig. 

Hearing, hardness of— Calc lye nit-ac rhus. 

Heartburn. — Calc caps lye nux-vom sep sil sulph. 

Heat in the head. — Am ign lye sil spig. 

Hoarseness. — Bry calc caps carb-veg cham lye natr-mur nit-ac puis sep spig. 

Hunger increased. — Carb-veg chin cina lye stan sulph verat-a. 

Jaundice. — Ars bell cham chin mere nux-vom puis rhus sulph. 

Lie down, inclination to. — Bell caps nux-vom. 

Limbs, sense of paralysis. — Am carb-veg chin cocc nux-vom sil verat-a. 

Limbs, rending pain in— Calc caps carb-veg chin lye nit-ac puis. 

Limbs, stiffness of.— Cocc lye. 

Loathing of food.-Arn bell puis. 

Mamma, swelling of.-Bry calc puis. 

Menses, too early .-Ars bell bry calc carb-veg cham cocc hyos ign lye mere nux- 
vom rhus sep sulph verat-a. 

Menses, too little. -Lye natr-mur puis sabad sil sulph verat a. 
. Menses, too late.-Bell, caust chin hyos ign ip lye natr-mur puis sil sulph. 

Menses, too profuse. — Ars bell calc cham chin cina hyos ign ip lye mere natr-mur 
nux-vom op sep sil stan stram sulph. 

Menses suppressed. — Ars calc cham chin lye mere nux-vom puis sep sil sulph. 

Mouth, bad smell from. — Am cham mere nux-vom sep sulph. 

Nausea. -Ars hyos ip nux-vom rhus sabab sil. 

Oppression of the chest. — Ars caps carb-veg cocc ign natr-mur sabad samb spig 
stan stram sulph verat-a. 

Orgasm of the blood. — Lye puis sep sil. 

Pain iu the chest. — Bry puis rhus sabad spig stan. 

Pain in the joints. — Am ars bry caust cham chin cocc ign ip puis rhus sulph. 

Pain in the pit of the stomach. — Bell bry calc chin lye mere natr-mur nux-vom 
puis sabad sep sil spig stan verat a. 

Pain in the hip. — Ars bell cham mere nux-vom puis rhus. 

Pain in the liver. — Bell bry cham lye mere nux-vom puis. 

Pain in the abdomen. — Ant-t sulph. 

Pain in the kidneys. — Bell chin lye. 

Pain in the back —Am ars calc caps cham cina ign nit-ac nux-vom samb sep sil 
spig stan thuj verat-a. 

Painlessness.— Cact op stram. 

Pains, rheumatic- Ant-t am bell bry carb-veg cham caust nux-vom puis rhus 
thuj verat-a. 

25 



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SS8 MONOGRAPH ON FEVERS. 

Pain, labor like-Bell op puis. 

Pain in the stomach- Am art calc caust cocc ign lye natr-mur nux-vom pals sa- 
bad sep sil stram. n 

Palpitation of the heart-Ign mere natr-mur sep spig sulph verat-a. 

Ptyalism-Cham hyos mere nit-ac rhus spig verat-a. 

Redness of the cheeks-Caps cham chin. 

Repugnance to beer— Bell cham. 

Repugnance to bread-Bell ign lye natr-mur nux-vom nit-ac puis rhus. 

Repugnance to coffee— Bell carb-veg cham chin coff mere natr-mur nux-vom rhus 
abad spig. 

Repugnance to fat nourishment— Natr-mur. 

Repugnance to meat— Arn are bell calc carb-veg cham ign lye mere nit-ac op <•' 

puis rhus sabad sep sil sulph. 

Repugnance to milk- Am bell calc ign sep sil stan. 

Repugnance to sour things— Bell ign. 

Repugnance to sweet things— Arn ars caust ign mere nit.ac verat-a. 

Repugnance to tobacco-Aru bell calc chin ign natr-mur nux-vom rhus sep spig 
stan. 

Repugnance to warm food -Ant-t are bell cham chin cocc coff ign lye mere nux- 
vom puis sabad sil sulph verat-a. 

Senses, weakness of-Caps cham puis sil. 

Senses, excessive irritability of— Bell cham chin coff ign mere nux-vom puis. 

Sleepiness-Am bell bry calc carb-veg hyos mere op sabad spig stan stram sulph. 

Sleeplessness- Ars bell bry carb-veg chin cina coff hyos ip mere natr-mur nit-ac op 
puis rhus sil spig. j 

Smell, sensitiveness of— Bell nux-vom. 
Smell, loss of-Ant-t hyos nux-vom op puis sep sil. 
Skin, distension of— Ars bell bry chin hyos op puis rhus samb sep. 
Skin, desquamation of— Merc rhus sabad sulph verat-a. 
Somnolence— Ant-t bell cham cocc hyos op pul s rhus. 
Sopor— Cham op puis verat-a. 
Sweat too copious- \nt-t ars calc chin nux-vom. 

Spasms in the stomach— Ars bell bry calc carb-veg cham cocc ign natr-mur nux- 
vom puis sil stan sulph. 

Spasms uterine— Bry cocc ign. 
Stupefaction-Bell cocc op stan. 
Swelling of the cheeks-Cham rhus. 
Swelling of the tips of the fingers-Thuj. 

" pit of the stomach— Bry carb-veg cham coff lye nux-vom op puis 



" " spleen-Caps nit-ac nux-vom. 
" " tongue— Are bell chin mere nit-ac 
Taste of food bitter— Cham ip. 

Taste bitter- Ars bry ealc carb-veg cham Jyc mere natr-mur nit-ac puis sulph. 
Taste flat— Bry nux-vom. 

•• lost-Lye puis sil verat-a. 

" metallic— Cocc mere nux-vom rhus. 

" nauseating-Ip. 



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MONOGRAPH ON FEVEK8. 550 

Taste putrid-Bell mere nnx-vom puis. 

" saltish- An carb-veg chin mere. 

" sour--Calc ign nuv-vom sep. 
Tenia— Calc carb-veg sabad tulph. 

Throat, inflammation of-Bell cham mere nux-vom pnls rhus samb. 
Throat, roughness of -Nit ac stan. 
Throat, sore -Bell caps ign mere nit-ac nux-vom sabad. 
Tremor-Am bry chin cocc ign nux-vom op puis rhus sabad. 
Uneasiness- Ars bell cham cina sil spig. 
Urine, difficulty of passing the-Caps caust. 
Urine, urgent desire to pass the—Ant t hyos lye thuj. 
Urine, dark— Ant t bry ealc carb-veg chin mere sep. 
Urine, light colored-Thuj. 
Urine turbid. -Ant t chin ip mere. 

Vertigo— Arn ars bell bry calc caust cham cocc hyos lye nit ac nux vom op puis 
sep eil. 

Vomiting in general -Ant t chin cina hyos ip mere nux vom sep sil. 

Vomiting of bile— Ars ip mere nux vom strain verata. 

Vomiting of mucus— Merc nux vom puis. 

Vomiting of the ingesta-Ars cham ip puis nux vom. 

Weskness-Ars chin corn f lye nit ac verata. 

Weakness, nervous-Bell cham chin coflf ign nux vom puis. 

8. MORAL SYMPTOMS. 

Anguish, anxiety, despair-Ant t arn ars bell calc carb veg eaust cham cocc coff 
eup pur gelsem lye mere nit ac nux vom puis rhus sep sil sulph verata. 

Anger, quarrelsomeness, vehemence— Arn ars bell bry ealc caps carb veg eaust 
cham chin cocc coff ip lye natr mur nux vom sabad sep spig sulph verat-a. 

Cheerfulness— Caps coff gelsem natr-sulph. 

Depression of spirits, melancholy-Apis calc chin cocc coff corn cir eup perf eup 
pur gelsem ign natr mur natr sulph nit ac pocV puis sabad sep spig stan sulph thuj 
verat-a. 

Diffidence -Bell lye- 
Frenzy, delirium, rage— Ars bell cact cina gelsem hyos ign mere op podo puis sa 
bad samb stram verat a. 

Fixed ideas, thoughtlessness, absence of mind— Bell caust cham coff gelsem mere 
natr mur rhus sep stram thuj. 

Frightfulness, starting with fright- Calc cocc ign lye ip samb sep stram. 

Imaginary iilness-Calc mere podo stram. 

Indifference, insensibility-Apis cact carb veg chin cina corn cir puis sep. 

Irresoluteness, doubtfulness. — Chin ign nux vom puis. 

Irritability— Apis cact carb-veg cocc coff corn cir gelsem natr mur sulph nux vom 
sulph. 

Mood, changeable— Ant t bell ign. 

Peevishness, obstinacy, want of disposition to do anything-Arn bell cact calc 
caps caust cham chin coff corn cir ip mere nux vom puis sabad samb stain sulph 
thuj. 

Restlessness, impatience, hurriedness-Ant t apis ars bell cact cham cina gelsem 
ign ip mere nitac puis stan sulph verat a. 



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840 MONOGRAPH ON FBVKB8. 

Sadness, whining mood, melancholy— Bell cact calc cham chin coff gelsem ign 
lye natr murrhus puis sep spig stan sulph. 

APPEARANCE OF THE FEVER. 

Evening — Amm mur. ars bell bry cact cajc caps carb veg chin etna hyos lye natr- 
sulph mere nit ac nux vom op podo puis rhus sabad sep sil spig stan sulph verat a. 

Night — Amm mur ant t ars bell bry cact caust hyos ign lye natr mur aatr sul ph 
nitac nux vom op puis rhus sabad spig stram sulph thuj. 

Morning— Apis arn ars bell bry caust calc cham chin cina coff eupperf eup pur 
natr mur natr sulph nit ac nux vom op podo puis rhus sep sil stram sulph thuj 
verat a. 

Forenoon- Ars bell bry calc cact cham chin eup perf eup pur natr mur op sa- 
bad sulph. 

Afternoon— Ars bry cact caust cham chin cina coff eup pur gelsem hyos ign 
natr mur natr sulph nit ac nux vom puis rhus sabad spig stan stram sulph thuj 
verat a. 



Errata.— Page 988, 14th line from bottom, before the word dole, read enpr instead of cap* 
Page 203, "Taste tweet," for mer-ac read mur-ac. 

" 293, "Flatulency in general," for rrs read ars. 

" 893, "Borborgymus" read borborygmus, and for nerc read mere. 

" 293, "Diarrhoea," 6th line, for cec cor read see-cor. 

u 894, Oth line, for van read xan. 

" 294, ''Retention." for caps read caps. 

" 295, 2d line, for phoe read phos. 

" 295, 10th line from bottom, for mrrc read mere. 

u 299, 9th line, lor ehan read cham. 

" 296, 20th line, for ehim read chin. 

" 898, 3d line from bottom, for cops read caps. 



[For the American. Homoeopathic Observer. 1 
PHYTOLACCA OK NEUBALOIA. 

BT O. S. 8 WAN, M. »., NEWCASTLE, XXD. 

Phytolacca decandra in my hands proves to be almost a specific 
in Functional Neuralgia. I give it in doses of three to five drops 
every fifteen or twenty minutes during the attack, and during inter- 
mission smaller doses and less frequently. 



Prairie Itch. — Dr. D. Bullard writes : You request accounts of 
treatment of skin diseases. I have not much to contribute. I gen- 
erally work till I cure. But, one case may be of interest. My broth- 
er had prairie itch for nearly or quite two years and took a variety of 
remedies from a number of Homoeopathic physicians, with only par- 
tial relief. T gave him Calc,., Carb. 8 ° three pellets No. 3 daily, 
Boon every vestige of the disease disappeared. Some six months ago 
and remains well. His children also were cured by the same. 



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firiteial §fanfalhn. 



HOMGBOPATHY IN MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY. 

On reaching Milwaukee, May 21st, to attend the meeting of 
the Western Institute of Homoeopathy, we were informed that 
the Illinois State Medical (Homoeopathic) Society, at their anr 
nual meeting held the day before, (May 20th) had passed reso- 
lutions censuring Dr. E. H. Drake and myself for having sold 
out the interests of the Homoeopaths in our State University, to 
the Board of Regents, for the consideration of personal benefits 
to ourselves. I soon traced these resolutions to their author, 
Prof. Or. D. Beebe, and obtained a copy of them. I was inform- 
ed that Dr. Beebe intended to urge the passage of the same re- 
solutions by the Western Institute. 

I applied immediately to Prof. Ludlam, President of the 
Western Institute, and requested that he would, as a favor to 
me, have the matter brought up soon after organizing, that I 
might have an opportunity of making such explanations as 
would put the matter in a right light. Prof. L. thought that 
the reports should be disposed of first. The next day I was 
told that Prof. Beebe would not introduce the subject as I was 
prepared with a vindication. This astonished me very much. 
The offering of such resolutions before the Illinois Society in 
our absence, and in the absence of any representative of the 
Michigan Homoeopathic Institute, looked like a " stab in the 
dark/ 9 but we could not think that Dr. Beebe would be guilty 
of an intentional wrong, and felt satisfied . that as soon as he 
was convinced that he had been deceived he would promptly 
rectify the mistake to the extent of his ability. On this day 

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3J$ EDITORIAL OBSERVATIONS. 

(second day of meeting) I again applied to the President, Dr. 
Ludlam, to have this matter brought up, but it was not at- 
tended to until about an hour before adjournment, when I arose 
claiming the right of making a personal explanation as a mat- 
ter of privilege, and made the following statement : 

44 Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Institute : — I under- 
stand that the following preamble and resolutions were passed 
unanimously at the recent meeting of the Illinois State (Ho- 
moeopathic) Medical Society : 

Whereas, For a long series of years well directed efforts have been 
put forth to secure the appointment of a Homoeopathic Professor in 
the Michigan University at Ann Arbor, until at length success had 
well nigh crowned those efforts as indicated by a majority of the 
Board of Regents favoring the movement, and by the advanced stage 
of proceeding in the Supreme Court of the State, and 

Whereas, Just at this juncture certain Homoeopathic physicians 
4>f Detroit, apparently more anxious to promote personal interests 
than the interests of Homoeopathy did enter into an understanding 
with the Board of Regents, that for a stipulated sum to be devoted to 
the endowment of a Homoeopathic chair elsewhere than in said Uni- 
versity they will relinquish further claim to a chair in that Institution, 
thus selling out the interests of Homoeopathy for personal aggrandise- 
ment, therefore 

Resolved, That the interests of Homoeopathy demand that its prin- 
ciples be taught in the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, and 
that any attempt to compromise, or a deviation from this objeet are 
deserving the severest censure of the profession. 

Resolved, That the thanks of the profession are due to Prof. S. B. 
Thayer and those who in conjunction with him sought by persistent 
and vigilant labors to achieve a triumph at once so honorable to 
the State and of such lasting benefit to mankind. 

I was very much surprised yesterday morning to learn that 
resolutions of this character had been passed by the Illinois 
Homoeopathic Society. I have such confidence in its members 
that I am satisfied no such action would have been taken if 
they had been correctly informed of the true state of the Uni- 
versity matter in Michigan. As it is, we must wonder that 
they could have been so easily imposed upon. Would you not 
have supposed that they would naturally enquire how this affair 
is regarded by the Michigan Homoeopathic Institute ? ; that be- 
fore passing a vote of censure on two of the members of the 
Michigan Institute, and a vote of thanks to a physician who 
never been a member of this State Society, but rather an 

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EDITORIAL OBSERVATIONS. &lfi 

opponent, they would have paused ? The proposition certainly 
ooked suspicious, and I am happy to be able to show you to- 
day that if any action at all was required it should have been 
exactly the reverse of thanks to Dr. Thayer, and censure of Dr. 
Drake and myself. 

You will notice that we are not named,but it was understood 
who were intended. Members of the Illinois Society informed 
me yesterday that the censure was intended for us. We were 
the only two members of the University committee who resid- 
ed in Detroit, and we were referred to in remarks made, but 
our names were omitted. What was the design ? 

Without resorting to recriminations I propose setting this 
matter in its true light as briefly as possible. 

The resolutions contain grave charges. They declare that 
our conduct deserves the severest censure ; that we acted for our 
own personal interests; that we sold out the interests of Homoe- 
opathy in the University for our personal aggrandizement. 

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Institute, I think you 
will agree with me that if we are guilty of the perpetration of 
such wrongs we deserve not only the severest censure, but exe- 
cration ; the least punishment should be our disgraceful expul- 
sion from every Institute or Homoeopathic Society of which we 
are now members. 

If on the other hand these charges are false, if they have 
been made maliciously, and with an intention to deceive, then 
let your reprobation fall on the guilty. 

For my own vindication nothing more will be deemed neces- 
sary by this Institute than a clear showing that my acts have 
been approved by the Institute of Michigan, representing the 
homoeopathic physicians of our State, who will of course 
be considered the best judges. 

I will read the following certificate : 

" This certifies that at the Annual Meeting of the Michigan 
Homoeopathic Institute held at Grand Rapids, May 19 and 20, 
1868, Dr. Edwin A. Lodge received a vote of thanks unani- 
mously for his efficient services in the cause of Homoeopathy in 
Michigan, particularly in the direction of its introduction into 
the State University, and for the same reason was also unani- 

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844 EDITORIAL OBSERVATIONS. 

mously nominated to life membership. (Signed.) J. D. 
Craig, M. D., Secretary, 

I therefore place against the censure of the Illinois Society, 
which Dr. Beebe wishes to have endorsed byjthis Institute, 
which was obtained in ignorance of the facts of the case, the 
unqualified approval of the members of the Michigan HomoB- 
opathic Institute who have had knowledge of the matter from 
its inception to the present time. 

In addition to this I might refer to the fact that Prof. Hem- 
pel gaye it as his opinion, before the Institute, that^we should 
not have had £ny measure of success had it not been for my 
persistent efforts. These commendations were not asked for or 
sought by me, and would not be referred to here had not this 
gross injustice been attempted. 

When I went to Detroit, nine and a half years ago, there 
was no State Homoeopathic Society in existence in Michigan. 
I was told there had been one, that they (the members) had 
failed in their applicatiou to the Supreme Court for a manda- 
mus to compel the regents to fill the chair of Homoeopathy in 
the State University, and those I conversed with thought that 
further trials would be useless. The matter was not only thus 
abandoned but some even ridiculed the idea of my attempting 
to do anything, one very refined doctor, giving the opinion 
that in his judgment it would not amount to shucks ! 

Failiug in obtaining the constitution and by-laws of the old 
Society, a former officer telling me the papers were somewhere 
he believed, which was very definite and satisfactory, I issued 
a call for a convention to form a new society. In accordance 
with that call we met, as Chairman of Committee on Constitu- 
tion and By-laws I framed the Constitution under which we 
are now acting. Without any solicitation on my part I was 
unanimously elected as Secretary year after year, until my re- 
cent resignation, which was tendered on account of pressure of 
other duties. 

We have a prosperous society, some 85 members have united, 
and it has been mainly through the efforts of this organization 
that we have accomplished anything* 

Our present advantage consists in the fact that we have not 

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EDITORIAL OBSERVATIONS. SfS 

only the old law, which had remained as a dead letter for a doz- 
en years or more, but in addition, the following very important 
proviso which was added to the special appropriation for the 
benefit of the University : 

"Provided, That the Regents of the University shall carry into ef- 
fect the law which provides that there shall always be at least one 
Professor of Homseopathy in the Department of Medicine, and ap- 
point said Professor at the same salary as the other professors in this 
department, and the State Treasurer shall not pay to the Treas- 
urer of the Board of Regents any part or all of the above tax until 
the Regents shall have carried into effect this proviso." 

Prof. Hempel informed you last evening that the petition 
requesting this proviso was arranged by the Hon. Thos. D. 
Hawley and myself in my office. We desired to arrange it so 
that there should be no chance of fairly avoiding it, should 
the bill pass the Senate and be signed by the Governor. 

Over two-thirds of the homoeopathic physicians of Michigan 
signified their approval, signed and circulated petitions asking 
for the adoption of this proviso. With the very insignificant 
minority of less than one-fourth of the homoeopathic physicians 
of our State, were some who preferred a 6pecies of guerilla 
warfare, on their own responsibility, to the more open and man- 
ly contest conducted under the auspices of the Michigan Ho- 
moeopathic Institute. Prominent among these was this Dr. S. 
B. Thayer. 

Will you credit it Sir and gentlemen, that this very man, 
the same individual that opposes the Institute, and has exerted 
his power to thwart us in obtaining a just recognition of our 
rights is the man who now begs a vote of thanks to himself 
and a vote of censure on those who have successefully labored. 
Dr. Thayer sent to our Legislature a private protest against 
the prayer of our petition. I criticized this protest in the Amer- 
ican Homoeopathic Observer, page 137, March, 1867. I quote : 

" In our movement we have had allopathic opposition to contend 
with, of course. This we expected and were prepared to meet. But 
we did not look for the following : 

'•Presented to the House of Representatives by the Hon. T. D. 
Hawley, 'Protest of S. B. Thayer, of Battle Creek, against any fur- 
ther legislation to aid Homoeopathy in the University.' As Dr. Thay- 
er has for many years advocated our cause, his position is somewhat 
equivocal. We hope he may be able to give some satisfactory ex- 
planation. No one can deny his right, as a citizen of this State, pub- 
26 

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846 EDITOKIAL OBSERVATIONS. 

licly to petition or protest, in a respectful manner, before the 
Legislature. If the Doctor was standing up alone, against the 
wishes of the homoeopathic physicicans of the State, and in oppo- 
sition to thousands of petitioners, to defend or protect some public 
or private right, we could admire the man for so doing ; but if he 
has been actuated by some professional pique, we pity his weakness." 

After printing some dozen pages I sent a revised proof of the 
article on " Homoeopathy in the State of Michigan" to the Hon. 
Thos. D. Hawley that he might make any corrections neces- 
sary. He came to my office and bringing with him the protest 
of Dr. Thayer, said that he thought I had perhaps been a little 
too severe on the Doctor. After reading the protest I added to 
the article the following : 

" Since printing the above reference to Dr. Thayer's protest, the 
document itself has been handed to us, and we are pleased to be 
. able to state that although stated in the papers as 'a protest 
against any further legislation to aid homoeopathy in the Univer- 
sity,' it is evidently not intended to obstruct our movement at all. " 

" We do not agree with Dr. Thayer in this. We urge our physi- 
cians to use every influence that they can honorably bring to bear to 
obtain the concurrence of the Senate, to the appropriation for the 
benefit of the University, conditional to the appointment of a Profes- 
sor to the chair of Homoeopathy ; and have good reason to believe 
that if this is successful, the Regents will not hesitate to fill the chair 
which has so long remained vacant." 

Considering the circumstances this was treating Dr. T. with 
a great deal of forbearance. I thought so then. I think that 
his course since shows that he was not entitled to such consid- 
eration. I dealt with him so gently because we felt very 
grateful to the Doctor for his valuable services in procuring the 
passage of the original proviso creating the chair of Homoeop- 
athy; and I have very deeply regretted that Dr. Thayer, on ac- 
count of an old quarrel with Dr. Drake, his former partner, or 
for any other reason, should have been so soured in disposition 
as to keep out of our organization and throw obstacles in our 
way. He has been again and again invited to unite with the 
Institute and labor with the rest in such modes as the majority 
might deem advisable. This course would have been credit- 
able and useful, but he preferred to continue his independent 
course, guerilla like, our foe one day, and our friend the next. 

As for having acted from motives of personal interest I must 
most indignantly repel the accusation. There is no truth in it 



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EDITOKIAL OBSERVATIONS. 8$ 

whatever. It has been said that I was working for a professor- 
ship. It is true I have been repeatedly requested by our physicians 
to allow my name to be used as a candidate, but I have stead- 
ily declined. I have labored for the good of our fraternity and 
with no personal ends in view. Years ago, before I went to 
Michigan, I was ambitious enough to desire a professorship. I 
have no such wish now, and wholly disclaim having had any 
such purpose. Gentlemen will not be likely to think that per- 
sons who are so ready to judge of motives are themselves the 
most upright in intention. Not that there would be any im- 
propriety in a desire for a professor's chair. The point made 
is that I labored for homoeopathy for personal preferment, and 
this is wholly untrue. My tastes run in a different direction. 
My advocacy has been and will be that the chairs shall be filled 
by the most talented professors we may be able to secure. I ' 
know that many second rate physicians are figuring for appoint- 
ments, but it will be a most lamentable occurrence should they 
succeed. We want men of equal talent to our friend Prof. 
Hempel, and the profession will be displeased if any others are 
appointed. 

Keference may be made to some editorial remarks in the Ob- 
server, page 347, April, 1867. Notice the following points : 

1. These were written eleven months ago. Our position now 
that the Allopathic faculty have resigned, and Prof Hempel 
has been appointed is entirely different, and we should make 
no such proposition at this timid. 

2. There has been no understanding, public or private, with 
the Regents, and the six items read were merely editorial com- 
ments, and when written by me were expressive of the prefer- 
ences of our physicians then, not now. 

3. Our official action, that is the action of the committee for 
the Michigan Institute, appears by a memorial which I wrote 
June 25, 1867, which was presented to the Board of Regents, 
and approved by all the members of the committee. 

4 But if the committee had really adopted these items as 
their sentiments they would have been wholly sustained by the 
action of the Institute, as per report of proceedings, page 320, 
August, 1867, Observer. 

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848 EDITOBIAL OBSERVATIONS. 

Insinuations have been made that the Begents were offended 
-with me for my course. This is also untrue. Instead of this, 
the reading of the memorial was listened to attentively, receiv- 
ed courteously, placed on file and an invitation extended to me 
to make a speech if I desired. My intercourse with members 
of the Board has been pleasant. You may compare my me- 
morial with the protest of Dr. Thayer and see which will suffer 
most by the comparison. 

F inally, permit me to say that since the criticism of Dr. 
Thayer reierred to, there has been two regular annual meetings 
of the Michigan Institute. Dr. Thayer has been invited to 
present himself for membership. If he had any complaint to 
make there was the place to make it. He knew that I should 
be present at the Michigan Institute, and not at the Illinois So- 
ciety, which unfortunately was held at Chicago on the same 
days as our meeting at Grand Rapids, Michigan. 

If he desired thanks why did he not come before the Michi- 
gan Institute. We would give him fully all that he was en- 
titled to. 

My intercourse with Dr. Thayer at Detroit was always 
friendly until the time he presented his most imprudent protest. 

Mr. President and Gentlemen, the resolutions of the Illinois 
Society should be condemned. These offensive personalities 
should be dropped. We should unite all our forces, well dis- 
ciplined, under well qualified leaders, against the common 
enemy ; and not exert our strength in irregular conflicts, or in 
attempts to wound those who at heart are friends, really desir- 
ing the same promotion of the cause we love." 

We sat down expecting that Dr. Beebe would at once inform 
he Institute that he had acted under a misapprehension, and 
regretted that such resolutions had been offered by him at Chi- 
cago, but instead of this he took the matter up as a lawyer, 
who for a tee would try hard to make il the wrong appear the 
better reason," accused us of trying to draw wool over the 
eyes o: tnc members ; that the editorial remarks we had read 
proved the correctness of the charges made ; that the " galled 
jade win?ed ;" that the coat evidently fitted; that we were self- 
onvicted : that funds had been collected of the homoeopaths 

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EDITORIAL OBSERVATIONS. SI/9 

of Michigan to contest the matter before the Supreme Court, 
and what had become of them no one knew, the homoeopaths 
of Michigan would like to bo informed, etc.; that Dr. Thayer 
had employed counsel and was paying them out of his own 
pocket, except some few subscriptions from physicians of Mar- 
shall ; that we had stolen Dr. Thayer's thunder and had given 
an untrue version of his protest ; that Dr. Thayer did not pro- 
test against the appropriation being made contingent to the 
filling of the chair of Homoeopathy at all, that this was his de- 
sire, and he had worked for this object ; that Regent Willard 
had given information that one of the physicians of Detroit 
attended the meeting of the Board at Detroit, and offered to 
sell out to them for a consideration ; that we had postponed 
this matter until just before adjournment for the purpose of 
staving off debate, &c, &c; and closed by offering the same 
preamble and resolutions as the Illinois Society had passed, for 
adoption by the Western Institute, which very modest propo- 
sition obtained no second. 

Directing Dr. Beebe's attention to the fact that the report of 
Treasurer Michigan Homoeopathic Institute showed that all the 
funds collected had been appropriated for their benefit, and 
that they had approved the report, Dr. B. aroee and made 
the necessary correction, stating that the funds had been ac- 
counted for satisfactorily to the Michigan Society. This was 
manly on Dr. B.'s part. As for the other statements made by 
Dr. B., it is hard to account for so much blundering in so short 
a speech. Every remark made contained at least one error* 
and some statements were entirely erroneous. Some of these 
inaccuracies we will now expose. 

First, in regprd to Dr. Thayer's protest, that it was not in- 
tended to interfere with our proviso which made the University 
appropriation contingent to the fitting of the chair of Homoe- 
opathy. The language of the protest shows clearly that Dr- 
Thayer's object was to frustrate our purpose in this matter* 
We can prove this so clearly that no one can be deceived His 
design was too apparent to be covered up. In January, 1867 
we wrote the petition asking : 

" The Legislature not to grant the University any favors or appro- 



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860 EDILORIAL OBSEBVATIONS. 

priations until she has complied with the laws of this State, and has 
appointed a Professor to fill the chair of Homoeopathy in the Univer- 
sity ; or, if you should grant the University the favors or appropria- 
tions she now asks for, or may hereafter ask for, we ask that you make 
them conditional to her filling, in good faith, the chair of Homoeopathy 
in the University. And your petitioners will ever pray, &c." 

This was added to the argument prepared by our attornies, 
Messrs. Morris & Cochrane, for presentation to the Supreme 
Court, and forwarded to the State Legislature and by that 
body printed as House Document No. 4, Legislature, 1867 (44 
pages 12 mo.) 

Similar petitions we printed and circulated Jan. 29, 1867. 
Let the reader observe the date. We forwarded these petitions 
to all our physicians requesting them to obtain signatures. 
They were sent to Battle Creek as well as other places. Im- 
mediately Dr. Thayer writes his protest, this bears date Battle 
Creek, Feb. 6, 1867, just eight days after the circulation of 
our petitions, and the very first sentence proves that he intend- 
ed it should thwart our purposes. It reads : 

" To the Honorable the Legislature of the State of Michigan : 
• The undersigned has been informed that petitions,are being circu- 
lated and signed by citizens in certain localities of the State praying 
your honorable body to adopt further legislation in reference to the 
creation of a chair of Homoeopathy in our State University, and the 
appointment of a professor thereto. The undersigned begs leave 
most respectfully to protest against the prayer of the petitioners be- 
ing granted by your honorable body, &c." In another part of his 
protest he says, " He therefore solemnly protests against further leg- 
islation, either in behalf of the petitioners referred to above, or in fa- 
vor of adpropriating any sum or sums of money for the alleged benefit 
of the State University, &c." 

Dr. Thayer certainly referred to our petitions praying that 
the University appropriation, if granted should be made con^ 
ditional to filling in good faith the chair of Homoeopathy. No 
other petition had been sent in to the Legislature up to that time 
by the homoeopaths of the State. This proves beyond cavil that 
Dr. Beebe's statements that we had stolen Dr. Thayer's thun- 
der, and that Dr. Thayer had not protested against the prayer 
of the homoeopathic petitioners was wholly at variance with 
the facts. 

Equally false is the charge in Dr. Beebe's resolution that we 
sold out the interests of Homoeopathy in the University for our 

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EDITORIAL OBSERVATIONS. 351 

own personal aggrandizement. Dr. B. declares we did enter 
into an understanding with the Board of Regents, £c, and in 
his speech gave Regent Willajjd as authority for the statement 
that one of the homoeopathic physicians of Detroit had attend- 
ed the meeting of the Board at Detroit and offered to sell out 
to them for a consideration. Now for the truth of the matter. 
No sale of any kind of our interests to the Regents has ever been 
made by any one to our knowledge. We never heard of any 
meeting of the Board of Regents at Detroit We attended 
their meeting at Ann Arbor, June 25th, 1868, wrote and pre- 
sented a memorial which was printed (American Homoeopathic 
Observer, 1867, page 347,) this was agreed to by all the Uni- 
versity Committee of the Michigan Institute, and was fairly 
expressive of the desires of its members. 

The University contest has been conducted with all frank- 
ness. The Observer from time to time has kept its readers 
posted in relation to all movements. We felt surprised at Dr. 
Beebe's ignorance of the facts, but this was accounted for when 
we discovered that he did not take this journal. Since the 
meeting of the Institute he has subscribed for it, and we ex- 
pect will make no such unfortunate mistakes hereafter. If he 
had read even the published proceedings of the Michigan Insti- 
tute he would never have charged that monies had been col- 
lected from the Michigan physicians and never accounted for. 
About three years ago Dr. Thayer called on us at Detroit and 
stated that he had consulted with Chas. P. Crosby, Esq., in re- 
lation to another application to the Supreme Court. We 
found that $500 was asked for, $200 for Mr. Crosby, $200 for 
Theodore Romeyn and $100 for the Attorney General, al- 
though the charge appeared very large, we, on consultation 
with members of the committee of Michigan Homoeopathic In- 
stitute issued a call tor $5 subscriptions to defray the expense, 
very few subscribed, Dr. Thayer did not appear to like the idea 
of the matter being attended to by the committee of the Ho- 
moeopathic Institute, Dr. Drake being one of that 
committee, and Dr. T. did not pay anything. The idea of em- 
ploying these lawyers was abandoned. Dr. Thayer left 
the city. Some months after the Michigan Institute, through 

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859 EDITORIAL OBSERVATIONS. 

its committee employed Messrs. Morrow and Cochrane, coun- 
sellors of Detroit, to carry on the suit for one-half the sum 
asked by 0. P. Crosby, Esq., and Theo. Bomeyn, Esq. They 
prepared an elaborate argument (some 58 pages foolscap) for 
presentation to the Supreme Court, but could not succeed in 
obtaining the consent of the Attorney General to its being 
filed. During the delay that ensued the friends of the Univer- 
sity applied for an appropriation, and we at once concentrated 
our efforts upon the Legislature rather than the Supreme 
Court. The heading of Messrs. Morrow & Cochrane's argu- 
ment was changed and it was converted into a petition, as be- 
fore referred to, and so printed by the State. Discontinuing 
the suit we settled with our lawyers for $150, which was paid, 
as per receipt on file. 

We have devoted more 6pace to this controversy than we can 
well spare, yet we could hardly do otherwise. When the in- 
tegrity of our motives and conduct is questioned, when rudely 
assailed m our absence, and made the subject of the grossest 
misrepresentation, could we do less. We have met and refut- 
ed every charge that Drs. Thayer and Beebe have made, and 
will now close with a word of parting advice to them. If you 
wish the respect and confidence of the profession refrain from 
any such ill-natured attacks in the future. 

APPLICATION TO SUPREME COURT. 

At the meeting of the Supreme Court at Detroit, Tuesday, 
June 2d, the application of the Regents of the University of 
Michigan, for a writ of mandamus, was heard. 

C. A. Kent, Esq., on behalf of the Board of Regents, applied for a 
peremptory mandamus directed to the Auditor General, ordering him 
to draw a warrant on the State Treasurer for payment to the Regents 
about the sum of $3,000, the quarterly instalment of the fund re- 
cently granted. He desired that the case should be decided on its 
merits, and not on any technical ground. He read affidavits setting 
forth the accumulation of the fund, the appointment of Prof. Hempel 
and the demand made upon the Auditor. Also an affidavit of K. C. 
Walker, Esq., one of the Regents, stating that Dr. C. /♦ Hempel toas 
duly appointed a Professor of Homoeopathy in the Medical Depart- 

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EDITORIAL OBSERVATIONS. 858 

ment of the University of Michigan at the same salary as the other 
professors. 

He then read the resolutions relating to the " Michigan School of 
Homoeopathy " passed by the Board of Regents, March 25th, 1868. 
(These were published in Observer for April-May, 1868, p. 247.) 

The letter of Prof. C. J. Hempel, accepting the appointment, was 
read. 

The law creating the tax was cited and the proviso referred to. 

Mr. Kent then remarked that the only question in the case was 
this, " Is there a Professor of Homoeopathy in the Department of Med- 
icine in the University of Michigan at this time ?" 

The Regents claim that they have fully and fairly complied with 
the law, and made the appointment contemplated. 

Mr. Kent remarked in substance as follows : The Auditor General 
takes the ground that the location of the School at some other place 
than at Ann Arbor, is illegal. It must be conceded that the Regents 
have entered upon the purpose of establishing the School of Homoe- 
opathy in good faith. As to the question of policy we have nothing 
to do, we have merely to consider the right construction of the law. 

It is a question of power. Have the Regents the power to so lo- 
cate the school ? There is nothing in the law itself which indicates 
that the departments must all be confined to one place. [Mr. Kent 
here referred to several statutes providing for branches of the Uni- 
versity in different congressional and judicial districts of the State. 
One of these provided that such branches shall not have the right of 
conferring degrees, SfC t 

He did not consider that it was at all necessary that the 
University, in all its parts, should be located at Ann Arbor. The 
word University properly applies to a union in one whole of many 
parts, as universe. Comprehending parts in one. A collection or union 
of a number of colleges in one corporate body. As the University of 
London, a corporation of London, but including associate colleges in 
Canada and other British possessions. The University of Cambridge 
is located at Cambridge, but its Medical School is at Boston. At 
Paris the University of France is a corporate body, having branches 
everywhere through t France. 

As a matter of convenience the location should be left to the discre- 
tion of the Board of Regents. He then referred to the fact that the 
Allopathic faculty had desired the removal of the Medical Depart- 
ment to Detroit because of the superior clinical advantages afforded by 
a large city. Departments should be located where the best practical 
27 



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$54 EDITORIAL OBSERVATIONS. 

advantages can be had. There might be good reason for the location 
of a department of mining in a mining district, and equally good 
reasons why medical departments should be located where there is a 
large population. 

In closing Mr. Kent asked, Is there anything in the law limiting 
the Board of Regents from establishing different departments in dif- 
ferent places ? Can the court decide that the Regents have exceeded 
their powers ? 

Wm. Jennison, Jr., Esq., on behalf of the Auditor General, made 
the following points : 

1. The Regents have no such controlling power outside of the act of 
the Legislature as justifies them in establishing a School of Hoinooop- 
athy in a place separate and apart from the place where the " Depart, 
ment of Medicine " in the University is established, to wit, at Ann 
Arbor. 

The entire legislation concerning the University shows that the 
Legislature gives to the Board of Regents but limited control. The 
corporation is a public one, created for a public purpose and support- 
ed by the public fund. The corporators have no private interest 
whatever. 

The Legislature is the guardian. The Regents are instruments. 

2. They are therefore governed by the limitations of the act. That 
act provides that there shall be thiee departments, one of which shall 
be the " Department of Medicine/' consisting of its various professor- 
ships, but an entirety in itself. A division or separation of the parts 
of the department is inconsistent with the language of the act, and 
the object of its establishment. A medical education can only be ob- 
tained through the means of the facilities offered by the department. 
Section J 1 of the act provides that the government of the several de- 
partments be intrusted to the President and faculties of tho University 
clearly showing that it was never intended that the said " depart- 
ments " should be separated from the f eat of the University, the resi- 
dence of the President and faculties. The law of 1867, under which 
the Regents seek to obtain this money, provides that a Professor of 
Homoeopathy shall be appointed in the " Department of Medicine at 
the same salary as the other professors in this department." 

The language surely can only mean that a new professor is to be 
added to the professorships already existing in the " Department of 
Medicine " in the University of Ann Arbor. As it is admitted that 
the professorship is to be established at a place other than where the 



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EDITORIAL OBSEBVATIONS. 366 

Department of Modieine is already established, the Auditor Gen- 
eral had no authority to pay out money for sueh a purpose. 

Mr. Jennison dwelt particularly upon the fact that no new professor- 
ship can be created without consent of the Legislature, and that the 
proviso required that the Professorship of Homoeopathy should be es- 
tablished in the Department of Medicine. The department means a 
part of the University proper, not a mere branch. The Legislature 
did not intend to give the Kegents absolute control of the University, 
or power to legislate in the establishment of schools in other places. 
Students require all the advantages of the University where it is. 

The following statement of facts and law was presented by 
the Attorney General, Win. L. Stoughtou, Esq.: 

1. The Constitution gives to the Regents the "general su 
pervision of the University, and the direction and control of 
its expenditures." Const. Art. 13, Sec. 8. 

The Act of April 8th, 1851, 1 Comp. L. 711, defines the 
powers and duties of the Regents. Section 5 of this act 
among other things, authorizes them to increase and reduce the 
regular number ot Professors, etc. 

The Act of February 12th, 1855, amended this section by 
adding, "Provided, that there shall always he at least one Pro- 
fessor of Homoeopathy in the D t artment «>f M drjine." 

That the Regents are b »u id to in \k • sue i i > oinMi n in i 
reasonable time, isebarly intimated in the •> • <>f T'n' I'.niL 
ex reh Drirfc* vs. The HejcuU. JSe-j 1 .)/ . \)6. 

2. It cannot be claimed that the Board of It 'gents are plac d 
by the Constitution beyond the eontiol of the Legislature. The 
term supervision is not synonymous with the term control S c 
Webster and Worcester. We refer to the legislative action of 
the State to show that the Legislature has at all times careful- 
ly held his control within its own hands. 

See laws of 1817, cited in 4 Mich. 222. 
Laws of 1821, Code of 1827, 448. 
12 Mich. 166. 
By this Act, the power of the appointment of Trustees was 
in the Legislature. The office was only held during 
its pleasure. The right of repeal was expressly reserved, and 
11a rustces were only vested with the management, direction 



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866 EDITORIAL OBSERVATIONS. 

and government of the University, neither of which terms is 
equivalent to " control/' 

Laws were also passed April 13th, 1827, and May 31st, 
1831, relative to tBe powers and duties of the Trustees. 

The Constitution of 1835 contains no provisions relative to 
the University, except as to its funds.* 

In 1837 a new organic law was adopted, which was incorpo- 
rated into the revised statutes ef 1838, p. 234, vesting the gov- 
ernment of the University in twelve Regents. Section 9 pro- 
hibits ihe establishment of any new Professorship without the 
consent of the Legislature. By this Act it is clear that the 
Legislature did not give up its controlling powers. 

The law of 1838 was substantially adopted in the Revised 
Statutes of 1846, p. 216, and was in force at the adoption of 
the Constitution of 1850. 

After so long a course of legislation, plainly showing that 
the control of the University had at all times remained with 
the Legislature, if it had been the intention of the framers of 
the Constitution to take this control away from the Legislature 
and confer it on the Regents, they would have used the neces- 
sary words to accomplish that object, and it would have found 
some expression in the debates of the Convention. By refer- 
ring to these debates, we find that every attempt to lessen the 
powers of the Legislature produced a vigorous contest. Es- 
pecially would this have been the case had the intention been 
to confer control by the term iC general supervision" — thus giv- 
ing the latter word an unusual signification, while in the same 
sentence the word control (of all expenditures) is employed in 
its usual sense. The only reference to this subject in the de- 
bates is found on pp. 802 and 804. 

Such a construction of the term Ci supervision " would intro- 
duce a contradiction and an absurdity in sections 1 and 9 of 
Art. 13, since the supervision in those sections is to be confined 
within such limits as the Legislature shall prescribe, which 
would be just no control at all. 

3. The act of March 15th, 1867, provides for a yearly tax of 
^ of one mill on all taxable property for the use of the Uni- 
versity to be pai by t e St e easure , when ol ected, in 

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EDITOBIAL OBSEBVATIONS. S57 

like manner as the interest on the University fund is paid — 
Provided^ that the Regents shall carry into effect the Act of 
February 12th, 1855. Laws of 1867, p. 85. 

No money can be paid out of the State Treasury except on 
the warrant of the Auditor General. 1 Comp. Laws, 139. 

The University of Michigan is located at Ann Arbor. See 4 
Mich. 227. 

The Regents now claim that they have complied with the 
proviso in the Act of March 15th, 1867, by the adoption of the 
following resolutions on the 25th day of March, 1868, and the 
subsequent acceptance of the Professorship therein named, 
viz.: 

1. Resolved, That the Board of Regents accepts the aid proffered 
by the Legislature of Michigan hy the act approved March 15, 1867, 
with the terms and conditions thereof. 

2. Resolved, That in order to comply with the conditions imposed 
by said act, there be organized in the Department of Medicine a 
School to bo called the " Michigan School of Homoeopathy," to be lo- 
cated at such place (suitable in the opinion of the Board of Regents) 
other than Ann Arbor, in the State of Michigan, as shall pledge to the 
Board of Regents by June 20th next, the greatest amount for the 
buildings and endowments of said School. 

3. Resolved, That two Professors be appointed for said school, one 
at this time, and another prior to the opening of said School, and 
others as may be necessary. 

4. Resolved, That the sum of $3,000 be appropriated, besides the 
salary of the Professors, out of the State tax so donated to the Uni- 
versity, to be expended in establishing said School of Homoeopathy. 

5. Resolved, That Dr. Charles J. Hempel be appointed Professor of 
the Theory and Practice of Homoeopathic Medicine in the Michigan 
School of Homoeopathy, at the salary of $1,000 per annum, from this 
date, to be paid out of said fund so donated. 

It is respectfully submitted that this does not fill the require- 
ments of the statute. The amendment of February 12, 1855, 
provides for *'at least one Professor of Homoeopathy in the De- 
partment of Medicine. " The University was then as now "es- 
tablished " at Ann Arbor (1 C. L. 711, sec. 1,) and the De- 
partment of Medicine was provided for. Ibid, sec. 8. 

It is the clearly expressed will of the Legislature that there 
should be a Professorship of Homoeopathy in the University 



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S58 EDITORIAL OBSERVATIONS. 

where it is established, and not elsewhere, and occupying the 
same relation to it that the other Professors do. 

The establishment of the "Michigan School of Homoeopa- 
thy " was not contemplated or authorized by this act, and the 
action of the Regents can only be regarded as an unwarrant- 
ed assumption of *power. 

If it is claimed that the iC School " is established as a branch 
of the University, I answer, 

1. That it does not appear that the income of the Univer- 
sity will admit of establishing branches. 

2. The fact that brandies of the University cannot confer 
degrees, would defeat the very object the Legislature had in 
view — the placing both systems of medicine en an equality so 
*ar as public instruction is concerned. 

3. The fact that the resolutions appropriate over $1,500 per 
year shows conclusively that it is not a branch. 1 Comp. Laws 
2200, sec 18. 

4. The Regents have neither selected a Trustee or a charter- 
ed institution of the State. Ibid, sec. 2300. 

The defendant has no desire to keep the money in question 
from the University. But it is his duty to see that money is 
not paid out of the Treasury in violation^ or without authority 
of law. Wm. L Stoughton, Attorney General. 

C. A. Kent, Esq., responded that the citations made applied to the 
general power of the Regents. Some discretion is certainly left to 
them. Years ago there was a clinical branch of the Medical Depart- 
ment of the University at Detroit, under charge of Dr. Pitcher. If 
under any circumstances there has been occasion for removal of any 
part of a department, may not such contingencies arise again? Should 
a rule be established by this court ho narrow as to conOne the Univer- 
sity in all its departments to Ann Arbor? There is nothing in the 
ordinary construction of the laws regulating the Uuiversity that re- 
quires it. 

The Court reserved its decision to the first Tuesday in July at 
Lansing. 

Our friends will look for the decision with much interest. Some 
will regret that the matter was not decided by the court, and 
while we are very desirous that there shall bo a final settlement of 
the controversy as soon as possible, we do not expect to lose by a 



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EDITOEIAL OB8ERVATION& 359 

month's waiting. To us there appears to have been no necessity for 
any application to the Supreme Court at all, yet we doubt not that the 
Regents have been actuated by the best motives. In our common 
seuse way of viewing the matter as it stands at time of writing this 
article (June 5th, 1868) we think the Regents have now in their 
power a ready and satisfactory solution of the present difficulty. 

Let us briefly as possible recapitulate the history of the question 
and state the present condition of the University in its rdlation to 
Homoeopathy. 

First. The Medical Department of the University under an Allo- 
pathic faculty was financially successful, and the Regents were in- 
duced to believe that the fulfillment of the law creating the Homoe- 
opathic professor would injure that department, wherefore the law 
was allowed to remain a dead letter year after year notwithstanding 
our earnest petitions and remonstrances. 

Second, When the original proviso confirmed by the Legislature by 
the additional proviso which restrained the Regents from receipt of 
the appropriations until they obeyed the law, the Regents desired to 
find some practicable mode of meeting its requirements, and at 
the same time conserving the Allopathic Medical Department. 
It was then that the Homoeopathic branch of the University was con* 
templated. 

Third. Under these circumstances the Michigan Homoeopathic In- 
stitute met the Regents with a memorial declaring " that the appoint- 
ment of one or two professors only, in some other place than Ann Ar- 
bor, paying them one or two thousand dollars a year, would not be 
accepted by the homoeopaths of Michigan. They would regard the 
proposition as an evasion of the requirements of the law. The pro- 
fessorship or professorships of Homoeopathy are to be in the Depart- 
mont of Medicine in the University. We are entitled to the advan- 
tages of the University, here, we claim these, or other benefits equal 
in value." (Observer p. 236, 1867.) 

Fourth. The Regents, as an equivalent in their estimation, made C. 
J. Hempel, M. D., a professor in the Medical Department of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan to lecture in the Michigan School of Homoeopathy 
to be located at some other place than Ann Arbor. 

Fifth. Notwithstanding this extreme deference paid to allopathic 
prejudice, the Medical faculty then resigned, and some of them have 
taken positions in an opposition medical school at Detroit. 

Sixth. The Regents apply to the Supreme Court for a mandamus 
to compel the State Treasurer to pay over the appropriation. 

Seventh. We have not appeared before the court to resist the appli- 
cation of the Regents, yet we do not concede that their action has ful- 
filled the intention of the Legislature, or that it gives us advantages 
equivalent. 



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360 EDITORIAL OBSERVATIONS 

Eighth. Now that the Allopathic professors have left the Univer- 
sity the reasons which led the Regents to resolve to open a School of 
Homoeopathy do not now exist, If their places are filled with men of 
special talent for the respective chairs, who can labor pleasantly with 
Prof. Hempel in the Medical Department of the University of Michi- 
gan at Ann Arbor, the law will be filled in letter and spirit, the State 
Treasurer will pay over the tax regularly without hesitation, and the 
application to the Supreme Court may be relinquished. Why should 
not this be done ? If the literary faculty of the University were con- 
sulted they would respond yes ! Prof. Hempel is known to be one of 
the best scholars in the State and they would welcome him to the po- 
sition with them to which he is entitled. Many of the citizens of Ann 
Arbor have been prejudiced, but there has been quite a revolution in 
their sentiments since the childish act of the old school doctors in re- 
signing their posts in fear of the Homoeopathic professor ; the people 
of the State have again and again through the Legislature, instructed 
the Regents to admit Homoeopathy into this University of the people. 
Ninth. Some time since, sooner than fail to reap any of the advantages 
which were intended for us we were disposed to take less than the 
law designed, but we cannot see the propriety of asking the citizens 
of Detroit, or any other city in the State, to subscribe funds for build- 
ings, &c, for a homoeopathic branch of the University when the ne- 
cessity for such a branch has ceased to exist. Why should the Re- 
gents appoint one Professor of Anatomy to teach in Ann Arbor, and 
another to lecture at Detroit; or one on Chemistry and Toxicology at 
Ann Arbor and another at Detroit ; one on Medical Jurisprudence at 
Ann Arbor and another at Detroit ; one on Physiology at Ann Arbor 
and another at Detroit, and so on for three-fourths of all medical 
science? Do Allopathic students need one kind of Anatomy, Physi- 
ology, Chemistry, Medical Jurisprudence, &c, &c, and Homoeopathic 
students another ? — of course not. Have the Regents more money 
than they can find investment for in the University ? Not at all, 
the institution is in need of all within their control. Would it not be 
better to increase the salaries of the professors now employed than 
appoint any that are superfluous ? 

Tenth, Since writing the nine points above we observe that the 
Allopathic State Medical Society have met, and after denouncing both 
the Legislature and the Board of Regents, very gravely request the 
Allopathic professors yet remaining in the University to retain tJieir 
respective chairs. Will not the Board of Regents in obedience to the 
law ; in view of the interests of the University as a whole ; and in 
self respect, invite Prof. Hempel to his chair in the Department of 
Medicine in the University at Ann Arbor, declare vacant the chairs 
of all those who are refractory, and appoint to the vacancies profes- 
sors of distinguished ability, breadth of mind and purity of char- 
acter ! ■* E. A. L. 

E3T Personal, Obituary and other notices, with several interest- 
ing articles and reports are deferred to August number, which will 
contain the usual variety of matter. E. A. L. 



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Utatma fltfoua. 



PBOF. EDWIN M. flALK, Editor. 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer. J 
A MONOGRAPH ON 

U8TILAG0 MADIS, 
Its Physiologico-PathologiccU effects, together with its uses in Disease 

BY W. H. BVBT, M. D., LINCOLN, ILLIN0I8. 



(Concluded from page 320, July number.) 

Case 6. — Metrorrhagia. Mrs. F., act. 39. Nervous temper- 
ament ; been married nine years; never has been pregnant to 
her knowledge, and always has been regular every 28 days; 
Nov. 1st, two weeks since, had her menses as usual ; eight days 
after she had ceased to flow, haemorrhage set in with distress ' 
in the hypogastric region, otherwise is feeling well excepting 
she is feeling very weak and frequently chilly ; this is the sixth 
day ; has flowed constantly to-day ; she is so weak she had to 
go to bed ; the blood is dark colored and every few hours a 
large coagulated lump passes her. Gave Ustilago 2d every two 
hours; next day found my patient better; flows about one- 
half as much ; does not pass any more blood in a coagulated 
form ; continued same remedy ; next day hemorrhage had en- 
tirely ceased ; discharged my patient convalescent. This case 
of haemorrhage 1 believe was caused by excessive coition, her 
husband being a very large and amorous man, had been gone 
from her a month, but had returned ten days before I was 
called. 

Case 7. — Metrorrhagia. Mrs. F., aet. 25. Nervo-lymphatic; 
Sept. 5, seven weeks since aborted when three months goce ; 
has had haemorrhage more or less every day since ; blood is 
thin, very black and foetid, otherwise feeling well. Sept. 4th, 
rode up from Springfield on the cars, which brought on violent 
haemorrhage ; this morning thinks she has flowed one quart in 
28 Aug. 



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USTILAGO MADIS. 

three hours of dark colored, coagulated blood ; this is the lira* 
day the blood has been coagulated ; has no pain ; is sure the 
afterbirth came away ; has been attended ever since by an al- 
lopath. Gave Ustilago 2d, two grains every two hours ; or- 
dered perfect rest, &c; next day haemorrhage diminished one- 
half; continued same remedy ; next day no haemorrhage until 
the afternoon ; she was up all day and made a call \ had slight 
haemorrhage all the afternoon and night ; continued the Usti- 
lago all the next day, but she grew worse ; evening gave Se- 
cale tincture, iour drops every four hours ; morning, no better ; 
gave Sabina all day ; no change for the better ; gave Trillium, 
which cured the lady in two days. This is the first case the 
Ustilago has failed to cure, showing that no remedy can be a 
perfect specific for any disease. I believe a portion of the after- 
birth was not removed, if so, the reason of the Ustilago not 
curing the case is plain. Why was the blood discharged so 
foetid, if all was natural ? No examination was made and this 
question cannot be answered. Since treating this case another 
one has come into my hands of similar character that the Us- 
tilago has failed to cure, and every other remedy that we give 
in such cases has also failed, I believe it to be a case of uterine 
polypi, but not being privileged to examine the case with spec- 
lum, I am left in the dark. 

Q a%e 8. — Menorrhagia.^ A tall, slim, nervous lady, aBt. about 
30. Complains of great debility all the the time, during every 
menstrual period she flows profusely for two weeks quantities 
of black, coagulated blood, accompanied with a good deal of 
pain in the back and uterus ; menses when regular and well 
last four and five days ; gave Ustilago 2 dec, every two hours 
for two days, commencing the third day oi menstruation which 
entirely checked the flowing the second day ; now gave one 
powder every night for four weeks ; courses came on without 
half the pain she generally has and lasted one week, being nat- 
ural during the flow ; she still felt debilitated, gave Iron one 
month, which completed the cure. 

Case 9. — Menorrhagia at change of life. Mrs. F., aet 50. 
Nervo-bilious. For the last two years has flowed a great deal ; 
menses come on every three weeks and lasts during the whole 

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USTILAGO MADIS. 863 

interval ; for the first eight days has severe pain in her side, 
back, right leg and top of the head ; has a violent headache 
the first four days, on the right side of the top of the head 5 
Opium is the only thing that relieves it ; suffers constantly 
with a burning distress in the right ovary, at times it is much 
swollen ; this is her greatest difficulty ; the flooding lasts dur- 
ing the whole three weeks, expelling at times large clots of dark 
eolored blood ; the haemorrhage is profuse for the first eight 
days, but has to wear cloths all the lime ; is very weak and 
anaemic ; it is with difficulty she can walk ; bowels regular ; 
during the headache has chills and vomits frequently ; has a 
goneness in the epigastrium. Treatment, Ustilago 3 dec. every 
three hours for two weeks ; at the end of the first week the 
haemorrhage ceased, and the second week every pain about her 
had vanished and she ceased to take medicine. This case wa s 
treated ten mohths ago, the lady has had but two hard at- 
tacks of severe headache, something remarkable for her; was 
unwell every four weeks for eight months, since then menses 
have ceased to come on ; in the ten months has taken the Us- 
tilago twice for the severe headache, but no other medicine; 
has good health, better than it has been for years. This con- 
verted the lady to be a homceopathist, and she labors like a 
Christian for our glorious work. The cause of all her troubles 
was ovarian irritation. 

Case 10. — Dysmenorrhea, from ovarian irritation. Mrs- B., 
set. 27. Nervous temperament ; menstruation commenced at 
the age of 13 ; was regular every 28 days until the age of 18 ; 
for the last ten years she has been a great sufferer from dysmen- 
orrhea ; menses come on every 23 or 24 days very scanty, last- 
ing two and three days ; the first 24 hours the pain is most in- 
tense, coming on every few minutes in the back, ovaries and 
uterus, but mostly in the left oyary and womb ; as soon as the 
flow really commences the pain ceases in a great measure ; dur- 
ing the interval between the menses her great trouble is a con- 
stant misery under the left breast at the margin of the ribs, 
with a spasmodic pain eight or ten times a day in the left ov- 
ary, lasting a few minutes at a time ; at times has quite a per- 
ceptible enlargement of the left ovary which is very tender 

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86JL USTILAGO MADB3. 

cannot bear to have it pressed upon ; for the last four years has 
had a dry, spasmodic congh; never expectorates any; been 
married four years and has never been pregnant ; is very gloomy 
and desponding ; gave Ustilago 3d dec. morning and aight for 
three weeks, when she expected to have her menses, but instead 
of going 22 days went to the 27th. and had not half of the 
suffering that has usually occurred ; continued same remedy 
four weeks, when menses came on without any suffering ; flow- 
ed a great deal more than usual ; the misery under the breast 
is entirely removed; feeling well and in excellent spirits, but 
her dry, spasmodic cough was as bad as usual; prescribed 
three times for the cough i gave Bell., Bry., and Sanguinaria, 
but without benefit, and she ceased to take medicine. 
This case was treated six months ago. She still remains all 
right excepting the cough, which troubles her a great deal. 
The pain in the side and ovary does not trouble her any more, 
but the last three months had a good deal of pain the first day 
of menstruation. For three months the effects of the Ustilago 
waa all that could be desired. 

Case 11. — Dysmenorrhea, with ovarian irritation and stric- 
ture of os uteri. Mrs. S. set. 29. Nervous temperament; men 
ses first came on at the age of 14 ; first two years perfectly na- 
tural ; then took cold ; suppression of the menses four months; 
since then has suffered during menstruation as much as women 
in labor, with sharp, cutting, bearing down pains in the uterus 
and back, passing down to the knees ; paroxysms of pain come 
on every ten to twenty minutes ; last two days ; third day has 
a slight show of blood, and one thing remarkable about her 
case was this, every summer for three or four months she never 
flowed any, excepting a little white mucus ; menstruation came 
on every three weeks ; during the interval has a constant ach- 
ing pain under the left mammae^ greatly aggravated by walking 
or taking a full breath ; two weeks after menstruation always 
has nervous headache badly for one day and night. Gave Us- 
tilago 2d three times a day for seven days ; called and found 
she had been entirely free from the pain in the side under the 
mammae for three days, something she had not been free from 
for the last year ; same treatment for seven days ; when her 



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USTILAGO MADIS. $65 

menses came on suffered abont as usual, but flowed a great deal 
more ; same treatment for four weeks ; she missed her nervous 
headache; the pain in the side was entirely removed and felt bet- 
ter than she has for years ; menses come on instead of three 
weeks, in 28 days; suffered as usual, most intensely, but flowed 
as much as a woman ought to, and lasted five days ; I now di- 
lated the os uteri with sponge tents for two months, which 
made a permanent cure. This case was treated last spring. 
All summer she has been regular every four weeks without suf- 
fering pain, and averages about four days, while she flows, 
something she has not done for the last twelve years. Has 
been married a number of years, but never has been pregnant. 
In this calse the Ustilago certainly established her menses bet- 
ter, I believe, than any other remedy known to the profession 
could have done. This lady has been treated by a number of 
physicians, one of which treated her two years, without any 
cessation, for the dystnenorrhoea, and did not help her in the 
least. True I could not have cured her without the use of the 
tents, but that had nothing to do with establishing her courses 
which was done before the treatment by dilation commenced. 

Case IS. — Dysmenorrlioea. Miss M. set. 19. Nervous tem- 
perament; enjoys excellent health, and is regular every 28 
days, but during menstruation is a great sufferer with sharp, 
bearing down pains in the uterus and back, as soon as the flow 
gets freely established the pain ceases and she is all right ; hot 
drinks and warm fomentations do no good ; Pulsatilla if taken 
as soon as the pain commences gives her perfect relief ; the last 
two periods have been perfectly relieved with Ustilago, first 
time 15 dilution, last time 2d trit., but neither remedy makes a 
permanent cure. This case is probably congestive dysmenor- 
rhoea. In another very similar case the Ustilago acts splendidly if 
taken as soon as the pain comes on, but it does not cure the 
case permanently. I wish I could give the symptoms that call 
for the Ustilago m. in dysmenorrhcea. When its indications 
are fully known it will prove to be one of our best remedies, 
but one symptom will be the " key-note," in all the cases it 
will be found homoeopathic to, that is, the ovaries will be more 
or less involved. 

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866 USTILAGO MADIS. 

Case IS. — Suppressio-mensium, from ovarian irritation; 
Mrs. W. »t. 26. Nervo-oilious temperament, bilious predom- 
inating ; has never been regular three months in her life ; has 
no regular time that she expects her menses ; come on every 
two, three or four weeks ; has frequently gone three months ; 
once had dropsy of the womb removed by an operation ; gen- 
erally has leucorrhoea, discharges thin and white, but every five 
or six weeks the discharges look like pus ; at these times has a 
constant dull distress in the uterus ; she now has gone four 
months without menstruating ; has now constant fullness of the 
temples ; they feel as if something were pressing them out ; is 
very weak; can hardly drag about ; bowels torpid, but is not 
anaemic ; has frequent pains in the ovaries ; every tew days 
has quite a swelling in the left groin ; has always taken allo- 
pathic remedies; the last two months has taken large quantities 
of medicine, most of which has been Oleum tanacetum. Treat- 
ment, Ustilago madis 2d two grains three times a day ; thinks 
she ought to have her menses in eight days, this was Aug. 22 ; 
on the 26th commenced to have menstrual pains every half 
hour to an hour ; continued to have the pains until the 30th, 
when menses come on quite profusely in forenoon, then stopped 
until the night ; came on again and lasted seven days, flowing 
copiously all the time ; before the menses came on the pains 
in the back and womb were intensely severe, generally has no 
pains at these times. This lady still remains regular, now De- 
cember 3d, every four weeks. This was a marked case of ova- 
rian irritation, and the powerful influence the Ustilago had over 
it was truly remarkable. 

Case H. — Suppressio-mensium from ovarian irritation. A 
tall, slim, bilious lady ; for two days menses came on and she 
flowed as much as usual, stopped in the night and have not 
come on all day, now 4 f. h.; has severe headache with pain 
in left groin, (ovary ;) she can give no cause why the men- 
ses stopped on her ; usually flows a week ; gave one dose of 
Ustilago 15th dec; next morning menses were on her all right 
and lasted a week as they should. 

Case 15. — Ovaritis. Mrs. D., set. 31. Nervo-bilious ; took 
cold after menstruation, and it all settled in right ovary ; has 

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USTILAGO ULADIS. 867 

constant dull pain in the right groin and back three or four 
times an hour ; had sharp, neuralgic pains in the ovary ; walk- 
ing is painful ; bowels torpid ; is feeling very languid ; gave 
Ustilago 3d every two hours ; next day pain all gone but still 
feels languid ; continued remedy every four hours one day, 
when she was discharged cured. 

Gate 16. — Ovarian tumor of large size. Dr. E. U. Jones, of 
Taunton, Mass., wrote me to send him some of the Ustilago 
madis to try in a case of ovarian tumor. After h<j had tested 
the remedy he wrote me the following : " From the 2d 
and 3d triturations I found constant pathogenetic symptoms, 
such as an immediate return of the menses (usually very regu- 
lar in time) with a great increase as to quantity ; severe spas- 
modic action of facial muscles, &c, but so mixed up with her 
former symptoms as to destroy their value as provings. No 
diminution of the ovary was perceptible, but rather an increase 
of the burning pain. The Ustilago was omitted and Arseni- 
cum substituted. After the lapse of sufficient time the Ustila- 
go was again used in the 12th dil. and brought down to the 
6th with no result curative or pathogenetic, and I was obliged 
by other circumstances to omit it altogether. I have however 
used the Ustilago with eminent success in case of protuse 
menstruation, 3d trit. once or twice daily." 

I am now using the Ustilago in a very interesting case of 
ovarian irritation, where the lady has had vicarious menstrua- 
tion, twice from the lungs and once from the bowels; has al- 
ways had old school treatment ; the case has been in my hands 
a tew weeks, and is getting well as fast as the most sanguine 
could desire. I will give it in full as soon as cured. 

Case 17. — Ovarian irritation in a lady past the critical age. 
Mrs. N. set. 54 ; nervous temperament ; has a constant pain in 
left ovary passing down the hip, so severely that she has to 
limp when walking; the pains are sharp and at times pass down 
the leg with great rapidity ; every few days has quite a swell- 
ing in the left groin ; cannot bear pressure over the ovary ; 
bowels regular and otherwise well. Two prescriptions of Us- 
tilago 15th dilution lasting a week at a time, -gave her perfect 
relief, and remains so now two weeks. 



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868 USTILAGO MAMS. 

Case IS. — Menses premature. A lady, nursing a babe now 
18 months old, for the last eight months has her menses every 
two weeks ; last five days and are very copious. Feels languid 
and can with difficulty do her work ; bowels regular ; good ap- 
petite, <fcc; has always been regular. Gave Ustilago 3, morn- 
ing and night six weeks, which regulated her menses perfectly ; 
this was three months since, is now unwell every four weeks. 

Case 19. — Miss E., set. 19. Nervous temperament ; lor the 
last two years has been unwell every sixteen to twenty-four 
days ; flows a good deal ; is very weak and anaemic, otherwise 
quite well. Gave Ustilago 2d, morning and night ; it is now 
26 days and there is no signs of menstruation ; is feeling 
stronger and says she knows that the remedy will cure her. 

Case SO. — Scanty menstruation. A lady, nervous tempera- 
ment, set. 27 ; been married nine years and never has had 
children, but enjoys good health ; never has had her menses 
more than three days, and only one or two days colored. 
Menses so scanty is not compelled to wear cloths. Gave Usti- 
lago 2d and 3d for 3d tor three months. For the last three 
times has been unwell four days at a time ; colored for three 
days and are more than double what they used to be ; this 
case is one of great interest to me; to know that the Ustilago 
will increase the menses in one that is so old and never men- 
struated freely in her life, is certainly valuable (see case 11.) 

Case SI. — Leucorrhoea. I have given this remedy a number 
of times in leucorrhoea, and have only cured two cases, which 
were very mild ones. I do not think it will be found very use- 
ful in this disease. 

Case SS. — Labor. The value of the Ustilago madis as a 
uterine motor stimulant, I am not able to give, but that it does 
effect the uterus as powerfully as the Secale cornutum, I have 
no doubt. Lindlay says " Its action on the uterus is as pow- 
erful as the ergot of rye, and perhaps more." It having pro- 
duced abortion on eleven cows and two bitch dogs, in so short 
a time, shows that it has a powerful effect upon the uterus, 
even the uterus of fowls, is so powerfully affected by it that 
they lay eggs Without any shells. In two cases of labor (both 
primiparae) I have used it. In the first case to regulate and bring 

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USTILAGO MADIS. 369 

on the pains more frequently. The lady having been in labor 
twenty-two hours and the os was only dilated so that I could 
get my finger in readily ; the pains were not hard but came on 
every ten to fifteen minutes. About three grains of the Ustila- 
go every ten minutes for five doses entirely checked the pain 
for twelve hours; the lady slept most of the time not having 
slept any all night. This rather astonished me, but when the 
pains commenced again they were very powerful and the labor 
was brought to an end in eight hours. The second case, labor 
had been in progress fifteen hours ; pains not hard and about 
every six minutes ; os uteri dilated about the size of a fifty cent 
piece, but very rigid. The breech of the child presented. Gave 
Ustilago, four grains of the becond trituration every fifteen 
minutes for four doses. For one hour the uterus was thrown 
into the most powerful and continuous contractions, the inter- 
val between the pains would not be over one minute ; this was 
at 10 p. M.; the pains finally became ten and fifteen minutes 
apart ; the os gradually dilated and the labor was ended favor- 
ably at 4 A. m. From this case I should judge that the effect 
of the Ustilago m. is very similar to Ergot, and probably ought 
only to be given when the os is soft, pliable and nearly dilated. 
When a labor is rendered lingering by rigidity of the os uteri, 
vagina, or perineum, then Ustilagoism ought not to be at- 
tempted. ' The physician who should dare to drive the head of 
a foetus against a rigid os uteri in spasm by the means of the 
mad force of Ustilagoism or Ergotism, is an untrustworthy 
practitioner. For the purpose of bringing on labor pains I 
would advise the use of the first and second triturations given 
in five or ten grain doses every fifteen minutes until it has the 
desired effect, or what would probably be better still a fluid 
extract prepared in the same way that the fluid extract of Er- 
got is, would give us a remedy of greater power, and would not 
require such large doses. 

In cases of labor where we fear that we will have a haemor- 
rhage immediately following the expulsion of the foetus, a large 
dose of the Ustilago given just before the child is expelled, I 
have no doubt will succeed in arresting the haemorrhage 
by its power of condensing the uterus. The cases of metrorr- 

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370 USTILAGO MADIS. 

hagia I have given, show us what great ability it has to diminish 
the hypersemia of the uterine circulation. 

I would advise a thorough trial of this remedy for the expul- 
sion of polypus uteri, moles, dead ovum, hydatids, &c. In 
those cases the medicine should be given for a number of 
days in frequent doses. 

In hypertrophy, and an indurated state of the womb, I have 
giren it with marked and beneficial effect. The remedy must 
be continued for some time to get its best effects. 

Case 28. — Agalactia. From the powerful effect this remedy 
has upon the ovaries and their appendages we must inter that 
it will be found useful in diseases of the mammae. In one case 
of scarcity of milk in a very large lymphatic woman nursing 
her third child, who had been compelled to feed all her children 
more or less of cow's milk, for want of the natural secretion in 
her own breasts. No one could apparently be more healthy. 
When the child was six months old her milk began to fail as 
usual; had only about half enough for the babe. For three weeks 
I gave her Ustilago 2d morning and night, which for 5 weeks 
had a fine effect, and then the secretion of milk failed again. I 
did not try the remedy any more. In chronic inflammations 
and indurations of the mammae I would strongly urge a trial 
of the Ustilago. Also in galactorrhcea. 

Case #£ — Puerperal peritonitis. Mrs. B., set. about 26, 
temperament bilious. Dec. 7. was called to attend her for the 
following symptoms : Aborted two days since, when about three 
months gone ; attended by an allopath. He said a part of the 
placenta remained in the uterus. 

1. Has had constant fever ever since ; pulse now, 2 p. m., 120. 

2. Cannot bear the least pressure on any portion of the 
bowels. 

3. About six times to-day has had sharp, cutting pains in 
left ovary. 

4. Has flowed constantly for two days ; blood is dark col- 
ored, but not copious nor attended with bearing-down pains. 

5. Cannot move in bed ; is compelled to lie upon her back. 

6. Has constant, dull frontal headache. 

7. Loss of appetite, tongue not furred. 



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USTILAGO MADIS. S7l 

8. Bowels have not moved since the abortion. 

The tissues involved in this case were the ovary and perito- 
neum. Thinking this a good opportunity to test the virtues of 
the Ustilago m., I gave the T ^ every hour, about two grains 
at a dose. 

Dec. 8., 10 p. m., called and found my patient nearly conva- 
lescent ; fever all gone, soreness of the ovary and peritoneum 
entirely gone ; has no haemorrhage, but has still slight head- 
ache. Continued same remedy once in two hours through the 
day, and next day discharged the patient. 

Case 25. — Menopausis. Mrs. B., set. 47, bilious-lymphatic 
temperament. Has worked very hard all her life, but generally 
had good health. 

1. For the last year has had vertigo every day ; some days 
so bad she has to go to bed. This is her greatest trouble. 

2. Has her menses every three weeks, for the last year; lasts 
about ten days, and profuse ; flows as much again Jas she did 
when in health. 

3. Has a constant aching distress under the left mamma. 

4. Has a good many rheumatic symptoms in her shoulders 
and back. 

5. Is very weak ; not able to work. 

6. Appetite good. 

7. Bowels inclined to constipation. 

& Ustilago m., T fa about two grs. at a dose, three times a 
day for ten days. This entirely removed the vertigo and dis- 
tress in left side. Continued the Ustilago twice a day for five 
weeks longer. Menses came on in just 28 days, instead of 21. 
Plowed only a week, about as when healthy. Since then she 
has reported herself well. Menstruated twice, both times the 
interval was four weeks. No vestige of vertigo left. 

Gate 26. — Haemorrhage before abortion. Mrs. H. set. about 
34. Bilious temperament. Has aborted a number of times at 
the third month ; is now about three months pregnant. 

1. For the last ten days has had more or less haemorrhage 
every day ; some days quite bad ; not so much at night. The 
blood passes a number of times through the day, in dark- 
colored clots. 



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872 USTILAGO MADIS. 

2. Has frequent bearing down pains, as if everything would 
come from her. 

3. Is weak and languid, but does her housework. 

R Ustilago jjHif * n wa ter, teaspoonful every two hours. She 
said the first dose went all over her system like electricity, and 
checked the haemorrhage. In six days the haemorrhage com- 
menced again, lasted two days, when she aborted. 

Case 27. — Ovarian Irritation. Mrs. W., nervo-bilious, aet. 
about 30. Has never been as regular as she ought to have been. 

1. For a long time has had soreness over the left ovary ; sev- 
eral times through the day had darting pains from the ovary to 
the womb. 

2. Bowels are bloated and feeling as if they had been 
pounded. 

3. Has constant dull headache ; when stooping, head feels as 
if it would burst. 

4. Has gone two days over the time she ought to have men- 
struated. 

5. Digestive organs natural. 

R Ustilago 1 4 , ten drops in half glass of water, one spoonful 
every two hours. 

March 5. — Has taken medicine twenty-two hours. Pains in 
the ovaries much less. Not bloated any. Headache no better. 
No signs of menstruation. Gave Ustilago 80 , in water, every 
two hours. 6th, 4 p. M., no signs of menstruation. Ustilago 2 , 
two graina every two hours for two days. No signs of menstru- 
ation, but feels well. 

This case went four weeks ; the Ustilago was given again, 
and the menses came on all right. Not much could be claimed 
for the remedy in this case, excepting the removal of the great 
accumulation of flatus, and soreness. 

Case 28. — Intermittent neuralgia of left ovary. Mrs. J., aet. 
21 ; bilious temperament. Has been sick eight weeks, confined 
to^the bed six weeks; has had two allopaths attending her ; 
has taken large quantities of quinine, which did no good ; is 
now taking morphine. 

1. Every day, from about 12 m., to 4 p. m., has constant pain 

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USTILAGO MADI8. 373 

from left ovary down to the uterus, and every few minutes the 
pain in the ovary is intensely severe, cutting like a knite. 

2. Has good deal of pain in right ovary and hypogastric 
region, but all starts from left ovary. 

3. Left ovary can be distinctly felt in the groin, about as 
large as a hen's egg, and very hard. Wh^n pressed upon, gives 
intense pain. 

4. Every day thinks she has fever with the paroxysms of 
pain, but no chill. 

5. Has slight leucorrhoea. 

6. Thinks she is pregnant about two months, but has been 
unwell slightly twice. 

7. Loss of appetite. 

8. Tongue clean. 

9. Bowels inclined to be constipated. 

fy Ustilago ^jf ten grains in tumbler of water, two teaspoons- 
full every two hours. First day relieved the pains greatly. 
Second day the paroxysms of pain were much lessened. Third 
day had slight pain about half an hour. Fourth day, no pain. 
Commenced to set up the fifth day, and in two weeks was 
doing all her work. I never have known medicine to do better 
work in my life. If I had been called first to the case, I should 
most certainly have given an anti-periodic, but quinine having 
been tried so thoroughly, I determined to give a remedy that 
would have the most powerful effect upon the diseased ovary ; 
the result was a splendid cure, and another convert to our 
practice. 

Case 29. — Menopausis. Mrs. H., set. 50 ; bilious-nervous. 
Has worked hard all her life, 

1. Three years since menses stopped three months ; since 
then has had regular menstruation every three weeks, lasting 
from six to ten days, very profusely. 

2. Four months since, menses stopped for two months. Now, 
March 6th, has flooded constantly for eight weeks ; every two 
or three days comes away in large, dark-colored clcts. 

3. Has constant pain, of a dull, aching character, in her 
right ovary. Has been troubled all her life, more or less, in 
the right ovary. 



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874 USTILAGO MADIS. 

4. Every three weeks has most violent headache in the right 
side of head and eye ; lasts about twenty-four hours. 

5. Is very weak ; keeps her bed most of the time. 

6. Whenever she is sick, it is always the right side that is 
affected. This she has noticed all her life. 

7. Appetite poor. 

8. Tongue furred white. 

9. Bowels regular. 

ft Ustilago 80 , ten drops in glass of water, one teaspoonful 
every three hours. The haemorrhage ceased the first day, but had 
for two days and nights constant and severe pains in the lumbar 
region and hips. So violent was the pain that her daughter 
had to press her hands against the small of her back most of 
the time. She says her back never pained so before, and the 
medicine caused it all by checking the haemorrhage so suddenly. 
This case illustrates in a most beautiful manner the powerful 
influence the Ustilago madis has over uterine haemorrhage. 

In diseases of the thyroid gland the Ustilago m. should not 
be forgotten. I have given Ustilago m. in alternation with 
Iron and Sulphur in a great many cases with excellent results, 
but how much was due to each remedy no one could tell, con- 
sequenty I thought it better not to give any of the cases; but 
I think the remedy alternated with Iron will be found of great 
service in female diseases, where there is a good deal of 
anaemia. 

CHEST. 

73. Sudden flying pains from the heart to the stomach that 
arrested breathing, lasted but a moment — probably myalgia 

BACK. 

74. Rheumatic pains in the lumbar region, aggravated by 
walking. 

75. Aching distress in the small of the back. 

ARMS. 

76. Dull, aching pains in the shoulder joints. 

77. Severe rheumatic pains in the muscles of the right shoul- 
der, lasted all night. 

78. Rheumatic pains in the arms, hands and fingers, lasted a 
week. 

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GLTCEKINE IN ENGORGEMENT, ETC., OP UTERUS. S75 

79. Dull rheumatic pains in the right elbow joint, worse on 
motion. 

80. Kheumatic drawing pains in the finger joints, more es- 
pecially in second joint of right forefinger. 

81. Severe drawing pains in the joints of all the fingers. 

82. Fine, sticking pains along the metacarpal bone of right 
forefinger every few seconds. 

83. Sharp, cutting pains along the metarcarpal bones of 
right hand. 

LEGS. 

84. Rheumatic pains in the legs, arms and fingers for a 
week. 

85. Flying rheumatic pains in the metatarsal bones of the 
right foot. 

86. Mules fed on the fungus lose their hoofs. 

Let not the reader think the Ustilago is recommended as 
a perfect specific for all tl^ diseases above referred to. 
There is no perfect specific for any disease. All I claim 
for the remedy is, that it will fill a place among our 
medicines that cannot be filled by any other, but exact- 
ly where .Its place is, has still to be settled, and if every 
physician will do as much as I have towards developing its 
therapeutic properties, this question may soon be solved. • 



[For the American Homoeopathic Observer. | 

Glycerine in Granular Engorgements and Ulcerations of the Uterus. 

Dr. Sims, in rthat most remarkable and scientific work, 
" Uterine Surgery," thus speaks of the action of Glycerine. 
My own experience in its use confirms his high opinion of its 
merits. 

" Take some fine cotton, as much as can be held in the hol- 
low of the hand, immerse it in tepid water, and squeeze it 
gently under the water till it becomes perfectly wet ; then press 
all the water out of it, and saturate it with Price's Glycerine. 
To do this, lay the moistened cotton in the palm of the left 
hand, spread it out circularly for an inch and a half in diam- 
eter, more or less, as may be needed, scooping it out in the cen- 
tre ; then drop half a teaspoonf ul of glycerine on it, thus held, 



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376 MONOGRAPH ON PTELEA. 

and rub it into the cotton with the point of the finger ; then 
pour on a little more glycerine and rub it in, and continue till 
the cotton becomes saturated." 

In a case of granular engorgement this dressing caused a 
profuse flow of water from the diseased tissues, relieving the 
engorgement, and its repetition cured the case. Commenting 
on this singular effect of Glycerine, Sims says : 

"The effect of Glycerine thus used is very remarkable. It 
has a great affinity for water. A bit of cotton saturated with 
Glycerine and exposed to the air will retain moisture for weeks. 
When applied to the neck of the womb, as above directed, it 
seems to set up a capillary drainage by osmosis, producing a 
copious watery discharge, depleting the tissues with which it 
lies in contact and giving them a dry, clear and healthy appear- 
ance. When such a dressing is applied to pyogenic surface, on 
the cervix uteri, for a few hours, and then removed, the cut or 
sore will be as clear of pus as if it were just washed and wiped 
dry." 

Before seeing Dr. Sims' work, I had for several years made 
use of a similar dressing in all cases of granular engorgements, 
erosions and ulcerations. But I usually medicated the Glycer- 
ine with the remedy homoeopathic to the disease, using Bapti- 
sia, Hydrastis, Calendula, Hamamelis, or other medicine, as the 
condition demanded. Hale. 



Monograph on Ptelea. 



At the last meeting of the American Institute of Homoeop- • 
athy, Dr. E. M. Hale presented a very exhaustive report on 
Ptelea. The report consisted of 

(1) A complete botanical description, with an exact drawing 
of the plant in its various stages of development. 

(2) The medical, chemical and pharmaceutical history, 
together with a history of the homoeopathic provings. 

(3) The symptomatology, containing three hundred and fifty 
symptoms, most of them verified. 

(4) Clinical notes. 

There were fifteen physicians who presented provings. The 
sum of the provings amounted to twenty-three. 

The first prize was awarded to Prof. Nichol. The second to 
Drs. Fish & Frain. No pathok gical proving was presented. 



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ANNUAL ADDRESS 

Delivered before the Michigan Homoeopathic Institute, at Grand 
Rapids, by /. D. Craig, M. J)., Tuesday, May 19, 1868. 

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Institute : — I am not 
here to-day to eulogize our glorious system of medical practice, 
nor to congratulate you on the rapid advancement of our prin- 
ciples, or our success in finally securing at least a portion of 
our rights in the University of Michigan ; but, to speak of 
some of the duties we owe as physicians to those who are 
placed under our professional care ; and the influence which we 
possess, and should exert, to abate crime and its consequent 
misery. 

You are aware, gentlemen, that the crime of abortion is 
alarmingly prevalent in the United States. The habits of our 
people have become so artificial and luxurious that childbearing 
— the greatest duty and privilege which God has imposed on 
woman — has become unfashionable, and to many, intolerable, 
because of the restraints pregnancy necessarily imposes on their 
worldly enjoyments. To so great an extent is criminal abortion 
practiced in this country that the whole nation is reeking with 
the u Blood of the Innocents/ 7 and women who would ordina- 
rily recoil with horror from even the thought of shedding blood, 
have become, through ignorance or a proper public appreciation 
of the nature of the act, either accessory to or actual partici- 
pants in the awful crime of murder ; and that on the legitimate 
fruit of their own bodies, which every law of Nature and of 
God demands that they should love and protect. 

It will be unnecessary for me to speak of the evils entailed 
on woman's physical nature by induced or accidental abortion. 
You are all acquainted with them, and are aware that to this, 
more than any other cause, is to be attributed the physical 
degeneration of American women. It is a startling fact that 
29 



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S78 ANNUAL ADDRESS. 

the Yankee race is running out, and that were it not for foreign 
emigration the United States would become depopulated ere 
many generations, if the present cpnditioa of things should 
continue. 

It is not claimed that criminal abortion is the only cause of 
the decrease of population among Americans ; yet, there is no 
denying the fact that it is the principal one. American women 
are more susceptible to accidental abortions, because of physical 
weakness, than women of other nations ; and although this 
weakness may be attributed, in a great degree, to previous 
criminal abortions, it is not entirely so, even in those addicted 
to this practice, and very many women are wholly innocent of 
such a crime. Since the settlement of this country the Amer- 
ican people have been the most laborious of any other on the 
face of the earth. t It might be said that within a century a 
whole continent has been subdued ; vast forests have been 
cleared, and in their place cities have been built up, as if by 
magic ; and a nation has been formed that astonishes the world 
with its magnitude. The natural result of this overwork of 
the fathers and mothers has been physical decay in their chil- 
dren, and as strength pf body is necessary to a high degree of 
procreation, it follows that the present generation of American 
women have not the child-bearing power posse sed by their 
mothers and grandmothers. 

The medical profession, as a whole, has done its duty, and 
cannot be held responsible for the prevalence of criminal abor- 
tion. Most of the medical societies of the country have taken 
action in the matter, and have placed the seal of their condem- 
nation on the practice. In June, 1865, resolutions were sub- 
mitted to this Institute, by your essayist, denouncing the inten- 
tional destruction of the foetus, after conception, as wilful 
murder, and they were passed without a dissenting voice ; and 
last year another series of resolutions on the same subject were 
submitted to the society, by Dr. Hale, and passed unanimously, 
among which was the following : 

Resolved, That any member of this Institute who shall be 
guilty of unjustifiable abortion, shall be disgracefully expelled 
from the association. 

So this Institute stands right on the record. 



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ANNUAL ADDRESS. S79 

But, although the medical profession, in its various organi- 
zations, both allopathic and homoeopathic, has done all that it 
can do to stop this great evil, few of us have done our duty as 
individuals, by denouncing it on all proper occasions ; stigma- 
tizing it as the blackest of all crimes, and entering our solemn 
protest, without fear or favor, against its commission. 

Unfortunately it is not alone by the silence of medical men 
that this crime is aided and abetted. Thousands in the profes- 
sion resort to the business of the abortionist ; some because of 
innate depravity, and to indulge in the basest passions; and 
others because their limited talents, or lack of acquirements 
prevent their acquiring an honorable practice. And some of 
these men, whose crimes in comparason make Nero a philan- 
thropist and Herod an angel ot mercy, secretly creep into our 
societies, and with their hands all dripping with the blood of 
innocent children, bring discredit on our noble profession and 
neutralize the influence that honorable men could and should 
have on the public ; and because of these traitors in our midst, 
our reputation in this respect is very far below what the pro- 
fession deserves. I have more than once kindled with indigna- 
tion to hear the assertion made that no medical man would 
refuse to produce an abortion if the fee was large enough ; and 
in behalf of the profession of which I am proud to be a mem- 
ber ; in behalf of the Michigan Homoeopathic Institute ; and 
in behalf of myself, as a man, as a physician, and a christian, 
I throw back the base slander with the scorn and contempt it 
deserves. 

But, the question arises, what is our whole duty in the prem- 
ises? Are we to content ourselves with the thought that 
because we have passed resolutions, and thus placed our society 
in its proper place before the world, we have therefore removed 
all responsibility from ourselves ? Is it not rather our duty 
to denounce it everywhere as murder ; murder the foulest, the 
blackest, and the most cowardly, that ever emanated from the 
bosom of Satan, or disgraced humanity ? 

If any blame can be attached to us as physicians, for this 
great wrong, it is because of our apparent indifference to its 
existence ; but there is another evil, if possible, more general 



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880 ANNUAL ADDRESS. 

and deplorable in its effects, which the medical profession has 
done more to keep alive and propagate than all other causes 
combined. Intemperance has its citadel with us and has found 
its staunchest defenders in the most eminent medical men ; all 
the " Prohibitory Liquor Laws" that may be framed will be 
useless, and the efforts of temperance men for the reformation 
of the debased inebriate for the most part unsuccessful, until 
physicians refrain from the use of alcoholic liquors as medicines, 
and withhold their sanction from them as beverages. How 
many victims of this debasing habit have started on the road' 
of reformation and respectability, and have been hurled back, 
and dragged deeper in debauchery by the prescription of a 
doctor ? 

If we examine the action of alcohol on the human system in 
the light of recent physiological discoveries, we shall hardly fail 
to conclude that its present very general use as a medicine is 
unwarranted, and that as a beverage, it has nothing to recom- 
mend it. 

Heretofore the use of alcoholic liquors as a beverage has been 
defended on the ground that they were useful in sustaining life ; 
that their effect on the vital economy was not only beneficial as 
a stimulant, but, that alcohol being a hydro-carbon, its constit 
uents were useful in the production of heat ; indeed they were 
supposed to produce all kinds of beneficial effects, and if we 
were to believe one half of what their enthusiastic champions 
claimed, we would be forced to conclude with the drunkard, 
that they were not only iood, but drink and lodging beside. 

Physiological researches within the last few years have thrown 
a flood of light on the action of alcohol, and have completely 
reversed the opinions formerly held of its use, either as a life- 
sustaining or heat-producing agent. The very careful experi- 
ments of Massing, Lallemand, Perrin, Duroy, Anstey, and Dr. 
Edward Smith of Europe, and Dr. Benj. W. McOeady, of 
Bellevue Hospital College, New York, have demonstrated that 
the action of alcohol on the system is that of a poison ; that it 
passes through the various organs and tissues of the body un- 
changed, being, therefore, incapable of producing heat, much 
less sustaining life in any way, 



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ANNUAL ADDRESS. S81 

During the combustion of alcohol when excluded from the 
air, a series of definite chemical products result, and these must 
of necessity be found in the system if alcohol is consumed 
within it. 

These substances are aldehyde, acetic acid, oxalic acid and 
carbonic acid, and they are produced in the order named, du- 
ring combustion, the following changes take place : Two items 
of oxygen combine with the alcohol and the result is aldehyde 
and water. Thus O 2 added to alcohol C 4 H 6 O 2 produces 
aldehyde and water C 4 H 4 2 =2 H 0. As the combustion 
continues two more atoms of oxygen are united with the alde- 
hyde, producing acetic acid ; thus O 2 added to C 4 H 4 O 2 pro- 
duces acetic acid O 4 H 4 O 4 . The addition of oxygen to this 
last substance produces oxalic acid and water; thus O 6 added 
to C 4 H 4 O 4 produces oxalic acid and water C 4 H 2 8 =2 H 
O, and a still further addition of oxygen gives carbonic acid, 
when the entire combustion is finished. 

The experiments of Massing, Lallemand, Perrin and Duroy, 
were directed to the detection of these products of consumed 
alcohol, but no such substance could be found by the most 
careful tests, either in the system or in the secretions. 

On the other hand, pure alcohol was found in various parts 
of the body. Lallemand, Perrin and Duroy experimented on 
animals and men, and succeeded in obtaining pure alcohol from 
the brain, the blood, and the secretions of the kidneys, in 
amounts sufficient to be recognized even by the odor. 

These observers determined the fact that a single teaspoon- 
fill of brandy would yield perceptible results of pure alcohol 
in the space of half an hour, not only in the parts mentioned . 
but in nearly all the tissues of the body. 

While pure alcohol was thus freely and readily obtained from 
almost all parts of the body^ on the other hand none of the 
products of its combustion were found. Careful as was the 
search, and accurate as were the tests employed, neither alde- 
hyde or either of the resulting acids was to be detected in any 
of the tissues. 

Investigations of the same kind were also made by Dr. 

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ANNUAL ADDRESS. 

Edward Smithy of London, and by Drs. Anstey and McCready, 
with invariably the same results. 

We all know that the arctic voyagers found alcohol useless as 
a sustainer of he^t ; on the other hand, experiments have 
shown that the temperature of the body while under its effects, 
instead of being increased is decreased, as the following, which 
is taken frotia the Chicago Medical Journal will show : Ci On 
the 6th of April, 1867, four hours after dinner, when the func- 
tions were supposed to # be undisturbed by digestion, and the 
man in good health, the temperature of his body was carefully 
noted by a delicately-graduated thermometer, inserted under 
the tongue, with the lips closed around it ; the rate of the 
pulse and its qualities, as indicated by the sphygmograph, were 
recorded at the same time. Four ounces of Bourbon whiskey 
were then administered, diluted with sweetened water. The 
same observations in regard to temperature and condition of 
pulse were made and recorded every half hour, until two full 
hours had pased. Another series of observations, in all respects 
similar, were made on the 11th of April, except the whiskey, 
for which four ounces of sherry wine was substituted. 

At the commencement of the experiment, at 10:30 o'clock in 
the evening, the temperature of the mouth was 98 J°, pulse 83 
per minute, Then he took four ounces of whiskey. At 11 
o'clock, half an hour after he had taken the whiskey, the tem- 
perature of the mouth was 97f °, pulse 85 per minute. At 
11:30 o'clock the temperature of the mouth was 97 J°, pulse 89 
per minute. 

At 11 o'clock the temperature of the mouth was 97£°, pulse 
89 per minute, and at 12:30 in the morning, two hours after 
the whiskey had been administered, the temperature of the 
mouth was 97 1°, pulse 85 per minute. 

Thus it will be'seen that in this experiment, when four oun- 
ces of Bourbon whiskey were administered, the pulse increased 
from 83 to 89 beats per minute during the first hour, but 
decreased from 89 to 85 beats per minute during the second 
hour. The sphygmograph showed most conclusively that not- 
withstanding, while the number of pulsations was increased 
during the first hour, from 83 to 89 per minute, the force of the 

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ANNUAL ADDRESS. 

heart and pulsations were weakened. The heart evidently had 
less power to propel the blood through the arteries, and a con- 
gestion of the venous radicles must ensue." 

This would seem to prove that the feeling of heat produced 
by the imbibation of alcoholic liquors is not real, but is caused 
by its stimulating power, and it is easy to account for the 
decrease of temperature. The alcohol becoming vaporized by 
the heat of the body passes rapidly out by the way of the 
lungs and skin, cooling these organs in the same way it does 
the hand which has been immersed in it and then exposed to 
the air, and this explains the facility with which drunkardB 
freeze to death when exposed to a low temperature. 

With the above testimony as to the uselessness of alcohol in 
the healthy human body, we may leave that part of the subject 
and examine some of its most prominent pathogenetic effects. 
But before doing so, it will be well to notice a statement made 
by Dr. T. P. Wilson in a review of Flint's Physiology, in the 
United States Medical and Surgical Journal. He savs : 

"But recent analysis has shown conclusively that alcohol is 
constantly present in many and perhaps all parts of the body. 
It is being constantly produced through chemical disintegration 
of the blood and tissues. The blood and many of the secre- 
tions show its presence as normally a part of their structure. 
And while this fact gives no countenance to the use of alcohol 
as a beverage, it does show its possible use a remedial agent, 
an d wrests from the hands of our alcohol abolitionizers one 
of their strongest arguments." 

Few of us will quarrel with the doctor about the use of alco- 
hol as a medicine, when indicated by the totality of the symp- 
toms, but it will be difficult to see either the point to his argu- 
ment or wherein the arguments of the abolitionizers spoken of 
have been wrested from them. Even if we admit this state- 
ment to be true, does it follow that artificially-prepared alcohol 
can take the place of that furnished in the system. Experi- 
ments have been tried by digesting food in artificial gastric 
juice, and although the fluid so digested looked and tasted, and 
in a chemical point of view was identical with the chyme pre- 
pared in the stomach, it proved in every case an utter failure 



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384 ANNUAL ADDRESS. 

when introduced to the blood ; the vital forces refusing to 
assimilate it, and treating it as a foreign agent. 

The truth is that vital chemistry is beyond our comprehen- 
sion. There is something in the natural chyme, and all other 
natural and organized products, which no chemical tests have 
ever detected, and we can no more compare the substances pre- 
pared in the healthy body, and similar ones out of it, than we ' 
can make a potatoe in the chemical laboratory, without the aid 
of earth, air, moisture and sunlight. Every chemist knows 
that many substances prepared in the laboratory of nature have 
different properties, although possessing the same formula ; the 
6ils of juniper, pepper, caraway, parsley citron, lemon, orange, 
bergamot, and turpentine, being examples ; and we place these 
among what we call isomeric compounds, but after we have 
done so, we know as little about the cause of their differences 
as we did before. 

It is a favorite practice with our allopathic brethren to pre- 
scribe medicines and chemical agents because of their real or 
supposed presence in the blood and tissues ; thus iron is given 
in anaBmia aud cod-liver oil in consumption ; but it is generally 
believed by homoeopaths that these substances cannot be assim- 
ilated, the cures attributed to them being in consequence of 
their dynamic action ; and the fact that infinitesimal doses of 
iron cure anaemia to, say the least, as readily as large ones, goes 
to prove the truth of our doctrine. 

But this is not the only reason we have for disbelieving in 
the assimilation of inorganic elements or compounds by ani- 
mals ; experiments have been tried to nourish them on these 
substances, and every such attempt has failed. It is only in 
the vegetable kingdom that the constituents of animal food can 
be prepared, and all animals receive their nourishment from 
this source either directly or indirectly. 

Nor is it because of their physiological relations that we pre- 
scribe medicines, but the contrary ; and those agenis which 
will produce the greatest disturtance and danger to the system 
while in health*, become, because of that fact, the better reme- 
dies in disease. Every homoeopathist will admit that Aconite 
is a powerful and precious medicinal agent, but no one has ever 



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ANNUAL ADDRESS. 885 

found it either in the tissues or products of digestion, except it 
had first been prescribed as a medicine, or given as a poison. 

The symptoms produced by moderately large doses of alco- 
hol are somnolency and coma, followed by giddiness, weakness, 
stupidity, headache, nausea, and vomiting. Sometimes it pro- 
duces sanguineous apoplexy, and in other cases the symptoms 
produced resemble a slight attack of typhoid fever. 

The following cases, taken from Hull's Jahr, illustrate its 
effects in large doses: A lad, aged sixteen, swallowed sixteen 
ounces of whiskey iu the course of ten minutes, and pursuant 
to the terms of a wager, walked up and down a room for half 
an hour. He then went into the open air, apparently not at all 
the worse for the feat ; but in a very few minutes, while in the 
act of putting his hand into his pocket to take out some money, 
he became suddenly so senseless as to forget tp withdraw his 
hand, and so insensible that his companions could not rouse 
him. He died in sixteen hours. 

A young man had been drinking brandy immoderately for 
several days, when at length he was attacked with shivering 
nausea, feverishness, pain in the stomach, vomiting of every- 
thing he swallowed except cold water, thirst, and at last hic- 
cough, delirium, jaundice, and convulsions. Death took place 
on the ninth day. The stomach was found gangrenous over 
the whole villous coat ; the colon was much inflamed, and all 
the small intestines red. 

The following experiment was tried on animals: There was 
administered daily to three dogs, of various ages but of nearly 
equal size, six ounces of Swedish brandy. Intoxication, canine 
hunger, and intense thirst, were occasioned by each dose during 
the first three months ; but the dogs continued fat and appa- 
rently well. In the fourth month the bark of tjie animals 
became hoarse, and they had a hoarse, dry hiccough and cough, 
the eyes were staring and full of tears, hearing was much dimin- 
ished, and their sleep became restless, with frequent subsultus, 
and jerking of the limbs. After the completion of the fourth 
month the dogs trembled when they attempted to stand, their 
walk was shuffling, and there was evident weakness of the 
extremities, especially in the hind legs, so that they often 

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386 ANNUAL ADDRBSS. 

remained in a sitting posture when taking food. Cramps and 
convulsive movements, and subsultus next appeared in the 
limbs and trunk, both during sleep and when the animals were 
awake and lying on their sides. The sight of other dogs, how- 
ever, roused them at all times from their apathetic condition, 
and they endeavored, even in their weakened state, to attack 
and bite them. Their strength diminished more and more ; 
the sensibility of the skin, especially of the ears, was remarka- 
bly lessened ; the appetite fell off iapidly ; but the irritability 
towards other dogs continued unabated to the last. The deposit 
of fat rather increased. They all died in the eighth month. 

The appearances after death were the same in all cases. The 
stomach was contracted, it mucous membrane lead-colored and 
(edematous ; the intestinal canal coated with a bad-smelling 
mucus ; the Kver considerably enlarged, softened and dark ; 
the bile dark, and so tough that it could be drawn out in 
threads; nasal, tracheal and bronchial mucous membrane, 
slightly inflamed ; vessels ot the brain and its membranes much 
congested, with effusion of clear, semi-coagulated fluid between 
the same membranes of the spinal cord ; muscles pale, relaxed 
and soft ; fat soft. 

It will be needless to follow the effects pf alcohol further, as 
you are all well acquainted with the symptoms it produces ; 
but I ask you, gentlemen, if you can examine the pathogeneses 
of this agent, and compare it with the symptoms produced by 
the [well-known and acknowledged narcotic poisons, and not 
decide that it belongs to the same family, and should be banished 
forever from the tables of the healthy, and be found only in 
our offices as a medicine. 

The present indiscriminate use of alcoholic liquors as medi- 
cines is both unscientific and empirical ; and with a full know- 
ledge of the tenible evils, both to tne victim and society, which 
follow their abuse, doesjit not become us to prescribe them only 
after we have carefully examined the case, and have decided 
that the totality o # f the symptoms corresponds to the pathogen- 
eses of the remedy ; and then should we not administer them 
in as small doses as we do the medicines of the same group. 



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NNUAL ADDRESS. S87 

But these remarks apply to pure alcoholic liquors only ; and 
although I would not exclude them entirely from the materia 
medica, when pure, the abominable compounds sold at the 
present day for liquor forbid our using for medicine anything of 
the name. As homoeopathists we pride ourselves on the purity 
of our medical agents, and pay our pharmaceutists more than 
twice as much for drugs than they could be bought for else- 
where, because of the extra time and care used in their prepara- 
tion ; and should we not exercise the same care in the selection 
of wine and whiskey. 

If we carefully examine the evidences as to the almost if not 
quite universal adulteration of liquors, we shall be skeptics 
about the purity of any liquors, even if purchased at our own 
pharmacies, except we know that they have been carefully 
tested by chemical reagents after coming from the distillery or 
liquor dealers. It is doubtful whether pure wine can be found 
in the United States, except what is " home-made," notwith- 
standing the vineyards of Ohio and California, because wine 
made or adulterated with drugs gives a greater profit to the 
manufacturer than that made from the juice of the grape. 

It is stated that the United States consume one million 
baskets of champaigne [every year, but the whole champaigne 
district produces and manufactures for exportation only 800,000 
baskets ; of this, Russia consumes 160,000, France 162,000, 
Germany 146,000, England, 220,000, leaving only 120,000 for 
the United States, showing that of all that is imported into 
this country, only twelve per cent, is champaigne. The 
remainder is made up of cider, sour beer, sugar of lead, and 
sulphate of arsenic. 

The following ingredients are used in the manufacture of 
wines : To brighten, color, clear, and make astringent wines, 
alum, Brazil wood, gypsum, oak sawdust, husks of filberts, and 
lead are employed. In the isle of Sheppy many persons are 
employed picking up copperas stones from the sea beach, which 
being taken to a manufactory, copperas is extracted and then 
shipped to Oporto, to be sold to the vine dresser and wine mer- 
chant, and by them mixed with the port wine to give it a par- 



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888 ANNUAL ADDRESS. 

ticular astringent quality. It has been said by a writer who is 
well acquainted with the subject, " We know very well that the 
Spaniard would not touch the wine he manufactures for us, and 
the Portugese would spit out our port like so much poison/' 

Dr. Cox, the celebrated chemist and inspector of liquors for 
Ohio, at an examination in the presence of Prof. Wilson, of 
Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa., found in one article of wine 
purporting to be the pure wine of the grape, and had been used 
for sacramental purposes, the following : Eight per cent, rye 
whiskey, muriatic acid, alum, sugar, and elderberry juice ; and 
in a sample of pale sherry, so^ialled, belonging to one of the 
Professors of that College, and purchased by him at a high 
price from an importing house of New York city, and for medi- 
cinal purposes, there was not a drop of the juice of the grape, 
but abundance of sulphuric acid, prussic acid, alum, and other 
ingredients. 

In reply to the question: "Have you reason to believe that 
imported wines and brandies are adulterated/' this same Dr. 
Cox said: " Yes ; I know them to be, and can demonstrate the 
fact to any one who has faith in chemical developments. I 
have inspected of various kinds and qualities fresh from the 
Custom House, with the Inspector's certificate which accom- 
panied them, and was assured that they were freshly imported, 
and yet the chemical* tests gave me corn whiskey, with abun- 
dance of fusel oil as a basis, with sulphuric acid, nitric ether* 
prussic acid, copper, chloroform, guinea pepper, tannin or tan- 
nic acid, with sometimes a very small per-centage of good 
brandy, and frequently not a drop." 

As physicians we have no right to prescribe what will injure 
our patient when sick or entail misery on him when well, and 
if from carelessness or a worse motive we cause a brother to 
fall, on us rests the responsibility. 

Gentlemen: "It is impossible but that offences will come, 
but woe unto him through whom they come. It were better 
for him that a millstone were hanged on his neck and he cast 
into the sea.'' 



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tortlfjjw, §,mtlM, tit. 



MICHIGAN HOMOEOPATHIC INSTITUTE. 



The ninth Annual meeting of the Michigan Homoeopathic Institute 
was held in Leppig's Hall, Grand Rapids, Michigan, on Tuesday and 
Wednesday, May 19th and 20th, 1868. 

The meeting was called to order by the President, Dr. C. J. Hem- 
pel, and opened with prayer by Dr A. J. Bellows, of Boston, Mass. 

The following members were present on organizing : Drs. C. J. 
Hempel, E. A. Lodge, J. D. Craig, C. A. Jefferies, A. Bagley, A. I. 
Sawyer, A. H, Botsford, T. B. Lamb, W. J. Calvert, and B. F. Bailey. 

The following new members were admitted : James D. Taylor, M. 
D., Dowagiac ; A. R Smart, M. D., Hudson ;CT. Harris, M. D., 
Ann Arbor ; G. H. McLin, M. D., Buchanan ; N. B. Rice, M. D., 
East Saginaw; Joseph Hooper, M. D., Corunna ; E. Fish, M. D., 
Otisco ; Jacob Reed, jr.,M.D., Grand Rapids, and W. S. Whitney, M. 
P., Lansing. 

The application for membership of Dr. J. H. Reynolds of Peters- 
burgh was referred to the Board of Censors. 

A. J. Bellows, of Boston, Mass., was elected an honorary member. 

The Institute then proceeded to elect officers for the ensuing year. 
Dr. Hempel was nominated for President, but declined in favor of C. 
A Jefferies, M. D., who was elected. A. H. Botsford, M. D., was 
elected Vice-President. 

Dr. Lodge reminded the Institute that he had acted as Secretary 
and Treasurer sinoe the organization of the society, but that his pres- 
ent engagements would not allow him to continue, and asked to be 
relieved. He nominated Dr.J. D. Craig, of Niles, who accepted the 
nomination, but suggested that the offices of Secretary and Treasurer 
should be filled by two persons. Dr. Craig, of Niles, was then elected 
Secretary and Dr. A. Bagley, of Marshall, Treasurer. 

Board of Censors - Prof. C. J. Hempel, Grand Rapids ; Joseph 
Hooper, M. D„ Corunna; W. J. Calvert, M. D., Ann Arbor; W. S. 
Whitney, M. D., Lansing ; A. I. Sawyer, M. D., Monroe. 

The Treasurer then made his report, which was accepted and 
adopted, and the new Treasurer ordered to pay over the amount due 
Dr. Lodge, as soon as sufficient money was received into the Treasury. 



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890 COLLEGES, SOCIETIES, ETC. 

A vote of thanks to the retiring officers was passed, and re- 
sponded to by Drs. Hempel and Lodge. 

The Committee on University made their report, which[was accepted 
and the Committee discharged, and another committee on the same 
subject appointed to report in the afternoon, consisting of Drs. A. L 
Sawyer, E. A. Lodge, C. J. Hempel, C. T. Harris, A. Bagley, and C. 
A. Jefferies. 

Dr. A. I. Sawyer submitted a report of surgical oases, which was 
referred to the Committee on Publication. 

The Committee on University then made their report, which was 
aocepted, and after considerable discussion amended and adopted 
except the part relating to a petition of the people to the Regents of 
the University, which was referred to the standing committee of the 
University. 

The report is as follows : The Standing Committee on University 
to be instructed to present the petitions from the people to the Re- 
gents, and to correspond with suitable Homoeopathic Professors, and 
present their names as candidates for Professorships in the University 
if neoessary. 

A vote of thanks to Dr. Lodge for his efficient services as a member 
of the Committee on University was passed unanimously. 

Adjourned to meet at 7£ p. m., to hear the annual address, by Dr. 
Craig, and an address on the Philosophy of Eating, by Dr. Bellows, 
of Boston, Mass. The Institute then adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow. 

Second Day's Proceedings. 

The meeting was called to order by the President, at 9 a. m. 

Osman E. Goodrich, M. D., of Allegan, and Charles B. Barrett, 
M. D., of Detroit, were unanimously elected members of Institute. 

Dr. Henxpel, from Committee on Physiology, made a report, which 
was accepted, adopted and referred to the Committee on Publica- 
tion. 

A Committee on revision of the By-Laws was appointed, con- 
sisting of Drs, Lodge, Calvert and Bailey, and ordered to report in 
the afternoon. 

The following members were appointed to nominate committees for 
the ensuing year : Drs. E. A. Lodge, W. J. Calvert, A. H. Botsford, 
A. Bagley, and Joseph Hooper. 

Dr. Hempel made a report on honorary members, and on his 
motion Prof. E. C. Franklin, of St. Louis, was elected an honorary 
member of the Institute. 



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COLLEGES, SOCIETIES, ETC, 391 

Dr. W, J. Calvert, from the Committee on Medical Electricity, 
made a report which was accepted and referred to the Committee on 
Publication. 

Adjourned until 3 o'clock, p. m. 

The meeting was called to order by the President at 3 p. m. 

Dr. Lodge, from Committee on Publication, made a report, which 
was accepted: 

The Committee on cures with one remedy reported through Dr. A. 
Bagley, which elicited a discussion that was participated in by Drs. 
Sawyer, Craig, Bellows, Hempel, Hooper, Smart, Bailey, Whitney, 
Jefferies and Lamb. The report was accepted. 

Committee on revision of By-Laws and Rules of Order reported 
the following amendments : 

To amend Order of Business, Art. 1, so as to make it read : " The 
meeting shall be called to order by the Secretary, ond opened with 
prayer." 

Also to add the following new articles to By-Laws ; 

Art. 11. — Physicians who have been distinguished for particular 
devotion to the interests of homoeopathy in this State, may be elected 
to life membership at any annual meeting, such position entitling 
them to all the privileges of the Institute free from dues or assess- 
ments. 

Art, 12. — In case of objection to the reception of a.ny applicant for 
membership, such application shall be referred to the Board of 
Censors. 

Art, 13.— Special meetings may be held at any time, at the option 
of the President and Vice-President, and special meetings shall be 
called at the request of eight members, whioh request shall be made 
in writing and the object of the call stated. 

Art. 14. — Ten members shall be necessary to constitute a quorum 
for the transaction of any business. 

Art. 15. — Members may be expelled by a two-thirds vote, at any 
regular meeting, upon any of the following charges, provided he has 
been notified by the Secretary one month previous to the date of 
meeting, that such charges have been preferred, and opportunity shall 
be given for defence before the Institute. 

1st. The practice of unjustifiable abortion or any other notorious 
immorality. 

2d. For advertising or dealing in nostrums or publishing certificates 
recommending their use. 

3d. For furnishing or presenting false certificates in relation to 
time of study, of oharacter, or for any other purpose. 

According to notice given at last annual meeting, Dr. Craig intro- 
duced an amendment to the Constitution, forbidding the election, as 



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892 ' COLLEGES, SOCIETIES, ETC. 

member of the Institute, of any person who has not received a diploma 
frem some respoctable medical college. This was submitted by Dr. 
Oraig and amended by Dr. Sawyer, as follows : No person shall be 
admitted to this Institute unless he has presented his application for 
membership to the Board of Censors, at least three months previous 
to the meeting of the society, after examination has been approved 
by them ; but graduates of medical colleges may be admitted at any 
regular meeting, on presenting their application for membership. Dr. 
Craig aocepted the amendment, and it was passed unanimously. 

The Nominating Committee reported the following regular com- 
mittees for the ensuing year : 

Committee on University and Homoeopathic College — Drs. A. Bag- 
ley, A. Walker, E. A. Lodge, B. H. Drake, G. T. RandjuidC. T. 
Harris. 

Committee on Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children — 
Drs. F. Woodruff, J. M. Long A. R. Smart, B. F. Bailey, A. H. Bots- 
ford, John E. Smith and B. F. Pennock. 

On Pathological Anatomy — Drs. W. J. Calvert, R. Pengally, 
I. Douglass, Nat. B. Rice and W. S, Whitney. 

On Chemistry — Drs. G. A. Robertson, Chas. Hastings and Joseph 
Hooper. 

On Medical Electricity — Drs. E. L. Roberts, W. J. Calvert, and 
Joseph Sill. 

On Diseases of the Eye and Ear — Drs. Jacob Reed, jr., John Doy, 
F. X. Spranger and H. B. Bagley. 

On Diseases of the Teeth, etc. — Dr. Isaac Douglass. 

On Honorary Members — l)rs. C. J. Hempel and I, J. Meeoham. 

On Publication — Drs. J. D. Craig and E. A. Lodge. 

On High Potencies— Drs. F. Woodruff, I. N. Eldridge, and J. B. 
Tuttle. 

On Cures taith One Remedy — Drs. A. Bagley, 0. Fowle, C. B. Bar- 
rett and J. D. Taylor. 

On Pathology — Drs. E. B. Graham, J. D. Craig, Wm. Pattison 
and B. F. Bailey. 

On Provings of Indigenous Remedies — Drs. F. X Spranger and L. 
M. Jones. / ' 

On Intermittents — Drs. J. D. Craig, E. B. Graham, G. H. McLin, 
and A. B. Coulter. 
' On Surgery — Drs. A. I. Sawyer, E. H. Drake and H. B. Bagley. 

On Syphilis — Drs. F. X. Spranger and E. Fish. 

On Medical Education — Drs. A. Walker and L. Younghusband. 



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COLLEGES, SOCIETIES, ETC. 893 

On Medical Jurisprudence— Dr. Chms. B. Barrett, jr. 

On Materia Mediea — Drs. C. J. Hemp el, Joseph Hooper and E. B. 
Graham. 

On Hygiene— Dt*. £. A. Lodge and H. B. Bagley, 

Delegates to American Institute— Drs. £. H. Drake, S. A. Lodge, 
and W. J. Calvert 

Delegates to Western Institute— Drs. C. J. Hem pel, J. D. Craig 
B. A. Lodge, A* Bagley, W. J. Calvert, A. R. Smart and C. T. Harris! 

Delegate to Illinois Homoeopathic Association — Dr. J. D Craig. 

Delegate to the California Homoeopathic Association — Dr. J. A. 
Albertson. 

Necrologist— Dr. B. A. Lodge. 

Next Annual Addtess— Dr. C. J. Hempel. Alternate, Dr. J. M. 
Long. 

All of above committees were approved, except that on University, 
&c, for which the following was substituted: Drs. C. A. Jefferies, A 
I. Sawyer, E. A. Lodge, A. Bagley and E. H. Drake. 

Dr. Lodge read a letter from Drs. Douglas and Perrine, Chairman 
of the Committee of Arrangements of the Western Institute, stating 
that accommodations had been secured at the Milwaukee hotels for 
all who might attend the session of the Institute, to be held on the 
21st and 22d inst., and inviting all the members of the Michigan In- 
stitute to attend. 

Dr. Lodge was unanimously nominated as a life member of the 
Institute, the nomination to be acted on at the next regular meeting. 

On motion, adjourned to meet at Lansing, two days before the next 
regular meeting of the Western Institute. 

J. D. Craig, Secretary. 



INDIANA STATE INSTITUTE OF HOMOEOPATHY. 



The second annual session of the above Institute was held in Indi- 
anapolis, May 13th, i868, the President, Dr. Baer in the Chair. 

Dr. Boyd, in connection with a report on the anatomy and pathol- 
ogy of the uterus, narrated a case of ulceration of the uterus : Uterus 
became pregnant during treatment ; after the birth of the child the 
lungs showed tubercular ulcerations ; cured with Nitrate of Mercury. 

This case gave rise to an interesting debate. The disoussion was 
taken part in by Drs. Boyd, Baer, Jennings, Eggert, Corliss, Leonard. 

Dr. Burnham, of Committee on Provings and New Remedies, read 
30 



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39^ COLLEGES, SOCIETIES, ETC. 

an interesting report, after which instructive clinical cases were rela- 
ted by Drs. Baer, Corliss and Waters. 

Dr. Baer, Chairman of the Committee on Doses and Potencies, 
read a paper which was ordered to be published. 

Dysentery and Typhoid Pever were selected for discussion at the 
next meeting. 

The following-named gentlemen were elected officers for the ensu- 
ing year : President — Dr. Baer. Vice-Presidents — Drs. Leonard 
and Stockham. 

Recording Secretary — Dr. Burnham. 

Corresponding Secretary — Dr. Jennings. 

Censors — Drs. Eggert, Boyd, Compton, Waters and Roberts. 

Reports will be made by the following -Committees : 

Materia Medica — Drs. Waters, Leonard, Stockham. 

Clinical Medicine — Drs. Burnham, Corliss and Compton. 

Surgery — Drs. Boyd and Leonard. 

Obstetrics — Drs. Boyd and Leonard. 

Potencies and Cases — Drs. Jennings, Waters and Burnham. 

Anatomy and Physiology— -Drs. Stockham and Roberts. 

Adjourned to meet in Indianapolis, November 14th, 1868, at 
2 p. M. 



WESTERN INSTITUTE OF HOMOEOPATHY. 



This Institute held a very profitable two-days' session, May 
21st and 22d, at Milwaukee, Wis. The first day was occupied 
in reading the following reports : Dr. Beebe, on New Mode of 
Operating in Excision of the Lower Jaw ; Dr. Boyd, Use and 
Abuse of Pessaries ; Dr. Chittenden, Trichiniasis ; Dr. Wilson, 
Fistula in Ano ; Dr. Franklin, Tumors of the Lower Jaw ; 
Dr. Small, Medical Education ; Dr. Bowen, Malaria ; Dr. Doug- 
las, Clinical cases ; Dr. Ludlam, Recent Improvements in Ob- 
stetrics; Dr. Perrine, Prolapsus Uteri; Dr. Hale, Materia 
Medica; Dr. Parsons, Anatomy of the Foot; Dr. Patchin, 
Clinical Case of Patulous foramen ovale ; Dr. Bellows, Man 
His Wants and Necessities ; Dr. Duncan, Nephritis. 

The second day was devoted to the discussion of these reports. 
Phonographic notes were taken of these debates, for publica- 
tion in the Transactions, which are to be issued shortly. A 



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COLLEGES, SOCIETIES, ETC. 395 

committee of five was appointed to report at the next meeting, 
on the duties of preceptor-medical education. The usual ban- 
quet was not omitted. 

The following are the committees to report next year: Lon- 
gevity; its Physical Signs, Dr. D. N. Beckwith, Ohio ; General 
Pathology, Dr. J. D. Craig, Mich.; Diphtheria, Dr. A. K. 
Smart, do.; Co-relationof Pathogenesy and Pathology, Dr. 0. 
J. Hempel, do.; Medical Electricity, Dr. C. T. Harris, do.; 
Trichiniasis, Dr. Gr. W. Chittenden, Wis.; Malignani Erysip- 
elas, Dr. M. F. Page, do.; Fractures, Dr. G. W. Perrine, do.; 
Diphtheria, Dr. A. Kendrick, do.; Popularizing Homoeopathy^ 
Dr. J. S. Douglas, do.; Chronic Diarrhoea, Dr. N. A. Gray, do.; 
Asthma, Dr. A. G. Leland, do.; Granular Conjunctivitis, Dr. 
J. T. Boyd, Ind.; Operative Surgery, Dr. E. C. Franklin, Mo.; 
Anatomy, Dr. S. B. Parsons, do.; Surgery, Dr. G. D. Beebe, 
HI.; Tuberculosis, Dr. A. E. Small, do.; Ante-Natal Influences, 
Dr. A. R. Bartlett, do.; Clinical Practice, Dr. L. Pratt, do.; 
Bright's Disease, Dr. T. C. Duncan, do. 

The following are the officers for the ensuing year : Presi- 
dent, Dr. J. P. Dake, of Ohio; 1st Vice President, Dr. J. T- 
Boyd, of Indiana ; 2d Vice President, Dr. G. Worley, of Iowa ; 
Treasurer, Dr. G. W. Perrine, of Wisconsin ; Corresponding 
Secretary, Dr. E. A. Lodge, of Michigan ; Recording Secretary, 
Dr. T. C. Duncan, of Illinois ; Censors, Drs. T. J. Patchin. of 
Wisconsin, G. D. Beebe, of Illinois, W. C. Barker, of Illinois, 
A. R. Smart, of Michigan, and S. B. Parsons of Missouri. 

The Society adjourned to meet in Ann Arbor, Mich., in May, 
1869. T. C. Duncan, Bee. Secretary. 



The Wayne County Homoeopathic Institute was organized at 
Detroit on the seventh of July. This will co-operate with the State 
Institute, of which it may be deemed an auxiliary. This is the second 
County Homoeopathic Institute formed in this State. We repeat the 
recommendation made in Annual Address before Michigan Institute, 
1867, that the formation of County Societies be encouraged wherever 
there are more than four homoeopathic physicians residing within the 
County. 



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896 COLLEGES, SOCIETIES, ETC. 

New Hampshire Homoeopathic Medical Society. 



We are indebted to the Secretary, J. H. Gallinger, M. D., for the 
following abstract of proceedings : 

The New Hampshire Homoeopathic Medical Society held its six- 
teenth annual meeting in the city of Concord, on Wednesday, June 
J 7, the President, Dr. A. Morrill occupying the Chair. The attend- 
ance was quite large, and the proceedings harmonious and profitable. 
Drs. Jarvis U. Woods, of Nashua, and B. D. L. Parker, of Manches- 
ter, were added to the membership of the Society, and Drs. Constan- 
tino Fering, Philadelphia ; E. E. Marcy, New York ; Wm. Tod Hel- 
muth, St. Louis; A. E. Small, Chicago; Samuel Gregg, Boston; J. 
H. Pulto, Cincinnati ; F. R. McManus, Baltimore ; Carroll Dunham, 
Brooklyn; D. H. Beckwith, Cleveland; and Wm. E. Payne, Bath, 
Maine; were elected Honorary Members. Delegates were present 
from the Massachusetts Homoeopathic Medical Society, and letters 
were read from delegrates appointed by other State organizations, who 
were unable to be present. The session was chiefly devoted to the 
discussion of practical questions. Dr. S. C. Morrill, of Concord, 
read a paper on " The Medical uses of the Thermometer" which- was 
adopted and referred to the Clerk for publication. The following 
preamble and resolution were unanimously passed : 

Whereas, All homoeopathic physicians feel the need of a homoeo- 
pathic Dispensatory that will meet the demands of our advanced scienee 
and the approval of our State and National organizations ; and it being 
understood that Dr. Lodge, of Detroit, Michigan, has such a work 
nearly ready for publication, therefore 

Resolved, That the proof sheets of the " United States Homoeopathic 
Dispensatory," be submitted, for examination and approval, to a com- 
mittee, consisting of Drs. J. P. Whittle, Nashua ; E. Custer, Man- 
chester, and J. U. Woods, Nashua, on behalf of the New Hampshire 
Homoeopathic Medical Society. 

The Society dined with the President, after which dolegates were 
eleoted to the several societies, the ordinary business transacted, and 
the following officers elected for the ensuing year : President— Dr. 
A. Morrill, Concord- Vice-President — Dr. D. F. Moore, Lake Vil- 
lage. Clerk, Treasurer and Librarian — Dr. J. H. Gallinger, Con- 
cord. Counsellors — Drs. L. T. Weeks, Laconia; Francis Brick, 
Keene ; and the President and Clerk, ex officio. Censors — Drs. J. F. 
Whittle, Nashua; E. Custer, Manchester; S. C. Morrill, Concord; 
J. C. Moore, Lake Village ; and W. A. Jones, Lyndeborough. It is 
proposed to make the next session more profitable, by continuing the 



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COLLEGES, SOCIETIES, ETC. 897 

meeting through the entire day, and haying a public address in the 
evening. The Society adjourned to meet in Concord on the third 
Wednesday of June, 1869. 



WAYNE COUNTY, [MICH.,] HOMOEOPATHIC INSTITUTE. 
First Annual Meeting. 



ELECTION OP OFFICERS MISCELLANEOUS BUSINESS. 



The first Annual Meeting of the Wayne County Homoeopathic Insti- 
tute was held on Tuesday evening, July 7, 1868, Wm. R. Gorton, 
M. D., in the Chair. 

After invocation of the Divine Messing, the constitution, by-laws 
and rules of order adopted at the last meeting were presented by the 
secretary, duly engrossed, and received the signatures of the mem- 
bers present: Drs. Wra. R. Gorton, F. X. Sprangcr; M. J. Spranger, 
E. T. Adams, E. H. Drake, E. A. Lodge, E. R. Ellis and Chas. B. 
Barrett, Jr. 

The Institute then proceeded to an election of officers for the ensu- 
ing year, with the following result : 

President — Edwin A. Lodge, M. D. 

Vice President — Wm. R. Gorton, M. D. 

Secretary — Chas. B. Barrett, Jr., M. D. 

Treasurer -E. T. Adams. M. D. 

Censors— E.H.Drake, MD.; FXSpranger, M.D.; E.R.Ellis, M.D. 

The following was unanimously passed : 

Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed whose duty it 
shall be to report, from month to month, such measures as may be 
taken in relation to homoeopathy in the University of Michigan ; and 
that this committee recommend a course of action to the Institute. 

The following gentlemen were appointed to serve on the above 
committee, Drs. Gorton, Ellis and Drake. 

Dr. E. T. Adams offered the following, which was unanimously 
adopted : 

Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to inquire into 
the advisability of establishing a free homoeopathic dispensary in 
Detroit, and report at the next meeting. 

Drs. Adams, Gorton, and Spranger were appointed on the dispen- 
sary committee. 

The subject of Medical Ethics was selected for consideration at the 
next meeting. 

After a brief address by the President, the Institute adjourned to 
the first Tuesday of August, at Dr. Drake's office. 

The Institute will meet regularly on the first Tuesday of each 
month, and hold an annual meeting on the first Tuesday of July in 
each year, for election of officers and other business. Members must 
be graduates of incorporated medical colleges. 



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HOMOEOPATH* IN UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN. 



Dr. S. B. Thayer has circulated . a printed letter, addressed 
to us, but we have not received a copy of it from him. In 
his closing paragraph he charges us with making the 
Observer the vehicle of personal attacks, instead of studying 
the interest and taste of the profession. The truth is the oppo- 
site of this. But we must make some allowance for Dr. Thay- 
er's ignorance of the Observer as now conducted, because his 
name was stricken off the subscription list some time ago, he 
being delinquent for several years' subscription. 

We throw aside, every month, personal and contro- 
versal articles, and give the preference to the practical and 
useful. Occasionally it is needful we should stand up to vindi- 
cate personal and professional rights, and when necessary we shall 
always do so. We devoted several pages of space in July No. 
to Drs. Beebe and Thayer, because they had been guilty of 
perpetrating a gross wrong in the action before the Illinois 
Society. We have never devoted a single paragraph to refu- 
tation of the false statements made by Dr. Thayer and others, 
to different physicians, from time to time ; we let them pass, 
having no idea of their ability to injure us in that way ; but 
when they bring up a vote of censure before a Society of another 
State, in the absence of any representation whatever from this 
State (Michigan), and make statements which are wholly untrue, 
they merit sharp criticism and will receive it. 

Dr. Thayer states that he has the hearty co-operation of Prof. 
Hempel, Drs. Bagley & Son, and Dr. Woodruff, &c., in a suit 
instituted for the purpose of heading off a sale which he said 
we proposed. Dr. Thayer is very unfortunate in both the 
statement and his references. Dr. Woodruff opposed Prof. 
HempeFs appointment. Prof. Hempel endorses the course 
pursued by the Michigan Homoeopathic Institute and by us, 

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EDITORIAL OBSERVATIONS. S99 

editorially and otherwise, and he most emphatically censures 
Dr, Beebe's action as champion of Dr. Thayer. Neither Prof. 
Hempel or Drs. Bagley & Son have had the slightest idea of 
heading off any sale whatever, by contributing, or prom- 
ising to contribute, to any law expenses We know that both 
Prof. Hempel and Dr. A. Bagley, at Milwaukee disapproved of 
Dr. Beebe's